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I 


D  nrkaljir* 


SIXTY    ILLUSTRATIONS. 


Edited   by   J.    HORSFALL    TURNER, 

Idel,    Bradford. 


Vol.   I. 


firtnt**  for  *|p  (Bbitov 

By  T.  Harrison,  Queen  Street,  Bingley. 

1888. 


(THE NEW  YORK 

PUBMCUBRA.RY 

'63795 

ASTO*,  LENOX  AND 
TILDEN  FOUNDATION*' 

1897. 


3 
> 


J  > 


7 


PAGE. 

J.  M.  W.  Turner  -         1, 

Bretton  Hall  Ballad       1,  191. 

Yorkshire  M.P's.,  1758  5. 

St.  John  of  Beverley     -        6. 
—  Extinct  Yorkshire  Magazines  7. 

Stanbury  Quaker  Register     9. 

Latter  Day  '  Sinner '     -       15. 

Akroyd  Scholarship       -       16. 

Akroyd'sWiU       -         -       18. 

Fire  of  London     -         -       19. 

Refusing  Knighthood    -       19. 

M.Ps.  for  York,  1718-1882  20. 

Ripley  Memorial  Slabs         28. 

W.  Riding  Sessions  Rolls, 
(numerous  topics)   28,47,78, 
188,  288. 

Yorkshire  Church  Livings   29. 

Quakerism  in  Sedbergh        29. 

York  Cattle  Fairs  -       82. 

Batley  Grammar  School      87. 

John  Berry's  Journal, 

(numerous  topics)      -       89. 

Cheap  Trips  -         -       44. 

Bullhouse  -         -       45. 

Bullhouse  Chapel  -      46. 

';  Yorkshire  Pottery  52,119,285. 

Village  Feasts       -         -       56. 

Fylfot  ...       66. 

Baildon         -         -  64,94. 

„         Darton  Registers  -       64. 

Fulneck        -         -  65. 

Reins  of  land        -         -       68. 

High  Sunderland  -         -       68. 

Woolcombers        -         -       77. 
•*/        Wentworth's  Letter,  1497    78. 

Ardsley  Notes       -         -       79. 

Kirklees  Nunnery  82,97. 

Eldwick  Stone  Circle     -     105. 

Ackworth  Parish  Registers, 

107,129,166. 

Reptile  Symbolism  118. 


PAGE. 

Muster  Rolls  -  -  118. 
Extinct   Congregational 

Colleges  -         -  124. 

Sir  John  Hotham  -  129. 

York  Mint  182,186,228. 

Pontefract  Shilling  -  188. 
Yorkshire  Waterfalls  and 

Caves        -         -         -  188. 

King's  Manor  House,  York  188 


141. 

-  142. 

150,  ass. 

-  158. 

-  159. 

-  160. 

-  161. 


178. 
178. 


County  Records 
Assessment,  1584  - 
Yorkshire  Crosses 
Holy  Wells 
Roman  Altars 
Halifax  Gibbet  Law 
Merry  Bauk 
Wordsworth  of  Wadworth  161, 

286 
Grassington  Schismatics 
Fors  Abbey 
Dr.   John   Hall's  MSS. 

[Nonconformist  History] 
Plague  of  Mirfield 
Ledgard   and   Shepley 

Bridges 

Briefs  -         191,198,284 

Ducking  Stool  at  Mirfield  195 
Rev.   J.   Ismay's  Diary, 

(numerous  topics)  -  196 
History  of  Mirfield,  1755  201 
Blount's  Yorkshire  Tenures, 

211,  228 
Saltaire  -  -  -  224 
Yorkshire  Coins  -       226 

Washburn  Place  Names     282 
Wakefield,     Pontefract, 

Knaresborough,    and 

Tickhill  Manors 
Halifax  Militia 
Silkstone  Registers 


175. 

187. 

187. 


288. 
285. 
286. 


Indexes 


241,  256. 


Scaleber  Force 

. 

.         .         . 

. 

PAGE. 
188.' 

Saltaire 

224. 

PAGE. 

PAGE. 

Bretton  Hall 

2. 

Keyingham  Stump 

- 

158. 

Ripley  Slabs 

28. 

Ravenspurn  Cross 

- 

154. 

Bullhouse  Chapel 

46. 

Keyingham  Cross 

- 

155. 

Fylfot,  (82  figures)         57,  64. 

Swine  Cross 

- 

155. 

Fulneck 

65. 

Hornsea  Cross 

- 

155. 

High  Sunderland 

69. 

Brandsburton  Cross 

- 

156. 

Baildon  Hall 

95. 

Leven  Cross 

- 

157. 

Heckmondwike  Academy 

126. 

Nunkeeling  Cross 

- 

157. 

Rev.  James  Scott 

127. 

Atwick  Cross 

- 

157. 

Sir  John  Hotham 

181. 

Stainland  Holywell 

- 

158. 

Edward  VI's.  Coins  (4) 

182. 

Roman  Altar,  Slack 

- 

159. 

Pontefract  Coin 

188. 

Roman  Altar,  Greetland 

159. 

Thornton  Force 

184. 

Sir  Titus  Salt 

- 

224. 

Easegill  Force 

186. 

Saltaire    Congregational 

Ingle  borough  Cave 

187. 

Church 

- 

225. 

Stainland  Cross 

150. 

Ulf  s  Arms 

. 

280. 

Beverley  Frithstool 

152. 

Ulfs  Horn 

. 

281. 

Bradford  Cross 

158. 

Bradford  Horn    - 

- 

281. 

[orfcsjjire  |totcs  wto  (Sutras. 


J.  M.  W.  Tubner.  "  There  was  no  County  in  England  to  which 
Turner  was  so  much  attached  as  Yorkshire.  .  ,  It  was  here 
on  the  Wolds,  and  beside  the  banks  of  the  Wharfe,  that  he  first 
(after  Wales)  saw  really  wild  scenery.  ...  He  loved  it 
because  he  had  gathered  in  its  ruined  Abbeys  the  chief  treasures 
of  his  *  Liber/  and  because  there  he  found  the  past  and  pre- 
sent times  in  the  most  striking  juxtaposition.  .  .  •  Mr. 
Buskin  says,  and  we  cannot  quote  a  higher  authority, — ' The 
scenery,  whose  influence  I  can  trace  most  definitely  throughout 
his  Works,  varied  as  they  are,  is  that  of  Yorkshire.' " — Thorn- 
bury's  Life  of  Turner. 


Vitus  on  a  fUmarkable  Ciraxmstanr* 

CONNECTED   WITH   BRETTON    HALL,    NEAR   BARNSLEY. 

[From  an  undated  Broadside,  once  very  popular,  and  taken  for 
fact.  Fortunately  for  their  credit  they  are  simply  styled 
Lines.] 

At  Bretton  Hall,  near  Wakefield,  known  so  well, 
Sir  William  Wentworth  Blackett  once  did  dwell ; 
That  mansion  was  his  own, — there,  with  his  bride, 
In  pomp  and  splendour,  he  did  once  reside ; 
Yet,  in  the  midst  of  all  that  he  possessed, 
A  rambling  mind  disturb'd  Sir  William's  breast. 
His  lady  and  his  home  he  left  behind, — 
Says  he,  *  The  end  of  this  wide  world  I'll  find ; 
The  earth's  extensive,  but  you  may  depend  on  't, 
Before  e'er  I  return  I'll  find  the  end  on  't. 
So  he  embark'd  on  board  a  ship  we  find, 
And,  sailing,  left  her  ladyship  behind, 
Who,  oft  in  sorrow  did  his  absence  mourn, 
And,  sighing  said,  '  0  that  he  would  return, 
For  be  his  voyage  rough  or  smooth  at  sea, 
It  is  a  cruel,  bitter  blast  to  me.' 
8ir  William,  he  rolls  on  through  winds  and  waves ; 
Undaunted,  he  all  kinds  of  weather  braves ; 
Nor  his  strange  project  ever  relinquish'd  he, 
Till  one  and  twenty  years  he'd  been  at  sea ; 

Y.N.Q.  B 


YORKSHIRE    NOTE8    AND    QUERIES. 

Then,  p'rhaps  he  thought,  '  Good  lack  the  world  is  round, 
The  end  is  nowhere,  so  it  can't  be  found ; 
And  as  I'm  weary  of  this  wild-goose  chase, 
At  home  again,  ere  long,  I'll  show  my  face.' 
Then  off  he  set,  but  little  was  aware 


What  would  transpire  on  his  arrival  there : 

For,  while  Sir  William  roved,  as  here  express'd, 

Another  •  Sir '  his  lady  thus  address'd : — 

*  Sir  William  *s  gone,  ne'er  to  return  again, 

Fast  this  world's  end,  which  long  he  sought  in  vain ; 

There's  not  a  doubt  he's  found  the  end  of  life. 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

But  don't  be  troubled,  yon  shall  be  my  wife.' 

She  listened,  till  at  length  she  gave  consent. 

And  straightway,  then,  to  church  this  couple  went. 

Sir  William  does  about  this  "wedding  hear, 

As  he  unto  his  journey's  end  draws  near ; 

And  thus,  he  does  within  his  mind  reflect — 

'  This  sly  usurper  I  shall  now  detect ; 

Soon  shall  he  know*  (though  much  against  his  will) 

At  Bretton  Hall  I  have  dominion  still. 

Those  woods  and  fertile  fields  my  own  I  call, 

With  this  magnificent,  this  splendid  hall ; 

And  now  I  come  to  claim  them  as  my  own, 

Though  by  my  dress  not  from  a  beggar  known, 

My  clothes  are  turned  to  rags ;  and,  by  the  weather, 

My  skin  is  tann'd  till  it  resembles  leather ; 

So  now  I'll  act  the  beggar,  bold  and  rude, 

And,  at  this  wedding  boldly  I'll  intrude ; 

And  though,  admittance  I  may  be  denied, 

I'll  rob  the  merry  bridegroom  of  his  bride.1 

Then  at  his  own  hall  door  one  rap  he  gave, 

Resolved  the  inmate's  charity  to  crave ; 

So  he  presented  his  request,  'tis  said, 

And  they  presented  him  a  crust  of  bread ! 

The  bread  he  took,  and  then,  to  their  surprise, 

He  ask'd  the  servants  for  some  beer  likewise. 

'  No,  no,'  said  they  '  beer  we  shall  give  you  none, 

Tou  saucy,  drunken  vagabond,  begone ! ' 

At  length  (with  much  ado)  some  beer  he  got, 

And  quickly  he  returned  the  empty  pot ; 

And  straightway  then  into  the  hall  went  he, 

And  said,  he  wished  her  ladyship  to  see. 

*  You  can  by  no  means  see  her,'  answered  they, 
'  She  is  newly  married !  'tis  her  wedding  day.' 

*  Married ! '  die  feigned  beggarman  replied, 

1  Then  I'll  not  go  till  I  have  seen  the  bride,' 
Then  towards  the  dining-room  his  course  he  bent ; 
The  servants  quick  pursued  with  one  consent, 
And  seised  him,  with  intent  to  turn  liim  out. 
4  Come  back,  you  villain ;  what  are  you  about  ? ' 

*  About  my  business,  to  be  sure,'  quoth  he ; 
'  The  room  I'll  enter  and  the  bride  I'll  see : 
'We'll  see  you  out  of  doors,'  the  servants  said! 
And  now  of  course,  a  clam'rous  din  they  made. 
Just  then,  the  bride,  on  hearing  such  a  clatter, 
Open'd  the  door  to  see  what  was  the  matter. 
This  noble  beggar,  thus  obtained  a  sight 

Of  her  who  erstwhile  was  his  heart's  delight ! 
He  viewed  her  in  her  nuptial  garments  dress'd, 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

And  did  of  her  a  glass  of  wine  request, 

Which  she  denied — who  little  did  suppose 

The  ragged  stranger  was  her  wealthy  spouse. 

Then  straight  into  the  dining  room  he  went, 

And  down  he  sat  among  the  guests,  content. 

Says  he,  *  You'll  grant  me  my  request,  I  know ; 

A  glass  of  wine  I'll  have  before  I  go.' 

The  bride,  at  length,  complied  with  his  request, 

Thus  thinking  to  dispatch  their  ragged  guest, 

But  when  he  did  this  glass  of  wine  obtain, 

He  drank  and  filled,  and  drank  and  filled  again. 

The  guests,  astonished  and  disgusted,  view'd, 

Whilst  he  proceeded  to  be  far  more  rude ; 

Around  the  bride's  fair  neck  he  threw  his  arm, 

And  gave  a  kiss,  which  did  her  much  alarm/ 

On  him  she  frown'd,  and  threaten'd  him  with  law, 

Says  he,  ( Your  threats  I  value  not  a  straw ; 

My  conduct  to  reprove  is  all  in  vain, 

For  what  I've  done  I  mean  to  do  again. 

Madam,  your  bridegroom's  in  an  awkward  case, 

This  night  I  do  intend  to  take  his  place. 

And,  while  upon  her  countenance  he  pores, 

The  guests  agree  to  kick  him  out  of  doors. 

1  The  deuce  is  in  the  beggarman,'  they  cried ; 

1  He  means  to  either  beg  or  steal  the  bride.' 

•No,  no,'  says  he,  « I  mean  to  claim  her  as  my  own.' 

He  smil'd,  and  then  he  did  himself  make  known ; 

Saying,  '  William  Wentworth  Blackett  is  my  name. 

For  my  long  absence  I  am  much  to  blame ; 

But  safe  and  sound  I  have  returned  at  last, 

So  let's  forgive  each  other  all  that's  past.' 

The  bride  did  her  first  bridegroom  recognize, 

With  joy  transported,  to  his  arms  she  flies : 

And,  whilst  they  each  other  tenderly  kiss, 

The  disappointed  bridegroom  they  dismiss ; 

Who  inwardly  did  his  hard  case  lament, 

Hung  down  his  head,  and  out  of  doors  he  went. 

*  I'm  robb'd  of  this  fair  jewel,  now,'  thinks  he ; 

*  How  cruel  is  this  tender  spouse  to  me ! ' 
Awhile  he  scratched  his  head,  then  heaved  a  sigh : 
Then  eyed  the  hall  again,  and  wiped  his  eye. 

Sir  WiUiam  freely  did  forgive  his  wife ; 

They  lived  together  till  the  end  of  life. 

My  honest  story  I  must  now  conclude ; 

Which  may,  by  some,  be  as  a  fiction  view'd ; 

But,  Sirs,  the  boots  in  which  Sir  William  went, 

Are  kept  in  memory  of  that  event ; 

The  very  hat  he  wore,  preserved  has  been 

At  Bretton  Hall — where  they  may  yet  be  seen. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  5 

YORKSHIRE  M.Ps.  in  1758.     Ebor,  30  Menders. 

County. — Rt.  Hon.  Sir  Conyers  D'Arcy,  of  Aske,  Privy  Coun. 
Served  in  six  parliaments.  [Not  necessarily  for  same  consti- 
tuency.] Rt.  Hon.  Henry  Pleydei  Dawney,  Vise.  Downe,  in 
Ireland;  Cowick,  Yorkshire;  F.R.S. ;  chosen  in  April,  1750,  in 
the  room  of  Sir  Miles  Stapylton ,  who  was  made  a  Commissioner 
of  the  Customs. 

York. — William  Thornton,  of  Cattal,  Esq.  George  Fox,  of 
Bramham  Park,  Esq.,  and  of  East  Horsley,  in  Surrey.  Served 
in  three  parliaments. 

Kingston-upon-Hull. — Rt.  Hon.  Lord  Robert  Manners,  half- 
brother  to  the  Duke  of  Rutland,  Col.  of  a  Regiment  of  Foot, 
Lieut.  Gov.  &c,  of  Walcot,  Lincolnshire.  Thomas  Carter,  of 
Redbourn,  co.  Lincoln,  Esq. 

Knabesborough. — Sir  Henry  Slingsby,  of  Red  House,  Bart. 
Served  in  six  parliaments.  Hon.  Richard  Arundel,  of  Allerton 
Mauleverer,  Esq.,  F.R.S.,  Treasurer  of  His  Majesty's  Chamber, 
and  Clerk  of  the  Pipe  in  H.  Maj.  Exchequer  for  life.  Served 
in  six  parliaments. 

Scarborough. — Edwin  Lascelles,  Esq.,  (son  to  Henry  Las- 
celles,  Member  for  Northallerton),  of  Gawthorpe  Hall.  Served 
in  two  parliaments.  Roger  Handasyd,  of  Gaynes  Hall,  co.  Hunt., 
Esq.,  Lt.  Gen.  and  Col.  of  a  Regiment  of  Foot.  Served  in  four 
parliaments. 

Ripon. — William  Aislabie,  of  Studley  Park,  Esq.,  one  of  the 
Auditors  of  the  Imprest  for  Life,  and  Principal  Registrar  of  the 
the  Archbp's.  Consistory  Court  at  York.  Served  in  six  parlia- 
ments. Sir  Charles  Vernon,  of  Famham,  Surrey,  Kent. 
Served  in  three  parliaments. 

Richmond. — John  Yorke,  of  Richmond,  Esq.  Rt.  Hon. 
William  Kerr,  Earl  of  Ancram,  son  and  heir  to  Marquis  of 
Lothian,  chosen  in  the  room  of  Sir  Conyers  D'Arcy,  who  made 
his  election  for  the  County. 

Heddon. — Luke  Robinson,  Esq.,  Counsellor-at-Law.  Two 
parliaments.    Sir  John  Savile,  of  Methley,  K.B.,  LL.D. 

Boboughbridge. — Hon.  Will.  Murray,  Esq.,  Solicitor  Gen- 
eral. Uncle  to  Lord  Visct.  Stormont.  Two  parliaments. 
Hon.  George  Monson  Watson,  Esq.,  brother  to  Lord  Monson, 
chosen  in  April,  1750,  in  the  room  of  the  Earl  of  Dalkeith, 
deceased. 

Malton. — Hon.  Henry  Finch,  Esq.,  youngest  brother  to  the 
Earl  of  Winchelsea,  Surveyor  General  of  His  Majs.  Board  of 
Works,  F.R.8.  Served  five  parliaments.  John  Mostyn,  Esq., 
Col.  in  Foot-Guards,  Groom  of  the  Bedchamber  to  His  Majesty, 


6         YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

brother  to  Sir  Thomas  Mostyn,  Member  for  Flintshire.    Served 
two  parliaments. 

Thibsk. — Thomas  Frankland,  co.  Backs,  Esq.,  Capt.  in  Navy. 
Served  two  parliaments.  Bt.  Hon.  Wm.  Monkton,  Lord  Visct. 
Galway,  Beceiver-General  of  H.  M's.  Fee-farm  Bents  in  the 
six  Northern  Counties,  before  in  this  parliament  for  Pontefract, 
and  chosen  for  Thirsk  in  the  room  of  Frederick  Frankland, 
Esq.,  made  a  Commissioner  of  the  Bevenue  in  Ireland,  in 
March,  1749. 

Aldbobough. — Andrew  Wilkinson,  of  Borougnbridge,  Esq., 
Storekeeper  of  the  Ordnance.  Three  parliaments.  Nathaniel 
Newnham,  Jan.,  Esq.,  co.  Sussex,  brother  to  the  Member  for 
Queenborough.    Served  two  parliaments. 

Beverley. — Charles  Pelham,  Esq.,  co.  Lincoln.  Served  in 
five  parliaments.  Sir  Wm.  Codrington,  of  Dodington,  co. 
Gloucester,  Bart. 

Nobthallebton. — Henry  Peirse,  of  Bedal,  Esq.  Five  pari. 
Daniel  Lascelles,  Esq.,  chosen  in  March,  1752,  in  the  room  of 
his  father,  Henry  Lascelles,  Esq.,  who  accepted  a  place. 

Pontefbact. — George  Morton  Pitt,  of  Twickenham,  Esq. 
Served  in  three  parliaments.  Bobert  Monckton,  Esq.,  Col.  of 
a  Beg.  of  Foot,  chosen  in  November,  1751,  in  the  room  of  his 
father  John  Vise.  Galway,  who  was  chosen  in  Dec.  1748,  in  the 
room  of  his  son  William,  now  Vise.  Galway,  who  accepted  a 
place,  and  was  re-chosen  for  Thirsk. 

Thos.  Lister,  of  Gisburne  Park,  Esq.,  was  one  of  the  Mem- 
bers for  Clithero.  Edward  Wortley,  of  Wortley  Hall,  sen., 
Esq.,  sat  for  Peterborough.  John  Hill,  of  Thornton,  near 
Malton,  Esq.,  Governor  of  Scarborough  Castle,  F.B.S.,  repre- 
sented Higham-Ferrers.  Sir  Lionel  Pilkington,  of  Stainley, 
Bart.,  had  sat  for  Horsham  from  December,  1748,  in  the  room 
of  Charles  Ingram,  senr.,  Esq.,  deceased.  Charles  Ingram, 
Esq.,  Nephew  to  Lord  Yisct.  Irwin,  was  the  other  Member  for 
Horsham.  Sir  John  Bamsden,  of  Byram,  near  Ferrybridge, 
Bart.,  was  a  Member  for  Appleby.  Thomas  Duncombe,  of 
Duncombe  Park,  Esq.,  became  M.P.  for  Down  ton  in  April, 
1751. 

Some  of  the  places  then  represented  in  Parliament  are  mere 
hamlets,  and  the  choice  of  members  was  frequently  vested  in 
one  family.  The  Nobility  had  a  great  number  of  seats  at  their 
disposal.  Gband  Old  Man. 


Bevulby  and  its  Saint. — "Upon  the  taking  up  of  a  thick 
marble  stone,  lying  in  the  middle  of  the  choire  of  Beverley,  in 
Yorkshire,  neare  the  entranoe  into  the  choire,  was  found  under 


Y0BK8HIRE  NOTE8  AND  QUERIE8.         7 

it  a  vault  of  squared  free-stone,  five  foot  in  length,  two  foot  in 
breadth  at  the  head,  and  one  foot  and  a  half  at  the  foot.  In 
this  vault  was  discovered  a  sheet  of  lead,  four  foot  in  length, 
containing  the  dftst  of  St.  John  of  Beverley,  as  also  six  beades, 
three  of  which  were  cornelian,  the  other  crumbled  to  dust. 
There  were  also  in  it  8  great  brass  pins,  and  4  iron  nayles. 
Upon  this  sheet  of  lead  was  fixed  a  plate  of  lead,  whereon  was 
this  following  inscription,  a  copie  of  which  was  sent  to  A.  W. 

Anno  ab  incarnatione  Domini  mclxxxviii  (1188),  combusta  fuit 
iuec  ecclesia,  in  mense  Stpt,  in  sequenti  nocte  post  Festum  Sancti 
Mattiuri  Ajtosttdi,  et  in  anno  vcxcvn.  (1197),  vi  Id.  Martii,  facta 
fiat  Inqumtii  Heliquutrum  Bead  Johannu  in  hoc  loco,  et  inrenta 
*unt  httc  <Huta  in  orienUili  parte  Sepulchri,  et  hie  recondita,  et  pulvi* 
cemento  mijrtus  ibidem  inventus  <C  reconditm. 

A  box  of  lead,  about  7  inches  in  length,  six  inches  broad, 
and  five  in  height,  did  lay  athwart  the  plate  of  lead.  In  this 
box  were  divers  pieces  of  bones  mixt  with  dust,  yielding  a  sweet 
smell.  Sep.  14,  1664."— Life  of  Ant.  a  Wood.  The  *  sweet 
smell '  reminds  us  of  a  Yorkshireman's  story.  An  antiquary 
had  carefully  preserved  the  ashes  of  his  grandfather  in  a  small 
urn  on  the  mantel-piece,  but,  to  his  consternation,  a  rude 
Torkshireman,  who  took  a  fancy  to  this  snuff, '  snooked'  all  the 
precious  dust  up. 


Extinct  Yobkshibe  Magazines. — Just  a  century  ago  the  first 
Yorkshire  Magazine  was  started.  It  consisted  of  thirty-two 
pages,  monthly,  8vo.,  in  double  columns.  No.  1,  "  The  York- 
shire Magazine  for  January,  1786,"  opens  with  a  letter  to  the 
Editors  from  E.  (of  York),  who  writes — "I  have  sometimes 
thought  it  a  matter  of  surprize,  that  a  publication  of  the  above 
kind  has  never  yet  been  attempted  here.  The  extensiveness  of 
the  County  of  York,  its  population,  the  celebrity  of  its  capital, 
its  distance  from  the  Metropolis,  are  all  considerations  favour- 
ing the  attempt,  and  leave  little  room  to  fear  its  being  success- 
ful. A  similar  work  published  at  Edinburgh,  and  continued 
for  some  time ;  and  another  lately  begun  at  Newcastle,  are  the 
only  attempts  of  the  kind,  that  I  know  of,  out  of  London. 
Magazines  are,  especially  at  this  day,  read  with  avidity,  parti- 
cularly by  young  people."  Notwithstanding  this  favourable 
opening  "The  Yorkshire  Magazine,  or  Universal  Repository 
of  Arts,  Sciences,  and  various  other  branches  of  Polite  Litera- 
ture, for  the  Year  1786,"  as  the  engraved  title  reads,  ran  only 
one  year.  The  last  three  lines  of  the  Preface  to  this  Sixpenny 
Magazine  we  venture  to  appropriate  for  our  venture  of  1886 : 
M  77m*  aid  of  the  curious  and  candid  is  earnestly  solicited,  as  every 
article  of  instruction,  information,  and  entertainment,  which  comes 
recommended  by  merit r  wilt  ahcays  demand  a  place." 


S  YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

A  generation  passes  away,  and  then  another  attempt  is  made 
nnder  the  style — "Northern  Star,  or,  Yorkshire  Magazine," 
No.  1,  July,  1817.  This  was  a  venture  of  eighty  pages  monthly, 
and  emanated  from  Sheffield.  This  was,  in  every  sense,  greatly 
superior  to  its  predecessor,  and  is  very  highly  valued  for  its 
intrinsic  worth  now,  and  must  have  commanded  admiration 
then.  It  was  'embellished,'  like  its  forerunner,  but  in  a  much 
superior  style,  and  with  more  attractive  subjects.  From  the 
first  number  we  cull  a  short  paragraph,  and  would  ask  our 
Readers'  favours  in  like  manner :  There  are  very  fete  toicns  which 
do  not  2>088e*8  a  something  peculiar  to  themselres.  They  hare  eitlter 
some  interesting  piece  of  antiquity;  some  modern  edifice;  some 
relit fious  estttblishment ;  some  foundation  or  chanty  school ;  or  they 
possess  some  character,  which  either  is,  or  has  been,  remarkable  for  its 
eccentricity,  its  literature,  its  patriotism,  or  some  other  quality,  by 
which  it  stands  distinguished  from  the  general  mass  of  inhabitants. 
For  notices  of  such  singularities  either  in  places  or  in  jtersons,  as  well 
as  for  the  account  of  tlie  vegetable  or  mineral  productiotis, — the  agri- 
culture or  manufactures  of  any  jtarish  or  district ;  the  Editors  must 
solicit  the  communications  of  tlteir  Fiiends"  The  title  page  runs: 
"  The  Northern  Star,  or,  Yorkshire  Magazine :  a  Monthly  and 
permanent  Register  of  the  Statistics,  Literature,  Biography, 
Arts,  Commerce  and  Manufactures  of  Yorkshire,  and  the 
adjoining  Counties."  This  valuable  work  ran  to  a  third,  or 
part  of  a  fourth  volume,  that  is,  lived  nearly  two  years,  and, 
alas !  died  of  heart-disease. 

Nearly  two  generations  pass  away,  and  to  the  family  mem- 
orial tablet  must  be  added  the  record  of  the  birth  and  death  of 
the  third  child, — "The  Yorkshire  Magazine,"  or  as  the  full 
title  reads  "The  Yorkshire  Magazine,  a  Monthly  Literary 
Journal;"  bora  October,  1871,  and  ushered  into  the  world 
by  The  Yorkshire  literary  Union,  Limited.  Its  favourite 
flower  was  the  White  Rose,  which  even  blossomed  at  Christmas. 
Bradford  was  its  home,  and  there  it  struggled  on  until  June, 
1875,  when  No.  89,  or  No.  8  of  the  fourth  volume  proved  its 
death-stroke.  The  main  feature  of  this  child's  character  was 
story-telling,  though  many  valuable  archaeological,  biblio- 
graphical, biographical  apd  poetical  contributions  were  promin- 
ent :  embellishments  very  scarce. 

Eight  years  passed  by,  and  a  fourth  "  Yorkshire  Magazine  " 
was  anounced,  but  this  was  almost  strangled  at  its  birth,  for 
the  title  had  been  transferred  to  a  Bradford  printer,  who  en- 
closed about  a  dozen  pages  of  London  matter  in  a  quarto  cover, 
endorsed  "  Yorkshire  Magazine."  The  true  child  was  born  in 
December,  1888,  and  bore  the  name  "Yorkshire  Illustrated 
Monthly.'1  It  lived  until  August,  1884,  and  then  died  of  teeth- 
ing in  the  town  of  Bradford,  where  the  unhappy-titled  London- 
Yorkshire  (penny)  Magazine  still  lingers.    The  Editor  hereof 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.  9 

issued  The  Isocal  Magazine  about  1871,  which  lived  two  full 
months,  and  cost  'a  bonny  penny.'  There  has  been  great 
mortality  amongst  Yorkshire  Serials,  especially  of  late.  "  The 
Yorkshire  Wonderful  Magazine,  or  Notes  from  my  Scrap  Book," 
(Bradford  again !)  opened  its  pages — like  our  own — to 

Archaeology,  Antiquities,  Apparitions,  and  Amulets. 

B  ibliography,  Biography,  and  Ballads. 

C  uriosities,  Country  Customs,  and  Charms. 

D  ialects,  Dark  Deeds  in  History,  and  Deeds  of  Daring. 

E  pitaphs,  Eccentric  Characters,  Earthquakes,  and  Volcanoes. 

Folk  Lore,  Fearful  Crimes,  Famous  Men  and  Women. 

G  arlands,  Garters,  Great  Battles,  Great  Sieges,  Inventions. 

H  istorical  Facts,  Heathen  Mythology,  and  Humorous  Sketches. 

I  nteresting  Truths,  Impostors,  and  Impositions. 

J  okes  of  Great  Men,  Jests. and  Jesters. 

K  ings,  King's  Evil,  Knaves,  and  Knavery. 

L  ocal  Legends  and  Local  History. 

M  ysteries,  Mutinies,  Murders,  and  Marriage  Customs. 

N  ature  and  Art,  Naval  and  Military  Heroes. 

Origins,  Old  Pedigrees,  Old  Coins,  and  Belies. 

P  opular  Tumults,  Proverbs,  Plays,  Players,  and  Pestilences. 

Queer,  Quaint,  and  Quiet  Men  and  Women,  Quacks,  and 
Quackery. 

Rhymes,  Becords,  Bings,  Boman  Belies,  Riots,  and  Rebellions. 

S  uperstition,  State  Secrets,  Sages,  Saints,  and  Scamps. 

Traditions,  Topography,  Topical,  Trophies,  Tempests,  and 
Tumults. 

Unabolished  Laws,  Uncaught  Scamps,  Undaunted  Heroes, 
and  Unmerciful  \  Uains. 

Visions,  Verdicts,  Veterans,  Villainy  Unpunished,  Valour  Un- 
rewarded, and  Valorous  Deeds. 

W  eather  Wisdom,  Wise  Sayings,  Wills,  Witches,  and  Witch- 
craft. 

X  cellent  Traits  in  Character. 

Yorkshire  Customs,  Yorkshire  Belies,  Nature,  and  Art. 

Zoography,  Zoology,  and  Zoophytes/' 

With  such  formidable  brain-power  and  a  small  stomach  there 
is  no  wonder  that  it  died  with  the  fifth  issue,  having  the  word 
"  Monthly  "  substituted  for  "  Wonderful." 
To  be  continued. 


Stanbttoy  Quaker  Register,  ( Haworth).  Pages  1  &  2  lost, 
and  Title  page  damaged.  Page  8.  The  birth  of  Joseph  Turner 
the  son  of  Jonas  Turner  the  :  80  :  10  :  month  Jan.  1668 

The  birth  of  Johnathan  Smith  the  Sonn  of  Joseph  Smith 
the  :  28  :  of  the  :  12  :  month  in  the  year  1668 


10  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

The  birth  of  Annah  Tayler  the  donghter  of  John  Tayler  the  : 
4  :  day  of  the  :  9  :  month  in  the  year  167 — 

The  birth  of  Joshua  Crabtre  the  son  of  Richard  Crabtre  the 
:  15  :  day  of  the  :  6  :  month  in  the  year  1682 

The  birth  of  Nathan  Clayton  the  sone  of  Nathan  Clayton 
half  an  hour  past  Twelve  a  Clock  in  the  night  Seqen  befor  the 
:  16  :  day  of  the  :  11  :  month  in  the  year  1685. 

4  k  5  missing.  On  page  6 — The  birth  of  Richard  Crabtre 
the  son  of  Richard  Crabtre  the  :  20  :  day  :  6  :  month  in  the 
year  1692    (This  is  the  last  entry  of  births.) 


GDonsartung*  ilj*  JEarriag*  of  tlje  ptopl*  of 
ill*  lorfc  at  $ta|&blrarg. 

fforasmuch  as  it  hath  bene  Appearantly  manefest  before  vs  this 
day  Who  are  here  met  together  at  the  house  of  Joseph  Smiths 
in  Standbury  to  Wait  vpon  the  lord  to  be  tought  of  him  in  the 
pish  of  haWorth  k  County  of  york  that  Jonas  Turner  of  Lou- 
denden  in  the  pish  of  Halifax  k  County  of  Yorke  hath  taken  to 
Wife  Grace  Heaton  the  doughter  of  Nathan  Heaton  of  Stan- 
dbury in  the  pish  of  Haworth  k  above  Said  County  before  vs  k 
in  our  prsence  as  we  are  eye  Witteneses  whose  names  are  vnder 
Written  this  :  80  :  day  of  the  :  2  :  month  in  the  year  of  our 
lord  :  16G5 : 

JONAS  SMITH        JOSEPH  SMITH 

JOHN  TAYLOR       JOHN  PIGHEL8 

To  all  people  to  whome  this  prsent  Writing  shall  Consarn 
this  may  Certifie  you  that  William  Smith  of  Cloughbank  in  the 
pish  of  Eighley  k  County  of  York  husbandman  this  :  9  :  day  of 
the  :  8  :  month  in  the  year  of  our  lord  :  1679 :  hath  taken  to 
Wife  Susan  Smith,  of  Standbury  Within  the  pish  of  Bradford 
k  County  aforsaid  Spinster  before  a  lawfull  assembley  of  people 
at  the  house  of  Jonas  Smiths  of  Standbury  in  the  aforsaid 
County  the  said  William  Smith  k  Susan  Smith  having  publishd 
the  intents  of  this  marrage  seuerall  times  before  according  to 
the  order  now  vsed  amongst  Christeans  Within  this  our  Realmo 
Afrinds  k  Relations  of  both  pties  being  prsent  k  the  thing 
being  done  with  their  genarall  Consent  in  Wittness  where  of 
vnto  the  pties  aboue  mentiond  haue  joyntly  put  to  their  hands 
the  day  k  year  aboue  Written 

-SMITH        SMITH 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  11 

On  the  back  of  p.  4,  in  one  handwriting : 
The  Wittoeses      ■         for  William  k  Susan  Smith 
Jonas  Smith  John  Smith 

Susan  Smith  Ghristopr  Smith 

Sarah  Smith  Grace  Smith 

Ellin  Smith  Mary  Taylor 

John  Pighells  Thomas  Taylor 

John  Clayton  Thomas  Pearson 

John  Brigg 


Gonsarainge  th*  Stefmng*  ©f  tlft  $topk  of 
®lj*  Jtovb  at  JltanbimriJ 

In  the  :  11  :  month :  1661 : 

The  Constable  haueinge  a  war  ante  to  bringe  in  to  the 
Sessions  such  persons  as  meet  together  Contrary  to  the  Lawes 
of  the  nation  which  came  not  to  their  Chourch  Soe  Caled  and 
Soe  by  his  Warrant  apprehendes  Christopher  Smith  John 
Jessop  Jonas  Smith  John  Pighels  John  Clayton  Bobart  Clayton 
William  Clayton :  Bobart  Clayton  William  Clayton  and  being 
brought  before  the  Justises  at  the  Sessions  at  Wakefield  and 
the  oth  of  aleagense  tendered  to  them  and  they  Could  not 
Sweare  for  Consience  sake  was  Comitted  to  the  gaile  at  Yorke 
and  pute  in  amongest  to  felons  because  they  Could  not  hire 
Bewmes  and  beinge  soe  thronge  that  they  Could  not  lye  downe 
all  at  once  nor  not  haveinge  any  bedes  for  :  8  :  nightes  together 
and  then  the  gailor  beinge  trubled  Bemoued  them  into  better 
Bomes  and  soe  Bemained  prisonars  :  18  :  weekes  and  soe  being 
Caled  before  the  Judge  and  Bequired  to  obey  the  Kings  Lawes 
and  goe  to  there  Church  and  answers  beinge  made  that  they 
should  obey  all  Bightons  laws  but  unrightous  lawes  they  Could 
not  for  Consience  Sake  and  soe  haueing  a  debetation  made  to 
appeare  the  next  asises  went  to  there  outward  habetations  and 
did  appeare  the  next  asises  according  to  their  debetation  and 
was  Released. 

I  William  Clayton  being  at  a  meeting  at  Padeham  the  :  20  : 
day  of  the  :  7  :  month  1668  to  worship  the  Lord  in  Spirit  k  in 
truth  k  I  having  a  Word  of  Exortation  in  my  hart  to  speake 
vnto  the  people  there  mett  together  k  being  speaking  to  the 
people  there  Came  the  Constable  k  the  Preest  with  others  with 
a  Warrant  from  Colonal  Nowell  to  apprehend  some  of  us  k  the 
prest  Laid  vilant  hands  on  me  k  pulled  me  down  k  out  of  the 
meeting  and  Soe  pulled  me  into  the  towns  street  k  I  was  by 
the  Constable  and  others  brought  before  Thomas  Brauddell  k 
Thomas  Parker  Called  Justices  of  the  peace  for  Befusinge  to 
Sweare  was  Comited  to  the  goaill  at  Lonkaster  vntill  the  next 


12         YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

quarter  Sesions  lioulden  at  preston  in  Aroonderness  &  being 
brought  before  tbe  Justises  in  the  open  Sessions  &  there  being 
accused  to  haue  ben  at  an  vnlawfull  meeting  k  to  have  meet 
prseumptously  Contrary  to  the  Laws  of  the  nation  &  not  being 
permited  to  Reasan  with  them  but  the  Justises  being  filled  with 
Wrath  fined  me  in  fiue  pounds  And  for  Refusing  to  pay  the 
fine  was  comited  to  prson  for  thre  months  &  being  put  in  the 
hands  of  unreasonable  bailifs  to  be  Conuaied  to  the  house  of 
Corection  which  for  their  fees  &  Drnking  pulled  of  my  Coat  & 
Coneied  me  to  the  house  of  Corection  with  out  Coat  &  the 
gouernar  there  put  me  in  the  Dungon  fiue  dayes  &  fiue  nights 
vntill  modrat  people  of  the  towne  procured  my  Liberty  into 
better  Homes  &  thus  like  preist  like  Justise  Hke  bailiff  like 
gouerner  all  filled  with  wrath  &  conspired  together  to  punish 
the  Inosent  people  of  the  Lord  without  moderation  as  men  & 
without  mercy. 

The  Impropreator  of  bradforthdale  demanded  tith  wooll  & 
lambe  of  Christopher  Smith  of  Haworth  for  shepe  that  he  had 
&  Christopher  could  not  pay  tithe  for  Consience  Sake  there 
fore  the  Impropreator  Sued  him  at  the  Exch.  at  London  &  by 
a  writ  apprehended  Chris.  &  Christopher  was  Comited  to  prisan 
at  Pontifract  &  put  into  the  low  prisan,  &  Remained  prisan er 
fue  yeares 

Comited  :  8  :  month  1664     Released  :  9  month  1669 

William  Clayton  being  at  a  meeting  at  Halifax  the  :  22  :  day  of 
the :  5 :  month  (1669)  &  there  was  Apprehended  by  the  Constable 
brought  before  the  Justices  for  Refusing  to  take  the  oath  of 
Aleiganc  wa6  Comited  to  prisan  vntill  the  next  quarter  Sessions 
houlden  at  Wakefeld  &  there  was  brought  before  the  Justises  in 
the  open  Sessions  &  for  Refusing  to  take  the  oath  of  Aleigance 
was  Comitted  to  prisan  vntill  the  next  quarter  Sessions  holden 
at  Wakefeld  &  there  was  brought  before  the  Justises  in  the 
open  Sessions  &  there  being  a  bill  of  Inditment  drawn  ageanst 
the  said  William  for  being  at  an  vnlawfull  Asembley  at  Halifax 
as  aforsaid  &  is  found  by  the  Jurey  &  a  fine  of  forty  pounds 
was  Laid  upon  him  &  for  not  paying  the  said  fine  he  was  Com- 
itted to  prison  where  he  Remained  thre  years  &  thre  months  in 
all  &  then  was  Released  be  the  Kings  pardon  &  fiue  hundred 
more  in  the  Nation  of  England  dominion  of  Wals  &  town  of 
barweek  in  the  :  9  :  month  in  the  year  of  our  lord  :  1672 : 

Justis.  Will  Farrer  Will  batt  frasis  Whit  Sanforth  Neuell 
Edward  Copley  &  Will  Louther  Justises. 

And  Abraham  Tillitson  Constable  &  Thomas  Akroid  Churh- 
war.  did  make  distress  of  their  goods  &  did  take  goods  from 
Jonas  Smith  to  the  vallew  of  forty  shillings  &  from  William 
Clayton  goods  to  the  vallew  of  forty  Shillings  the  :  14  :  day  of 
the  :  5  :  month  1696  &  made  Saill  of  the  goods  &  Returned  the 
oner  plush  to  Jonas  Smith  Sixpence  &  to  William  Clayton 
Seuen  Shillings  in  goods. 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.         18 

•  Joseph  Smith  being  at  a  meeting  at  Halifax  the  :  22  :  day  of 
the  :  5  :  month  &  being  apprehended  by  the  Constable  & 
brought  before  the  Justises  &  for  Refusing  to  take  the  oath  of 
aleigens  was  Gomitted  to  prison  vntill  the  next  quarter  Sessions 
houlden  at  Wakefeld  &  there  being  brought  before  the  Justises 
in  the  open  Sessions  &  for  Refusing  to  take  the  oath  of  Aleig- 
anee  was  Comitted  to  prison  vntill  the  next  quarter  Sessions  & 
there  at  Wakefeld  was  brought  before  the  Justises  in  the  open 
Sessions  Was  seet  at  liberty  being  near  nine  months  prisoner 
being  Comitted  by  Will  farrer  Will  Batt  francis  Whitt  Edward 
Copley  &  Sanforth  Neuell  Justises  in  the  year  of  our  lord  :  1669 
ffrance  Pemberton  prest  of  Bradforth  demanded  Small  Tithes 
of  Jonas  Smith  &  William  Clayton  for  Twenty  years  past  & 
according  to  a  lat  act  of  parlament  mad  in  the  :  7  :  year  of  the 
Beigne  of  King  William  the  :  8  :  Called  an  act  for  the  Spedy 
Recouery  of  Small  Tithes  hath  prseeded  According  to  the  act 
to  make  his  Compleant  to  Robert  ffarrand  &  Beniaman  Wade 
Justises  of  the  peace  &  they  gave  forth  a  warrant  for  said  Jon. 
Smith  &  Will  Clayton  to  appear  before  them  to  shew  their 
Reasons  why  they  would  not  pay  Small  Tithes  &  Will  Clayton 
did  appear  &  shewed  his  Reasons  why  they  could  not  pay  Small 
Tithes  before  the  said  Justises  &  Two  prests  &  they  did  prseed 
to  giue  forth  a  Warrant  to  the  Constable  &  Church,  of  Haworth 
to  make  destress  of  tbe  goods  of  Jon.  Smith  &  Will  Clayton  for 
charges  &  all  of  Jon.  Smith  the  sum  of  11  5s  &  of  Will  Clayton 
11. 10s  lOd.     See  Eighley  the  ii 


(RonsJLnunge  &b*  Suriall  of  ®b*  Seab  JUt 
%\}t  taring*  plare  JUt  £ianbIrartT 

The  buriall  of  Sonn  Still  borne  to  Jonas  Smiths  the  :  8  :  day 
of  the  :  8  :  month  in  the  yeare  1656 

The  buriall  of  John  Jecorngill  the  :  28  :  day  of  the  :  6th  : 
month  in  the  yeare  1659 

The  buriall  of  Michell  Crosley  the  :  18  :  day  of  the  first 
month  in  the  year  1660 

The  buriall  of  Ellen  Smith  the  doughter  of  Christopher 
Smith  the  :  21th  :  day  of  the  :  10  :  month  in  the  yeare  1660 

The  buriall  of  margrat  Smith  the  Wife  of  Christopher  Smith 
the  :  8th.  day  of  the  :  2  :  month  in  the  year  1661 

The  buriall  of  Robart  Clayton  the  :  21 :  day  of  the  :  6  :  month 
in  the  yeare  1662 

The  buriall  of  Sarrah  Crosley  the  :  29  :  day  of  the  :  7 :  month 
in  the  year  1664 

The  buriall  of  Susan  Smith  the  wife  of  Jonas  Smith  the  :  11 
:  day  of  the  fourt  month  in  the  year  1681     [correct  date.] 


14  YOBKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUEBIE8. 

The  burial  of  Mary  Clayton  the  Wife  of  John  Clayton  the  : 
12  :  day  of  the  :  8  :  month  in  the  year  1667 

TJie  buriall  of  Ann  Smith  the  wife  of  Joseph  Smith  the  :  25 
day  of  the  :  8  :  month  in  the  year  1669 

The  buriall  of  Jonathan  Smith  the  son  of  Joseph  Smith  the 
:  11  :  day  of  the  :  8  :  month  in  the  year  1669 

The  buriall  of  Robert  Smith  the  sonn  of  Jonas  Smith  the  :  1 
:  day  of  the  :  6  :  month  in  the  year  1678 

The  buriall  of  Joseph  Smith  of  Standbury  the  :  22  :  day  of 
the  :  11  :  month  in  the  year  1676 

The  buriall  of  Martha  Smith  the  :  28  :  day  of  the  :  12  : 
monthe  in  the  year  1681 

The  buriall  of  John  Taylor  the  :  8  :  day  of  the  :  1  :  month  in 
the  year  1681 

The  buriall  of  Patieance  Taylor  the  Wife  of  John  Taylor  the 
;  9  :  day  of  the  :  1  :  month  in  the  year  1681 

The  buriall  of  Joseph  Turnar  the  sone  of  Jonas  Tttrnar  the  : 
9  :  day  of  the  :  9  :  month  in  the  year  1688 

The  buriall  of  Grace  Pighels  the  Wife  of  John  Pighels  the  : 
21  :  day  of  the  :  10  :  month  in  the  year  1685 

The  buriall  of  Grace  Pighels  the  donghter  of  John  Pighels 
the  :  18  :  day  of  the  :  11  :  month  in  the  year  1685 

The  buriall  of  John  Pighels  of  Standbury  the  :  6  :  day  of  the 
:  2  :  monthe  in  the  year  1685 

The  buriall  of  Mary  Clayton  the  doughter  of  John  Clayton 
the  20  day  of  the  :  8  :  month  1686 

The  buriall  of  Eline  Bobart  the  Wif  of  Joseph  Robart  the 
Twelft  day  of  the  ninth  month  in  the  year  of  our  lord  1686 

The  buriall  of  Sarah  Smith  the  doughter  of  Jonas  Smith  the 
:  16  :  day  of  the  :  8  :  month  in  the  year  1688 

The  buriall  of  Nathan  Clayton  the  Sixth  day  of  the  third 
month  in  the  year  1690 

The  buriall  of  Susan  Pighels  the  Leaventh  day  of  the  third 
month  in  the  year  1690 

The  buriall  of  Ann  Pighels  the  22  :  day  of  the  :  8  month  in 
the  year  1690 

The  buriall  of  Christopher  Smith  the  :  20  :  day  of  the  fourth 
month  in  the  year  1690 

The  buriall  of  Edmond  Turnar  the  twenty  fourth  day  of  the 
:  8  :  month  in  the  year  1690 

The  buriall  of  Martha  Clayton  the  wife  of  John  Clayton  the : 
20  day  of  the  first  month  in  the  year  1694 

The  burial  of  Bichard  Crabtre  the  sone  of  Riohard  Crabtre 
the  :  9  :  day  of  the  :  12  :  month  in  the  year  1694 

The  buriall  of  Elessabeth  Pighels  the  :  18  :  day  of  the  Tenth 
month  in  the  year  1694 

The  buriall  of  Bobart  Turner  the  :  26  :  day  of  the  :  10 : 
month  1694 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.         15 

The  bnriall  of  Martha  Widap  the  :  10  :  day  of  the  :  7  :  month 
1698 

The  bnrieall  of  Jonas  Smith  the  :  14  :  day  of  the  :  2  :  month 
in  the  :  82  :  year  of  his  age  1699 

The  Bnriall  of  Mary  Clayton  the  Wife  of  Michaell  Clayton 
the  :  21  :  day  of  the  :  2  :  month  in  the  year  of  onr  Lord  1699 

the  bnriall  of  John  Smith  the  20  :  day  of  May  1699 

The  Bnriall  of  William  Clayton  the  :  12  :  day  of  th  :  4  : 
month  1699 

The  bnriall  of  William  Clayton  the  5  day  of  th  8  month  in 
the  year  1700 

The  Bnriall  of  William  Pighels  the  :  8  :  day  of  th  :  9  :  month 
in  the  year  1700 

Sarah  Clayton  Widdow  to  Wm  Claton  Buried  the  16  day  of 
ye  9th  month  her  husband  died  in  1699  as  above  1700 

William  Clayton  of  Stanbnry  Taken  out  of  ye  Body  the  2d 
day  of  the  8th  month  and  buried  the  5th  of  the  same  1700 

Sara  Clayton  Wife  of  the  Same  William  Clayton  Taken  out 
of  the  Body  the  28th  of  the  9th  month  and  was  buried  the  3d 
of  the  10  month  1700 

Sara  Smith  Daughter  of  Jonas  Smith  of  Cold  Knowle  near 
Stanbnry  Taken  out  of  the  Body  the  28th  of  the  10th  month 
and  buried  the  27th  of  the  same  at  friends  burying  place  in 
Stanbnry  1700 

Jonas  Turner  of  Scoles  in  the  Parish  of  Eighley  and  County 
of  York  Buried  in  ye  Burying  place  in  Stanbnry  the  Day  of 
ye  5th  month  in  the  year  1705 

John  Clayton  near  Stanbnry  in  the  parish  of  Haworth  De- 
parted this  Life  the  28d  day  of  ye  2d  month  and  was  Buryed 
the  25th  of  ye  same  in  friends  Burying  plaoe  at  Stanbnry  1718 


Latter  Day  'Sinner,' — A  gravestone  in  Idel  Churchyard, 
now  turned  with  inscription  out  of  sight,  bears  the  follow- 
ing :  "In  memory  of  Lorenzo  de  Barnes,  who  died  Dec.  20, 

1840 He  was  a  native  of  the  United  States,  an  Elder  of  the 

Church  of  Jesus  Christ,  of  the  Latter  Day  Saints,  a  Member  of 
the  High  Priest's  Quorum  in  Zion's  Camp  in  the  year  1884. 
He  was  one  of  the  first  Gospel  Messengers  from  Novou  who 
has  found  a  grave  in  a  foreign  land. 

Sleep  on  Lorenzo  erelong  from  this 

The  conquered  grave  shall  yield  its  captive  prey, 
Then  with  thy  Quorum  shalt  thou  reign  in  bliss 
As  king  and  priest  to  an  eternal  day." 
The  grave  did  yield  his  body,  for  it  was  removed  one  mid- 
night about  1858,  by  leave  of  the  Home  Secretary,  we  presume, 
and  conveyed  to  America.  E.  Hutchinson. 


16        YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

A  Yorkshire  Scholarship  Examination. — Mr.  W.  Claridge, 
M.A.,  of  the  Grammar  School,  Bradford,  writes : — 

Will  you  allow  me  to  call  attention  to  the  present  administra- 
tion of  a  valuable  public  trust  ?  In  doing  so  I  wish  to  assure 
those  who  are  concerned  that  it  is  far  from  my  wish  to  com- 
ment on  the  past,  or  to  express  dissatisfaction  with  what  is 
beyond  recall,  but  simply  to  make  such  a  plain  statement  of 
fact  as  shall  lead  to  an  immediate  and  necessary  reform. 

The  Rev.  William  Akroyd,  rector  of  Marston,  near  York,  in 
1518,  founded  the  scholarship  in  question,  and  it  is  now  thrown 
open  to  competition  to  boys  of  Yorkshire  schools  who  are  pro- 
ceeding to  the  universities.  The  value  and  number  of  the 
scholarships  vacant  seem  to  vary  in  a  remarkable  way.  This 
year  there  was  one  vacancy.  The  examination  lasted  two  days. 
I  hope  that  the  following  account  of  the  examination  will  prove 
the  need  of  an  alteration  in  the  system.  On  the  first  day  three 
papers  were  set.  The  first — from  9.0  to  12.80 — was  a  Latin 
paper,  and  consisted  of  a  stiff  piece  of  "  prose,"  four  pieces  of 
"  unseen,"  from  Livy,  Cicero  de  Amicitia,  Catullus,  and  Lucre- 
tius, and  several  questions  on  grammar.  After  only  half-an- 
hour's  interval  a  paper  was  set  on  elementary  mathematics, 
and  lasted  from  1.0  to  8.80.  In  20  minutes  more  a  third 
paper,  on  history  and  geography,  was  set,  and  lasted  till  six. 
Here,  I  maintain,  were  two  errors  of  judgment.  It  is  prepos- 
terous— and  in  the  interests  of  the  candidates  we  are  bound  to 
protest  against  it — that  boys  should  undergo  a  severe  examin- 
ation for  nine  hours  together  with  only  two  short  intervals  of 
thirty  and  twenty  minutes  respectively.  The  other  error,  and 
it  is  one  which  every  classical  scholar  will  join  in  condemning, 
consists  in  including  "  prose,"  "  unseen  "  pieces,  and  grammar 
in  a  single  paper  which  was  intended  as  a  test  of  classical 
scholarship. 

On  the  second  day  there  were  again  three  papers.  The  first 
consisted  of  Greek  "  unseen,"  and  included  Demosthenes  adv. 
Leptinem,  Thucydides,  ^Eschylus  Prometheus  vinctus,  and 
Sophocles  (Edipus  Bex;  a  few  grammatical  questions  and 
about  eight  lines  of  "  prose  "  were  added.  The  second  paper 
consisted  of  French  and  German.  The  paper  announcing  the 
examination  said  French  or  German,  but  the  examiner  allowed 
candidates  to  do  both.  This  paper,  be  it  remarked,  was  much 
below  the  standard  of  the  Lower  Certificate  of  the  Oxford  and 
Cambridge  Board.  The  last  paper  was  in  higher  mathematics. 
Finally,  candidates  were  not  allowed  to  bring  away  with  them 
copies  of  the  questions. 

I  think,  Sir,  I  have  proved  my  case  that  there  is  urgent  need 
for  reform.  The  examination  as  at  present  conducted  gives 
absolutely  no  clue  to  the  real  abilities  of  the  candidates.  I 
venture  to  hope  that  those  who  have  charge  of  this  trust  will 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.         17 

see  that  next  year  the  examination  is  conducted  on  rational 
and,  I  may  add,  humane  principles. 

Ackboyd's  Exhibition,  (from  the  Liber  Scholasticus,  1829.) 
William  Ackroyd  by  his  will,  bearing  date  12th  September, 
1518,  willed  and  devised  that  Henry  Ackroyd  fend  Edmund,  his 
brother,  with  Henry  Draper,  and  other  feoffees,  who  then  occu- 
pied the  lands  and  tenements  of  him,  the  said  William  Ackroyd, 
should  keep  one  scholar  at  the  University  of  Oxford  or  Cam- 
bridge, until  the  end  of  the  world,  and  that  such  scholar  should 
be  near  unto  him,  the  said  William  Ackroyd.  in  blood,  and  of 
his  name ;  and  if  there  should  not  be  one  of  his  name  able  or 
fit,  the  said  Henry  Ackroyd  and  Edmund,  his  brother,  and 
Henry  Draper,  should  choose  one  able  and  fit,  near  to  him  in 
blood,  and  of  another  name ;  and  when  that  scholar  should  be 
there  beneficed  to  the  value  of  10  marks  per  annum,  the  feoffees 
should  keep  another  there  out  of  their  expenses,  to  the  value  of 
six  marks  and  one  noble  by  the  year,  and  not  above ;  and  if 
there  should  be  none  capable  of  his  blood,  the  feoffees  should 
choose  one  out  of  Marston  or  Hutton  who  was  able,  so  that 
there  should  be  always  one. 

By  an  inquisition  and  decree  of  commissioners  of  charitable 
uses,  bearing  date  the  22d  May,  1699,  after  reciting  the  will, 
and  that  it  had  been  found  by  the  jurors  that  one  Richard 
Nettleton,  and  others  therein  named,  had  acted  as  trustees  of 
the  lands  given  to  the  charitable  use,  lying  in  Batley,  being  of 
the  value  of  132.  10s.  per  annum,  without  any  authority,  and 
had  nominated  a  scholar  in  Cambridge  to  receive  the  rents  and 
profits  of  the  said  lands  in  Batley,  who  was  not  of  the  blood 
of  the  donor,  nor  belonging  to  Marston  or  Hutton ;  it  was  de- 
creed, that  Thomas  Crofts,  and  three  other  persons  therein 
named,  with  the  Rector  of  Long  Marston,  for  the  time  being, 
should  be  trustees  for  the  said  charitable  use,  and  that  they,  or 
the  greater  number  of  them,  should  from  time  to  time  demise 
the  said  lands  and  tenements  to  the  best  advantage  of  the 
seholar  so  to  be  sent  to  either  of  the  Universities,  and  should 
from  thenceforth  nominate  such  scholar,  pursuant  to  the  will, 
and  receive  the  rents  and  profits  of  the  premises,  and  pay  the 
same  according  to  the  true  intent  and  meaning  thereof;  and 
upon  every  departure  or  removal  of  such  scholar,  should  elect 
another,  so  as  always  to  keep  a  scholar  at  the  University ;  and 
thai  when  any  of  the  trustees  should  die,  the  survivors,  or  a 
majority  of  them,  should  elect  others  in  their  place,  so  that 
the  same  number  of  trustees,  and  no  more,  might  continue  for 
ever. 

The  present  trustees  of  the  charity  are,  Thomas  Perrott,  Esq., 

of  Sandford  Park,  Oxfordshire,  the  Rev.  Joseph  Smith,  Vicar  of 

Kirby  Moorside,  the  Rev.  Waite  Robinson,  Rector  of  Badenham, 

in  Herefordshire,  and  James  Croft,  Rector  of  Saltwood,  in  the 

y.n.q.  c 


18         YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

county  of  Kent,  and  Alexander  Origan,  D.D.,  the  present 
Rector  of  Long  Marston. 

From  a  manuscript  account  of  the  charity,  of  a  very  early 
date,  in  the  possession  of  one  of  the  trustees,  it  has  been  sup- 
posed that  the  property  comprised  in  the  bequest  or  devise  of 
the  said  William  Ackroyd,  consisted  of  lands,  lying  part  in  the 
parish  of  Batley,  and  part  in  that  of  Buerley,  in  the  West 
Biding  of  this  county ;  but  the  only  property  now  held  by  the 
trustees,  or  that  can  be  traced  into  their  possession  from  the 
time  of  the  inquisition  in  1699,  and  even  before  that  period,  is 
the  estate  of  Batley  therein  mentioned,  which  is  situate  near 
Leeds,  and  consists  of  four  ancient  houses,  a  barn,  and  sundry 
inclosures,  containing  all  together  82a.  1b.  18p.,  in  the  occupa- 
tion of  several  different  tenants  from  year  to  year,  at  the  annual 
rent  of  1081.  18*.  being  the  full  value. 

The  estate  is  under  the  management  of  an  agent,  who  receives 
and  applies  the  rent,  subject  to  necessary  out-goings,  to  the 
use  of  a  student  at  one  of  the  Universities  of  Oxford  or  Cam- 
bridge, who  continues  to  enjoy  the  same  as  an  exhibition,  for 
the  term  of  three  years  and  a  half,  when  another  is  appointed 
to  receive  the  benefit  of  it.  The  objects  of  the  charity  are  se- 
lected by  the  trustees  from  the  founder's  kin,  and  their  places 
are  supplied  as  vacancies  arise ;  but  from  the  distance  at  which 
several  of  the  trustees  reside  from  each  other,  some  incon- 
venience is  experienced  in  the  execution  of  the  trust. 

An  account  of  receipts  and  disbursements  is  kept  by  the 
agent,  Mr.  John  Moisier,  of  Huntington,  near  York,  and  the 
account  is  examined  and  audited  by  the  trustees  from  time  to 
time. 

Will  of  Sib  William  Akbboyd,  Priest. — In  the  name  of 
God,  Amen.  Sep.  12,  1518.  I,  William  Akeroyd,  sound  in 
mind,  but  old  and  weak  in  body,  do  make  my  will  in  this  man- 
ner: First,  I  bequeath  my  soul  to  Almighty  God,  and  the 
Blessed  Virgin  Mary,  and  to  All  Saints,  and  my  body  to  be 
buried  in  my  chancel  of  Marston,  otherwise  Hoton-Wandsly, 
by  the  body  of  my  mother.  Item,  I  bequeath  my  best  beast  to 
the  most  reverend  Father  in  Christ,  Lord  Thomas,  Cardinal  of 
Borne,  of  the  title  of  St.  Cecilia,  and  Archbishop  of  York,  or 
any  other  having  canonical  possession  of  that  See,  as  my 
Mortuary.  Item,  I  bequeath  to  a  fitt  Priest,  seven  marks  of 
good  lawful  money  of  England,  that  he  may  pray  for  my  soul, 
and  for  the  souls  of  my  parents,  and  all  my  benefactors,  for  the 
space  of  one  year  in  the  said  church ;  and  one  gradual,  and  two 
quarters  of  fine  flour,  to  the  four  Orders  of  Brethren  in  the  city 
of  York,  to  be  divided  amongst  them.  Item,  I  bequeath  two 
quarters  of  malt,  made  of  barley,  to  the  poor  of  my  parishioners. 
Excerpta  Antiqua. 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.         19 

Fire  op  London. — The  following  is  a  copy  of  a  letter  pre- 
served at  Shibden  Hall,  written  by  Mrs.  Phoebe  Lister  to  her 
son. 

Samuell. 

I  need  not  aquaint  yon  with  the  lamentable  acsedent 
that  hath  befalne  Londun.  I  know  yon  haue  heard  of  it  and 
indeed  it  is  a  most  heuy  judgement  not  only  upon  them  but 
upon  the  whole  land.  John  received  a  leter  this  day  from  my 
cosen  Thomas  he  saith  that  the  Lord  hath  delt  gratiously  with 
them  tho  their  house  be  burnt  yet  much  of  their  best  goods  is 
safe.  Thomas  Dicanson  hath  writ  to  Mr.  Palin  that  he  is  now 
redused  to  the  same  condition  he  was  at  first  and  where  as  he 
hath  been  able  to  releeve  others  he  fears  he  shall  now  nede  re- 
leefe.  I  suppose  yon  have  a  great  losse  with  the  rest  at  Blacwell 
Hall,  but  we  must  be  content  to  submit  to  the  wise  providence 
of  God,  and  as  we  have  had  a  hand  in  the  sin  that  hath 
brought  this  judgement  so  let  us  be  content  to  submit  to  the 
punishment.  I  would  not  have  you  discouraged,  but  trust  in 
the  Lord,  he  hath  bidden  us  cast  our  care  upon  him,  and  he 
will  certainly  prouide  for  his  in  these  said  prouidences.  I  have 
not  yet  heard  anything  of  Jerimie,  whether  he  be  alive  or  no. 
Remember  my  love  to  Mary,  and  to  all  our  frends  at  Shibden 
Hall  and  lower  brear. 

Your  louing  Mother, 

PHEBE  LISTER. 
Writ  whether  my  bridle  came  home  with  the  hors  or  no. 

The  letter  is  directed  at  the  back — 

For  Mr.  Samuel 

Lister,  at  Upper 

Brea,  nigh  Hallifax 
but  bears  no  mark  indicative  of  the  process  by  which  it  was 
conveyed  thither. 

Knighthood. — Mr.  John  Lister,  father  of  the  Samuel  above- 
mentioned,  was  fined  £10  for  declining  to  be  knighted  at  the 
coronation  of  Sing  Charles  the  First.  The  receipt  for  this  £10, 
of  which  the  following  is  a  copy,  is  preserved  to  this  day,  in  the 
family  records  at  Shibden  Hall. 

Sexto  die  mends  Octobris  annoqe  Regni  Eegno  Caroli  Anglice 
etc  Sexto  1630. 

Eboru.  Receaved  tlie  day  and  yeare  above  said  of  John 
Lister  of  North  Owram,  in  tlie  county  of  York  gent:  tlie  some 
of  Ten  pounds.  And  it  is  in  discharge  of  a  Composicon  by  him 
made  witli  my  selfe  and  others  his  mat  Comissioners  for  com- 
pounding the  fynes  and  forfeitures  for  not  attending  and 
receaveing  the  order  of  Knighthood  at  his  mat9  Coronacon 
according  to  the  lawe  in  that  case  provided.  I  say  receaved  tlie 
somme  of  x  lb.  Wbntwobthk.  J.H.T. 


20        YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

MEMBERS   OF  PARLIAMENT  FOR  YORK, 
17181882. 

General  Election,  1718— Sir  Wm.  Robinson,  Bt.,  1868, 
Robert  Fairfax,  Esq.,  885 ;  Tobias  Jenkins,  Esq.,  802.  Total 
votes— 8005. 

Gen.  EL,  1714— Robinson,  1888;  Jenkins,  1225;  Fairfax, 
844.  Total  8457.  Upwards  of  400  persons  were  admitted  to 
their  freedom  purposely  to  vote  for  Mr.  Jenkins.  Claimants  of 
freedom  by  patrimony  or  apprenticeship  have  now  to  give  a 
fall  month's  notice  of  claim,  and  can  vote  as  soon  as  admitted. 
Those  who  purchase  their  freedom  cannot  vote  for  twelve 
months. 

Gen.  EL,  1722.— Sir  Wm.  Milner,  Bt.,  1421;  Edward 
Thompson,  Esq.,  1899;  Sir  Tancred  Robinson,  Bt.,  1076. 
Total  8896. 

Gen.  EL,  1727.— Milner  and  Thompson.     Nem.  con. 

Gen.  EL,  May  1784.— Rt.  Hon.  Edward  Thompson,  re- 
elected, and  Sir  John  Lister  Kaye,  Bt.,  vice  Sir  W.  Milner. 

Gen.  EL,  May  18, 1741.— Rt.  Hon.  Edward  Thompson,  1447; 
Godfrey  Wentworth,  Esq.,  1825 ;  Sir  John  Lister  Kaye,  Bt., 
1815 :  Sir  Wm.  Milner,  Bt.,  1115.  Total  5202.  There  were 
only  27  single  votes,  which  were  given  to  Mr.  Thompson.  Sir 
W.  "Milner  withdrew  after  the  first  day. 

Election,  vice  Rt.  Hon.  Ed.  Thompson,  deceased,  8  July, 
1742.  Sir  John  Lister  Kaye,  Bt..  was  nominated,  but  declined 
next  day,  and  strenuously  recommended  George  Fox,  Esq., 
who  was  elected  on  the  21st,  and  great  rejoicings  took  place  on 
the  day  of  chairing. 

Gen.  EL,  June  27,  1747.— George  Fox,  Esq.,  re-elected. 
William  Thornton,  Esq.,  vice  Godfrey  Wentworth,  Esq.  Henry 
Ibbotson,  Esq.,  of  Leeds,  and  Mr.  Wentworth  retired. 

Gen.  EL,  April  15,  1754.— George  Fox-Lane,  Esq.,  was 
re-elected,  and  Sir  John  Armytage,  Bart.,  was  chosen  in  the 
room  of  Wm.  Thornton,  Esq.,  who  had  retired. 

Election,  1768,  consequent  on  the  melancholy  death  of  Sir 
John  Armytage,  who  lost  his  life  in  an  expedition  on  the  coast 
of  France.  Sep.  25th,  Wm.  Thornton,  Esq.,  was  nominated. 
Mr.  Robert  Lane,  son  of  Mr.  George  Fox  Lane,  of  Bramham 
Park,  came  to  an  agreement  to  withdraw,  but  broke  his  word, 
and  the  election  took  place  December  1st  to  7th.  Thornton, 
1289 ;  Robert  Lane,  994.  William  Jolliff,  Esq.,  of  Nunmonk- 
ton,  was  chaired  for  Mr.  Thornton. 

Gen.  EL,  March  27,  1761.— Sir  George  Armytage,  Bart., 
and  Robert  Lane,  Esq.,  who  were  chaired  in  usual  manner. 
Mr.  Fox-Lane  and  Mr.  Thornton  refused  re-nomination. 

Gen.  EL,  March  21,  1768.— The  Hon.  Lord  John  Cavendish 
and  Charles  Turner,  Esq.  Sir  George  had  declined  to  stand, 
and  recommended  Mr.  Turner,  of  Kirkleatham,  in  his  stead, 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.         21 

who  was  nominated  with  Mr.  Kobert  Lane.  Mr.  Lane  also 
withdrew  on  account  of  bad  health.  Great  feastings  took  place 
on  the  21st,  the  day  of  chairing. 

Gen.  EL,  October,  1774. — Lord  John  Cavendish  and  Mr. 
Turner  offered  their  services,  but  Martin  Bladen  Hawke,  Esq., 
son  of  Sir  Edward  Hawke,  Ent.,  who  had  petitioned  to  be 
admitted  to  the  freedom  of  the  city,  and  was  admitted  at  a 
house  held  at  Onse-bridge  Hall,  declared  himself  a  candidate. 
On  the  10th  of  October,  after  parading  the  streets  on  horseback, 
the  three  candidates  proceeded  to  Guildhall,  and  the  poll  began. 
A  mob  of  young  men  who  claimed  their  freedom,  but  had  not 
given  due  notice,  caused  such  commotion  next  day,  that  a  post- 
ponement took  place  for  that  day.  On  the  16th  the  votes 
stood— Turner,  828 ;  Cavendish,  807 ;  Hawke,  647 ;  Total,  2282. 
The  two  first  were  thereupon  chaired  through  the  principal 
streets  of  the  city.  Mr.  Hawke  had  537  plumpers,  and  only 
1419  polled. 

Gen.  El.,  Sep.  11th,  1780. — Lord  John  Cavendish,  and 
Charles  Turner,  Esq.,  unopposed.  Instead  of  balls  and  treats, 
they  gave,  through  their  committee,  a  considerable  sum  to  poor 
freemen. 

Election,  April  8,  1782. — Rt.  Hon.  Lord  John  Cavendish 
was  re-elected  without  opposition,  having  vacated  his  seat  by 
accepting  the  office  of  Chancellor  and  Under-Treasurer  of  H.M. 
Exchequer.  He  resigned  the  Chancellorship  in  July  1782,  on 
the  death  of  the  Marquis  of  Rockingham. 

Election,  April  8,  1788,  having  accepted  the  same  office 
again,  Lord  John  Cavendish  asked  re-election,  and  was  elected 
nem.  con.     Peregrine  Wentworth,  Esq.,  acted  as  his  proxy. 

Election,  Nov.  17th,  1788.— Vice  Sir  Charles  Turner,  Bart., 
deceased.  Charles  Slingsby  Duncombe,  Esq.,  was  nominated 
Oct.  81.  Lord  Visct.  Galway,  who  had  retired,  was  induced  to 
become  a  candidate,  and  Mr.  Duncombe  retired.  Lord  Galway 
was  chaired  Nov.  17th. 

Gen.  EL,  1784,  March  81— April  6th,  Lord  Visct.  Galway, 
1088 ;  Richard  Slater  Milnes,  Esq.,  1024 ;  Rt.  Hon.  Lord  John 
Cavendish,  918 ;  Sir  Wm.  Mordaunt  Milner,  Bart.,  812  ;  total, 
8882.    The  two  former  were  declared  duly  elected,  and  chaired. 

Gen.  EL,  June  18,  1790.— Richard  Slater  Milnes,  Esq., 
re-elected.  Sir  Wm.  M.  Milner,  Bart.,  vice  Lord  Galway, 
resigned.     Chaired. 

Gen.  El.,  May  27, 1796.— Sir  W.  M.  Milner,  Bart.,  and  R.  S. 
Milnes,  Esq.,  re-elected.     Chaired. 

Gen.  EL,  July  5,  1802.— Sir  W.  M.  Milner,  Bart.,  re-elected. 
The  Hon.  Lawrence  Dundas,  vice  B.  S.  Milnes,  Esq.,  who  had 
resigned  on  account  of  ill-health.     Chaired.     Great  feastings. 

Gen.  EL,  Oct.  81, 1806.    Milner  and  Dundas,  re-elected. 


22  YORKSHIRE    NOTE8    AND    QUERIES. 

Gen.  El.,  1807.— On  the  Nomination  Day,  May  7th,  Sir  W. 
M.  Milner,  and  Sir  Mark  Masterman  Sykes,  Barts.,  were 
declared  eleoted  by  show  of  hands,  but  the  Hon.  Lawrence 
Dundas  demanded  a  poll,  which  was  concluded  May  14th. 
Milner,  1454;  Sykes,  1816;  Dundas,  967.  Total,  8787. 
Number  of  Freemen  who  voted  was  2288.  The  two  Members 
were  chaired  as  usual. 

Election,  1811.—  Vice  Sir  W.  M.  Milner's  decease.  Hon. 
Lawrence  Dundas,  then  Lord  Mayor,  was  almost  unanimously 
approved.    Unopposed.    Chaired. 

Gen.  EL,  1812. — Dundas  and  Sykes,  unopposed.  Chaired 
Oct.  6th. 

Gen.  EL,  1818.— The  Hon.  L.  Dundas,  and  Sir  Wm.  Mor- 
daunt  Milner,  Bart.,  of  Nun-Appleton,  son  of  the  late  Sir 
William  M.  Milner,  who  had  faithfully  represented  York  in  five 
Parliaments,  were  invited  to  stand  nomination.  Sir  Wm.  de- 
clining, Wm.  Bryan  Cooke,  Esq.,  eldest  son  of  Sir  George 
Cooke,  Bart.,  of  Wheatley,  who  began  his  canvassing  five  days 
after  his  opponents.  Dundas  and  Cooke  secured  the  show  of 
hands,  but  Sir  M.  M.  Sykes  demanded  a  poll,  which  commenced 
on  Friday,  June  19th.  At  the  close  of  the  fourth  day,  Col. 
Cooke  withdrew.  Sir  M.  M.  Sykes  and  Aid.  Chaloner  (as  proxy 
for  Mr.  Dundas,  who  suffered  in  health  in  consequence  of 
heavy  domestic  affliction)  were  chaired.  The  numbers  stood  at 
the  end  of  the  fourth  day — Dundas,  1446;  Sykes,  1276 ;  Cooke, 
1055.  Sir  M.  M.  Sykes  had  902  plumpers.  The  list  of  voters 
has  been  printed. 

Gen.  EL,  1820,  March  8th- 18th.— Hon.  Lawrence  Dundas, 
1647;  Marmaduke  Wyvill,  Esq.,  1527;  Lord  Howden,  1201— of 
whom  1072  were  plumpers.  The  list  of  voters  was  published 
in  book  form. 

Election,  1820. — Hon.  Lawrence  Dundas  succeeded  to  the 
peerage  as  Lord  Dundas,  and  Robert  Chaloner,  Esq.,  was 
elected  June  28th. 

Gen.  EL,  1826.— The  '  Blue  party '  had  taken  measures  for 
regaining  their  share  in  the  representation  which  was  lost  in 
1820,  owing  to  the  late  appearance  of  Lord  Howden.  Col. 
Wilson,  of  Sneaton  Castle,  came  out  as  Blue  Candidate,  and 
was  returned,  with  Marmaduke  Wyvill,  Esq.,  the  Hon.  Thomas 
Dundas  having  retired  after  two  days'  canvass. 

Gen.  EL,  1880,  July  29th-August  8rd.—  Samuel  Adlam 
Bayntun,  Esq.,  (Tory),  1928 ;  Hon.  Thomas  Dundas,  1907 ; 
Hon.  E.  R.  Petre,  1792. 

Gen.  EL,  1881.— Reform  test.  Bayntun  and  Dundas  re- 
elected without  opposition. 

Gen.  EL,  1882.— First  Reform-Bill  Election.  The  poll, 
limited  now  to  two  days,  commenced  Dec.  11th.  The  result 
was  declared  on  the  18th.    Hon.  E.  R.  Petre,  1505 ;  S.  A. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


23 


Bayntun,  Esq,,  1140;   John  Henry  Lowther,  Esq.,  884 ;  Hon. 
Thomas  Dtmdas,  872. 

EBOB. 

%*  A  continuation  will  be  thankfully  received. — Ed. 


Incised  Memorial  Cross  Slabs  at  Ripley. — In  the  church- 
yard of  Ripley,  in  Nidderdale,  is  a  number  of  incised  memorial 
slabs,  brought  there  from  the  ruins  of  the  old  church,  or 
"Sinking  Chapel,"  which  formerly  stood  near  to  where  the 
railway  station  is  now  situate.  The  materials  of  the  old  church 
are  said  to  have  been  used,  about  a.d.  1400,  to  build  the  pre- 
sent structure. 


The  design  on  eight  of  the  slabs  is  similar  to  that  on  no.  2, 
in  the  sketch  appended ;  some  of  the  crosses  having  shafts,  and 
some  being  without.  Three  bear  a  cross  like  no.  4,  and  there 
is  one  of  the  pattern  shewn  in  no.  8.  Most  of  them  are  of  small 
size.  The  most  peculiar  of  the  slabs  bears  a  design  on  each 
side,  sketched  in  figure  1.  This  has  often  been  a  puzzle  to 
antiquaries,  and  doubtless  many  readers  besides  myself  would 
like  to  know  the  meaning  of  the  vessel  represented  on  it ;  and 
also  the  approximate  dates  of  all  the  designs.    S.  M.,  Calverley. 


ANCIENT  SESSION  NOTES  EXTRACTED  FROM 
THE  ORIGINALS. 

Pillory. — Whereas  James  Oiler  ton,  of  Bowling,  was  indicted 
at  these  Sess:  [Leeds,  July,  1677,]  for  a  comon  barracter, 
and  upon  his  travse  to  the  same  was  found  guilty — whereupon 
the  Corte  ordered  That  for  the  said  offence  he  should  stand  vpon 
the  comon  pillorye  at  the  mkt  townes  of  Leeds,  Bradforth,  and 


24         YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

Hallifax  on  the  next  market  dayes,  one  houre  at  each  towne 
each  day  between  the  homes  of  eleven  and  two  of  the  clocke, 
with  a  paper  sett  on  his  head  with  this  Inscription  in  Text 
letters  to  witt :  James  Ollerton,  a  comon  barracter,  and  then  be 
taken  to  gaol  at  York  Castle  till  he  find  sureties  for  good  behavr 
for  7  years. 

Poor  Belief. — John  Sharp,  aged  3,  son  of  Samuell  Sharp, 
of  Manningham,  late  soldyer  in  H.M.  service ;  petition  for  his 
relief  and  support,  1680. 

Ordered  that  the  Chwdns  and  Overseers  of  the  poor  of  Skip- 
ton  pay  and  allow  one  Mr.  Ann  Mott,  being  sprung  of  that  good 
family  of  the  Malhams,  five  shillings  monthly  being  now  growne 
into  great  want  and  necessity,  1680. 

Coal  Pit. — David  Hartley,  sinking  a  Colepitt  in  Barkerend 
in  Bradford,  by  misfortune  of  a  fall  of  earth  was  most  lamenta- 
bly crushed;  petitions  for  relief,  Wakefield,  October,  1687. 

Oaths. — John  Sharp  of  Alford,  Lincolnshire,  Clerk,  produced 
[Wakefield,  October,  1688,]  certificate  from  the  hands  of  the 
Vicar  of  Bradford  of  having  received  the  Sacrament,  and  then 
in  open  court  took  the  oaths  of  Allegiance  and  Supremacy  and 
subscribed  to  Test  Act. 

Eavesdropbeb. — Bichard  Whitehead,  of  Horton,  was  charged 
with  frequenting  the  house  of  Thomas  Wainwright,  innkeeper, 
Bradford,  as  an  eavesdropper.     Wakefield,  January,  1690 

CAKRIEB8,  Bates.—  Pontefract,  April,  1692,  rates  fixed  by  the 
Justices  according  to  the  late  Act  of  Parliament : 

London  to  Leeds,  Halifax,  &c,  Id.  per  pound  throughout 
the  year. 

London  to  places  twenty  miles  further  than  Leeds,  2d.  per 
stone  more  than  the  said  penny,  and  so  for  every  additional 
twenty  miles. 

York  to  Wakefield  or  any  place  twenty  miles  from  York,  2d. 
per  stone,  proportionable  by  greater  or  less  distance. 

By  Carts :  Leeds  to  Selby  and  Turnbridge:  a  truss  containing 
four  horse  packs— May-day  to  Mchlmas,  6s.  6d. ;  Mmas  to 
Xmas,  10s.  6d. ;  Xmas  to  May-day,  15s.  6d. ;  and  so  ac- 
cording to  weight  and  distance. 

Selby,  Turnbridge  to  Leeds,  &c,  May-day  to  Mchlmas,  12s. 
per  tunne ;  Mmas  to  Xmas,  18s.  per  tunne ;  Xmas  to  May- 
day, 24s.  per  tunne.  A  fine  of  £5  liable  to  be  imposed  if 
carriers  demanded  more. 

Fibes.— Edward  Bradley,  of  Horbury,  gent.,  late  captain  m 
royal  cause,  having  suffered  imprisonment,  and  had  four  con- 
siderable houses  accidently  burnt  downe  att  the  cittye  of  Yorke, 
petitions  for  grant  from  the  riding;  Pontefract,  1675. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  25 

Peticon  of  Richard  B&ttye  of  Kilnsey  to  the  magistrates  at 
Skipton,  1675, — "  Losse  of  goods  by  a  sudaine  accident  of  fire 
which  happened  unfortunately  for  to,  burne  all  the  dwelling- 
house  wherein  he  inhabited,  and  barne  together  with  much  of 
hie  household  stufle  and  other  goods  whereby  yor.  petr.  was 
quite  beggerd  and  ever  since  hath  suffered  great  misery  for  want 
of  some  residence  ;"*  petitions  for  relief  against  winter. 

On  Thursday,  April  1st,  there  hapned  a  sudden,  sad,  and 
lamentable  fire  at  Snaith,  betwixt  the  houres  of  twelve  and  one 
of  the  clock  in  the  night,  wch,  in  two  houres  time,  burnt  and 
consumed  eight  dwelling-houses  with  sevrall  barne s,  stables, 
kilnes,  and  other  outhouses,  together  with  the  goods  and  chat- 
tels of  yor.  petitioners,  the  losse  whereof  doth  amount  unto 
£1002  lis.  6d.,  as  shown  to  the  Hon.  Ld.  Yisct.  Downe.  Peti- 
tion, Pontefract,  April  1686,  that  justices  present  the  same  to 
his  Matie  and  his  honourable  Councill  to  the  end  yor.  petitioners 
may  obteyne  his  Matie's  Gratious  lettrs  Pattern  [patent,]  for 
the  gathering  the  charity  of  all  well  disposed  persons  in  the 
countyes  of  Yorke,  Lincoln  and  Nottingham. 

Doncaster,  January  1682,  vpon  consideracon  had  of  .ye  hum- 
ble petticon  of  Thomas  Oervas  of  Whiston  setting  forth  That 
vpon  Sonday  the  nyneteenth  day  of  November  last,  between  the 
houres  of  eleaven  and  twelve  of  the  clock  in  the  night  tyme, 
there  happened  a  soddayne  and  lamentable  fyre  in  said  Towne 
of  Whiston  first  beginning  in  the  dwelling-house  of  the  said 
Thomas  Gervas  without  any  propr.  fault  or  negligence  of  his 
owne  and  by  reason  of  a  great  wynd  in  a  short  time  burnt  to 
the  ground  the  dwelling-house  of  the  said  Thomas  Gervas  with 
all  the  out-houses,  kilne,  corne  chambers,  and  other  buildings 
conteyneing  nyneteen  bages  and  consumed  most  of  his  corne, 
hay  and  other  goods  whieh  did  amount  in  the  whole  to  £150. 
Ordered  a  collection  to  be  made  in  all  parish  churches  and 
chappells  in  the  riding,  and  the  ministers  there  are  desyred  to 
stirr  upp  their  people  to  contribute  freely  to  soe  pyous  a  work. 

Skipton,  July,  1684 ;  petition  for  the  King's  letters  patent  on 
account  of  loss  by  fire  at  Sicklinghall  in  Kirby  Overblow  of  28 
houses,  2  barns,  kilns,  &c,  valued  at  £1180  05  00.  and  value 
of  goods  lost  £843  12  00. 

Skipton,  July,  1690;  fire  at  Ffollyfoot,  four  houses,  four 
barns,  &c,  value  £516  17  06. 

Pontefract,  April,  1696 :  the  vallue  of  the  losse  of  ffewston 
Church  viewed  and  vallued  by  substantiall  workmen  whose 
names  are  hereunder  written  : 

Imp.  the  value  of  the  stone  worke,  plasteringe,  leading  and 
glasse  £855 ;  for  the  roofe,  £249  18s. ;  sleepers,  boards 
and  seats  in  ye  church  £110 ;  ye  pulpit,  reading  Box  and 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

bannisters  betwixt  ye  church  and  Quire  and  four  doores 
£9  00  09 ;  whole  losse  is  £728  18  09. 


The  Justices  sent  an  address  to  the  Lord  Keeper  of  the  Great 
Seale  respecting  the  great  and  suddain  fire  at  ffewston  Church 
through  the  negligence  of  the  plumber  who  was  repairing  the 
leads. 

Witchcraft. — Whereas  Michael  Woodhouse  of  Wadsley, 
Tayler,  for  professing  to  declare  where  stolen  goods  were  to  be 
found — being  a  breach  of  the  Statute  concerning  Witchcraft, 
has  failed  to  find  sureties  for  good  behaviour,  ordered  to  be  sent 
to  York  gaol  till  he  find  such  sureties.    Barnsley,  Oct.  1677. 

Margaret  Reyner,  of  Wentworth,  went  to  Michael  Woodhouse 
(just  mentioned,)  to  know  who  had  stolen  a  spoon,  and  he  des- 
cribed a  young  man.  He  demanded  a  shilling ;  she  gave  him 
fourpence,  all  she  had.     Oct.  1677. 

William  Wilkinson,  of  Parkgate  in  Ecclesfield,  bound  to 
answer  for  goeinge  to  a  Wizard  or  Wiseman  to  enquire  for  a 
shirt  which  hee  had  lost.    Don  caster,  1677. 

Scolds. — Whereas  Ann  wife  of  Henry  Greene  of  Cudworth, 
and  Ann  Anderson  of  the  same,  stand  eevrally  indicted  these 
Sess.  for  common  scowlds  and  disturbers  of  his  Mats,  peace 
and  being  called  in  open  corte  to  plead  to  the  said  Indictment 
did  both  of  them  enter  their  travrses  but  did  not  fynd  suertyes 
for  ther  good  behavyer  wch  they  refused  to  doe.  These  are 
therefore  in  his  Mats,  name  to  will  and  require  you  to  receave 
into  yr  Gaole  (York  Castle)  the  bodyes  of  the  said  Ann  Greene 
and  Ann  Anderson  till  they  fynd  sufficient  suertyes.  Barnsley, 
Oct.  1677. 

Eliza  wife  of  Joshua  Rhodes,  of  Earlsheaton,  tried  for  a 
oomon  scould.     1678. 

Whereas  Sarah  wife  of  Mathew  Lund,  of  Wakefield,  stands 
Indicted  and  convicted  at  these  Sees,  for  a  comon  Skowld,  a 
great  Disturber  of  her  neighbours :  It  is  therefore  ordered  by 
this  Corte  that  the  said  Sarah  Lund  bee  sett  vpon  the  markett 
Crosse  at  Wakefield  the  next  friday  being  the  Markett  Day 
there  to  remayne  by  the  space  of  one  hour  with  a  papr.  signi- 
fyinge  her  offence.    Pontefract,  Apr.  1680. 

Treason  and  Oaths. — Tour  petitioner  (Robert  Rainer,  Master 
of  the  House  of  Correction  at  Wakefield,)  was  ordered  by  Sir 
John  Eay  and  Mr.  Horton  to  maintayne  one  James  Trenchard 
committ  to  yor  petticonr.  for  beeing  suspected  to  have  been  in 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  27 

the  late  plott,  yor  petticonr.  hath  kept  him  a  quarter  of  a  yeare 
which  cost  him  20s.    Pontefraot,  April,  1686. 

Robert  Beyner,  of  Wakefield,  gent.,  Keeper  of  the  Prison, 
took  the  sacrament,  1675. 

1693.  Henry  Hemingway  gives  information,  saying  that, 
being  sent  for  by  Mr.  Edward  Deane,  Vicar  of  Batley,  to  the 
house  of  Michael  Parker,  in  Dewsbnry,  alehouse  keeper, 
Nathaniel  Burd,  gent.,  of  Dewsbury,  talking  about  the  B.  of 
Boyne,  said  that  King  William  was  but  a  rebel. 

1692.  John  Barton,  of  Kighley,  bound  to  appear  for  drinking 
Sing  James'  health. 

Magistrates  had  to  produce  periodically  certificates  from  the 
vicar,  churchwardens,  and  two  other  witnesses,  that  they  took 
the  sacrament  as  administered  at  the  Church  of  England.  They 
were  also  required  to  deny  the  doctrine  of  tran substantiation. 
John  Gibson,  minister  of  the  Parish  Church  of  Hartshead,  and 
others  testify  that  Sir  John  Armytage  received  the  sacrament 
of  the  Lord's  Supper  there,  1677. 

John  Ellis  of  Bumsall,  charged  with  uttering  treasonable 
words.     Knaresborough,  Oct,,  1677. 

The  Battle  of  Mons  was  much  talked  about.  A  carrier  is 
charged  with  saying  that  he  knew  where  £700  was  held  for 
King  James.    Leeds,  July,  1691. 

Thomas  Bentley,  constable,  of  Southowram,  indicted  Thomas 
Wakefield  for  not  going  to  the  Parish  Church  at  Halifax,  calling 
the  constable  a  fforsworne  rogue,  and  saying  the  king's  precept 
was  a  f&atching  paper ;  and  others  of  the  locality  indicted  for 
not  receiving  the  sacrament.     1675. 

The  collectors  of  the  "  ffire-hearth  tax "  were  required  to 
take  the  oath.     1676. 

William  Woofenden,  constable,  of  Quarmby,  on  oath,  1677, 
gave  information,  as  collector  of  H.  Maties  revenue  of  hearth- 
money,  against  William  Hirst,  of  Quarmby,  for  saying,  when 
arrested  for  hearth-dues,  that  Woofenden  was  a  knave,  and  Sir 
John  Eaye  was  a  knave,  and  said  that  soon  one  could  not  let  a 
f— rt  but  a  Justice  of  Peace  was  ready  to  send  out  his  warrant. 
Fined  £10.    Leeds,  1677. 

William  Wilson,  of  Linton,  for  speaking  scandalous  and 
seditious  words  that  ye  king  was  a  knave  and  a  theife.  Wetherby, 
January,  1677. 

Christopher  Lancaster,  minister  of  Burnsall,  and  the  church- 
wardens certify  that  Ambrose  Bland,  of  Burnsall,  M.A.,  took 
the  sacrament.    1678. 

We  doe  hereby  certifie  that  Alexander  Stileman,  at  Turne- 
bridge,  this  day,  before  us,  two  of  His  Majesty's  Justices  of  the 
Peace  for  the  Bidd.,  tooke  the  several  oathes  of  allegeance  and 


28  YOBKSHIRE    NOTEB    AND    QUERIES. 

supremacy,  as  alsoe  the  oath  of  a  gager.  1677. — Thomas  Yar- 
burgh,  J.  Boynton. 

To  certifie  yt,  Thomas  Smith,  officer  of  ye  Excise,  received 
ye  sacrament  ye  80th  of  Sept.,  1677,  at  ye  Parish  Church  of 
Badsworth,  according  to  the  custom  of  ye  Church  of  England. 
Edward  Dodsworthe,  rect. 

Richard  Oddie,  of  Meagill,  and  Chr.  Brayshaw,  of  Skipton, 
leade  miner,  gave  information  on  oath,  before  Mr.  Cuth.  Wade, 
J.P.,  that  "  This  psent  morneing  they  heard  one  Henrie  Slater, 
of  Thorp,  a  collier,  say  yt  all  cavalears  weare  roagues,  and  yt 
the  king  was  no  better,  and  further  sayth  not."   Skipton,  1677. 

John  Buck  and  five  others,  of  Sheffield,  bound  to  appear  for 
beinge  unlawfully  assembled  in  the  towne  of  Sheffield  with  drum, 
guns,  swords,  and  other  weapons.  Exonerated  afterwards.  1677. 

A  number  of  Burstall  men  indicted  for  drinking  King  James* 
health.     1693. 

The  chief  constables  issued  orders  to  bring  Papists  before 
justices  to  take  the  oaths ;  also  to  disarm  them,  to  seize  their 
horses,  if  above  the  value  of  £5,  and  sell  them.  The  arms  to 
be  taken  for  their  Majesties'  use.     Skipton,  July,  1691. 

Mary  Coppley,  of  flarrigate,  widdow,  being  suppressed  from 
keeping  a  comon  tipleing  house,  because  she  was  a  Catholic, 
petitions  to  have  it  restored  on  account  of  her  poverty.  Wether- 
by,  January,  1691. 

Tempest  llling worth,  of  Tong,  labr.,  indicted  for  speaking 
severall  maliciouse  and  oprobious  words  in  contempt  and  dero- 
gation of  the  Booke  of  Comon  Prayer.    Leeds,  July,  1687. 

Revolution. — "  Yorke,  October  ye  2d,  88.  [16881  •  Gentlemen, 
Haueing  heere  reed  his  Maties  pclamaoon,  Insinuateing  that 
an  Invasion  of  this  Kingdom  is  designed  from  beyond  the  seas 
and  the  vsuall  way  for  giueing  notice  of  such  Invasion  to  the 
people  of  the  Kingdom  to  rise  for  the  defence  thereof  is  by 
fireing  of  the  Beacons  in  Every  place  where  they  were  sett  up. 
Now  being  given  to  vnderstand  that  the  Beacons  in  most  places 
are  either  quite  pulld  down,  or  rendred  vseless,  I  desire  that  at 
this  time  of  yr  Sessions  (The  prsent  Juncture  of  affairs  require- 
ing  it),  you  will  take  effect uall  order  that  they  bee  forthwith 
repaired  and  made  vsefull  if  there  shall  be  need  to  vse  them.  I 
hope  you  will  looke  upon  this  as  a  reasonable  thing  to  bee  done 
at  this  time  and  therefore  doe  recommend  it  to  you,  and  remain 
Gentlemen,  Yr  most  humble  Sernt,  T.  Rokeby." 

Pretender. — A  particular  list  of  the  names  of  all  persons 

within  the  township  of that  are  lyable  to  take  the  oath 

to  his  Majesty  and  Government  according  to  the  present  Act, 
1715 : 

Wyke. — Mr.  John  Empson,  sick,  Mr.  William  Richardson, 
jur.,  Wm.  Pollard,  Wm.  Law,  Wm.  Ashley,  Wm.  Brook,  jur., 
Isaac  Holdroyd. 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


29 


Thorneton. — Abraham  Brooksbank  Schoolemaster,  jur.,  Wil- 
liam Hyrd,  Quaker,  Jeremy  Gleydhill,  Joshua  Firth,  Timothy 
HorsfaU,  Thomas  Short,  William  Pearson,  Jonas  Pearson,  John 
Jennings,  John  Shackle  ton. 

Shelf. — Mr.  Wm.  Clifford,  clergyman,  Wm.  Holmes,  quaker 
[and  others]. 

Pudsey.— ^John  Milner,  gent.,  Dr.  of  phisick,  Mr.  Elcana 
Berry,  dissenting  minister,  &c. 

Heaton. — Joseph  Kittson,  Quaker,  &c. 

Hecxmoxbwike. — John  Lister,  clerk,  &c. 

Horton.— Isaac  Sharp,  Abraham  Sharp,  Mr.  Eli  Dawson, 
Dissenting  Preacher,  &c. 

DBiGHLiNOTON-crDM-GiLDERsoME.— Sam  Dickinson,  John  Thac- 
kerah,  Wm.  Reyner,  quakers,  &c. 

Idle. — John  Swaine,  Nehemiah  Sandall,  quakers,  Mr.  John 
Wilson,  preacher  Dissr.,  and  many  others.  J.H.T. 


THE  RICHEST  LIVINGS  IN  YORKSHIRE. 

There  are  ten  livings  in  the  diocese  of  York  over  £1000  a 
year,  and  nine  in  that  of  Ripon,  making  a  total  of  19  livings  in 
Yorkshire  of  £1000  each  and  upwards : — 

York  Diocese.  Ripon  Diocese. 


Darfield £1600 

Settrington 1500 

Leven 1800 

Rowley 1800 

Cherry  Burton 1268 

Bolton  Percy 1240 

Burton  Agnes 1075 

Barmston 1065 

Kirby  Misperton  1050 

Sheffield 1000 


Bedale £2000 

Halifax 2000 

Stanhope  (Dur.)  1650 

Wensley 1830 

Spofforth  1820 

Thornhill   1250 

Bradford 1200 

Leeds 1200 

Gilling  1000 

Yorkshire  Post,  1885. 


A  BRIEF  HISTORY  OP  QUAKERISM  IN  SED- 
BERGH  AND  ITS  NEIGHBOURHOOD. 

The  meeting  house  of  the  Friends  is  at  Brig  Flat  over  a  mile 
on  the  west  of  Sedbergh,  and  on  the  north  of  the  river  Rawthy. 
It  is  pleasantly  situated  in  a  fertile  plain  with  romantic  hills 
on  the  north,  east  and  south.  It  is  said  to  be  the  oldest  Friends' 
meeting  house  in  England  with  one  exception.  The  edifice  is 
plain  and  substantial  and  void  of  all  architectural  adornments. 


80  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

It  was  built  in  1675  by  the  liberality  of  Friends  at  Sedbergh 
and  the  neighbourhood.  At  that  time  it  consisted  of  four  bare 
walls  and  a  roof  of  timber,  laths,  and  slate.  On  account  of 
this  unfinished  state  at  the  approach  of  winter  the  openings  in 
the  slates  had  to  be  stopped  with  moss  to  keep  out  wind,  rain, 
and  snow.  Modern  places  of  worship  after  this  model  would 
have  caused  a  sad  falling  off  of  worshippers  during  severe 
winters.  For  thirty-six  years  Friends  met  in  this  uncomfort- 
able building,  and  still  they  increased  and  became  so  numerous 
that  in  1711  it  was  considered  necessary  to  put  up  a  gallery. 

The  Friends  met  in  council  to  devise  means  for  defraying 
the  cost  of  this  addition  to  the  meeting  house.  Those  Friends 
who  had  timber  on  their  estates  were  requested  to  contribute  a 
sufficient  quantity  of  oak  for  the  erection  of  a  gallery,  and  those 
who  had  none  to  cart  it  to  the  place  free  of  cost.  After  the 
timber  had  been  carted  to  the  place,  a  meeting  was  held  for  the 
purpose  of  selecting  a  joiner  to  do  the  work.  A  deputation  was 
appointed  to  see  a  person  named  John  Gopeland,  who  made  a 
bargain  to  put  up  the  gallery  for  £5.  A  similar  piece  of  work 
at  the  present  day  would  cost  nearer  £50.    Shortly  after  the 

SUery  had  been  completed  other  improvements,  such  as  under- 
awing  the  roof  and  fixing  backs  to  the  seats,  were  made.  In 
connection  with  Brig  Flat  meeting  house  there  is  an  old  burial 
ground  which  is  nearly  full  of  the  graves  of  the  dead.  In  the 
17th  century  the  burials  in  this  old  graveyard  were  very 
numerous.  There  is  a  stone  in  one  of  the  walls  dated  1712. 
At  the  meeting  house  there  is  a  library  of  ancient  and  modern 
books  chiefly  of  Friends'  literature.  The  times  of  religious 
worship  are  weekly  on  the  mornings  of  First  and  Fifth  days. 

Though  Brig  Flat  Meeting-house  was  built  in  1675  the  intro- 
duction of  Quakerism  into  the  neighbourhood  was  at  a  much 
earlier  date.  In  1652  George  Fox  ascended  Pendle  Hill  from 
the  top  of  which  the  Lord  let  him  see  at  what  place  he  had  a 
great  people  to  be  gathered.  At  night  he  stayed  at  a  neigh- 
bouring Inn  where  he  felt  he  had  a  call  from  the  Lord  to  visit 
Wensleydale  and  Sedbergh.  Major  Bousfield,  who  lived  in  the 
neighbourhood  of  Sedbergh,  received  him  in  his  house  and 
treated  him  kindly.  Richard  Robinson  and  Justice  Benson 
opened  their  houses  for  meetings  which,  in  spite  of  cruel  perse- 
cutors, were  crowded  with  anxious  hearers.  Through  George 
Fox's  ministry  numerous  persons  were  convinced  of  the  truth 
and  a  large  meeting  of  Friends  was  gathered  at  Sedbergh. 
Happening  to  be  at  Sedbergh  during  the  time  a  great  fair  was 
held,  and  when  many  servants  were  there  for  hiring,  he  opened 
his  mission  in  the  street  and  declared  unto  the  listening  crowds 
the  day  of  the  Lord.  Afterwards  he  went  into  what  he  called 
the  steeple  house  yard  where  he  was  followed  by  many  of  the 
fair  people.  There  were  many  priests  and  professors  of  religion 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  81 

present.  Though  George  Fox  did  not  fail  to  deliver  his  mes- 
sage with  great  plainness  and  earnestness  he  had  upon  the 
whole  an  attentive  hearing.  A  captain  said,  "  Why  will  you 
not  go  into  the  church  ?  This  is  not  a  fit  place  to  preach  in." 
One  Francis  Howgill,  who  was  a  preacher  to  a  congregation, 
stood  by  him  and  said,  "  This  man  speaks  with  authority  and 
not  as  scribes."  One  of  the  priests  who  had  been  rather  too 
plainly  dealt  with,  said,  "  You  are  mad,"  and  then  went  away. 
A  Captain  Ward  on  this  occasion  embraced  the  truth,  and 
proved  his  sincerity  by  living  and  dying  in  it.  Francis  How- 
gill,  who  became  a  Friend  of  sterling  integrity  and  blameless 
life,  was  tried  in  1664  at  Appleby  Assizes  before  Judge  Turner 
for  refusing  to  swear  when  the  oath  of  allegiance  was  tendered 
to  him.  For  this  refusal  he  was  put  out  of  the  King's  protec- 
tion and  the  benefit  of  the  law.  His  land  was  confiscated  to 
the  King  and  his  goods  and  chattels  seized,  and  he  was  to  be 
a  prisoner  for  life.  After  suffering  in  prison  for  four  years  and 
eleven  months  he  "  sweetly  finished  his  course  in  much  peace 
with  the  Lord." 

The  day  after  Oeorge  Fox  held  his  meeting  in  Sedbergh 
Churchyard  he  went  to  Firbank  Chapel  on  the  north-west  side 
of  the  Lune,  and  not  very  far  from  Brig  Flat.  About  1000 
persons  gathered  together  to  hear  him  and  he  spoke  to  them 
for  the  space  of  three  hours.  It  is  a  question  whether  the  most 
popular  preacher  in  England  at  the  present  time  could  draw 
1000  persons  to  hear  him  in  a  neighbourhood  so  sparsely  popu- 
lated as  Firbank.  In  1668  George  Fox  again  visited  Sedbergh. 
At  that  time  there  was  a  large  meeting  and  a  precious  people. 
While  he  was  holding  a  meeting  at  John  Blakeling's,  Sedbergh, 
he  escaped  some  constables,  who  expected  to  find  him  at  a 
meeting  which  was  being  held  on  the  same  day  at  Ann  Audland's 
in  another  part  of  the  neighbourhood.  In  1674  Oeorge  Fox  was 
at  Thomas  Cam's  at  Cams-gill,  when  John  Blakeling,  of  Dran- 
well,  Sedbergh,  brought  him  to  his  house  where  he  stayed  for 
two  or  three  nights.  On  the  First  day  following  there  was  a 
large  meeting  at  Brig  Flat.  Friends  came  from  the  several 
meetings  round  about  so  that  there  was  a  concourse  of  500  or 
600  people.  This  appears  to  be  the  last  visit  George  Fox  paid 
to  Sedbergh. 

It  was  not  long  after  the  introduction  of  Quakerism  to  Sed- 
bergh before  the  believers  in  George  Fox's  teachings  had  to 
pay  dearly  in  goods  and  imprisonments  for  their  faith.  In 
1661,  Bichard  Bobinson,  of  Sedbergh,  for  a  church  rate  of  8d., 
was  deprived  of  goods  worth  £1  10s.,  and  John  Blakeling  for  a 
rate  of  £1  10s.  was  deprived  of  goods  worth  £&.  At  a  meeting 
at  Thomas  Taylor's  house,  Sedbergh,  in  1662,  fifty  persons 
were  taken  by  constables  and  retained  in  their  custody  until 
ordered  by  the  justices  to  appear  at  the  Sessions.    Out  of  that 


82         YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

number  twenty  of  them  were  committed  to  York  Castle. 
Whether  they  were  sinners  abdve  the  liberated  ones  or  not, 
their  names  are  worthy  of  being  recorded:  John  Blakeling, 
Bichard  Robinson,  James  Gray,  Edward  Atkinson,  John  Lang- 
ton,  Thomas  Greenwood,  William  Baines,  John  Hodgson,  John 
Holme,  Bichard  Walker,  Christopher  Walker,  Bichard  Harrison, 
Bichard  Speight,  John  Croft,  Joshua  Nelson,  William  Golding, 
F.  Blakeling,  Edward  Branthwaite,  Joseph  Baines,  and  Bichard 
Stones.  In  1668,  for  church  rates,  goods  worth  £1  6s.  were 
taken  from  John  Langton,  John  Thompson,  and  Edward  At- 
kinson, of  Sedbergh,  and  goods  worth  £3  from  Thomas  Winn 
and  Bichard  Wilson,  of  Grisedale.  In  1671  various  fines  were 
inflicted  upon  the  following  persons  by  Justice  Henry  Wilson, 
of  Eirby  Lonsdale,  for  attending  meetiugs  at  Sedbergh.  Bichard 
Walker  and  his  sister  Margaret,  of  Middle  ton,  were  fined  £1, 
James  Corney  and  Bichard  Parrott,  of  Eillington,  eaoh  15s., 
Joseph  Baines  and  Margaret  Walker,  of  Eillington,  £1  15s., 
Bobert  Atkinson  and  John  Thirnbeck,  of  Middleton,  £1  5s., 
Miles  Walker  of  the  same  place,  5s. ;  and  James  Corney  and 
John  Thirnbeck,  the  second  time,  £2  15s.  In  1682  George 
and  Anthony  Mason,  of  Dent,  and  John  Dent  and  James  Dick- 
inson, of  Sedbergh,  for  non-attendance  at  the  Parish  Church, 
had  cattle  taken  from  them  worth  £51.  In  1685  Edmund  At- 
kinson, Francis  Blakeling  and  James  Thomson  were  committed 
to  prison  for  tithes  at  the  suit  of  Bichard  Trotter  and  Anthony 
Fawcett,  farmers  of  the  tithes  of  the  rectory  of  Sedbergh. 
James  Thompson  died  in  prison.  These  are  honoured  names 
of  men  who  valued  religious  freedom  more  than  earthly  good 
or  even  life  itself.  Though  in  some  things  we  from  them  may 
differ,  still  they  were  noble  men  for  their  times,  and  honoured 
indeed  are  they  who  have  sprung  from  such  a  godly  race. 

L.G. 

Yobk  Cattle  Faib. — The  24th  part  of  Patents  in  the  thirty- 
second  year  of  the  Beign  of  Queen  Elizabeth. 
The  Queen,  to  all  to  whom  Ac,  greeting. 

Whereas  our  well  beloved  the  Mayor  and  Aldermen  of  our 
city  of  York  have  represented  unto  us  that  by  reason  of  the  dis- 
tance of  the  Fairs  and  Markets  appointed  for  the  buying  and 
selling  Cattle  from  the  City  of  York  the  Citizens  of  the  said 
City  are  compelled  to  make  inconvenient  journeys  to  procure 
such  things  as  are  necessary  for  their  food  And  also  the  Farm- 
ers there  in  driving  their  beasts  to  such  distant  Fairs  are  very 
much  fatigued— 

We  willing  to  Lighten  such  inconveniences  and  to  provide 
them  with  more  convenient  marketting  of  our  especial  grace 
and  of  our  certain  knowledge  and  mere  motion  for  us  our  heirs 
and  Successors  Do  grant  by  these  presents  to  the  aforesaid 
Mayor  and  Commonalty  of  the  city  of  York  aforesaid  and  their 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES,         S3 

successors  that  they  from  henceforth  for  ever  may  have,  hold, 
and  keep  in  the  City  aforesaid,  or  the  Suburbs  of  the  same, 
yearly  for  ever  on  every  Thursday  next  before  the  Sixth  Sunday 
in  Lent,  commonly  called  Palm  Sunday,  one  fair  and  Market 
for  selling  and  buying  sheep  horses  and;  other  cattle  and  beasts, 
and  that  moreover  on  every  second  Thursday  yearly  between 
the  aforesaid  Sunday  commonly  called  Palm  Sunday  and  the 
feast  of  the  birth  of  our  Lord  then  next  following,  the  same 
Mayor  and  Commonalty  of  the  City  of  York  aforesaid,  and  their 
successors,  may  have  hold  and  keep  and  may  and  shall  be  able 
to  have  hold  and  keep  from  henceforth  for  ever  a  like  Fair  and 
Market  for  selling  and  buying  Sheep,  Horses  and  other  Cattle 
and  beasts  within  the  City  aforesaid  or  the  Suburbs  thereof, 
together  with  a  Court  of  Piepowder  there  to  be  holden  at  the 
time  of  the  same  fairs  and  markets.  And  together  with  all 
Liberties  and  Free  Customs  to  such  Court  appertaining  so 
nevertheless  that  the  Fairs  or  Markets  aforesaid,  be  not  to  the 
injury  of  other  neighbouring  Fairs  and  Markets.  And  that  the 
said  Mayor  and  Commonalty  of  the  City  aforesaid  and  their 
successors  from  henceforth  for  ever  may  have  and  receive  and 
may  and  shall  be  able  to  have  and  receive  within  the  Fairs  and 
Markets  aforesaid  from  every  Buyer  of  Beasts  and  Cattle  within 
the  said  Markets  or  Fairs  the  tolls  following  and  no  other, 
(that  is  to  say)  for  every  Horse  or  Gelding  to  be  hereafter 
bought  in  the  said  Fairs  or  Markets  one  penny — For  every 
Mare  with  a  foal  one  penny,  for  a  Mare  alone  one  penny,  for 
an  ox  or  cow  with  a  Calf  or  without  a  Calf  one  halfpenny  for 
two  heifers  of  the  age  of  two  years  or  less  one  halfpenny,  for 
every  ten  sheep  one  halfpenny,  for  five  ewes  with  their  lambs 
one  halfpenny,  for  every  ten  lambs  one  farthing,  together  with 
the  stallage  piccages  fines  Amerciaments  and  all  other  profits 
Commodities  and  Emoluments  whatsoever  in  the  said  fairs  and 
Markets  and  Court  of  Pie  Powder  coming  happening  arising  or 
growing  And  with  all  liberties  and  free  customs  to  such  Fairs 
and  Markets  appertaining  or  belonging.  And  that  at  the  time 
of  the  fairs  and  Markets  aforesaid  and  every  of  them  the  Mayor 
and  Aldermen  of  the  City  afsd.  for  the  time  being  shall  receive 
and  collect  by  themselves  or  by  their  deputy  or  deputies  the 
Tolls  afsd.  to  the  use  of  the  City  afsd.  for  all  and  other  manner 
of  Beast  and  Cattle  hereafter  to  be  sold  within  the  Fairs  and 
Markets  aforesaid  from  the  Buyers  of  the  same  Beasts  or 
Cattle  without  impeachment  of  us  our  heirs  and  successors  or 
others  whomsoever. 

Whereas  also  by  the  faithful  Report  of  the  said  Mayor  and 
Aldermen  we  have  been  informed  that  our  said  city  is  very 
much  endangered  by  occasion  of  too  many  Maltkilns  kept 
within  the  same  City  everywhere  dispersed  in  the  best  places 

Y.N.Q.  D 


84         YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

thereof,  also  the  same  city  is  rendered  subject  to  Fires  and 
Conflagrations,  and  also  on  account  of  the  immense  quantity  of 
wood  and  Fuel  in  such  Business  consumed  a  great  want  and 
scarcity  of  wood  &  Fuel  has  arisen  and  daily  seems  very  likely 
to  increase  more  and  more,  We  being  willing  to  obviate  which 
said  inconveniences  and  dangers,  of  our  Especial  grace  and  of 
our  certain  knowledge  &  mere  motion,  will  ordain  and  for  us 
our  heirs  and  successors  by  these  presents  Do  grant  to  the 
aforesaid  Mayor  and  Commonalty  of  the  City  of  York  aforesaid 
and  their  Successors  that  hereafter  there  may  and  shall  be 
within  the  City  aforesaid  and  the  suburbs  thereof  so  many 
Maltkilns  as  to  the  Mayor  Aldermen  &  Sheriffe  of  our  said  City 
of  York  for  the  time  being  and  to  such  persons  who  heretofore 
have  been  or  hereafter  shall  be  sheriffs  of  the  same  City  after 
they  may  or  shall  have  quitted  the  office  of  Sheriff  of  that  City, 
as  to  the  greater  number  of  them  according  to  their  prudence 
and  sound  discretions,  shall  seem  convenient  necessary  and  re- 
quisite, to  be  disposed  in  places  fit  and  least  dangerous  and  that 
the  same  Mayor  Aldermen  and  Sheriffs  of  the  City  aforesaid 
and  all  those  who  have  been  or  hereafter  shall  be  sheriffs  of  the 
same  City  after  they  may  or  shall  have  quitted  the  office  of 
Sheriff  or  the  greater  part  of  them  may  or  shall  have  from 
henceforth  for  ever  full  power  and  authority  from  time  to  time 
to  suppress  put  down  for  ever  all  and  singular  other  Maltkilns 
except  those  which  shall  be  approved  of  and  appointed  by  them 
And  if  it  shall  happen  hereafter  that  any  possessors  and  owners 
of  the  said  Maltkilns  by  them  so  as  aforesaid  to  be  approved  of 
and  appointed  shall  desert  and  neglect  the  exercise  and  use 
thereof  or  transfer  and  convert  the  buildings  applied  to  such 
business  to  any  other  use  Then  We  will  and  grant  by  these 
presents  that  the  sd  Mayor  Aldermen  &  Sheriffs  of  the  City 
afsd.  for  the  time  being  and  all  those  who  have  been  or  here- 
after shall  be  sheriffs  of  the  said  City  after  they  may  or  shall 
have  quitted  the  office  of  sheriff  or  the  greater  part  of  them 
shall  and  may  be  able  from  time  to  time  for  ever  to  appoint 
assign  and  constitute  other  buildings  fit  for  such  business  and 
other  Exercisers  of  the  work  afsd.  within  the  City  aforesaid 
the  suburbs  and  precincts  of  the  same  to  fill  up  such  number  of 
the  said  Kilns  as  to  them  shall  seem  necessary  and  requisite. 
And  Further  of  our  more  abundant  grace  We  Will  and  for  u» 
our  heirs  and  successors  Do  grant  to  the  aforesaid  Mayor  and 
Commonalty  of  the  City  of  York  aforesaid  and  their  successors 
that  the  Mayor  Aldermen  and  Sheriffs  of  the  City  afsd.  for  the 
time  being  and  all  those  who  have  been  or  hereafter  shall  be 
Sheriffs  of  the  said  City  after  they  may  or  shall  have  quitted 
the  office  of  Sheriff  or  the  Major  part  of  them  met  together  and 
assembled  may  and  from  henceforth  for  ever  shall  have  full 
authority  power  and  faculty  of  framing  constituting  ordaining 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.         86 

and  establishing  such  reasonable  Laws  ordinances  and  consti- 
tutions as  to  them  or  the  Major  part  of  them  shall  according  to 
their  sound  discretions  seem  good  wholesome  useful  honest  and 
necessary  for  the  good  Rule  and  government  as  well  of  the 
aforesaid  Maltkilns  and  the  owners  thereof  as  for  the  Rule  and 
Government  of  all  and  singular  the  Citizens  inhabitants  and 
Besiants  of  the  City  aforesaid  or  the  Suburbs  and  Precincts 
thereof  And  that  the  Mayor  aldermen  and  sheriffs  of  the  City 
aforesaid  for  the  time  being  and  all  those  who  have  been  or 
hereafter  shall  be  sheriffs  of  the  said  City  after  they  shall  or 
may  have  quitted  the  office  of  Sheriff  or  the  Major  part  of  them 
as  often  as  they  shall  frame  make  ordain  or  establish  such  laws 
institutions  ordinances  and  constitutions  in  form  aforesaid  shall 
and  may  be  able  from  henceforth  for  ever  to  assess  impose  and 
inflict  such  and  the  like  pains  penalties  imprisonments  of  the 
body  fines  and  amerciaments  or  any  of  them  towards  and  upon 
all  delinquents  against  such  Laws  ordinances  and  Constitutions 
or  any  or  either  of  them  as  and  which  to  the  same  Mayor 
Aldermen  and  Sheriffs  of  the  City  aforesaid  for  the  time  being 
and  all  those  who  have  been  or  hereafter  shall  be  sheriffs  of  the 
said  City  after  they  shall  or  may  have  quitted  the  office  of 
Sheriff  or  to  the  major  part  of  them  shall  seem  necessary  and 
requisite  for  the  observance  of  the  aforesaid  Laws  ordinances 
and  Constitutions  And  that  the  said  Mayor  and  Commonalty 
and  their  Successors  shall  and  may  be  able  to  levy  retain  and 
have  those  Penalties  fines  and  amerciaments  from  time  to  time 
by  themselves  or  by  their  officers  by  distress  or  by  any  other 
lawful  means  to  them  and  their  successors  for  ever  to  the  use 
of  the  City  aforesaid  without  the  impeachment  of  us  our  heirs 
and  successors  or  of  either  or  any  of  the  officers  or  ministers  of 
us  our  heirs  and  successors  whatsoever,  all  and  singular  which 
Laws  ordinances  and  constitutions  so  as  aforesaid  to  be  here- 
after made  We  will  and  by  these  Present  firmly  enjoining  do 
command  to  be  observed  under  the  pains  to  be  contained  in  the 
same  so  that  such  Laws  ordinances  Institutions  and  Constitutions 
be  not  repugnant  nor  contrary  to  the  Laws  &  Statutes  of  our 
Kingdom  of  England.  Altho  Express  mention  &c.  In  Witness 
whereof  &c 

Witness  the  Queen  at  Westminster  the  29th  day  of  June. 
By  writ  of  Privy  Seal  &c.    82  Eliz. 


7Chas.  L     19  July,  1682. 

11  We  have  willed  and  ordained  constituted  declared 'granted 
and  confirmed  and  by  these  presents  for  us  our  heirs  and  suc- 
cessors we  will  &  ordain  constitute  declare  grant  and  confirm 
to  the  aforesaid  Mayor  &  Commonalty  of  the  City  of  York  afsd. 
and  their  successors  for  ever  all  and  all  manner  of  such  like 


86         YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

Franchise  liberties  faculties  powers  authorities  annuities  exemp- 
tions privileges  fines  issues  forfeitures  Amerciaments  before  our 
justices  of  the  peace  within  the  Liberty  of  the  City  aforesaid 
and  the  suburbs  and  County  of  the  said  City.  Emerging  hap- 
pening  or  proceeding  to  be  levied  and  received  by  their  own 
proper  officers  as  in  prior  charters  is  contained.  And  also  the 
profits  commodities  advantages  exemptions  cognizance  of  Pleas 
Jurisdiction  Manors  Messuages  Lands  tenements  wastes  vacan- 
cies Farms  Common  feasts  fairs  &  markets  Courts  of  pie  powder 
with  all  the  liberties  and  free  customs  to  the  same  Court 
belonging  or  appertaining  as  also  the  Tolls  Stallage  pickages 
and  Emoluments  and  Hereds.  whatsoe'r  or  of  what  kind  or  sort 
so  ever  heretofore  given  or  granted  or  mentioned  to  be  given  or 
granted  to  the  Mayor  Aldermen  or  Commonalty  of  the  City  of 
York  aforesaid  or  to  the  Citizens  and  Inhabitants  of  the  said 
city  by  whatever  name  or  names  by  means  any  Charter  or 
letters  patent  of  the  aforesaid  King  James  late  King  of  England 
our  father  or  any  other  of  our  progenitors  or  predecessors  late 
Kings  or  Queens  of  England  or  any  of  them  in  whatsoever 
manner  granted  &c. 

84  Charles  2nd 

5  July  1688. 
Inspeximus  Charter  of  5  July  19.  R.  II. 

But  we  are  led  to  exemplify  by  these  present  the  tenor  of  the 
premises  aforesaid  at  the  request  of  the  present  Mayor  and 
Commonalty  of  our  said  City  of  York    In  Witness  &c. 

84  Charles  2. 
5  July  1688. 

Inspeximus  &  Exemplification  of  Charter  11  Feb.  of  27th 
Hen  6. 

16  Charles  II,  8  June  1666.    York. 

"  Sicut  in  prioribus  cartes  continetin,  neo  non  proficua 
commoditales  advantagia  quietantias  cognitiones  placitorum 
jurisdictiones  maneria  messuagia  unas  tenementa  vasta  vacua 
funda  comminas  ferias  nundinas  mercata  curiam  pedum  pulver- 
izator :  cum  omnibus  libertatibus  ac  liberis  consuetudinibus  ad 
hujusmodi  curiam  pertinentibus  sura  spectant:  nee  non  [tolls] 
stallagia  piccagia  ac  emolumenta  et  hereditamenta  quecumque 
cujus  &c.     .     . 

6  Eliz.  York. 
Whereas  besides  the  same  Citizens  have,  and  they  &  their  heirs 
and  predecessors  aforesaid  hitherto  have  had,  in  the  absence  of 
us  and  our  progenitors  afsd.,  the  Assize  of  Bread  &  Beer  the 
Keeping  and  Assay  of  measures  and  weights  and  all  other  things 
belonging  to  the  office  of  the  Market  in  the  City  and  Suburbs 
aforesaid  We  grant  to  them  and  by  this  Charter  of  ours  we 
have  confirmed  for  us  and  our  heirs  that  they  and  their  heirs 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  87 

and  successors  afsd.  hereafter  in  the  presence  of  us  and  our 
heirs  do  and  Exercise  for  ever  the  Assize  of  Bread  &  Beer  the 
Keeping  and  Assay  of  Measures  and  Weights  and  all  other 
tilings  whatsoever  belonging  to  the  office  of  the  Market  in  the 
City  of  York  and  Suburbs  of  the  same,  and  the  transgressors  of 
the  said  Assize  of  Bread  &  Beer  in  due  manner  punish,  and  the 
defects  of  measures  weights  and  other  things  belonging  to  the 
said  office  of  the  Market  correct  and  amend  so  that  the  Clerk 
of  the  Market  or  any  minister  of  us  or'  our  heirs  shall  not 
enter  the  said  City  of  York  or  Suburbs  of  the  same  to  do  and 
perform  in  the  same  any  of  those  things  which  belong  to  the 
said  office  of  Clerk  of  the  Market  and  also  that  all  profits  thence 
arising  be  always  the  said  Citizens  their  heirs  and  successors 
afsd.  in  aid  of  the  farm  of  their  city  above  mentioned.  Save  &c. 

Quod  ipsi  etc.  imppm.  treant  teneant  &  custodiant  ac  here. 
tenere.  et  custodere  possint  et  Valeant  in  Civitate  pr  dca.  aut 
surburbiis  ejusdem  annuatim  imppm.  qualibet  die  jo  vis  p'x  ante 
sextum  diem  dnicam  in  Quadragesima  vulgarites  Vocat  Palme 
Sondaye  unam  Feriam  et  Nundin  p.  ovibus  eqius  aliisque  Cattallis 
et  Pecudibus  vendend.  et  emend.     Qdque  in  sup  quit  sexto  die  Jovis. 

[We  have  given  our  readers  a  specimen  or  two  here  of  old, 
unpunctuated,  tautological  law  records  from  the  MSS.  of  the 
late  Fairless  Barber,  Esq.] 

o 

Batley  Grammas  School. — Novel  way  of  Electing  a  Master. 
After  the  death  in  1831  of  Mr.  Sedgwick,  the  late  Master  of  the 
Batley  Grammar  School,  the  Trustees  advertised  for  another 
Master,  and  arranged  with  the  Bev.  Martin  Joseph  Naylor, 
D.D.,  Master  of  the  Wakefield  Grammar  School,  and  Robert 
Hall,  Esq.,  A.M.,  of  Leeds,  Barrister,  to  be  present  on  the  day 
of  appointment  to  examine  the  candidates  as  to  their  fitness  for 
the  mastership.  A  meeting  was  fixed  for  the  18th  of  January, 
1882,  when  the  following  report  was  delivered  by  the  Examiners 
to  the  Trustees  and  Churchwardens. 

44  To  the  Trustees  of  Batley  Grammar  School. 
Gentlemen, 

In  execution  of  the  duty  undertaken  by  us,  at  your  request, 
we  have  this  day  subjected  the  candidates  for  the  Head  Master- 
ship of  Batley  Grammar  School  to  a  General  Examination  in 
the  Latin  and  Greek  Languages.  It  appears  to  us  on  the  result 
of  our  examination,  Mr.  Senior  and  Mr.  Bichardson  are 
decidedly  superior  to  the  other  candidates,  and  though  not  so 
perfect  as  might  be  desirable,  yet,  with  the  requisite  attention 
to  their  own  improvement  they  will  be  competent  to  fulfil  the 
purposes  of  the  Foundation.  Next  to  them,  but  at  a  very  con- 
siderable interval,  we  place  Mr.  Elgood  and  Mr.  Briggs. 

M.  J.  Naylor,  D.D. 
Batley,  January  18th,  1882.  Kobebt  Hall,  M.A. 


88  YORKSHIRE?    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

The  following  is  from  the  Trustees*  Minute  Book : 

"  Batley,  February  18th,  1882,  Monday. 

The  Trustees  of  the  School  in  pursuance  of  the  Investigation 
and  decision  laid  before  them  by  the  Examiners  of  the  Candi- 
dates, having  resolved  at' the  conclusion  of  their  last  meeting  to 
take  time  for  enquiring  also  into  the  personal  character  of  the 
two  gentlemen  whose  superiority  in  literary  qualifications  were 
attested  and  pointed  out  to  them,  and  enquiries  having  been 
made,  and  Testimonials  received  in  consequence,  respecting 
their  moral  estimation,  and  also  respecting  their  fitness  in  point 
of  patient  and  suitable  aptness  for  teaching  Scholars  and  for 
their  ability  and  capaoity  as  to  being  able  to  impart  and  com- 
municate to  Pupils  that  learning  and  knowledge  which  they 
themselves  were  deemed  by  the  Examiners  to  possess,  came 
this  day  at  a  meeting  at  Charles  Ward's  to  the  determination 
that  the  two  Candidates,  Mr.  Joseph  Senior  and  Mr.  George 
Bichardson,  were  so  equally  poized  in  reputed  desert,  and  merit, 
that  they  could  not  decide  or  distinguish  to  whom  the  preference 
was  justly  and  fairly  due.  They  therefore  resolved  to  leave 
that  decision  to  the  drawing  of  Lots,  and  to  choose  by  Ballot, 
which  of  the  Candidates  should  be  conditionally  elected  to  the 
Mastership  of  the  School,  and  into  possession  of  the  House  and 
Premises  connected  therewith.  The  names  of  these  two  Candi- 
dates were  accordingly  each  written  on  six  different  small 
pieces  of  paper,  making  together  twelve  lots,  six  for  each,  and 
all  being  put  into  a  Hat,  six  Lots  were  drawn  out  by  the  four 
Trustees,  and  the  two  Churchwardens  present,  four  of  which 
Lots  contained  the  name  of  Mr.  Senior,  and  two  the  name  of 
Mr.  Richardson,  upon  which  result  Mr.  Senior  was  declared 
fairly,  and  duly  elected  on  conditions  that  will  appear  in  future 
proceedings.  Present, 


Luke  Blakeley, 
Morris, 


Churchwardens. 
Batley.  Lucy  F.  Dyson. 


The  Rev.  W.  M.  Heald, 
Norrison  Scatcherd,  Esq., 
Mr.  John  Nussey, 
Mr.  Ab :  Greenwood, 

Trustees." 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.         89 

Jin  ©l&  Unrksbtmnan's  lournaL 

Mr.  George  Roberts,  Lofthouse,  contributes  extracts  from  the 
MS.  journal  of  John  Berry,  who  was,  early  in  the  century, 
magistrates'  clerk  at  Wakefield.  Reprinted  with  additions,  from 
the  Merctay  Suffllement,  by  Mr.  Roberts'  leave. 

Act  for  paving  Wakefield  streets  passed,  1771. 

Act  for  lighting  and  paving  in  Wakefield,  1796. 

Wakefield  Enclosure  Act  passed,  1798. 

Thatched  public-house,  at  Kirkthorpe,  near  Wakefield,  occu- 
pied by  Mr.  Billinton,  burnt  down  by  a  flash  of  lightning,  July 
25th,  1800. 

On  May  29th,  1799,  I  went  to  be  clerk  with  Mr.  Scholefield, 
of  Horbury,  and  remained  there  till  23rd  of  October,  1808, 
when  I  left ;  and  on  ye  81st  of  that  month  I  went  to  Mr.  Daw- 
son's, of  Wakefield. 

An  evening  lecture  established  at  the  parish  church  of 
Wakefield,  and  the  first  lecture  given  by  the  Rev.  Thos.  Rogers 
(then  master  of  the  Free  Grammar  School),  on  the  26th  of 
July,  1801. 

First  newspaper  at  Wakefield,  called  Wakefield  Star,  was 
published  4th  November,  1808,  by  Stuart  Arnold. 

March  18th,  1800. — Richard  Linnecar,  a  coroner  at  Wakefield 
died.  He  was  succeeded  by  Edward  Brook,  an  attorney,  who 
died  18th  of  September,  1825,  and  he  was  succeeded  by  Thomas 
Lee,  a  young  attorney  at  Wakefield. 

August  1st,  1800. — Granville  Wm.  Wheeler  Medhurst,  Esq., 
of  Kippax  Hall,  tried  at  York,  before  Baron  Graham,  for  the 
murder  of  his  wife,  and  acquitted,  being  declared  insane. 

September  20th,  1802. — Hops  rose  from  £4  to  J616  per  cwt.> 
all  at  a  stroke. 

March  14th,  1808. — John  Terry  and  Joseph  Heald,  two  young 
men  from  Alverthorpe,  near  Wakefield,  were  hanged  &t  York 
for  the  brutal  murder  of  widow  Smith,  at  Flanshaw.  She  was 
buried  at  the  west  end  of  the  Unitarian  Chapel  in  Wakefield, 
and  a  stone  placed  over  her,  on  which  were  carved  the  imple- 
ments used  in  the  murder. 

January  17th,  1806. — A  lunar  rainbow  appeared  at  Wakefield 
from  half-past  nine  till  half-past  ten. 

July  7th  1806.— Otley  fortnight  fair  first  held. 

1810.— At  the  Exeter  Lent  Assizes,  Wm.  Gourd  and  Wm. 
Rose  (two  children  11  years  old  each)  were  sentenced  to  death 
for  stealing  a  few  hanks  of  thread. 

May  28rd,  1811. — I  was  admitted  a  member  of  the  Hon. 
Society  of  Gray's  Inn. 

At  the  York  Summer  Assizes,  1811,  James  Thackrah,  a 
6oldier,  was  convicted  of  perjury  respecting  the  enlistment  of  a 
recruit  at  Bewsbury,  and  transported  for  seven  years. 


40         YORKSHIKE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

William  Burrell,  of  Wakefield,  was  drowned  at  Kirktborp  dam 
while  hunting,  Feb.  6th,  1810. 

Rev.  Eichard  Monkbouse,  Vicar  of  Wakefield,  D.D.,  died 
January  20th,  1810,  aged  58.  He  was  succeeded  by  the  Rev. 
Samuel  Sharp,  bis  curate. 

March,  1810.— The  White  Hart  Inn  offered  for  sale.  During 
this  year  Dewsbury  was  made  a  regular  market  town. 

May  17th,  1810. — Francis  Maude,  of  Moor  House,  died,  aged 
78. 

January  10th,  1810. — West  Riding  Sessions  first  held  in  the 
new  court-house  at  Wakefield. 

October,  1810. — One  Ryan,  a  soldier,  killed  in  an  affray  at 
the  Cock  and  Swan  Inn,  at  Wakefield,  for  which  Tom  Shaw, 
deputy-constable,  was  indicted  at  the  following  assizes,  when 
the  grand  jury  ignored  the  bill.  For  particulars  of  the  inquest 
see  Wakefielil  Star  of  Oct.  26th,  1810. 

November  12th,  1810. — A  Mr.  Harper  fitted  and  used  the 
White  Barn,  at  the  top  of  Northgate,  as  a  theatre ;  closed  Dec. 
28th. 

November  28th,  1810.— Wm.  Heald  elected  Clerk  to  the 
Commissioners  of  Wakefield  Streets;  John  Robson  having 
resigned. 

March  1st,  1811. — The  Wakefield  Star  appeared  under  a  new 
title,  the  Wakefield  and  Halifax  Journal. 

Wm.  Shackle  ton,  grocer,  poisoned  himself  at  the  bailiff's 
house,  whilst  under  arrest,  lltb  of  July,  1811. 

Wm.  Hodgson,  a  Leeds  woolsorter,  tried  at  York,  Aug.  3rd, 
1811,  for  a  rape  upon  Hannah  Halliday,  at  Leeds,  for  which  he 
was  hanged. 

September  2nd,  1811. — First  stone  of  Leeds  Court  House 
laid  by  Alexander  Turner,  the  Mayor. 

April,  1812. — The  Wakefield  Harriers  were  advertised  for 
sale,  and  the  Wakefield  Hunt  given  up. 

October  26th,  1812. — The  Leeds  mail  to  London  was  robbed 
near  Kettering,  for  which  Jeffrey  White  and  Richard  Kendall 
were  tried  at  the  Northampton  Summer  Assizes  (1818),  and 
both  hanged. 

Leeds  new  Court  House  opened  for  public  business,  5th 
October,  1818. 

James  Bowling,  formerly  proprietor  and  editor  of  the  Leeds 
Mercury,  which  he  revived  in  1767,  died  April  80th,  1818. 

August  8th,  1818.— Died  Thomas  Fenton,  Esq.,  of  Rothwell 
Haigh,  aged  85. 

In  October  this  year,  1814,  the  Asylum  at  Wakefield  was 
ordered  to  be  built;  and  in  November  the  Wakefield  Bible 
Society  was  established. 

On  the  24th  of  December,  1814,  Joseph  Blackburn  and 
Thomas  Wainwright,  two  attorneys  at  Leeds,  were  committed 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  41 

to  York  Castle  for  forging  deed  stamps ;  they  were  tried  at  the 
following  March  Assizes,  and  Blackburn  was  hanged. 

Daring  this  year  local  silver  tokens  were  called  in,  and  there 
was  a  great  noise  about  Johanna  Southcote. 

February  27th,  1815.— William  Hepworth,  a  shoemaker,  did 
penance  in  the  parish  church  for  defaming  the  character  of  an 
old  woman  named  Elizabeth  Blacketer.  They  both  lived  in  the 
Cock-and-Swan  yard,  Wakefield,  and  the  suit  was  carried  on  by 
George  Robinson,  an  attorney,  out  of  spite  to  the  cobbler. 

[In  the  Wakefield  churchwardens'  accounts  between  1780  and 
1760,  **  sheets  "  for  penance  in  church  are  constantly  mentioned. 
In  1850  a  shoemaker  at  Gloucester  was  ordered  to  do  penance 
in  church  for  defaming  the  character  of  a  young  woman,  the 
daughter  of  an  innkeeper.  In  addition  to  the  penance,  he  was 
also  mulcted  in  £12  costs.  Can  any  one  give  later  instances  of 
punishment  by  penance,  and  also  state  how  the  ceremony  was 
performed?  In  Scotland  the  delinquent  had  to  sit  on  a  low 
stool  in  front  of  the  pulpit,  and  after  service,  had  to  stand  on 
the  stool  and  receive  the  minister's  rebuke.] 

A  new  organ  opened  at  Rothwell  Church,  September  15th,  1816 

A  new  peal  of  ten  bells  brought  from  the  Old  Navigation 
Wharf  to  Wakefield  Parish  Church,  November  80th,  1816. 

In  December,  1816,  Captain  Magill  was  elected  Governor  of 
Wakefield  Prison,  in  the  room  of  Strawbenzee.  Magill  was 
carried  by  a  majority  of  one  vote. 

September,  1818. — Mr.  Oddie,  of  Woodlesford,  drowned  at 
Filey. 

July  16th,  1819.— Kean  played  Richard  III.,  in  Wakefield 
Theatre. 

August  18th,  1819.— Matthews  played  at  Wakefield. 

September  7th,  1819,  appeared  the  first  number  of  the  West 
Yorkshire  Gazette,  published  by  Greaves  and  Kemp,  of  Hudders- 
field  and  Barnsley. 

Trial  of  Henry  Hunt  commenced  at  York,  before  Mr.  Justice 
Bayley,  March  16th,  1820,  and  lasted  nine  days. 

March  24,  1820,  appeared  the  first  number  of  the  Wakefield 
Chronicle,  published  by  Rich.  Nichols.  It  only  lived  a  few  weeks. 

First  stone  of  a  new  church  at  Stanley  laid  by  Francis  Maude, 
Esq.,  who  died  the  19th  of  April,  1842. 

November  18th,  1821.— This  morning  (being  Sunday),  Wm. 
Webber,  the  clown  at  a  circus  in  Wood  Street,  was  found  dead 
in  the  area  of  the  south  end  of  the  new  Music  Hall  (then  in 
course  of  construction),  in  Wood  street,  Wakefield. 

May  1st,  1822. — I  took  the  old  Library,  Crown-court,  for 
offices. 

June  20th,  1822.— Godfrey  Wentworth,  of  Woolley  Park, 
married  his  cousin,  Miss  Fawkes,  of  Farnley  Hall,  who  died 
9th  July,  1842. 


42  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

April  3rd,  1822. — Wakefield  Gas  Company's  Act  passed,  and 
the  town  first  lighted  with  gas  81st  January,  1828. 

April  12th,  1823. — James  Ramsden  and  Robert  Gill  hanged 
at  York,  for  breaking  into  the  shop  of  Mr.  Bright,  silversmith, 
at  Doncaster. 

June  28th,  1828.— The  weather-cook  of  Wakefield  Parish 
Church  taken  down  and  carried  through  the  street,  accompanied 
by  a  band  of  music. 

June  15th,  1828.— James  Bigmore,  the  American  pedestrian, 
ran  ten  miles  in  fifty-seven  minutes,  upon  Westgate  Common. 

March  28th,  1824.— John  Carr,  of  Horbury,  formerly  an 
attorney  at  Wakefield,  died,  aged  61. 

June  1st,  1824. — John  Berry  (writer  hereof)  admitted  a  soli- 
citor of  the  High  Court  of  Chancery. 

February  19th,  1825. — John  Travis  Thompson  fell  out  of  one 
of  the  attic  windows  at  the  Wool  Packs  Inn,  Wakefield,  in  his 
sleep,  and  was  killed. 

Leeds  (Haigh  Park)  races  were  run,  the  first  time  in  June, 
1825,  and  the  last  time  in  1829. 

July  23rd,  1825. — Appeared  the  first  number  of  the  Bradford 
and  Wakefield  Chronicle,— Stansfeld  and  Son. 

No  drought  equal  to  that  of  the  present  year  (182G)  in  this 
country  since  1762,  in  which  year  there  was  no  rain  from  the 
3rd  of  May  to  the  19th  of  July. 

November,  1827. — A  day  coach,  called  The  Tradesmen,  driven 
by  a  drunken  fellow  named  Dick  Bather,  was  returning  from 
Wakefield  to  Leeds,  and  upset  going  down  Bell-hill,  at  Roth  well 
Haigh,  owing  to  the  fault  of  the  driver,  and  several  passengers 
were  severely  injured.  Mr.  Cope,  an  artist,  of  Leeds,  was  killed. 

February  8rd,  1829.— Celebration  of  Bishop  Blaize  at  Wake- 
field. 

November  14th,  1829.— Madam  Yestris  played  at  Wakefield. 

Lord  Wharncliffe  burnt  in  effigy  at  Wakefield  for  voting 
against  the  Reform  Bill  in  ye  Lords,  Ootober  6th,  1881. 

March  10th,  1882.— Petty  Sessions  first  held  at  Dewsbury. 

June  24th,  1882.— A  poor  man  in  New  street  died  of  ye 
cholera,  and  another  in  ye  House  of  Correction. 

July  4th  and  5th,  1882.— Wakefield  Fair  held  at  the  bottom 
of  Westgate,  and  Bradford  Sessions  held  at  Wakefield,  owing 
to  the  Cholera  in  the  House  of  Correction. 

July  9th,  1882.— John  Wood,  of  Blacker  Hall,  married  Sarah 
Coldwell,      ....      a  very  clever  woman. 

October  26th,  1882.— Owing  to  a  dense  fog  this  night  the 
London  mail  from  Leeds  was  an  hour  and  a  half  behind  its 
time  into  Wakefield,  and  Jaok  Upperdale  was  engaged  to  walk 
before  it  with  a  lantern  all  the  way  to  Barnsley. 

[When  opposition  coaches  were  running  between  Leeds  and 
Wakefield,  it  was  a  custom  for  young  men  to  run  in  .front  on 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.         48 

dark  nights,  and  carry  aloft  a  blazing  piece  of  tarred  rope.  Two 
or  three  usually  accompanied  the  coach,  and  relieved  each  other 
by  alternately  riding  and  running.  On  one  occasion  the  man 
with  the  flambeaux  led  the  coach  into  a  ditch ;  but  no  serious 
accident  occurred.] 

June  2nd,  1888. — This  day  three  men  were  dip't  into  the 
river  Calder  near  Dirtcar,  the  Bev.  Mr.  Hattersley  officiating — 
curious  adult  baptism. 

April  25th,  1885. — Wm.  Atkinson,  a  clerk  in  the  Eegister 
office,  was  struck  blind  by  lightning  whilst  looking  out  of  a 
window. 

September,  1885. — The  Duchess  of  Kent  and  her  daughter, 
the  Princess  Victoria,  afterwards  Queen,  visited  York  Festival, 
and  on  tbe  14th  passed  through  Wakefield  on  their  way  from 
Harewood  House  to  Wentworth  House.  They  called  at  Mrs. 
Hargraves*  house  at  Sandal. 

July  81st,  1887.— -Election  riots  at  Wakefield.  Mr.  Carter, 
of  Ossett,  killed,  and  many  people  injured. 

November  8th,  1887. — George  Dyson,  an  attorney  at  Halifax, 
elected  a  Coroner  for  the  West  Biding,  in  place  of  Michael 
Stocks,  resigned. 

November  18th,  1887.— The  first  number  of  the  Xortlieni  Star 
(published  by  Feargus  O'Conner,)  appeared. 

May  24th  1848.— Martha  Kaye,  of  Nether  Thong,  my  aunt, 
died. 

June  24th,  1848. — Thomas  Bish  worth,  formerly  a  banker  at 
Wakefield,  died  at  Hemsworth,  upon  a  small  farm,  in  his  72nd 
year. 

June  25th,  1848.— The  Bev.  G.  C.  Davies,  minister  of  Holy 
Trinity  Church,  preached  his  farewell  sermon.  He  was  the 
first  minister  at  that  church,  esteemed  by  his  congregation,  but 
ill-treated  by  his  brother  clergymen,  and  especially  by  the  Vicar. 

July  1st,  1848. — Zion  Chapel,  Wakefield,  which  was  built  in 
1782,  having  been  pulled  down  in  order  to  be  enlarged,  the 
first  stone  of  the  new  building  was  this  day  laid  by  the  Bev.  J. 
D.  Lorraine. 

September  18th,  1848. — Bichard  Everingham  died,  aged  98. 

May  18th,  1844.— Died,  Sir  John  Lowther,  Bart.,  of  Swil- 
lington  House,  aged  85.  His  widow  died  on  the  19th  (six  days 
after),  aged  77,  and  they  were  both  buried  together  at  Swilling- 
ton  Church. 

On  June  1st,  1844,  two  women  were  attacked  and  worried  by 
a  bear,  kept  in  the  Zoological  Gardens,  in  Back  lane,  Wakefield. 
One  of  them  died  on  the  9th. 

July  9th,  1844.— The  Church  Sunday  Scholars  had  a  cheap 
ride  by  railway  to  York  to  see  the  lions  there.  [Can  any  reader 
of  Notes  and  Queries  give  earlier  instances  than  this  of  "  cheap 
trips  M  from  this  neighbourhood  ?  See  Addenda.] 


44         YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

July  20th,  1844. — First  marriage  celebrated  in  the  Wealeyan 
Chapel,  West-parade,  Wakefield,  the  Rev.  J.  Pitts  officiating. 

July  27th,  1844.— James  Cook  opened  an  extensive  Circus  in 
Wood  street ;  closed  on  September  14th  following. 

August  19th,  1844. — Died  in  the  Wakefield  Poorhouse,  aged 
40,  Henry  Rishworth,  formerly  an  attorney,  and  son  of  Thomas 
Rish worth,  the  banker. 

August  20th,  1844. — Married,  Thomas  Nicholls,  jun.,  book* 
seller,  to  Ann  Gregory,  both  of  Wakefield,  at  the  Unitarian 
Chapel,  this  being  the  first  marriage  solemnised  in  that  building. 

March  21st,  1845.—  Died,  George  Westerman,  aged  84,  the 
oldest  woolstapler  in  Wakefield,  if  not  in  the  West  Riding.  He 
was  buried  inside  Wakefield  Church  on  the  26th. 

July  12th,  1845. — The  Leeds  Mercury  began  to  give  a  supple- 
ment, and  increased  the  price  from  4£d.  to  6d. 

July  12th,  1845. — Bradshaw's  Railway  Gazette  first  published. 

October  3rd,  4th,  and  5th.— The  Wakefield  Troop  of  Cavalry 
on  permanent  duty  at  Wakefield.  On  the  5th  their  captain 
(T.  Taylor)  treated  them  with  a  dinner  at  the  Strafford  Arms. 

October  18th,  1845. — Ben  Dunnill,  late  postman  at  Horbury, 
opened  his  public  house  in  York  street.  There  were  donkey 
races,  and  a  leg  of  mutton  on  a  pole. 

1845. — A  Trial  day  for  the  Manor  of  Wakefield,  there  not 
having  been  one  for  a  long  time — 11  causes  before  George 
Wailes,  Esq. 

Easter  Sunday,  April  22nd,  1848.— The  Chapel  of  Wakefield 
Bridge,  having  been  repaired,  was  this  day  opened  for  divine 
service  as  a  Chapel  of  Ease  for  the  recently  appointed  district 
of  St.  Mary's. 

Feb.  1852. — The  vicarage  of  Wakefield  sequestered  by  the 
West  Riding  Bank,  and  the  Rev.  Samuel  Sharp's  furniture  sold 
by  auction  by  John  Becket. 

July  28rd,  1852.— Wakefield  New  Boro'  Market  opened. 

Addenda  Copied. 
1729,  April  15th.— Mr.  Scott,  Vicar  of  Wakefield,  died. 
1781.— A  great  thunderstorm  that   broke   the  windows  in 
Wakefield  Market  and  tore  one  corner  of  the  Cross  to  pieces. 
1787. — Wakefield  Workhouse  erected. 


A  Cheap  Teip  Fifty  Years  Ago. — With  my  father,  I  went 
from  Leeds  to  Hull  by  a  cheap  trip  on  Good  Friday,  1885. 
The  journey  was  made  from  Leeds  to  Selby  by  railway,  thence 
by  steamer  (the  Adelaide)  to  Hull,  where  we  arrived,  I  think, 
about  two  o'clock.  At  six  we  started  on  the  return  journey, 
getting  to  Leeds  about  midnight.  The  prices  I  do  not  remem- 
ber.—J.  W. 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.         45 

Bullhouse,  a  name  familiar  to  the  student  of  Nonconform- 
ist history,  has  recently  acquired  a  publicity  of  a  sad  character 
in  connection  with  the  awful  railway  accident,  which  happened 
on  July  16th,  1884.  The  line  passes  within  a  few  feet  of  the 
Chapel  built  by  Sir  Elkanah  Rich,  and  near  to  Bullhouse  Hall, 
the  residence  for  many  generations  of  the  Eich  family,  of  which 
the  late  Lord  Houghton  was  a  descendant.  Situate  on  the 
easterly  termination  of  an  elevated  ridge  which  stretches  away 
to  the  moors,  the  view  along  the  valley  of  the  Don,  from  its 
source  near  Dunford  Bridge  to  where  the  tower  of  Penistone 
church  stands  conspicuous,  is  varied  and  highly  picturesque. 

In  the  deep  clough  below,  the  village  of  Thurlstone,  birthplace 
of  that  wonderful  genius,  Dr.  Nicholas  Sanderson,  the  blind 
professor  of  mathematics,  occupies  the  sunny  slope ;  further 
along  the  same  hillside  is  Netherfield  Chapel,  where  the  Bev.  W. 
Thorp,  previously  of  Burton -lane-head  Chapel,  and  subsequently 
of  Chester  and  Bristol,  ministered.  In  the  valley,  encircled  by 
a  bend  of  the  river,  stands  Water  Hall,  one  of  the  seats  of  the 
Wordsworth  family,  whose  names  appear  in  transactions  connec- 
ted with  the  parish  as  far  back  as  1585.  On  the  brow  of  the  hill 
opposite  stands  the  fine  old  Parish  church  of  Penistone,  wherein  a 
tablet  records  the  gift  of  £500  by  Samuel  Wordsworth,  merchant 
of  London,  and  one  of  £200  by  Josias  Wordsworth  of  the  same 
place.  The  poet  Wordsworth  and  the  late  Bishop  of  Lincoln 
were  descendants  of  a  collateral  branch  of  the  Wordsworths  of 
Water  Hall. 

Behind  and  above  Penistone  the  moorlands  rise  in  un- 
dulating masses  from  the  Little  Don  to  Derwent  Edge,  an 
elevation  of  nearly  1,800  feet;  to  the  south  of  Bullhouse, 
Hartcliff  with  its  tower,  from  whence  on  a  clear  day  York 
Minster  may  be  seen,  reaches  an  almost  perpendicular  height 
of  1,176  feet.  The  old  coach  road  to  Manchester,  passing 
within  a  stone's-throw  of  the  Chapel,  goes  by  Koad  End,  where 
lived  and  died  "  Billy  Wilson, "  the  celebrated  violinist,  and  so 
on  across  the  moors,  by  Gallows  Moss  to  Saltersbrook,  one  of 
the  highest  inhabited  places  in  the  kingdom. 

Returning  to  Bullhouse  by  the  valley  of  the  Don,  we  pass 
Hazlehead,  the  residence  of  Captain  Adam  Eyre,  who  served 
in  the  Parliamentary  Army  under  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax.  Mr. 
Hinchliffe,  Lord  Houghton's  tenant  at  Bullhouse,  is  owner  of 
the  adjoining  colliery  and  gannister  works.  The  Hall  has 
recently  been  renovated,  and  some  fine  oak  panelling  in  some 
of  the  rooms  has  been  brought  to  light.  The  Chapel  is  a  plain 
and  substantial  stone  edifice,  built,  like  the  tower  of  Penistone 
Church,  of  the  rough  grey  stones,  called  "  earth  fasts,"  gathered 
from  the  surface  of  the  moors. 

JOHN   WOOD. 


46         YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


Bullhouse  Chapel  was  built  soon  after  the  Revolution.  It  is 
about  two  miles  from  Penistone.  Mr.  Sylvanus  Rich,  of 
Bullhouse,  was  buried  December  26th,  1683,  aged  60.  His 
uncle,  Daniel  Rich,  was  buried  October  1,  1679,  aged  76. 
They  were  friends  of  the  Rev.  Oliver  Heywood.  In  1689,  July 
81st,  the  house  of  Mr.  Elkanah  Rich,  called  Benthom,  in 
Pennistone,  was  recorded  at  the  Sessions  as  a  place  of  worship 
for  protestant  dissenters,  at  the  request  of  Francis  Haigh  and 
Isaack  Wordsworth.  Several  other  houses  were  recorded  in 
that  neighbourhood,  as  given  in  Heywood's  Xonconfonnfot 
Register.  The  Chapel  was  registered  at  Pontefract  Sessions, 
April,  1692,  in  the  following  words — "A  new  house  at  Bull- 
house  in  Penistone.' '  The  above  Register,  in  addition  to  notices 
of  the  Rich  family,  states  that  "  Mr.  Daniel  Denton,  Chaplain, 
to  Mr.  Rich,  of  Bullouse,  died  ffebr.  18,  [1720],"  and  "  Mr. 
Wm.  Haliday,  minister  at  Bullous,  died  in  Halifax,  December 
11,  1741,  of  a  few  hours'  illness."  Mr.  Heywood  records  that 
"  Mr.  Henry  Swift,  Vicar  of  Peniston,  died  suddenly,  Oct.  81r 
1689,  aged  68,"  and  in  his  Diary,  he  adds — "  of  twenty-four 
houres  sickness."  August  29th,  1678,  Heywood  records  in  his 
Diary — "  Mr.  Hancock  and  I  preacht  at  Mr.  Rich's  house  at 
Bulloughs,  had  a  full  assembly,  some  [Divine]  assistance, 
lodged  there."  "  Mr.  Rycroft,  minister  at  Peniston,  born  near 
Ulingworth,  (Nicolas  Rycroft,  his  father,  yet  living),  buryed 
Oct.  1688."  Mr.  Heywood  frequently  visited  other  families 
about  Penistone,  as  recorded  in  his  Diaries.  The  Rev.  Henry 
Swift  was  ejected  from  Peniston  or  Penistone  Church  in  1662,. 
and  suffered  three  months'  imprisonment  in  York.  He  returned 
to  his  charge,  and  held  the  living  until  his  death,  without 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  47 

further  molestation ;  the  powerful  families  of  the  district  being 
his  supporters.  Daniel  Denton  was  the  minister  at  Bullhouse 
some  years  between  1700  and  1720,  the  date  of  his  death.  In 
1715  he  had  a  congregation  of  200  persons.  William  Halliday's 
name  is  the  next  that  appears  on  the  list,  though  it  is  possible 
some  names  are  omitted  about  1692  and  1722.  The  names  of 
Messrs.  Rayner  and  Lewis  occur  incidentally.  The  Rev. 
Benjamin  Shaw  was  minister  in  1748,  and  died  there  in  1771. 
He  was  succeeded  by  Thomas  Halliday,  who  had  previously 
been  at  Eeighley,  and  also  a  pupil  and  tutor  at  Daventry.  He 
removed  in  1798,  and  engaged  in  business  in  some  iron-works, 
but  failed  in  1810.  (Monthly  Repository,  1825.)  We  last 
hear  of  him  as  an  Arian  preacher  at  Diss,  in  Norfolk.  The 
Rev.  Reyner,  from  Northowram  Academy,  succeeded 

for  a  short  time,  and  a  Mr.  John  Hewitt  also  preached  some 
time.  Whether  the  place  is  Unitarian  or  Wesleyan  now,  or 
both,  seems  doubtful  from  Miall's  account  in  Conyretjationalism 
in  Yorkshire.  We  arc  indebted  to  Mr.  Wood  for  the  picture  of 
this  old  sanctuary.  Ed. 


ANCIENT   SESSIONS   NOTES   EXTRACTED   FROM 

THE   ORIGINALS. 

Old  Soldiers.— A  Treasurer  was  regularly  appointed  for  the 
Lame  Soldiers'  Fund.  The  applicants,  of  course,  are  such  as 
fought  on  the  side  of  "  Charles  I.  of  Blessed  Memory." 

Babwick-in-Elmet. — Petition  of  Martin  Hague  of  this  place, 
soldier  under  the  Rt.  Wpfull.  Sr.  Richard  Hutton,  and  was  with 
him  at  Atherton,  Bradford,  Burlington  Key,  Rotherham,  and 
Tadcaster,  in  his  owne  company,  1675. 

Thomas  Cowpland  of  Barwick-in-Elmet,  souldier  under  Sir 
Ric.  Hutton'8  owne  company  of  foott,  and  with  him  at  Wake- 
field, Atherton,  and  Bradford  feights,  and  also  under  Sir  Walter 
Vavasor's  Regiment  of  Horse  in  Capt.  Adam  Bland  troop  of 
Horse  and  was  at  seige  of  Kingston  upon  Hull,  Selby  fight, 
Bowton,  Berrey,  Leapoul  in  Lancastershire  and  also  at  Halsome 
moore  feight,  1675,  petitioned  for  pay. 

John  Haigue  of  Barwick  in  Elmet,  souldier  under  Sir  Phillip 
Monckton  at  Willoughby  fight  and  Pontefract  Castle  and  under 
Col.  Morris  at  Pontefract  Castle,  1675. 

Wetherby. — Robert  Wright  of  this  place,  soldier  under  Capt. 
Croft  in  Ld.  Langdale's  Regimt.,  served  several  years  and  never 
deserted,  was  at  several  battles  and  received  many  great 
wounds,  begs  to  succeed  the  late  Thomas  Hardacres  as  a  pen- 
sioner. Mr.  J.  Beilby  adds :  "He  served  under  my  brother 
for  some  time."    1677. 


48         YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES* 

Fenton. — George  Buck  of  ffenton  humble  petition  to  the 
honoble  and  right  Wpfull  his  Majesties  Justices  of  Peace  at  the 
general  Sessions  holden  at  Pontefract,  1676,  Humbly  sheweth 
unto  yo.  hono.  That  your  poor  Peticonr  is  growen  very  infirme 
and  lame  and  hath  lost  his  eyesight,  and  were  disabled  in  his 
Maties  service  in  the  late  unhappy  W aires,  and  served  under 
Captaine  Edward  Stanhope,  Esq.,  in  his  company  of  ffoote  for 
several  yeares,  in  the  Ecgiment  of  Sr  John  Ramsden ;  and 
under  Capt.  Morritts  company,  after  the  said  Captaine  Stanhope 
was  chosen  a  C  omit  tee  man,  being  alwayes  faithfull  to  his 
Maty,  and  never  disserted  his  service,  though  he  received 
several  maimes  and  wounds  in  the  same ;  being  growne  very 
poore,  and  in  much  want  as  will  appeare  by  severall  sub- 
stantiall  men's  hands  hereunto  written.  May  it  therefore 
please  yor.  hono.  to  admit  him  as  a  Penconer  in  the  first 
vacancy.  And  he  as  in  duty  bound  shall  ever  pray.  Certified 
by  George  Stanhope,  &c. 

Skipton. — Major  Wharton  of  Skipton,  foot  soldier  for  Charles 
I.,  served  under  Henry  Lord  Clifford,  late  Earl  of  Cumberland, 
1671. 

Samuel  Constantino,  Gent.,  (residence  not  given,)  petitions 
for  a  pension.  He  joined  Capt.  Cuth.  Wade's  Dragoons,  and 
afterwards  fought  under  the  Duke  of  Albemarle  and  spent  his 
estate,  1675. 

John  Kay,  soldier,  as  Trooper  in  Lord  Savil's  troop,  under 
Capt.  Thomas  Shildon,  Mr.  John  Coppley,  of  Batley,  being  his 
Leivetenant.  Joined  his  Maj.  Standard,  att  Nottingham,  '42; 
afterwards  in  Prince  Rupert's  Regiment  at  the  battle  of  Edghill, 
wounded  and  imprisoned.      Pont.  April,  1680. 

Almondbury.— William  Kay,  of  this  parish,  having  received 
wounds  in  tbe  services  of  Charles  I.  and  Charles  II.,  and  de- 
siring to  travel  to  St.  Thomas'  Hospitall,  in  Southward,  where 
he  hopes  to  bee  cured  of  his  lamenesse,  received  an  order  at 
Leeds  Sessions,  July,  1677,  requiring  all  Constables  and  officers 
to  suffer  him  to  pass  from  Almondbury  to  London,  the  direct 
way,,  peaceablye  and  quietlye  he  demeaning  himself  truely  and 
honestly  in  his  said  journey  as  beehoves  him. 

Wee  desire  yt  proclemation  may  forthwith  be  made  yt  noe 
new  pension  can  be  admitted,  nor  gratuities  granted  by  reason 
wee  find  yt  ye  Act  of  Plmt.  is  expired  soe  yt  they  need  not  at- 
tend. And  yt  likewise  the  Cheife  Constables  for  the  whole 
West  Ryd.  doe  forthwith  attend  at  ye  Starr.    Pontefract,  1680. 

Captain  Wm.  Stringer  with  the  Lieutenant,  three  Sergeants 
and  46  under  officers  of  this  company  of  Sir  Rich.  Atkins  regi- 
ment, owned  before  me  their  consent  to  serve  their  Majs.  Wm. 
and  Mary,  May  29,  1694,  Jasp.  Blythman.  Halifax  and  Brad- 
ford men  who  listed  under  Thomas  Lord  Fairfax  and  Sir 
Richard  Atkins,  sworn,  Leeds,  Aug.  1694. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  49 

Local  Notes: 

Huddbbsfxzld. — It  is  ordered  that  Bradley  Wood,  in  this 
parish,  be  assessed  to  the  poor  according  to  law,  and  the  pro- 
portion of  the  assessments  are  referred  to  the  two  next  justices, 
and  Sr.  Lyon  Pilkington  or  his  agents  to  have  notice. — 
Pontefract,  April,  1692. 

Gekktland. — John  Clay,  of  Clayhouse,  to  have  his  goods 
distreyned  restored  to  him,  and  Jeffrey  Bambsden  and  John 
Greenwood  to  be  rated  in  his  stead. — Wakefield,  January,  1682. 
Stanley. — Will  Armitage  has  begun  to  sink  a  colliery.  The 
coale  lies  very  deep ;  at  great  charge  drawing  water  night  and 
day,  and  it  hath  been  drowned  by  six  weeks  together,  and  by 
reason  of  the  wettnesse  of  the  worke  the  workes  fall,  and  part 
of  the  coale  is  gotten  where  he  diggeth,  whereby  he  is  out  of 
purse  £40,  and  hath  received  noe  profites  answerable  to  the 
charge  expended.  He  is  over-assessed  at  £20  per  ann.  for  the 
said  colliery.  He  hath  been  distreyned  the  worke- tools. — 1688. 
E aland. — James  Cawbord  states :— "  Your  petitioner  is  as- 
sessed for  a  coalmine,  and  there  is  not  any  assessed  in  the 
whole  vicaridge  of  hallifax  but  one  in  the  same  towne,  and  your 
petitioner  has  had  a  great  deal  of  damage  by  the  work  falling 
in  this  last  yeare.  Prays  that  he  may  nott  for  the  future  be 
assessed,  whioh  will  be  very  hard  upon  him/'  Ordered  to  be 
assessed  at  xx  nobles  p.  ann. — Wakefield,  Jan.,  1682. 

Samuel  Jowett,  of  Ealland,  is  assessed  to  the  full  vallue  of 
his  rent  for  a  mill  in  Elland,  and  there  are  severall  hand  mills 
lately  erected  and  sett  up  in  the  constablary  of  Elland  aforesaid 
which  takes  away  the  soake  from  his  mill.  Ordered  to  be  as- 
sessed according  to  the  rent  v  li  per  ann.  land  and  mill. — 
Wakefield,  Jan.,  1682. 

Long  Pbeston. — The  minister  and  churchwardens  testify 
that  all  galds,  sesses,  and  taxes  divided  to  our  severall  con- 
stablrys  in  manner  and  forme  followinge :  Long  Preston  8d., 
Hellifield  8d.,  Wiglesworth  2,  Westhalton  1.  Ordered  that  the 
book  of  rates  be  made  accordingly. — Skipton,  July,  1691. 

Half  Towns. — The  constables  of  the  Half  Towns  of  Wike, 
Shipley,  Eccleshill,  Marsden,  and  Heckmondwike  petition  to 
have  the  book  of  rates  revised  so  as  to  ease  themselves. — Wake- 
field, Oct.,  1691. 

Cloth  Manufactube — Joseph  Jackson,  Leeds,  with  engines 
did  stretch  and  strain  cloth.    Wakefield,  Oct.,  1678. 

Rowland  Dodsworth,  Leeds,  stretching  and  streyning  cloth. 
Leeds,  1679. 

Thomas  Gibson,  of  Burgwallis,  did  mix  with  his  wool,  pitch, 
tar,  Under,  shanks,  and  other  deceivable  things.     1677. 

Numerous  records  of  burial  in  woollen,  as  required  by  late 
Act  of  Parliament. 

Y.N.Q.  e 


SO  YORKSHIBE  NOTES  AND  QUERIEB. 

Counterfeiting  several  of  his  Mats.  Cloth  Seals.    1675. 

We  read  of  woollen  cloth  called  Halfthick.     1692. 

James  Lambert  is  mentioned  as  master  of  the  Company  of 
Clothiers ;  and  one  of  the  searchers  of  'oloath'  within  the  town 
of  Holbeck  also  referred  to.     1677. 

The  humble  petition  of  sevrall  of  the  Inhabitants,  clothdressrs 
within  the  sevrall  Townes  of  Halifax,  Eland,  Norland,  Sowerby, 
Warley,  Skiroote,  Northowrome,  Southowrome,  and  Hipper- 
holme.  Humbly  sheweth,  That  his  maties  officers  appointed 
for  the  Collecoon  of  his  Maties  duty  of  Hearth  money  within 
the  said  sevrall  Townes  have  for  the  two  last  halfe  years  de- 
manded duty  of  sevrall  of  the  aforesaid  Inhabitante  for  their 
Charcole  fires  for  their  hott  presses  for  the  pressing  of  Cloth 
and  hav  distreyned  vpon  such  as  have  refused  and  forced  them 
to  pay  ffoure  shillings  for  every  such  prtended  ffire,  and  also 
other  ffoure  shillings  for  every  distresse.  And  yor  petitioners 
further  shew  that  there  were  never  before  any  duty  paid  to  his 
Matie  or  demanded  for  such  Aires  either  within  the  said  Townes 
or  at  London,  or  in  any  other  pts  of  this  Kingdoms.  Yor  peti- 
coners  beg  therefore  to  be  relieved.    Wakefield,  Oct.,  1687. 

To  the  Bight  Honble.  and  Bi —  Majties  Justices  of  ye  Peace 
.  .  .  West  Biding  of  York.  The  humble  petition  of  the 
Clot— subsisting  by  the  Woollen  Manufacture.  Sheweth  that 
whereas  a  petition  was  the  last  sessions  of  .  .  .  the  Honoble 
the  Howse  of  Commons  therein  Assembl— the  Merchants, 
Clothiers,  and  others  subsisting  by  the  C —  in  the  County  of 
Yorke  wherein  were  sett  forth  some  .  .  .  the  decay  of  Trade 
and  remedy  intimated  therein  by  •  .  .  Company  of  Merchants 
for  the  better  regulacon  thereof  .  .  .  petition  annexed  may 
appear.  And  that  Honoble  Howse  was  then  satisfie — yt  peti- 
tion ought  not  be  answered,  notwithstanding  .  .  .  informed 
ye  same  persons  intend  to  make  another  ...  a  recomenda- 
con  of  such  a  position  from  this  honob  ...  of  that  Howse 
for  this  County  would  give  it  hopes  for  a  better  .  .  .  address 
themselves  to  this  Honoble  Bench  for  that  purpose.  And 
whereas  yor  Petitioners  whose  subsistence  and  Livi  •  . 
Manufacture  are  able  and  ready  to  sattisfye  vr  Hons  th  .  .  . 
said  trade  ye  underrating  the  commodity  the  lown  .  •  .  home 
ye  disparagent  of  ye  manufacture  abroad  and  yt  the  painefull 
workemen  have  been  occationed  by  th  .  .  .the  power  for 
which  they  seem  to  petition  should  be  gra — Merchants  it  would 
endanger  an  Ingrossing  and  Monop —  Manufacture  into  a  few 
men's  hands  of  what  dest —  yt  will  be  yor  petitioners  humbly 
refer  to  your  wisdomes.  .  .  Humbly  pray  that  this  Honorble 
Bench  would  .  .  .  petition  of  ye  Merchants  or  others 
tending  .  .  .  have  heard  yor  petitioners  reason  against : — 
John  Sigston,  Edward  Parker,  Tho  .  .  .  John  Cowell, 
ffrancis  Jagger,  John    .     .    .    ffranois  Baylie,  John  Snawden, 


YORKBHUftE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  51 

Joseph  Sigston,  Sam  .  .  .  ffrancis  Swinbanke,  Abraham 
Smith,  Robert  .  .  .  Thomas  Turner,  Will  .  .  .  William 
Cowell,  John  Thoresby,  James  .  .  .  William  Bollon,  James 
Moxon,  .  .  •  William  Dodgson,  Micha  .  .  .  John 
Tindall,  Christopher  Conder,  Bicliar  .  .  .  Richard  Smur- 
fite,  Richard  Wilson,  .  .  .  Simon  Jagger,  Wm.  Milner, 
John  .  .  .  Thomas  Hodgson,  John  Hunter.  Endorsed: 
The  Court  agrees  that  they  will  not  signe  any  petition  for  the 
Merchants  till  the  cloathyrs  have  notice  of  the  same.   [Circa  167-] 

To  ye  Honrble  the  Knights,  Cittizens  and  Burgesses  of  the 
House  of  Commons  in  Parliament  assembled.  The  humble 
peticon  of  the  Merchts,  ye  Clothiers  and  others  subsisting  by 
the  Woollen  Manufacture  in  ye  County  of  York,  Sheweth, — 
That  the  said  woolen  manufacture  had  its  birth  and  growth  and 
did  for  divers  Ages  flourish  under  a  regulaoon  and  govermnt  of 
the  Company  of  Merchants  Adventurers  of  England  where  all 
care  and  prudence  was  used  to  keep  up  the  reputation  and 
prices  of  the  English  Manufacture  in  the  hands  of  the  English 
to  the  extraordinary  benefitt  of  the  whole  Kingdom  in  generll, 
and  the  perticuler  inoouragemt  of  yor  Petitioners  whereby  the 
occation  alsoe  of  exporting  wools  and  Fullers  Earth  was  taken 
away  but  by  reason  of  severall  late  temporary  suspentions  of 
the  Charter  of  ye  said  Company,  and  alsoe  as  they  humbly  con- 
ceive of  the  late  libertye  given  Aliens  to  exports  Woolen 
Manufacturers  on  equall  Tearme  of  Cuetome  which  the  English 
Merchts  since  that  almost  every  Tucker  and  Cloth  Dresser  is 
become  a  Factor  for  Aliens  taking  them  into  their  houses  and 
instructing  them  in  the  mistery  of  the  said  woolen  manmfacture. 
The  English  Merchant  is  not  only  bereaved  of  his  Trade  which 
is  devolved  into  Forreners  hands,  but  even  those  very  Foreig- 
ners study  all  contrivances  to  imitate  the  severall  Draperies  of 
this  Kingdom  in  their  owne  Countries,  and  have  soe  farr 
advanced  therein  that  the  Trade  of  this  Kingdom  is  extraordin- 
arily decayed  to  ye  great  impoverishmt  of  yor  petiooners,  and 
the  prices  of  woole,  the  principal  staple  commodity  of  this 
Nation,  has  fallen  to  halfe  the  vallew,  to  ye  generall  damage  of 
the  whole  kingdom.  Yor  petitionrs  therefore  humbly  pray  that 
such  regulation  and  government  of  Trade  may  be  established 
for  the  encrease  of  ye  woolen  manufacture  and  incouragement 
of  the  English  Merchant  as  by  the  wisdom  of  this  Honorble 
House  shall  seem  meet.     [Dated  about  167-.] 

Trades. — Samuell  Brooke  de  Clifton,  cardmaker,  xx1*-*  Mat- 
theus  Longley  de  Clifton,  xu»  and  Joseph  Green  de  Tong,  xu» 
as  bondsmen.  The  said  Samuell  Brooke  bound  to  appear  at 
Quarter  Sessions  for  buying  severall  quantities  of  fforaigne  yron 
wyre  for  making  of  wooll  bands  ymported  from  pts  beyond  ye 
seas,  contrary  to  ye  statute.  Wm.  Farrer,  J.P.,  Wakefield, 
January,  1681. 


52        YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

Deborah  Utley,  of  Stansfeld,  for  following  the  grocer's  trade, 
bound  to  appear.   .  1678. 

Crusade  against  persons  following  the  butchers'  trade,  contra 
statute,  not  having  been  apprenticed  to  it.  Thirty  so  indicted 
at  Skipton,  1675,  others  frequently  at  sessions  afterwards. 

Order  requiring  the  laws  suppressing  the  planting  of  tobacco 
in  England  to  be  more  rigidly  enforced.     1675. 

The  inhabitants  of  Silver  street,  in  Wakefield,  petition,  reciting 
that,  time  out  of  mind  there  has  been  kept  a  market  for  leather 
in  Silver  Street,  and  they  have  erected  stalls  and  shops,  but 
are  now  hindered  by  Mr.  ffayle,  Officer  of  Excise  of  Leather, 
who  threatened  to  prosecute  the  tanners  if  they  sold  any  leather 
there.  Wm.  Lawson,  James  Woollin,  Rowland  Burrow,  Robert 
Wilson.  The  markett  hath  alwayes  been  kept  there.  Thos. 
Wilson,  Joseph  B arras,  James  Sill.  Endorsed — The  court  is 
of  the  opinion  the  market  may  be  kept  there. 

ffranci8  Stubbs  of  Bawtry  indicted  for  using  the  trade  of  a 
cutler  contrary  to  ye  Statute.    Doncaster,  Oct.  1697. 

Licenses  as  common  badger,  lader,  kidder,  carrier  or  trans- 
porter  of  all  manner  of  corne  and  grain  in  any  market  of  the 
realm.     1671. 

R.  H.  of  Ackworth,  being  a  married  man  and  above  thirty 
years  of  age,  licensed  to  be  a  common  drover  and  buyer  of 
cattel  within  the  kingdom  of  England  at  the  usual  places.  1671. 

The  constables  ordered  to  make  search  for  guns,  nets,  bows, 
greyhounds,  &c,  and  report  who  had  any ;  and  also  inquire  if 
any  servant  had  more  wages  than  the  Statute  directed,  and 
also  if  harvest  men  or  artificers  received  more :  and  masters 
and  servants  forbidden  attending  any  statutes,  or  meetings. 
1671. 

11  Midwifes  to  be  licensed."     1695. 

In  1695  labourers  received  as  wages  7d.  a  day ;  artificers  Is. 
2d.  or  Is.  8d.  a  day.  In  1678  we  find—  Ghristr.  Lee  5  dayes, 
his  man  4  dayes— 10s.  06d. ;  9  labourers  4  days,  18s.  OOd.  Chr. 
Tyreman  6  days  work  07s.  OOd.  These  assisted  at  rebuilding 
a  bridge.  J.  H.  T. 
o 

The  Old  Potters  and  Potteries  op  Yorkshire. — At  the 
present  time,  when  the  ceramic  works  of  the  past  are  so  muoh 
sought  after,  the  information  contained  in  the  following  articles 
respecting  the  old  potters  and  potteries  of  Yorkshire  will  doubt- 
less prove  acceptable,  and  may  tend  to  elicit  further  particulars : 

A  Mr.  Francis  Place  is  said  to  have  been  the  first  to  make 
pottery  and  porcelain  in  Yorkshire,  his  operations  being  carried 
on  at  the  Manor  House,  York,  from  1665  to  1728.  With  the 
exception  of  the  brief  allusion  to  this  manufactory  by  Horace 
Walpole  and  Ralph  Thoresby  few  particulars  are  on  record. 
Walpole,  in  his   "Anecdotes  of  Painting,"  says  that  "Mr. 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.         68 

Francis  Place,  a  gentleman  of  Yorkshire,  had  a  turn  to  most  of 

the  beautiful  arts."  He  painted,  designed,  and  etched.  He  was 

the  younger  son  of  Mr.  Rowland  Place,  of  Dinsdale,  in  the 

county  of  Durham,  and  was  placed  as  olerk  to  an  attorney  in 

London,  where  he  continued  till  1665 ;  in  which  year,  going 

into  a  shop,  the  officers  came  to  shut  up  the  house,  on  its 

having  the  plague  in  it.    This  occasioned  his  leaving  London ; 

and  gave  him  an  opportunity  of  quitting  a  profession  that  was 

contrary  to  his  inclination,  and  of  following  the  roving  life  he 

loved,  and  the  arts  for  which  he  had  talents.    Ralph  Thoresby, 

in  his   'Ducatus  Leodiensis,'  often  mentions  Mr.  Place  with 

great  encomiums,   and    specifies    various    presents    that    he 

made  to  his  museum.  He  tells  us,  too,  that  Mr.  Place  discovered 

an  earth  for,  and  a  method  of  making  porcelain,  which  he  put 

in  practice  at  the  Manor  House  of  York,  of  which  manufacture 

he  gave  Thoresby  a  fine  mug.    From  the  same  account  we 

learn  that  Mr.  Place  discovered  porphyry  at  Mount  Sorril  in 

Leicestershire,  of  which  he  had  a  piece  to  grind  colours  on. 

This  author  specifies  views  of  Tinmouth  Castle  and  lighthouse : 

the  cathedral  of  York ;  churches  and  prospects  of  Leeds,  drawn 

and   etched ;   and  a  mezzo  tinto  of  Henry  Gyles,  the  glass 

painter,  executed  by  Mr.  Place.    He  also  scraped  three  plates 

of  John  Moyser,  Esq.,  of  Beverley,  his  particular  friend ;  of 

Thomas  Comber,  Dean  o£  Durham,  and  of  Bishop  Crew ;  the 

last  is  finely  executed.    Many  sketches  of  castles  and  views 

which  he  took  in   Wales,    and  of   various  other  places  in 

England,  Scotland,  and  Ireland,  several  of  them  well  finished, 

are  extant,  and  have  been  engraved.    A  view  of  Scarborough 

Castle  was  drawn  as  late  as  the  year  1715.     His  prints  are 

very  scarce.    He  seldom  resided  in  London,  and  drew  only  for 

his  amusement,  seldom  completing  what  he  undertook,  and  in 

his  rambles  painting,  drawing,  and  engraving,  occasionally.     In 

the  reign  of  Charles  H.  he  was  offered  a  pension  of  £500  a 

year  to  draw  the  Royal  Navy ;  but  declined  accepting  it,  as  he 

could  not  endure  confinement  or  dependence.    InThoresby's 

'Topography  of  Leeds'  aire  some  churches  by  Place.    Ames 

mentions  a  print  by  him,  which  I  have,  of  Richard  Thomson, 

from  a  painting  of  Zoust ;  it  is  boldly  done.    Another  is  of 

Sterne,  Archbishop  of  York.    He  also  did  some  plates  of  birds, 

and  the  figures  for  Godartins's  Book  of  Insects.    Mr.  Place 

died  in  1728 ;  and  his  widow,  by  whom  he  had  a  daughter, 

married  to  Wadham  Wyndham,  Esq.,  quitting  the  Manor  House 

in  York,  disposed  of  his  paintings,  among  which  were  an 

admired  piece  of  fowls,  others  of  flowers  and  fish,  unfinished. 

There  are  two  heads  of  Mr.  Place  extant,  one  by  himself,  the 

face  only  finished,  and  another  by  Murray."    Thoresby,  in  his 

"Ducatus  Leodiensis,"  says: — "Wortley  Parish.    Here  is  a 

good  vein  of  fine  clay  that  will  retain  its  whiteness  after  it  is 


64         YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

burnt  (when  others  turn  red),  and  therefore  used  for  the 
making  of  tobacco  pipes,  a  manufacture  but  lately  begun  at 
Leeds.  ...  As  to  this  manner  of  making  of  pipes  I  can 
add  nothing  to  what  Mr.  Houghton  has  writ  in  his  very  useful 
collections  for  the  '  Improvement  of  Husbandry  and  Trade '  (4 
vols.,  No.  154),  where  he  tells  us  also  that  the  pint  mugs  and 
even  chinaware  were  made  of  this  sort  of  earth,  of  which,  saith 
he,  we  may  make  as  good  in  England  as  any  in  the  world. 
And  this  I  am  fully  convinced  of,  having  a  specimen  in  this 
museum,  made  of  English  materials,  in  the  Manor  House,  at 
York,  by  the  very  ingenious  Mr.  Francis  Place,  who  presented 
it  to  me  with  one  of  the  outer  covers  (seggars)  purposely  made 
to  preserve  it  from  the  violence  of  the  fire  in  baking."  In  the 
catalogue  of  his  museum,  annexed  to  the  same  work,  is  de- 
scribed "  one  of  Mr.  Place's  delicate  fine  mugs,  made  in  the 
Manor  House,  at  York ;  it  equals  the  true  chinaware ; "  and 
Walpole,  in  the  notes  to  his  account  of  Mr.  Place,  after 
remarking  that  "his  pottery  cost  him  much  money,  he  at- 
tempted it  solely  from  a  turn  to  experiments ;  but  one  Clifton, 
of  Pontefract,  took  the  hint  from  him  and  made  a  fortune  by 
it,"  says  "  I  have  a  coffee  cup  of  his  ware ;  it  is  a  grey  earth, 
with  streaks  of  black,  and  not  superior  to  common  earthenware." 
This  cup  was  sold  at  Strawberry  Hill,  and  is  now  in  the 
Museum  of  Practical  Geology,  with  an  old  pasteboard  label 
attached  to  the  handle  and  inscribed,  probably  in  Walpole's 
hand-writing,  "  Mr.  Francis  Place's  china."  It  is  of  very  fine 
stoneware,  of  light  fabric,  but  perfectly  opaque. 

A  manufactory  was  in  existence  at  Leeds  as  early  as 
1760,  two  brothers,  named  Green,  being  the  proprietors. 
Black  Egyptian  ware  seems  to  have  been  the  chief  article  pro- 
duced. About  1775,  Messrs.  Humble,  Green  &  Co.  began  the 
fabrication  of  the  noted  cream,  or  Queen's  ware,  invented  by 
the  great  Josiah  Wedgwood,  and  made  it  an  especial  branch  of 
their  business ;  but  it  was  reserved  for  their  successors,  Messrs. 
Hartley,  Greens  &  Co.,  to  bring  it  to  the  high  state  of  perfection 
that  it  afterwards  attained.  The  latter  firm  published  illustra- 
ted pattern-books  entitled — "Designs  of  sundry  articles  of 
Queen's,  or  cream-coloured  earthenware,  manufactured  by 
Hartley,  Greens  &  Co.,  at  Leeds  Pottery,  with  a  great  variety 
of  other  articles.  The  same  enamelled,  printed,  or  ornamented 
with  gold  to  any  pattern ;  also  with  coats  of  arms,  ciphers, 
landscapes,  &c,  Leeds,  1786."  An  edition  in  German  bears 
the  early  date  of  1788,  and  a  French  copy  1785.  The  partners 
in  1788-4,  composing  the  firm,  were,  William  Hartley,  Joshua 
Green,  John  Green,  Henry  Ackroyd,  John  Barwic,  Samuel 
Wainwright,  Thomas  Wainwright,  George  Hanson,  and  Saville 
Green.  In  1800  two  fresh  partners  joined  the  concern,  Ebene- 
zer  Green  and  E.  Parsons.    A  very  extensive  business  was 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.         55 

carried  on,  but  in  consequence  of  disagreements  among  the 
numerous  persons  interested,  the  concern  was  thrown  into 
Chancery,  and  in  1825  it  was  purchased  by  Mr.  Samuel  Wain- 
wright,  and  for  a  short  time  was  styled  "  S.  Wainwright  and 
Co."  At  his  death  in  1882  the  trustees  carried  on  the  business 
under  the  style  of  the  "Leeds  Pottery  Company,"  managed  by 
Stephen  Chappel,  and  shortly  after  the  whole  concern  was 
transferred  to  Stephen  and  James  Chappell,  and  continued  by 
them  until  1847,  when  they  became  bankrupt.  The  assignees 
carried  it  on  for  a  few  years,  managed  by  Mr.  Richard  Britton, 
and  in  1850  Mr.  Samuel  War  burton  bought  the  works  in 
partnership  with  Britton,  under  the  style  of  "Warburton, 
Britton,  &  Co."  Of  the  many  kinds  of  goods  manufactured  at 
the  Leeds  works,  those  sent  out  by  Messrs.  Hartley,  Greens  & 
Co.,  command  especial  attention.  Nothing  can  exceed  the 
Quality  of  material  and  the  beauty  of  the  workmanship  displayed 
in  the  many  really  exquisite  examples  that  are  preserved  in 
public  and  private  collections,  particularly  in  regard  to  the 
Queen's  ware.  This  ware  bears  considerable  resemblance  in 
the  paste  to  Staffordshire  Queen's  ware;  but  differs  in  the 
colour  of  the  glaze,  which  is  of  a  mellower  kind.  The  perforated 
or  pierced  work  is  characteristic ;  although  apparently  of  infinite 
variety,  it  is  confined  to  a  few  patterns  repeated  over  and  over 
again.  The  embossed  festoons,  masks,  flower  and  figure  knobs, 
the  pressed  rims,  the  twisted  handles,  terminating  in  floriated 
work,  are  all  finely  modelled,  and  frequently  tinted  or  lined  in 
different  colours.  Specimens  in  wicker  work  and  plain  ware, 
painted  or  enamelled  with  flowers  and  insects,  partly  gilt  and 
ornamented  in  transfer  printing,  as  well  as  figures  and  groups 
are  met  with.  Ciphers,  mottoes,  and  rhymes  are  of  frequent 
occurrence  on  the  Leeds  wares.  A  jug  in  my  collection  is 
inscribed : — 

"  In  God  will 

I  trust." 

Another  in  the  possession  of  Miss  Hainsworth,  of  Bingley,  who 

informs  me  that  it  was  made  for  her  grandmother,  bears  the 

following  lines : — 

"  A  present  for  Sarah  Hainsworth 
Steal  not  this  Jug  my  honest  friend 
For  fear  the  gallows  be  your  end 
And  when  you  die  the  Lord  will  say 
"Where  is  the  Jug  you  stoal  away." 
It  is  to  be  regretted  that  a  complete  list  of  the  figures,  busts, 
and  groups,  has  not  hitherto  been  made,  as  the  subjects  were 
various,  and  generally  of  a  superior  order;   specimens,  well 
authenticated  as  of  Leeds  manufacture,  fetch  high  prices  when 
offered  for  sale;    China,  or  porcelain,  was  also  made  at  Leeds, 
but  at  what  period  it  was  introduced  I  have  not  been  able  to 


56        Y0RK8HIKE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

ascertain.  A  friend  of  mine,  however,  who  was  employed  at 
the  works,  when  nnder  the  management  of  Stephen  and  James 
Chappell,  and  who  left  in  1846,  the  year  before  those  gentlemen 
were  declared  bankrupt,  testifies  to  its  production  at  that  time. 
Marked  specimens  of  Leeds  ware  are  seldom  met  with,  the  mark 
generally  found  is  the  name  of  the  pottery,  impressed  in  full, 
"  Leeds  Pottery."  Sometimes  it  is  repeated  and  arranged  in 
the  form  of  the  letter  X.  Other  examples  are  "  L.  P."  (Leeds 
Pottery)  and  "  L.  P.  C."  (Leeds  Pottery  Company).  A  rarer 
type  is  "Hartley,  Greens  &  Co.,  Leeds  Pottery.'*  The 
letters  "  G.  and  G.,M  surmounted  by  a  crown,  "  C.  G."  (Charles 
Green)  and  "  C.  G."  with  "  W."  underneath,  and  an  arrow-head 
are  now  considered  as  early  marks.  The  horse-shoe  is  another 
mark  found  impressed  on  the  Leeds  ware.  I  have  a  jug  in  my 
collection  ornamented  with  raised  thistles  and  roses,  on  the 
bottom  of  which  is  the  letter  "  G."  enclosed  by  the  Masonic 
symbols,  the  compass  and  square  embossed ;  a  mark  that  may, 
with  great  probability,  be  attributed  to  Leeds. 

J.   £•   Preston. 

Village  Feasts. —  Information  is  desired  relating  to  the 
origin  of  any  of  the  Yorkshire  village  feasts,  tides,  wakes, 
thumps,  rants,  and  rushbearings.  Inquirer. 


/ 


^  fehs  tHEorba  tm  lift  Jglfot.*    . 

By  Llewellynn  Jewitt,  F.S.A.,  &c. 

THE  occurrence  of  a  Fylfot  of  remarkable,  if  not  unique, 
character,  on  one  of  the  fine  old  sculptured  crosses  in 
which  the  Isle  of  Mann  is  so  peculiarly  rich,  affords  oppor- 
tunity which  I  gladly  seize,  of  giving  in  the  first  number  of 
"  The  Manx  Note  Book,"  a  few  words  upon  that  figure  and  on 
its  meaning  and  symbolism.  The  stone  to  which  I  allude  is  at 
Onchan,  and  is,  so  far  as  I  am  at  present  aware,  the  only 
instance  of  the  occurrence  of  a  Fylfot  on  any  of  the  ancient 
sculptured  stones  on  the  Island.  On  some  others,  as  I  may 
possibly  take  occasion  to  point  out,  the  ornamentation  partakes 
of  the  Fylfot  form  and  feeling,  but  no  other  distinct  and  clear 
example  I  believe  occurs. 

The  slab,  of  which  an  engraving  appears  on  Plate  VI.  of 
"The  Runic  and  other  Monumental  Remains  of  the  Isle  of 
Mann,"  by  my  friend  the  late  Rev.  J.  G.  Cumming,  bears,  in 
relief,  a  cross,  with  surrounding  circle  and  shaft,  whose  entire 
surfaces  are  covered  with  an  elaborate  guilloche  pattern,  the 
intricate  interlacing  of  which  is  well  defined.  This  shafted 
cross  occupies  about  two-thirds  of  the  length  of  the  slab,  and 

•The  occurrence  of  the  Swastika  on  the  rooks  at  Hkley  suggested  the 
reproduction  of  this  valuable  article  in  our  pages. — Ed. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


67 


is  surrounded  by  an  outline  terminating  in  a  scroll  on  each 
side  at  the  foot.  On  either  side  the  shaft  is  a  grotesque 
animal,  and  at  the  foot  a  line  of  scroll-ornament,  from  which 
rises,  on  each  side,  a  simple  band  terminating  in  scrolls  behind 
and  above  their  heads.  On  the  lower  part  of  the  slab  below 
the  scroll-ornament  base  of  the  cross,  and  entirely  clear  and 
distinct  from  it,  and  independent  of  all  other  ornament  or 
device  is  the  Fylfot  to  which  I  am  about  to  direct  attention  ;  it 
is  placed  somewhat  diagonally  upon  the  plain  portion  of  the 
slab,  and  measures  about  a  foot  from  limb  to  limb.  This 
Fylfot  which,  as  I  have  said,  is  remarkable  if  not  unique  in  its 
development,  I  have  had  engraved  on  Fig.  17.  It  is,  as  will  be 
then  seen,  formed  of  four  crozier-like  limbs  whose  shafts 
intersect  each  other  in  the  centre ;  the  scrolls  being  three-fold. 

The  "Fylfot,"  "Fytfot,"  " Gammadion, "  or  "Thorr's 
Hammer,"  as  it  is  variously  called — "the  dissembled  cross 
under  the  discipline  of  the  secret " — is  one  of  the  most  curious 
and  ancient  forms  of  cross,  and  its  mysticism  and  symbolism 
are  very  marked.  By  some  writers  it  is  said  to  be  formed  of 
four  gammas  conjoined  in  the  centre  "which,  as  numerals, 
expressed  the  Holy  Trinity,  and,  by  its  rectangular  form, 
symbolized  the  chief  corner-stone  of  the  church  ";  by  others,  to 
be  formed  of  the  two  words  su  and  asti,  meaning  "  it  is  well," 
or  "  so  be  it,"  and  implying  complete  resignation.  From  this 
the  Swastika*,  the  opponents  of  the  Brahmins,  received  their 
name ;  "  their  monogrammatic  emblem,  or  symbol,  being  the 
mystic  cross  p^J  formed  by  the  combination  of  two  syllables  su 
x  U  =  suti,  or  swasti."  With  all  this,  however,  I  have  nothing 
to  do  on  the  present  occasion.  Heraldically,  the  Fylfot  may  be 
described  as  a  cross  cramponnee,  or  rebated.  In  its  proper 
proportion,  as  I  have  on  other  occasions  shewn,  it  is  a  square 
area  divided  into  twenty-five  square  parts  (i.  e.,  five  each  way) 
thus  (Fig.  1)  of  which  seventeen  form  the  figure. 


_i 

i 


Fig.  1. 


Rg.  2. 


Fig.  3. 


It  is,  therefore,  simply  a  plain  Greek  cross,  or  cross  of  St. 
George,  composed  of  nine  of  these  squares  (as  in  Fig.  2.)  with 
the  terminations  of  the  limbs  rebated  and  continued  to  the 
outer  edges  of  the  general  square,  as  shewn  on  Fig.  8.  Or,  in 
other  words,  it  is  a  plain  cross  of  five  squares  within  a  border 
of  similar  squares  from  which  the  fourth  (or  second)  on  each 
side  has  been  omitted.    In  this,  its  simple  form,  it  occurs  as  I 


58         YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

shall  presently  show,  from  the  very  earliest  times  from  which 
art-relics  have  come  down  to  us  and  among  nations  and  peoples 
far  removed  from  each  other  in  their  geographical  distribution, 
in  sentiments,  and  in  religion. 

In  northern  mythology  the  Fylfot  is  known  as  the  Hammer 
of  Thorr,  tbe  Scandinavian  God,  or  Thunderer,  and  is  called 
"  Thorr's  Hammer  "  or  the  "  Thunderbolt."  The  same  is  said 
of  the  Tau  which,  though  somewhat  hammer-shaped  according 
to  our  form  of  hammer,  bears  no  possible  resemblance  to  the 
ancient  emblem  of  the  thunderbolt.  The  Scandinavian  god 
Thorr,  whose  day  Thornday  or  Thursday  stands  between  those 
of  his  father  (Wodin  or  Odin,  Wodensd&y,  Wednesday,)  and 
mother  (Fria  or  Friga,  Friday,  Friday)  was  "  the  bravest  of 
the  sons  of  Odin"  and  "believed  to  bee  of  the  moste  marvellous 
power  and  might ;  yea,  and  that  there  were  no  people  through- 
out the  whole  world  that  were  not  subjected  unto  him,  and  did 
not  owe  him  divine  honour  and  service;  that  there  was  no 
puissance  comparable  unto  his.  His  dominion  of  all  others 
most  farthest  extending  itself,  both  in  heaven  and  earth.  That 
in  the  air  he  governed  the  winds  and  the  cloudes ;  and  being 
displeased,  did  cause  lightning,  thunder,  and  tempest,  with  ex- 
cessive raine,  haile,  and  all  ille  weather.  But,  being  well 
pleased  by  the  adoration,  sacrifice,  and  service  of  his  suppliants 
he  then  bestowed  upon  them  most  faire  and  seasonable  weather ; 
and  caused  corne  abundantly  to  growe ;  a?  all  sorts  of  fruites, 
&c;  and  kept  away  the  plague  and  all  other  evill  and  infectious 
diseases."  The  emblem  of  this  god,  Thorr  or  tbe  Thunderer, 
was,  as  I  have  said,  a  thunderbolt  or  hammer  of  gold,  which 
hammer  was  frequently  represented  as  a  Fylfot.  His  hammer, 
it  is  said,  had  the  peculiar  property  that  whenever  thrown  it 
never  failed  to  strike  the  object  at  which  it  was  aimed  and 
always  returned  or  flew  back  to  his  hand.*  This  property  will 
be  recognised  as  similar  to  that  of  the  boomerang ;  and  here, 
surely,  as  I  have  already  on  another  occasion  advanced,  we 
have  a  curious  and  interesting  insight  into  the  origin  of  the 
form  of  the  emblem  itself.  As  I  have  just  said,  the  fylfot  is 
described  by  some  writers  as  being  formed  of  four  gammas 
conjoined  in  the  centre.  The  form  of  the  boomerang,  some- 
thing like  a  letter  V  with  a  rounded,  instead  of  pointed 
bottom,  bears  a  marked  resemblance  to  the  ancient  gamma, 
and  it  is  a  missile  instrument,  which  on  being  skilfully  thrown, 
slowly  ascends  into  the  air,  whirling  round  and  round  till  it 
reaches  a  considerable  height  and  then  returns,  until  it  Anally 
sweeps  over  the  head  of  the  thrower  and  strikes  the  ground  or 


*  His  weapon  being  a  thunderbolt  it  was  of  course  bat  natural  that  a 
belief  should  spring  up  that  it  returned  to  him  after  striking  where  aimed, 
else,  how  could  he  again  throw  it  ? 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.         59 

other  object  behind  him.  When  this  power,  and  the  form  of 
the  boomerang,  are  remembered  in  connection  with  the  tra- 
ditional returning  power  of  the  hammer,  the  Fylfot  may  surely 
be  not  inappropriately  described  as  a  figure  composed  of  four 


boomerangs  conjoined  in  the  centre  OO  an<*  thus  emblema- 
tise the  "  Thunderer's  "  power.  This  form  of  Fylfot  is  not  at 
all  uncommon  on  early  examples  from  Troy  and  other  places 
and  countries.    It  is  indeed  simply  the  ordinary  Fylfot  with 

the  angles  rounded  almost  as  though  formed  of  two 
S's  crosswise. 


The  Fylfot  is  found  on  early  Scandinavian,  Danish,  Indian, 
and  Gaulish  coins,  as  well  as  those  of  Syracuse, 
Corinth,  and  Ghalcedon.  It  is  also  occasionally 
found  on  Anglo-Saxon  coins;  on  one  of  these,  of 
the  sixth  or  seventh  century,  the  rebate  of  each 
of  the  limbs  does  not  start  from  quite  the  top, 
and  is  pointed.  Some  of  the  ancient  Danish 
*%• 7-  coins  on  which  the  emblem  appears,  bear  also 

the  name  of  Thorr  in  runes. 

One  of  the  most  remarkable  assemblages  of  objects  of  high 
antiquity  upon  which  the  Fylfot  appears  is  that  of  the  terra- 
cotta whorls,  pottery,  and  the  like,  brought  to  light  by  Dr. 
Schliemann,  and  figured  in  his  work  upon  Troy  and  its  Remains. 
With  regard  to  these  the  doctor  remarks  that  he  had  frequently 
found  both  the  f£|  and  the  Ijjg  on  remains  during  the  course 
of  his  excavations  without  at  first  being  able  to  understand 
their  meaning.  After  researches  in  different  works,  however, 
he  came  to  the  conclusion  "that  both  the  ^  and  the  flJ 
which  he  found  in  Emile  Burnouf  s  Sanscrit  Lexicon  under  the 

name  of  Suastika,  and  as  to  the  meaning  of = — ,  or,  as  the 

sign  of  good-wishes,  were  already  regarded,  thousands  of  years 
before  Christ,  as  religious  symbols  of  the  very  greatest  import- 
ance among  the  early  progenitors  of  the  Aryan  races  in  Bactria, 
and  in  the  villages  of  the  Oxus,  at  a  time  when  the  Germans, 
Indians,  Pelasgians,  Celts,  Persians,  Sclavonians,  and  Iranians, 
still  formed  one  nation  and  spoke  one  language ;  "  and  he  pro- 
ceeds to  cite  a  vast  number  of  instances  in  which  he,  in  the 
course  of  his  investigations,  has  found  it  occurring.  Without, 
however,  following  him,  or  Emile  Burnouf,  or  Max  Miiller,  or 
other  works,  to  which  those  who  wish  to  pursue  the  subject 
further  may  be  glad  to  refer,  but  from  which  space  would  not 
allow  me  to  quote,  I  will  proceed  to  give  a  few  examples  that 
will  be  useful  for  reference  and  comparison. 


YORKSHIBE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


occur  in  the  Catacombs 
of  Rome.  The  Colchester 
vase,  so  called  because  it 
was  found  in  the  Roman 
Cemetery,  which  formed 
the  site  of  West  Lodge, 
near  that  city,  where  it 
had  been  used  as  a  sepul- 
chral urn,  bears  as  one  of 
the  three  groups  with 
which  it  is  decorated,  a 
representation  of  a  combat 
between  two  gladiators — 
a  SectUor  and  a  Eetiarius. 
The  former,  wearing  a 
close  helmet  and  armed 
with  sword  and  shield,  is 
advancing  upon  his  con- 

„  quered  adversary  prepared 

Fig.  20.    The  Colchester  Vase.  ^  gtrike  the  ffttftl  Mo^ 

while  the  latter,  who  has  been  vanquished,  has  dropped  his 
trident  and  is  elevating  his  right  hand  to  implore  mercy  from 
the  spectators.  It  is  on  the  shield  of  the  Secutor  that  the 
Fylfot  occurs  and  is  probably  there  placed  as  an  emblem  of 
asserted  power  and  victory.  Over  the  head  of  the  Secutor  are 
the  letters  memn  -  n  -  sag  -  vi  in,  which  (taking  it  for  granted 
that  the  a  in  sac  should  be  e)  has  been  read  as  Memrdvus  [or 
Memnon]  numeii  secutorum  victor  ter, 
or,  "Memnius  [or  Memnon]  of  the 
number  [or  band]  of  secutors, 
conqueror  thrice " ;  over  that  of 
the  Retiariusj  valentinv  leoionis 
xxx,  meaning,  clearly,  "  Valentinus 
of  the  thirtieth  legion,"  who  was, 
doubtless,  the  vanquished  one 
whose  figure  appears.  On  another 
vase,  which  I  give  as  a  companion 
to  this  (Fig.  21),  a  nude  figure  is 
represented  holding  the  thunder- 
bolt. 

From  the  time  of  the  Romans, 
or,  earlier  still,  from  that  of  the 
Norsemen,  the  Fylfot  has,  in  one 
way  or  other,  been  used  down  to 
the  present  day  in  our  own  country. 
Besides  the  earlier  examples  to 
which  I  have  referred,  and  many 
others  that  could  be  cited,  it  is, 
later  on,  found  on  a  shield  on  the 


Fig.  21. 


Y0RK8HIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


Bayeux  tapestry  (Fig.  22),  and,  later  still,  is  not  unfrequently 
met  with  on  monumental  brasses  and  sculptured  effigies  of 
ecclesiastics,  military  and  laymen.  Thus,  on  the  examples 
here  engraved  (Figs.  28  to  27),  it  forms,  on  the  brass  of 
Thomas  de  Hop  (circa  1800)  a  priest,  in  Kemsing 
Church,  alternately  with  quatrefoils,  a  border  on 
the  collar  of  the  chasuble;  on  that  of  Richard 
Hakebourae,  in  Merton  College,  on  the  border  of 
the  collar  and  sleeves;  on  the  collar  of  the  chasuble 
of  the  brass  of  Walter  Frilend's,  at  Oakham, 
Surrey,  and  John  Alderburne  at  Lewknor  and 
others ;  and  on  those  of  Bishop  Branscomb,  Sir 
John  D'Abernoun,  and  many  others.  It  may, 
probably,  have  been  adopted  by  Christians  through 
its  consisting  of  four  gammas,  which,  as  numerals, 
expressed  the  Holy  Trinity,  and,  by  its  rectangular 
form,  symbolized  the  chief  corner-stone  of  the 
Church. 


Fig.  22. 


Ifflfflffl 


Pig.  23. 


Pig.  26.  Fig.  27. 

The  Fylfot  either  in  its  simple  f^J  form,  or  of  more  or  less 
complicated  development  pU  or  combined  with  other  Figures, 
was  also  a  favourite  device  upon  mediaeval  bells,  and  enters, 
not  nnfrequently,  into  the  marks  adopted  by  their  founders, 
more  especially  those  of  the  midland  counties  of  England.  Of 
these,  I  give  engravings  of  one  or  two  examples  on  Figs.  80  to 


Fig.  30. 


64 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


82.    As  the  ringing  of  the  Church  bells  in  times  of  tempest 
was  superstitiously  believed  to  drive  away  thunder,  probably 


Fig.  31. 
the  old  Thunderer  superstition  that  had  not  died  out  of  the 
popular  mind  might  have  had  something  to  do  with  the  putting 
thereon  the  sign  of  Thorr,   who  was 
i^-^x    ^|       y(     believed  to  have  power  over  storms 

Ifj)     1 1 1  /     and  tempests,  and  of  himself  throwing 

U-^     I  t=^4 1     the  thunderbolts. 

I  have  said,  perhaps,  enough  on  the 
u  subject  to  show  that  more  than  a  pass- 

u"" 1      (1  ing  interest  attaches  itself  to  even  so 

r      ■  j; — '1  apparently  trivial  a  matter  as  the  oc- 

currence of  an  out-of-the-way  ornament 
on  a  slab  in  a  village  church-yard,  and, 
I  trust,  by  so  doing  I  may  lead  others 
to  examine  more  closely  the  remains  of 
Fig.  82.  past  ages  that  are  spread  so  lavishly 

over  the  length  and  breadth  of  the  Island,  and  to  note  their 
peculiarities,  trace  out  their  symbolism  and  hidden  meaning* 
and  give  to  the  world  the-result  of  their  researches. 

The  Hollies, 
Driffield,  Derby. 


Baildon. — I  am  collecting  materials  for  a  History  of  Baildon 
and  the  Baildon  Family.  I  shall  be  very  grateful  for  any 
information.  Palet  Baildon. 

19,  Old  Buildings,  Lincoln's  Inn, 
London,  W.  C. 

Darton  Parish  Begistebs. — Have  the  Registers  of  Darton,. 
near  Barnsley,  been  published  ?  E.  H. — S. 


65 


VlS^MMtfitii'j 


Y.N.Q. 


96  YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

&b*  #t0ratrian  £tUkmtnir  |faln*rk,  fjorksljir*. 

A  chapter  of  Yorkshire  history  that  is  now  very  much  needed, 
and  that  ought  soon  to  be  written,  is  that  of  the  Work  of  the 
Moravian  Brethren  in  this  County,  which  began  as  far  back  as 
the  year  1788.  It  is  not  for  me  to  say  who  shall  write  this 
Chapter,  but  I  have  not  the  least  hesitation  in  saying  that  the 
Rev.  A.  C.  Hasse,  a  Moravian  Minister  and  Bishop  of  the 
Church,  is  the  gentleman  most  competent  for  such  a  task.  Not 
only  does  he  possess  the  necessary  materials  for  it,  but  he  has 
also  the  enthusiasm  of  a  genuine  antiquary,  and  a  reverence 
for  the  marvellous  labours  of  the  early  Brethren,  that  would 
enable  him  to  infuse  the  true  spirit  of  the  historian  into  his 
writings. 

Having  said  so  much  I  dare  not  venture  further,  on  this  head, 
unless  I  may  be  allowed  to  give  expression  to  the  hope  that 
this  useful  and  necessary  work  may  not  be  delayed  too  long. 
Mr.  Hasse  has  laboured  long  and  industriously  in  gathering  up 
the  fragments  that  go  to  make  a  complete  whole,  and  if  the 
compilation  and  completion  of  the  work  be  not  carried  out  by 
him  who  else  can  be  found  able  and  willing  to  do  it  ? 

In  the  absence  of  a  complete  narrative  of  Yorkshire  Moravian 
history,  one  has,  of  course,  to  be  thankful  for  any  small  con- 
tributions that  may  come  in  one's  way.  Perhaps  one  of  the 
best  of  these  is  the  pamphlet  that  was  issued  at  the  time  of  the 
celebration  of  the  Centenary  Jubilee  of  the  Brethren's  Yorkshire 
Congregations  in  1855. 

From  this  source  we  learn  that  in  1788,  John  Toeltschig,  one 
of  the  Brethren,  and  son  of  a  magistrate  in  Moravia,  was  sent 
to  Yorkshire,  at  the  Bev.  Benjamin  Ingham's  special  request, 
to  aid  him  in  the  work  of  evangelisation  which  he  was  carrying 
on  here.  He  was  followed  in  1741,  by  Peter  Boehler,  a  learned 
and  pious  man  among  the  Brethren,  and  at  the  head  of  the 
Fetter  Lane  Society  in  London,  connected  with  which  were 
John  and  Charles  Wesley,  and  many  Moravians  from  Germany. 
This  body  of  Christian  labourers  included  about  fifteen  preachers. 
In  1742,  a  number  of  them  accompanied  Toeltschig  into  York- 
shire, taking  up  their  abode  first  at  Smith  House,  Lightcliffe, 
the  residence  of  a  Mrs.  Holmes,  whose  husband  had  visited  the 
Brethren  in  London.  By  the  next  year  1748,  they  had  no  less 
than  47  meeting  houses  or  preaching  stations ;  several  of  which, 
in  later  times,  developed  into  "settled"  congregations,  such  as 
those  now  existing  at  Wyke,  Wellhouse,  Gomersal,  Baildon,  &c. 
The  land  for  the  Fulneck  settlement  was  purchased  by  the  Bev. 
Benjamin  Ingham,  for  the  Moravians,  in  January,  1744,  and 
at  Candlemas,  (Feby.  2)  one  month  after  the  purchase,  the 
Brethren  moved  into  the  houses  upon  the  top  of  the  hill,  one  of 
which  was  adapted  for  a  dwelling  for  the  "labourers/1  and 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.         67 

another  fop  a  meeting  room.  The  whole  tract  of  land,  which 
now  forma  the  gardens,  meadows,  and  plantations  of  the  Ful- 
neck settlement,  was  then  one  wild,  uncultivated  common, 
covered  with  briars  and  brambles.  Applicable,  truly*  were  the 
words  of  the  prophet  to  this  chosen  spot;  "Instead  of  the  thorn 
shall  eome  up  the  fir  tree,  and  instead  of  the  briar  shall  come 
up  the  myrtle  tree." 

The  name  given  to  the  new  settlement  was  first  Lamb's  Hill ; 
afterwards  it  received  the  name  of  Grace  Hall,  and  about  1763, 
the  name  of  Fulneck.  It  was  in  May,  1746S  that  the  site  was 
consecrated,  and  the  foundation  stone  laid  by  the  brethren 
Toeltschig,  Oekershausen,  and  Hauptman.  In  March,  1748, 
the  portion  set  out  for  the  labourers  was  finished  and  im- 
mediately occupied.  The  whole  was  completed  in  June,  and 
was  solemnly  consecrated  by  Johannes  de  Watteville,  assisted 
by  Peter  Boahler.  The  Organ  was  erected  the  same  year  by 
Snetzler,  the  most  eminent  Organ  builder  in  England,  at  that 
period.  The  pulpit  was  not  erected  till  1750,  and  the  first 
preacher  who  occupied  it  was  the  gifted  Benjamin  La  Trobe. 
The  foundation  stones  were  laid  of  the  two  houses  (called  the 
Choir  houses)  for  the  brethren  and  sisters  by  Count  Zinzendorf, 
and  his  Bon  Benatus,  in  1749,  though  they  were  not  completed 
until  1752.  In  1767,  the  Sisters'  house  being  fall,  a  large  house 
at  Little-moor  was  rented  for  their  accommodation.  The  burial- 
ground  was  consecrated  1749.  From  1750  to  1758,  the  terrace 
and  gardens  were  laid  out.  The  boys'  school  was  built  in  1785, 
and  enlarged  in  1818 ;  and  in  the  year  1800,  Sunday  Schools 
were  established  by  the  Bev.  John  Hartley. 

In  order  to  carry  out  the  original  plan  of  a  settlement  and  to 
find  employment  for  the  brethren  and  sisters  living  at  Fulneck, 
diaconiea  or  establishments  for  carrying  on  different  trades 
were  commenced.  The  brethren's  house  began  the  clothing 
business  in  1756,  and  subsequently  a  worsted  and  glove  manu- 
factory, a  farm,  a  public  bakehouse,  a  tailor's,  and  a  shoemaker's 
business ;  while  in  the  sisters'  house  were  carried  on  different 
branches  of  needlework  and  hosiery  trades. 

Truly  marvellous  must  have  been  the  faith  of  the  Moravian 
brethren,  who  in  the  face  of  peculiar  trials  and  discouragements, 
could  set  about  the  erection  of  Chapels,  Ministers'  houses, 
Choir  houses,  and  Schools,  at  a  cost  of  not  less  than  £15,000, 
and  this  at  a  time  when  there  was  no  wealthy  religious  public 
to  appreciate  and  sympathise  with  their  efforts. 

Dear  and  venerated  spot,  what  memories  of  eminent  and 
worthy  men  are  written  in  its  very  walls!  Well  might  the 
Brethren  of  to  day  delight  to  honour  the  names  of  men  like 
Zinzendorf,  Spangenberg,  and  Boehler.  Fulneck  has,  indeed, 
a  history  of  which  it  may  well  feel  proud.  A  long  list  of  great 
and.  good  men,,  who  received  their  education  within  its  seminary, 


68  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

might  easily  be  made,  but  it  will  suffice  to  enumerate — Richard 
Oastler,  the  "Factory  King";  James  Montgomery,  the  poet ; 
Edward  Atherstone,  author  of  "  The  Fall  of  Nineveh/'  &c; 
John  Edwards,  the  poet ;  and  members  of  the  distinguished 
La  Trobe  family.  W.8. 

We  are  indebted  to  Mr.  J.  J.  England,  of  Upper  Wortley, 
for  a  copy  of  the  rare  German  print  of  Fulneck.  Mr.  England 
has  done  most  valuable  service  for  the  future  History  *of  Mora- 
vianism  in  Yorkshire,  by  his  superb,  artistic  sketches,  of  which 
he  has  published  the  following: — Yorkshire  Moravian  Preaching 
Houses,  Fulneck,  (various  views),  Little  Horton,  Baildon,  Well 
House,  Heckmondwike,  Wyke,  Gomersall  ;  with  Fairfield, 
several  views,  and  Ockbrook.  Kirkstall  Abbey  is  the  subject 
of  two  other  of  Mr.  England's  sketches.  We  can  thoroughly 
endorse  from  personal  acquaintance,  our  correspondent's  re- 
marks as  to  the  pre-eminent  fitnesa  of  Bishop  Hasse  as  the 
Historian  of  the  Brethren,  and  hope  the  Yorkshire  Section  is 
far  advanced  in  his  hands. 


Common-land  Tbrms. — Could  you  kindly  refer  me  to  any 
book  or  pamphlet,  where  I  can  see  a  good  account  of  what  are 
called  "  Reins,"  boundaries  or  divisions  of  land.    W.B. — A.V. 

(Seebohm's  Villaqe  Gommnnitin.    Any  other  book  ?) 


High  Sunderland  is  an  ancient  mansion,  about  a  mile  from 
Halifax,  on  the  old  Bradford  Road,  and  seems  to  be  so  named 
from  its  high  situation,  and  on  account  of  the  land  being 
sundered,  or  separated,  for  some  purpose  or  other.  The  reason 
for  this  name  is  now  lost,  and  it  must  have  originated  in  Saxon 
times,  judging  not  only  by  the  etymology,  but  from  the  fact  of 
High  Sunderland  being  mentioned  in  the  Manorial  Bolls, 
yearly,  from  1800.  It  is  just  without  the  jurisdiction  of  the 
gibbet-law,  yet  we  scarcely  think  this  fact  can  have  any  relation 
to  its  sundered  position. 

Watson  thought  that  the  present  edifice  was  reared  about 
1597,  being  the  work  of  Richard  Sunderland,  who  married 
Susan  Saltonstall,  or  of  his  son  Abraham,  who  married  Eliza- 
beth Langdale,  but  more  probably  the  latter,  because  the  arms 
of  Saltonstall  and  Langdale,  impaled  with  those  of  Sunderland, 
are  found  in  the  windows.  A  pedigree  of  this  family,  with  the 
descent  to  the  present  time,  and  a  portrait  of  the  local  worthy, 
Captain  Langdale  Sunderland,  will  be  given  in  an  early  part. 
The  house  has  been  highly  decorated,  and  some  statues  and 
busts  still  remain.    Under  the  arms  of  Saltonstall,  Langdale, 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


69 


and  Thornhill,  (of  Fixby,  whence  Langdale  Sunderland  fetched 
his  wife,)  in  a  cnamber  window,  is  the  couplet, — 

Felix  quern  virtus  generosa  exornat  avorum, 


Et  qxii  vtrtute  suis  adjicit  ipse  decua.  L>S. 
(Happy  is  he  whom  the  illustrious  virtue  of  his  ancestors 
adorns,  and  who,  by  his  own  virtue,  adds  lustre  to  theirs.) 


70         YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

Thus  we  see  that  Langdale  did  something  towards  beautifying 
the  ancestral  home.  He  resided  afterwards  at  Coley  Hall,  as 
recorded  more  folly  in  Captain  John  Hodgson's  Memoirs.  Over 
the  North  door  at  High  Sunderland,  is  the  inscription, 

Ne  subeat  glis  serdus  (surdus) ; 
and  over  another  door  on  the  north  side, 

Ne  intret  amicus  hirudo. 
At  the  back  part  of  the  house  are  four  English  lines  too 
coarse  for  publication.    In  the  hall,  over  the  fire-place, 
Maxima  Domus  utilitas ;  et  pernicies,  Ignis  et  Lingua. 
(Houses  when  large  yield  comfort ;  fires  and  tongues  carry 
destruction  with  them.) 
Over  the  south  door : 
Hie  Locus  i  *'       ftmftt>     punit,   conservat,  honorat 

(Nequitiem,  pacem,  crimina,     jura,       probos. 
Confide  Deo,  Diffide  Tibi. 
This  Place  I     hates      loves  punishes  preserves    honours 
(profligacy  peace    crimes     justice     the  good. 
This  inscription  is  on  the  Town  House  at  Delft,  in  Holland, 
and  Glasgow  Town  Hall,  where  bonos  appears  for  probos.    A 
pillar  on  the  left  hand  of  the  south  door  bears  the  words — Patria 
Domus,  and  on  the  right  side— Optima  Caelum.    On  the  south 
front: 

Omnipotens  faxet,  stirps  Sunderlandia  sedes 
Incolet  has  placide,  et  tueatur  jura  parentum, 
Lite  vacans,  donee  fluctus  formica  marinos 
Ebibat,  et  totum  testudo  perambulet  orbem ! 
(The  Almighty  grant  that  the  family  of  Sunderland  may 
peaceably  possess  the  mansion  and  preserve  the  rights  of  its 
ancestors,  till  the  ant  drink  up  the  waters  of  the  sea,  and  the 
tortoise  traverse  the  whole  world.)    The  disasters  of  the  civil 
war  thwarted  this  comprehensive  wish,  for  Langdale  Sunder- 
land was  reduced  to  the  necessity  of  selling  his  ancestral  home, 
and  also  Coley  Hall,  to  the  Hortons.    Over  the  principal  gate- 
way is : 

Nunquam  hanc  pulset  portam  qui  violat  aquum. 
(Never  may  he  who  violates  justice  seek  to  enter  this  gate.) 
On  the  same  is  a  cherub  sounding  a  trumpet,  and  on  a  scroll : 
Fama  virtu  turn,  tuba  perennis. 
(The  fame  of  virtuous  deeds  is  a  perpetual  trumpet.) 
We  are  indebted  to  J.  Whiteley  Ward,  Esq.,  of  Halifax,  for 
the  following  abstract,  tracing  the  property  to  the  present  day. 
18  May,  1796.    At  a  Court  Baron  held  at  Wakefield,  for  the 
Manor  of  Wakefield,  on  this  date,  Thomas  Horton,  of  Hound- 
hill,  in  the  County  of  York,  Clerk,  came  before  the  Steward, 
with  the  consent  and  approbation  of  Sir  Watts  Horton,  of 
Chaderton  (or  Chadc/erton),  in  the  County  of  Lancaster,  Bart., 
(the  eldest  son  and  heir-at-law  of  Sir  Willm.  Horton,  Bart., 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.         71 

deceased,  and  Grandson  and  heir-at-law  of  Thos.  Horton,  Esq.) 
and  took  of  the  Lord  of  the  feaid  Manor — 

All  the  copyhold  portion  of  the  houses,  farms,  lands,  and 
premises,  situate  at  High  Sunderland,  in  Northowram,  in 
the  Graveship  of  Hipperholme,  in  the  parish  of  Halifax. 

All  which  said  premises  had  been  then  lately  seized  into  the 
hands  of  the  Lord  of  the  said  Manor,  for  that  he,  the  said  Sir 
Watts  Horton,*  had  leased  the  same  by  an  Indenture,  dated 
the  2nd  March  then  last  past,  to  his  youngest  brother,  William 
Horton,  of  Chadderton,  Esquire,  for  a  term  of  twenty-one  years, 
"  without  fine  thereof  made  with  the  Lord  of  the  Manor  afore- 
"  said,  in  contempt  of  the  Lord,  and  contrary  to  the  custom  of 
"the  said  Manor,  as  at  Court  Baron  called  at  Wakefield 
"  aforesaid,  in  and  for  the  said  Manor,  of  the  2nd  day  of  March 
"  then  last  past,  by  a  certain  Inquest  then  sworn  for  the  Lord 
"  of  the  Manor  aforesaid,  it  was  found  and  presented ;  where 
"  upon  proclamation  was  openly  made  and  published  in  three 
"  usual  Courts  holden  at  Wakefield  aforesaid,  that  if  any  persons 
"  would  claim  to  hold  of  the  Lord  of  the  Manor  aforesaid,  all 
"  the  said  premises,  with  the  appurtenances,  and  for  the  same 
"pay  and  perform  to  the  Lord  of  the  Manor  aforesaid,  the 
"rents,  fines,  and  services  therefor  due  and  accustomed,  they 
"  shall  come  in  and  be  received,  and  nobody  did  claim  the  said 
"premises  except  the  said  Thomas  Horton  .  .  (one  of  the 
"brothers  of  the  said  Sir  Watts  Horton,)"  who  was  thereupon 
admitted  tenant  of  the  said  premises,  in  trust  for  the  said  Sir 
Watts  Horton. 

8th  May,  1798.  By  a  deed  of  this  date,  made  between  Sir 
Watts  Horton  of  the  first  part,  the  Bev.  Thomas  Horton  of  the 
2nd  part,  and  the  Bight  Hon.  Edward,  Earl  of  Derby,  the  Bev. 
Geoffrey  Hornby,  Bector  of  Wittwick,  Lancashire,  and  George 
Lloyd,  of  Manchester,  Esquire,  on  the  3rd  part,  the  property 
was  mortgaged  by  Sir  Watts  Horton  to  the  Earl  of  Derby,  Bev. 
G.  Hornby,  and  G.  Lloyd,  as  Executors  of  the  Will  of  the 
Honourable  Elizabeth  Horton,  the  late  wife  of  the  said  Thomas 
Horton.    [This  Mrs.  Horton  was  the  sister  of  the  Earl  of  Derby.] 

29th  March,  1808.  Sir  Watts  Horton  having  sold  the  pro- 
perty to  William  Walker,  of  Crow  NeBt,  near  Halifax,  Esquire, 
it  was  conveyed  to  the  latter  by  a  deed  of  this  date,  to  which 
the  mortgagees  (Mrs.  Horton's  Executors  as  above)  were  parties* 

19th  August,  1809.  Mr.  William  Walker,  by  his  will  of  this 
date,  gave  the  property  to  his  Nephew,  William  Priestley* 

27th  May,  1811.  William  Priestley  was  admitted  tenant  of 
the  property,  under  the  will  of  Mr.  Walker,  at  a  Court  held  at 
Halifax,  on  this  date,  for  the  Lord  of  the  Manor  of  Wakefield. 

•  Sir  Watts  Horton  appe&ro,  from  a  deed  dated  27  May,  1778,  to  bare 
dcmed  his  title  at  a  mnoh  earlier  datei 


72         YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

9th  Dec,  1858.  William  Priestley  (described  as  "  of  Boston 
Spa,  better  known  by  the  name  of  Thorp  Arch,  in  the  County 
of  York,  Esquire,")  by  his  will  of  this  date,  gave  all  his  real 
estate  to  his  Nephew,  John  Bawson,  of  Brockwell,  in  Sowerby, 
in  the  parish  of  Halifax,  who  was  admitted  as  tenant  at  a 
Court  held  at  Wakefield,  on  the  18th  January,  1861.  [Wm. 
Priestley  died  1  April,  I860.] 

3rd  June,  1861.  By  Indenture  of  this  date,  John  Rawson 
conveyed  the  property  to  Evan  Charles  Sutherland- Walker, 
then  of  Crow  Nest,  near  Halifax,  Esquire,  who  sold  it  to  the 
present  owners,  Messrs.  Ward,  in  1866. 

In  the  conveyance  to  Wm.  Walker,  (29  Mch.,  1808,)  there  is 
a  covenant  by  Sir  Watts  Horton,  to  produce  the  following  title 
deeds,  which  were  retained  in  his  possession,  viz., 

1709,  Aug.  24th  &  25th.  Indentures  of  Lease  and  Release 
made  between  Thomas  Horton,  of  Chadderton,  Esq.,  of  the  1st 
part,  Bichard  Mostyn,  of  London,  Merchant,  and  Ann  his 
daughter,  of  the  2nd  part,  Sir  Bichard  Grosvenor,  of  Eaton,  in 
the  County  of  Chester,  Bart.,  and  Sir  Boger  Mostyn,  of  Mostyn, 
in  the  County  of  Flint,  Bart.,  of  the  8rd  part,  Bichard  Mostyn, 
of  Pimbedow,  in  the  County  of  Denbigh,  Esq.,  Oswald  Moseley, 
of  Ancoates,  in  the  County  of  Lancaster,  Esq.,  of  the  4th  part, 
and  Bichard  Marriott,  of  Alcot,  in  the  County  of  Gloucester, 
Esq.,  and  Edward  Hopwood,  of  Hopwood,  in  the  County  of 
Lancaster,  Esq.,  of  the  5th  part. 

1751,  Aug.  1st  &  2nd.  Indentures  of  Lease  and  Release  made 
between  the  said  Thos.  Horton,  and  William  Horton,  his  eldest 
son  and  heir  apparent,  of  the  1st  part,  Alexander  Casson  and 
Bichard  Casson,  Gentlemen,  of  the  2nd  part,  and  William  Shaw 
and  William  Furnival,  Gentlemen,  of  the  8rd  part. 

Michaelmas  Term,  25  Geo.  3rd.*  Exemplification  of  a  Re- 
covery suffered  in  the  Common  Pleas  at  Westminster,  wherein 
the  said  William  Shaw  and  William  Furnival,  are  demandants, 
the  said  Alex.  Casson  and  Bichard  Casson,  tenants,  and  the 
said  Wm.  Horton,  vouchee. 

1758,  May  2nd  &  8rd.  Indentures  of  Lease  and  Release 
made  between  the  said  Thos.  Horton  of  the  1st  part,  Sir  Thomas 
Mostyn,  of  Mostyn,  aforesaid,  Bart.,  son  and  heir  of  the  said 
Sir  Boger  Mostyn,  then  deceased,  who  survived  the  said  Sir 
Bichd.  Grosvenor,  of  the  2nd  part,  the  said  Willm.  Horton  (by 
the  description  of  Wm.  Horton,  Esq.,  eldest  son  and  heir  ap- 
parent of  the  said  Thos.  Horton)  and  Susannah  his  wife,  late 
Susannah  Watts,  the  niece  and  heir  of  John  Watts,  Esquire, 
deceased,  of  the  3rd  part,  the  said  Edward  Hopwood  (who  had 
survived  the  said  Bichard  Marriott)  of  the  4th  part,  Joshua 
Horton,  George  Lloyd,  and  Susannah  his  wife,  Mary  Horton, 
Ann  Horton,  Jane  Horton,  and  Sarah   Horton,    Spinsters, 

*(?Geo.2nd.) 


Y0KK8HIRE    K0TE8    AND    QUERIES.  73 

(which  said  Joshua  Horton  is  described  to  be  the  younger  son, 
and  the  said  Susannah  Lloyd,  Mary,  Ann,  Jane,  and  Sarah 
Horton,  were  the  daughters  of  the  said  Thomas  Horton,  by  Ann 
his  wife,  deceased,)  of  the  5th  part,  Edward  Gregg,  of  Chamber, 
in  the  County  of  Lancaster,  and  Anthony  Cook,  of  Hunslet,  in 
the  County  of  York,  Esquires,  of  the  6th  part,  and  George 
Legh,  Doctor  in  Divinity,  Yicar  of  Halifax,  of  the  7th  part. 

1778,  May  26th  &  27th.  Indentures  of  Lease  and  Release 
made  between  the  said  Sir  Watts  Horton  of  the  1st  part, 
Thomas  Winckley  and  Walter  Eerfoot,  Gentlemen,  of  the  2nd 
part,  and  the  said  Edward,  Earl  of  Derby,  and  George  Lloyd 
of  the  3rd  part. 

Trinity  Term,  18  Geo.  8rd.  Exemplification  of  Recovery, 
wherein  the  said  Edward,  Earl  of  Derby,  and  George  Lloyd, 
are  Demandants,  the  said  Thos.  Winckley  and  Walter  Kerfoot, 
tenants,  and  the  said  Sir  Watts  Horton,  vouchee. 

1791,  Nov.  22nd.  Deed  Poll  from  said  Thomas  Horton,  of 
Whittington,  in  the  County  of  Lancaster,  Bachelor  of  Laws,  to 
the  said  Sir  Watts  Horton. 

Same  date.  Deed  Poll  from  William  Horton,  Esq.,  to  the 
said  Sir  Watts  Horton. 

1791,  Sept.  24th.  Indentures  made  between  the  said  Susannah 
Lloyd,  the  widow  and  relict  of  the  said  George  Lloyd,  mentioned 
in  the  Indenture  of  3rd  May,  1758,  Gamaliel  Lloyd,  Esq.,  the 
said  George  Lloyd  mentioned  in  the  Indenture  of  27th  May, 
1778,  and  Thos.  Lloyd,  Esquires,  the  Executrix  and  Executors 
of  the  before  mentioned  George  Lloyd,  who  survived  the  said 
George  Legh,  of  the  1st  part,  the  said  Thomas  Horton  and 
William  Horton  of  the  2nd  part,  and  the  said  Sir  Watts  Horton 
of  the  3rd  part. 

— — o 

ANCIENT  SESSIONS  NOTES  EXTRACTED  FROM 
THE   ORIGINALS. 

Burials  in  Woollen. — Account  of  moneys  received  by  the 
Overseers  of  Nun  Monkton  of  my  Lady  Caney  for  burying 
George  Payler,  Esq.,  her  husband,  in  linning  contrary  to  the 
late  Act  of  Parlmt.  To  John  Bowser  the  informer  21.  10s.  OOd. 
total  £5. 

Ecclesfield,  Oct.  14, 1678.  A  register  of  all  burials  there  since 
1  August;  nine  persons,  Mr.  Leonard  Reresby  being  one. 
Affidavits  received  by  S.  Slack,  curate.  Sworn  before  H.  Ed- 
munds, Esq.,  J.  P. 

South  Kirkby,  1678.  Burials  in  woollen.  Testified  by  J. 
Gibson,  minister,  before  the  Hon.  Thomas  Yarburgh,  Esq.,  J.P. 

Kippax  and  Meltham  bills  of  burials  in  woollen  as  by  Act  of 
Parliament.    1689. 

Bbkad. — Robert  Wells  of  Thome,  1670,  charged  under  the 
Assize  of  Bread. 


74         YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

Coining. — The  neighbourhood  of  Halifax  was  formerly  noto- 
rious for  coiners.  In  1685  a  number  of  Ovenden  men  were 
indicted  at  Wakefield  for  clipping  money.  Justices  Horton  and 
Townely  took  evidence  at  Brighouse,  July  2nd,  1691,  respecting 
Halifax  coiners.  A  petition  was  presented  at  Wakefield,  Octo- 
ber, 1688,  asking  that  6ome  remedy  might  be  provided  to  enforce 
persons  to  receive  money  in  trading  which  may  be  cracked,  if 
it  be  ourrent  coin.  The  noble  was  a  common  coin  at  that  time, 
and  we  find  articles  mentioned  as  "  worth  a  noble  of  gould." 

Quakrels. — Great  quarrel  between  Mr.  ffranois  Leigh  of 
Midleton  and  Robert  Baynes  of  Naustrope ;  both  bound  to  good 
behaviour  for  twelve  months.     Wakefield,  October,  1687. 

Mr.  John  Dodsworth  de  Haddockstones  in  Markinton,  gent., 
bound  to  answer  charges  brought  against  him  by  his  son  Mr. 
Thomas  Dodsworth  of  Morkar  who  is  afraid  that  his  father  will 
burn  his  barns,  Ac,  and  complains  that  his  father  breaks  his 
windows  and  doores,  and  causes  his  servants  to  depart  out  of 
his  service.     Enaresborough,  October,  1677. 

Rt.  Hon.  Arthur  Lord  Viscount  Erwin  bound  in  £600,  and 
obtained  for  bondsmen  Arthur  Ingram  of  Thorpe,  gent.,  and 
William  Nevill  of  Holbeck,  gent.,  in  £250  each ;  Lord  Erwin  to 
appear  for  striking  Sir  William  Lowther,  J.P.,  in  open  court 
without  any  provocation.    Leeds,  July,  1693. 

Berzilla  Habergham  of  Clay  House,  for  setting  a  pair  of  tup 
horns  vpon  Jos  Smithson's  House  at  Ealand,  indicted.  Wake- 
field, Oct.,  1690. 

Mrs.  Catherine  Palmes,  a  Roman  Catholiok,  now  living  at  the 
house  of  Mr.  Thomas  Waterton  of  Walton  in  ye  westrideing, 
hath  by  undue  means  and  practices  got  into  her  custody  Ann 
ffranees  Stringer  (an  infant),  daughter  of  William  and  Christa* 
bella  Stringer,  gentleman  and  gentlewoman,  protestants,  and 
detains  her  from  her  mother ;  ordered  that  she  be  given  up. 
Sr  John  Powell,  Justice  of  Assize.     Wakefield,  Oct.,  1690. 

Allan  Cockin  of  Barnby  upon  Dunn,  beinge  clarke  to  Roger 
Portington,  Esq.,  J.P.,  came  to  Pontefract  Seas,  with  some 
recognizances  and  about  other  business,  and  lodged  at  the 
house  of  John  Bracebridge  in  Pontefract,  and  beinge  gone  to 
bed  a  minister  of  great  Stature  unknown  to  this  informant 
came  into  this  informants  lodginge  roome  and  finding  him  in 
bed  fell  upon  him  violently  and  caught  him  by  the  throat  and 
offered  to  throttle  him,  whereupon  this  informant  struglinge 
got  out  of  bed  from  the  said  minister,  who  pursued  this  infor- 
mant, threw  him  upon  another  bed,  and  was  lifting  up  his  hands 
to  strike  when  one  Mr.  Gaythorne  of  Pollington  in  the  other 
bed  got  hold  of  the  said  minister's  hands  and  persuaded  him  to 
forbeare  this  informant,  before  which  time  the  said  minister  had 
alsoe  seized  this  informants  breeches  and  about  ten  shillings  in 
money  therein,  besides  other  things  in  his  pockets,  and  refuses 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  75 

to  deliver  them,  but  took  up  this  informants  bedd,  and  still  this 
informant  alsoe  wants  his  hatt,  stockings,  boots  and  other 
things  in  the  said  roome.  This  is  endorsed  "  Against  -Henry 
Crabtree  of  Stansfeld  Hall."    (169-)    ?  Author  of  "Almanack." 

Robbkbibs. — Highway  robbery  between  Laughton  in  le  Morth- 
ing  and  Firbeck  by  two  men  on  horseback  armed  with  swords, 
pistols  and  carbines  like  soldiers,  each  of  them  having  on  a 
breast  belt  and  white  coats,  having  their  faces  disguised,  who 
took  from  Thomas  Bate  of  Aughton  six  pounds.  Petitions  for 
the  loss  to  be  repaired.  The  Earl  of  Holderness  and  others 
testify  to  the  good  character  of  Bate.  Pontefract,  April,  1690. 
Sometimes  these  petitions  were  rejected  on  the  ground  that  it 
was  only  a  pretence  of  being  robbed  on  purpose  to  obtain  an 
estreat  on  the  wapontake,  each  being  responsible  for  robberies 
within  its  boundaries  if  the  person  robbed  raised  hue  and  cry. 

£21  estreated  on  Agbrigg  and  Morley  for  Edward  Kenyon, 
who  had  been  robbed.     Wakefield,  Oct.,  1694. 

Bobbery  committed  upon  Yallerius  German  icus  Hailes,  ser- 
vant to  Mr.  Burrows,  being  moneys  of  Sir  Richard  Lloyd,  1675. 
The  amount,  £327,  estreated  on  Strafforth  and  Tickhill. 

James  Maylins,  Apothecary,  Botherham,  robbed  at  Maltby 
Wood.     £280  estreated  on  Strafford  and  Tickhill,  1676. 

Henry  Sykes  and  Joseph  Millner  apprehended  at  Earlsheaton, 
and  afterwards  suffered  death  for  horse  stealing  and  as  high- 
waymen.    Leeds,  July,  1687. 

Constables. — Petition  from  Carus  Philipson,  vicar,  and  eight 
others  of  Almondbury  for  a  Constable,  as  the  late  one  died  a 
week  before  this  application,  and  the  Lady  of  the  Manor  refuses 
to  call  a  court  as  her  steward  resides  at  a  great  distance  and 
the  weather  is  unreasonable.  Jan.  1689.  George  Sykes,  senr., 
appointed  by  the  Justices. 

Mr.  Jarvis  Cornewell,  Cheefe  Constable,  and  six  others  from 
Swinfleet  and  district,  summoned  for  jurors,  excused  the  fine  for 
lateness  by  reason  of  ye  great  watr.    Doncaster,  Jan.  1681. 

Thomas  Pease  of  Ossett,  Constable,  indicted  (1)  for  refuseing 
to  sett  much  and  trrw/,  (2)  not  keeping  a  cucking  stool,  (8)  not 
repairing  the  butts.     Wakefield,  Oct.,  1690. 

Constables  were  sometimes  indicted  for  neglect  of  duty.  They 
had  frequently  disagreeable  tasks  to  perform.  1671 — Each 
Constable  received  orders  from  the  respective  Chief  Constables 
as  required  at  the  Sessions,  to  search  for  guns,  bows,  nets, 
greyhounds,  &c. ;  to  enquire  if  any  artificer,  harvestmen,  or 
servant  had  more  wages  than  the  statute  allowed.  In  1688  they 
had  to  search  for  conventicles  and  take  two  persons  with  them 
as  witnesses.  "  The  Constable  of  Hipp'holme  cm  Brighouse 
answer  to  the  Want  from  the  Cheefe  Constable  to  the  said 
Constable  directed,  April  16th,  1688— 

Noe  Papist  recusant  found  upon  last  search. 


76         YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

Noe  popish  priest  within  our  Constably. 

Nor  Jesuits. 

Noe  absenters  from  divine  service  nor  any  vnlawfull  assem- 
ble. John  Kershawe,  Const.*'  1688 — Constables  to  search 
for  all  rogues,  beggars,  petty  chapmen  especially  those  of  the 
kingdom  of  Scotland. 

Petition  of  Ester  Bramhall  reciting  That  Nicholas  Bramhall 
yor  peticoners  husband  was  made  Constable  of  Huddersfield 
for  this  psent  yeare  and  yor  poore  petitioner  being  a  poore 
widdow  hath  noe  sonne  to  suply  the  office  her  sonnes  being 
little  boyes,  and  the  townesmen  doe  charge  yor  poore  petitioner 
to  provide  a  man  to  pforme  the  office  for  the  residue  of  this 
yeare  begs  that  another  may  be  elected.  Pontefract,  April,  1681. 

Privileged  Places— Otley. — The  freeholders,  &c,  of  Otley 
are  not  to  be  summoned  to  be  jurymen  &c,  at  Sessions,  being 
under  his  Grace  the  Archbp  of  Yorks  liberty.     1679. 

Howley. — Abraham  Harrison  of  Howley  Hall  (one  of  the 
servts  of  James  Lord  Viscount  Savile,  Earl  of  Sussex)  being 
appointed  Collector  of  the  psent  three  months  Assessmts  of  the 
Boyall  Ayde  for  Morley,  Howley  Hall,  however,  being  a  privi- 
ledged  place  and  that  noe  psons  liveing  at  Howley  Hall  ought 
to  serve  any  office  within  the  constableiy  of  Morley,  the  warrant 
was  suppressed  and  Robert  Morley  of  Morley  appointed  under 
the  hands  and  seals  of  Sr  John  Armytage,  Sir  John  Kaye  and 
ffrancis  Whyte,  Esq.,  1665.  Ordered  also  that  he  be  freed  from 
keeping  any  town  apprentice. 

Kirk  Burton. — Petition  reciting  that  temps  Elizabeth  there 
was  a  ffivepenny  rate  in  the  Book  of  Rates  for  £.  Burton  towards 
Agbrigg  and  Morley,  and  at  Quarter  Sessions  held  at  Leeds, 
Oct.  5,  24  Chas.  I.,  to  remain  soe  according  to  a  survey  called 
Barnards  Survey,  since  which  time  by  some  mistake  or  other 
(ffor  there  was  noe  order  for  an  alteration)  the  rate  is  7jd.  to 
the  great  grievance  and  overcharge  of  the  poor. — Leeds,  July, 
1691. 

Bothwell. — Petition  stating  that  about  100  years  since  it 
was  decided  to  divide  that  large  Constablery  into  three  parts — 
Bothwell  and  Boodes,  Owlton  and  Wodleford,  Lofthouse  and 
Carleton ;  now  improperly  rated. — 1675. 

Heptonstall. — Petition  for  a  proper  assessment.  Pontefract, 
1680. 

Cawthobne.— Petition  of  Mr.  Christopher  Walbank,  curate 
for  seventeen  years  past,  to  be  freed  from  poor  rate  and  an 
apprentice.    Pontefract,  April,  1680. 

New  Mellkb  Dam. — Francis  Nevyle,  Esq.,  having  two  water 
corn  milne8  att  New  Miller  Dam  in  Sandall  rated  at  £100  a 
year,  states  that  they  do  not  make  more  than  £40  a  year.   1678. 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.         77 

Laweton. — This  Constablery  being  very  large  and  vast,  they 
petition  for  three  constables,  or  the  Constablery  to  be  divided 
into  three.     1676.  J.H.T. 

Woolcombkrb  Fifty  Years  A oo.  —  Perhaps  some  remi- 
niscences from  the  life  of  a  woolcomber  fifty  years  ago  might 
not  be  ont  of  place  at  the  present  time,  for  the  reason  that  the 
people  of  to-day  have  scarcely  any  impressions  brought  before 
them  of  the  habits  of  life  and  the  thought  of  that  time.  The 
woolcomber  stands  out  in  bold  relief,  a  kind  of  rough  sculptured 
work,  when  compared  with  the  machine-hand  of  the  present 
day,  and  therefore  he  ought  not  to  be  lost  sight  of  when  looking 
over  the  varied  phases  of  manufacturing  life.  The  combers 
were  mostly  drawn  from  the  agricultural  districts,  attracted  by 
the  promise  of  high  wages,  and  the  chance  of  being  put  into  an 
independent  position.  These  promises  were  sounded  far  and 
wide,  so  that  in  a  brief  space  of  time  men  were  brought  to 
Bradford  from  great  distances.  They  came  from  Kendal,  North 
Yorkshire,  Leicester,  Devonshire,  and  even  from  the  Emerald 
Isle,  so  that  to  spend  an  hour  in  a  public-house  (soon  after  the 
passing  of  the  Act  to  be  drunk  on  the  premises,)  you  might,  when 
they  had  footings  in,  havo  heard  all  sorts  of  dialects  and 
jargon,  and  when  disputes  arose  as  to  who  was  the  best  work- 
man, there  would  be  volleyed  forth  regular  hurricanes  of  oral 
disputations.  There  might  have  been  seen  in  front  of  any 
public-house  constantly  piled  up  large  numbers  of  combers 
"fadges,"  as  the  employers  of  that  time  were  not  afraid  to  trust 
the  strangers  with  combs  and  charcoal,  oil,  soap,  and  various 
other  sorts  of  material,  to  take  home  at  their  own  risk,  and 
scarcely  any  of  them  but  what  returned  the  "dozen "  of  wool. 
Now,  the  woolcomber,  as  a  rule,  brought  his  country  habits 
with  him.  His  attachment  to  rural  affairs  may  be  borne  out  by 
the  fact,  that  in  hay-time  and  harvest  he  used  to  lay  aside  his 
woolcombs,  and  take  up  the  scythe  and  sickle,  and  go  down  into 
the  low  country  a-harvesting.  He  was  also  very  fond  of  trying 
his  strength  at  all  kinds  of  athletic  sports.  He  was,  as  a  rule, 
a  bird  fancier,  and  made  his  comb-shop  into  a  regular  aviary. 
Two  combers  having  a  short  "  confab"  about  birds,  one  said  to 
the  other,  "Jem,  I  naw  wat  ad  happen  if  awther  on  us  belonged 
to  EsholtHall."  "Wha,  wat?"  rejoined  Jack.  "Wha,  we 
sud  spend  t'  main  of  our  time  e'  catching  larlcs! "  Some  of  the 
combers  had  a  great  talent  for  elocution,  and  could  recite  with 
wonderful  power,  and  with  such  models  before  them  as  the 
elder  Eean,  Young  and  Holloway  (?)  they  had  opportunities  of 
witnessing  histrionic  displays  such  as  people  of  the  present 
time  have  no  conception  of.  There  was  also  great  taste  dis- 
played by  some  of  the  combers  in  the  walks  of  art ;  and,  if  not 
original  in  their  work,  some  of  them  were  marvellous  in  their 
efforts  at  copying  pictures  in  oil  colours,  and,  as  they  were 


78        YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

under  no  surveillance,  therefore,  when  under  inspiration,  down 
went  the  combs  and  up  went  the  palette,  although  at  the  risk 
of  being  "pent"  at  " carrying-day.' '  He  made  up  his  lost 
time  by  "  waking  "  or  lighting  up,  so  as  to  "  'liver  in  "  on  a 
certain  day.  In  politics  the  comber  was  somewhat  of  a  Demo- 
crat, and  if  he  had  been  in  the  ascendant  in  these  days  of 
strikes  and  combination,  he  would  have  been  a  formidable  foe 
to  the  lock-out  system.  He  has  left  his  work  in  that  line  on 
record.  It  eame  in  with  Tester  and  culminated  with  George 
White,  who  sold  their  cause,  like  Esau's  birthright,  for  a  mere 
"  mess  of  pottage."  Bradford    Operative. 

<>■■■ 

Letter  to  Sib  Wm,  Calverley. — The  following  letter  from 
Sir  Harry  Wentworth,  of  Nettlested,  county  Suffolk,  (ancestor 
of  the  Barons  Wentworth),  addressed  in  1497  to  Sir  William 
Galverley,  of  Galverley,  in  Yorkshire,  from  whom  descended  the 
extinct  baronets  of  that  name,  is  perhaps  of  sufficient  local 
interest  to  merit  a  corner  in  your  "  Notes  and  Queries"  column. 
The  original  letter,  whioh  is  in  the  British  Museum,  is  written 
on  a  slip  of  paper  measuring  eleven  inches  by  four  inches,  and 
is  signed  by  Sir  Harry  Wentworth  : 

44  Right  wourshipfulle  cousin,  I  recommend  me  unto  you. 
And  where*  it  fortuned  me  in  my  retourne  home  from  West- 
chestre,  to  meit  my  lord  Darby,  my  lord  Strange,  and  other  at 
Whalley  abbey,  by  whome  I  had  the  sight  of  such  letters  as 
were  directed  unto  theme  from  the  kinges  grace;  apper- 
ceyuing  by  the  same  that  Perkin  Warbeke  is  londed  in  the  west 
parties,  of  Cornwelle,  wherfore  I  wolle  pray  you,  and  allso  in 
the  kinges  name  aduertise  you,  to  be  in  aredynesf  in  your  owin 
persone,  with  suche  company  as  you  make  to  serue  his  high- 
ness, vpon  an  our{  warnyng,  when  his  grace  shalle  calle  vpone 
you.  For  the  which  I  doubte  not  but  his  highnes  shalle  geve 
you  thankes  aocordinge.  As  our  lord  knoith,  who  preserne 
you !  Written  in  the  kinges  castelle  of  Rnaresburght,  the  xvij 
dey  of  Septembre. 

"  your  [frend]  and  cosyne,  syr 

"Harry  Wentworth. 

"  Addressed 

44  To  his  wourshipfulle  cosin  syr  William 
Galuerley,  knight,  in  haste." 

*  Whereas.     +  readiness.     ;  hour's. 

8.  Batneb. 


References  to  Abdsley,  near  Wakefield. — In  Domesday 
Book,  (1086)  as  4(  Erdeslau."  In  Nomina  Villarum,  (1284)  as 
"  Herdeslai."  In  Kirkby's  Inquest,  (1284)  as  4<  Ardeslawe."  In 
Burton's  u  Monasticon"  Woodkirk  alias  Woodohuroh,  or  West 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.         79 

Ardsley.  In  Whitakers  "  Loidi*  and  Efmete"  as  regards  its  Mo- 
nastic origin  and  genealogical  particulars  of  the  Clergy  and 
lay-patrons.  In  Scatchtrd't  "  History  of  A.orky"  under  the  head 
of  "  Wood-church,"  and  "Ardsley."  The  account  of  East 
Ardsley  is  in  several  points  incorrect  and  unsatisfactory.  For 
instance  he  states  that  the  "  old  Hall  at  one  extremity  of  the 
Tillage,"  known  as  the  residence  of  the  Shaw  family  in  the  17th 
and  18th  centuries,  "was  the  Manor  House."  This  is  not  correct, 
the  "  Manor  House  "  is  an  old  thatched  cottage  about  the  mid- 
dle of  the  village,  just  off  the  Wakefield  and  Bradford  Road 
and  belongs  to  W.  G.  J.  Dealtry,  Esq.,  of  Thorpe-on-the-Hffl. 
Again,  the  rudely  carved  figure  over  the  doorway  of  the  "  Shaw" 
Hall  is  a  talbot  (hunting-dog)  not  "  a  griffin  or  dragon,"  the 
former  being  the  crest  of  the  Shaws.  He  is  wrong,  too,  in  as- 
serting that  a  CopUy  built  the  Hall  in  1622,  which  date  appears 
on  a  gable  pinnacle.  It  is  far  more  likely  that  a  "  Robert " 
Shaw  erected  the  mansion,  whose  Christian  name  "Robart," 
remains  cut  on  the  porch  jamb,  but  the  surname  has  been  worn 
away.  The  motto  "In  Domine  confido,  1632"  not  1652,  is 
•till  visible.  There  are  other  points  which  exhibit  the  careless- 
ness of  Scatcherd  in  gathering  information.  The  estate  came 
to  the  Copleys  of  Nether  Hall,  Doncaster,  by  the  intermarriage 
of  a  Robert  Copley,  in  1707,  with  Ellinor  Shaw,  the  daughter 
and  last  heiress  of  Robert  Shaw,  merchant,  and  therefore  not 
through  the  Saviles,  as  presumed  by  Scatcherd. 

It  is  not  quite  true  that  "  the  Register  goes  no  further  back 
than  1662, "  marriages  and  burials  of  East  Ardsley  commence 
in  1654,  and  the  baptisms  in  1662;  West  Ardsley  in  1652. 

"Banks'  Walks  about  Wakefield,"  (1871)  contains  an  account 
of  East  and  West  Ardsley,  which  though  somewhat  brief,  is  far 
truer,  and  more  reliable,  because  for  genealogical  and  ecclesi- 
astical matters,  free  use  has  been  made  of  the  Registers,  and 
Heraldic  Visitations,  and  Legal  documents,  <&c,  which  are  the 
true  foundations  of  biographical  history. 

"  Parson's  History  of  Leeds,"  Vol.  2,  page  11 ,  chiefly  dilates  on 
the  connection  with  Ardsley,  of  John  Field,  the  "  early  astrono- 
mer," and  James  Naylor,  the  "religious  imposter." 

"Taylor's  Churches  of  Leeds,"  contains  a  compiled  account 
of  the  church  affairs,  parochial  charities,  and  the  more  modern 
perpetual  curates. 

"Ardsley  in  the  Olden  Times,"  a  series  of  articles  which  ap- 
peared in  the  East  Ardsley  Parish  Magazine,  from  April,  1880, 
to  1864,  by  John  Batty,  containing  archaeological  matters ; 
a  sketch  of  the  Incumbents  from  the  "Restoration,"  and 
references  to  Parish  Officials,  culled  from  the  Church  Registers, 
and  from  17th  and  18th  century  Gravestones,  &c. 
•  "The  Study  of  East  Ardsley  Town's  Book,  1652  to  1696." 
Two  papers  read  in  April,  1882,  by  Mr.  John  Batty,  before  the 


80        YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

Bradford  Historical  and  Antiquarian  Society,  pretty  folly  re- 
ported in  the  "  Bradford  Chronicle  and  Mail."  These  papers 
chiefly  dealt  with  the  carious  items  referring  to  social  manners, 
customs,  and  punishments. 

"  Lawton's  Collections,"  (1842),  for  account  of  East  and  West 
Ardsley  Churches. 

"  The  Lay  Subsidy  Boll,  (Bic.  II.)  1879.  Names  of  the  Laity. 

"  The  Subsidy  Boll  of  Hen.  VIH.,  1522.  Names  of  the 
people  of  substance. 

44  The  Manor  Court  Bolls  of  Wakefield,  take  in  "  West  Ardis- 
lawe,"  but  not  East.  The  whereabouts  of  those  including  the 
latter,  are  not  at  present  known;  probably  with  those  of 
Bradford,  as  the  freeholders  of  East  Ardsley  had  to  attend 
44  Sheriff's  Turn,"  and  "  Court  Leet,"  at  one  time  held  at  Ad-  I 
walton,  and  latterly  at  Bradford.  I  understand  that  the  ancient  ' 
Manor  Court  Bolls  of  Bradford  are  deposited  in  the  Becord 
Office,  London.  • 

44  The  Hearth  Tax  Bolls  "  in  the  Public  Becord  Office,  those 
for  1666  and  1671-2,  were  published  in  the  4<  Wakefield  Herald." 

44  The  Poll  Books,"  1741  and  1807,  for  names  of  Freeholders, 
their  residences,  and  possessions. 

I  must  not  omit  to  say  that  the  "Rectory  Manor  Court  Bolls 
of  Wakefield,"  contain  allusions  to  the  living  of  East  Ardsley, 
for  the  reason  that  in  1660,  it  was  endowed  with  certain  copy 
hold  lands  in  Wakefield,  and  elsewhere,  and  at  the  decease  of 
an  incumbent,  the  succeeding  incumbent  had  to  appear  at 
Court  Baron  to  make  surrender,  to  do  fealty,  and  pay  relief  to 
the  Lord  of  Manor,  in  order  to  be  admitted  tenant. 

44  Lewis's  Topographical  Dictionary,  1845."  Church  Statis- 
tics, &c,  population,  charities,  &c. 

The  44  Liber  Begis,"  Henry  VIH.  Trades,  charities,  early 
valuation  of  benefice,  Patrons,  Dedication,  name. 

"Dugdale's  Visitations,"  1666;  Glover's  do.,  1584-5;  and 
1612,  St.  George,  give  genealogical  particulars  of  some  leading 
families.  There  is  an  allusion  to  "  West  Ardislawe,"  in  the 
Calendar  of  Charters  and  Bolls,  in  the  Bodleian  Library,  Ox- 
ford, 1878. 

44  The  West  Ardsley  Town's  Book,"  contains  a  close  list  of 
Churchwardens,  Overseers,  and  Constables'  names,  from  1653 
to  1802,  and  different  Parish  receipts,,  and  disbursements,  from 
1752  to  1800. 

44 The  East  Ardsley  Town's  Book"  also  contains  lists  of 
officials ;  members  of  the  "  Trained  Bands!";  those  who  received 
44  Parish  Apprentices,"  1727  to  1818.  44  Workhouse"  Accounts, 
and  Church  Memoranda  to  1848.  4(  Valuation  of  the  land  and 
housing  in  East  Ardsley,"  1774. 

In  the  "  Calendar  of  State  Papers,"  1656,  is  a  reference  to    . 
Woodkirh  Fair  in  1656,  (Domestic  Series),  containing  a  petition 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  81 

of  the  inhabitants  wishing  for  its  abolition,  because  of  the  rab- 
ble and  tumults  caused  by  it. 

In  the  "  Church  Begisters  "  are  instances  of  Commonwealth 
marriages  before  Justices.  Those  of  tVoodkirk,  from  1652,  con- 
tain the  family  names  of  Pickering,  Marshall,  Coppindale, 
Thomlinson,  Ac;  those  of  East  Ardsley,  Graunt,  Sunderland, 
Greenwood,  Elmsall  a  branch  of  the  "ThornhilT'  Elmsalls, 
Smith  or  Smyth,  of  Heath,  Shaw,  Deighton,  Hodgson,  Nettle- 
ton,  Casson,  Bay,  of  Howley.  The  marriage  of  Clifton 
Wintringham,  eminent  Physician,  with  Elizabeth  Nettleton, 
also  of  Ann  Oglethorpe,  with  a  John  Plantagnett,  (alluded  to 
in  the  Wentworth  Papers,  and  in  Heywood's  Diaries). 

"  West  and  East  Ardsley  Inclosure,  1829,"  (Leeds  Mercury.) 
The  compiler  of  this  account  has  a  copy  of  the  "  Terriers  "  of 
Glebe  lands,  for  East  and  West  Ardsley,  for  1684,  and  abstracts 
from  those  of  1781,  1809-17-25 ;  also  "  copy  of  a  petition  of 
Freeholders,  of  East  Ardsley,  1721,"  for  an  augmentation  of 
the  living,  by  an  enclosure  from  the  common  of  about  80  acres. 

"Hunter's  notes  on  John  Field,"  the  '*  proto-copernioian  of 
England,"  who  was  buried  at  East  Ardsley,  1586.  The  Editor 
of  the  Yorkshire  Notes  and  Queries  has  several  notes  on  the 
same  family. 

The  field-names  of  East  Ardsley,  are  noticed  in  Robert's 
"Lofthouse,"  Vol.  I,  (1882),  pages  6-11. 

" Ardsley  as  a  place  name/'  by  John  Batty,  "Yorkshire 
Weekly  Post,"  July  8th,  1884.  The  different  modes  of  spelling 
the  name  from  1086  to  1664. 

"The  Old  Hall,  at  East  Ardsley,"  by  John  Batty,  "Yorkshire 
Post,"  Feb.  3rd,  1888,  giving  an  archaeological  description  of  it, 
and  some  particulars  of  its  former  possessors. 

The  "  Building  News,"  of  March  80th,  1888,  published  an 
architectural  sketch  with  details  of  ornamentations  of  East 
Ardsley  Old  Hall,  the  drawings  being  executed  bjf  Mr.  W.  A. 
Richardson,  architect,  of  Bothwell. 

Photos  of  the  old  and  curious  Church,  pulled  down  in  1880, 
may  be  commonly  seen  in  the  houses  of  the  parishioners.  Also 
a  photo  of  the  Norman  Doorway,  restored  and  nicely  inserted 
in  the  present  Church  porch,  is  in  the  possession  of  the  com- 
piler of  this  account. 

The  "  Wakefield  Free  Press/'  Feby.  20th,  1886,  contains  an 
article  entitled  "  The  Curiosities  of  a  School  Board  Census," 
which  furnishes  useful  social  statistics  of  East  Ardsley. — The 
favourite  and  peculiar  Christian  child-names,  prevailing  sur- 
names, and  general  remarks  about  the  present  condition  and 
future  development  of  the  place.  In  the  same  paper,  July  24th, 
1886.—"  Annals  of  the  Poor,"  founded  on  a  large  number  of 
certificates  relating  to  the  poor  of  East  Ardsley  from  1705  to 
1826,  in  which  are  given  a  brief  sketch  of  some  of  the  Justices 

T.K.Q.  P 


82        Y0BK8HIBE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

of  the  Peace,  a  list  of  local  Colliery  Owners,  Farmers,  Crafts- 
men, &c.    Both  articles  were  written  by  Mr.  John  Batty. 

Ebkata  : — "  Ardsley,  near  Wakefield,"  "  Notes  and  Queries  " 
section ; 
On  page  78,  instead  of  "  Nomitta,"  read  "  Nomina.*' 

„       79, 11th  line,  omit  "  W,"  and  read  "  C.  J.Dealtry,Esq." 
„        „    19th     „    instead  of  "  Domini,"  read  "  Domino/' 
„        „    48rd    „     fill  up  hiatus  with  "  June." 
„       80,  11th    ,,    omit  "  those  including/1  and  read  "  the 
whereabouts  of  the  latter." 

East  Ardsley.  John  Batty,  f.b.hist.s. 


%ivklttx  ilnnturg. 

By  S.  J.  Chadwick. 

They  toke  togyder  theyr  counsell 

Bobyn  Hode  for  to  sle, 
And  how  they  myght  best  do  that  dede, 

His  banis  for  to  be. 

Than  bespake  good  Bobyn, 

In  place  where  as  he  stode, 
To  morow  I  muste  to  Eyrkesley 

Crafteley  to  be  leten  blode. 

Syr  Boger  of  Donkestere, 
[And  the  pryoresse  of  Kyrkesley,] 

There  they  betrayed  good  Bobyn  Hode, 
Through  theyr  false  playe. 

A  Lytell  Geste  of  Bobyn  Hode. 

Very  few  of  the  many  persons  who  call  at  the  ancient  hostelry 
of  the  "  Three  Nuns  "  at  Nunbrook,  ever  stop  to  consider  what 
was  the  origin  of  the  sign  which  looks  down  upon  them  from 
the  front  of  the  Inn,  nor  do  they  trouble  to  think  about  the  old 
associations  of  the  immediate  neighbourhood.  Most  of  them  no 
doubt  believe  that  Bobin  Hood  lies  buried  in  the  adjoining  park 
of  Eirklees,  and  some  may  have  heard  that  he  was  bled  to 
death  by  a  Nun,  but  very  few  persons  indeed  know  that  for 
three  centuries  and  a  half  there  flourished  in  the  immediate 
neighbourhood  a  Nunnery  or  Priory  of  Cistercian  Nuns  or 
"  White  Ladies  "  who  were  large  landed  proprietors  and  em* 
ployers  of  labour  in  Mirfield,  Hartshead,  and  other  parts  of  the 
country,  and  above  all  were  proprietors  of  the  living  or  rectory 
of  Mirfield,  received  the  great  tithes  and  the  best  part  of  the 
income,  and  forced  the  parishioners  to  be  content  with  a  Vicar 
whose  poor  stipend  oonsisted  of  small  tithes,  Easter  dues,  and 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  88 

sundry  small  pickings  and  formed  at  best  but  a  starvation  and 
not  a  living.  The  Church  of  Mirfield  was  appropriated  in  the 
year  1403  to  the  Priory  of  Kirklees,  and  constituted  the  best 
part  of  its  endowment  until  its  dissolution  in  the  year  1589. 
As  therefore  there  was  such  a  close  and  intimate  connection 
between  the  Priory  of  Kirklees  and  the  parish  of  Mirfield  for  so 
many  years,  a  connection  which  has  unfortunately  left  its  mark 
to  the  present  time  inasmuch  as  the  great  tithes  and  other: 
possessions  of  the  rectory  are  still  in  lay-hands  and  were  not 
restored  to  the  church  at  the  dissolution  of  the  Priory,  it  is 
thought  that  some  account  of  the  Priory  and  its  possessions 
may  be  found  interesting  by  the  readers  of  this  Magazine.* 

Kirklees  Nunnery  was  founded  (so  Dr.  Whitaker  says)  in  the 
reign  of  Henry  II,  by  Beyner  le  Fleming,  who  was  a  landed 
proprietor  in  South  Yorkshire,  and  siso  in  Hartshead  and 
Clifton,  of  which  latter  place  he  was  Lord  of  the  Manor.  The 
foundation  Charter  is  pretty  well  known.  It  is  given  in  Dug- 
dale's  Monasticon,  vol.  5,  page  739,  and  extracts  from  it  have 
often  been  published.  By  this  Charter  the  founder  grants  to 
God  and  St.  Mary,  and  the  holy  women  of  Kuthales  the  place 
in  which  they  dwell,  i.e.  Kuthelagam  and  Hednesleya  as  the 
water  of  the  Kelder  goes  to  the  old  mill  and  so  by  the  road 

which  leads  to  the  old  mill  to  the  rivulet  of  the  rocky  + 

and  so  to  Blackelana,  and  from  Blackelana  to  Wages  tan,  and 
from  Wagestan  by  the  boundary  of  Liversege,  Herteshevet,  and 
Mirfield,  the  whole  within  the  boundaries  named  in  lands, 
waters,  pastures,  meadows,  woods,  and  plains.  J  And  besides 
these,  12  acres  of  land  to  be  held  of  the  grantor  and  ljis  heirs 
for  the  souls  of  his  father  and  his  ancestors  for  his  safety  and 
that  of  his  friends. 

This  Charter  is  without  date  and  is  confirmed  by  a  Charter 
of  William  Earl  Warren,  which  is  also  without  date  ;  there  is 
therefore  some  doubt  as  to  the  period  of  the  foundation  of  the 
Nunnery.  Dr.  Whitaker  fixes  it  in  the  reign  of  Henry  II,  (1154 
to  1189)  but  how  he  arrives  at  this  conclusion,  does  not  appear.  § 
There  were  no  less  than  five  Earls  of  Surrey  and  Warren  bearing 

*  Mirfield  Parish  Magazine. 

t  Word  here  illegible,  but  in  Dodsworth's  Yorkshire  Notes  this  stream  is 
called  the  river  Petros&lanus.  Query,  is  it  the  stream  now  called  Nunbrook, 
or  perhaps  the  river  Colne. 

\  Note. — If  we  assume  that  Blackelana  is  Bleak  Low  Lane  (a  name  still 
appearing  in  the  Ordnance  Map  of  the  district),  and  that  Wagestan  (the  stone 
by  the  way)  is  the  old  Saxon  Cross  known  as  Walton  Cross,  the  stump  of 
which  is  still  to  be  seen  by  the  road  side  not  far  from  Hartshead  Church,  it 
is  very  easy  to  identify  at  the  present  time  the  boundaries  here  given.  The 
arernnference  ot  the  property  appears  on  the  Ordnance  Map  at  a  rough  guess 
to  be  seven  or  eight  miles,  but  a  great  portion  of  the  land  was  waste. 

%  It  is  quite  certain  however  that  other  Abbeys  and  Convents  of  this  Order 
were  founded  at  this  early  date  and  even  so  early  as  the  reign  of  King  Stephen . 


84         YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

the  Christian  name  of  William,  and  therefore  the  above  con- 
firmation gives  very  little  clue  to  the  date,  as  the  first  William 
came  over  with  the  Conqueror,  and  the  last  died  in  1240. 
Another  authority  fixes  the  foundation  of  the  Nunnery  in  the 
year  1155,  and  Mr.  Ismay,  a  former  Vicar  of  Mirfield  and  a 
zealous  Antiquarian  gives  the  date  as  1286,  but  does  not  give 
his  authority.  He  was  probably  thinking  of  the  date  of  the 
Confirmation  Charter  of  Henry  III.  which  is  1286.  Some  per- 
sons say  that  the  Nunnery  was  a  Benedictine  one,  but 'there 
seems  to  be  no  doubt  that  it  was  Cistertian,  *  which  was  a 
reformed  order  of  the  Benedictines  and  so  called  from  Citeaux 
or  Cisteaux  in  the  Bishopric  of  Chalons  in  Burgundy,  where 
this  reform  was  first  begun,  about  the  year  1098. 

John  Stevens  in  his  History  of  Ancient  Abbeys,  &c,  gives  in 
vol.  2,  pages  80-1,  an  account  of  the  origin  of  Cistertian  Nuns 
with  a  full  page  illustration  of  a  Nun  in  the  garb  of  the  Order. 
He  says,  "  The  habit  of  the  Cistertian  Nuns  is  a  white  tunick 
"or  robe,  a  black  scapular  and  girdle.  In  the  choir  most  of 
"them  wear  coules,  others  only  mantles  and  the  lay  sisters 
"have  their  habits  of  a  dark  colour.  The  novices  are  clad  in 
"  white.  Their  observances  were  very  austere.  The  first  Nuns 
"wore  neither  linen  nor  linings,  they  were  employed  not  only 
"in  sewing  and  spinning,  but  they  went  into  the  woods  to  grub 
"  up  the  briers  and  thorns,  they  worked  continually,  they  ob- 
served much  silence.  There  has  been  a  great  number  of 
"  Saints  and  Holy  Women  of  this  Order,  which  number  would 
"be  still  much  greater  if  we  would  allow  of  all  those  to  whom 
"their  historians  assign  it  but  they  must  retrench  some  of 
"them." 

These  Holy  Women  may  well  be  said  to  have  lived  "In  the 
odour  of  Sanctity  "  which  expression  possibly  originated  from 
the  above  mentioned  practices  of  the  first  Saints  of  this  Order. 
The  Cistertian  Order  was  founded  by  St.  Robert  who  at  15  years 
of  age  was  a  member  of  the  Benedictine  Abbey  of  Montier  la 
Celle,  afterwards  prior  thereof,  and  subsequently  Abbot  of  St. 
Miohael  de  Tonnerre,  where  he  endeavoured  to  establish  good 
discipline  but  without  success,  the  Monks  thwarting  him  in  his 
good  intentions.  There  is  a  curious  account  of  Robert  leaving 
the  Abbey  and  living  with  certain  monks  in  the  forest  of 
Molesme  on  roots,  herbs,  &c,  and  almost  naked.  Afterwards 
with  others  altogether  21  in  number,  he  settled  at  Cisteaux,  on 
the  21st  March,  1098,  being  St.  Benedict's  day. 

In  the  26th  year  of  the  reign  of  Henry  VIII  an  act  of  Parlia- 
ment was  passed  granting  to  the  Crown  the  first  fruits  of  all 
Bishopries,  Monasteries,  &c,  and  directing  the  Chancellor  to 

•  It  is  styled  Cistertian  in  the  Pope's  Boll  for  the  appropriation  of  Mirfield 
Rectory  to  Kirklees.    See  Whitaker's  History  of  Leeds,  page  864. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  85 

appoint  Commissioners  in  each  diocese  to  enquire  into  their 
yearly  value,  Ac.  From  the  returns  of  these  Commissioners  we 
obtain  the  following  particulars  of  Cistertian  Monks  and  Nuns 
in  "Yorkshire. 

Cistertian  Monks. 

Byland 

Fountains 

Joreval  (Jervaulx) 

Eirkstall 

Melsa  (Meaux  near  Hull) 

River  (Bivaulx) 

Roche 

Sallay 

Cistertian  Nuns. 

Nun  Appleton  (Parish  of  Bolton  Percy)  78 

Basedale  (near  Stokesley) 

Elreton  (in  Swaledale)     ... 

Esseholt  (near  Apperley  Bridge) 

Hampole  (near  Doncaster) 

Eeldon  (Eirby  Moorside)... 

Eirklegbes 

Sinningthwait  (Bilton  near  Wetherby)  60 

Swinhey  (Swine  near  Meaux) 

Wyckham  (near  Scarbro') 

It  may  be  mentioned  that  the  richest  Abbey  in  Yorkshire  was 
that  of  St.  Mary  in  York,  for  Benedictine  Monks,  the  annual 
value  of  which  is  given  as  £1650  7s.  Of  d. 

The  Priory  of  Eirklees  is  stated  to  have  been  dedicated  to  the 
honour  of  the  Virgin  Mary  and  St.  James.  The  first  Prioress 
was  Elizabeth  de  Staynton.  Her  tomb  and  the  tombs  of  two 
nuns  said  to  be  her  sisters  who  entered  with  her  at  the  founda- 
tion, were  discovered  in  the  year  1706.  The  inscription  on  the 
tomb  of  the  Prioress  was  in  Norman  French  but  is  now  quite 
illegible,  the  English  of  it  being — "  Sweet  Jesus  of  Nazareth, 
Son  of  God,  have  mercy  on  Elizabeth  Stain  ton,  Prioress  of  this 
house !  "  The  list  of  Prioresses  is  very  imperfect.  The  follow- 
ing names  are  principally  taken  from  Dugdale's  Monasticon, 
vol.  5,  pages  788-9,  Elizabeth  de  Staynton,  18th  century ;  Mar- 
garet de  Clay  worth,  confirmed  4th  Eal  Oct.,  1806 ;  Alicia  de 
Screvyn,  4th  Id :  Jany.,  1807 ;  *  Cecilia  Hill,  (Mr.  Ismay  gives 
the  name  Hiks,)  upon  whose  death  Joanna  Stansfeld  was  elected 
in  1491.    On  her  death  was  elected  Margaret  Tarlton  who  was 

*  Mr.  Ismay  here  gives  the  name  of  Margaret  Seyvill,  daughter  of  Sir  John 
Seyrifl. 


Annual  Value. 

£ 

8. 

d. 

•• 

288 

9 

4 

.. 

998 

6 

8* 

284 

18 

5 

,. 

829 

2 

11 

.. 

299 

6 

4* 

.. 

278  10 

2 

,. 

224 

2 

5 

.. 

147 

8 

10 

Annual  Value. 

£ 

8. 

d. 

rcj 

0  78 

9 

10 

... 

20 

1 

4 

••• 

16 

10 

6 

••• 

18 

5 

4 

... 

68 

5 

8 

••• 

29 

6 

1 

... 

19 

8 

2 

rbj 

0  60 

9 

2 

••• 

82 

8 

9± 

... 

25 

17 

6 

86        YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

confirmed  as  Prioress,  24th  April,  1499 ;  Margaret  Fletcher, 
confirmed  10th  March,  1605;  Cecilia  Topcliffe,  who  is  said  bj 
Dugdale  to  have  been  the  last  Prioress,  was  confirmed  9th  July, 
1527.  Dame  Joan  Keps  or  Kepax  or  Eepast  (for  her  name  has 
been  spelt  in  these  three  forms)  appears  however  to  have  been 
the  last  Prioress,  and  to  have  surrendered  the  house  24th  Nov., 
1589,  (81.  Hen.  VIII.)  a  year  earlier  than  is  stated  by  Mr.  J. 
B.  Greenwood  in  his  History  of  Dewsbury.  This  lady  is  said 
to  have  retired  after  the  surrender  of  the  house  in  company 
with  four  nuns  to  a  house  which  is  still  standing  (divided  into 
cottages,  and  by  some  called  Paper  or  Papist  Hall)  at  a  place 
called  Chapel  Well,  at  the  top  of  Shilbank  Lane  in  Mirfield. . 

Torr  mentions  an  old  MS.  which  is  said  to  have  been  written 
by  a  *  Monk,  (probably  of  Kirklees)  and  which  is  to  be  seen  in 
the  Library  of  the  Dean  and  Chapter  at  York,  which  says  that 
this  old  Saxon  Church  (of  Mirfield)  stood  in  a  field  called 
Chapel  Hill  which  gave  rise  to  the  old  saying — "  When  Chapel 
stood  at  Chapel  Wells."  A  portion  of  the  building  called 
Paper  Hall,  was  rebuilt  more  than  a  century  back  judging 
from  the  style  of  Architecture.  The  other  part  appears  much 
older,  and  this  building  was  evidently  intended  for  some 
religious  purpose.  The  floor  is  flagged  and  laid  in  diamond 
shape  ;  the  broad  oaken  stairs  with  heavy  moulded  pillars,  re- 
semble the  rails  round  the  Communion  Tables  in  some  of  our 
old  Churches.  The  ceiling  in  the  room  above  is  curiously 
moulded  with  figures  of  Angels,  and  around  it  was  formerly  an 
inscription  in  Lombardic  characters  ;  all  which  together  gave  it 
an  ecclesiastical  appearance.  Whether  this  is  a  remnant  of  the 
old  Chapel,  or  the  place  where  the  last  Prioress  and  the  four 
Nuns  took  up  their  residence  upon  the  suppression  of  the  Con- 
vent at  Kirklees  in  1540,  or  whether  it  was  used  for  both 
purposes  cannot  well  be  known  at  present. 

Dame  Joan  Kepast  was  buried  at  Mirfield  Church,  5th  Feb., 
1561-2,  and  her  burial  is  entered  in  the  parish  Register.  The 
following  inscription  may  still  be  seen  in  the  old  tower  of 
Mirfield  Church,  cut  in  stone  and  built  into  a  window: — "Dame 
Joan  Eepast,  late  Nun  at  Kirklees,  was  buried  February  5th, 
D.A.  1562."  This  inscription,  which  appears  to  be  compara- 
tively modern,  was  formerly  in  the  chancel,  behind  or  under 
the  altar  in  the  old  church,  and  was  placed  in  its  present 
position  for  safety.  Mr.  Ismay  says  that  it  was  formerly  under 
the  north  gallery. 

After  the  suppression  of  the  Nunnery,  the  Prioress  had  an 
annual  pension  of  £2,  and  each  of  the  Nuns  had  £1  18s.  4d. 
per  annum,  as  appears  from  the  following  extract  from  Browne 
Willis's  History  of  Mitred       rliamentary  Abbies,  vol.  ii,  page 

*  Perhaps  Chantry  Priest. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  87 

878:— "Xirkley,  Johanna  Kepax,  late  Prioress,  surrendered 
4Mb  Convent,  4th  November,  1540,  (?  1589,)  and  had  a  pension 
of  £2  per  annum  assigned  her,  which  she  enjoyed  anno  1558, 
in  which  year  there  remained  in  charge  £2  18s.  Od.  in  annuities 
(?  to  the  chantry  priest)  and  these  following  pensions,  viz : — to 
Isabella  Hoptone,  Agnes  Brooke,  Isabella  Rooles,  and  Isabell 
SattershaU(?Tattershall)  £1  18s.  4d.  each." 

No  seal  of  the  Priory  has  been  met  with,  and  there  is  no 
register  or  cartulary  so  far  as  is  known.  The  following  however 
are  extracts  from  charters  which  have  been  obtained  from  the 
Becord  Office,  and  elsewhere :— 20  Henry  III.  (October,  1285, 
to  October,  1286.)  Confirmation*  by  the  King  to  the  Prioress 
and  Convent  of  Kirklees  of  the  place  where  they  remain,  that 
is  Kerkley  and  Hedensley,  (then  follows  a  portion  which  is 
illegible).  From  the  gift  of  Alan,  son  of  Peter,  three  *oxgangs 
of  land  in  Cullingworth  with  the  appurtenances  and  common 
in  Hereden  for  repairing  their  buildings,  and  for  their  fire  and 
pasture,  for  their  beasts  of  burden  in  Cullingworth,  and  for 
their  pigs  fed  in  that  town  food  without  tpannage.  Of  the  gift 
of  Robert,  son  of  Gilbert  de  Bar k6 8 ton,  a  { toft  in  Barkeston 
which  Henry  Smith  formerly  held,  and  80  acres  of  arable  land, 
and  one  acre  of  meadow  in  the  same  town.  From  Henry  Tyas 
one  mark  of  annual  rent  in  the  mill  of  Hathweyte.  From  the 
son  of  John  the  son  of  Amandus,  certain  pieces  of  land  in 
Shelfe,  viz : — Wetecroft,  Hallcroft,  and  Northcroft,  and  common 
of  pasture  belonging  to  the  same  town,  for  400  sheep  by  the 
great  hundred  (i.e.  120)  with  as  many  lambs,  and  for  10  cows 
with  as  many  calves,  and  for  eight  oxen  and  one  horse.  From 
Agnes  de  Flamevill  a  rent  of  8s.  from  three-fourths  of  an  ox- 
gang  of  land  in  Marton  in  Burgoshire.  From  Beimund  de 
Medelay  4/8  rent  from  one  oxgang  of  land  which  William  de 
Barneburn  held  of  the  same  Beimund.  From  Robert,  son  of 
Gilbert  dinddiam  eskeppam  fmmenti.  N.B. — We  give  these  three 
words  in  the  original  Latin  because  we  have  been  unable  to  find 
the  word  "eskeppam"  in  any  dictionary  or  glossary.  It 
appears  to  mean  a  "  skep  "  or  basket,  and  the  words  may  then 
be  translated  half  a  basket  of  corn,  but  our  readers  will  accept 
this  translation  or  not,  as  they  please. 

The  next  Charter  is  a  very  interesting  one,  being  a  grant  by 
Sir  John  le  Fleming  (who  died  about  the  year  1849)  of  a 
"native  "  or  female  serf  to  the  Prioress  and  Convent  of  Kirklees. 
The  Charter  is  printed  in  the  Journal  oi  the  Yorkshire  Arch»o- 
logical  Society,  vol.  IV.,  page  164,  and  is  without  date.  The 
following  is  an  abstract  of  it.  Enow,  present  and  future  persons, 

•  An  oxgang  or  borate  of  land,  was  as  much  aa  one  ox  (or  a  pair)  could 
plough  in  a  season, 
t  Pannage— The  privilege  of  feeding  swine  in  a  wood, 
t  Toft— The  site  of  a  house  burnt  down  or  destroyed. 


88         YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

that  I,  Sir  John  le  Fleming,  have  granted  and  quit-claimed  for 
ever,  to  the  Prioress  of  Kirkeleys  and  the  Holy  Nuns  serving 
God  there  for  the  Soul  of  my  father,  and  for  the  Souls  of  my 
Ancestors,  and  in  consideration  of  three  shillings  and  sixpence 
in  silver,  paid  by  them  to  me,  Alice,  the  daughter  of  William 
Mounger  of  Clifton,  and  her  heirs  with  all  her  following,  and 
her  chattels  moveable  or  immoveable,  present  and  future, 
without  holding  back  so  that  neither  I  nor  any  of  my  heirs  can 
require  or  sell  any  claim  against  the  aforesaid  Alice  or  her 
heirs,  following,  or  chattels.  The  deed  is  witnessed  by  Henry, 
Son  of  Godwin  de  Clifton,  Thomas  de  Grenegate,  Adam  his 
brother,  John  de  Haveweldun,  Thomas  del  Clif,  William  and 
Adam  and  others.  Attached  is  an  oval  seal  in  white  wax  with 
a  fleur  de  lys  and  the  legend  in  old  English  type,  Sir  Johannes 
le  Fiandrensis.  The  deed  is  endorsed  Manumissio  Natives,  but 
this  Appears  to  be  a  mistake,  as  the  document  is  not  a  Manu- 
mission or  grant  of  freedom,  but  a  simple  transfer  of  the  native 
or  serf  to  the  Prioress  and  Nuns.  The  writer  has  now  before 
him  a  copy  of  a  Manumission  whereby  Robert  de  Lepton  grants 
to  Adam,  son  of  Richard  de  Lepton  that  he  may  be  free  from 
all  kind  of  servile  condition  with  all  his  following  (or  progeny) 
begotten  and  to  be  begotten  with  all  their  possessions.  Tins 
deed  is  witnessed  by  William  de  Bemond  (Beaumont),  John  le 
Fleming  de  Dalton,  Thomas,  the  Son  of  the  Parson  of  Heton, 
Wm.  de  Roeley,  Henry  de  Lepton  and  others,  probably  John  le 
Fleming  who  witnessed  this  deed  is  the  same  person  who  gives 
the  "  native  "  to  Eirklees.  It  should  be  borne  in  mind  that  at 
the  time  when  these  deeds  are  supposed  to  have  been  made  (i.e. 
the  beginning  of  the  14th  Century)  most  of  the  labouring  class 
of  England  were  serfs  or  slaves  who  were  sold  and  transferred 
from  one  Lord  to  another  at  will.  Another  class  of  persons 
who  were  not  free  were  the  villeins  who  were  tied  to  the  land 
and  could  not  remove  from  one  Manor  to  another  without  the 
Lord's  consent.  They  held  land  under  the  Lord  for  which  they 
performed  certain  services,  and  so  long  as  these  were  performed 
they  were  safe  in  their  holdings.  For  the  condition  of  non  free 
persons  after  the  Conquest  see  Stubbs*  Constitutional  History 
of  England,  vol.  I,  page  485  et  seq.  The  irritation  caused  by 
serfdom  was  one  of  the  causes  of  the  rebellion  headed  ly  Wat 
Tyler,  which,  says  Bishop  Stubbs,  struck  a  vital  blow  at 
Yillenage.  See  Constitutional  History,  vol.  2,  page  503,  also 
chapter  16  throughout. 

The  next  Charter  relating  to  Eirklees  is  one  dated  28rd 
January,  47  Edward  III.,  (1874)  being  a  Licence  in  Mortmain 
whereby  after  reciting  that  by  Letters  Patent  Licence  has  been 
granted  to  the  Prioress  and  Convent  of  Kirkeleghes  to  acquire 
lands,  tenements,  and  rents  to  the  value  of  £20  per  annum 
except  lands  Ac,  held  of  the  Crown  in  Chief,  Licence  was 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.        89 

granted  to  Thomas  de  Malhum,  Chaplain,  Richard  Brand, 
Chaplain,  and  Richard  de  Galthorn,  Chaplain,  to  grant  to  the 
said  Prioress  and  Convent  one  messuage  and  18  acres  of  land 
and  the  third  part  of  a  messuage  in  Hertesheued,  and  to  the 
same  Thomas  and  Thomas  de  Popelay,  Chaplain,  to  grant  to 
the  said  Prioress  and  Convent  one  messuage,  2  tofts,  88  acres 
of  land,  2  acres  of  meadow,  8  acres  of  wood,  and  0/1  of  rent  in 
Wykcrislay,  and  which  messuages  Ac.  were  worth  88/4  as 
appeared  by  the  Inquisition  of  William  de  Ergum  late  *Esch©tor 
for  the  County  of  York.  And  the  said  Prioress  and  Convent 
were  to  hold  the  premises  so  granted,  being  in  value  f80  shillings 
per  annum,  in  part  satisfaction  of  the  aforesaid  £20. 

The  laws  relating  to  mortmain  date  back  to  the  Magna  Charta 
which  enacts  that  "  it  shall  not  be  lawful  from  henceforth  to 
any  to  give  his  land  to  any  religious  house,"  and  this  prohibi- 
tion is  now  extended  so  as  to  prevent  any  alienation  of  lands  to 
a  "  dead  hand "  with  certain  exceptions.  Formerly  a  licence 
from  the  Crown  was  required  before  grants  of  land  could  be 
made  into  mortmain  to  a  religious  body  or  other  corporation. 
For  farther  information  on  this  subject  and  on  the  early  history 
of  the  alienation  of  land,  see  Digby's  History  of  the  Law  of 
Real  Property,  a  work  published  at  the  Clarendon  Press,  Oxford. 

By  a  Licence  in  Mortmain  dated  15th  July,  49,  Edward  III., 
(1875),  licence  was  granted  to  William  de  Mirfeld,  Clerk,  and 
Roger  de  Barneburgh,  Clerk,  to  grant  to  the  Prioress  and  Con- 
vent of  Kirklees,  the  Manor  of  Westhagh  (?  in  Kirkburton)  one 
messuage,  one  oxgang,  and  ten  acres  of  land,  and  half  of  five 
acres  of  meadow,  and  17$d.  of  rent  in  Eesseburgh,  Bergh, 
Heghome,  Westbretton,  Clayton,  Derton,  Wollay,  and  Birch- 
waye;  and  to  Thomas  de  Malhom,  Chaplain,  and  Richard 
Brand,  Chaplain,  to  grant  to  the  said  Prioress  and  Convent  four 
messuages,  one  oxgang,  72|  acres  of  land  (unam  bovatam 
aexaginta  et  duodecim  acras  tre  dimid :)  and  6ix  shillings  and 
eightpence  of  rent  in  J  Magna  Lyuersegge,  Robert  Lyuersegge, 
and  Parva  Lyuersegge,  and  to  Thomas  de  Metham,  Knight, 
(Chinaler)  to  grant  100  shillings  of  rent  in  Halgton.  And  the 
premises  comprised  in  this  licence  being  in  value  £10  per 
annum  were  to  be  in  part  satisfaction  of  the  £20  previously 
mentioned  and  in  aid  of  the  support  of  the  Prioress  and  Convent 
for  ever.  John  Sayvill  is  mentioned  here  as  Esch&tor.  The 
"William  de  Mirfield  named  in  this  Licence  was  a  member  of 
the  family  of  that  name,  which  springing  from  the  parish  of 
Mirfield  afterwards  settled  in  Batley  and  had  considerable 
property  there.     Many  of  the  family  were  buried  at  Batley 

#  The  Escluetor  was  the  officer  whose  business  it  was  to  look  after  property 
forfeited  to  the  Crown,  hold  inquisitions,  do. 

t  GO  in  the  license. 

♦  Hightown,  Boberttown,  and  Littletown. 


90         YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

Church  where  may  still  be  seen  a  fine  tomb  with  coats  of  arms 
of  the  Mirfield8  and  other  families,  and  the  effigies  of  a  knight 
in  armour  and  his  lady. 

An  Inquisition  was  taken  at  York  on  Friday  next  before  the 
Feast  of  the  Conversion  of  St.  Paul,  18th  Richard  n.  (25th 
January,  1895),  before  Hugh  de  Arderne,  Esohsator,  and  a  jury 
who  say  that  it  is  not  to  the  prejudice  of  the  King  or  others  if 
he  grant  to  John  Mounteney,  Knight,  John  Woderoue,  John  de 
Amyas,  and  William  de  Sandal,  Chaplain,  that  they  may  grant 
to  the  Prioress  and  Convent  of  Kirklees,  fifty  acres  of  land  in 
Mirfield  and  the  advowson  of  the  Church  there  for  the  purpose 
of  finding  a  *  Chaplain  to  celebrate  divine  service  every  day  in 
the  Conventual  Church  of  Kyrkelees  for  the  soul  of  Sir  John  de 
Burgh  and  for  the  souls  of  Ins  ancestors,  and  of  all  the  faithful 
departed ;  and  to  the  said  Prioress  and  Convent  to  receive  and 
hold  the  same  premises.  Item,  the  jury  say  that  the  aforesaid 
land  and  advowson  are  held  of  John,  Duke  of  Aquitaine  and 
Lancaster,  as  of  his  +  honour  of  Pontefract  by  knight  service, 
and  the  aforesaid  Duke  John  holds  the  said  honour  of  the  King 
in  chief  (that  is  direct  from  the  King  without  an  intervening 
Lord)  by  knight  service.  That  the  aforesaid  fifty  acres  are 
worth  12/6  per  annum,  and  that  the  aforesaid  church  is  worth 
18  I  marks  per  annum.  The  jury  then  state  that  Sir  John 
Mounteney,  John  Woderoue  and  John  de  Amyas  hold  divers 
lands  and  tenements  in  Shitelyngton,  Wollay,  and  Shirclif  in 
the  county  of  York,  of  the  aforesaid  Duke  by  knight  service, 
which  are  worth  £40  per  annum  and  are  sufficient  to  answer 
all  customs,  services,  and  burdens,  as  well  for  themselves  as  for 
the  said  fifty  acres.  The  jury  further  state  that  William  de 
Sandal  has  no  other  lands  or  tenements  in  the  county  of  York* 
The  object  of  this  Inquisition  was,  to  ascertain  whether  the 
grant  of  land  above  mentioned  would  cause  any  detriment  to 
the  King  by  loss  of  rents,  services,  or  otherwise.  At  the  date 
of  this  inquiry  it  was  almost  impossible  to  alienate  land  without 
a  licence  from  the  Crown,  whose  object  was  to  keep  the  land  in 
large  holdings  liable  to  knight  service.  A  knight's  fee  was 
estimated  at  about  640  acres  in  area,  or  about  £20  per  annum 
in  value,  and  the  obligation  on  the  owner  was  to  furnish  at  his 
own  expense  a  full-armed  horseman  for  military  service  for  40 
days  in  the  year.  Military  tenures  were  abolished  by  the 
statute  12,  Charles  II,  chapter  24. 

*  The  Chaplain  was  pensioned  off  at  the  dissolution  of  the  Convent,  but  his 
name  does  not  appear  in  the  list  of  persons  receiving  pensions  in  1568,  given 
by  Browne  Willis  in  his  history  of  Mitred  Parliamentary  Abbies,  vol.  ii. 

f  An  honour  was  a  large  district  comprising  several  manors  and  was  the 
qualifying  holding  of  a  baron  or  earl.  Sometimes  however  suoh  a  holding 
was  called  a  manor  (e.g.  the  manor  of  Wakefield)  and  comprised  several  sub- 
manors  held  of  the  chief  lord. 

J  A  mark  of  silver  was  13/4  ;  of  gold  £6 ;  but  marks  of  silver  are  here  meant. 


YOBKSHIKF,  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.        91 

Following  on  the  above  Inquisition  comes  a  Licence  in  Mort- 
main, dated  20th  April,  19  Richard  II.  (1896),  for  granting  the 
above  mentioned  50  acres  of  land  in  Mirfield,  and  the  advowson 
of  the  church  to  the  said  Prioress  and  Convent.  Then  comes 
the  grant  dated  at  Mirfield  on  Sunday  next  after  the  Feast  of 
St.  Michael  the  Archangel,  1390,  and  this  Grant  is  confirmed 
by  a  Licence  dated  at  Pontefract  Castle,  27th  June,  1st  Henry 
IV.  (1400).  A  mutilated  extract  from  the  Bull  of  Pope  Boniface 
appropriating  the  church  of  Mirfield  to  the  Prioress  and  Convent 
of  Kirklees,  may  be  seen  in  Whitaker's  History  of  Leeds,  page 
864. 

On  the  4th  August,  1408,  (4  Henry  IV.)  Richard  Scroope, 
Archbishop  of  York,  ordained  a  perpetual  Vicarage  in  the  said 
church,  presentable  by  the  said  Prioress  and  Convent,  who 
were  to  have  all  the  tithes  of  *  garbs  and  hay,  and  the  entire 
tithe  of  fallen  wood  together  with  the  whole  mansion  of  the 
rectory.  And  the  Vicar  should  have  his  Vicarage  consist  in 
oblations,  profits,  minute-tithes,  in  the  f  altarage  and  {personal 
tithes  whatsoever,  and  in  all  singular  other  the  obventions  and 
profits  belonging  to  the  church  excepting  the  tithes  of  garbs, 
hay,  and  fallen  wood.  Moreover  the  said  Prioress  and  Convent 
should  provide  at  their  own  cost6  for  the  first  time,  a  mansion 
with  competent  buildings  for  the  Vicar  and  his  successors. 
And  the  said  Prioress  and  Convent  should  bear  all  burdens, 
ordinary  and  extraordinary  (**  Synodals  excepted),  incumbent 
on  the  said  Church.  The  Vicar  only  paying  6/8  to  the  §Dismes 
when  granted  to  the  King  out  of  the  spiritual  goods  of  ecclesi- 
astical persons. 

The  writer  is  not  aware  of  any  other  documents  relating  to 
Kirklees  until  we  come  to  those  relating  to  the  dissolution  of 
the  Priory,  the  first  being  a  survey  of  the  demesne  lands  and  of 
the  rectory  of  Mirfield,  of  which  the  following  is  a  translation : 

Kirkleis  late  Priory  of  Nuns  in  the  County  of  York. 

In  the  renewed  rental  of  the  lands  and  tenements  belonging 
to  the  said  late  Priory,  surrendered  and  dissolved  on  the  24th 
day  of  November,  in  the  81st  year  of  the  reign  of  the  very  much 
to  be  dreaded  Lord  King  Henry  VIII.,  amongst  other  things  it 
is  contained  thus,  as  follows : — 

*  Sheaves  of  corn. 

t  Offerings  made  on  the  altar,  and  also  small  tithes,  such  as  tithes  of  wool, 
lamb,  colt,  calf,  pigs,  chickens,  butter,  cheese,  &o. 

{  Personal  tithes  are  paid  of  such  things  as  come  of  the  labour  and  industsy 
of  man. 

••  Synodals  are  tributes  in  money  paid  by  the  clergy  to  the  Bishop  or 
Archdeacon  at  the  Easter  Visitation. 

t  Dismes  or  deeimoe  are  tithes,  bat  generally  signify  the  tenths  of  spiritual 
brings,  which  were  formerly  paid  to  the  Pope,  and  afterwards  to  the  Crown. 


92        YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

Demesne  lands: 
Site  of  the  said  late  Priory  with  the  dovecote, 
gardens,  orchard,  and  other  conveniences  with- 
in the  precincts  of  the  same  is  worth  per  annum 
Item  one  windmill  there  is  worth  per  annum 

Item  Ralph  Blackburn  holds  a  house  with  a  kitchen 

within  the  aforesaid  site  and  pays  per  annum... 
Item  one  close  of  Pasture  called  Gastilfelde  contain- 
ing by  estimation  80  acres  is  worth  per  annum 
Item  a  close  called  the  West  Oxe  Pasture  containing 

by  estimation  8  acres  of  Pasture  is  worth  per  an. 
Item  a  close  called  the  East  Oxe  Pasture  containing 

by  estimation  12  acres  of  Pasture,  per  annum 
Item  a  close  called  the  High  Stubbinge  containing  by 

estimation  10  acres  of  Pasture  is  worth  per  arm. 
Item  a  close  called  Marebrigge  Flatt  containing  by 

estimation  6  acres  of  Pasture  is  worth  per  ann. 
Item  a  close  called  fforbrigge  Flatt  containing  by 

estimatio  n  4  acres  of  arable  land  is  worth  per  ann. 
Item  a  close  called  Lyon  Roode  containing  12  acres 

of  arable  land  is  worth  per  annum      

Item  a  close  called  Cowe  fforde  containing  6  acres 

of  arable  land  is  worth  per  annum       

Item  a  close  called  EUeytre  fflatt  containing  8  acres 

of  Pasture  is  worth  per  annum ' 

Item  a  close  called  Marledoore  containing  2  acres 

of  Pasture  is  worth  per  annum 

Item  a  close  called  Stakford  containing  14  acres  of 

meadow  is  worth  per  annum 

Item   a  close  called  Stubbynge   ynge    containing 

7  acres  of  meadow  is  worth  per  annum 
Item  a  close  called  Swyne  Pasture  and  another  close 

called  the  Calfe  Grofte  containing  8  acres  of 

meadow  worth  per  annum        

Item  a  close  called  Brode  Ynge  containing  8  acres  of 

meadow  is  worth  per  annum 

Item  a  close  called  Clifton  fflatt  containing  10  acres 

of  Pasture  is  worth  per  annum 

Item  a  close  called  Cote  fflatt  containing  10  acres  of 

arable  land  is  worth  per  annum  

Item  a  close  called  Hukrode  containing  27  acres  of 

Pasture  is  worth  per  annum     

Item  a  close  called  Newe  close  containing  10  acres 

of  arable  land  is  worth  per  annum      

Item  a  close  called  Ffrewell  containing  18  acres  of 

arable  land  is  worth  per  annum 


8. 

a. 

iij. 

iiij. 

nil. 

8. 

yj- 

8. 

X. 

8. 

▼iij. 

8. 

iiij. 

s. 

a. 

iij. 

iiij. 

8. 

iij. 

8. 

iiij. 

8. 

iiij. 

8. 

ij- 

s. 

'  viij. 

8. 

ij- 

8. 

d. 

xviij. 

viij. 

8. 

d. 

yj- 

yj- 

8. 

V. 

8. 

iiij. 

8. 

a. 

iy. 

iiij. 

8. 

V. 

8. 

d. 

xiij. 

VI. 

8. 

d. 

yj- 

VUJ- 

8. 

yj- 

YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.        98 

Item  the  herbage  of  a  close  there  called  Nunbanke 
containing  4  acres  of  pasture   and  has  the 
underwood  of  Crofton  three  (?  acres)  worth  per      8. 
annum     ...        ...        ...        ...         ...        ...      ij. 

Item  the  herbage  of  a  close  of  wood  called  Newe 
Wood  containing  20  acres  and  the  pasture  of 
the  same  is  worth  per  annum  and  has  400  oaks      8. 

of  100  years  growth       v. 

li.      s.      d. 

Total  rents  of  the  demesne  lands    yj.    xiij.    iiij. 

Beotoiy  of  Mirfield. 

Richard  Lee  and  others  hold  all  the  glebe 
lands  belonging  to  the  aforesaid  rectory  paying      s.      d. 
therefor  per  annum        xxvj.  viij. 

Item  there  were  in  the  hands  of  the  said  late  prioress 
and  convent  the  tithe  of  grain  and  hay  there 
with  the  tithe  barn  and  a  close  adjoining  to  the      s. 
same  barn  which  are  worth  per  annum  ...      c. 

li.      s.      d. 

Total vj.     yj.    viij. 

JACOBO   BIKY8BEBE, 
BYCHARD  BYCHE, 

per  me,  HUGONEM  FFULLEB, 

Audit: 

From  Dugdale's  Monasticon,  vol.  v.,  page  739,  the  writer  has 
extracted  the  following,  which  gives  the  situation  of  the  several 
properties  of  the  Priory : — 

Account  of  the  Ministers  of  the  Lord  King  in  the  time  of 
Henry  VIII. 

(Abstract  of  Boll  84,  Henry  VIII,  Augmentation  Office,) 
County  of  York. 


£   a. 

d. 

Kirkleys,  Site  with  demesne  lands... 

... 

6  18 

4 

West  Haye  by  West  Burton,  *Beditus  et  firm©  4.    6 

8 

Hudderfelde 

f 

99 

1     4 

0 

Wekeleye                                  , 

9 

»9 

2    6 

2 

Gullynworth 

9 

19 

0  17 

7 

Shelfe 

9 

99 

0  18 

4 

Leveyage  [Liversedge.]            , 

9 

99 

2    2 

2 

Hartishede                                , 

9 

99 

2    6 

6 

8cooles                                     , 

9 

»» 

0    5 

0 

Danbye  Orange 

9 

99 

0    6 

8 

Darton 

>9 

99 

0    4. 

0 

Hokynwyk  [Heckmondwike.] 

n 

99 

0    8 

4 

Kexburgh                                  , 

9 

99 

0    7 

6 

*  Bent*  and  farms.    Beditos  means  the  rent  payable  by  a  tenant  to  his 
landlord.    Firma  is  a  fixed  rent  payable  out  of  land. 


tt  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIEa 

Emley  Reditus  et  firm®  0    8    0 

Saddle  worth*  „  ,,068 

Salkthwaite  [Slakthwaite.]        „  „      0  18    4 

Lyttle  Towne  alias  Leversage  ,,  ,,060 

Hokynwk  0    0    6 

He  ton  (Rent  of  land  of  the  Abbott  of  Fonn  tains)  0    2    4 
Mirfelde,  Firma  Rector :  6     6    8 


18    9 


The  next  document  is  the  account  of  William  Chamber, 
Collector  of  Bents,  &c,  belonging  to  the  Priory.  The  account 
is  for  the  year  commencing  Michaelmas  34,  Henry  Yin.,  and 
ending  Michaalmas  85,  Henry  YIH.  The  demesne  lands  and 
site  of  the  Priory  are  put  down  at  £6  18s.  4d.  for  the  year. 
(To  he  continued.) 


Saiitom  jaoks.— (l.) 

An  Account  of  ye  Number  of  ye  Pews  and  Seats  in  the 
Chappell  of  Bayldon  and  to  whom  they  belong,  1728. 

ffrom  ye  Quire  Door  upon  the  South  Side. 

1. — Edward  Thompson,  Esq.'s  pew.  2. — Ditto.  8. — Ditto. 
4. — Thomas  Brooks,  two  seats  upper  end,  Jonathan  Hudson, 
one  seat,  and  Thomas  Cockshot,  one  seat.  5. — Henry  Slater, 
two  seats.  6. — No  name.  7. — Jonathan  Hudson,  a  pew. 
8. — Samuel  Walker,  the  whole.  9. — William  Hudson,  one  seat. 
10. — John  Butler,  junior,  ye  whole.  11. — Edward  Thompson, 
Esq.  12.— Ditto.  18. — No  name.  14. — John  Butler,  junior, 
ye  whole. 

ffrom  ye  west  end  on  tlie  south  side  adjoyrriny  to  Hie  pillars : 

15. — Samuel  Walker,  one,  Thomas  Newby,  one  seat  in  ye 
same.  16. — Bo.  Holden,  six  seats  in  ye  said  pew.  17. — Henry 
Slater,  two  seats.  18. — John  Lobley,  a  pew.  19. — John  Butler, 
junior,  three  seats.     20. — John  Butler,  for  Bushford  Farm,  two 

seats,  and  John one  seat.    21. — Joshua  Wray,  two  seats 

for  Mr.  and  two  seats  for  William  Boiling.    22. — Mr. 

Robert  Holden,  one  pew.     28. — Sr.  Wr.  Hawksworth,  one  pew 
with  a  petition  t  in  it. 

*  The  following  is  extracted  from  Whitaker's  History  of  Whalley,  4th 
edition,  vol.  II.,  page  437,  note  8: — There  is  in  the  possession  of  R.  H. 
Beaumont,  Esq.,  of  Whitley,  a  charter  by  which  Robert  de  Stapleton  grants 
to  God,  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary,  and  St.  James  of  Eirkeleys,  8  acres  Ac,  in 
Sadelworthe,  housebote,  haybote,  Ac.  Reserving  to  the  grantor  and  his  heirs 
41  feris  forestoQ  meco  et  omnibus  aliis  dignitatibus  forestoe." 

t  Partition. 


96  Y0RK8HIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

From  the  east  end  window  adjoyning  to  ye  pillars  on  the  north  side. 

24. — John  Langwith.  26. — No  name.  26. — James  Brook, 
8,  Francis  Goldsbrough.  27.— Mrs.  Mary  Swaine,  the  whole. 
28. — Thomas  Brook  and  Mr.  Holden.  29. — James  Brook  and 
Francis  Goldsbrough.  80. — No  name.  31. — Edward  Thompson, 
Esq*  82. — John  Smith,  one  seat.  88. — Joshnah  Butler,  the 
whole.  84. — John  Binns,  the  whole.  85. — John  Butler  (Lon- 
don), whole.      86. — John  Butler.  ■     87. — Mrs.   Mary 

Swahie.  88. — Mr.  Bobert  Holden,  ye  whole.  

89. — William  .     Name  torn  off.     40. — Name  torn  off. 

41. — Name  torn  off.  42. — Thomas  Cockshot,  the  whole.  48. — 
No  name.  44. — Memorandum — That  this  seat  was  repaired  by 
Jonathan  Hudson  in  Westgate;  Israel  Coltass;  William  Newby, 
and  Thomas  Genniugs,  yet  had  no  title  but  the  consent  of  ye 
town  untill  the  right  owner  made  the  claime.  45. — No  name. 
46. — Valentine  Priestman.     47.  48. — William  Butler  of 

London,  whole.    49.  50. — Bichard  Hudson  (Marscoate). 

51. — Timothy  Collyer  and  Francis  ffieldhouse.     52.  58. — 

Thomas  Brook,  a  pew.  64. — William  Long,  ye  pew,  and  Thos. 
Walker.  55. — Lent  without  rent,  for  the  which  is  in  possession 
of  Jer.  Clarkson.     56.  57.  58.  59.— Thomas 

Walker.  60. — Edward  Thompson,  Esq.,  belonging  Moss  Farm. 
61.— No  name.    62.— Thomas  Walker. 

1728. — We,  whose  names  are  underwritten,  doe  own,  to  the 
best  of  our  knowledge,  as  arranged  above  doth  belong  these 
persons  as  the  figures 

As  witness  our  hands — 

Bo.  Holden, 
Thomas  Bbooke, 
John  Butleb, 
Timothy  Gollteb. 

Transcribed  from  the  original  in  the  possession  of  Mr. 
William  Scruton. 

Stows  mentions  Baildon  having  a  church  in  the  year  1412, 
but  this  erection  is  supposed  to  have  been  partly  burnt,  and 
then  rebuilt.  The  demolition  of  the  old  "  Chappell  of  Bayldon," 
was  begun  on  May  10th,  1847 ;  and  the  present  edifice  was 
opened  by  the  Bishop  of  Bipon,  on  the  29th  of  February,  1848. 
The  living  is  in  the  gift  of  trustees.  In  the  year  1868  a  new 
trust-deed  was  drawn  up,  and  the  following  gentlemen  were 
inscribed  as  trustees : — James  Bent,  Esq.,  Dr.  Lockley,  Abraham 
Maud,  Esq.,  Captain  Maude,  Edward  Salt,  Esq.,  and  Messrs. 
Baily,  Blackburn,  Charles  F.  Walker,  W.  W.  Holmes,  and 
Bichard  Goldsborough.  The  value  of  the  living  is  said  to  be 
about  £800  per  annum. 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.        97 

HirUtts  fimmtxq,  ((totdimxtb  front  p.  94.) 

By  8.  J.  Chadwick. 

Sundry  rents  are  put  down  at  £17  2s.  Id.  It  is  then  stated 
thai  the  rent  of  the  rectory  of  Myrefelde  with  the  tithe  barn 
and  adjacent  close  of  land  (£6  6s.  8d.)  is  not  returned  because 
the  King  by  his  letters  patent  has  granted  all  the  said  rectory 
with  its  rights  and  appurtenances  to  Thomas  Savell  of  Clyfton, 
in  the  County  of  York,  gentleman.  But  the  Collector  returns 
12s.  8d.  owing  by  the  said  Thomas  Savell  for  rent  reserved  to 
the  lord  King  out  of  the  rectory  of  Merefelde.  The  total  of  the 
year's  account  including  7s.  arrears  from  the  previous  account 
is  £24  15s.  Id.,  which  does  not  agree  with  Dugdale's  statement, 
who  says  that  at  the  time  of  the  suppression,  the  Nunnery  was 
valued  at  £20  7s.  8d.  gross,  and  £10  8s.  Id.  clear.  Perhaps  in 
Dugdale's  estimate  the  value  of  the  buildings  and  land  in  hand 
is  not  included.  From  the  above  mentioned  account  we  learn 
that  the  Collector's  fee  or  commission  was  £1  6s.  8d.  per  an- 
num. The  clerk  for  writing  out  the  account  had  2s.  Paid  for 
care  of  Nunwood  18s.  4d.  Paid  to  Leonard  Beckwith,  Esq., 
the  King's  receiver  for  the  County  of  York  for  the  outgoings  of 
the  year  £13  7s.  Id.,  making  a  total  payment  of  £15  9s.  Id., 
and  leaving  a  balance  due  of  £9  6s.  0d.,  which  is  all  disposed 
of  as  follows : — 

£    s.   d. 
To  *Bobert  Pylkyngton  for  rent  of  land  in  the  parish 
of  Heton  (Kirkheaton)  belonging  to  the  Abbey 
of  Fountains,  at  2s.  4d.  per  annum  for  4  years 

including  arrears 0    9    4 

To  Thomas  Savell,  of  Exeleye,  in  the  County  of 
York,  gentleman,  for  rent  of  the  grange  there 
called  Westhaye  by  Westburton  (which  he 
claimed,  by  colour  of  the  King's  letters,   i.e. 

letters  patent)      2    8    4 

To  Thomas  Savell,  of  Clifton,  gentleman,  for  rent  of 
the  site  of  the  Priory  and  the  demesne  lands 
(which  he  claimed  by  colour  of  the  King's  letters)    6  18    4 
The  next  document  is  the  particulars  for  a  grant  to  Richard 
Andrews  and  f  William  Bamsden  of  part  of  the  possessions  of 

'  Probably  the  same  who  married  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Thomas  Savell, 
of  Clifton,  the  purchaser  of  the  rectory  of  Mirfield. 

t  Win.  Bamsden  of  Longley  Hall,  obtained  divers  grants  of  Church  lands 
inrfmting  the  advowson  of  Hnddersfield,  and  other  possessions  of  the  Priory 
it  Hostell,  also  the  site  and  demesne  lands  of  Boche  Abbey  in  South  York- 
shire, &c,  &o.  He  died  in  London  7th  Nov.,  1580.  He  appears  to  have 
married  the  Sister-in-law  of  the  above-named  Thomas  Savell,  of  Exeley. 
The  SavQeB,  Bamsdens,  and  Pilkingtons  obtained  a  fair  share  of  the  Abbey 
lands  in  this  part  of  Yorkshire  on  the  dissolution  of  the  Monasteries. 

T.H.Q.  a 


98        YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

the  Priory  of  Kirklees.  As  these  particulars  will  no  doubt  be 
found  interesting,  we  give  a  full  abstract  of  them.  They  are 
partly  in  English  and  partly  in  Latin,  and  the  quaint  spelling 
of  the  former  is  here  given : — 

Md.  that  wee  Richard  Andros  and  William  Bomsden  require 
to  purchase  of  the  King's  Highness  by  virtue  of  the  King's 
Commission  of  Sale  the  premisses  beyng  of  the  cleare  yearly 
value  of  lxviiift.  ix*.  jd.  the  tenth  not  beyng  deducted.  In 
witnesse  wherof  we  have  subscribed  this  bill  with  our  hands  and 
putte  our  sealls  the  day  and  yere  in  the  seid  rate  specified. 

p  me  Riom  Androys. 

O  ##Ti,  to.. 

xxvii  die  Maie  Anno  rr.  Henr :  viii  xxxv  concerning  the 
Sale  to  Richard  Andrewes. 

Item  of  the  possessions  of  Kyrkeleys  viulu  vs.  viiid. 

Parcel  of  the  possessions  of  the  late  Priory  of  Kirkelies  freely 


County  of  York.  Denby  in  the  parish  Heaton.  There  are  no 
lands,  tenements,  or  rents  there  belonging  to  the  Priory  other 
than 

William  Clayton  is  tenant  at  will  of  certain  lands  there 
paying  yearly  at  Martinmas  and  Whitsuntide  vj«.  viijd. 
Memord.  that  the  same  lands  lye  by  estymacon  xj  or  xij 
myles  distunte  from  Pountefract  Castle,  and  vij  or  viij  myles 
from  Wakefelde. 

Exr.  P.  Hugon  ffuller, 

Audit. 
Parcel  of  the  lands  Ac,  of  the  above  Priory  in  the  accounts 
of  Wm.  Chamber,  Collector  of  the  King's  rents,  84,  Henry  VIII. 
Westhey  by  Westburton  in  the  parish  of  Darton. 
Thomas  Sparke  and  John  Sparke  are  tenants  at 
will  of  two  tenements  there  and  pay  per  annum 
at  Martinmas  and  Whitsuntide  with  vjs.  viijd.  li.    s.     d. 
paid  to  the  heir  of  Sir  Jas.  Strangways,  Knt...iiy.  vj.  viij. 
Shelf  in  the  parish  of  Halifax. 
The  late  wife  (?  widow)  of  John  Priestley  holds  by 
deed  under  the  common  seal  of  the  Priory  for 
a  term  of  years  as  is  said  one  tenement  with 
lands,  meadows,  &c,  &c,  and  pays  per  annum      s.      d. 

at  the  aforesaid  feasts ...     xiij.    iiij. 

Leusage  (Liversedge)  in  the  parish  of  BristalKBirstall). 
Wm.  Brooke  holds  by  deed  under  the  common  seal 
of  the  Priory  for  a  term  of  years  one  tenement 
with  its  appurtenances  and  pays  per  annum  at 
the  aforesaid  feasts  with  iiijd.  for  a  portion  of  s.  d. 
two  Autumn  tasks  called  *  "  Side  boones."  ...  xxiiij.  x. 

*  "  Side  booties "  means  service  or  work  with  the  sickle  in  harvest.  In 
Halliwell's  Dictionary  of  Archaic  and  Obsolete  Word*  "  boon  dayB  "  are  said 


B. 

d. 

X11J. 
8. 

iiij. 

8. 

1UJ. 

V. 

d. 

VI. 

8. 

d. 

Uj. 

1UJ 

Y0RK8HIBE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  98T 

Thoe.  Sawood  otherwise  Solithwood  son  and  heir 
of  Richard  Southwood  holds  by  deed  as  above 

a  cottage  rent  per  annum         

Thomas  Poplewell  holds  by  deed  as  above  a  cot- 
tage called  Stonehouses,  annual  rent 

Scoles  in  the  parish  of  BirstalT. 

John  Brooke  occupies  a  toft,  annual  rent 

The  heirs  of  Edward  Stones  hold  certain  lands 

there,  annual  rent         

Hekynwik  (Heckmondwike)  in  the  parish  of  BirstalL 

The  late  wife  (?  widow)  of  John  Kighley  holds  by 

deed  as  above  iij.  closes  of  land,  annual  rent... 

Emeley — John   Clayton  holds   by   deed  as  above 

certain  parcell  of  meadow  lying  in  Shepeleycarre      s. 

within  Emley  parke,  annual  rent        viij. 

Sadil worth — Richard  Wrigley  holds  by  deed  as  above 

one  tenement      li.    s.    d. 

Total viij.   v.  viij. 

Gerteyne  landes  and  tenements  in  Denbye  in  the  seyd  Gountie 
parcell  of  the  possessions  of  the  late  Monasterye  of  Kyrklees. 

Trees  growing  about  the  scytuacon  of  the  said  tenements  and 
in  hedges  inclosing  landes  parteynyng  to  the  same  will  bare 
snfiyce  to  repayre  the  forseyd  tenements  and  to  meynteyn  the 
hedgis  and  fencys  aboute  the  same  therefore  not  valued 

by  me  Willm.  Cowper. 
One  tenement  in  Shell?  ^    t>       n    «  <i  •  * 

X!e  tenement  in  Scoles  -    Par.cf  ^2°^^  * 

Three  tenements  in  Leversaee  J  the  Be7d  late  ^T*- 

Ther  be  growinge  aboute  the  scytuacons  of  the  said  tenements 
and  in  hedgis  inclosing  lands  parteyning  to  the  same  lx  polling 
okes,  aishes,  and  elmys  of  lx  and  lxxx  yeres'  growthe  whereof 
xxx  reservaid  to  the  fermer  and  tenants  there  for  tymber  for 
houseboote  to  repayre  their  forseyd  tenements  and  to  meynteyne 
the  forseyd  hedgis  therefore  not  valuid  and  xxx  trees  resydue 
valuid  at  ijd.  the  tree  which  is  in  the  holle  vs. 

by  me  Willm.  Cowper. 
Two  tenements  in  Westheye  in  the  tenure  of  Thos.  Sparke  and 
John  Sparke  parcell  of  the  late*  Priory e  of  Eyrkleys. 
The  Hayke  groue  conteyneth  yj  acres, 
West  Strodes  copp  conteyneth  iiij  acres, 
Scrathayks  groue  conteyneth  iij  acres, 
Dowkers  groue  conteyneth  one  acre. 
Total  acres  xiiij. 

to  be  those  on  which  a  tenant  is  bound  to  work  for  his  lord  gratis ;  and  in 
Basther's  Dialect  of  Almondbury  and  Huddernjield  it  is  said  that  "  to  give  a 
booin "  is  to  assist  a  farmer  gratis  to  get  in  his  crops.  In  the  present  case 
William  Brooke  appears  to  have  paid  to  the  Convent  4d.  per  annum  in  lien  of 
two  days'  work  with  the  sickle  whioh  would  be  one  of  the  terms  of  his  tenancy. 
On  this  subject  see  also  Seebohm's  English  Village  Community. 


100  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

whereof  vij  acres  (xs.  vjrf.)  of  iij  yeres  growthe  and  vij 
acres  (xiiij*.)  of  iiij  yeres  growthe  the  wood  of  every  acre 
aforseyd  valuid  as  appeareth  whyoh  is  in  the  holle  (xxiiijs. 

The  Spryngs  of  the  wood  p  grounde  of  xiiij  acres  afor- 
seyd rated  yerly  at  vj<J.  the  acre  woh  ys  yerly  in  the  hollo 
vij*.  and  amounteth  after  xx  yeres  purchase  to  vijft. 
Item  there  be  growing  in  the '  seyd  copp  woodes  the  short 
shrubbyd  and  pollinge  okes  of  xl  and  lx  yeres  growth  valuid  at 
iiijd.  the  tree  whych  is  in  the  holle  xx*. 

by  me  Willm.  Cowper. 
At  the  dissolution  of  the  Priory  the  rectory  of  Mirfield  and  the 
glebe  lands,  tithes,  tithe  barn,  &c,  and  the  right  of  presentation 
to  the  Vicarage  were  granted  24th  April,  82  Hen.  VIII  to  Thos. 
Savile  of  Clifton  gentleman,  to  hold  by  the  service  of  the  10th 
part  of  one  knight's  fee  and  at  the  annual  rent  of  12s.  8d.  The 
price  paid  to  Grown  by  Mr.  Savile  being  £114. 

On  the  81st  May,  86  Henry  VHI,  the  site  and  precincts  of 
the  Priory  then  in  the  occupation  of  the  above-named  Thos. 
Savile,  the  buildings  (except  the  lead  of  the  roofs  and  windows), 
demesne  lands,  and  other  lands  containing  an  area  of  about  26(X 
acres  were  granted  to  John  Tasburgh  and  Nicholas  Savile  to  be 
held  of  the  King  in  chief  by  the  service  of  one  fortieth  part  of  a 
knight's  fee,  the  price  paid,  including  other  property,  being  £987 
15s.  7d.,  a  small  annual  rent  of  18s.  4d.  being  also  reserved  to 
the  King.  Other  property  of  the  Priory  in  Huddersfield,  Harts- 
head,  and  other  places,  was  granted  14th  Septr.,  86  Henry 
VIII,  to  the  above  mentioned  William  Bamsden  of  Longley,  an 
ancestor  of  the  present  owner  of  Huddersfield.  On  the  8th. 
July,  1  Edward  VI,  License  was  granted  by  the  Grown  to 
Outhbert  Savell  of  Clifton,  son  of  the  above-named  Thos.  Savile, 
to  dispose  of  the  rectory  of  Mirfield  with  the  tithes,  glebe,  Ac, 
to  the  above-named  Wm,  Bamsden,  who  on  the  14th  Octr.,  in 
the  same  year  obtained  a  License  from  the  Crown  to  dispose  or 
the  rectory,  and  the  glebe  lands,  tithes,  tithe  barn,  &c,  to  John 
Dyghton  of  Batley,  gentleman.  These  transactions  were  proba- 
bly only  family  arrangements,  for  in  May,  4  Edw.  VI,  a  License 
was  granted  to  John  Dyghton  to  dispose  of  the  same  premises 
to  Elizabeth  Savell  and  Cuthbert  Savell,  doubtless  the  widow 
and  son  of  Thomas  Savell,  the  original  grantee  from  the  Crown. 
On  the  29th  March,  1  Edw.  VI,  License  was  granted  to  the 
said  Wm.  Bamsden  of  Longley,  and  James  More,  clerk  (proba- 
bly a  trustee  for  Bamsden),  to  alienate  the  site  and  demesne 
lands  of  Kirklees  to  Thos.  Gargrave,  Esq.  Eventually  in  tho 
latter  part  of  the  reign  of  Elizabeth,  most  of  the  Kirklees  estates 
in  Clifton  and  Hartshead,  the  rectory  and  advowson  of  Mirfield, 
the  glebe  lands,  tithes,  &c,  came  by  purchase  into  the  hands  of 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  101 

John  *Armitage,  the  ancestor  of  the  present  owner,  and  the 
property  has  continued  in  his  family  to  the  present  time,  except 
the  advowson  of  Mirfield  which  was  sold  rather  more  than  80 
years  ago  to  Joshua  Ingham,  Esq.,  of  Blake  Hall,  Mirfield. 

The  writer  has  been  unable  to  find  any  mention  of  the  deed 
by  which  the  Prioress  and  Nuns  surrendered  the  Nunnery  and 
its  possessions  to  the  Crown,  nor  has  he  found  the  report  of  the 
King's  Commissioners  who  were  sent  to  enquire  into  the  state 
of  the  Monasteries  prior  to  their  dissolution.  It  is  possible 
however  that  a  careful  search  among  the  Harleian  MSS.  in 
the  British  Museum,  the  Dodsworth  MSS.  in  the  Bodleian 
Library  at  Oxford,  and  other  collections,  would  bring  to  light 
other  information  relating  to  Kirklees.  The  Nunnery  was 
however  of  such  little  note,  and  had  such  comparatively  small 
possessions,  that  probably  not  much  care  was  taken  of  the 
reports  concerning  it.  The  writer  however  has  recently  been 
fortunate  enough  to  obtain  a  copy  of  the  survey  of  the  buildings 
of  the  Priory  taken  by  the  King's  Commissioners,  and  from  a 
note  on  this  survey  it  would  appear  that  at  the  time  of  the 
dissolution  there  were  a  Prioress  and  seven  Nuns  in  the  Con- 
vent, which  is  probably  not  more  than  half  the  usual  number. 
It  will  be  seen  by  the  survey  that  in  the  choir  of  the  church 
were  twenty-two  stalls  for  the  Nuns,  and  there  is  little  doubt 
but  that  there  was  a  falling  off  in  number  for  some  time  previous 
to  the  dissolution.  The  following  is  a  copy  of  the  survey : — 
Kirkleys,  Scitus  domorum. 

XX 

The  churohe  conteynyth  in  length  iiij     ffoote  and  in  bredith 

xxj  foote,  wt.  a  high  roofe  coueryd  wt.  slates,  hauynge 

glasse  wyndowes  conteynynge  L  ffoote  of  glasse,  wt.  the 
high  alter,  ij  alters  in  the  quere,  and  ij  benethe,  and  xxij 
stalles  in  the  quere  for  the  nones. 
Item  the  cloyster  at  the  souths  parte  of  the  churche  conteynyth 
in  length  xl  ffoote  square  and  in  bredith  vij  foote,  and  iij 
partes  coueryd  wt.  slates,  and  chambres  over  th.  other  one 
parte,  wtoute  any  glasse. 
Item  the  chapiter  house  at  th'este  parte  of  the  cloyster,  xyj 
foote  square,  vndir  the  jdorter,  wt.  iij  litle  glasse  wyn- 
dowes conteynynge  yj  foote  of  glasse. 
Item  the  dorter  over  the  chapiter  house,  xl  foote  longe  and 

xviij  foote  brode,  coueryd  wt.  slates. 
Item  a  parler  vndir  the  dorter  xviij  foote  square  wt.  a  ohym- 
ney,  ij  baye  wyndowes  glasid  conteynynge  xxx  foote  of 
glasse. 


2 

! 


°  In  the  original  purchase  deed  Mr.  Armitage  is  described  as  of  Farnley 
Tyas,  Yeoman,  and  his  name  is  spelt  with  an  "i"  in  place  of  a  "y."  This 
in  some  degree  confirms  the  claim  of  the  Armitages  of  Hnddersneld  and  the 
neighbourhood  to  he  descended  from  the  same  stock. 

f  Dormitory. 


102  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

Item  the  *gyle  house  at  the  southe  parte  of  the  cloyster,  xx 

foote  square,  vndir  the  fraytour. 
Item  a  larder  house  vndir  the  fraytour,  xviij  foote  longe  and 

xiiij  foote  brode. 
Item  the  tfraytour,  xxxiiij  foote  longe  and  xviij  foote  brode, 

•  stone  walles,  vnglasid,  coueryd  wt.  slates. 
Item  a  litle  house  at  the  west  parte  to  lay  brede  yn,  xvj 

foote  longe  and  x  foote  brode. 
Item  a  J  bultynge  house  at  the  weste  parte  of  the  cloyster, 

xvj  foote  square. 
Item  v  litle  ehambres  over  the  same  at  the  said  west  parte 
for  the  ladies  and  others  to  work  yn,  coueryd  wt.  slates. 
Item  the  halle  at  the  west  ende  of  the  ehurehe,  xxx  foote  longe 

and  xxj  foote  brode,  wt.oute  glasse  coueryd  wt.  slates. 
Item  a  parler  or  chamber  at  th'  upper  ende  of  the  halle  xxiiij 
foote  longe  and  xvi  foote  brode,  coueryd  wt.  slates,  no 
glasse. 
Item  a  litle  chamber  by  the  same,  x  foote  square  coueryd  wt. 

slates,  tymber  walles. 
Item  the  buttrye  at  the  vpper  ende  of  the  halle  vndir  the 

chamber,  xxj  foote  longe  and  x  foote  brode. 
Item  a  little  inner  buttrye  by  the  same. 

Item  the  new  chamber  at  the  northe  parte  of  the  inner 
g  oourte,   xvj   foote  square  wt.   a   chymney    and 

J  j§»  ooureyd  wt.  slates,  tymbre  walles. 

~  Item  ane  other  chamber  by  the  same,  xvj  foote  longe 
and  xij  foote  brode,  tymber  walles  coueryd  wt. 
slates. 
Item  ane  other  chamber  by  the  same  of  lyke  bignesse. 
Item  ane  chambre  therby  of  like  bignesse. 
Item  such  ane  other  olde  chamber  coueryd  wt.  slates. 
Item  a  low  house  or  old  parler  vndir  the  seid  ehambres,  xviij 
foote  square,  wt.  stone  walles  and  one  glasse  wyndow  con- 
teyning  x  foote  of  glasse. 
Item  the  Prioresse  chamber  at  the  northe  syde  of  the  nether 
ende  of  the  church,  xxiiij  foote  longe  and  xvj  foote  brode, 
tymbre  walles  coueryd  wt.  slates,  no  glasse. 
Item  j  litle  closett  and  a  litle  cole  house  therby. 
Item  a  low  chamber  called  the  §fermery  at  the  nether  end  of 
the  fraytour,  xviij  foote  square,  old  stone  walles,  a  chymney 
and  no  glasse. 
Item  the  kychyn,  xx  foote  longe  and  xviij  foote  brode,  no  chyxn- 
ny,  stone  walles  and  coueryd  wt.  slates. 

*  The  Gyle  house  was  the  wort  house  or  place  in  which  ale  was  worked. 
Sometimes  called  Gylyng  house,  and  sometimes  Gail  house.  See  HalHweU's 
Dictionary  of  Archaic  and  Obsolete  Words. 

t  The  refectory  or  dining  hall. 

I  For  boolting  or  Bifting  meal. 

f  Infirmary. 


i 


i 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  109 

Hem  the  brewhouse  and  bakehouse  at  the  southe  parte  of  the 

inner  conrte,  xxxyj  foote  longe  and  xx  fbote  brode,  stone 

walles  and  ooueryd  wt.  slates. 
Item  a  stable  and  ane  old  cole  house  at  the  southe  parte  of  the 

seid  oourte,  vndir  the  chambres. 
Md.  that  alle  the  seid  houses  are  abonte  the  cloyster  and  the 

inner  court. 
Item  ane  old  almes  house  whereyn  a  poore  man  dwellith  wt.oute 

the  gate. 
Item  ane  other  old  almes  house,  xl  foote  longe  and  ziiij  foote 

brode,  by  the  bek  syde. 
Item  a  cowhouse  xxxviij  foote  longe  and  xx  foote  brode,  brokyn 

walles,  coueryd  wt.  slates,  decayed. 
Item  ane  old  rounde  dove  cote  in  the  vtter  yarde,  of  stone 

walles  partely  brokyn,  decayed. 
Item  a  come  barne  of  ij  storyes,  whereof  th'one  lxxij  foote 

longe  and  xxx  foote  brode,  and  the  other  xl  foote  longe 

and  xxiiij  foote  brode,  stone  walles,  a  goode  stronge  roofe 

ooueryd  wt.  slates,  v  quarter  rye. 
Item  a  carte  house,  xxx  foote  longe  and  xyj  foote  brode,  no 

walles,  coueryd  wt  slates  welle. 
Item  the  oxehouse,  lx  foote  longe  and  xviij  foote  brode,  stone 

and  tymbre  walles,  coueryd  wt.  slates. 
Bern  the  kylne  house,  xlivij  foote  longe  and  xviij  foote  brode, 

whereof  th'  one  half  old  and  th'  other  halfe  late  burnyd 

and  new  bilded,  whereof  lakkith  xx  foote  to  oouer  and 

the  rest  coueryd  wt.  slates. 
Item  the  garner,  xx  foote  longe  and  xyj  foote  brode,  tymbre 

walles,  coueryd  wt.  slates. 
Item  ij  litle  houses  vndir  the  same  and  th'one  of  theym  for 

seruauntes  to  lye  yn. 
Item  a  swyne  cote,  xxiiij  foote  longe  and  xvi  foote  brode,  coueryd 

wt.  slates. 
Md.  that  the  inoste  parte  are  olde  houses. 
Item  ane  orchard  enclosed  wt.  ane  olde  stone  walle  wt.  few  fruit 

trees,  conteyneth  by  estymacon  iij  roodes  of  grounde. 
If  the  above  survey  is  cpmpared  with  an  article  an  the  Cister- 
cian plan  by  Mr.  J.  T.  Micklethwaite  in  vol.  VII  of  the  Yorkshire 
Archaeological  Journal,  a  very  good  idea  will  be  formed  of  the 
arrangement  of  Monasteries  of  the  Cistercian  Order.  We 
gather  from  the  survey  that  all  the  buildings  at  Sirklees  were 
small  and  poorly  built,  and  many  windows  were  unglazed,  even 
those  in  the  Infirmary  and  in  the  Prioress's  chamber.  There 
were  also  very  few  ohimnies,  even  the  kitchen  being  without 
one  and  probably  the  smoke  would  escape  through  the  door  and 
windows.  In  some  of  the  rooms  charcoal  fires  would  be  used 
in  braziers.  The  chaplain  appears  to  have  had  a  chimney  in 
his  room,  and  there  was  also  one  in  one  of  the  parlours  where 


104       YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

guests  were  received.  The  Prioress's  chamber  does  not  appear 
to  have  been  very  comfortable.  She  would  probably  take  her 
meals  in  the  refectory  and  sleep  in  the  dormitory  with  the  nuns 
as  it  was  not  usual  for  the  heads  of  Cistercian  Monasteries  to 
have  private  households.  This  rule  however  is  not  without 
exceptions,  as  at  Fountains  for  instance  the  Abbot's  house  must 
have  been  a  splendid  building.  At  Eirklees  the  nuns  do  not 
appear  to  have  had  luxurious  quarters,  and  it  is  to  be  hoped 
that  their  discomforts  arose  from  a  desire  to  strictly  follow 
the  example  of  the  founder  of  their  order. 

Very  few  of  the  buildings  mentioned  in  the  survey  can  now 
be  traced.    Dr.  Whitaker  says  "a  square  depression  in  the 
ground  distinctly  marks  the  cloister  court,  nearly  80  yards 
square,  north  of  this  was  the  body  of  the  church,  and  18  yards 
or  thereabouts  to  the  east  are  the  tombs  of  Elizabeth  de  Stayn- 
ton  and  another,  immediately  to  the  eastward  from  which  the 
choir  has  evidently  terminated.    The  nave,  transept,  and  choir 
must  have  been  at  least  150  ft.  long."    These  measurements  do 
not  agree  with  those  of  the  survey,  and  the  latter  document 
appears  to  dispose  of  tho  tradition  which  says  that  a  large  8 
storey  building  on  the  west  side  of  the  cloister  was  the  house  of 
the  Prioress.    The  chamber  of  the  Prioress  was  in  quite  a 
different  direction  at  the  north  side  of  the  "  nether  "  (which  I 
take  to  be  the  east  or  lower)  end  of  the  church.    It  is  possible 
that  the  building  in  question  may  have  been  the  hall,  parlour, 
Ac,  which  are  said  to  have  been  at  the  west  end  of  the  church. 
A  large  ♦gateway  with  corner  turrets  is  said  to  have  been 
standing  in  the  year  1670,  and  an  engraving  thereof  is  given  in 
Stukeley's  IUnerarium  Curioaum,  vol.  II.    A  small  copy  of  this 
engraving  is  to  be  seen  in  Outch's  Robin  Hood,  vol  I,  page  47, 
a  book  which  contains  a  good  account  of  that  famous  outlaw. 
The  most  perfect  relic  now  remaining  of  the  Priory  is  the  gate- 
house adjoining  the  stream,  which  has  very  thick  walls  and 
narrow  windows.    A  small  closet  in  this  building  is  said  to  be 
the  scene  of  Robin  Hood's  death  which  is  so  graphically  des- 
cribed in  the  fine  old  ballad  of  Robin  Hood's  Death  and  Burial 
which  we  would  fain  believe  to  be  .true.    Many  doubts  have 
been  thrown  on  the  existence  of  this  famous  outlaw  who  robbed 
the  rich  to  help  the  poor,t  and  it  is  impossible  to  condense  into 
a  few  words  all  that  has  been  written  about  him.    Those  who 
wish  for  further  information  should  refer  to  Qntch's  and  Ritson's 

•  I  think  the  bo  called  gateway  was  simply  a  farm  building  with  pigeon 
cotes  on  the  top.    From  its  situation  relatively  to  the  other  buSdingB  it  oouM 
not  be  a  gateway.    The  engraving  is  a  very  rode  one. 
t  Cryst  have  mercy  on  his  sonle, 
That  dyed  on  the  roode, 
For  he  was  a  good  ontlawe, 
And  4yd  pore  men  moeh  good, 

A  LyteU  Oeste,  Ac 


YO&KSHIBB    NOTES    AND    QUEBIE8.  106 

books  on  the  subject,  and  to  an  essay  by  the  Revd.  Josh. 
Hunter,  published  in  the  year  1852,  some  extracts  from  which 
are  given  in  Hobkirk's  History  of  Huddersfield,  pages  80-2. 
Mr.  Hunter  appears  to  be  of  opinion  that  Robin  Hood  did  not 
live  in  the  early  part  of  the  12th  century  as  one  would  conclude 
from  the  epitaph  said  to  have  been  inscribed  on  his  gravestone, 
but  in  the  first  part  of  the  14th  century,  in  the  reigns  of  Edward 
IE  and  Edward  III,  about  the  time  of  John  le  Fleming  who 

Suited  the  "native"  to  Kirklees.  The  supposed  grave  of 
bin  Hood  lies  on  rising  ground,  a  good  half  mile  from  the 
gate  house,  from  the  window  of  which  the  dying  outlaw  is  said 
to  have  shot  his  last  arrow.  There  is  only  a  small  fragment 
of  the  stone  now  to  be  seen  enclosed  in  an  iron  cage  to  prevent 
further  depredations.  The  navvies  who  made  the  neighbouring 
railway  are  said  to  have  reduced  the  stone  to  its  present  size. 
In  Gough's  Sepulchral  Monuments,  page  108,  is  the  supposed 
figure  of  the  stone  with  a  sort  of  cross  fleuree  thereon,  but  it  is 
thought  that  this  is  really  a  copy  of  Elizabeth  de  Staynton's 
tombstone.  It  is  said  that  Sir  Samuel  Armytage  an  ancestor 
of  the  present  owner  of  Kirklees,  caused  the  ground  under  the 
supposed  tombstone  to  be  dug  a  yard  deep  and  found  it  had 
never  been  disturbed.  We  will  however  take  leave  to  disbelieve 
this  story,  and  to  hope  that  Robin  Hood  still  lies  undisturbed 
in  his  last  resting  place  in  the  pleasant  park  of  Kirklees. 

Lay  me  a  green  sod  under  my  head, 

And  another  at  my  feet ; 
And  lay  my  bent  bow  by  my  side, 

Which  was  my  music  sweet : 
And  make  my  grave  of  gravel  and  green, 

Which  is  most  right  and  meet. 

Let  me  have  length  and  breadth  enough, 
With  a  green  sod  under  my  head ; 

That  they  may  say  when  I  am  dead, 
Here  lies  bold  Robin  Hood. 

All  this  they  readily  promised  him, 

Which  did  bold  Robin  please : 
And  there  they  buried  bold  Robin  Hood, 

Near  to  the  fair  Kirkleys. 


The  Sou>izb8'  Tbbnch  at  Shipley  Glen. — The  following 
letter,  calling  attention  to  a  case  of  vandalism  in  Shipley  Glen, 
appeared  recently  in  the  Bradford  Observer: — 

8ir, — I  have  just  been  informed  by  a  brother  antiquary  of  the 
wilful  demolition  of  the  ancient  stone  circle,  or  soldiers'  trench, 
at  Shipley  Glen,  described  in  Horsfall  Turner's  "Hkley." 
8ome  iconoclast,  or  iconoclasts,  for  there  must  have  been 


106        YORK8HIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

several,  have  accomplished  the  work,  which  I  am  told  they  have 
to  such  purpose  that  the  circle,  which  was  one  of  the  most 

Serfect  of  its  kind  in  this  part  of  the  oountry,  is  completely 
estroyed,  and  some  of  the  large  stones  removed  to  a  distance. 
All  this  has  been  done  for  no  earthly  purpose,  unless  it  was 
with  the  hope  of  finding  some  treasure-trove  beneath  the  surface. 
This  is  a  most  unpardonable  piece  of  folly,  evidently  done  by 
unskilful  hands.  The  least  they  could  have  done  would  have 
been  to  leave  the  erections  as  they  found  them.  Thus  a  work 
which  has  stood  in  all  probability  for  a  couple  of  thousand  of 
years,  and  was  visited  annually  by  people  from  all  parts  of 
England  and  America,  as  pointing  to  a  prehistoric  period,  is 
sacrificed  to  meet  the  cupidity  of  some  person  or  persons  whose 
names  should  be  handed  down  to  posterity  along  with  those  of 
Jonathan  Martin  and  others  of  that  ilk.  Surely  some  one  bears 
the  responsibility  of  protecting  these  national  monuments,  and 
it  is  for  this  purpose  I  beg  to  call  the  attention  of  the  Lord  of 
the  Manor,  or  other  persons  interested,  otherwise  the  few  me- 
morials of  a  similar  character  which  remain  to  us  will  soon 
disappear. — I  am,  Ac,  W.  T. 

December  26th,  1885. 

The  matter  was  at  once  brought  under  the  notice  of  Captain 
Maude,  lord  of  the  manor,  and  it  is  hoped  that  effective  steps 
will  be  taken  to  repair  the  wanton  damage  done  to  one  of  the 
most  interesting  local  "  British  circles."  The  Bradford  Histori- 
cal and  Antiquarian  Society,  at  a  council  meeting  a  few  days 
ago,  unanimously  passed  a  resolution  deploring  the  wilful 
destruction  of  this  memorial  of  the  past,  and  hoping  that  the 
lord  of  the  manor  of  Bracken  Hall  Glen — more  commonly 
known  as  Shipley  Glen,  will  endeavour  to  secure  such  restora- 
tion as  possible,  so  as  to  maintain  in  its  primitive  condition 
one  of  the  largest  and  most  perfect  "  circles  "  of  its  kind  in  this 
part  of  the  country.  Those  who  are  acquainted  with  the  glen 
will  remember  the  large  segment  of  an  ancient  intrenchment 
locally  known  as  "The  Soldiers'  Trench."  It  consists  of  a 
double  row  of  upright  stones  arranged  in  a  circular  form,  and 
filled  in  with  rubble  between  the  two  rows,  so  as  to  form  a 
raised  mound  or  wall  backed  by  the  upright  stones  on  both 
sides.  The  vandal  of  the  glen  has  simply  carted  away  a  large 
proportion  of  the  rubble  between  the  two  rows,  and  has  practi- 
cally destroyed  the  mound  for  a  considerable  distance. — Leed$ 
Mercury. 

rhe  diggings  more  fully  reveal  the  remains  of  intense  fires, 
confirm  the  theory  of  those  who  regard  this  particular 
circle  as  a  relic  of  fire-worship.  It  is  desirable  that  a  list  of 
circles,  sculptured  rocks,  pits,  mounds  and  other  earthworks  of 
ancient  date  throughout  Yorkshire,  should  be  compiled,  and 
systematically  studied.  Our  wide  moors  and  extensive  wood* 
are  comparatively  unexplored.] 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  107 

Uorksfjxr*  |}aris!j  fUjjisfers, 

By  the  Bkv.  J.  L.  Satwkll,  F.B.H.S. 
The  Parish  Registers  of  the  Established  Church  form  at  once 
an  authentic  library  of  parochial  history,  and  a  mine  of  anti- 
quarian wealth,  which  every  beneficed  Clergyman  ought  to 
carefully  conserve  and  protect  for  the  benefit  of  the  nation. 
The  Incumbent  of  a  parish  for  the  time  being  is  the  responsible 
guardian  of  parish  records,  although  according  to  law,  the 
Churchwardens  have  the  custody  of  the  Church  property  be* 
longing  to  each  parish,  but  such  custody  is  subordinate  to  the 
custody  of  the  Incumbent.  Too  often  the  contents  of  the 
parish  chest  are  allowed  to  moulder  away,  grimly  guarded  from 
intruders  by  the  three  large  padlocks  ordered  by  the  70th 
Canon  of  1608,  the  writing  becomes  unintelligible,  the  sub- 
stance upon  which  the  entries  are  made  worm-eaten  and  dis- 
coloured, and  the  work  of  deciphering  the  characters  a  real 
difficulty,  even  by  experts,  without  the  questionable  aid  of 
reviving  liquids.  It  is  not  to  be  supposed  that  every  Clergy- 
man takes  a  delight  in  sniffing  the  odour  of  musty  parchments, 
but  he  would  be  doing  an  undoubted  service  in  making  the 
parish  chest  easy  of  access  to  those  who  take  an  interest  in 
Historical  and  antiquarian  research;  in  preserving  valuable 
records  from  the  ravaging  tooth  of  time,  by  occasionally  expos- 
ing them  to  a  dry  atmosphere ;  and  in  protecting  the  venerable 
parish  coffer  and  its  contents  from  the  ruthless  and  oftentimes 
sacrilegious  hands  of  thieves  and  pedigree  hunters.*  Very 
recently,  the  village  church  of  Hampton,  near  Evesham,  was 
broken  into  by  thieves,  the  tin  box  which  contained  the  parish 
registers,  secured  only  by  a  small  brass  padlock  (1)  forced 
open,  and  the  contents  of  the  box  carried  away  wholesale. 
Fortunately  the  Vicar  had  made  copies  of  the  ancient  registers, 
and  for  this  he  is  to  be  commended,  but  for  the  lamentable 
Joss  of  the  originals,  which  the  thieves  would  most  probably 
burn  he  is  culpable.  A  tin  box  with  a  small  brass  padlock 
was  quite  inadequate  for  its  purpose,  and  if  the  old  parish 
chest  was  dilapidated,  one  of  Milner's  fire  proof  iron  safes 
ought  to  have  been  provided  by  the  parish  and  set  up  in 
the  parsonage.  Unless  great  care  is  taken  to  keep  out  the 
damp,  the  relentless  grip  of  decay  fastens  upon  the  leaves,  as 
«t  NoBTHAiiLBBTON,  where  the  pages  of  some  very  early  docu- 
ments are  nothing  more  than  a  parcel  of  fragments.  When 
this  is  the  case  the  pieces  ought  to  be  carefully  pasted  between 

*  There  aire  persona  who  make  a  practice  of  searching  registers  for  births, 
marriages,  and  deaths,  rewards  for  which  have  been  offered  by  advertisement, 
and  who  take  the  advantage  of  making  copious  extracts,  under  the  pretence 
of  tracing  pedigrees.  This  i$  a  refined  species  of  thievish  trickery,  against 
which  every  incumbent  ought  to  be  on  his  guard.— -J.L.8. 


106       YORKSHIBE  NOTES  AND  QUEBIB8. 

two  sheets  of  tracing  paper,  so  that  both  sides  can  be  seen. 
The  registers  at  Ackwobth  date  from  1568,  and  are  in  good 
preservation.  The  first  Registration  Act  was  passed  in  the 
thirtieth  year  of  Henry  VIII.  (1589),  so  that  it  was  not  until 
-the  eleventh  year  of  Edward  VI.  that  a  registration  book  began 
to  be  kept  at  Ackworth,  a  somewhat  tardy  compliance  with  the 
Act  which  cannot  be  accounted  for.  Of  course  an  earlier  book 
may  have  been  kept,  but  if  so  it  has  been  lost.  The  Ackworth 
registers  and  other  parochial  documents  are  carefully  preserved 
in  a  small  iron  safe*  at  the  Rectory,  accessible  to  all  bona 
fide  enquirers.  The  registers  themselves  are  numbered  con- 
secutively. Vol.  I.  is  a  quarto,  bound  in  leather,  with  brass 
clasps,  evidently  not  the  original  binding.  The  parchment 
leaves  are  much  discoloured,  but  a  careful  Reotorf  has  made  a 
partial  transcript  of  the  entries,  and  had  it  interleaved.  The 
transcript  in  some  places  is  not  correct,  but  it  is  nevertheless  a 
valuable  aid  in  deciphering  the  peculiarly  engrossed  characters, 
which  in  some  places  are  quite  faded.  The  records  in  Vol.  I. 
cover  a  period  of  ninety  years  (1558-1648). 

Ackworth— Vol.  I.,  Part  I.,  1558-71. 
The  first  parchment  leaf  has  been  torn  out,  probably  by  some 
one  wishing  to  possess  a  relic  of  ancient  times,  but  such  van- 
dalism is  shocking.    On  the  top  of  the  right  hand  corner  of  the 
second  leaf,  is  the  following  entry — 

Thomas  Hartyndon,  Rector, 
Presented  to  this  Living  by 
Queen  Mary,  Apr.  1554. 
Then  follow  entries  of  eight  baptisms,  and  one  marriage  in 
1558.    No  burials  are  recorded  until  1561. 

Baptisms,  1558. 
John  Ranolde,  baptysed  the  10 

of  Februarie. 
John  Hall,  4  of  March. 
George  Wilcocke,  ye  18  of 

Februarie. 


Agnes  Pearson,  20  September. 
Margret  Davidson,  18  August. 
John  Austwicke,  12  September. 
Agnes  Rodwell,  8  October. 
Isabell  Hopkinson,  — J  October. 


Mabrxagbs. 
Willm  Bigleskirke  and  Elizabethe October  — • 

Baptisms,  1559. 


Jane  Rawson,  March  22. 

John  Fricklaye,  — 

Thomas  Oorbrige,  Februarie  — 


John  Brownbrigge,  Februarie  25 

Margret  Heptinstall, 

Willm  Foolde, 


•  The  old  perish  chert  been  no  date,  is  not  carved,  and  only  bean  one 
padlookt 
t  Dr.  Timothy  Lee. 

t  Where  the  writing  is  OTintelHgSMe,  it  is  left  blank. 
f  The  entries  for  1559  and  1560  an  very  indistinct. 


\ 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  100 

Mabbiagbs. 

Francis  Makin  and May  (?). 

John and  Dorothye 

Baptisms,  1560. 

Margret  Chatburne, |  Willm  Simson,  Januarie  6  (?). 

Edwd.  Stillinge,  Januarie  — 
Mabbiagbs. 

John  Soger  and  Elizabethe 

John  Howet  and  Ja 

Willm and  Elizabeth 

and 

Baptisms,  1661. 


Robert  Becket,  Februarie  11. 

Thomas  Horner, 26. 

Doritie  Hopkinson,  Maye  10. 

Thomas  Corbrigge, 18. 

Willm  Adam,  Julie  27. 


Margret   Hinohliffe,    baptysed 

Januarie  17. 
John  Howet,  March  6. 
Lionell  Wormall,  March  16. 
Ric.  Clyffe,  March  27. 

Mabbiagbs. 
Edwarde  Rustbie  and  Grace  AUine,  (?)  Julie  5. 
Willm  Austwicke  and  Jane  Simson,  November  7. 
Thomas  Brownebrige  and  Alice  Ghauntrye,  November  17* 
Bubials. 
Nicholas  Archer,  buryed  Januarie  8. 
Baptisms,  1662. 
Edward  Margison,  baptysed  Aprill  6. 
Agnes  Roberts,  Maye  8. 
Mabbiages. 
Barnarde  Brigge  &  Margret  Scholaye,  maryed  October  5. 
Robert  Walker  &  Margret  Clyffe,  October  12. 
John  Walker  &  Elizabethe  Margeson,  October  28. 
James  Norton  &  Jennet  Redman,  November  26  (?). 
Bieharde  Tiplinge  &  Alice  Medope,  November  28. 
Willm  Hutchinson  &  Isabell  Wilkinson,  December  22  (?)• 
Baptisms,  (no  date.)  * 


Bieharde  Arundell,  June  10. 
John  Norton,  June  2 — 
Willm  Hynchcliffe,  June  11. 
John  Mawson,  October  14. 
John  Norton,  November  8. 
Jennit  Chatburne,  November  25 


Bieharde  Stillinge,  Februarie  8. 

Kaiheryne  Pickeringe,  Marche 
28. 

John  Wormall,  March  27. 

Willm  Beverlaye,  March  28. 

Edwarde  Austwicke,  Maye  28. 

Jennet  Horner,  June  8. 

Bubials. 
Elizabethe  Stillinge,  buryed  Aprill  2. 
Jane  Pickeringe,  buried  November  29 
Ellis  Chatburne,  November  26. 

•  Probably  1563. 


11G 


YORKSHIRE.   NOTES    AMD    QUERIES. 


Ann  Becket,  Januarie  8, 
M'gret  Wetherhead,  Januarie  20 
Henrye  Wormall,  Januarie  28 
Edmund  Grenewood,  March  26 
Agnes  Walker,  Aprill  1. 
Isabell  Simson,  Aprill  2. 


Baptisms,  1564. 


Elizabeth  Newall,  Aprill  13. 
James  Brathwayte,  Aprill  28. 
George  Troos,  Julie  15. 
George  Howet,  August  20. 
Agnes  Dodgson,  December  15. 
Thomas  Padget,  December  28. 


[No  marriages  or  burials  recorded  this  year.] 
Baptisms,  1565. 


Francis  Jackson,  Aprill  20. 

Robert  Davison,  June  10. 

Willm  Hall,  Julie  80. 

Elizabethe  Stillinge,  August  19 

Margret  Barker,  August  20. 

Elizabethe  Hopkinson,  Septem- 
ber 22. 

Thomas  Broadlaye,  September 
26. 


Thomas  Roger,  September  80. 
Margret  Cloughe,  October  14. 
Rich.    Simson    and    Beteris 

Howet,  October  15. 
John  Fricklaye  and  Paul  Bew- 

lay,  Januarie  27. 
Thomas  Wright,  Januarie  27. 
Anne  Clapham,  Februarie  10. 


[No  marriages  or  burials  recorded.] 
Burials,  1566. 


James  Huntingdon,  June  25. 
Agnes  Hall,  August  10, 
Elizabethe  Barker,  September 
80. 


John  Wormall,  November  19. 
Richard  Smithe,  December  22. 
Elizabethe  Hopkinson,  Decem- 
ber 20. 


[No  baptisms  or  marriages  recorded.] 
Baptisms,  1567. 


Elizabethe  Gee,(?)  Februarie  17 
Richard  Foul d 8,  Aprill  16. 
Anthonye  Rodwell,  Maye  22, 
Alise.  Brigffes,  Maye  19. 
Henrye  Roberts,  Julie  10. 
Roger  Pickeringe,  Julie  12. 
Margret  Norton,  Julie  25. 

Burials. 


George  Twedall,  Septr.  15. 
John  Wetherhead,  November  28. 
Emmot  Simson,  November  24. 
Willm.  Norton,  November  80. 
John  Scholaye,  December  15. 
Elizabeth  Gee,  (?)  December  21. 


Elizabethe  Hopkinson,  Decem- 
ber 28. 


Richard  Whyte,  baptysed  Jan- 
uarie 28. 
EstherChatburne,Februarie  15 

James  Cloughe, 18. 

Robert  Walker,  April  80. 
Elizabethe  Stillinge,  June  10. 
Jane  Glapam,  June  80. 


[No  Marriages  recorded.] 
Baptisms,  1568. 


John  Wormall,  December  18. 
Robert  Wormall,  December  20. 


Richarde  Twedall,  Julie  5. 
James  Grenewoode,  Julie  20. 
James  Howet,  Julie  80. 
Charles  Jackson,  October  10. 
Margret  Howet,  October  15. 
Margaret*  Fricklaye,October20. 
John  Scholaye,  October  28. 


*  Margaret,  is  thus  spelt  for  the  first  time,  and  afterwards  both  ways. 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


lit 


Baptisms,  1568. 


Marye  Wormall,  November  20. 

John  Letter  on,  November  28. 

Elizabethe  Pkkeringe,  Novem- 
ber 15. 

Rosamunde  Dodgson,  December 
20. 

Thomas  Briggs,  December  25. 

Anne  Simson,  December  80. 


Isabell  Fawconer,  November  5. 
Agnes  Padget,  November  20. 
James  Scholaye,  November  26. 
Willm.  Reame,  November  80. 
Edwarde  Becket,  Deoember  20. 
Bryan  Beverlaye,  December  20. 
EdwardeHopkinson,October  80. 
John  Chatburne,  November  10. 

BUBIALS. 

Lionel  Howet,  Jannarie  20.      I  John  Hopkinson,  Julie  15. 
Margaret  Austwick,  Januarie  20  Eatheryne  Leteron,  Julie  20. 
Robert  Bell,  Marche  28.  James  Grenewood,  October  25. 

Willm  Adam,  Marche  25.  Betterifi  Howet,  October  20. 

Margret  Chatburne,  Aprill  25.  I  George  Hall,  October  28. 
Briget  Costable,  Julie  80.  I 

[No  Marriages  recorded.] 
Baptisms,  1569. 


Jane  Wetherheade,  Jannarie  20 
Emot  8hillito,  Januarie  15. 
Bichard  Simson,  Januarie  80, 
Elisabeth  Hall,  Februarie  15. 
Margret  Broadlaye,Februarie  24 
James  Rodwell,  Februarie  25 
Dorithie  Grenewoode,  Februarie 

27. 
Elizabeth  Clapham,  Februarie 

28. 
John  Roger,  Marche  5. 
Bichard  Shillito,  Marche  15. 
Beteris  Roger,  June  20. 
Leonardo  Stillinge,  June  25 


Margret  Scholaye,  Julie  24. 
Dorithie  Horner,  Julie  24. 
Jane  Pearson,  Februarie  20. 
Anne  Gorbrigge,  Marche  25. 
Sicylye  Broadaye,  Marche  28. 
John  Redman,  April  28. 
Willm  Wormall,  June  20. 
Francis  Dodgson,  June  28. 
Thomas  Wetherhead,  June  80. 
Willm  Wright,  Julie  20. 
Margret  Greene,  Julie  25. 
Jane  Hollinworthe,  Julie  25. 
Annis  Nelson,  September  80. 
Marye  Brigs,  October  20. 


Elizabeth  Everinghame,  Aprill 

12. 
Willm  Norton,  April  25. 
Agnes  Scholaye,  June  80. 
Margret  Broadlaye,  June  15 
John  Ro(d)ger,  Aprill  80. 
Robert  Jackson,  Julie  28. 
John  Scholaye,  August  26. 
Jennet  Bell,  August 


BlJBIALS. 


Willm  Horner,  August  22. 
Agnes  Broadlave,  August  80. 
Jennet  Linfield,  October  29. 
Jennet  Grene,  Januarie  28. 
Elizabeth  Hutchinson,  Febru- 
arie 7. 
Elizabeth  Watkin,  Februarie  12. 
James  Wetherhead,  March  18. 
John  Bell,  March  20. 


[No  Marriages  recorded.] 
Baptisms,  1570. 
John  Milnerson,  Aprill  29.        '  Willm  Wormall,  June  28. 
Elizabethe  Norton,  Maye  8.        [Christian  name  not  inserted] 
Willm  Becket,  June  4.  "  Norton,  August  20. 


112 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


Baptisms. 


Katheryne  Stillinge,  August  28 
Margret  Howet,  Januarie  14. 
Grace  Jackson,  Januarie  21. 
Robert  Padget,  Januarie  22. 
Agnes  Bobinson,  Januarie  28. 
Elizabeth  Letteron,  Februarie 

12. 
John  Peele,  March  28. 
Mathewe  Wilbye,  Aprill  8. 
Thomas  Heptinstall,  August  26. 


Anthonye  Royes,  August  8. 
John  Greene,  September  10. 
Willm  Steade,  October  6. 
Grace  Jackson,  Februarie  28* 
John  Bell,  March  20. 
Esabell  Fawconer,  March  28. 
Bryan  Beverlaye,  Aprill  17. 
John  Huntingdon,  Aprill  28. 
Agnes  Esh,  Maye  4. 
Thomas  Geffrason,  June  8. 


[No  Marriages  recorded.] 
Baptisms,  1671. 


Jane  Norton,  Februarie  10. 
Edwarde  Greene,  Februarie  11. 
Thomas  Peele,  March  22. 
Henrie  Huntingdon,  March  4. 
Betteris  Letteron,  March  19. 
Emmat  Ghatburne,  March  14. 


Matthewe  Milner,  June  80. 
Agnes  Pearson,  Julie  24. 
Betteris  Bobinson,  August  9. 
Isabell  Simeon,  October  6. 
Anne  Hall,  October  6. 
Thomas  Piokeringe,  October  24. 
Jennet  Howet,  October  80. 

Marriages. 

Lionell  Wormald  and  Francis  Moidye,  (Morlye)  married  Julie  1» 
Willm  Jackson  and  Jane  Wilson,  November  4. 
George  Abbott  and  Isabell  Pickeringe,  December  1. 
Robert  Jackson,  and  Jane  Wormall,  Januarie  81. 

Bubiall8. — Jenet  Austwicke,  Marche  80. 

Willm  Lambs,  Rector,  A.M. 

Richarde  Churchwarden. 

The  nomenclature  of  the  foregoing  entries  is  interesting. 
During  a  period  of  nine  years,  only  forty  Christian  names  occur, 
five  of  which  viz :  Doritie,  Jennet,  Emot,  Betteris,  and  Annis, 
are  now  rarely  met  with.  "  Sicylye"  survives  as  Cicely,  and 
" Doritie"  as  Dorothy.  Bryan  and  Ellis  are  in  reality  sur- 
names, and  are  now  seldom  used  as  Christian  names.  John  of 
course  is  found  most  frequently,  together  with  his  "marrow" — 
Jane.  Lionel  occurs  frequently,  as  also  Katherine  and  Agnes, 
but  Anthony,  Nicholas,  Rosamund,  and  Barnard  only  once.  Of 
the  surnames,  Austwicke,  Fricklaye,  Chatburne,  and  Wormald, 
are  the  most  numerous,  closely  followed  by  Scholaye,  Corbrigge, 
Howet,  Stillinge,  Broadlaye,  Norton,  Simson,  and  Fawconer. 
But  Geffrason  (Jefferson),  Letteron,  Everingham,  Costable, 
Shillito,  and  Arundell  are  scarce.  The  name  Roger  occurs  both 
as  a  Christian  and  a  Surname.  Chauntrye,  Ranolde,  Bigles- 
kirke,  Clyffe,  Troos,  Foulds,  and  Esh  are  only  found  once. 
The  surnames  Scholey,  Wormald,  Howit,  and  Norton  still 
Burvive  at  Ackworth,  whilst  a  descendant  of  the  Austwick 
family,  was  a  person  of  property  and  importance  in  the  last 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


113 


century,  and  gave  a  piece  of  ground  to  the  Society  of  Friends 
wherein  to  inter  their  dead.  No  light  is  thrown  upon  the 
manners  and  customs  of  the  time,  but  the  entries  become  more 
interesting  further  on. 

Baptisms,  1572. 


Jennet  Dodson,  October  24. 
Elizabeth  Wormall,  Decemb.  14 
Alis  Nelson,  Januarie  5. 
John  Pearson,  Februarie  22. 


Margaret  Roades,  Aprill  27. 
John  Wormall,  Aprill  29. 
Henrie  Redman,  Maye  7. 
Richarde  Jackson,  June  29. 
John  Wormall,  filius  WiU'm, 
August  28. 

Mabriages. 
James  Norton  and  Katerine  (Tapton),  Januarie  26. 
Richarde  Fricklaye  and  Isabell  Coyts  (Coates),  Maie  7. 

BUBIAI*L8. 


Agnes  Walker,  Aprill  9. 
Thomas  Peele,  Aprill  80. 
Margret  Royds,  Maie  1. 
Jennet  Norton,  Maie  26. 
George  Briggs,  June  5. 
John  Hepworth,  June  20. 
John  Westbie,  June  29. 

Baptismes, 
Richard  Letteron,  Aprill  10. 
Jane  Horner,  Aprill  17. 
Nicholas  Norton,  Aprill  26. 
Ann  (?)  Wetherhead,  Maie  10. 

Milnerson,  Maie  80. 

Lionell  Clapam,  Maie  24. 
Margret  Jackson,  Julie  10. 
John  Robinson,  August  2. 
Anne  Hirst,  September  6. 
Leonard  Padget,  September  12. 


Jane  Hawet,  July  25. 
Richard  Jackson,  August  6. 
Robert  Pickeringe,  October  28. 
John  Becket,  December  4. 
Agnes  Wormall,  Februarie  15. 
Jane  Ghatburne,  Marche  20. 

1578. 

Margerye  Huntingdon,  Septem- 
ber 12. 

Jane  Gr  en  field,  September  26. 

Thomas. Roberts,  October  12. 

Thomas  Briggs,  November  80. 

Thomas  Wright,  Decemb  20. 

Anne  Westabye,  December  27. 

Tho.  Hall  &Ric. 'Ball,  Janua- 
rie 10. 

Thomas  Austwicke,Februarie  28 


Mabriages. 
Robert  Barghe  and  Jennet  Simson,  October  28. 
Henrie  Horncastle  and  Margret  Brooke,  November  15. 

Bubialls. 


Willm  Wormall,  Marche  25. 
James  Norton,  Aprill  11. 
John  Robinson,  August  6. 
Betteris  Letteron,  December  18 


John  Wright,  Januarie  5. 
Agar  (?)  White,  Januarie  6. 
Richarde  Hall,  Februarie  10. 
Thomas  Hall,  Februarie  15. 


Edmond  Dorker,  the  Sixth  (?) 

of  November. 
Will'm  Walker,  Aprill  20. 

Y.H.Q. 


Baptisms,  1574. 


Will'm  Stillinge,  and 
Wormall,  August  18. 
James  Corker,  June  20. 
John  Simson,  August  7 


Agnes 


114 


YORKSHIRE    NOTE8    AND    QUERIES. 


Jane  Hawet,  September  19. 
Thomas  Corker,  October  2. 
John  Letteron,  October  BO. 


Edithe  (?)  Milnerson,  Februa- 

rie  8. 
Agnes  Dodson,  Februarie  24. 


Mabbiaobs. 

John  Alderslaye  and  Ellin  Fyshe,  October  81. 

[No  Burials  recorded  in  1574.] 

Baptisms,  1575. 


Jane  Jackson,  Aprill  10, 
John  Hodgson,  Aprill  16. 
John  Becket,    [and  buried], 

Aprill  24. 
Richard  Chatburne  and  Jennet 

Tomson,  Maie  21. 
Thomas  Horncastle,  June  20 

Mabbiaobs. 
Peter  (?)  Heaton  and  Isabell  Wormall,  Januarie  16. 

Burials. 


Margret  Wormall,  June  22. 
Tho.  Greene  and  Robert  Bell, 

August  21. 
Alice  Robert(s),  Februarie  24. 
Dorithyie  Corker,  Marche  22. 
Emmat  Huntingdon,  Marche  22 


Margret  Ramsden,  April  24 
Marie  HinchclifFe,  Maie  27. 
W —  Woode,  Januarie  20. 

Baptisms, 
Margret  Padget,  Aprill  6. 
Edwarde  Wright,  Aprill  8. 
Elizabeth  Wormall,  June  16, 
Lionell  Walker,  Julie  18. 
Thomas  Wormall,  Julie  25. 

Mabbiaobs. 

Will'm  Jackson  and  Rosamond  Stillinge,  Maie  20, 

[No  Burials  recorded  this  year.] 

Baptisms,  1577. 


Jennet  Pyman,  Februarie  8. 
John  Robert(s),  Februarie  4. 

1576. 
Wilfryde  Hawet,  March  6. 
Eatheryne  Pickeringe,  March  6 
Anthonye  Redman,  March  12. 
Leonard  Walker,  March  24. 


John  Horncastle,  Maye  14 
Lionell  Redman,  Maye  26. 
John  Walker,  Maye  28. 
Will'm  Norton,  June  4. 
Anne  Shillito,  December  12. 
Katheryne  Norton,  Januarie  8, 
Henrie  Nelson,  Februarie  17. 

[No  Marriages  recorded.] 
Burials. 


John   Wormall,  [and  buried,] 
Feb.  17. 

—  Scholaye,  filia  Elizabeth, 
Februarie  26. 

—  Scholaye,  filia  Johannis, 
March  5. 


Elizabeth  Horncastle,  Julie  14. 
Jennet  Parke,  October  80. 
Jane  Heaton,  October  14. 
John  Becket,  Februarie  17. 
Thomas  Corker,  Marche  8. 


John  Proctor,  Marche  5. 
Elizabeth  Burnet,  Marche  21. 
Agnes  Horner,  before  the  date 
thereof,*  September  12. 


•  Born  prematurely,  and  dying  immediately ;  but  as  the  infant's  baptism  is 
not  recorded,  there  is  no  reason  why  its  burial  by  name  should  have  been 
entered. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


115 


Baptisms,  1578. 


Richarde  Pickeringe,  filius 

J —  minoris  «*  Septeb :  29 
Alice  Hall,  Aprill  11. 
Richarde  Roberts,  Aprill  80. 

Barnab  Shepheard,  Hector,  presented  to  this  Living  by  ABp 
York,  Jany.,  1578.+ 

BURIALLS. 


Isabell  Huntingden,  June  8. 
Jane  Izat,  June  80. 
John  Scholaye,  filius  Richardi, 
November  10. 


Henrye  Anstwicke,  Aprill  16. 
Richarde  Roberts,  Maye  12. 


Richarde  Ellis,  Maye  28. 
John  Wormall,  December  28. 


Mabriageb. 
Will'm  Corker  and  Katherine  Hodgson,  June  2. 
John  Anstwicke  and  Alice  Brouke,  June  15. 

Baptisms,  15784 


Jennet  Jackson,  Februarie  11. 
Robert  Norton,  Februarie  12. 
Leonard  Wetherhead,  Feb.  18. 


John  Hawet,  Februarie  24. 
John  Rawson,  Marche  24. 


Baptisms,  1579. 


Robert  Farrand,  Marche  26, 
Dorythye  Whiticars,  Aprill  4. 
Lionell  Roberts,  Aprill  5. 
Antonye  Milnerson,  Aprill  12 
Will'm  Grenfield,  Aprill  28. 
Agnes  Redman,  Aprill  25. 
John  Jenkinson,  als.  Greene, 

August  8. 
Jane  Heaton,  August  14. 

BuBLALIiS 


Jennet  Anstwicke,  August  14. 

James  Huntingden,  filius 

Januarie  29. 
Richarde  Horncastle,  Feb.  26. 
Margret  Shillito,  Februarie  29. 
Anne  Thacker,  Marche  1. 
John  Roberts,  Marche  4. 
Ellin  Anne§  Corker,  March  7. 


Leonarde  Burnet,  Aprill  25. 
Katheryne  Grenfield,  Maye  1. 
Agnes  Ashton,  June  29. 
Robert  Bell,  Julie  2. 
Marye  Robinson,  Julie  7. 
Margret  Jenkinson,  August  7. 
Jennet  Rawson,  Septeb.  4. 
Johana  Wormall,  October  20. 


Margret  Burnleye,  Deceb.  17. 
Thomas  Beet,  Februarie  14. 
John  Roger,  Februarie  21. 
Anne  Walker,  Marche  11. 
John  Hawet,  Marche  18. 
Jane  Heaton,  Marche  28. 

James  Huntingden,  filius 

Marche  24. 


[No  Marriages  in  1579.] 
Baptisms,  1580. 


John  Hodgson,  Marche  26. 
Emmat  Medoppe,  Marche  28. 
James  Whalleye,  Aprill  1. 
Richard  Bell,  Aprill  8. 


Thomas  Grenfeld,  Aprill  18. 
Elizabeth  Walker,  Aprill  21. 
Margret  Rawson,  Maye  22. 
Isabell  Dorker  [Donkin],  May  28 


•  The  Father  was  a  minor. 
f  Later  entry. 

♦  Not  recorded  in  their  proper  order. 
I  First  instance  of  a  double  name. 


116 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


Anne  Spencer,  June  1. 
Margeret  Hall,  June  20. 
Ursulaye  Corker,  August  19. 
Edward  Izat,  September  17. 
Elizabeth  Bigleskirke,  Sept.  24 
Jane  Pickeringe,  October  8. 
Francis  Bushell,  November  9. 
Andrewe  Shillito,  November  80 
Francis  Broadlaye,  December  5 


Ellin  Corker,  December  22. 
Thomas  Jenkinson,  Januarie  8. 
Thomas  Austwicke,  Januarie  12 
Emmet  Foulds,  Januarie  19. 
Jennet  H  un  tin  gden,  Januarie  26 
Jane  Soholayc,  Februarie  18. 
Alice  Wilson,  a  bastard,  Feb- 
ruarie 20. 
Thomas  Broadlaye,  Marche  4. 


Burialls. 


Margret  Medoppe,  Aprill  6. 
Elizabeth  Walker,  Maye  1. 
Margerye  Child,  Maye  18. 
Isabell  Don  kin,  Maye  80. 
Ellin  Corker,  June  8. 
Thomas  Beverlaye,  June  9. 
John  Hodgson,  June  24. 
Margret  Bawson,  Julie  81. 
Bobert  Norton,  August  5. 
Alis  Hodgson,  September  18. 
Thomas  Peele,  October  17. 


Alis  Bawson,  November 
Elizabeth  Howet,  December  2. 

[No  Marriages  recorded.] 

Baptisms,  1581. 


Anne  Thacker,  December  2. 
Dorothie  Stagge,  December  5. 
Marye  Thacker,  December  6. 
John  Pearson,  December  26. 
WilTm  Walker,  Januarie  1. 
Grace  Broadlaye,  Februarie  1. 
Lionell  Farrand,  Februarie  7. 
Willm  Hepworthe,  Februarie  18 
Cicelye  Hawksworthe,  Feb.  20. 
Alice  Chadwicke,  Marche  81. 
Maud  Marchland,  Maye  29.  • 
John  Bratwhayt,*  Julie  10. 


Leonard  Farrand,  Aprill  28. 
Thomas  Heaton,  Maye  29. 
Jane  Banold,  Julie  4. 
George  Whiticars,  August  6. 
Anne  Huntingden,  August  27. 
Isabell  Sugden,  Septemb.  6. 
Anne  Wormall,  September  8. 
Anne  Prince,  September  21. 
WilTm  Hodgson,  October  10. 


Anne  Eshe,  November  9. 
Anne  Aspiner,  December  29. 
Thomas  Hodgson,  December  80 
Edithe  Frances,  Januarie  10. 
WilTm  Bedman,  Marche  1. 
WilTm  Walker,  Marche  8. 
Anne  Jenkinson,  Marche  11. 
WilTm  and  John  Hinchcliffe, 
Aprill  24. 


BUBULS. 


Eatheryne  Brooke,  September  1 


Elizabethe  Sugden,  Septemb.  8  Margret  Ward,  Februarie  25 
WilTm  Hodgson,  October  20.      Edward  Izat,  Februarie 
Marye  Wetherhead,  Novemb.  15 

[No  Marriages  recorded.] 
Baptisms,  1582 


Isabell  Sugden,  December  81. 


Isabell  Boberts,  June  2. 
Thomas    Corker,    films 

June  2. 
Bichard  Bawson,  June  9. 


lion. 


Jane  Grenfeld,  October  20. 
Jane  Medope,  October  28. 
WilTm  Horncastle,  October  80. 
Lionell  Grene,  November  21. 


•  Now  4lBraitllwait., 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


117 


Emmat  Hawksworthe,  Dec.  10. 
Judith  Pickeringe,  December  24 
Marye  Izat,  Februarie  2. 

Bubialls, 
Agnes  Hinchclrffe,  Marche  25 
Will'm  Hinchcliffe,  Aprill  1. 
Will'm  Norton,  Maye  18. 
John  Hinchcliffe,  June  8. 
Edward  Fricklaye,  June  18. 
Thomas  Corker.  October  28. 


Marye  Bushel!,  Marche  5. 
Emmat  Willson,  Marche  9. 


12 


John  Howet,  Aprill  12. 
Cotton  Broadlaye,  Aprill  29. 
John  SchMaye,  Aprill  28. 
Robert  Broadlaye,  Maye  24. 
Stephen  Peele,  June  25. 
Joana  Norton,  Julie  7. 
Edythe  Corker,  August  14. 
John  Eshe,  Octob  16. 


[No  Marriages  recorded.] 
Baptisms,  1588. 


Jane  Medope,  Novemb.  4. 
Elizabethe  Wormall,  Noveb, 
Alice  Grene,  Deceb.  80. 
Will'm  Walker,  Februa  4. 
Jennet  Huntingden,  Februa  21 
Margret  Folds,  Februa  28. 


Elizabethe  Austwicke,  Oct.  27. 
Alice  Briggs,  November  29. 
Elizabeth  Thacker,  Noveb.  29. 
Edward  Jen  kin  son,  Jan.  22. 
Emmat  Huntingden,  Jan.  25. 
William  Medope,  Februarie  28. 
Robert  Jackson,  Februarie  25. 
John  Parke,  Februarie  25. 


Elizabethe  Farrand,  October  29,  Anne  Pearson,  Marche  11. 

Burials. 


Thomas  Corker,  Februarie  27. 
Lionell  Brooke,  Aprill  2. 
Lionell  Corker,  Aprill  7. 
Jennet  Austwicke,  Aprill  14. 
Betteris  Padget,  June  11. 
Robert  Padget,  June  14. 
WilTm  Wormall,  Julie  8. 
Alia  Trough  ton,  August  5. 
John  Foores  (?),  August  7. 


Richard  Rawson,  August  20. 
George  Austwicke,  Septeb.  12. 
Anne  Dobson,  Septemb.  18. 
Margret  Fricklaye,  Septeb.  18. 
Jennet  Norton,  Septeb.  14. 
Margret  Beverlaye,  Decemb.  16 
Jennet  Colbres,  February  1. 
Robert  Hinchcliffe,  February  28 
John  Mason,  Marche  25. 


John  Shillito,  Marche  28. 
Anne  Becket,  Marche  28. 
Jane  Wright,  Aprill  2. 
Thomas  Scholaye,  Aprill  5. 

Will'm  Hawksworthe, 

George  Wormall,  June  8. 
Betteris  Whiticars,  August  14 
Will'm  Jenkinson,  Septeb.  18. 


[No  Marriages  recorded.] 
Baptisms,  1584. 


Robert  Walker,  Aprill  2 
Jane  Wright,  Aprill  8. 
Nicholas  Chatburne,  Aprill  19 
John  Hall,  Maye  6. 
Bobert  Bushell,  Februa  22. 

[No  Marriages  recorded.] 


Elizabeth  Aspiner,  Septeb.  80. 
Will'm  Eshe,  November  2. 
Elizabethe  Windebanke,  Nov. 

27. 
Alice  Izat,  November  29. 
Henrie  Prince,  December  6. 
Robert  Roberts,  December  28. 
Margret  Clapam,  Februa  14. 
Bubialls. 

Anne  Dodgson,  Februa  28. 
Jane  Shawe,  Marche  8. 
Edward  Kaye,  Marche  21. 
Richard  Paalaye,  Marche  25. 


118  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

Baptisms,  1565. 
Simon  Back,  Hector.    ABp.  York,  Patron.    January,  1585. 
John  and  Elizabeth  Grenfeld,  Leonard  Thacker,  August  2. 

Aprill  8.  I  Grace  Walker,  August  6. 

Katheryne  Medope,  Aprill  18.  '  Allan  Corker,  August  18. 
Jennet  Horncastall,  Aprill  20.  '  Will'm  Smythe,  Septemb  8. 
Leonard  Spencer,  Maye  2.         j  Robert  Bell,  August  22. 
Jennet  Dobson,  Maye  7.  !  Alice  Hawet,  Novemb  28. 

Anne  Wilson,  Maye  9.  John  Austwicke,  Janua  22. 

Isabell  Wood,  June  28.  s  Isabell  Broadlaye,  Janua  81. 

Prudence  Halilaye,  Julie  8. 

Mabriaoes. 
Bobert  Bidgnall  and  Isabell  Heaton,  November  9. 
Will'm  Bawson  and  Isabell  Franke,  December  7. 
Will'm  Peter  and  Alice  Somerscales,  December  7. 
John  Bawling  and  Ursula  Wetherhead,  December  12. 
[No  Burials  recorded.] 

Baptisms,  1586. 


George  Grenfeld,  Marche  20. 
Marye  Grene,  Marche  25. 
Jo.  &  Will'm  Paslaye,  Aprill  5, 
Thomas  Eshe,  Aprill  16. 
Will'm  Pickeringe,  Aprill  29. 
Emmat  Grenfeld,  Maye  2. 
Anne  Hawks  worth,  Maye  22. 
Isabell  Parkinson,  Maye  29. 


Alice  Aspiner,  July  21. 
Robert  Hawet,  Octob  22. 
Thomas  Bidiall,  Septemb  24. 
Elizabeth  Padget,  Noveb.  29. 
Anne  Bawson,  Januar  18. 
Dorithye  Bawlin,  Januar  21. 
Mary  Lethall,  Marche  19. 


Reptile  Symbolism. — In  the  Church  of  Bainton,  East  York- 
shire, there  is  a  recumbent  effigy  of  a  cross-legged  knight  (said 
to  be  Peter  cle  Mauley)  of  18th  Century  date.  A  Lizard  bites 
the  point  of  his  Shield,  and  a  toad  covers  the  point  of  the 
Sword,  its  head  being  towards  the  hilt.  How  are  we  to  account 
for  these  reptiles  in  this  position  and  what  is  their  signification  ? 
They  have  no  apparent  connection  with  the  Armorial  bearings 
of  the  Knight.  Gough  (in  his  Sepulchral  Monuments)  states 
that  these  reptiles  in  such  a  position  are  not  uncommon  in  this 
country.  R.  H.  Barker. 

Hull,  18th  October,  1886. 


Muster  Bolls. — Surtees  informs  us  that  the  Earl  of  Hunt- 
ington, Augt.  12, 1588,  assembled  all  of  the  County  of  Durham, 
between  16  and  60  years  of  age  capable  of  bearing  arms,  at 
Spennymoor, — 9000.  Can  any  of  your  antiquarian  readers 
inform  us  whether  these  musters  are  preserved  by  name.  Those 
of  Yorkshire,  temp.  Hen.  8,  must  have  been,  as  they  are  drawn 
upon  by  General  Plantagenet  Harrison  for  genealogical  pur- 
poses. T.  Y. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  119 

©ttr  Ijorkslpr*  foitrrs. 

While  giving  the  writer  of  the  article  on  Leeds  Pottery  every 
credit  for  its  production,  and  adding  my  own  modest  testimony 
to  the  value  of  such  researches  as  illustrate  the  origin  and 
growth  of  important  branches  of  manufacture,  more  especially 
such  a  one  as  that  of  china  and  pottery,  which  is  so  closely 
allied  to  the  fine  arts,  and  enters  so  largely  into  the  comfort 
and  beauty  of  our  domestic  lives,  still  I  am  sure  it  is  not  his 
wish  that  any  wrong  impressions  should  be  produced  on  the 
subject  by  incorrect  statements  or  questionable  inferences. 
Quoting  from  "  Thoresby,"  he  says,  "that  Mr.  Place  discovered 
an  earth  for  and  a  method  of  making  porcelain,  which  he  put 
in  practice  at  the  Manor  House  of  York."  What  may  have 
been  Mr.  Place's  discovery,  or  what  experiments  he  may  have 
carried  on  for  the  making  of  porcelain  or  china,  i.e.,  semi- 
transparent  ware,  partaking  of  the  qualities  of  both  glass  and 
pottery,  I  know  not ;  but  most  certainly  no  evidence  has  yet 
been  found  that  he  ever  did  make  any  such  ware,  either  as 
specimens  or  for  merchandise ;  that  which  he  produced  being, 
so  far  as  is  known,  "  perfectly  opaque,  and  not  superior  to  the 
common  earthenware,"  made  some  years  later. 

Mr.  Preston  seems  also  not  to  have  made  it  quite  clear  when 
quoting  Thoresby's  reference  to  the  Wortley  clays,  and  also  to 
Houghton's  testimony  as  to  the  capabilities  of  some  English 
clays  for  this  and  other  special  purposes,  that  he  (Thoresby)  is 
only  bringing  in  Houghton  for  this  end,  and  not  in  any  way  as 
a  witness  in  favour  of  Place  as  a  maker  of  chinaware.  All  that 
Houghton  says  on  the  subject  refers  to  day  found  at  Poole,  in 
Dorset,  which  was  conveyed  thence  to  London  for  manipulation 
by  the  potters  of  the  metropolis.  (See  below.)  Further, 
although  China  goods  were  imported  into  this  country  from  the 
first  half  of  the  sixteenth  century,  and  were  eagerly  sought 
after  by  those  who  could  afford  to  buy  them,  still  it  is  not 
known  that  any  of  that  fictile  ware  was  made  here  before  the 
opening  of  the  eighteenth  century ;  in  fact,  the  great  weight  of 
evidence  is  against  such  an  assumption.  For  though  D wight, 
of  Fulham,  patented  his  discovery  of  "the  mystery  of  trans- 
parent earthenware,"  in  April,  1671,  he  does  not  appear  ever 
to  have  produced  it  as  a  marketable  commodity;  the  great  risk 
and  uncertainty  of  firing,  &c,  and,  possibly,  an  imperfect 
knowledge  of  "  the  mystery,"  preventing  him  from  completing 
what  he  had  begun ;  or,  perhaps,  it  might  be  that  he  could  not 
produce  it  at  a  price  to  compete  with  the  Oriental  importations, 
as  Houghton  further  tells  us  that  the  clay  above  referred  to  as 
brought  to  London  for  the  manufacture  of  "  the  best  sort  of 
mugs,  was,  he  had  been  told  by  Dwight,  the  same  as  chinaware 
was  made  of,"  and  that,  if  it  were  worth  while  we  may  make 


120  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

as  good  china  here  as  any  in  the  world."  Again  he  says,  so 
late  as- 1695,  "  Tis  a  curious  manufacture,  and  deserves  to  be 
encouraged  here,  which,  without  doubt,  many  would  do,  as  Mr. 
Dwight,  of  Fulham,  has  done*it,  and  can  do  it  again  on  any- 
thing that  is  flat.  ...  By  my  consent,  the  man  that  would 
bring  it  to  perfection  should  have  for  his  encouragement  One 
Thousand  Pounds  from  the  Publick,  though  I  helped  to  pay  a 
tax  towards  it." 

As  to  Chelsea,  Jewitt  says,  in  his  "  Ceramic  Art,"  vol.  1,  p. 
168,  that  "  the  history  of  the  Chelsea  china  works  is  -very 
obscure."  It  is  certain,  however,  that  previous  to  the  year 
1700  the  goods  made  at  these  works  were  principally  delft  ware, 
by  Dutchmen  brought  from  Holland  for  that  purpose.  It  is 
sometimes  said  that  the  Dutch  potters  were  at  this  time  ac- 
quainted with  the  process  of  making  porcelain,  and  if  so,  it 
might  not  be  improbable  that  they  brought  this  practical  know- 
ledge with  them  not  only  to  Chelsea,  but  also  to  Bow  and 
Bristol,  where  they  appear  likewise  to  have  been  employed. 
One  thing  is  certain  of  Chelsea,  and  probably  -also  of  the  other 
places  mentioned,  it  was  early  occupied  in  painting  china 
brought  from  the  East  for  that  purpose,  and  that  by  the  middle 
of  last  century  they  were  all  actively  engaged  in  its  manufacture, 
servilely  imitating,  in  the  first  period,  the  Oriental  paste  and 
style  of  decorations. 

At  this  time  also,  1751,  Dr.  Wall,  of  Worcester,  medical 
practitioner,  chemist,  and  artist,  brought  his  experiments  to 
perfection,  and  established  a  company  for  the  manufacture  of 
china  in  that  city.  The  works  at  Derby  were  also  started  a 
year  or  two  prior  to  the  above  date,  and  were  carried  on  in  1756 
by  the  firm  of  Dewsberry,  Planche,  and  Co.,  "  partners  together 
as  well  in  ye  art  of  making  English  china,  as  also  in  buying 
and  selling  all  sorts  of  wares  belonging  to  ye  art  of  making 
china."  A  few  years  later  the  Old  Chelsea  works  were  incor- 
porated with  those  of  Derby,  the  distinctive  marks  of  the  two 
being  compounded  into  one.  Dr.  Johnson  and  his  friend  Bozzy 
visited  Derby  in  1777,  and  the  latter  in  writing  of  the  occasion 
says — "The  china  was  beautiful;  but  Dr.  Johnson  justly  ob- 
served it  was  too  dear ;  for  that  he  could  have  vessels  of  silver 
of  the  same  size  as  cheap  as  what  were  here  made  of  porcelain." 
So  that  after  all  that  is  said  about  the  so-called  extravagant 
prices  sometimes  paid  for  specimens  of  these  early  productions, 
they  do  not  often  exceed  their  first  cost.  From  this  brief  sketch 
it  would  appear  that  Dwight  (or  Dowoit)  of  Fulham,  knew  how 
to  make  china  in  1671 ;  yet  it  is  not  likely  he  ever  did  make  it 
for  sale ;  that  it  was  made  at  Chelsea  and  Bow  at  the  opening 
of  the  last  century,  and  possibly  at  the  first  place  somewhat 
sooner,  for  exceedingly  little  is  known  about  it;  that  from  1750 
it    was    made    in    considerable  quantities  at  all  the  places 


YOBKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  121 

mentioned,  as  also  at  a  few  others.  Yorkshire,  therefore,  I 
fear,  can  lay  no  claim,  either  by  Place  of  York  or  any  one  else, 
to  the  invention,  nor  the  early  production  of  this  delicate  and 
beautiful  ware ;  nor  was  it  ever  introduced  into  the  capital  city 
until  1888,  when  it  was  advertised  that  "  Mr.  Hirstwood,  of 
Stonegate,  erected  a  kiln  and  extensive  warehouse  in  the  Groves, 
for  the  manufacture,  gilding,  and  burnishing  china,  which  has 
not  previously  been  attempted  in  this  city." 

The  " Leeds  Pottery  Works"  are  situate  in  Jack-lane,  Huns- 
let,  where  they  are  of  considerable  extent,  covering  altogether 
about  seven  acres  of  land.  During  the  century  and  a  quarter 
of  their  existence,  they  have  passed  through  many  vicissitudes 
of  changing  fortune,  rising  rapidly  to  a  state  of  eminence  and 
prosperity,  from  which  they  gradually  declined ;  got  involved 
in  the  meshes  of  Chancery  law ;  were  rescued ;  recovered  some 
measure  of  their  former  success;  declined  again,  and  were 
bankrupt;  continued  a  feeble  struggle  for  a  few  years,  and 
finally  passed  into  hands  by  whose  energy  they  recovered  a 
large  degree  of  their  original  vitality.  It  is  generally  supposed 
that  pottery  has  been  made  in  and  about  Leeds  from  a  very 
early  period,  the  Wortley  clay  having  been  used  for  that  purpose 
for  many  generations,  and  possibly  centuries  past.  The  town- 
ship of  Potternewton,  also  on  the  north  side  of  Leeds,  although 
it  may  have  a  personal  and  not  a  craft  origin,  is  yet  suggestive 
in  connection  with  this  question.  The  early  wares  were,  how- 
ever, of  a  coarse  and  primitive  character.  The  first  clue  which 
we  get  to  the  comparatively  modern  history  of  these  works  is 
furnished  by  Jewitt  (Vol.  1,  p.  467),  where  he  says,  "  Before 
this  time  (the  middle  of  the  last  century),  a  kind  of  Delft  ware 
was  made,  and  I  have  seen  some  very  creditable  copies  of 
Oriental  patterns  with  salt  glaze  also  produced  at  these  works." 
But  the  famous  Josiah  Wedgwood  in  1762  commenced  to  make 
his  celebrated  "cream  ware,"  afterwards  called,  when  patronised 
by  Queen  Charlotte,  "  Queen's  Ware,"  and  the  wonderful  favour 
with  which  it  was  received  induced  other  potters,  and  the  Leeds 
makers  especially,  to  give  their  attention  at  once  to  its  produc- 
tion. This  was  done  with  such  success  at  Leeds  as  to  rival, 
and  in  many  cases  exceed  the  works  of  the  "  great  master  "  ; 
notably  in  the  wicker  baskets,  which  are  often  exquisite  speci- 
mens of  light  and  graceful  manipulation ;  while  in  the  more 
ornamental  pieces,  such  as  centre-pieces,  candelabra,  tureens, 
bowls,  Ac,  the  perforated  work — which  was  all  done  with  a 
punch  or  a  small  knife — and  the  modelling  are  all  that  could 
be  desired  in  form  and  beauty.  The  late  lamented  Mr.  Lyndon 
Smith  owned  a  ohoice  collection  of  these  wares,  some  of  which 
he  considered  so  fine  as  to  "vie  in  artistic  feeling  with  the 
productions  of  Wedgwood."  Indeed,  the  race  at  this  time  was 
so  close  between  these  two  noted  manufactories,   that  it  is 


122  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

scarcely  possible  to  say,  in  reference  to  many  of  the  common 
patterns,  which  originated  them,  or  which  copied  from  the 
other. 

Mr.  Preston  says — "  This  ware — i.e.,  the  cream  ware — "  bears 
considerable  resemblance  in  the  paste  to  the  Staffordshire 
Queen's  ware,  but  differs  in  the  colour  of  the  glaze,  which  is  of 
a  mellower  kind."  Now,  I  may  be  wrong,  but  I  have  always 
regarded  the  glaze  generally  used  as  being  colourless,  and  the 
"tint"  to  belong  to  the  paste  or  body  of  the  article;  still, 
however  that  may  be,  there  certainly  is  no  fixed  tone  or  tint  in 
either  the  Leeds  or  Staffordshire  "  cream "  ware,  the  shades 
varying  from  a  pale,  creamy  white  to  a  deep  cane  or  decided 
yellow  colour.  In  fact,  Wedgwood  was  obliged  to  tell  his  Lon- 
don agent,  as  Miss  Meteyard  informs  us,  that  while  he  strove 
to  keep  it  as  pale  as  possible,  yet  it  could  not  always  be  done, 
and  that  "it  is  impossible  that  any  one  colour,  even  though  it 
were  to  come  down  from  heaven,  should  please  every  taste/' 
Neither  can  I  see  how  "  the  perforated  or  pierced  work  "  can 
be  said  to  be  characteristic  of  the  Leeds  ware.  For  although  a 
very  large  quantity  of  that  ware  was  made  at  Leeds,  yet  they 
must  have  produced  a  vastly  greater  amount  of  that  which  was 
plain  in  cream,  blue,  and  other  colours  of  printed  and  painted 
goods ;  while  those  pierced  wares  were  made  to  an  equal  extent 
by  Wedgwood,  and  largely  also  by  Davenport,  Spode,  Neale, 
Gric,  and  other  makers.  I  know  it  is  common  for  dealers  who 
have  any  of  this  special  ware  without  mark  to  ascribe  it  at  once 
to  Leeds — and  this  speaks  loudly  in  favour  of  our  local  produc- 
tions ;  but  collectors  have  to  learn  to  discriminate,  and  it  is 
for  their  guidance  I  write,  as  I  but  rarely  find  that  dealers  have 
much  technical  knowledge  of  the  several  varieties  of  their 
fictile  stocks.  Neither  does  my  limited  experience  confirm  the 
statement  of  Mr.  Preston,  that  "  mottoes  and  rhymes  are  of 
frequent  occurrence  on  the  Leeds  wares,"  at  least  on  those  of 
the  early  and  middle  periods.  As  to  his  assertion  that  china 
was  made  at  these  works,  I  do  not  know  in  what  capacity  the 
friend  to  whom  he  refers  was  employed,  or  what  were  his  facili- 
ties for  getting  correct  information  on  the  subject ;  but  I  fancy 
his  idea,  at  the  time,  of  china  must  have  been  akin  to  Thoresby's 
of  the  York  porcelain,  as  it  is  certainly  a  new  idea  for  collectors, 
and,  if  correct,  Mr.  Preston  has  without  doubt  "  struck  ile," 
and  very  high  prices  would  be  given  by  some  for  specimens  for 
their  cabinets.  Jewitt,  than  whom  no  one  has  more  fully  in- 
quired into  the  history  of  these  works,  says  "  that  china  was 
never  made  there,  I  am  fully  convinced." 

I  am  astonished  Mr.  Preston  should  affirm  that  'a  marked 
specimens  of  Leeds  ware  are  seldom  met  with."  My  own 
collection  is  but  very  limited,  and  yet  I  could  show  him  a  con- 
siderable number  of  marked  pieces.    Truly,  a  great  deal  was 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  128 

made  there  without  being  marked,  the  bulk  of  it  being  sent  to 
the  foreign  markets,  from  whence  some  of  the  finest  specimens 
in  the  hands  of  collectors  have  been  recovered ;  yet  the  marks 
are  so  far  from  being  rare/  that  there  is  but  little  difficulty  in 
constantly  finding  them.  As  to  the  marks,  that  novices  may 
not  be  at  fault  in  seeking  to  acquire  specimens,  I  regret  again 
to  have  to  demur  to  Mr.  Preston's  statements.  He  says — 
"  Other  examples  are  '  L.  P.'  (Leeds  Pottery),  and  '  L.  P.  C 
(Leeds  Pottery  Company).  The  letters  '  O.  and  G.,'  surmounted 
by  a  crown,  « C.  G.'  (Charles  Green),  and  *  C.  G.,'  with  '  W.' 
underneath,  are  now  considered  as  early  marks."  Now,  Mar- 
ryatt  states  in  his  "  Ceramic  Art "  that  Mr.  Edward  Hailstone, 
who  owns  a  fine  collection  of  this  ware,  and  notably  an  elaborate 
fountain,  made  special  enquiries  of  old  workpeople  in  reference 
to  the  marks,  with  the  result  that  he  could  not  learn  any  other 
marks  were  used  but  those  of  "  Hartley,  Green,  and  Co.,  Leeds 
Pottery,"  and  "  Leeds  Pottery  "  only.  Jewitt  also  says  he  is 
"  convinced  that  the  *  C.  G.'  and  the  '  C.  G.'  with  «  W.'  under- 
neath, do  not  belong  to  Leeds,  and  there  never  was  a  C.  Green 
connected  with  the  firm."  I  find  of  the  family  of  Greens, 
Joshua,  John,  Saville,  and  Ebenezer,  but  not  one  with  the 
initial  '  C ;  and  even  were  it  so,  how  is  the  *  W.'  accounted 
for?  Mr.  Preston  also  says,  "  The  horse-shoe  is  another  mark 
found  impressed  on  the  Leeds  ware."  This  also  is  misleading, 
as  there  is  no  such  mark.  What  be  means,  I  presume,  is  that 
on  some  pieces  the  full  name  and  address,  as  above,  is  placed 
in  a  double-tiered  arch  of  capital  letters,  the  name  of  the  firm 
forming  the  outer  and  the  address  the  inner  tier  of  the  arch. 
Generally,  it  seems  a  pity  that,  having  brought  this  ware  to 
such  perfection,  and  opened  for  it  good  markets  in  France, 
Germany,  Russia,  &c,  it  should,  for  want  of  sustained  enter- 
prise and  a  liberal  spirit,  be  allowed  to  slip  away  into  other 
districts  and  countries.  When  at  its  prime  the  turnover  was 
not  less  than  £80,000  per  year,  and  the  wages  paid  more  than 
one-fourth  of  that  sum,  besides  between  £2,000  and  £8,000  for 
coals  obtained  from  the  Middleton  pits.  One  of  the  chief  causes 
of  this  decline  appears  to  me  to  be  the  fact  that,  although  the 
paste  and  the  modelling  are  in  general  most  excellent,  yet  the 
colouring  when  the  brush  was  used,  is  almost  invariably  of  the 
crudest  character;  and  when  figure  or  flower  subjects  are 
attempted,  not  only  crude,  but  in  many  cases  positively 
ludicrous.  There  are  several  valuable  collections  of  these  pro- 
ductions of  our  town  in  the  immediate  neighbourhood,  and  it  is 
to  be  hoped  they  may  not  be  scattered  all  over  the  country,  as 
were  those  by  a  recent  great  sale  in  the  town. 

J.  T.  Beer,  Fulneok. 


124  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

(Bxtintt  ®0ttgr*0att0ttal  Colics. 

The  Ejected  Clergy  of  1662  were  men  of  more  than  average 
culture  for  those  times,  though,  it  should  be  said,  the  range  of 
studies  was  somewhat  limited,  extending  to  little  beyond 
Theology,  Latin,  Greek,  and  a  smattering  of  Hebrew.  Their 
ability  in  dividing  and  subdividing  a  text,  so  as  to  extend  into 
a  sermon  of  several  hours1  length,  nay,  into  several  such  ser- 
mons, is  well  known ;  and  the  aptitude  with  which  the  texts 
were  selected  denotes  a  thorough  acquaintance  with  almost 
every  verse  in  the  Bible.  Nor  were  they  content,  though 
excluded  from  the  Universities,  by  imposed  oaths,  that  their 
sons  and  suocessors  should  be  in  anywise  sufferers  owing  to 
this  lack  of  opportunities.  Amongst  their  number  were  some 
who  were  eminently  qualified  to  supply  the  requirements,  and 
whilst  the  majority  still  continued,  with  great  acceptance,  their 
pulpit  labours,  others  entered  the  houses  of  the  gentry,  as 
chaplains  and  private  tutors,  and  a  few  established  themselves 
as  school-masters. 

Mr.  Heywood  sent  his  two  sons  in  1678,  to  the  Rev.  Mr. 
Hickman's  Academy  at  Dusthorpe,  near  Bromsgrove,  in  War- 
wickshire. Mr.  Bichardson,  of  Eirkheaton,  and  Mr.  Cotton,  a 
Yorkshire  layman,  also  sent  their  sons  to  Mr.  Hiokman  at  the 
same  time,  with  the  intention  of  training  them  for  the  ministry. 
Mr.  Hickman  was  a  B.D.,  and  celebrated  Oxford  preacher 
(Hunter' 8  "  Heywood/1  p.  258).  It  is  rather  remarkable  they 
were  sent  so  far  from  home,  as  the  Bev.  Richard  Frankland, 
representative  of  the  Craven  family  at  Bathmel,  had  gathered 
a  school  before  1670.  He  was  educated  at  Cambridge,  and  was 
selected  as  one  of  the  professors  for  Cromwell's  University  at 
Durham.  His  frequent  removals,  caused  by  violent  persecu- 
tions, especially  about  1678,  were  probably  the  cause  that  led 
to  sending  the  youths  to  Mr.  Hickman.  They  had  not,  however, 
a  long  term  in  Warwickshire,  for  they  were  removed  to  the  care 
of  Mr.  Frankland  in  less  than  a  year.  (Aocounts  of  Mr. 
Frankland  may  be  found  in  Calamy ;  the  various  Histories  of 
Protestant  Dissenters;  Hunter's  "Heywood,"  pp.  242,  811, 
822,  898,  896,  426:  Halley's  "Lancashire  Nonconformity,"  pp. 
418-9;  Miall's  "  Congregational  Yorkshire,"  pp.  87,  120-1;  and 
a  list  of  his  pupils,  with  biographical  notes,  in  Vols.  H.  and 
IV.  of  "  Heywood's  Diaries.")  Mr.  Heywood's  sons  had  pre- 
viously been  under  the  tuition  of  Mr.  David  Noble,  a  Noncon- 
formist preacher  at  Morley,  and  a  talented  author. 

The  Bev.  Timothy  Joilie,  one  of  Mr.  Frankland's  pupils, 
established  an  Academy  at  Attercliffe,  about  1687,  after  Mr. 
Frankland,  who  had  temporarily  resided  there,  had  returned  to 
Bathmel.  (See  Hunter,  p.  426 ;  Halley,  pp.  419-421 ;  Miall, 
pp.  121-2.)    The  Bev.  John  Wadsworth  succeeded  Mr.  Joilie, 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  125 

who  died  in  1714.  The  Academy  dwindled,  and  became  extinct 
in  Mr.  Wadsworth's  time.     He  died  in  1744  or  5. 

On  Mr.  Frankland'8  death  in  1698,  his  Academy  was  con- 
tinned  by  Mr.  Chorlton  at  Manchester,  some  of  whose  students- 
are  recorded  by  Mr.  Hey  wood  (Diary,  Vol.  II).  Mr.  Chorlton 
was  assisted  by  Mr.  Cunningham,  who  was  also  his  successor, 
but  "incompetent  to  sustain  its  reputation,  he  brought  the 
Academy  to  an  untimely  and  not  very  honourable  end."  Mr. 
Chorlton  died  in  May,  1705.  (  Northowram  Register .  See 
Halley,  p.  421.) 

The  Rev.  James  Owen  received  theological  students  at 
Oswestry,  and  subsequently  at  Shrewsbury,  where  he  died  in 
1706,  and  was  succeeded  by  Dr.  Benyon.  A  Dr.  Dickson  had 
conducted  a  flourishing  Academy  at  Whitehaven,  which  was 
continued  by  the  Rev.  Caleb  Rotherham,  D.D.,  at  Kendal,  until 
his  death  in  1752. 

The  Warrington  Academy  was  established  in  1757,  with  Dr. 
Taylor  as  its  Principal,  and  the  institution  still  survives,  having 
been  removed  to  Manchester,  from  thence  to  York,  and  again 
to  Manchester.    (Hunter,  p.  427 ;  Halley,  pp.  490,  501.) 

In  1754  another  Academy  of  some  repute,  kept  by  Dr.  E. 
Latham  at  Findern,  near  Derby,  as  successor  to  a  Mr.  Hill, 
was  closed ;  and  Daventry  Academy  had  ceased  to  be  private 
property  under  the  Independents,  through  the  support  of  Mr. 
Coward's  trustees.  The  celebrated  Dr.  Joseph  Priestley,  who 
was  born  at  Field-head  in  Birstall  in  1788,  chose  Daventry 
Academy  under  Dr.  Ashworth,  successor  to  Dr.  Doddridge,  in 
preference  to  the  "more  orthodox"  Academy  at  Mile  End, 
London,  and  was  urged  thereto  by  the  Rev.  J.  Kirkby,  the  aged 
minister  at  Heckmondwike. 

Though  probably  Arian,  Mr.  Kirkby  joined  his  people  in 
inviting  the  Rev.  James  Scott,  .to  become  assistant-minister  at 
Heckmondwike,  to  which  invitation  he  acceded,  after  sixteen 
months'  deliberation,  in  January,  1754.  Mr.  Kirkby  died  the 
following  month.  Mr.  Scott  was  a  native  of  Berwickshire,  and 
was  born  in  1710.  He  entered  Edinburgh  University  in  1726. 
For  some  years  he  was  a  private  tutor.  He  was  minister  of 
Stain  ton  in  1789,  Horton  -in-Craven  1741,  (being  ordained  there 
in  May  of  that  year,)  Tockholes  in  1751,  removing  thence  to 
Heckmondwike.  Mr.  Scales  mentions  a  manuscript  life  of  Mr. 
Scott,  which  it  is  hoped  is  still  preserved,  but  I  am  sorry  I  do 
not  know  what  has  become  of  it.  I  have  his  portrait,  and  also 
his  funeral  sermon,  preached  by  the  Rev.  Jonathan  Toothill. 
Long  notices  of  Mr.  Scott  appear  in  it;  also  in  Cockin's 
Memoirs,  in  the  Evang.  Mag.  for  1814,  and  the  denominational 
Magazines.  The  Rev.  Edward  Hit  chin,  of  White-row,  London, 
who  had  relatives  in  Heckmondwike,  had  frequent  conversations 
with  Mr.  Scott  on  the  prevailing  declensions  from  orthodoxy,. 


126 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


which  resulted  in  the  formation  in  London,  May  24,  1756,  of 
"  The  Northern  Education  Society,"  for  the  purpose  "  of  dis- 
pelling the  cloud  of  Socinian  darkness  then  spreading  over  the 
northern  counties."  It  was  resolved  to  establish  and  maintain 
an   Academy  in  the  North  of  England,  and  Mr.  Scott 


was 


invited  to  accept  the  tutorship.  The  Church  at  Heckmondwike 
agreed  to  his  engagement,  and  he  commenced  duties  the  same 
year.  Warrington  Academy,  promoted  by  the  "  heterodox," 
was  founded  the  following  year,  as  previously  stated.  Mr. 
Scott  is  said  to  have  resided  at  Mill-bridge  at  first,  but  probably 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


127 


early  removed  to  Southfield,  near  Norristkorpe,  where  he  had 
a  fairly  capacious  house,  with  the  Academy  a  few  yards  in  front 
at  right  angles,  a  view  of  which  is  here  given.  In  this  building 
about  seventy  students  were  educated,  a  list  of  whom  will  be 
found  in  "Nonconformity  in  Idle,  and  History  of  Airedale  College" 

On  the  death  of  Mr.  Scott,  ten  students,  then  in  residence, 
were  transferred  to  the  Rev.  Samuel  Walker,  of  Northowram, 
who,  from  1788  to  1795,  had  twenty-four  others  under  his 
charge,  including  the  Rev.  William  Vint,  who  carried  on  the 
Academy  at  Idle,  until  the  magnificent  Airedale  College  at 
Dndercliffe  was  erected.  Rotherham  College  may  also  be 
regarded  as  a  twin  sister  to  Idle. 

We  have  pleasure  in  adding  a  portrait  of  Mr.  Scott,  by  favour 
of  the  Rev.  B.  Nightingale.  There  is  an  oil  painting  of  him  at 
Rotherham  College.  Mr.  Scott  died  at  Heckmondwike,  Jan. 
11th,  1788,  twenty  years  after  the  death  of  his  wife. 


In  drawing  this  brief  and  hurried  sketch  of  the  extinct  theo- 
logical training  Academies  to  a  close,  I  will  give  publicity  for 
the  first  time  to  a  characteristic  letter  that  cannot  fail  to  interest 
the  Congregationalists  of  Halifax,  as  it  refers  to  one  who  became 
a  more  than  Halifax  worthy — the  Rev.  Joseph  Cockin. 


128  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

Southfield,  Feb.  6,  1777. 

To  the  Kippin  Congregation  meeting  at  Thornton. 

Dear  Friends,  As  I  have  been  acquainted  with  you  for 
several  years  &  have  always  had  a  good  opinion  of  you,  as 
serious  people  in  general,  lovers  of  Jesus  Christ  &  his  Gospell, 
&  as  you  are  now  comfortably  united  together  &  have  joyned 
together  in  giving  a  Call  to  Mr.  Cockin  to  be  your  Pastor,  I 
would  give  you  some  advice  in  order  to  his  answering  the  Call. 

There  are  many  even  serious  people  who  do  not  consider  the 
necessities  of  a  minister  with  respect  to  temporal  things.  Those 
who  have  a  farm  &  a  trade  have  necessaries  from  their  farm 
every  day,  and  not  only  wages  but  profit  from  trade  frequently, 
so  that  they  know  little  of  the  expenses  of  Housekeeping. 
Diligent  working  families  whose  hands  are  their  estate,  gain 
more  a  year  than  perhaps  they  imagine,  they  are  receiving 
wages  weekly,  neither  do  they  observe  how  much  goes  to  sup- 
port their  poor  families.  They  (viz.  people  in  general)  think 
that  a  Minister  with  his  family  may  live  very  plentifully  and 
clothe  decently  with  about  40  Pounds  a  year.  But  a  considerate 
person  will  see  this  to  be  a  mistake. 

Another  thing  I  would  suggest,  That  many  think  that  what 
is  given  to  a  minister  is  a  free  gift,  so  that  they  may  give  or 
not  give  according  to  their  pleasure.  This  is  also  a  very  great 
mistake.  Indeed  it  is  a  gift  among  Dissenters  with  respect  to 
the  laws  of  the  Nation  but  not  with  respect  to  the  laws  of  God. 
Those  who  ministered  in  holy  things  had  always  a  portion  for 
their  due.  Melchizedek  had  the  tenth  of  the  spoils  from  Abram ; 
Egyptian  Priests  had  their  portion.  The  Lord  commanded  the 
tribe  of  Levi,  tho  much  inferior  in  number  to  any  of  the  12 
Tribes,  to  have  the  tenth  of  all  the  fruits  of  the  land,  besides  a 
part  of  many  of  the  sacrifices.  Christ,  sending  his  disciples  to 
Preach,  commanded  them  to  make  no  provision  for  their  Journey, 
adding  this  reason — For  the  workman  is  worthy  of  his  meat, 
he  hath  ordained  that  they  which  preach  the  Gospel  should 
live  of  the  Gospel,  1  Cor.  9,  7  to  15.  And  let  him  that  is  taught 
in  the  word  communicate  to  him  that  teacheth  in  all  good 
things.  Gal.  6.  6.  A  comfortable  support  is  their  due.  If  any 
say,  What  is  due  to  a  Minister?  I  answer;  Such  a  part  of  your 
Substance  according  to  your  ability  as  you  incline  to  devote  to 
God's  glory  &  the  support  of  the  Gospel  among  you.  My  ad- 
vice then  is  that  you  make  a  subscription.  Let  every  one 
propose  what  he  is  able  and  willing  to  give  a  quarter,  let  the 
names  and  sums  be  written  in  a  book  &  the  Collection  be  made 
accordingly.  This  is  a  necessary  part  of  duty.  For  people 
ought  to  give  according  as  God  hath  prospered  them.  All 
young  people,  man  &  woman,  who  are  gaining  wages  should 
subscribe  something.  Who  is  it  that  does  not  spend  time  or 
money  needlessly  to  the  value  of  I2d.  in  three  months?  I  want 


Y0RK8HIKE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  129 

no  superfluities  for  ministers  but  a  decent  support  to  free  them 
from  fear  of  want,  &  that  they  may  give  themselves  wholly  to 
the  duties  of  their  office,  and  may  have  some  certainty  for 
supplies.  I  never  proposed  anything  of  this  nature  on  my  own 
account,  but  if  I  had  been  in  the  condition  of  many,  a  numerous 
family  &  no  other  helps,  I  would  have  found  the  necessity  of  it. 
This  with  my  love  to  you  all,  desiring  you  may  be  guided  into 
all  Truth  &  duty  from 

Your  affectionate  friend  and  servt.  in  the  Lord, 

JAMES  SCOTT. 
On  glancing  over  this  brief  sketch  I  find  I  have  omitted  all 
mention  of  Lady  Hewley  (Hunter's  Heytcood,  p.  427,  MialTs 
Congregationalism,  p.  117);  of  Mr.  Stretton  (Miall,  p.  97);  of 
Dr.  Williams  (Hunter,  p.  425)  ;  who  deserve  the  highest 
encomiums  for  their  munificence  to  the  Students  and  Academies 
of  former  and  present  times.  I  have  not  referred  to  the  odious 
Acts  intended  to  crush  out  Nonconformity  by  aiming  blows  at 
the  Academies  (see  Miall,  pp.  119,  125,  126);  nor  to  the 
establishment  and  encouragement  of  many  Village  Schools, 
Northowram  amongst  the  number,  by  the  ejected  clergy.  The 
Congregational  Year  Booh  for  1851,  and  one  of  our  West  Hiding 
Congregational  Recfisters  (about  1855,)  contain  historical  articles 
bearing  on  the  subject.  T. 

o 

Note. — See  AckwoHh  Registers  on  page  115, — 

"  No  Marriages  in  1579." 

The  reason  why  no. marriages  hare  been  recorded  for  six  consecutive  years 

cannot  be  conjectured.    There  mnst  have  been  marriages,  but  they  are  not 

found  in  any  other  Registers.     If  not,  the  number  of  baptisms  points  to 

illegitimacy,  although  one  child  only  is  branded  as  "  a  bastard."— J.L.S. 

[1  have  found  abundant  proof  that  the  Registers  were  generally  •  posted  up' 
annually  from  rough  mem-books ;  and  have  at  several  places  found  whole 
yean  missing. — Ed.] 


A   SKETCH   OF    1648.* 

By  T.  Tindall  Wildridge. 
Placid  lay  the  Humber  beneath  the  silvery  beams  of  the  July 
moon.  With  her  turreted  walls  rising  from  the  shimmering 
flood,  Hull,  like  a  sea-queen  at  rest,  surveyed  her  ancient 
domain.  In  the  embrasures  watch-fires  reddened  and  glowed 
in  vivid  contrast  to  the  pale  light  without,  and  the  tramp  of 
heavily-armed  men,  and  the  occasional  clanking  ring  of  halberd 
or  sword-scabbard  on  the  ramparts,  told  that  the  guardians  of 
the  town  slept  not  at  their  posts.  Twinkling  lights  here  and 
there,  on  both  the  northern  and  southern  coasts  of  the  river- 
sea,  spoke  too  of  watch  and  ward,  while  upon  its  tranquil 

*  From  Andrews'  Hull  Annual,  with  our  own  illustration. 
T.N.Q.  I 


180  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

• 
bosom  floated  many  a  high-prowed  ship,  with  its  soft-stepping 
sailors  alert.    The  night  was  full  of  watchfulness ;   ears  and 
eyes  seemed  to  be  on  every  side,  waiting  but  for  the  whisper  of 
Suspicion  to  rouse  the  clarion  throat  of  Alarm. 

What  fires,  what  lights,  were  these— what  need  of  that 
vigilance,  that  waiting  for  the  morrow,  which  seemed  detained 
by  the  very  anxiety  that  expected  it  ? 

The  fires  were  the  fires  of  Patriotism,  the  lights  those  of 
Liberty,  and  the  need  was  that  of  vigilance  against  an  enemy 
who  would  destroy  both,  and  might  sweep  down  any  moment 
to  the  rescue  of  a  traitor ! 

A  dire  conspiracy  had  been  discovered,  a  treachery  unearthed. 
The  Town  of  Hull,  the  key  of  Yorkshire  and  the  Magazine  of 
the  North,  had  long  held  firm  to  the  Parliament,  and  the 
majority  of  the  townsmen  stood  to  the  neck  in  responsibility 
for  the  first  decisive  events  of  the  Civil  War.  Their  swords 
had  been  drawn  and  their  purses  upturned  to  maintain  the 
cause.  .Their  fruitful  fields  had  been  converted  into  wide 
lagoons,  their  argosies  ventured  and  often  lost,  and  no  man 
held  his  life  dear  if  he  might  at  its  risk  serve  the  Parliament 
and  the  People. 

With  what  horror  then  was  it  found  that  the  Governor  of  the 
Town,  one  of  the  "  obstinate  Northern  men,"  who,  in  the  im- 
patient Parliaments  of  Charles,  had  long  held  to  liberty, 
meditated  delivering  them  all  over  into  the  power  of  the 
adversary. 

But  the  plot  was  in  vain.  Upon  this  night,  in  the  cabin  of 
that  grim  warship,  whose  sturdy  bulk  warranted  the  name  of 
Hercules,  sits  with  bowed  head  and  uncertain  thoughts  the 
baffled  Hotham,  lately  so  imperious  and  tyrannical.  The  waters 
of  the  Humber  Sea  lap  gently  against  the  vessel's  oaken  sides, 
and  to  Sir  John,  in  the  silence  of  his  captivity,  the  waves  have 
the  hushed  waiting  sound  of  a  bated  breath.  Had  he  but 
known  it,  this  was  the  last  time  he  was  to  hear  it.  Full  of 
agitation  he  seized  a  pen  and  wrote  a  stammering  letter  to 
those  upon  whom  he  had  so  lately  trampled.  This  letter,  now 
preserved  among  the  Town's  Eeoords,  shows  how  his  heart 
refused  to  hear  the  voioe  of  fate,  and  how  his  vacillating  spirit 
for  another  time  swung  to  the  point  of  courage  and  left  him 
brave.  He  wrote  for  wife,  children,  money  and  clothes,  to  be 
sent  to  him,  commencing :  "  Sirs,— This  unfortunate  business, 
which  I  doubt  not  but  you  have  done  out  of  your  good  affections 
to  the  Parliament,  I  hope  God  in  his  mercy  will  turn  to  the 
good  of  all."  And  again  :  "  I  heare  you  have  dealt  like  gentle- 
men with  my  wife,  for  which  I  may  live  to  thank  you." 

This  subjunctive  form  of  expression,  here  a  mere  figure  of 
speech,  was  too  prophetic.  He  may  have  thanked  them,  but 
his  life  for  the  brief  span  of  its  continuance  was  poor  in  all 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


181 


save  barren  words,  whether  of  thanks  or  imprecation.  For 
the  Hercules  was  to  be  but  a  step  to  the  Tower,  and  the  Tower 
to  the  Scaffold.  He  entered  the  Hercules  a  prisoner  on  the  29th 
June,  1648,  and  was  beheaded  on  the  2nd  January,  1644-5. 


SIR  JOHN    HOTHAM. 


182 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


York  Mint. — In  England  we  had  formerly  many  places 
favoured  with  the  privilege  of  having  a  mint.  So  late  as  the 
reign  of  William  III.,  it  was  found  convenient,  at  the  calling 
in  of  the  light  and  base  money  to  be  recoined,  to  erect  mints 
at  London,  York,  Bristol,  Chester,  Exeter,  and  Norwich,  the 
initial  letter  of  those  names  being  struck  on  their  respective 
products.  The  accompanying  cuts  represent  earlier  specimens 
of  York  coinage.  No.  1  is  Edward  the  Sixth's  silver  crown- 
piece.  It  has  the  King's  figure  at  length  on  horse-back,  in 
armour,  crowned,  and  holding  a  drawn  sword  to  his  breast,  as 
he  himself  expresses  it  in  his  Diary.  The  horse  is  dressed  in 
large  embroidered  trappings,  with  a  plume  of  feathers  on  its 
head,  and  the  date  1551  under  it.  The  circumscription  reads : 
Edward  VI.,  D.  G.  Agl.  Fba.  Z.  Hibr.  Bex.  On  the  reverse : 
Posvi.  Devm.  A  Divtor.  E.  Mdv.  Y. 


No.  2  is  a  shilling  of  King  Edward  Vis.,  with  the  King's 
bust  full  faced,  crowned,  and  in  his  parliamentary  robes,  with 
a  chain  of  the  Order  of  the  Garter.  On  one  side  of  the  head  is 
a  large  double  rose,  and  on  the  other  XII  (pence),  with  this 
legend.  Edward  :  VI :  D  :  G  :  Agl  :  Fra  :  Z  :  Hib  :  Rex.  Y  : 
This  is  said  to  have  been  the  first  and  only  English  coin  bear- 
ing the  Collar  of  the  Garter. 

No.  8  is  the  half-sovereign  of  the  same  King.  It  has  the 
king's  bust  in  armour,  crowned,  and  labelled  :  Edward  VI :  D  : 
G  :  Agl  :  Fra  :  Z  :  Hib  :  Rex.  Y.  The  reverse  bears  the  arms 
in  an  oval  shield,  garnished  and  crowned  :  Scvtvm  :  Fidbi  : 
Proteoit  :  Evm. 


•%*,'!** 


*'*%%■ 


*  '■':-'." 


i 


jStf 


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i 


Vfe 


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gpm« 


iK* 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


188 


No.  4  is  a  base  shilling  of  Edward  VTs.,  bearing  the  York 
Mint  mark  Y,  the  head  in  profile  crowned;  with  a  legend 
Edwabd  :  VI.  D  :  G  :  Agl  :  Pba  :  Z  :  Hra  :  Bex  :  Y  : 

Perhaps  some  other  of  your  numismatic  readers  will  supply 
other  Yorkshire  examples.  U.M. 

Mr.  J.  Verity,  of  Earlsheaton,  whose  extensive  collection  of 
coins  of  all  descriptions  is  well  known,  has  kindly  forwarded 
blocks  representing  the  Pontefract  Siege  Shilling. 


His  sixth  catalogue  gives  a  copy  of  Edward  VPs  Sixpence 
from  the  York  Mint.  Edwabd  :  VI  :  D  :  G  :  Agl  :  Fba  :  Z  : 
Hibeb  :  Rex  :  Y.  Bust,  front  face,  crowned,  with  Bose  and 
VI.     Posvi  Dev  :  A  DifTORE  Mev.  Y. ;  cross,  bearing  shield.;    i 

He  has  also  Charles  I's  half-crowns,  shillings,  sixpences, 
threepences  of  York  Mint,  and  a  Pontefract  shilling  of  lozenge 
shape ;  obv.  front  of  castle,  with  XII  to  the  right,  P  above,  C 
beneath,  Obs  to  the  left.  William  III  had  Half-crowns  struck 
at  York  mint. 

The  Universal  Magazine  for  April,  1756,  mentions  a  Ponte- 
fract half-crown,  lozenge  shape,  with  C.  B.,  a  crown,  XXX, 
Dux  Spibo  Spebo.  Beverse,  the  castle,  and  a  hand  out  of  one 
of  the  towers  holding  a  drawn  sword,  Obs.  P.O.,  1648.  A  copy 
of  the  shilling  is  given  but  differs  from  the  above  cut  in  having 
no  hand  with  drawn  sword,  but  P.  XII.  C.  in  the  place  thereof, 
and  no  P.  C.  above  the  tower. 


Dorksljitt  tSKaterfaiis  anb  (Kaiws. 

Scalebeb  Fobce,  as  will  be  seen  from  the  accompanying 
illustration,  (see  frontispiece,)  is  a  charming  bit  of  scenery.  It 
is  about  a  mile  and  a  half  from  Settle  on  the  Malham  road, 
which  the  Scaleber  beck  crosses.  The  Hattermire  or  Atter- 
myre  Cliffs,  great  castle-like  walls  of  limestone,  with  ledges 
running  across,  form  a  magnificent  picture.  A  cave  in  the 
bee  of  this  amphitheatre  was  known  to  the  Bomans,  some  of 
their  implements  having  been  found  in  it.  This  cave  was  dis- 
covered by  a  dog  belonging  to  Mr.  Jackson,  of  Settle,  and 
named  the  Victoria  Cave.  Explorations  have  taken  place  for 
a  great  many  years,  and  science  has  been  greatly  benefitted  by 
the  results.    (West  Yorkshire,  Davis  and  Lees.)    The  Botanist 


184 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


and  Entomologist  will  find  choice  specimens  here,  and  the 
Artist  will  not  fail  to  carry  away  the  remembrance  of  these 
rent  and  fissured  rocks. 

Thornton  Fokce. — For  many  years,  Mr.  Joseph  Carr,  of 
Ingleton,  has  been  writing  in  newspapers  and  pamphlet  on  the 
beauties  of  Ingleton.  His  efforts  are  just  beginning  to  succeed, 
and  few  will  visit  that  delightful  retreat  without  being  grateful 
to  him  for  his  persistency.  More  enchanting  scenery,  within  a 
day's  ramble,  can  scarcely  (I  was  writing  cannot)  be  found  in 
England.  Every  year  will  see  even  larger  numbers  flock  to 
this  unexcelled  attraction.  Ingieton  Church  has  just  been 
rebuilt,  but  the  Norman  Font  is  well  worth  seeing,  and  the 


Thornton  Force. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  135 

fortified  position  of  the  Church  is  worthy  of  note.  Passing 
oyer  the  two  grains  of  the  Greta  (the  Dale  and  Doe  becks,)  the 
visitor  turns  up  the  Doe  valley,  and  meets  with  a  succession  of 
surprises.  His  first  surprise  is  that  he  has  to  pay  2d. ;  at  the 
dose  of  the  day  his  surprise  is  that  the  charge  is  so  small. 
Swilla  Bottom,  Fecca  Falls,  Thornton  Force,  Ravenwray, 
Twiselton  Scars,  Beezley  Falls  in  the  Dale  or  Greta  valley, 
Backstone  Gill  Hole,  Yew  Tree  Gorge,  Slate  Quarries,  and 
Ingleborough  mountain,  successively  demand  attention. 

Thornton  Force  is  a  waterfall  of  sixty  feet,  poured  from  a 
ledge  of  limestone  over  a  breast  of  slate.  The  surrounding 
shrubbery  of  the  dale  adds  to  the  beauty,  and  the  heavy, 
mountainous  background  gives  the  whole  a  romantic  appear- 
ance. You  may  safely  walk  on  the  ledge  behind  the  cascade, 
and  gain  the  full  power  of  the  thundering  cataract.  Below  is 
the  dark  pool,  beyond  which  is  a  little  gem  island ;  the  resound- 
ing rock  over  head  threatens  to  crush  you,  the  seething  waters 
roar  out  protests  against  your  intrusion.  You  are  quite  safe, 
but  yon  feel  safer  when  you  return. 

Four  miles  from  Ingleton,  on  the  Hawes  road,  is  Weather- 
cote,  the  finest  of  Ingleton's  waterfalls,  one  which  has  engaged 
the  pencil  of  J.  M.  W.  Turner.  On  the  road  to  it  call  at 
Easegill  Force.  Passing  God's  bridge,  over  the  Dale  beck, 
near  Chapel  le  Dale  you  reach  Weathercote  cave,  for  which 
you  require  a  guide,  and  the  marvellous  Fall,  75  feet,  unde- 
scribable  by  pen  or  pencil,  soon  makes  you  awe-stricken, 
(jingle  pot,  a  chasm  of  fifty  feet,  reckoning  from  the  precipice, 
is  a  couple  of  hundred  yards  away ;  and  Hurtle  Pot,  over  thirty 
yards  in  diameter,  is  near  the  Chapel.  The  gurgling  of  the 
water  in  this  deep  pool,  after  heavy  rain,  has  given  the  rustics 
the  idea  of  Hurtle  Pot  Boggart.  After  heavy  floods  these  pots 
boil  over  with  great  violence. 

Easegill  Fobce  is  formed  by  the  Jenkin  beck,  (a  tributary  of 
the  Lane,)  which  rises  on  the  south  side  of  Ingleborough,  and 
at  Easegill  falls  from  a  height  of  thirty  or  forty  feet  "over  a 
hollow  rock,  and  then  dashes  on  to  a  sloping  rock  beneath  a 
natural  bridge,  with  a  span  of  about  twelve  feet.  This  bridge, 
which  is  elevated  about  six  yards  above  the  bed  of  the  stream, 
is  thirteen  feet  below  the  point  where  the  water  begins  to  fall. 
The  rocks  rise  on  each  side  of  the  opening  to  a  considerable 
height,  and  are  partly  clad  with  ivy,  ferns,  and  lichens,  and 
trees  grow  here  and  there  on  the  ledges  and  out  of  the  crevices. 
There  is  an  easy  path  on  the  right,  as  you  look  at  the  fall, 
which  leads  to  the  top  of  the  bridge,  whence  you  have  a  very 
pretty  bird's  eye  view  through  the  romantic  verdant  arbour 
beneath."  This  description  of  Easegill,  and  the  picture,  are 
from  a  "Practical  Pictorial  Guide  to  Ingleton,"  by  Thomas 
Johnson,  Church  st.,  Blackburn,  price  3d. 


• 


4>$m^  ■ 


M 


m^   I 


ft. 

* 

i  *^3F   "^"^ 

1 

la 

9&L 

■\  >v< 


~  m 


EASEGILL     FORCE. 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


187 


Yobdas  Catb,  so  named  from  Yordas,  a  giant,  whose  chamber 
and  oven  are  pointed  out,  is  nearly  five  miles  from  Ingleton. 
It  contains  a  great  number  of  stalactites  and  stalagmites.  The 
entrance  opens  into  a  large  chamber  sixty  yards  long,  twenty 
yards  high,  and  beyond  this  there  is  a  second  one  with  a  fine 
cascade  in  wet  weather.  Mr.  Whittingdale,  of  Westhouse, 
Bentham,  gives  permission  to  explore  this  cave.  The  stream 
is  the  Doe,  which  passes  on  to  Thornton  Force.  In  this  part 
it  is  known  as  Kingsdale  beck,  and  rises  on  Wheraside.  The 
Ingleton  Pale  beck  rises  on  Blea  moor,  another  side  of  the 
same  mountain.  Amongst  these  limestone  hills  are  several 
other  caves  and  waterfalls, — Bowting,  Gingling,  Gatekirk,  and 
Douk  Caves  amongst  the  principal.  The  geologist  and  botanist 
will  be  delighted  with  this  district. 


Ingleborough  Cave. 
Inolbbobough  Cave,  a  short  distance  above  the  village  of 
Clapham,  was  formerly  the  watercourse  of  the  stream  from  the 
Gaping  Gill  Hole.  The  Clapdale  beck,  a  tributary  of  the 
Wenning,  is  a  most  delightful  reach  of  scenery.  We  have  a 
deep  gorge,  with  steep  banks  overgrown  by  a  dense  wood,  and  on 
either  side  bare,  majestic,  limestone  escarpments.  As  usual  in 
the  district  there  is  a  succession  of  waterfalls,  and  the  scenery 
is  probably,  unsurpassed  in  the  country.  From  Trougill  gorge 
the  ancient  bed  of  the  stream  may  be  traced  up  Ingleborough. 
Half-a-mile  from  Trougill  is  Gaping  Gill  Hole,  down  which  the 
stream  tumbles  nearly  four  hundred  feet,  and  at  the  bottom  of 


188        YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

the  cleft  follows  a  subterranean  coarse  for  nearly  a  mile.  Mr. 
Fairer' s  Caves  are  on  the  line,  and  have  been  explored  for  half 
a  mile. 

A  long  account  will  be  found  in  Phillips'  Yorkshire.  Alum 
Pot,  near  Selside,  Hull  Pot  and  Hunt  Pot,  near  Horton,  with 
others  of  that  district,  must  be  treated  of  in  another  paper. 


Kino's  Manos  House,  York. — About  a  hundred  years  ago, 
part  of  this  house  was  a  well  known  ladies'  school,  and 
daughters  of  county  families  were  pupils.  Lady  Mexbro'  (Miss 
Stephenson)  was  a  great  beauty,  grandmother  of  the  present 
Lord  Mexbro'.  The  following  lines  are  written  on  panes  of 
glass : 

B.  Dunoombe  came  to  the  Manor,  1786. 

Ann  Robson  came  to  the  Manor,  July  81st,  1769. 

Jane  Robson  came  to  the  Manor,  September  8rd,  1769. 

Lady  Christina  Elizabeth  Keith  came  to  the  Manor,  1786. 

M.  Boyes  came  to  the  Manor  at  five  years  old. 

People  say  Tom  going  to  run  off  with  Lieutenant  HalL 

Wharton. 

Kitty  Collins  left  the  Manor,  June  21st,  /92. 

Catherine  Fisher  loves  somebody. 

I  love  Miss  Parker  and  Miss  Walker.    A.  M.  Armytage. 

I  am  glad  it  is  five  o'clock. 

Ann  Coates,  Stokesley,  1618. 

Sweet  Mr.  Orde. 

Had  I  been  Paris  &  Miss  Senhouse  there 

The  apple  had  never  fell  to  Yenus's  share 
Nanny  Wrightson. 

Had  I  been  Paris  &  Lady  Mexbro'  there 

The  apple  had  not  fallen  to  Yenus's  share. 

A.  Wharton,  Scarbro',  1798. 

Richardson  &  Duncombe  if  you  love  me  as 

I  love  you,  I  never  shall  be  forgot  by  two, — 

I  hope  Dame  means  to  let  me  go  to  another  play  this  winter. 

Nothing  is  so  disagreeable  to  me  as  Croft's  silly  humour. 
Askew. 

A  Musgrave  came  to  the  Manor,  1618. 

M.  Seaton  came  1810. 

Shun  all  men.    E.  T. 

A.  Coates,  1618. 


fUrorfts  of  the  IflUst  fUMttg. 

The  steps  recently  taken  by  the  Court  of  Quarter  Sessions 
in  connection  with  the  records  of  the  West  Biding  in  the 
custody  of  the  Clerk  of  the  Peace  have  brought  to  public  notice 
how  extensive  and  important  is  the  collection  possessed  by  the 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AMD    QUERIES.  189 

riding.  Mr.  Francis  Darwin  moved  some  time  since  for  the 
appointment  of  a  committee  to  report  as  to  these  records. 
Upon  the  request  of  the  committee  the  Historical  Manuscript 
Commission  deputed  Mr.  J.  Cordy  Jeaffreson,  who  is  well  known 
as  an  antiquarian  expert,  to  investigate  the  subject.  We  learn 
from  his  report  that  the  records  comprise  the  following  docu- 
ments, viz : — 

1.  Sessions  rolls  from  the  year  1669  to  the  present  time. 

2.  Indictment  books  from  the  year  1687  to  the  present  time, 
in  109  volumes. 

8.  Order  books  for  the  same  period,  in  65  volumes. 

4.  Registers  of  estates  pertaining  to  Catholics  in  the  18th 
century,  and  of  awards  under  Acts  of  Parliament  for  enclosures 
and  other  public  works,  with  indentures  touching  the  same. 

5.  Plans  and  reference  books  touching  turnpike  trusts,  public 
roads,  canals,  railways,  bridges,  and  other  public  works. 

Following  Mr.  Jeaffreson's  suggestions,  the  magistrates  have 
caused  a  catalogue  to  be  made  of  the  entire  series  of  sessions 
rolls  and  their  contents. 

Referring  to  the  catalogue,  we  find  that  the  sessional  rolls 
are  about  2400  in  number.  Throwing  as  they  do  a  great 
amount  of  light  upon  our  local,  and  indeed,  we  may  say,  our 
national  history  for  the  past  200  years,  we  think  some  account 
of  the  contents  of  these  rolls  will  not  be  without  interest  to  our 
readers.  Among  the  most  important  classes  of  documents  to 
be  found  in  the  rolls  may  be  mentioned  indictments  and  the 
various  papers  relating  thereto,  convictions,  orders,  with  peti- 
tions and  various  other  documents  bearing  upon  them, 
sacramental  and  other  certificates.  In  addition  to  these  there 
are  numerous  other  papers  too  varied  for  any  brief  classification. 

Referring  to  the  indictments,  it  is  remarkable  how  great  a 
variety  of  subjects  were  formerly  dealt  with.  The  ordinary 
classes  of  crime  are  common  to  all  periods,  but  we  find  that 
matters  of  what  are  now  thought  to  be  of  domestic  or  private 
concern  were  once  considered  proper  to  be  tried  by  a  court.  It 
would  appear  that  the  morals  and  manners  of  our  ancestors 
were  much  better  cared  for  than  is  the  case  now ;  thus,  there 
are  presentments  for  non-attendance  at  church,  and  records  as 
to  the  observance  of  various  religious  ordinances,  the  swearing 
of  profane  oaths,  and  the  like.  Among  similar  orders  it  is 
recounted  that  one  Sarah  (we  forbear  giving  her  full  name)  was 
some  200  years  back  found  to  be  a  "common  scold,*'  and 
ordered  to  be  set  on  the  Market  Cross  at  Wakefield,  with  a 
paper  on  her  forehead  signifying  her  offence.  Of  a  different 
class  are  the  numerous  indictments  relating  to  the  decay  of 
bridges  and  highways.  Their  importance  even  at  the  present 
day  is  very  great,  and  they  have  to  be  referred  to  not  un- 
frequently  when  questions  as  to  the  liability  to  repairs  have  to 


140        YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

be  decided.  Those  whose  business  it  becomes  to  make  a  search 
for  the  more  ancient  indictments  will  doubtless  welcome  the 
assistance  of  the  catalogue. 

Turning  to  the  orders  and  petitions  much  curious  and  in- 
teresting matter  is  met  with.  Here  are  petitions  for  relief  by 
townships  and  persons  desiring  grants  of  public  money  under 
various  circumstances.  Townships  complaining  of  the  heavy 
burden  of  maintaining  their  own  poor  and  seeking  assistance, 
or  again  asking  for  relief  by  reason  of  the  destruction  of  roads 
and  bridges  by  storm  and  tempest,  or  for  briefs  to  enable  them 
to  raise  contributions  towards  the  rebuilding  of  churches,  &c. 
Private  individuals  supplicating  for  gratuities  where  they  had 
lost  goods  or  stock  through  divers  untoward  events,  such  as 
accidents  by  fires,  flood,  or  drought,  or  on  account  of  illness  or 
poverty,  plagues  to  man  or  beast,  and  indeed  in  case  of  almost 
every  species  of  misfortune  which  might  betide.  It  is  needless 
to  point  out  that  this  species  of  what  may  almost  be  called 
paternal  jurisdiction  has  now  in  a  large  measure  passed  away, 
its  place  having  been  taken  by  other  agencies;  but  these 
accounts  are  interesting  as  illustrating  the  gradual  growth  of 
our  institutions  and  the  way  in  which  justices  have  been  found 
to  accommodate  themselves  to  progressive  advances  of  the 
times. 

The  difficulties  connected  with  Papists  are  demonstrated  by 
the  mass  of  petitions,  informations,  recognisances,  and  other 
documents  concerning  them,  and  by  the  references  to  proceed- 
ings at  conventicles  and  unlawful  assemblies.  The  numerous 
records  of  fines,  penalties,  and  other  punishments  indicate  the 
severity  of  the  Papist  persecution  as  carried  on  at  the  close  of 
the  17th  century.  Passing  on  to  a  later  period  we  meet  with 
documents  bearing  upon  the  troublous  times  prior  to  the 
Restoration,  aud  shedding  much  light  upon  the  history  of  by- 
gone days.  Coming  to  the  18th  century,  when  so  much  alarm 
was  created  by  the  Pretender,  the  justices  and  other  authorities 
appear  to  have  been  very  active,  and  we  find  various  papers 
touching  the  rebuilding  of  beacons,  the  setting  of  watches,  and 
of  grants  of  money  to  compensate  for  losses  incurred  in  assisting 
(sometimes  under  compulsion)  in  the  transmission  of  baggage 
and  troops. 

At  an  earlier  date  there  appear  to  have  been  frequent  petitions 
from  "lame  and  disabled  soldiers"  for  grants  of  pensions,  their 
claim  being  generally  that,  having  been  disabled  or  wounded 
when  serving  under  Charles  I.  against  Cromwell,  they  had  since 
fallen  into  destitution ;  the  pension  granted  was  usually  forty 
shillings  per  annum,  raised  by  special  estreat  upon  the  respec- 
tive wapentakes.  These  petitions  set  forth  interesting  particulars 
of  service,  and  of  the  actions  and  sieges  in  which  the  petitioners 
had  been  severally  engaged.     At  this  period,  too,  there  are 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  141 

numerous  papers  dealing  with  the  farming  of  monopolies  and 
other  imposts  for  replenishing  the  exchequers  of  embarrassed 
royalty. 

The  invention  and  introduction  of  a  new  tax  must  oftentimes 
have  been  a  source  of  grave  perplexity  to  the  financier  of  that 
day.  Some  few  years  back  our  readers  will  recollect  the  outcry 
there  was  at  a  suggestion  for  taxing  matches,  but  what  would 
now  be  thought  of  a  tax  on  hearths,  such  as  was  formerly 
exacted? 

The  justices  have  now  decided,  on  the  recommendation  of 
the  committee  before  mentioned,  that  an  alphabetical  index 
shall  be  prepared  giving  a  description  of  such  of  the  Orders  of 
Sessions  as  are  of  permanent  interest  or  importance.  Such  an 
index,  as  affording  a  ready  means  of  reference  to  the  whole 
series  of  65  voluminous  order  books,  will  be  of  great  practical 
utility;  and  although  antiquarians  may  perhaps  regret  that  the 
quarter  sessions  have  not  undertaken  the  compilation  of  a 
complete  and  comprehensive  calendar  index  to  the  whole  of  the 
indictments  and  sessions  orders  as  was  suggested  by  Mr. 
Jeaffreson,  the  justices  have  probably  exercised  a  wise  economy, 
so  far  as  the  interests  of  the  ratepayers  are  concerned,  in  limit- 
ing the  scope  of  the  index  in  accordance  with  the  advice  given 
by  their  committee. 

A  perusal  of  these  rolls  would  well  repay  the  antiquarian  or 
historian,  and  we  cannot  but  think  that  as  the  contents  of  the 
collection  become  better  known  and  more  easily  accessible  many 
will  be  glad  to  avail  themselves  of  so  valuable  and  interesting  a 
source  of  reference.  It  is  gratifying  to  learn  that  the  public 
records  of  the  West  Riding  have  been  well  preserved  by  their 
custodians,  and  that  our  magistrates  are  taking  so  active  an 
interest  in  the  matter.  Yorkshire  Post,  May,  1882. 

[The  late  Mr.  Fairless  Barber  worked  diligently  in  urging 
the  Magistrates  to  arrange,  and  publish  extracts  from  the 
sessions  rolls,  and  it  is  probably  due  in  no  small  measure  to 
his  urgency  and  Col.  Brooke's  advocacy,  that  the  before- 
mentioned  report  was  prepared.  The  Editor  has  already  given 
specimens  in  these  pages  from  the  sessions  rolls,  culled  in 
1872.    Other  excerpts  will  follow.] 

County  Record  Office. — Now  that  County  Boards  are  the 
order  of  the  day,  the  Editor  suggests  that  all  Yorkshire  His- 
torical and  Genealogical  Manuscripts  should  be  gathered  into 
a  County  muniment  room,  open  gratuitously  under  same  con- 
ditions as  the  British  Museum  and  the  Rolls  Office,  London,  at 
York.    The  following  appeared  in  the  Athenaum,  in  July,  1882 : 

Will  you  kindly  allow  me  to  suggest  through  your  columns 
the  desirability  of  establishing  County  Record  Offices ;  and  I 
may  mention  the  materials  we  have  in  Yorkshire  as  illustrative 
of  the  utility  of  such  offices :  (1)  Wills  from  1800 ;  (2)  Parish 


142 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


Begisters  from  1588 ;  (8)  Bishops'  Transcripts,  from  1588 ;  (4) 
Sessions  Bolls  from  1640 ;  (5)  Nonconformist  Begisters  to  be 
recalled  from  Somerset  House,  where  they  have  been  buried 
for  nearly  two  generations ;  (6)  Institution,  Presentation,  and 
Act  Books,  now  carefully  preserved  at  York,  along  with  other 
valuable  ecclesiastical  documents,  dating  from  1200;  (7) 
Churchwardens1  and  Constables'  Books,  dating  often  from 
1600 ;  (8)  Manor  Bolls,  as  such  may  be  deposited  by  favour ; 
(9)  purely  Yorkshire  muniments  at  the  Becord  Office  and 
British  Museum,  e.g.,  the  Calverley  Evidences ;  (10)  bequests  of 
deeds,  &c. 

A  custodian  (who  could  employ  his  spare  hours  in  transcrib- 
ing and  indexing,)  and  sufficient  accommodation  would  not 
require  more  than  8001.  per  annum,  exclusive  of  desks  and 
bookcases.  Those  who  sought  information  for  general  his- 
torical purposes  should  be  able  to  obtain  access  freely,  by 
making  application  by  letter  previously;  others  should  be 
charged  ten  shillings  per  day ;  official  certificates  to  be  paid  for 
as  usual.    The  income  would  probably  average  200/. 

A  8  convener  of  the  meetings  in  Yorkshire  at  which  reso- 
lutions were  passed  (1)  disapproving  of  Mr.  Borlase's  Bill 
unless  due  provision  was  made  for  local  requirements,  and  (2) 
forming  a  Yorkshire  society  for  the  publication  of  parish 
registers,  I  should  like  to  suggest  that  similar  action  should  be 
taken  in  other  counties.  J.  Hobsfall  Turner. 


THE  ASSESSMENT  OF  THE  YEAB  1584. 

AgBBIG   &   MOBLEY. 

West  Ardsley 

... 

iijs. 

Cumberworth 

xiid. 

East  Ardsley 

... 

ijs. 

Drighlington 

iijs. 

Almondbury 

... 

viijs. 

Dalton 

ijs. 

Allerton 

... 

iijs. 

Dewsbury 

vis. 

Altofts 

... 

iiijs. 

Eland  cum  Gretland 

iiijs. 

Airton 

... 

iiijs. 

Erinden 

ijs. 

Beiston 

... 

vis. 

Ecclesall 

ijs. 

Barsland 

••• 

iijs. 

Emsey 

iiijs. 

Bramley  cum  Armley 

vis. 

ffarneley  juxta  Leedes 

iiijs. 

Bolton 

••• 

ijs. 

ffarneley  tyas 

ijs. 

Bollyng 

... 

iijs. 

fflockton  both 

ijs. 

Batley 

... 

ijs. 

Gomrsall 

iiijs. 

Bradford 

... 

vis. 

Kirke  Heaton 

ijs. 

Kirk  Burton 

••• 

ijs. 

Heaton  cum  Clayton 

iiijs. 

Crigleston 

••• 

VB. 

Horburye 

iiijs. 

Croston 

... 

iijs. 

Calverley  cum  farsley 

vs. 

Clifton 

••• 

ijs. 

Hartesheade 

ijs. 

IJS. 

South  Croeland 

••• 

iijs. 

Hunes  worth         ... 

Clackheaton 

... 

iijs. 

Haworth 

ijs. 

YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


148 


Holmefirth  ...  viijs. 

fluddersfeld  ...  vis. 

Hnnselet  ...  iiijs. 

Howley  half  ...  ijs. 

Horton  ...  ijs. 
Hipperholme  cum  \ 

Brighouse  j  TO' 

Heekmondwicke   ...  ijs. 

Heptonstall  ...  vs. 

Hauifax  ...  vs. 

Idle  ...  iijs. 

Liyersedge  ...  iiijs. 

Lepton  ...  ijs. 

Langefeld  ...  ijs. 

Mirfeld  ...  vis. 

Medley  ...  ixs. 

Middleton  ...  ijs. 

Marsheden  ...  ijs. 

Maningham  ...  ijs. 

Morley  ...  iiijs. 

Heltham  half  ...  ijs. 

Migeley  ...  iiijs. 

North  birley  ...  iijs. 

Normanton  ...  iijs. 

Northowram  ...  vs. 

Ovenden  ...  iiijs. 

Ossett  ...  viis. 

Pudsey  ...  iijs. 

Quick  ...  iijs. 

Raistrick  cam  ffixbie  iijs. 
Bishforth  cum  Norlande  iijs. 


Rothwell  ...        ixs. 

Bhitlington  als     ) 

Netherton  f  UJS* 

Sharleston  ...        ills. 

Slackwathe  (Slaithwaite)  ijs. 


Shipley 

Stainland 

Sandall        • 

Skircote  cum  Shelf 

Sower  bie 

Stanley 

Stansfeld 

SutteU 

Southowram 

Shepley 

Shelley 

Sindall 

Thornell 

Thurstonland 

Thorndton 

Thorpsup'monte    ... 

Tonge 

Warley 

Wharnbie  (Quarmby) 

Wads  worth 

Warmefeld  cum  Heath 

Wike 

Walton  cum 

Wortley 

Whitwood 

Wakefeld 


rjs. 

ijs. 
iijs. 

ijs. 

vijs. 

viijs. 

iijs. 

iijs. 

vs. 

ijs. 
xiid. 

ijs. 
iiijs. 

ijs. 
xijd. 
xijd. 
iijd. 

vs. 

vs. 
iiijs. 
iiijs. 
iijs. 
iiijs. 
iiijs. 

ijs. 
xvs. 


THE  SESSEMENT  FOR  YE  SURVEYOUR, 
West  Riding  co.  Ebor. 

Setback  cuv  libty.  of  Otley  &  Leedes. 


1584, 


Otley 

X8. 

Eepaxe 

,  ...          xs, 

Hawksworth 

ijs. 

Menston 

iiis. 

Carleton 

ijs. 

Secroft 

vs. 

Preston 

xs. 

Thornnour 

vis.  viiid, 

Rigton 

xs. 

Estkeswyke 

iiis.  iiiid. 

Bayldon 

iiis. 

Allaneley 

iis.  iiiid 

Gyseley 
Wodesom 

iis. 

Awsthorpe 

iiiis 

iis. 

NewBame 

xvis. 

8willingtone 

xvis. 

Yedone 

iiis 

Ledyston 

vis.  viiid. 

Wodersley 

xvis 

Horsford 

...        iiis. 

Wyke 

iiis. 

Aflerton  Gledhow...          vs. 

Potternewton 

...           V18 

Powell  (Pool) 

iiis. 

Barwyke 

xs 

144 


YOBKSHIBE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


Hedingley  ...  iiis. 

Collingham  ...  iiiis. 

Pollington  iiis.  iiiid. 

AUerton  in  Aqua  ...  iiiis. 

Abberfurth  ...  iiis. 

Ylkley  ...  iiis. 

Wigton  ...  iiis. 

Byngley  •  ...  xs. 

Morton  ...  iis. 

Bawden  ...  iis. 


Harwode 

Arthington 

Haddyl 

Shadwell 

leedeB 

Burley 

Thorp  Stapleton 

Scarcroft 


xs. 

iiis. 

iiis.  iiiid. 

vs. 

XXS. 

iis. 
xvid. 
xiid. 

Garfurthe  cum  li-\  .      .., 
bertate  beate  marie  jvl8" vua* 


Wep.'  de  barkeston  cum  babon  de  Sherburne. 


east  hadlesaye  ...  ts. 

burne  ...  vis. 

gatefurth  ...  vis. 

Breton  ...  vs. 

Hamelton  ...  vs. 

Carleton  ...  xvs. 

Ryther  ...  xs. 

Towton  ...  xs. 

Clifford  ...  viis. 

Wistow  ...  xxs. 

Saxton  ...  xs. 

Button                     vis.  viiid. 

Statton                   vis.  viiid. 

Barley  ...  vijs. 

ffenton  ...  xs. 

South  mylefurth   ...  vijs. 

butterington  ...  vs. 

Hayslewode  ...  iijs. 

Bramham  cum  Ogyl-)  .... 

thorpe                     J  uus- 

Sherburne  in  Elmet  xxs. 

Gollyston  ...  iiijs. 

Cawode  ...  xxs. 

Byrkyn                    vis.  viijd. 

meklefeld    •  ...  vs. 

Mrkbye  ...  iijs. 

newton  kyme  . . .  iiijs. 

ffryston  ...  vs. 

Barkyston  ...  iiijs. 

AOBRIG  &  MORLEY  GUM  LIBU. 


myrfeld 

Shipley 

wyke 

Calverley 

north  byerley 

lofthouse 


IJS, 


111JS. 

xyjs. 
xyjs. 
iiijd. 
ijs. 
xyjd. 


Thorpwillingbye    ...  ijs. 

Hudleston  cum  lumby  iiiijs. 
Grimston  ...  ijs. 

ledshame  ...         ijs. 

Tadcaster  ...  xs. 

Burton  ...         vis. 

west  hadlesey  vis.  viijd. 
ffareburne  vis.  viijd. 

drax  ...  xs. 

Hurste  ...  xs. 

newton  wallys  iijs.  iiijd. 
Hillome  yjs.  viijd. 

Byrome  iijs.  iiijd. 

ps  Arch  in  Brotherton  xijd. 
Selbye  ...      xxxs. 

hessye  monkton  Knap-  ] 

ton  Apylton  &  acaster  J      s# 
Popelton  suprior  ...  xs. 

Libe'tas  de  bramham  yjs. 
Atsham  cum  holdgate  xvs. 
Popylton  inferior  ...  xs. 

lib'tas  de  hewyke  of  t        .. 

Uskill  ...       vijs. 

Gatehill  ...         ijs. 

newthorpe  cum  ledsham  iijs. 
merton  cum  grafton  iiijs. 
lib'tas  de  Brotherton        ijs. 

de  Halifax  et  Wakefield. 
Bcyrcotte  ...      xvjd. 

hetenolake  (Gleckh.)  iijs.  iiijd. 
haworth  ...      xyjd. 

Shelfe  ijs.  iiijd. 

Batley  ...      xyjd. 

EUand  ...         ijs. 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


146 


mannyngham 

xxd. 

Ovenden 

iijs. 

Bolton 

xyjd. 

Glaton 

ijs. 

Barsland 

ijs. 

hekmondwyke 

xxd. 

Gomersall 

iiijs. 

Staynland 

iijs.  iiijd. 

Bollinge 

xyjd. 

lererse'gge 

ijs. 

horton 

xxd. 

mydleton 

iijs. 

Tonge 

xyjd. 

Scuthowrame 

xvjd. 

Byshworth 

xxd. 

warlye 

iijs.  iiijd. 

Ecleshill 

iijs. 

wadsworth 

iiijs. 

myghley 

iijs. 

fiekesby 

xxd. 

hallyefaxe 

xxvis.  viijd. 

Btaynfeld 

iijs. 

langhfeld 

ijs. 

Rastryke 

ijs.  iiijd. 

weyke 

iijs. 

Bradforth 

X8. 

fernbye  (fernlye] 

iijs. 

Bramley 

iiijs. 

wykerley 

xxd. 

ffarseley 

xxd. 

Bereton 

iijs. 

Pudsay 

iiijs. 

drighlington 

ijs.  vid. 

heyton 

ijs.  yiijd. 

4  Soytyll 

ijs. 

northowrome 

ijs.  viijd. 

herp'me  (Hipperh.)  iijs.  iiijd. 

Allerton 

ijs.  vijd. 

8ourby 

iiijs. 

Thornton 

iijs.  iiijd. 

hunnesworth 

ijs. 

huneslett 

YS. 

Clyfton 

ijs. 

Bothwell  cum  Carletone  xs. 

dewsbnrye 

iijs.  iiijd. 

Idyll 

ijs.  iiijd 

Morley 

vs 

Ardyslowe 

iiijs. 

hartyshed 

ijs. 

Wakefeild 

xxs. 

heyton 

iiijs. 

dalton 

ijs. 

ffarnlye  Tyas 

ijs. 

holmfurth 

iijs. 

Slaythwett 

ijs. 

Cumberworth 

...        xxd. 

huddersfeld 

iijs.  iiijd. 

lepton 

iiijs. 

whermby  (Quarmby)       mjs. 

north  crossland  ...      xyjd. 

Grossland  halfe  ...       xijd. 

flockton  ...        iiijs. 

Aykton  ...         iijs. 

whytwodd  iijs.  iiijd. 

Shytlington  iijs.  iiijd. 

warmfeld  ...        iijs. 

whytby[ly]  iijs.  iiijd. 
normanton  cum  hospite  iijs. 

Snydall  ...       xxd. 

Almnburye  iijs.  iiijd. 

Shelley  ...        iijs. 

Shepley  ...        iijs. 

meltham  ...  ijs.  yjd. 

Thornhill  ...          vs. 

Ossett  ...          vs. 

Btaynley  ...        vjs. 

Altofts  ...       iiijs. 

Walton  ...       iiijs. 

Thonrstonland  ...         ijs. 

Sandall  ...       iiijs. 
dimid  (half)  Bretton       xxd. 

Burton  ...          ijs. 

medley  ...      viijs. 

horbnry  iijs.  iiijd. 

Gregylston  iijs.  iiijd. 

Emley  ...         ijs. 

Croston  ...         iijs. 

Sharleston  ...        iijs. 

howley  ...        iijs. 
16.8.6. 


T.N.Q. 


146 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


WAP'  DB  OSGODOBOSSE  &  DIMID  HONORIS  DK  PoNTEFBAIT. 


Nostell 

ijs.  yjd. 

wheldall 

ijs. 

Gastlefurtli 

iiijs. 

Stapylton 

iiijs. 

Broughton 

iiijs. 

Sineaton  p'va 

iiijs. 

Badsworth 

iiijs. 

Credlinge 

iiijs. 

knottyngley 

viijs. 

South  Elmesall 

vs. 

Skelbrooke 

vs. 

Boall 

iijs.  iiijd. 

Thorpawdleybye 

iiijs. 

Ackworth 

vjs. 

fryston  by  the  water       iiijs. 

Wrangbrooke 

...  ijs.  yjd. 

pomfrette 

xiijs.  iiijd. 

Stubbes  walden 

iijs. 

Skellowe 

vijs. 

Upton 

iijs. 

darington 

viijs. 

norton  neare  Campsall     xs. 

kyrkefaenton 

vs. 

north  elmsall 

vs. 

prestoii 

VJS. 

wom'sley 

xs. 

Garleton 

iiijs. 

South  kyrkby 

vs. 

fetherston 

iiijs. 

7.9.8. 

OSGODCBOSSE   AN 

d  Mabsheland. 

hawdonbye 

vijs. 

hensall 

iiijs. 

fokerbye 

viijs. 

pollington 

xs. 

Adlingflete 

xs. 

hecke 

vijs. 

Whitgyfte 

vijs. 

whetlye 

iiijs. 

vskett 

viijs. 

Egburgh 

vs. 

Rednesse  wthout 
tyes 

^  }  xiijs. 

kellyngton 
Beall 

iiijs. 
vis. 

Rednesse  w^in  '. 

yb'tye     vjs. 

Bramwyth 

vs. 

howke 

viijs. 

Campsall 

xxyjs.  viijd. 

Armyne 

vs. 

Burwallys  a's    | 
Burghwallys      } 

.. 

Roclyffe 

xs. 

V1J8. 

Snayth 

XX8. 

Anston 

XS. 

GoldhaU 

VS. 

9.15.8. 

Weapont  de 

Staincbosse. 

hundyehelfe 

iijs. 

Boyston 

iijs. 

Guntwhette 

xxd. 

hygheholland 

iijs. 

Sylkston 

iiijs. 

Tankersley 

iijs. 

langsett 

iijs. 

Edworth 

iiijs. 

wortley 

vs. 

Shafton 

ijs. 

byaohworth 

xijd. 

Barnesley 

X8. 

dodworth 

iijs.  iiijd. 

Ardesley 

xyjd. 

Oxspringe 

iijs. 

Ghette 

yjd. 

Beyll 

iijs. 

Brearley 

iijs.  iiijd. 

Thurgurland 

iijs. 

penyston 

iiijs. 

Claton 

iijs. 

hymsworth 

iiijs. 

holland  swayne 

iijs. 

Skemlthorpe 

xxd. 

denby 

iijs.  iiijd. 

Wolley 

...  ^     xxd. 

notton 

iijs. 

kexburghe 

...  ijs.  yjd. 

west  bretton 

xijd. 

Steynburghe 

xxd. 

YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIE8. 


147 


wyntersett 

xvjd. 

Cawthorne 

vijs. 

denton 

iiijs. 

wospurne 

viijs. 

barghe 

iijs.  iiijd. 

hyndeley 

...  ijs.  vid. 

Thurlyston 

...    .        VJS. 

6.8.8. 

hanercrofte 

...  ijs.  vjd. 

Wapent' 

DE    CLABO. 

newall 

iiijs. 

Rygton 

xxd; 

weston 

xvjd. 

pva  Tymkyll 

xijd. 

oesfeld 

xxd. 

Atherlawe 

vjs. 

fferneley 

iiijs. 

Greneham'ton 

...  ijs.  vjd. 

denton 

iiijs. 

kyrkham'ton 

iijs. 

Colthorpe 

xxd. 

whyxley 

...  ijs.  vid. 

medleton 

ijs. 

South  dighton 

iiijs. 

Bypley 

ijs. 

Aldfeld 

iiijs. 

nonmonkton 

iiijs. 

bnnsingborne 

iijs. 

plompton 

iiijs. 

Goldsburghe 

vs. 

Askwyth 

iiijs. 

Gowldthorpe 

...vjs.  viijd. 

Spofforth 

iijs. 

Reinseley     ) 
Rem'ley       J 

...  ijs.  vjd. 

lynton 

...  ijs.  vjd. 

leythley 

ijs. 

wynkersley 

iijs.  iiijd. 

wetherbye 

vjs.  viijd. 

fflapley 

...  ijs.  vjd. 

Synclynghall 

iiijs. 

lynleye  al'Lyndley         xvjd. 

pva  uskurne 

ijs.  viijd. 

AUerton  mallevey             ijs. 

pva  Rykston 
dnntfurd 

iijs. 

dun  keswyke 

xxd. 

ijs. 

kyrbye 
kyrkbie 

...  ijs.  vjd. 

magna  Rykston) 
cu  hospit'            J 

ma 

...  ijs.  vjd. 

...               JJo. 

ffolyfayte 

...  ijs.  vid. 

Castley 

ijs. 

magna  Cattail 

iiijs. 

wyghton 

xxd. 

Topgraue 

...  ijs.  vid. 

Staynburne 

...  ijs.  vid. 

northdighton 

iijs.  iiijd. 

kirkby  malsard 

>xs. 

7.6. 

Libebtat' 

DE   RlPPON. 

westwike 

xvjd. 

Skelton 

iiijs. 

non  wyke 

iiijs. 

Thorpe 

...iijs.  vid. 

noth  Stanley 

iijs. 

newbye 

...  ijs.  vid. 

Kyndall 

vijs. 

hewyke 

iijs. 

Osmonderbye 

iiijs. 

Thornton 

vs. 

Sally 

iiijs. 

Sharbure 

iijs. 

Ingraththorpe 

iijs. 

Glothorme  cu'  | 
bishopton          J 

.. 

merkynton 

iijs.  iiijd. 

...             IJS. 

Stndley 

iijs.  iiijd. 

monkton 

iiijs. 

nydd 

iiijs. 

Ryppon 

xxxs. 

Grantley  cu'  \ 
Enyston         J 

iiijs. 

4.17.10. 

Libetat'  de  ] 

£nabesbubghe. 

Tymkyll 

iiijs. 

1      Clyent 

iiijs. 

Thurscrosse 

iiijs. 

1      Kyllinghall 

iiijs. 

148 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


Brearton 

Burton 

Erkendale 

ffernnam 

South  Stanley 

Staneley 

Screvyn 

Sutton 

Enaesburgh 


...ij6.  yj. 
iijs.  iiijd. 

iijs. 
iijs.  iiijd. 

iijs. 

iiijs. 

iiijs. 

...  ijs.  vjd. 

xijs.  iiijd. 


Burgbrigge  yjs.  viiijd. 

Aldeburgh  ...        vijs. 

mynskyppe  ...           vs. 

magna  usburne  ...          ijs. 

Bawcliffe  ...        iiijs. 

liunburton  iijs.  iiijd. 

kyrbye  Cattail  ...  ijs.  vjd. 
4.5.6. 


Wapont'  de  tickell  &  Stratford  cum  libetatibus. 


Bosington 

Brawell 

wombewell 

halton  magna 

Thrybergh 

Conysburgh 

Bawtrye 

harthill 

byllome 


iijs. 

iijs. 

viijs. 

iijs. 

ijs. 

iijs.  iiijd. 

viijs. 

vijs. 

ijs. 


balbye  et  Oxthorpe  iijs.  iiijd. 

Krymsfurth  ...  ijs.  vjd. 
Brampton  }  -. 

juxta  wath )  *"  J 

wath  ...  ijs.  vjd. 

warmsworth  ...         ijs. 

Bramley  ...         ijs. 

Ousterfeld  ...  ijs.  iijd. 

Bramcroft  ...  ijs.  vjd. 

alton  ...         ijs. 

vlley  ...         ijs. 

Eclesfeild  ...        vijs. 

amthorpe  ...         ijs. 

darfeld  ...       iiijs. 

Pygburne  p't  ...  ijs.  vjd. 

loversall  ...    ij.  vjd. 
Blakston  et  alkley  iiijs. 

Rawmarshe  ...  vs. 

edlington  ...  vs. 

Sandall  et  wheat  hey        vs. 

Bradfeld  ...        xxs. 

hatefeld  ...  vs. 

Toddwyke  ...  ijs.  vjd. 
kyrk  sandall  iijs.  iiijd. 

Clayton  ...         ijs. 
Barmby  sup  dunne  vjs.  viijd. 

ffyehelake  ...  vs.  iiijd. 

Thorne  ...iijs.  iiijd. 


11J8. 

.  ijs 
.iijs 

"jijs 


Cadebie 

Stubbes  ham'poll 

hoyton  pannell 

whyston 

Cantley 

langtwhate 

Treton 

Thrownstore 

Staynfurth 

hykylton 

Brampton  cu  math- 

ing 
ffrickley 
Banfeld 
doncaster 
hamesworth 
Aston  in  ye  morninge 
Anston 
heton  leveet 
Botheram 
Shelf  eld 
Warmsworth  et  \ 

Carhouse         { '"' 
Barnbrogh 
Bentley 
kymberworth 
Thorpealvyn  al.    )  ...     .... , 

dymydi  Bramton  ...        iijs. 


mjs. 

ijs. 

vjs. 
iiijs. 
iiijs. 
iiijs. 
iiijd. 

vjd. 
.  vjd. 
iiijs. 

.vjd. 

xxd. 

xxd. 

xxxs. 

vs. 

iiijs. 

iijs. 

xvjd. 

XX8. 
XX8. 

iijs. 

V8. 

XVJ8. 

VS. 


dimyd  wath 

Holland 

walles 

wentworth 

wykersley 

Sprodburgh 

Ryllyingley 

mexburghe 


...  ijs.  vjd. 

ijs. 

...    ij.  vjd. 

iijs.  iiijd. 

ijs. 

vjs.  viijd. 

xxd. 

vs. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


149 


Staynsall 

iijs.  iiijd. 

hoton  Roberto 

iijs. 

wadworth 

iiijs. 

maltby 

iijs. 

Swynton 

iiijs. 

Langhton  in  morn-] 

Bradsworth 

...iijs.  yjd. 

inge 

r              yd. 

marre 

iiijs. 

Scawsbye 

iijs. 

Bolton 

iijs.  iiijd. 

Tynslawe 

yijs. 

Adwykeupon 

dearneiijs.iiijd. 

hyghemelton 

iiijs. 

Athwyke  of  streets           vjs. 

Gresbrooke 

iijs.  iiijd. 

Staynton 

vs. 

Tykhill 

xxs. 

denybye 

...  ijs.  yjd. 

Langhton  pva 

...  ijs.  yjd. 

Stoynfeld 

xijd. 

21.6.4. 

Weapon'  db  Stainolif  cu  libetatibus. 

Brasvrell 

vs. 

preston 

iijs.  iiijd. 

hebden 

...    ij.  yjd. 

Scothorpe 

ijs. 

Thornton 

iiijs. 

kettylwell 

iiijs. 

newsom 

xijd. 

hawnlythe 

xijd. 

Bemyngton 

ijs. 

lynton 

ijs.  viijd. 

medhope 

ijs. 

Broughton 

iiijs. 

Gysbnrne 

iijs. 

Scladburne 

iijs.  viijd. 

Otterborne 

xijd. 

Esyngton 

ijs. 

Styrton 

ijs. 

ham'ton 

ijs. 

heirthlington 

i         ...          ijs. 

Conyston  in     ) 
kettlewell     j 

...  ijs.  yjd. 

ffernhill 

ijs. 

8kypton 

xs. 

helleffeld 

iijs. 

halton  west 

xxd. 

G-argrave 

iiijs. 

burnsall 

iijs. 

kyrkby 

xxd. 

Selesden 

iijs. 

Galton 

ijs. 

Adingham 

iijs. 

Ayrton 

...ijs.  iiijd. 

Glystrarne 

ijs. 

hetton 

ijs.  viijd. 

Conyston  in 

Graven         ijs. 

newton 

...       xxd. 

Pathorn 

ijs. 

horton 

xxd. 

hwkeswyke 

...    ij.  yjd. 

Carleton 

iijs.  iiijd. 

Esthton 

xvjd. 

Wygylsworth 

...  ijs.  vjd. 

Reykton 

...  ijs.  yjd. 

Staynfirth 

iijs. 

lamlyffe 

ijs. 

Bradley 

ijs. 

Kytton 

iijs.  iiijd. 

Gyrsington 

ijs.  viijd. 

Swendon 

...  ijs.  iiijs. 

Tresfeld 

...     ij.  xd. 

mallame 

iiijs. 

Apyltreweke 

iijs. 

Gygylswyke 

iiijs. 

Skybden 

yjd. 

Arncliffe 

ijs. 

halton  of  hill 

xxd. 

Crakeowe 

ijs. 

kyldwyke 

ijs. 

Bolton 

iiijs. 

Gollinge 

ijs. 

Rothemell 

ijs. 

Emsay 

ijs. 

8etteU 

iijs. 

Sutton 

ij. 

fflaxbye 

ijs. 

Steton 

ijs.  viijd. 

marton 

ijs.  viijd. 

kyghley 

ijs. 

pathnall 

...  ijs.  yjd. 

droughton 

...      xvjd. 

160 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


Bidden  ...         ijs.  waddyngton 

newton  in  bollande         iiijs.  mytton 

Crynglington         ...        iiijs.  Bashame 

bradfurth  ...        iiijs.  9.18.4. 

Weapon'  de  Yoworosse. 

liorton  inBibylsdale  ijs.  vjd.  Glaphame 

Burton  in  londysO     ..       .A  Ingleton 

dale  f    1J8*^d*  dente 

Awstwyke  ijs.  viijd.  Sedgbrge 

Benthame  ijs.  viijd.  27. 

Thornton  ...  ijs.  Sum'  tot 


iijs.  viijd. 

ijs. 

xxd. 


ijs.  viijd. 
iiijs. 
iiijs. 
iiijs. 


cxxli  xvs.  ijd. 


Dorksbu*  €xn%%t%. 


Stainland  Cross,  of  which  we  give  a  woodcut  by  permission 
of  Mr.  Birtwhistle,  is  thus  described  in  Crabtree's  Halifax:— 
"It  represents  a  saltier  or  St.  Andrew's  cross,  carved  on  a 
block  of  stone ;  the  block  is  scooped  out  in  the  form  of  a  cap, 
but  the  cover  that  was  formerly  attached  to  it  has  been  re- 
moved. The  shaft  is  circular  and  plain,  without  any  of  that 
rich,  uncouth  sculpture,  or  scroll  ornament,  which  antiquarians 
generally  attribute  to  Saxon  or  Danish  structures.  Its  height 
from  the  base  to  the  top  of  the  column  is  about  ten  feet,  the 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  161 

shaft  does  not  exceed  five  feet.  Neither  tradition  nor  history 
have  preserved  the  date  or  purpose  of  its  erection,  and  the 
oldest  inhabitant  only  knows  that  his  paternal  sire  spoke  of  it 
as  a  very  old  affair.  Since  therefore  we  are  left  in  the  dark 
on  the  subject,  we  may  indulge  in  a  harmless  antiquarian 
speculation ;  in  the  hope  that  it  may  induce  a  more  extended 
enquiry  among  those  who  are  qualified  to  form  an  opinion  on 
its  merits.  It  will  be  observed  that  one  of  the  peculiar  features 
of  this  structure  is  its  simplicity,  and  although  that  very 
circumstance  may  be  adduced  as  an  argument  in  favour  of  its 
antiquity,  the  fact  that  the  shaft  has  none  of  that  interlaced 
and  curious  tracery  work  before  referred  to  is  against  the  pro- 
bability of  a  Saxon  origin.  Old  Hearne,  the  antiquary,  tells 
us  that  '  among  us  in  Britain  crosses  became  most  frequent, 
when,  after  William  the  Conqueror's  time,  great  crusades  were 
made  into  the  Holy  Land.  Then  crossings  or  creasings  were 
used  on  all  occasions.  'Twas  not  looked  upon  as  enough  to 
have  the  figure  of  the  cross  both  on  and  in  churches,  chapels, 
and  oratories,  but  it  was  put  also  in  churchyards,  and  in  every 
house,  nay,  many  towns  and  villages  were  built  in  shape  of  it, 
and  it  was  very  common  to  fix  it  in  the  very  streets  and  high- 
ways." Crosses  were  not  uncommon  in  the  parish.  Watson 
mentions  one  in  Fixby,  which  he  seems  to  think  was  placed  by 
the  wayside,  '  according  to  the  superstition  of  the  times ; '  also 
'the  cross  of  Mankynholes,'  this  was  in  existence  prior  to  the 
Reformation,  and  the  presumption  is  that  all  of  them  were,  for 
it  was  the  custom  of  the  Romish  church  to  erect  crosses  in 
public  situations,  to  remind  the  traveller  of  his  religious  duties; 
so  far  Mr.  Watson's  conjecture  may  be  correct,  but  it  is  open 
to  doubt  whether  if  this  cross  had  been  used  as  a  symbol 
of  faith,  it  would  have  escaped  the  mistaken  zeal  of  the  Reform- 
ists; or  the  fanatical  fury  of  the  Puritans,  when. they  attacked 
Bradley  Hall,  had  there  been  a  tradition  that  it  was  originally 
placed  for  a  superstitious  use.  It  is  not  improvable  that  it  was 
originally  placed  for  a  superstitious  use.  It  is  not  improbable 
that  it  was  placed  there  to  mark  the  boundary  of  some  land. 
Crosses  were  made  use  of  in  former  times  for  this  purpose, 
particularly  where  lands  belonged  to  monasteries  or  religious 
houses,  and  it  is  certain  that  the  Knights  of  St.  John  of 
Jerusalem  had  lands  in  this  part  of  the  country,  as  also  the 
nuns  of  Kirklees.  There  is  a  statute  in  existence  to  prevent 
the  removal  of  these  species  of  landmarks.  Other  descriptions 
of  crosses,  called  memorial  crosses,  are  to  be  found  in  many 
parts  of  the  country,  but  being  in  general  erected  to  perpetuate 
a  particular  event,  tradition  has  preserved  the  history  of  their 
erection." 

At  present,  the  Stainland  cross  is  in  a  dilapidated  condition, 
and  ought  to  be  carefully  repaired  and  preserved  by  the  Local 


152  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

Board.  There  are  indications  of  other  crosses  in  Halifax 
parish,  and  the  Yorkshire  Calder  rises  near  a  place  in  Whalley 
parish,  named  Cross  i'  th'  Dean.  Gross-stone,  King's  Gross 
and  Stump  Gross  are  still  well  known.  Cross-leigh,  which 
gave  name  to  the  Crossley  family,  is  a  very  ancient  name.  In 
Huddersfield  parish  there  are  Crosslands,  and  along  the  Roman 
road  from  Manchester,  via  Cambodunum  (Slack,)  to  Walton 
cross  at  Hartshead,  there  are  several  hamlets  named  after  a 
cross  that  existed  in  the  vicinity.  The  stumps  of  the  fine 
crosses  at  Bastrick  and  Walton  are  still  in  existence.  The 
little  triangular  space  of  waste  land  on  which  the  latter  stands 
has  been  enclosed  by  Sir  George  Armytage,  Bart.,  as  a  pro- 
tection for  the  venerable  relic.  As  to  building  villages  in  the 
form  of  a  cross,  this  is  merely  imagination.  Villages  often 
rise  at  cross  roads  on  account  of  the  passing  traffic,  and 
necessarily  take  the  form  of  a  cross.  The  crosses  of  the 
Knights  of  St.  John,  so  far  as  I  have  observed,  and  there  are  ■ 
many  still  remaining,  are  sculptured  on  houses,  in  the  formn 
as  at  Coley,  Fairweather  green  (Bradford),  Harden,  &c. ™| 
Old  deeds,  especially  those  that  trace  parish  and  township 
boundaries  refer  to  numerous  crosses,  few  of  which  remain 
either  as  stumps,  or  in  name.  Where  these  still  exist,  of 
course,  we  know  the  design  was  to  mark  the  local  boundaries ; 
where  crosses  exist  in  market  places,  as  at  Bingley,  Hudders- 
field, and  nearly  all  old  market  towns,  it  is  manifest  that  they 
were  erected  to  secure  honesty  in  business  transactions ;  where 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


158 


they  are  in  the  vicinity  of  old  monasteries,  their  intention  was, 
probably  to  indicate  sanctuary  rights,  as  were  also  the  Dumb 
(or  doomed)  Steeples,  and  frith  stools,  one  of  which  we  recently 
saw  between  Whitby  and  Sandsend,  exactly  similar  to  the  one 
at  Beverley  as  shewn  in  the  woodcut. 


Where  the  crosses  are  in  the 
centre  of  a  village,  without  any 
church  or  market,  it  is  difficult 
to  give  a  general  reason  for 
their  erection.  There  is  a  fine 
specimen  of  such  an  one  at 
Okenshaw.  The  accompanying 
woodcut  represents  the  pedi- 
ment of  the  old  market  cross 
at  Bradford. 


The  East  Riding  is  even  richer  than  the  West  Biding  in 
remains  of  village  crosses. 

Near  Hedon  is  the  ancient  village  of  Eeyinoham,  which  has 
three  crosses,  one  in  the  village  street,  being  a  mere  stump 

upon  three 
steps.  A 
blank  shield 
is  on  each 
side  of  the 
base;  the 
shaft  disap- 
peared long 
ago.  The 
second    is 

known  as  St.  Philip's  cross,  being  in  a  field  west  of  the  town, 
near  St.  Philip's  well.  The  third  one  is  in  private  grounds, 
and  is  said  to  have  been  brought  hither  from  Lincolnshire.  It 
is  about  fourteen  feet  high,  and  in  good  .preservation,  as  will  be 
seen  from  our  woodcut.  [155.]  Around  the  capital  is  sculptured, 
though  now  considerably  worn,  the  inscription  "  Sit  Gfia  Jhu 
tibi "  (  Gloria  sit  tibi  Jesu).  The  most  interesting,  perhaps,  is 
the  historic  Bavenspurn  Cross,  which  formerly  stood  on  the 
now  submerged  Bavensburgh,  or  Bavenspurne,  (hence  the 
name  Spurn  Point),  or  Bavencross  bourne,  where  King  Henry 
IV.,  when  Duke  of  Lancaster  landed  in  1899.     This  cross 


164 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


probably  was  erected  iu  commemoration  of  the  event,  and 
supplanted  an  older  Haven  cross.  It  bears  several  figures  or 
effigies  at  the  bead.  As  the  sea  encroached  upon  Ravenspurn, 
the  cross  was  removed  to  Kilnsea,  where  it  remained  until 
1818,  when  it  was  removed  to  Burton  Constable,  owing  to  the 
threatened  destruction  of  Kilnsea  by  the  same  insatiable  de- 
voured. Kilnsea  Church  lost  one  half  of  its  structure  in  1826, 
the  remaining  portion  of  the  edifice  fell  into  the  sea  in  1881. 
From  Burton  Constable  the  ancient  cross  was  removed  to 
Hedon,  where  we  saw  it  a  year  ago,  in  the  garden  of  Mr. 
Watson,  Solicitor,  who  carefully  preserves  it  in  front  of  his 
mansion. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


155 


Keyinqham 


The  cross  at  Bwike  is  sup- 
posed to  be  coeval  with  the  an- 
cient convent  founded  in  early 
Norman  times.  It  is  now  in  a 
garden  near  the  church.  The 
base  measures  two  feet  square, 
and  the  shaft  is  two  feet  high. 


Hornsea, 


Swine. 

Around  Hornsea  are  several  in- 
teresting crosses.  That  of  Hobn- 
sea  (as  below)  is  in  Southgate,  and 
has  been  badly  used.  It  is  about 
eight  feet  in  height.  There  is  a 
more  modern  cross  in  Hornsea 
market  place.  North  Frodingham 
has  a  cross  erected  in  1811,  near 


156 


Y0RK8HIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


which  formerly  stood  the  pillory.  This  cross  is  a  substitute 
for  one  that  existed  here,  much  similar  to  the  Bradsbubton 
Gboss.  The  latter  stands  in  the  large,  open,  market  place, 
and  is  a  prominent  object  from  all  points.  Including  the  four 
plinth  steps,  the  height  is  about  fifteen  feet,  the  octagonal 
shaft  being  about  ten  feet.  It  bears  very  imperfect  traces  of 
ancient  sculptured  figures,  as  of  two  persons,  back  to  back, 
kneeling.  The  stocks  shewn  in  the  engraving  have  been 
removed. 

In  Skeffling  church-yard  is  the  shaft  of  an  ancient  cross. 

About  a  mile  from  Leven  church,  on  the  Beverley  roadi  is 
Whtteoboss,  an  exceeding  plain  structure,  near  which  is  a 
private  dwelling  with  gothic  windows,  looking  very  ecclesias- 
tical. In  the  old  church-yard  at  Leven,  was  found  a  beautifully 
sculptured  head  of  a  cross  about  five  centuries  old,  representing 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


167 


NUNKEELINO. 


Atwick. 


158 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


on  one  side  the  Crucifixion,  with  St.  John  and  the  Virgin ;  on 
the  other,  the  Virgin  and  Child,  St.  Catherine  and  another 
saint.  The  statement  that  this  is  the  head  of  the  Whitecross 
is  totally  false,  for  there  is  the  greatest  dissimilarity  in  design. 
The  sculptured  part  is  now  mounted  on  a  projection  within  the 
new  church  at  Leven,  over  the  south  door.     (Easter,  1886.) 

At  Rise  was  a  boundary  cross  in  1615,  known  as  Huddle 
cross. 

At  Nunkeelino,  about  a  quarter  of  a  mile  from  the  old 
priory  church  (founded  about  1150),  are  the  remains  of  a  plain 
cross  about  four  feet  high,  as  shewn  in  the  engraving. 

The  cross  of  Atwick  is  near  the  old  church,  and  seems  to 
have  borne  an  inscription  on  its  base,  but  we  could  not  dis- 
tinguish a  letter.  Including  the  three  massive  steps,  it  is 
about  fifteen  feet  in  height.  For  a  century,  the  constantly 
diminishing  distances  between  the  sea  cliffs  and  this  cross 
have  been  noted. 

Of  the  fine  cross  near  Whitby  Abbey,  and  other  North  Riding 
crosses,  we  must  write  in  a  future  article.  T. 


Holy  wells. — The  subject  of  Holy  wells  has  frequently 
cropped  up  in  the  pages  of  the  Folk-lore  section  of  the  York- 
shire  Notes  and  Queries,  and  as  a  contribution  to  the  full  history 
of  this  subject  I  send  you  the  following  notice,  with  accompa- 
nying woodcut,  of  the  Holy  well  at  Stainland.    The  part  of  the 


village  in  which  the  well  is  situated  has  always  been  known  as 
Helliwell,  and  from  this,  or  one  of  the  several  helliwells  of 
Halifax  parish,  an  old  family  takes  its  name.  The  Stainland 
well  is  known  as  St.  Helen's,  (a  common  dedication  for  wells,) 
and  near  it,  now  formed  into  cottages,  was  a  building  formerly 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


159 


used,  according  to  the  tradition,  as  a  popish  chapel.  A  large 
stone  on  one  of  the  walls  is  called  the  Gross,  and  Watson 
states  that  strangers,  supposed  to  be  papists,  sometimes  make 
pilgrimages  to  this  cross  and  well.  B. 

Roman  Altabs  at  Slack  and  Greetland.  Mr.  Watson,  more 
than  a  century  ago,  was  shewn  at  Slack,  the  site  of  the  Roman 
station  >Cambodunum  (Scamonden),  a  fine  altar  of  Fortune, 

which  had 
been  dis- 
covered in 
1786,  and 
which  he 
gave  to  Mr. 
Whitaker, 
the  Man- 
chester his- 
torian. The 
site  has 
been  exca- 
vated    in 

modern 
years,    by 
the  York- 
shire Arch- 

sological  Association,  with  most  satisfactory  results.  The 
reading  is  given  as  follows.  Fortunae  Sacrum.  Caius  Antoni- 
us  Modestus  Centurio  legionis  sextae  victricis  posuit  et  votum 
solvit  lubens  merito;  from  which  it  appears  to  have  been 
erected  by  C.  A.  Modestus,  centurion  of  the  sixth  or  conquer- 
ing legion, 
in  discharge 
of   a    vow. 

At  Greet- 
land, a  vo- 
tive altar 
was  found 
three  cent- 
uries ago, 
which  was 
seen  by  Mr. 

Camden 
when  on  a 
visit  of 
exploration 
in  these 
parts.      Sir 

Henry 


160  YORKBHIBE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

Savile,  of  Bradley  Hall,  and  John  Hanson,   of  Woodhouse, 
near  Brighouse,  rendered  valuable  antiquarian  assistance  to 
the  old  topographer.    The  altar  bears  the  inscription 
DVI    CI    BRIG 
ET    NVMM    GG 
T    AVR    AVRELIAN 
VS    DD    PRO    BE 
ET    8VI8    SMNGS 

On  the  reverse :—  ANTON 

III   ET    GETA 
COSS 

This  fixes  A.D.  208  as  the  date  of  erection.  The  inscription 
records  that  Titus  Aurelius  Aurelianus  dedicates  this  altar  to 
the  Gods  (Dui)  of  the  Brigantian  State,  and  to  the  Deities  of 
the  Emperor,  in  behalf  of  himself  and  his  family.  The  altar 
passed  from  the  Saviles  to  Sir  Robert  Cotton,  of  Conington,  in 
Cambridgeshire.  Horsley  saw  it  in  the  church  there,  but  it  is 
now  in  Trinity  College,  Cambridge.  An  interesting  notice  of  it 
appears  in  Hunter's  Notices  of  Clay  House,  (Yorks.  Archaeol. 
Journal,  Vol.  2.)  We  have  to  thank  Mr.  Birtwhistle  for  the 
two  woodcuts.  Ed. 


Halifax   Gibbet   Law. —  Mr.    Lister    kindly    forwards    the 
following,  which  he  has  recently  copied.     We  regret  we  did 
not  know  of  it  before  reprinting  the  Gibbet  Book.     It  will  be 
seen  that  the  woodcuts  fairly  represent  the  machine  here 
described. 
Harl.  M.S.,  785,  20.  10.  (written  in  a  16th  century  hand.) 
"  There  is  and  hathe  byne  of  anciente  tyme  a  lawe  or  rather 
a  Custome  at  Halifax,  that  whosoen  doth  Comitte  any  felonye 
and  is  taken  wth  the  same  or  confesse  the  facte  upon  examin- 
acon  yf  it  by  (sic)  valued  by  fower  counstables  to  amounts  to 
the  somme  of  thirtene  pence  halfe  penny,  he  is  forthwith  be- 
headed upon  the  nexte  market  daye  (wch  fall  usually  uppon 
the  tuesdaies  thursdays  &  saterdaies,)  or  ells  uppon  the  same 
daye  that  he  is  so  conuicted  yf  markete  be  then  holden.    The 
engine  wherewth  the  execution  is  done,  is  a  square  blocke  of 
woode  of  the  length  of  fower  foote  &  an  halfe,  wch  doth  ride 
npe  &  downe  in  a  slot,  rabet,  or  regalt  betwene  twoo  peeces  of 
tymber  that  ar  framed  &  set  upright  of  fyue  yards  in  height. 
In  the  nether  ende  of  the  slydinge  blocke  is  an  Axe  keyed  or 
fastened  wth  iron  into  the  wood,  wch  beinge  drawen  up  to  the 
top  of  the  frame  is  there  fastened  wth  a  woodden  pynne,  (the 
one  ende  set  one  a  peece  of  woode  wch  goethe  crosse  on  the 
twoo  rabets,  and  the  other  ende  beinge  lett  into  the  blooke, 
holdinge  the  axe,  wth  a  notche  made  into  the  same  after  ye 
mann  of  a  Sampson's  post,)  unto  the  middeste  of  wch  pynne 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  161 

there  is  a  long  rope  fastenede  that  oomeihe  downe  amonge  the 
people,  so  that  when  the  offendore  hathe  made  his  Confession, 
and  hathe  layde  his  neoke  ouer  the  nethermoste  blooke,  every 
man  there  present  dothe  eyther  take  holde  of  the  rope,  (or 
puttethe  foorthe  his  arme,  so  neere  to  the  same  as  he  can  get, 
in  token  yt  he  is  willinge  to  see  true  iustioe  executed,  and 
pnllinge  oote  the  pynne  in  this  manner,  the  head  blocke  wherin 
the  axe  is  fastenede  dothe  fall  downe  wh  suche  a  violence,  that  » 
if  the  necke  of  ye  transgressoure  were  so  bigge  as  that  of  a  bull 
yt  shoulde  be  cute  in  sunder  at  a  stroke,  and  roll  from  the 
bodye,  by  an  huge  distaunce.  If  it  be  so  yt  the  offendoure  be 
apprehended  for  an  oxe  or  oxen,  sheepe,  kyne  or  horse,  or  eny 
suche  cattell :  the  selfe  beaste  or  other  of  the  same  kinde,  haue 
the  end  of  the  rope  tyed  somwhere  unto  them  so  that  they 
drawe  oute  ye  pinne  wherby  the  offendore  is  executed.  /And 
thus  muche  of  Halifax  lawe,  wch  I  set  downe  onlie  to  shewe 
the  custome  of  yt  Country  in  this  behalfe." 

In  the  same  handwriting,  which  is  of  a  legal  character,  follow 
some  observations  on  the  Laws  of  England,  and  a  description 
of  titles  of  honour. 

Mbbibaux. — What  is  the  meaning  of  this  word,  as  given  in 
Heywood's  Diaries,  vol.  iii.,  p.  86. — "Its  verily  beleeved  by 
some  that  she  dyed  drunk,  for  she  had  drunk  six  meribauk 
pots  full  of  ale  that  day,  June  18,  1664."  J.  8. 

[Merry  Banks,  a  cold  Posset.    Bailey's  Dictionary.] 


Utortahnrrifr  of  WLzbtoaxtij  anb  Ronton. 

EXTRACTED   FROM   "  AlDRED's  MANUSCRIPTS." 

Will  of  Josias  Wordsworth,  of  Wadworth,  Yorks.,  Esq.,  dated 
15  Feb.,  1776,  (being  of  sound  disposing  mind  and  memory) 
directed  payment  of  all  his  just  debts  and  funeral  expenses, 
Mentions — Dear  daughter  Mary,  wife  of  Charles  Kent,  Esq., 
dear  daughter  Anne,  wife  of  Harry  Verelst,  Esq.,  sister  •  .  . 
Chauncy,  wife  of  William  Henry  Chauncy,  Esq.,  wife's  brother, 
the  Rev.  Arthur  Robinson  and  his  wife,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Algetor, 
wife's  sister  Mary  Robinson,  servant  Margaret  Hopkins,  Alice 
Rose;  appoints  wife  Executrix  thereof.  Witnesses  —  Simy 
Batty,  clerk  to  Mr.*  Wordsworth,  John  Lambert,  clerk  to 
Messrs.  Newton  and  Venables,  William  Hammond,  servant  to 
Mr.  Wordsworth.  Codicil  thereto  dated  10  Sept.,  1779,  devised 
his  farms,  lands,  and  hereditaments,  which  he  lately  purchased, 
situate  in  Aston  in  the  County  of  York,  from  the  Earl  of 
Holderness,  with  the  appurtenances,  unto  Harry  the  eldest  son 
of  his  daughter  Ann  Verelst,  in  fee  simple,  subject  to  an  estate 
to  the  said  Ann  Verelst  during  the  minority  of  her  said  son, 

Y.K.Q.  X 


162  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

and  to  a  charge  thereon  of  £2000  in  favour  of  the  brothers  and 
sisters  of  his  grandson  Harry  Verelst.  The  Testator  devised 
the  closes,  lands  and  hereditaments  which  he  lately  purchased 
of  Mrs.  Algetor  called  Hanging  Banks  and  Baysfield  in 
Sheffield,  with  the  appurtenances,  to  his  dear  wife  in  fee  simple. 
Witnesses — Jane  Sykes,  William  Hammond,  George  Broadrick. 
Further  Codicil  dated  28  Nov.,  1779,  devise  of  Testator's  farm, 
closes,  lands,  and  hereditaments  at  Hardwick  in  the  County  of 
York,  then  in  the  occupation  of  Joseph  Broadbent,  unto  his 
dear  wife  Ann  Wordsworth,  in  fee  simple.  Devises  his  estate 
in  the  Isle  of  Thanet  as  therein  mentioned  and  gives  £500  to 
each  of  his  said  two  daughters  Mary  Kent  and  Ann  Verelst. 
Witnesses— Geo.  Broadrick,  William  Hammond,  John  Holmes. 
Wills  and  Codicils  proved  P.  C.  C,  28  Sept.,  1780,  by  Mrs. 
Wordsworth. 

14  and  15  April,  1785.  Indentures  of  Lease  and  Release,  the 
Lease  made  between  Harry  Verelst  of  Aston  in  the  County  of 
York,  Esq.,  of  the  one  part  and  Robert  Gosling,  of  London, 
Esquire,  William  Henry  Chauncy,  of  Edgcott,  Northampton, 
Esquire,  and  Rev.  William  Mason,  of  Aston  aforesaid,  Clerk, 
of  the  other  part,  And  the  Release  made  between  the  same 
persons  as  are  parties  to  the  said  Lease,  affecting  all  that  the 
Manor  or  Lordship  or  reputed  Manor  or  Lordship  of  Aston 
aforesaid,  and  all  that  the  capital  and  other  messuages,  lands, 
tenements  and  hereditaments  of  him  the  said  Harry  Verelst, 
in  Aston  aforesaid,  or  in  Aughton  alias  Aigton,  Hardwick  or 
Hodwick,  Co.  York,  or  any  of  them  and  lately  purchased  of 
Robert,  late  Earl  of  Holderness,  and  also  all  that  moiety  or 
half  part  of  the  whole  into  two  equal  parts  to  be  divided,  of  all 
those  the  Manors,  messuages,  lands,  woods,  tenements,  and 
hereditaments,  lying  and  being  at  Wadworth,  Penistone,  and 
elsewhere  in  the  County  of  York,  with  the  appurtenances,  and 
late  the  estate  of  Josias  Wordsworth,  Esq.,  deceased.  Me- 
morial executed  by  the  said  Harry  Verelst  in  the  presence  of 
Christopher  Alderson,  of  Tickhill,  County  York,  clerk,  and 
William  Ball,  of  Rotherham,  gentleman,  and  registered  14 
May,  1785,  at  Wakefield. 

Yorkshire  to  wit.  John  Turner  against  Josias  Wordsworth 
for  £97  2s.,  debt.  Judgment  signed  the  11  Nov.,  1765.  Allowed 
for  costs  63s.  Witness  the  hand  of  Edwd.  Benton,  Junr.,  for 
Thomas  Owens,  Esq.,  Secondary  of  His  Majesty's  Court  of 
King's  Bench.    Registered  81  Jan.,  1766,  at  Wakefield. 

A  Memorial  of  a  Judgment  in  His  Majesty's  Court  of  King's 
Bench  at  Westminster,  of  Trinity  Term  in  the  84th  year  of  the 
reign  of  King  George  the  3rd,  between  Philip  Perkins  and 
Jane  his  wife,  Executors  of  the  last  Will  and  Testament  of 
Mary  Griffith  deceased,  plaintiffs,  and  Sir  Charles  Kent,  Bart., 
Executor  of  the  last  Will  and  Testament  of  Harry  Verelst, 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.        163 

Esq.,  defendant  in  a  plea  of  debt  for '£6600.  Judgment  was 
signed  in  the  above  cause  the  8th  August,  1794.  John  Clarke, 
assistant  to  the  Clerk  of  the  Judgments,  in  the  absence  of 
Robert  Forster,  Esq.,  Secondary.  Registered  7  Sept.,  1792,  at 
Wakefield. 

Wadworth.  Extract  from  the  Inclosure  Act.  "And  whereas 
Josias  Wordsworth,  Esq.,  is  Improprietor  of  the  corn  tithes 
and  patron  of  the  Vicarage  of  Wadworth,  within  the  Peculiar 
Jurisdiction  of  Wadworth  aforesaid." 

Will  of  Arthur  Robinson,  of  Kingston -upon-Hull,  Clerk, 
made  and  published  the  24  Oct.,  1792,  whereby  after  payment 
of  all  his  just  debts  he  gave  and  devised  his  messuage  and 
dwelling-house  wherein  he  then  dwelt,  with  the  appurtenances, 
in  Postern  Gate,  Kingston  aforesaid,  and  all  his  farms,  lands, 
tenements,  and  hereditaments  in  Sutton  in  Holderness,  and  all 
other  his  real  estate  with  the  appurtenances,  unto  his  wife 
Elizabeth  Robinson  for  life,  and  after  her  decease  unto  his 
Mends  Joseph  Sykes  of  West  Ella,  Kingston-upon-Hull,  Esq., 
the  Bev.  John  Bourne  of  the  Charter  House,  same  town,  Clerk, 
and  William  Travis  of  same  town,  Merchant,  their  heirs  and 
assignees,  upon  trust  for  sale  and  pay  the  proceeds  thereof  as 
to  one  moiety  to  Testator's  sister,  Ann  Wordsworth,  absolutely, 
and  the  other  moiety  to  Testator's  other  sister  Mary  Robinson, 
absolutely.  The  Testator  gave  to  his  said  wife  the  use  of  his 
plate  for  life,  and  after  her  decease,  equally  between  his  said 
sister  Mary  Robinson  and  his  two  nieces — Dame  Mary  Kent 
and  Ann  Verelst.  Mentions — sister  Mrs.  Agnes  Thompson,  of 
Brompton  Row,  Knightsbridge,  Miss  Mary  Agnes  Lillington, 
respected  Mend  the  Rev.  Mr.  Mason  of  Ashton,  York,  Clerk. 
Witnesses — Josiah  Prickett,  Attorney  at  Law,  of  Hull,  Nath. 
Holmes,  Junr.,  his  Clerk,  Joseph  Cawthron,  servant  to  the  said 
Arthur  Robinson.    Proved  Prerogative  Court  of  York. 

Original  Affidavit  of  Mrs.  Yerelst. 

Verbatim  et  literatim. 

"  Wordsworth  Pedigree." ' 

Josias  Wordsworth  =p  Sarah 
of  Water  Hall,  Esq. 
Died  after  1706 


A          |  1st  wife                    |    B               2nd  wife 

John  Wordsworth  Ruth  =pElias  Wordsworth=7=Ann  Milner 

of  Burton  Grange,  Baynes      of  Sheffield,  born 

Esq.,  born  8  Feb.  in  1668,  died 

1657,  died  about  about  1724 
1709 


164 


YOBKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


c  I 

Josias  Wordsworth 
afterwards  of  Lon- 
don, Esq.,  born  16 
April,  1691,  died 
in  174! 

I 


I   D 

Samuel  Wordsworth 

of  London,  Esq., 

born  in  Nov.,  1701 

died  sans  issue  in 

1774 


Anne  Wordsworth 
born  July  30, 1717 

married  Peter 

Christopher  Algetor 

died  sans  issue 

about  1794 


Josias  Wordsworth    =p    Ann  Robinson 


the  yor  of  Wadworth,  Esq. 
died  in  June,  1780,  des- 
cribed in  his  father's  will 
as  his  eldest  son 


died  in  Nov.,  1814, 

Vide  Probate 
buried  at  Wadworth 


Mary  Ann 

married  Sir  Charles  married  Henry 
Kent,  Bart.,  died  in  Verelst,  Esq., 
Sept.,  1817,  buried  and  now  living 
at  Wadworth 
Ann  Verelst,  of  Holywell  in  the  County  of  Hants,  widow, 
maketh  oath  and  saith  that  the  Josias  Wordsworth  the  younger, 
of  Wadworth  in  the  County  of  York,  Esquire,  in  the  foregoing 
pedigree  last  named  and  therein  stated  to  have  died  in  June, 
1780,  was  this  deponent's  father  and  the  late  husband  of  Ann 
Wordsworth,  widow,  this  deponent's  mother,  to  whom  he 
devised  in  fee  his  freehold  estate,  situate  in  Dunster  Court  and 
in  Mincing  Lane  and  Mark  Lane  in  the  city  of  London,  and 
saith  that  the  6aid  Josias  Wordsworth  was  the  eldest  son  and 
heir  at  law  of  Josias  Wordsworth  of  London,  Esquire,  and  the 
eldest  grandson  and  heir  of  John  Wordsworth  of  Barton 
Grange,  Esquire,  and  the  great  grandson  and  heir  of  Josias 
Wordsworth,  of  Water  Hall,  Esquire,  all  severally  named  in 
the  above  pedigree,  and  saith  that  the  said  Josias  Wordsworth 
the  younger  was  the  cousin  and  heir  at  law  of  Samuel  Words- 
worth of  London,  Esquire,  and  of  his  sister  Anne  Wordsworth 
afterwards  Anne  Algetor,  widow,  in  the  said  pedigree  named, 
who  were  the  children  of  Elias  Wordsworth  a  younger  son  of 
the  said  Josias  Wordsworth  of  Water  Hall,  Esq.,  first  named, 
which  said  Samuel  Wordsworth  and  Anne  Algetor,  widow,  both 
died  without  issue.  Viz.  the  said  Samuel  Wordsworth  in  the 
year  1774,  and  the  said  Anne  Alegtor  about  the  year  1794 : 
(signed)  "  Ann  Verelst."  Sworn  at  the  Public  Office,  South- 
ampton Buildings,  Chancery  Lane,  London,  this  19th  day  of 
July,  1818,  before  me  (signed)  "  Jas.  Stopler." 

Parish  Church,  Penis  tone.    York.    Baptisms. 
A.    Johannes  filius  Josice  Wordsworth  natus  Febr.  8  et 
baptizatus  fuit  Dartoni©  Febr.  16,  1657* 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  165 

B.  Elias  filius  Josi®  Wordsworth  Jan.  24,  1668. 

C.  JosiaB  filius  Johis  Wordsworth  de  Barton  Grange,  natus 
Apri.  3,  bapt.  May  19,  1691. 

Parish  Church,  Sheffield. 

D.  Baptizati  1701,  mense  Novemb.  Samuel  filius  Eli® 
Wordsworth  Mercer  de  ead. 

E.  Anne  daugr.  of  Elias  Wordsworth,  Mercer,  born  July 
30,  bapt.  September,  1717. 

F.  Will  of  Josias  Wordsworth  late  of  the  parish  of  Saint 
Dunstan  in  East  London,  Esquire,  dated  March,  1748,  devised 
all  his  Beal  Estate  to  his  wife  Mary  Wordsworth  for  life, 
mentions  eldest  son  Josias  Wordsworth.  Proved  P.  C.  C.  26 
Jany.,  1749. 

Bill  of  Complaint  filed  in  Chancery  in  the  Suit  of  Calcraft  v. 
Cook  in  Vice  Chancellor  Stuart's  Court.  Beoites  Indentures 
of  Lease  and  Belease  dated  respty.  29  and  80  Jany.,  1812, 
between  Ann  Wordsworth  of  the  1st  part,  Dame  Mary  Kent, 
Widow,  of  the  2nd  part,  and  Sir  Charles  Egleton  Kent,  Bart., 
of  the  8rd  part.  Will  of  Ann  Wordsworth  dated  8th  July,  1809, 
Codicil  thereto  dated  17  Aug.,  1810.  Her  death  on  19  Nov., 
1814,  and  proof  of  Will  and  Codicil  on  2  June,  1815,  in  the 
proper  Ecclesiastical  Court.  Further  recitals  (1)  Indenture 
dated  81  May,  1815,  between  Dame  Mary  Kent  of  the  one  part 
and  Sir  Charles  Egleton  Kent  of  the  other  part.  (2)  Death  of 
Dame  Mary  Kent  in  September,  1817,  leaving  three  children 
only,  Dame  Mary  Thorold,  wife  of  Sir  John  Hayford  Thorold, 
Bart.,  Louisa  Elizabeth,  wife  of  John  Litchford,  Esq.,  and 
Sarah  Ann,  wife  of  Leonard  Walbanke  Childers,  Esq.  (8) 
Death  of  Dame  Mary  Thorold  in  month  of  Dec,  1829,  in  life- 
time of  husband  leaving  Sir  John  Charles  Thorold,  Bart.,  her 
only  son  and  heir  at  law  and  sole  next  of  kin  her  surviving. 
(4)  Indenture  dated  14  June,  1848,  between  John  Litchford 
and  Louisa  his  wife,  of  the  one  part,  and  the  Plaintiffs  to  this 
Suit  of  the  other  part.  (5)  Death  of  Leonard  Walbanke  Childers 
many  years  ago  leaving  his  wife  him  surviving,  (6)  Will  of 
Sir  Charles  Egleton  Kent  dated  25  July,  1818,  and  Codicil 
thereto  dated  27  Aug.,  1880,  his  death  on  5  Dec,  1884,  and 
proof  in  proper  Ecclesiastical  Court.  (7)  An  Order  of  his 
Honor  Vice  Chancellor  Sir  John  Stuart  in  "  the  matter  of  the 
mortgaged  and  trust  estates  of  Ann  Wordsworth  of  Wadworth, 
widow,  deceased,  and  in  the  mattaj  of  the  Trustee  Act,  1850," 
dated  21  Dec,  1852.  The  action  was  for  an  Injunction  and 
damages,  costs  and  expenses. 

The  Manor  of  Dorking,  Surrey.  Court  Baron  of  the  Hon* 
Charles  Howard  and  Abraham  Eucker,  Esq.,  Lords  of  the 
Manor,  holden  Friday  28rd  October,  1747,  by  Thomas  Harris, 
Gentleman,  Steward,  there  it  is  enrolled  thus — That  at  that 
Court  the  2nd  proclamation  was  made  for  the  heir  or  heirs  of 


166  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

Lambert  Ludlow,  late  of  Bansted,  Surrey,  Esq.,  deceased, 
claiming  title  to  All  thoae  Copyhold  Estates  therein  particularly 
specified  within  this  Manor  to  come  and  take  the  same  out  of 
the  Lords  of  this  Manor.  And  that  at  that  Court  Josias 
Wordsworth  of  London,  Esq.,  and  Mary  his  wife,  Joshua  Smith 
of  Battersea,  Surrey,  Esq.,  and  Anne  his  wife,  and  Elizabeth 
Hawkins  the  widow  and  relict  of  Philip  Hawkins,  Esq.,  deceased 
(which  said  Mary,  Anne,  and  Elizabeth  were  the  sisters  and 
coheiresses  of  the  said  Lambert  Ludlow)  by  Bichard  Glover 
their  next  friend  came  and  humbly  prayed  that  they  the  said 
Mary,  Anne  and  Elizabeth  might  be  admitted  tenants  of  the 
Lords  of  this  Manor  to  the  said  Copyholds  with  their  appur- 
tenances. And  the  Lords  by  their  Stewards  granted  them  and 
their  heirs  for  ever  admission  as  coparceners  subject  to  the 
fines,  rents,  heriots  and  services. 

[This  proves  that  Josias  Wordsworth  of  London,  Esq.,  mar- 
ried Mary  Ludlow,  although  not  shown  in  Affidavit  of  Mrs. 
Verelst.] 

Jolliffe    Indenture  of  Bargain  and  Sale  dated  23  May,  1768, 

and       between  John  Jolliffe  of  Petersfield,  in  the  County 

Baven     of  Southampton,  Esquire,  and  William  Jolliffe  of 

(7)        same  place,  Esquire,  eldest  son  of  the  said  John 

Jolliffe  of  the  one  part  and  Robert  Baven  of  the 

Liberty  of  the  Bolls,  Middlesex,  Gentleman,  of  the  other  part. 

Whereby  (interalia)  All  that  Messuage  or  Tenement  with  the 

appurtenances  situate  in  Ewell,  Surrey,  abutting  on  the  road 

leading  from  Ewell  to  Bansted  on  the  south-west  part,  on  Ox 

Lane  on  the  north-east  part  and  on  Ewell  Common  Field  on 

the  south-east  part  is  stated  in  the  tenure  of  Mary  Wordsworth, 

widow.     [The  above,  formerly  Mary  Ludlow.] 

(Extracts  from  these  MSS  to  be  continued.) 


ACKWOBTH    BEGISTEBS.— 1586-1600. 

by  the  rev.  j.  l.  saywell,  f.b.h.s. 

Mabbiages,  1586. 
Thomas  Bishworth  and  Margery  Austwicke,  married  Oct  9. 
Thomas  Folds  and  Anne  Howet,  October  16. 
Willm  Waringe  and  Isabell  Foster,  Febry.  27. 
[No  deaths  recorded.] 

Baptisms,  1587. 


Anne  Grenfelde,  baptised  Julie 

16. 
Willm  Jackson,  Julie  20. 
Anne  Whiticars,  August  20, 


Elizabethe  Azacher(?)  Septemb. 

80. 
Bichard  Ashe,  October  20. 
Anne  Bawson,  Novemb.  27. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


167 


Elizabethe  Helilaye,  Septemb. 

21. 
Alis  Huntingden,  Septemb.  25. 


Willm  Biggliskirke,  Decemb.  8. 
Elizabethe  Horncastle,  Janua- 

riel3. 
Henrye  Wilson,  Februarie  18. 
Marbiages. 

Richard  Lyard  and  Elizabethe married  October  29. 

.  John  Austwicke  and  Katheryne  Pickeringe,  Novemb.  6. 
Bic  Breman  and  Ursula  Rawlin,  Maye  28. 
Edward  Swallowe  and  Elizab.  Shillito,  Jannarie  80. 

Willm  Wood  and  Elizabethe ,  

Robt.  Usher  Rector  presented  to  ye  Living  by  Q.  Eliz.  Feb. 

1588.     How  long  he  held  this  Living  is  uncertain,  but  he 

resigned  it  for  the  Living  of  Bulmor,  &  was  succeeded  by  Will 

Lambe  who  was  presented  by  Q.  Eliz.  also.* 

[No  burials  recorded.] 

Baptisms,  1588. 


George  Howet,  baptised  Marche 

28. 
Willm  Prince,  Marche  29. 
George  Thackera,  Aprill  10. 
Anne  Hawet,  May  8. 
Willm  Aspiner,  August  20. 
George  Shillito,  August  25. 
Richard  Grene,  Septemb.  21 
Richard  Bramham,  Septemb. 22 


Elizabeth  Corker,  Decemb.  11. 
Henrye  Austwicke,  Decemb.  18. 
John  Whiticars,  Januarie  15. 
Richard  Folds,  Februarie  1. 
Mary  Hawksworth,  Februarie 

24. 
Richard  Adamson,  Marche  12. 
Emmat  Bidiall,  Marche  21. 
Willm  Dobson,  Marche  24. 


Makbiages. 

Thomas  Smithe  and  Alis  Burton,  married  June  28. 
Willm  Simson  and  Kathyn  Brigs,  Julie  28. 
Edward  Heaton  and  Isabell  Emson,  August  11. 
Edward  Eshe  and  Alis  Beoket,  Janua  11. 
Jo.  Bidiall  and  Agnes  Folds,  Janua  21. 
Bubialls. 


Elizabethe  Harde,  buried  Aprill 

7. 
Jane  Dodgson,  Aprill  16. 
Robert  Hall,  Maye  28. 
Margret  Hall,  Maye  27. 
Jennet  Heaton,  June  1. 
John  Scholaye,  June  11. 
Leonard  Wetherhead,  June  28 
Anne  Scholayn,  Julie  15. 
Robert  Watson,  Septemb.  8. 
Uxor*  Farrand,  Septemb.  12. 
Ellin  Ashe,  Septemb.  24. 


Esabell  Mallerye,  Septemb.  24. 
George  Hawet,  Septemb.  29. 
Richard  Ashe,  Ootober  12. 
Richard  Bramam,  October  12. 
Thomas  Grene,  October  26. 
Francis  Crawshaye,Novemb.26. 
Mary  Shaye,  Decemb.  24. 
Gilbert  Shawe,  Januarie  6. 
Margret  Folds,  Januarie  81. 
Jennet  Barker,  Februarie  7. 
Richard  Folds,  Marche  18. 


•  Tone  makes  Robt.  Usher's  successor  to  be  "  Joh  Wilson  (resigned  for 
the  Rectory  of  Bnlmer),"  Will  Lambe  being  inducted  "  16  Jan  1594." 

•  "  Uxor"  of  course  means  "the  wife  of ,"  but  it  is  possible  it  may 

btve  been  used  in  the  same  way  as  "  Dame  "  in  later  times. 


168 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


Anne  Bower,  baptised  Aprill  18 
George  Padget,  Aprill  20. 
Margret  Padget,  Aprill  20. 
Dennys  Lake,  June  1. 
Bic.  &  Tho.  Halilaye,  June  18. 
Willm  Bidiall,  June  14. 
John  Bramham,  August  18. 
Henrye  Bushell,  August  24. 
Richard  Aspiner,  August  24. 


Baptisms,  1589. 


Willm  Heaton,  Septemb.  7. 
Willm  Simeon,  Septemb.  8. 
Betteris  Eshe,  Septemb.  26. 
Jane  Eshe,  Septemb.  80. 
George  Swallowe,  Novemb.  12. 
Boger  Grenfeld,  Januarie  11. 
Anne  Thacker,  Januarie  18. 
Francis  Waringe,  Januarie  18. 
Anne  Howet,  Marche  4. 


Mabkiaoks. 
Thomas  Shawe  and  Jane  Robinson,  married  Septemb. 
Tho.  Stillinge  and  Alis  Binglaye,  Decemb.  29. 
Mathewe  Dodgson  and  Anna  Peele,  Januarie  20. 
Willm  Smithe  and  Jane  Sandson,  Januarie  8. 
Richard  Banold  and  Margret  Mason,  Januarie  9. 

Burialls. 


14. 


Jennet    Horncastle,    buried 

Aprill  4. 
Margret  Folds,  Maye  28. 
Willm  Austwicke,  Senr., 


Maye 


Marye  Paslaye,  June  4. 
Agnes  Mason,  June  8. 
Bic.  &  Tho.  Halilaye,  June  16. 
Isabell  Pickeringe,  June  24. 
Grace  Robinson,  Julie  1. 

Baptisms, 
Bichard  Shawe,  baptised  Maye 

5. 
Mary  Benold,  baptysed  Maye  10 
Francis  Corker,  Maye  81 
Hen.  &  Mary  Horncastle,  June 

20. 
Alis  Bigliskirke,  October  7 
John  Mallerye  October  18, 


Isabell  Rawson,  Julie  29. 
Willm  Heaton,  October  28. 
Agnes  Redman,  Novemb.  8. 
Anne  Becket,  Novemb.  19. 
Alexander  Johnson,    Januarie 


Willm  Ridiall,  Januarie  26. 
John  Ashe,  Februarie  12. 
Robert  Jackson,  Marche  15. 

1590. 
William  Dodgson,  Novemb.  22. 
Thomas  Gawood,  Decemb.  6. 
Anne  A  damson,  Decemb.  8. 
Elizabethe  Ward,  Februarie  6. 
Alice  Dodgson,  Februa  7. 
Willm  Scholaye,  Februa  14. 
John  Norton,  Marche  21. 


Mabriaoe8. 

Jo.  Munket  and  Jane  Brigs,  married  Aprill  26. 
Rob.  Midleton  and  Jane  Jarcks,  June  24. 
Rich.  Pickeringe  and  Alis  Wager,  August  6. 
Rob.  Brodhead  and  Sibbell  Watts,  August  28. 
George  Isat  and  Emmat  Eliot,  Novemb.  16. 

Burialls. 


/  Maria  Benold,  buried  June  6. 
Edward  Austwicke,  Julie  25. 
Bichard  Gorbrige,  August  6. 
Anne  Prince,  August  9. 


Mary  Foores,  Novemb.  8. 
Jennet  Saunder,  Decemb.  11. 
Mathewe  Dodgson,  Decemb.  27 
Lawrence  Whiticars,  Januarie  1 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


John  Roods,  August  80. 
Margret  Walker,  Septemb.  18. 
John  Whythead,  Septemb.  19. 
Lionell  Wormall,  Octob.  8. 
Christopher  Bobinson,  Ootob.14 
John  Mallerye,  Octob.  81. 
Anne  Morlaye,  Novemb.  8. 

Bapptisms, 


Willm  Simson,  Januarie  1. 
Rowland  Scryvyner,  Febrnarie 

21. 
Agnes  Horner,  Marche  14. 
Margret  Burton,  Marche  21. 
Willm  Bushell,  Marche  24. 


1591. 


Robert  Hawksworthe,  baptysed 

Aprill  15. 
John  Wilson,  Aprill  20. 
Margerye  Folds,  Aprill  22. 
Alis  Sunderland,  Aprill  25. 
Ursulaye  Fernlaye,  Julie  21 


John  Brears,  August  7. 

Jane  Padget,  Novemb.  18. 

Jane  Wilkinson,  Novemb.  2G 

Annes  Grene,  Februa  18. 

Marye  Simson,  Februa  21. 

Anne  Cawood,  Marche  24. 
Marriages. 
Francis  Noble  and  Anne  Roberts,  married  Aprill  20. 
Leonard  Brooke  and  Eathe.  Maser,  Novemb.  81. 
Richard  Fricklaye  and  Margret  Ellis,  Decemb.  7. 
Witworth  Wilkinson  and  Ann  Austwicke,  Januarie  24. 
Bubialls. 


Margret   Horncastle,    buried 

Aprill  2. 
Willm  Bigliskirke,  Aprill  22. 
Alis  Dodgson,  Maye  2. 
Isabell  Fricklaye,  Maye  5. 
Margret  Bigliskirke,  Maye  29. 
John  Aspiner,  June  24. 
Marye  Manser,  August  8. 
John  Renold,  August  25. 
Thomas  Howet,  Septemb.  9. 
Allan  Wyse,  Septemb.  11. 
Richard  Howet,  Septemb.  19. 


Agnes  Tiplin,  October  24. 
Margaret  Scholaye,  Novemb.  7. 
Uxor  Scryvyner,  Novemb.  12. 
Anne  Howet,  Novemb.  16. 
Willm  Burton,  Novemb.  17. 
Sibbell  Waun  and  Eli  Smythe, 

buried  Decemb.  6. 
Margret  Jackson,  Januarie  5. 
George  Heaton,  Janua.  28. 
Willm  Corker,  Februa  18. 
Isabell  Huntingden,  Februa  27* 
Jane  Johnson,  Marche  4. 


Mary    Whiticars,    baptysed 

Marche  26. 
Elizabeth  Renold,  Marche  28. 
Alis  Bigliskyrke,  Marche  28. 
Mary  Mallerye,  Marche  80. 
Thomas  Dodgson,  June  25. 
Anne  Midleton,  Julie  29. 
George  Norton,  August  24. 


Bapty8HS,  1592. 


Robert  Heaton,  Novemb.  10. 
John  Parker,  Januarie  7. 
Willm  Grenfeld,  Februarie  2. 
Alis  Ridiall,  Februarie  4. 
Jane  Wilkinson,  Februarie  8. 
Robt.  Fearnlaye,  Februarie  24* 
Isabell  Tailior,  Marche  2. 
Henrye  Simson,  Marche  16. 


Marriages. 
Thomas  Mallinson  and  Emot*  Brathawat,  married  June  7. 
Bobt.  Glyfe  and  Anne  Nelson,  Auguste  6. 
Richard  Folds  and  Isabell  Mason,  Novemb.  20. 

*  This  name  is  spelt  Emot,  Ernst,  Emmat,  and  Emmet  in  various  places, 
ud  it  equivalent  to  the  modern  "  Emma." 


170 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


BUBIALLS. 


Marye  Simson,  buried  Aprill  5. 
Anne  Brigs,  Maye  14. 

Ellin ,  June  6. 

Marye  Austwicke,  Julie  12. 
Willm  Dobson,  Julie  29. 
Elizabethe  Adamson,  August  11 
Anne  Midleton,  August  14. 
Anne  Prince,  August  21. 
Jane  Scholaye,  Septemb.  16. 

Baptysms, 


Willm  Bcholaye,  Novemb.  11. 
Eatheryne  Norton,  Novemb.  28 
Edward  Heaton,  Decemb.  12. 
Agnes  Wormall,  Decemb.  16. 

John ,  Januarie  28. 

Alice  Blackburne,  Februarie  10 
Willm  Hobson,  Februarie  22. 
Margret  Padget,  Marcbe  2. 


1598. 


Anne  Drowrye,  baptysed  Aprill 

25. 
Elizabethe  Thacker,  June  17 
Alis  Cawood,  Julie  29. 
Isabell  Folds,  Septemb.  16. 


JennetBlackburne,  Septemb.  21 
Robert  Ward,  October  7. 
Willm  Hawksworth,  October  14 
Richard  Norton,  Novemb.  17. 


Bubials. 


Robert  Bidiall,  buried  Marche  25 
Margaret  Redman,  Marche  26 
Isabell  Taliour,  Marche  30. 
Alis  Bigliskirke,  Aprill  4. 
Mary  Eshe,  Aprill  25. 
Edmund  Brigs,  Aprill  21. 
Willm  Grenfeld,  Aprill  29. 
Isabell  Eshe,  Maye  6. 
Jo.  Bell  and  Anne  Dodgson, 

Maye  9. 
Jennet  Bigliskirke,  June  7. 
Margaret  Renold,  Julie  14. 
Anne  Cawood,  Julie  20. 


John  Jinkinson,  August  19. 
Edward  Bushell,  August  24. 
Richard  Fricklaye,  Septemb.  27 
Isabell  Folds,  Septemb.  80. 
Alice  Robinson,  October  8. 
Margret  Bryers,  Novemb.  25. 
Marye    Ward's    2    children, 

Decemb.  2. 
John  Ridiall,  Decemb.  9. 
Edward  Eshe,  Decemb.  9. 
John  Turker,  Decemb.  25. 
Elizabethe  Aspiner,  Januarie  80 


Willm  Lamb,  Rectr,  presented  to  this  Living  by  Queen  Eliz. 
in  Januarie,  1594.* 

Baptisms,  1594. 


Robert  Bushell,  baptysed  Aprill 

14. 
Tho.  and  Jennet   Bigliskirke, 

Aprill  14. 
Thomas  Norton,  Maye  1. 
Jane  Taliour,  Maye  16. 
Margerye  Williamson,  June  15. 
Nathaniel  Wilson,  Julie  28. 
Robt.  Cawood,  August  21. 
Eliz.  Wilkinson,  August  21. 


Batholomewe  Heather,  August 
25. 

Marye  Bentlaye,  Septemb.  29. 

Elizabethe  Adamson,  Decemb.  2 

Stepen  Folds,  Decemb.  25. 

Timothye  Parker,  Januarie  12. 

Willm  Briers  and  Margret  Big- 
liskirke, Januarie  12. 

Robert  Norton,  Februarie  9. 

Willm  Wilkinson,  Marche  28. 


*  There  is  no  mention  of  the  induction  of  Willm  Lamb's  predecessor  Joh. 
Wilson. 


YOBKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


171 


Bobert  Wormall,  buried  Maye  12 
Arthur  Feamlaye,  Maye  14 
John  Eshe,  Januarie  19. 


Bubiallb. 


Willm  Hawksworthe,  Marohe  7. 
John    Huntingdon,    Junr.y 
Marche  12. 


Baptisms,  1595. 


Alis  Drowiy,  baptysed  Aprill  6. 
Jane  Whyticars,  Aprill  28. 
Thomas  Thacker,  Maye  4. 
George  Austwicke,  Maye  11, 
Willm  Dodgson,  June  18. 
George  Chauntrye,  Maye  11 
Francis  Simson,  Maye  11. 


Willm  Austwicke,  Pebrua  18. 
Ellin  Alderslaye,  Aprill  18. 
Stephen  Folds,  June  6. 
Jennet  Dodgson,  Auguste  81. 
Willm  Kawson,  Septemb.  12. 
Jo.  Broadlaye  and  Willm  Bent- 
laye,  October  15. 


[No  Marriages  or  Burials  recorded  in  1595.] 
Bapttsms,  1596. 


Francis    Wilkinson,    baptysed 

Maye  1. 
John  Hawksworthe,  Maye  10, 
Thomas  Parke,  Maye  20. 
Anne  Howet,  October  80. 
Alis  Glyfe,  Septemb.  80. 


Sibbel  Alderslaye,  August  18. 
Franncisca  Folds,  Novemb.  21. 
George  Kaye,  Januarie  1. 
Hughe  Bushell,  Januarie  2. 
Margrett  Wills,  Januarie  10. 
Marye  Wrilliamson,  Februarie  2 


Bobert  Wills,  buried  Julie  28 
John  Shawe,  October  28. 
Uxor  Brooke,  Septemb.  2. 
Thomas  Huntingden,  Januarie 
10. 


BURIALLS. 


Uxor  Boyds,  Januarie  20. 
Marye  Williamson,  Februarie  8 
Marye  More,  Marche  10. 


Bapttsms,  1597. 


Willm    Blackburne,    baptysed 

Marche  29. 
Elizabethe  Smythe,  Aprill  14. 
Anne  Gla(y)ton,  Aprill  80. 
Henrye  Cawood,  Maye  26. 
Thomas  Austwicke,  Julie  18. 
Marye  Bentlaye,  October  2. 
Marye  Cawood,  Septemb.  10. 


Henrye  Wilkinson,  Septemb.  8. 
Willm  Lambe,  October  9. 
Susan  Chauntrye,  Januarie  20. 
Grace  Nelson,  Januarie  25. 
George  Shilito,  Marche  5. 
Anne  Williamson,  Marche  12. 
Anne  Baytman,  Marche  12. 


Marriages. 
Thomas  Cawood  and  Jane  Howet,  married  June  12. 
Bo.  Norton  and  Eliz.  Stillings,  Octob.  9. 
Willm  Jackson  and  Ellin  Bobinson,  Decemb.  27. 
Bob.  Hugh  and  Anne  Brigs,  Decemb.  5. 

Burialls. 


George  Izat,  buried  Aprill  8. 
Anne  Pyke  (?)  Aprill  6. 
Hugh  Bushell,  Aprill  8. 
Marye  Austwicke,  June  6. 
Uxor  Jackson,  June  9. 


Uxor  Clyfe,  Julie  14. 
Willm  Wryght,  Maye  28. 
Henrye  Cawood,  August  18. 
Henrye  Smythe,  Marohe  21. 


172  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

Marriages,  1598. 
Thomas  Gott  and  Jane  Nut,  married  Januarie  8. 
John  Garnar  and  Emat  Izat,  Februarie  12. 
Thomas  Stagg  and  Alis  Bedforthe,  Februarie  12. 
Robt.  Paslaye  and  Anne  Shan,  August  10. 
Lionell  Prince  and  Isabell  Norton,  Novemb.  12. 
John  Shillito  and  Jane  Norton,  Deoemb.  8. 
Baptysmb. 


Willm  Norton,  fil  Bobt.,  bap 

tysed  Maye  21. 
Thomas  Clyfe,  Septemb.  8. 
Jervas  Bigliskirke,  Septemb.  17 
Margret  Parkinson,  Septemb.17 
Marye  Bigliskirke,  October  1. 
Henrye  Warde,  October  29. 
Isabel  Dodgson,  October  29. 

Bubialls. 


Anne  Austwicke,  Novemb.  12. 
Margret  Hugh,  Novemb.  24. 
Ann  Aspiner,  Decemb.  28. 
Alis  TaUour,  Januar.  6. 
Alis  Paslaye,  Januar.  7. 
Mathias  Becket,  Februar.  24. 
Alis  Ho  wet,  Marche  11. 


Uxor  Smythe,  Deoemb.  11. 
Anthonye  Grenfeld,  Januae.  10 


Thomas    Austwicke,    buried 

Novemb.  28. 
Uxor  Howet,  Decemb.  15. 

Bafttbms,  1599. 

Jana  Cawood  filia  Thoma,  baptysed  Aprill  1. 

Jana  Norton  filia  Jacobi,  Aprill  7. 

Anna  Wilkinson  filia  wont  work*  Wilkinson,  Aprill  27< 

Jenneta  Lee  filia  Bichardi  Lee,  Maye  1. 

Bichardus  Simson  filius  William,  Maye  18. 
[Erased]         June  24. 

Anna  Wilkinson  filia  Bichardi,  July  8. 

Henricus  Perke  filius  Francisci,  July  15. 

Thomas  Wilson  filius  Alice ,  Marche  2. 

Samuell  Lambe,  August  5. 

John  Smythes  filius  Jacobi,  Septemb.  8. 

Henricus  Glyfe  filius  Boberti,  October  6. 

Elizabethe  Thomson,  Novemb.  18. 

Margrett  Bushell,  Janua.  1. 

Joame  Kaye,  Januarie  20. 

Elizabethe  Williamson,  Februarie  8. 

Edward  Bentley,  Februarie  17. 

Henry  Austwicke  filius ,  Marchii  2. 

Alis  Prince,  Marche  16. 

Elizabethe  Shillitowe,  Marche  16. 
Bubialls. 


Margarett  Scorer,  buried  Maye 

27. 
Anna  Wilkinson  filia  wont  work 

Jan.  17. 


Bobert  Austwicke,  October  21. 
Jennet  Wood,  Marche  24. 


•  "  Wont  work,"  an  allot,  by  which  the  mother  of  the  child  was  commonly 
known.— ^J.Xj.S. 


YOBKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  17$ 

Marbiages. 
Jaeobu8  Smythes  and  Emmet  Huntingdon,  married  June  17. 
Thomas  Broadlaye  and  Frances  Norton,  October  21. 
Francis  Sanderson  and  Isabell  Roper,  October  21. 
Willm  Willyson  and  Mary  Walton,  Novemb.  11. 
Henrye  Huntingden  and  Anne  Smithson,  Jany.  22. 

J.  L.  Saywell,  F.R.H.S.,  &c. 

Grassinoton  Schismatics.  —  "  The  Prophetic  Messenger," 
{1880)  announces  for  December,  1828;  "  A  new  set  of  religion- 
ists sprung  up  at  Grassington  in  Graven,  styling  themselves 
Nazarene  Cariates.  The  chief  tenet  of  this  sect  is,  that  all 
religious  assemblies  are  unlawful  except  they  are  held  in  barnsr 
alleging  that  our  Lord  was  born  in  one ! "  Is  anything  further 
known  of  them  ? 


WBiftxt  tofls  foxs  2U>b*g? 

It  is  not  often  a  matter  in  dispute  as  to  the  Site  of  an  abbey 
for  the  simple  reason  (we  suppose)  that  there  are  very  few* 
instances  in  which  sufficient  relics  do  not  remain  upon  the  spot 
to  point  indubitably  to  the  place  where  it  stood.  In  the  case 
of  Fors  however  the  monks  were  only  settled  four  or  five  years, 
and  as  the  climate  was  so  bleak  and  the  ground  so  unproduc- 
tive, doubtless  a  great  part  of  their  time  would  be  taken  up  in 
conveying  food  and  the  necessaries  of  life  to  their  new  abode. 
Therefore  in  that  limited  period  it  is  not  likely  that  they  would 
have  anything  but  buildings  of  the  rudest  construction,  certainly 
nothing  of  any  architectural  pretensions  would  be  reared,  which 
accounts  for  the  fact  that  no  fluted  columns  or  groined  arches 
remain  (to  prove  the  spot  where  Peter  and  his  monks  squatted 
during  the  short  period  in  which  they  are  said  to  have  under- 
gone such  great  privations,)  as  is  the  case  with  many  of  our 
Yorkshire  religious  houses  which  flourished  for  a  longer  time 
and  in  a  more  genial  climate  than  that  of  Fors.  It  may  seem 
somewhat  presumptuous  on  my  part  after  nearly  all  the  re- 
cognised authorities  in  topography  and  local  history  have 
assigned  it  to  our  place,  that  I  should  oppose  my  humble 
opinion  to  their  great  learning  and  experience  on  this  question. 
However  whether  I  am  right  or  wrong,  if  I  should  succeed  in 
eliciting  information  which  will  tend  to  settle  the  point  my 
object  will  have  been  gained.  The  matter  in  dispute  is  as  to 
whether  the  original  foundation  (i.e.  scheme)  of  the  hair- brained 
JEsculapian  Ecclesiastic — Peter — transferred  to  Jervaulx,  was 
really  on  Low  or  on  High  Abbotside,  (two  townships  running 
for  about  15  miles  along  the  north  bank  of  the  Yore  in  Wens- 
leydale).  Nearly  all  County  topographers  and  local  historians 
have  assigned  its  Site  to  the  former  township.    Oral  traditions 


174  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

on  the  other  hand,  handed  down  we  suppose  for  generations 
presumably  from  the  times  of  Peter,  point  in  favour  of  the 
Latter.  Putting  aside  both  written  records  and  unwritten  tradi- 
tions there  appear  to  be  plausible  grounds  however  for  con- 
tending that  the  madcap  scheme  of  the  Savignian  monk  had 
its  locus  standi  at  the  latter  named  place.  The  two  townships 
of  High  and  Low  Abbotside  doubtless  received  their  names  from 
the  fact  of  an  abbey  having  existed  there  ;  but  so  far  the  name 
would  indicate  an  equal  claim  in  favour  of  both  as  having 
contained  the  site  of  the  Abbey.  Additional  strength  however 
is  given  to  the  validity  of  local  traditions  as  opposed  to  topo- 
graphical writers,  when  we  consider  that  in  High  Abbotside 
there  is  a  wild  barren  glen  called  Fors  dale  which  is  strongly 
confirmatory  (etymologically)  of  the  belief  locally  entertained 
that  Peter-de-Qunciano's  Abbey  of  Fors  was  not  at  Grainge  in 
Low  Abbotside  but  at  Fors-dale  in  High  Abbotside,  the  drainage 
of  which  latter  forms  the  romantic  and  increasingly  attractive 
falls  known  as  Hardrow  Bear  fors,  which  in  all  probability  gave 
its  name  to  the  valley  (i.e.  JFor*-dale).  If  it  be  true  as  stated 
in  old  documents,  that  when  the  monks  came  to  Fors  their 
hearts  sank  within  them  on  account  of  the  land  being  so  stony 
and  barren,  the  climate  bleak,  and  the  inhabitants  inhospitable, 
so  that  after  five  years  stay  they  were  nearly  starved  to  death ; 
this  account  certainly  goes  far  to  prove  that  the  cold,  cheerless 
and  sterile  valley  of  Forsdale  and  not  the  snug,  sheltered  and 
fertile  domain  of  Dale  Grainge,  the  manor  or  estate  of  the  late 
Lord  Wensleydale  (Baron  Parke),  was  the  site  of  Fors  Abbey. 
In  support  of  this  view,  Lambert  says— Sequel  to  Wensleydale, 
a  Poem,  published  in  1819. — 

"  Stay,  stay  my  roving  muse,  no  farther  go, 
But  haste  thee  back  into  the  vale  below, 
And  on  thy  way  at  ancient  Forsdale  call ; 
Here  superstition  rear'd  the  abbey  wall 
Its  lofty  walls  are  levelTd  to  the  ground 
No  more  is  heard  the  solemn  organ's  sound ; 
Where  once  the  glimm'ring  taper  cast  its  rays, 
We  now  perchance  behold  the  glow  worm's  blaze." 

I  am  reminded  however  that  old  records  refer  to  it  as  "  Fors 
near  Askrigg  "  from  which  place  Grainge  is  but  one  mile  distant 
while  Forsdale  is  six  or  seven  miles  away.  This  objection 
however  to  the  claims  of  the  latter  is  easily  disposed  of  when 
we  consider  that  no  village  higher  up  the  dale  than  Askrigg  is 
mentioned  in  Doomsday  Survey,  consequently  we  may  reason- 
ably infer  that  no  other  place  existed  and  that  west  of  this  the 
dale  was  either  unfrequented  wood  or  wild  mountain  heath, 
excepting  where  the  monks  had  made  a  clearance — to  use  a 
modern  colonial  expression — in  which  case  Askrigg  would  still 


YOBKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  175 

be  the  nearest  centre  of  population.  In  Longstaffe's  "  Rioh- 
mondshire  "  we  read  (p.  69) :  In  the  reign  of  Stephen,  Peter  de 
Quincy,  a  Chirurgical  Monk  of  Savigny,  frequented  the  Earl  of 
Richmond's  Court  and  being  accompanied  by  other  brethren 
prevailed  on  Akar  Fitz  Bardolph  to  bestow  on  them  the  pro- 
perty at  Fors,  high  up  Wensleydale ;  which  will  not  apply  with 
the  same  force  to  the  Grainge  site  as  the  other.  It  must  be 
remembered  that  the  authors  who  have  decided  upon  Grainge 
as  the  "local  habitation"  were  not  local  men  and  were  not 
conversant  with  prevailing  traditions  of  the  neighbourhood, 
they  were  simply  seeking  a  site  which  they  conceived  must  be 
near  to  Askrigg  and  they  pitched  upon  what  they  thought  a 
likely  place  regardless  of  the  topographical  etymology  or  tra- 
ditional lore  of  the  district.  I  submit  then  all  things  considered, 
the  etymology  of  the  term,  the  circumstances  of  soil  and  climate 
and  the  voice  of  tradition  ail  appear  to  me  to  point  almost 
irresistibly  to  the  conclusion  that  Fors  Abbey  was  at  Fors  dale 
and  not  at  Grainge  as  stated  by  Mr.  Barker,  Hardcastle  and  a 
host  of  other  itinerant  writers  who  have  followed  them. 

John  Routh,  Hawks. 


#taiutsrrtpis  of  Br.  Icljtt  ^all,  of  Hipping. 

At  the  request  of  Mr.  J.  Horsfall  Turner,  I  have  undertaken 
to  give  an  account  of  certain  volumes  chiefly  in  the  handwriting 
of  my  ancestor  John  Hall,  of  Kipping  House,  near  Thornton 
in  Bradford  dale,  who  died  in  the  year  1709.  We  see  him  figure 
in  the  ( Autobiography  of  Joseph  Lister,'*  and  in  Oliver  Hey- 
wood's  Diaries,!  as  a  practical  physician,  (whether  licensed  or 
or  not,  is  a  doubtful  point)  and  a  chief  member  of  the  infant 
Independent  Church  at  Kipping  which  met  in  a  building  of  his 
own  adjoining  his  house.!  Both  his  house  and  the  building 
above  mentioned  are  still  to  be  seen  by  a  visitor  to  Thornton. 
The  latter  bears  the  date  1669  so  that  it  was  ready  for  use 
when  at  the  Declaration  of  Indulgence  in  1672,  Dr.  Hall 
applied  for  a  license.  One  of  the  manuscript  books  indicates 
Dr.  Hall's  claim  to  have  studied  medicine.  It  is  a  work  com- 
piled by  him  in  the  year  1661,  called  'A  compendium  and 
treasury  of  medicine  and  chirurgery,'  Ac.     It  remains  ready 

*p.54.  f  n.  pp.  70, 109, 114.    IV.  196,  224,  259,  Ac. 

t  From  the  Northowram  Register  Ac. 

Under '  Applications  for  licenses  under  Declaration  of  Indulgences  1672/ 

-John  Hall,  Bradford." 
Under  "  Meeting  Houses  registered  at  Wetherby  Sessions,  Jan.,  1669." 
"Wee  shall  {God  willing)  assemble  and  meet  at  Kipping  house  in 
Thornton  in  Bradfordale,  and  at  Jonas  Dean's  House  in  Mixenden  in  ye 
parish  of  Halltfax,  Matthew  Smith,  Jno  Hall,  Joseph  Lister,  Jonas  Deane,. 
Mb  Hanson,  John  Berry." 


176  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

for  the  press,  bat  it  does  not  appear  that  it  has  been  printed. 
Dr.  Hall  died  in  London  on  6th  June,  1709,  at  the  age  of  78, 
and  was  buried  in  Thornton  churchyard,  olose  to  the  south 
wall  of  the  now  ruinous  Thornton  Chapel.  His  gravestone 
boldly  and  deeply  out  still  bears  the  inscription — ( Hie  etiam 
deponitur  corpus  Johannis  Hall  de  Kipping  medici  qui  in 
Christ  obdormivit';  the  date  has  perished.  He  was  buried  with 
his  son  Zelophehad*  who  predeceased  him  having  been  born 
April  10th,  1665,  and  having  died  April  18th,  1676,  as  appears 
from  the  same  stone.  In  allusion  to  him  a  motto  has  been 
out  in  a  border  round  the  stone,  of  which  I  make  out  the 
words — '  Like  Jonah's  gourd  earth's  best  things  be  soon .  •  » 
soon  ripe  ? 

On  Dr.  Hall's  death  Kipping  passed  to  his  grandson  Dr. 
Joshua  Firth,  t  son  of  Dr.  Hall's  only  surviving  child  Mary  and 
John  Firthj  of  Wheatley,  (who  had  died  in  1704). 

The  MS.  Books  with  wnich  I  am  now  dealing  form  seven 
volumes  bound  in  leather;  of  which  five  contain  chiefly  sermons 
in  Dr.  Hall's  handwriting  apparently  taken  down  as  he  heard 
them  delivered  at  Kipping  and  elsewhere,  the  sixth  is  the 
medical  work  mentioned  above,  and  the  seventh  is  a  book  of 
accounts  and  prescriptions  in  the  handwriting  of  Dr.  Joshua 
Firth  and  covering  the  period  1728-1788. 

At  present  I  confine  myself  to  the  volumes  of  sermons  and 
to  the  light  they  throw  on  the  religious  history  of  the  Bradford 
district  in  the  period  before  and  after  the  Revolution  of  1688. 
The  volumes  are  endorsed  Quarto  8,  Quarto  5,  Quarto  6, 
Octavo  1,  Octavo  8,  containing  respectively  660,  586,  478,  670 
and  224  pages.  I  regret  to  say  that  I  have  no  trace  of  the 
other  volumes  of  the  two  series,  though  no  doubt  they  existed. 

The  number  of  sermons  in  the  five  volumes  is  842.  I  add 
the  names  of  the  preachers§  with  the  number  of  sermons  by 
each. 

*  Zelophehad  Hall  is  no  doubt  the  hero  of  the  anecdote  in  Heywood'a 
Diaries,  Vol.  II.  p.  240. 

t  Joshua  Firth  appears  in  Heywood's  Diaries  as  already  practising  and 
living  with  Dr.  Hall  from  1700.    Vol.  IV.,  169,  219,  287. 

J  For  John  Firth,  see  Heywood's  Diaries,  II.  88,  (Jan.  23,  78),  121, 144. 

$  With  this  list  compare  Calamy  passim.  Also  the  account  of  the  Kipping 
Church  in  Joseph  Lister's  Autobiography,  p.  52. 

"After  the  Black  Bartholomew  Act  was  passed — when  preaching  and 
praying  were  such  crimes  in  England  as  to  incur  great  fines  and  imprison- 
ments, we  had  several  houses  where  we  met  as  that  at  Kipping,  and  John 
Berry's,  and  our  house,  and  sometimes  at  Horton.  We  had  Mr.  Byther  one 
year,  and  then  he  had  a  call  to  London ;  sometimes  Mr.  Root,  sen. ;  Mr. 
Boot,  jnn. ;  Mr.  Ness ;  Mr.  Manden ;  Mr.  Coats ;  Mr.  Bailey,  and  others ; 
and  at  last  we  got  a  man  called  Mr.  Whitehnrst  and  he  heoame  our  pastor. 
After  some  years  a  difference  fell  out  betwixt  him  and  several  of  the  Church 
members,  and  they  withdrew  from  him  and  I  was  one  of  those  that  did  so. 
And  about  two  years  afterwards  we  heard  of  one  Mr.  Smith,  a  young  man 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  177 

Mr.  Accepted  Lister,  184,  (1699-1709.)  Mr.  Matthew  Smith, 
(«)  115,  (1688-1708).  Mr.  Firth,  of  Mansfield,  (b)  47,  (1681 ~ 
97).  Mr.  Ryther,  (c)  7,  (about  1668).  Mr.  Bayley,  (167M699,) 
and  Mr.  Stopforth,  of  Pick  worth,  (a  conformist,)  (1678-9.)  8, 
Mr.  Gamaliel  Marsden,  (1662.)  Mr.  Elkanah  Wales,  (d)  (1649,) 
and  Mr.  Whitaker,  (*)  (1701-9.)  2,  Mr.  Jeremiah  Marsden, 
(1662.)  Mr.  Ness.  (/.)  Mr.  Heywood,  (1700.)  Mr.  Collier, 
(1632  or  8.)  Mr.  Noble,  (1700.)  Mr.  Sraallwood,  (1662,)  and 
Mr.  Bristoe,  (1649.)  Mr.  Robertson,  (1654.)  Mr.  Dawson, 
(1658.)    Mr.  Jolly,  (//)  (1666.)     Mr.  Whitehurst,  (h)  (1677.) 

These  sermons  are  in  Dr.  Hall's  hand-writing,  and  the 
names  of  most  of  the  preachers  will  be  familiar  to  students  of 
Oliver  Heywood  or  Galamy.  The  following  sermons  which  fill 
vacant  pages  in  Dr.  Hall's  books,  are  in  the  hapd* writing  of 
hi9  great-grandson,  John  Firth,  and  belong  to  a  later  gener- 
ation. Mr.  Hulme,  8,  (1740-4.)  Mr.  Macao,.  (1748.)  Mr. 
Doddridge,  (1785.)  Mr.  Samuel  Price,  Mr.  D.  Jenings,  Mr. 
Dan.  Neal,  Mr.  Uffett,.[Huthwaite]  of  Idle,  (1744,)  1. 

Having  thus  summarised,  I  must  proceed  a  Jittje  closer  into 
detail.  And  first  I  must  explain  that  Dr.  HalJ  had  a  system 
of  cypher  or  short-hand,  and  in  the  times  of  persecution  it  was 
his  habit  to  use  this  cipher  for  entering  the  time  and  place  at 
which  each  sermon  was  preached.  Often  too,  (rusting  to  the 
security  thus  afforded,  he  added  to  these  memoranda  some 
notes  on  current  events.  Later  on  in  his  life  wfaen  the  danger 
had  passed,  he  transcribed  part  of  these  cipher  passages,  thus 
giving  us  a  clue  to  his  system.  I  have  not  yet  had  time  to 
decipher  the  passages  left  unexplained,  but  as  Dr.  Hall's  own 
transcriptions  are  full  of  interest,  I  propose  in  the  case  of  two 
of  the  volumes  to  give  the  headings  just  as  they  stand. 

that  lived  with  his  father  at  York,  and  a  man  of  tine  parts,  we  gave  him  a 
call  to  preach  the  gospel  to  ns  which  he  accepted/'  After  Mr.  Smith  had  left 
Kipping  for  Mixende^  Accepted  Lister  was  solicited  to.  preach  at  Kipping, 
and  at  last  prevailed  upon  •'  chiefly  by  the  moving  arguments  of  the  good 
Doctor  Hall."  In  1695  he  moved  to  Bingley,  but  returned  in .  1702  and 
continued  pastor  of  the  Church  at  Kipping  till  his  death  in  Feb.,  1709. 

a.— For  Mr.  M.  Smith;  cf.  Heywood's  Diaries,  III.,  214,  275.  IV.,  102, 
24.5,  294.    Jos.  Lister's  Autobiog.,  p.  53. 

6.— For  Mr.  Firth,  of  Mansfield,  see  the  Northowram  Register,  Index,  and 
Dunton's  Panegyrick. 

c— For  Mr.  Byther,  see  Heywood's  Diaries,  II.,  289. 

(/.—Heywood's  Diaries,  III.,  p.  263.  "precious  Mr.  Wales  is  dead  in  my 
absence,  bury  ed.  at  Leeds,  May  ii.,  69.     Noncon.  Idol.     Rayner's  Pndsey. 

*.— Hyd's.  Diaries,  IV.,  p.  314.  "  T.  Whitaker,  A.M.,  of  Leeds,  author  of 
sermons  on  Joseph  Lister,  etc/' 

/.-For  Mr.  Ness,  see  Heywood's  Diaries,  I.,  227,  262,  290,  304. 

g.-For  Mr.  Jolly,  II.,  70,  95. 

/».— For  Mr.  Whitehurst  and  the  disputes  in  which  he  was  involved,  see 
Heywood's  Diaries,  I.,  223,  295.  II.,  (Sep.  13th,  78,)  p.  101.  (Aug.  6th,  79,) 
p.  112.    Dec.  19tb,  p.  240. 

Y.X.Q.  L 


178        YORKSHIRE  NOTE8  AND  QUERIES. 

I  begin  with  quarto  6,  as  the  sermons  it  contains  are  as  a 
rule  earlier  than  those  in  the  other  books.  They  are  for  the 
most  part  by  Mr.  Matthew  Smith,  who  was  minister  at  this 
time  of  the  Kipping  Congregation.  Words  in  italics  are  taken 
from  Dr.  Hall's  index. 

p.  1.  Mr.  S.,  Kipping.  Janu.  or  mon.  11th.  Day  10th, 
1681.  Shuckden. 

p.  10.  Mr.  S.  Janu.  or  11th  mon.  12th  day,  168},  at  Kipp- 
ing, 7  at  night.     [Saturday  night.] 

p.  28.  Mr.  S.  27th  Janu.  or  mon.  11th,  8}.  Kipping  at 
11  on  ye  day,    grt.  storme.     [great  snow.] 

p.  89.  Mr.  S.  ffeb.  8.  168J.  Kipping  7  at  night,  at  Leeds 
Sundry,    fined  in  6  score  pound  now.    M.  S. 

p.  54.  Mr.  S.  10th  of  12th  mon.  168}.  Kipping  at  5  in 
morning.     Great  snow,  but  6  besides  ffamily. 

p.  66.  Mr.  S.  1st  of  12th  mon.  168}.  Alerton,  day  of 
humiliation,  [at  brother  Lister's,  Alerton,  day  of  prayer. 
?  now  60  (at)  Leeds.     .     .     fined  160  lb.     .     .    ] 

p.  76.  Mr.  S.  22nd  June  84.  At  Shuckden  at  11  on  day- 
time. Sr.  Tho.  Armstrong  executed.  Taken  in  Holland,  [at 
Leyden,  Holland.] 

p.  87.  (This  sermon  has  the  character  of  being  copied  out 
later,  when  Dr.  Hall's  handwriting  had  altered  somewhat.) 

Mr.  L.  Fast  Day  publiquely  appointed  on  accompt  of  warr 
with  ffrance's  usurpations,  Dessolations  by  his  Ambition  and 
perfidy,  for  forces  success  by  land  &  sea  in  fflanders,  in  Spain, 
in  Germany,  in  Italy.  20th  March,  1705.  Mr.  List'.  Kipping. 
Joshua  5.  14.  form,  clause.  Nay  but  as  Captain  of  ye  Lord's 
Host  am  I  come.     .     .     &c. 

p.  96.  Mr.  S.  11th  of  2d  mon.  84.  [at]  Shukden  [day 
of  humiliation.     Mr.  Smith.] 

p.  105.    Mr.  S.    2d.  mon.  27th  day,  1684  [at]  Kipping. 

p.  115.  Mr.  S.  July  9th,  84  [at]  B.L.  Alerton  [day  of 
humiliation.] 

p.  127.    Mr.  S.     Kipping  [day  of  humiliation. 

p.  188.  Mr.  S.  19th  7  ber,  84.  Alerton.  Brother]  L[ister's], 
humiliation. 

p.  146.  Mr.  S.  10th  8ber,  84.  Kipping,  firyday  [night 
at]  for  Lord's  day. 

p.  159.  19th  8ber  84,  [at]  Kipping  [at]  7  at  night.  Lord's 
day  [night.] 

p.  175.  Mr.  Stopforth  at  Pickworth,  1678.  9ber  5th,  1678,  a 
Conformist. 

p.  202.  A  Conformist  also,  (fast  for  plot.)  A  sermon  preached 
9ber  18th,  1678,  ye  1st  ffast  day  for  ye  Plott. 

p.  229.  Tlie  same  as  visitation  beffore  ye  clsartyy,  <£e.,  at 
SUtford,  May  9th,  1679.  A  Sermon  preaohed  at  ye  visitations 
at  Sleford,  before  ye  whole  clergy  &  ye  churchwardens  of  ye 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  179 

Areh-Deconry  of  Lincoln,  on  May  9th,  1679,  by  ye  same  con- 
formist. 

p.  289.  Mr.  S.  6th  mon.  8th  day  [at]  10  at  night  [at] 
Kipping,  1688.  Hue  &  cry  for  D.  Monmouth,  Gray  &  Arm- 
strong now. 

p.  258.  Mr.  S.  Mon.  5th  15th,  88,  [at]  Kipping  [at]  10  at 
night,  wn.  they  are  persecuting  their  Horrid  damnable  plott 
against  many  Innocent  men.  At  the  end  of  the  sermon,  *  Of 
Russell,  Trenchard,  &c,  as  plotters,  &c.  200  Lords  are  said  to 
be  in  it,  &  Essex  throat  now  cutt  in  Tower.  Russel  &  Shafts- 
bury,  &c,  must  off.* 

The  sermons  from  this  date  to  28  Nov.,  88,  are  on  Job  xxi., 
22,  "  Acquaint  now  thyself,"  &o. 

p.  275.  July  22nd,  88,  [at]  Kipping  [at  night.]  papall 
power  now  rises. 

p.  288.  29th  5th  mon.,  88,  [at]  9  at  night,  [at]  Kipping. 
Now  Ld.  Russell  &  other  8  executed  on  20  &  21st  of  July. 

p.  302.  mo.  6th,  day  5th,  at  9  at  night,  2  suspitious  persons 
among  us,  but  we  have  our  Ebenezers  still  to  set  up. 

p.  318.  Aug.  or  mon.  6th,  day  12th,  68,  [at]  Kipping,  at  2 
in  ye  morning. 

p.  825.  Aug.  or  mon.  6th,  day  29th,  88,  [at]  Kipping,  at  2 
in  ye  morning. 

p.  887.  Aug.  or  6th  mon.  88,  25th.  At  night  at  10.  Satur- 
day night.    New  warrants  now  out  againe. 

p.  847.     Sept.  2d.,  1688,  [at]  Kipping  [at]  8  in  ye  morning. 

p.  359.  9th  7ber,  88,  [at]  Kipping,  [at]  8  morning,  warants 
for  us  for  3  weeks  absenting  and  aprehending  dissenters,  &c. 

p.  372.  Sept.  15th,  1688,  [at]  Kipping,  [at]  9  at  night. 
New  warts,  out  for  persons  for  ye  misdemeanor  of  absenting  & 
harboring  such,  &c. 

p.  885.    7ber  28th,  83,  [at]  Kipping,  at  8  morning. 

p.  898.     7ber  ult.  88,  [at]  Kipping,  at  8  in  ye  morning. 

p.  412.  8ber  7th,  88,  [at  H.  m  n]  Shuckden,  at  3  in  ye 
morning. 

p.  425.     8ber  14th,  88,  [at]  Kipping,  at  8  in  ye  morning. 

p.  438.  21th  8br.  88,  [at]  Kipping,  morn  at  8.  done  [at 
6]  in  break  of  day. 

p.  452.  Mr.  S.  9b.  28d.  88.  [at]  Allerton.  B[rother] 
L[ister's] .  Humiliation  Day  [Day  of  Prayer.] 

p.  468.  Mr.  S.  At  Shuckden,  Day  6th  of  mon.  1st,  8?  [at 
sunrise  morning.    Mr.  Smith.] 

p.  472.     Mr.  S. 

p.  474.    day  20th. 

The  headings  to  the  sermons  in  the  book  called  No.  6  of 
Quartos  I  will  give  next,  first  however  giving  the  following 
passage  from  the  Index  page. 


180  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

"for  it  was  (as  they  got  swearng.  perjured  persons  they 
suborned — nay  Jefferey  made  any  Colour  of  fauour  towards  ym 
or  wt.  he  would  oall  to  be  such)  to  serue  to  take  away  their 
liues,  and  tho  they  had  nothing  agst.  men  in  any  of  ye  4  plots 
or  forgeries  they  made,  yet  no  matr.  still  I  was  they  would  say 
a  favourr.  and  knowing  or  hearing,  as  Russell's  case,  ye  4 
cases  (&  4  eminent  deliuerances)  was — Bingley  list  of  names 
forged  &  put  in  at  stable  door  bottom—  Gawthrop  2d.  ffarnley 
wood.  3d.  ye  forged  list  of  L.  W.  H.  &c.  4o  mon mouth,  ye 
1st  fairly  detected  by  J.  Taylr  in  whose  name  ye  names  was  in- 
serted in  's  ttr.  .  .  .  ?  forged  he  a  prissonr.  ye  2d.  M.  W. 
came  to  aprnd  me  M.  M.  stopt  it  long  unknown  to  me.  ye  3d. 
M.  W.  himself  prevented,  some  years  ere  I  knew  he  did  so.  ye 
last  J.  6.  told  it  publiqly  at  Hardeubeck,  I  sent  hors  Arms  & 
man.  Gap.  Kooks  was  such  a  day  (as  is  noted)  a  coming  to 
aprnd  me.    yet  ye  Id  prevented  still. 

1.  Day  of  Humili,  viz.  10th  of  1st  mon.  81  at  B.  ITs., 
Allerton,  M.  S. 

8.     Mr.  Wales  at  Pudsey,  1649. 

Ad  fin.  Tra  scribitur  undecimo  die  mensis  Secundi  Ano  xti 
1685. 

17.    ult.  mens  1.  (85.  Kipping  Humiliation  Day.  Mr.  Smith. 

24.    8th  of  2d.  mon.  (85.  at  John  Hanson's,  Mixenden. 

27.     Mr.  Smith,  Kipping,  Septemb.  15,  1708.     Lecture. 

83.  26th  Oct.  (84.  at  Kipping,  4  in  morning.  Lord's  Day. 
Mr.  S. 

A  Scotch  plofct  now  talkt  of,  nobillity  is  charged  with  it. 

46.     Kipping,  at  6  at  night.     9th  9br,  84. 

56.     16  9ber  (84.     at  Br  Berry's  at  8  afternoon. 

64.     at  Kipping  at  6  at  night. 

75.    at  Kipping  at  6  at  night.    9br  ult.  84. 

85.     7th  lObr,  84.     at  Br.  B*s.  at  6  at  night. 

96.     14th  lObr,  84.     at  Kipping  at  6  at  night. 

107.     28o  lObr,  64.     Kipping  at  night. 

119.     11th  mon.  8rd  day.     Kipping,  at  6  at  night. 

129.  11th  of  11th  mo.  87.  at  Kipping,  at  6  at  night.  Mr. 
Heywood  now  has  bis  tryall. 

138.  18o.  of  11th  mo.  SI.  at  Kipping,  at  6  at  night.  Mr. 
Heywood  is  fined  50tb.  Biot. 

147.  Kipping,  at  7  at  night,  ffryday  for  Lord's  day.  23  of 
11th  mon.  81. 

156.     feb.  or  12th  mon.  1st  day,  82.     Kipping,  6  at  night. 

165.     ffeb.  or  12th  mon.  15th  85.     Kipping,  7  at  night. 
Now  K.  James  to  be  pclamed  to-day. 

172.     21st  F.  or  12th  mon.  85.     Kipping,  7  at  night. 

180.     1st  day  1st  of  March,  8f .     Kipping,  7  at  night. 

190.     8o  of  mon.  1st,  8*.     Kipping  at  8  at  night. 
Assizes  now  begins. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  181 

199.     15th  of  1st  mon.  8?.    Kipping,  8  at  night. 

207.     22nd  of  1st  mon.  81.     Kipping  at  8  at  night. 
Now  Jesuits,  Priests,  Papists,  are  set  at  liberty  at  York,  but 
Ptestants  are  prissoners. 

216.     28th  of  1st  mon.  86.     Kipping  at  8  at  night. 
Cardinall  Howard  is  said  now  to  be  coming  from  Borne  to 
crown  ye  King. 

224.     2  mo.  5th  day,  85.     Kipping  at  8  at  night. 
Now  Papists  cause  Clergymen  in  Lancashire  to  drink  the  Pope's 
Health. 

281.     12th  of  2d.  mon.  (85.     Kipping,  9  at  night. 
Now  it's  said  ye  prissoners  in  Scotland  are  set  att  liberty  by  an 
Insurrection. 

241.     19o  of  2d.  mon.  85.     Kipping,  8  afternoon. 
Now  ye  papists  have  2  cardinalls  to  crown,  &c,  as  is  said. 

250.     26th  April,  85.     at  Shuckden  at  8  afternoon. 

259.     2  mon.  8d  day,  85.     Kipping  at  8  o'clock. 
Now  16  at  London  are  taken  &  fined  for  Riot. 

267.  10th  May  or  mon.  8,  85.  At  Shuckden.  fforenoori, 
they  say  now  they  have  a  warrant  for  Mr.  S.  but  none  is  here. 

281.  12th  of  5th  mon.  85.  At  James  Kighley's  (not  been 
with  us  of  8  weeks  now.)  Monmouth  is  rooted,  for  which 
Bone  fires  &  Bells,  and  drinking  Healths  to  Confusion  of  Pres- 
biterians,  Ac.  now  8  score  are  taken  at  York  &  carried 
prissonrs  to  Hull,  &  so  from  Hull  to  York.  All  sorts  storme  & 
Bage  against  us  as  helpers  of  ye  Duke  with  men,  Horse, 
monyes.  5000  is  to  be  taken  up  in  Yorkshire  on  yt  accompt 
myself  they  tell  it  is  one  of  ym.  So  Mr.  Books  said  for  Mr. 
Segar  said  yt  I  had  sent  man  &  Horse  armes  &c. 

291.  Note  yt  Capt.  Books  14o.  day  is  coming  to  fetch  me 
into  Sessio's  &  so  to  prisson,  but  God  suffered  ym  not  to  come 
to  my  house. 

292.  12th  mon.  5th  (85.  at  James  Kighley's,  at  midnight. 
299.     Kipping  10  night.  2nd  of  6th  mon.  85.     Note  yt  15th 

July  ye  Gentlemen  of  ye  parish  meets  at  Bradford  to  Consult 
(I  supose  on  a  list  of  names  to  take  &  imprisson  persons)  Note 
that  day  Monemoth  is  executed,     (shorthand  passage.) 

809.  7th  day  8th  of  Aug.  or  6th  mon.  85.  Shuckden  8 
night.  Holland  Embassador  saith  yt  ye  Bebels  yt  fled  thithr 
shall  be  secured.     Argile  is  routed  &  taken  &  trayd. 

820.     16  of  6th  mon.  85.     Kipping  at  8  at  night. 

880.  22nd  Aug.  85.  Shuckden  at  9  at  night.  Now  ye  K. 
is  still  raising  new  soldiers,  now  prissonrs  from  London  is 
carved  to  be  tryed  for  their  Hues  in  ye  west  Bumbolds  Quartr. 
is  boxed  up  fro  Scotland  to  London. 

889.  80th  Aug.  or  mon.  6th,  85.  Kipping,  8  at  night. 
many  are  Butchered  &  hanged  on  signposts  in  ye  west,  of  all 
ages  &  sexes,  <fcc. 


182  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

Now  a  prodigious  fish  is  taken  at  York  20°  of  August. 

847.  5°7ber,  86.  Shuckden  9  at  night.  Now  a  lady  is  to 
be  burnt  for  entertaining  some  of  monmouths  men,  2  gentle- 
men at  her  house  &c. 

856.  18°  7ber,  85.  Kipping,  8  afternoon.  Maxfield  now 
proclamed  traitor  &  all  yt  relieues  him.     (short-hand.) 

866.     27°  7ber,  85.     Kipping  at  7  at  night. 

876.  81  8ber,  85.  Kipping,  7  at  night.  Jeffrey  now  hath 
condemned  1100  it  said.  Jeffrey  is  to  be  Lord  Chief  Steward 
of  England,  to  try  all  Lords  yt  was  not  for  the  popish 
successor. 

886.     8ber  11°  88.    Kipping  at  7  at  night. 

896.  25th  8r-  85.  Note  yt  Mr.  S.  came  not  ye  week  before, 
Ac  Kipping,  6  at  night.  Now  Sheriff  Shutt  is  hanged  at 
London,  and  another,  &c,  and  a  woman  for  helping  some  to 
escape,  Ac,  &  we  are  disapointed,  &c. 

404.  1st  9ber.  85.  Kipping,  6  at  night.  Now  its  said  2 
Gardinalls  is  come  to  reduce  England  to  Mother  Church. 
Sheriff  Cornish  is  executed  att  his  own  door,  &c. 

(at  foot  of  page)  grt  expectation  from  ye  parliamt  now,  eithr. 
their  discord  and  so  popery  falls ;  or  accord  &  its  set  up  now. 

410.  9r*  15th,  85.  Kipping  5  at  night,  many  executed  at 
London  on  pretence  of  Shaftsbury  conspiracy.  Its  said  there's 
7000  in  Yorkshire  that's  in  it,  and  two  of  them  they  haue  in 
Thornton. 

K.  tells  parlamt  as  he  hath  raised  an  Army  in  stead  of  ye 
militia,  so  hee  will  keep  them,  tho  not  quallifyed  by  the  teste 
&  expects  money  from  ym  to  mai'tane  them  now. 

415.  22°  9r  65.  Kipping  at  6  at  night.  K.  wants  of  pt. 
now  4,000,000  to  maintain  his  Army.  They  giue  him  700,000 
in  Excise  and  Custom  &c.  advisses  him  to  put  out  his  illegall 
officrs  not  qualifyed,  <&c.  &  W.  W.  spks  in  comons  house 
briskly  agst  ym,  &  of  dangr-  of  popry  with  a  high  hand  brought 
in.  forthwith  he's  sent  for  into  ye  K's  clossett  to  be  made 
anothr-  creature. 

425.  25  8r*  85.  Kipping  at  6  at  night.  Mr.  S.  came  not 
Lds.  day  before. 

429.  1st  9r-  65.  Kipping  6  at  night.  Cornish  hangd  (& 
woman  burnt  now)    Hussells  bussyness. 

485.     15th  9ber,  85.     Kipping,  6  at  night. 

441.  22°  9r-  85.  Kipping,  5  at  night.  48  Lords  of  parlmt. 
are  wanting.  K.  will  haue  ym.  raise  him  4,000,000th.  they 
grant  700,0001b.  wil.  willing  tells  ym.  ye  constitution  of 
England  is  not  for  popry,  they  must  look  to  it. 

447.  29  9r  85.  Kipping  at  5  at  night,  parliamt  is  pro- 
rogued. Cook  is  comited  to  Town  for  saying  in  lowrhouse, 
Oentlmen  lets  never  be  run  down  with  ye  K's.  grt  words,  let  it 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.        188 

be  seen  we've  English  spirits  &  mind  onr  duty  &  work  we're 
come  on. 

452.  5°  10r-  85.  Kipping  at  5  at  night.  Lord  Grey,  Ld. 
Howard  &  Bumsey  swears  Lord  Brandon,  Gerard,  &c,  out  of 
their  lines  as  far  as  they  can.  Now  Excisers  comanded  to  take 
accompt  of  Beds  &  Stables  in  Inns. 

459.  18°  10*-  85.  Kipping,  5  at  night.  Lord  Brand  or 
Gilbert  Gerard  is  said  now  to  be  reprieued  in  order  to  a  pardon 
for  yt  which  now  he's  condemned  for,  he  was  pardond  for  it  2 
years  agoe  by  ye  late  King,  now  its  said  80  nobles  is  gone  to 
Borne,  &  prisonrs  at  London  is  released  (some  grand  dessign 
carying  on.) 

464.  20  10*-  85.  Kipping,  5  at  night.  Trepaning  designs 
carying  on ;  plotts  pretended  for  keeping  an  Army  to  ruine  all 
Protestants  by :  a  feigned  plot  draw  up  by  Le  Strange  to  reflect 
it  on  all  sorts. 

468.  27.  10r-  85.  Kipping,  6  at  night.  Ld.  Gerrard's 
pardon  is  renoked  &  Balamany  is  condemned  for  High  Treason. 
A  cardinall  at  Lond.  preacht  before  ye  K.  &  tells  him  wt.  grt. 
things  Virgin  Mary  hath  done,  hath  put  a  sword  in  's  hand  to 
destroy  all  hereticques. 

474.  8  of  11th  mon.  85.  Kipping,  6  at  night.  Delemere  is 
now  condemnd  at  Ghestr.  Gerrard  to  have  no  pardon.  K. 
sends  to  grt  men  in  London  to  educate  their  children  in  Bom. 
Belig.  now  its  known  ye  K.  intends  to  quarter  his  army  on  ye 
Dissentrs ;  soldirs  insolent  in  their  quartrs,  &c.  Now  Papists 
in  Lancashire  bring  openly  their  priests  to  bury  their  dead. 

479.  17°  of  mon.  11.  85.  Kipping  at  6  at  night.  K.  hath 
sent  into  Ireland  &  reduced  all  to  his  will,  put  all  protestants 
out  k  papists  in  arms,  &c.     Qu.  said  now  to  be  wth  childe. 

486.  24°  of  12th  mon.  8!.  Kipping  at  7  at  night.  Now 
Delamere  is  cleared,  try'd  by  his  peers.  Gray  and  Bumsey 
witnesses  &c.  Albemarle  1st  spoke  &  told  on  his  Honour  yt 
Delamere  was  not  guilty.  Lord  Gerard  &  Hambden  are  re- 
prieued. The  apparition  of  the  army  in  ye  North  on  yt  day  is 
confirmd. 

498.  Day  ult.  Jan.  or  11th  mon.  85*-  Kipping,  7  at  night. 
Now  protestants  sadly  persecuted  by  all  statutes. 

499.  7°  of  12°  mon.  856  Kipping,  7  at  night.  M™8-  Whitk* 
now  is  Dead  at  York. 

805.  14°  of  12th  mon.  85*-  Kipping,  7  at  night.  Now  its 
said  ye  K.  will  haue  20,000  soldiers  raised  in  Yorkshire  of 
Abeyrents  (?Adherents.) 

*  Now  Dr.  King  is  knighted  for  his  good  service  to  ye  late  K. 
vide  supradict  wt.  it  was. 

511.  21°  of  mon.  12°  85.  Kiping,  4  afternoon,  now  yt  K. 
C.  lined  &  Died  a  Cathollick  is  seen. 


184  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

517.  11  di.  mens.  12*  85*  Shuckden,  sunrising.  Now  K. 
asks  prelates  ye  reason  they  not  like  roman  religion,  they  say 
because  its  so  bloody,     he  confutes  ym. 

Now  in  York  8  Altars  are  set  up  already,  openly  hath  mass, 
papists  seeks  grt.  men  to  turn. 

628.  7°  of  mo.  1st.  85*  Kiping,  7  at  night.  Now  Count 
Tradley  is  aliue  againe;  after  he's  kil'd  &  his  head  sent  to 
Constantinople. 

529.  Notes  of  a  Sermon  preached  by  Mr.  Bayly  at  North- 
owrom,  June  24, 1678. 

Hitherto  I  have  given  the  headings  to  the  sermons  without 
omission,  as  far  as  they  are  in  Dr.  Hall's  handwriting,  and 
relate  to  his  time.  The  headings  in  the  remaining  volumes 
have  generally  less  historical  interest,  and  I  therefore  propose 
only  to  give  a  few  of  the  more  remarkable. 

The  1st  Octavo  contains  sermons  by  Mr.  Bayly,  Mr. 
Byther,  Mr.  Gamaliel  and  Mr.  Jeremiah  Marsden,  Mr.  Smith. 
Mr.  Ness,  Mr.  Firth  of  Mansfield,  Mr.  Accepted  Lister,  Mr. 
Heywood,  Mr.  Collier,  Mr.  Noble  and  Mr.  Whittaker. 

One  of  Mr.  Firth's  sermons  is  thus  headed — 

"Feb.  14,  168S.  At  Mansfield.  By  Mr.  Firth.  Thanksgiving 
Serm.  for  Engl,  deliuerace  &c." 

It  is  to  be  noticed  that  William  &  Mary  were  declared  King 
and  Queen  Feb.  18th,  1685. 

The  solitary  sermon  by  Mr.  Oliver  Heywood  in  this  collection 
is  headed — 

"Mr.  Heywood,  Northowrom.  preparation  for  sacr.  7ber. 
1700." 

The  next  heading  is  characteristic — 

"  Mr.  Lister  (ye  litle)  at  Bingley.    June  28,  1700." 

Further  on,  we  have 

"Mr.  Listr.  at  Kipping,  publiq  Thanksgiuing  June  27, 
1706.    grt  victory  ouer  ye  ffrench.     fflandrs." 

This  is  Bamilies. 

My  next  volume  "  No.  8  of  Quartos  "  begins  with  a  sermon 
thus  headed — 

"  Mr.  Firth,  a  Sermon  Respecting  ye  electing  of  Parliam' 
men  by  Mr.  J.  Firth.     Mansfield  1681  or  82." 

Then— "  Mr.  Smith.  Mon.  ye  3rd  (i.  e.  May)  ye  1st  day  (87, 
at  Kipping  in  ye  meeting-place,  ye  2nd  time  after  ye  K's  De- 
claration for  liberty.* ' 

"Now  we  are  in  our  meeting-place  by  ye  K's  proclam. 
Kirk  men  rage  and  storm  exceedingly  specialy  at  those  yt  used 
to  bear  in  ye  persecution  time,  naming  Mr.  Sh. 

This  book  contains  an  almost  complete  series  of  expositions 
of  the  5th,  6th  and  7th  chapters  of  Canticles,  2  of  them  being 
delivered  each  alternate  month,  and  the  whole  extending  from 
Nov.  1702  to  Feb.  1709,  the  time  of  the  preacher's  death.    The 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  185 

sermons  in  any  given  month  are  headed  respectively — "  Pre- 
paration Day  "  and  "  Snpper  Day."  The  «  Supper  Day '  was,  I 
presume,  a  Sunday;  the  'Preparation'  seems  generally  to 
have  been  held  on  the  Wednesday  preceding,  but  sometimes 
the  interval  is  greater,  sometimes  less,  ranging  between  5  days 
k  2  inclusive. 

The  last  sermon  but  one  which  Accepted  Lister  preached  is 
headed 

"ffeb.  20,  170S.  Supper  Day.  (preparation  17th  Day,  ye 
Day  of  Thanksgiving.) 

The  next  sermon,  headed  merely  '  Afternoon '  has  the  follow- 
ing note  appended — 

'  Note  yt  next  morning  aflr  this  he  was  taken  with  convulsio's 
wch  continued  with  some  intermission  untill  Thursday  night, 
and  yn  about  12  or  2  a  clock  he  dyed — we  lost  him  but  ye 
Church  Triumphant  has  Gained  him.1 

Again  after  another  series  of  sermons  preached  weekly  during 
the  summer  of  1708,  on  S'  John,  xiv.  xv.,  we  have  this  note  at 
the  end  of  the  sermon  of  Sept.  12. 

"Mr.  Listr  intended  to  haue  prooeeded  in  his  expossition 
furthr  herein,  but  ye  Lord  took  him  home,  ffeb.  24th  in  ye 
night  betwixt  12  &  2  a  clock.    He  was  Interred  ffeb.  28th." 

Once  more  we  have  a  series  of  sermons  preached  by  Mr. 
Lister  in  the  end  of  1708,  &  early  part  of  1709,  and  one  more 
note  appended  to  the  sermon  of  Feb.  18.  "  The  next  Lord's 
day  was  Supper  Day.  As  this  day  he  busyly  &  more  difficultly 
attended  and  performed  his  work ;  and  finished  this  text :  so 
ye  Supper  Day's  work  much  more  difficulty,  which  was  his 
last,  for  next  morning  he  begun  to  be  taken  with  convulsions, 
which  continued  till  Thursday  night  (with  some  intermission) 
&  y1-  took  him  off,  to  our  grt.  troble  &  loss,  but  his  grt.  Gain."* 

The  note  is  continued  in  the  hand-writing  of  Dr.  Hall's 
great-grandson,  John  Firth. 

"  for  to  him  to  Live  was  Xt.  and  to  dy  was  Unspeakable 
Gain,  &  it  was  part  of  his  Xtian  Character  that  he  desired  to 
know  nothing  save  Xt  and  him  Crucified,  &  who  had  for  his 
Motto  this  Short  Epitaph  inscribed  on  his  grave-stone,  'Impen- 
dam  &  Expendar,'  i.e.  1 1  will  spend  my  Strength  &  be  willing 

*  These  are  probably  tbe  last  words  written  by  Dr.  Hall,  which  we  have,  as 
within  four  months  of  this  he  followed  Accepted  and  Joseph  Lister  to  the 
grare.    c.p.  the  "  Northowram  Register,"  ed.  by  J.  Horsfall  Turner. 

"  Mr.  Accepted  Lister  minr-  at  Kipping,  preacht  twice  &  administred  Lds. 
Supper,  Febr.  20,  died  Febr.  28.  An  excellent  Preacher,  a  little  helpless 
body,  but  a  great  and  sound  soul.  Mr.  Joseph  Lister  of  Kipping,  The 
Minn.  Father  died  Mar.  11,  aged  abt.  80,  an  Eminent  Christian,  but  a 
fortnight  between  his  and  his  son's  death,  both  buried  at  Thornton  Chappel. 
Mr.  Hall,  of  Kipping,  died  June  6.  A  solid  Judicious  Christian  &  a  useful 
Physician,  aged  abt.  78,  (p.  245.)  Mr.  John  Hall  died  at  London,  June  6, 
('1708.' by  mistake) 

See  also  Jos.  Lister's  Autobiography,  p.  58,  and  Whitaker's  Sermons. 


186  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

to  be  Spent  in  ye  cause  of  Xt.,  &  in  bringing  Sons  to  Glory  by 
my  preaching  &c.  A  certain  person  was  pleased  to  say  of  him 
that  he  was  Vox  &  proeterea  Nihil,  because  of  his  Excellent  & 
Melodious  Voyce,  &  being  but  of  Low  Stature,  &c,  &c,  &c." 

Then  follows,  "April  17th,  1709.  Mr.  Whitaker  Funeral 
Sermon  for  old  Joseph  Listr,  Kipping.  Dyed  March  11th, 
Buried  14th. "  The  sermon  as  given  here  differs  greatly  from 
the  form  it  takes  in  Whitaker1  s  published  sermons. 

There  are  one  or  two  more  headings  in  this  volume  which 
have  some  interest. 

Thus,  "Aug.  29th,  1708.  Thanksgiving  for  Victory  on'r 
ffrench  army  in  Slanders  in  latr.  end  of  June,  1708.  Mr.  Listr 
at  Kipping.  There  was  King  of  Frances  2  grandsons,  Burbon 
&  Birry,  &  George  Chavilier  ye  Pretender  at  ye  fight  many 
slain,  many  taken." 

"Feb.  17th,  17089-  Thanksgiving  for  Army's  success  in 
fflandrs.  Taking  Lisle  aftr  2  moneths  besieged,  recovering 
Ghent  &  Bruges  &  two  fforts  from  ye  ffrench,  gaining  a  Batle 
at  Overard,  preserving  Brussels  wn.  besieged  &c. 

"  March  28,  1708.  Now  wee've  an  acoompt  of  ye  pretended 
prince  of  Wales  with  a  ffrench  Army  in  Scotland  at  Anderness. 

The  volume  called  Octavo  5  does  not  call  for  illustration 
here.  Nor  need  I  say  much  of  the  later  series  of  sermons  in 
the  handwriting  of  John  Firth.  Mr.  Hulme,  who  contributes  8, 
was  minister  at  Kipping.  The  sermon  preached  by  Mr.  Dodd- 
ridge, at  Northampton  in  1785,  is  strong  evidence  for  John 
Firth  being  the  interpolator  of  these  later  sermons,  as  we  find 
from  his  father's  account  book,  that,  he  was  at  Northampton 
from  Aug.  1785  to  Aug.  1786. 

In  conclusion,  I  may  claim  for  these  volumes  a  distinct  value 
as  material  for  the  history  of  Yorkshire  religious  life.  They 
bring  before  us  again  a  score  or  two  of  worthies  of  whom  we 
have  read  something  in  Galamy,  in  Oliver  Heywood,  or  in 
Joseph  Lister's  Autobiography ;  they  give  us  a  large  collection 
of  the  sermons  which  these  men  preached  and  listened  to,  with 
details  of  time  and  place,  which  speak  eloquently  of  persecution 
met  by  conscientious  perseverance;  they  show  besides  what 
rumours  from  the  outer  world  came  to  disturb  the  remote  & 
pious  congregation  of  the  West  Biding. 

Perhaps  I  may  be  permitted  hereafter  to  say  a  few  words  on 
more  general  points  which  are  raised  by  these  Hall  &  Firth 
MSS.  G.  C.  Moore  Smith. 

Berlin. 

York  Mint. — Your  correspondent  was  a  long  way  out  when 
he  wrote  his  account  of  the  York  coins,  which  were  not  struck 
at  York,  but  at  South wark  under  Sir  John  York,  Master  of 
that  Mint.  T.  W.  S. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  187 

$ iajjue  of  £ttrfelb.* 

Many  of  oar  readers  will  be  interested  in  hearing  that  upon 
the  occasion  of  opening  a  Vault  in  the  area  of  the  Old  Parish 
Church,  for  the  interment  of  the  late  Mr.  Greenwood,  of  Dews- 
bury  Moor  House,  a  stone  was  found  bearing  the  following 
inscription  : — There  was  a  Plague  in  the  Parish  of  Mirfield,  A.  D. 
1631,  whereof  died  140."  We  believe  the  Churchwardens 
propose  to  have  it  placed  in  the  wall  of  the  Old  Church  Tower. 

William  Rhodes,  of  Northorpe,  died  of  the  pestilence  on  the 
18th  September,  1681,  and  was  buried  near  the  Church  Porch 
on  the  20th  of  the  same  month,  as  appears  by  the  inscription 
on  his  grave-stone.  Agnes,  wife  of  William  Rhodes,  of  Nor- 
thorpe, died  of  the  same  epidemical  distemper,  and  was  buried 
6th  October,  1681.  Now  as  there  is  no  memorial  of  her  death 
upon  the  stone,  in  all  probability  she  and  many  more  were 
buried  near  their  own  dwellings.  I  find  Alice,  wife  of  Henry 
Wraith,  buried  June  1st,  1681,  and  it  is  said,  the  husband 
would  not  be  at  the  expense  of  getting  his  wife's  corpse  decently 
interred  at  a  convenient  distance  from  the  house,  which  oc- 
casioned the  following  Rhyme. 

Henry  Wraith  to  save  a  Crown, 
Buried  his  Wife  in  hay-stack  ground. 


JtttQEtt  anb  &fr*plor  Uri&ges. 

THE  FOLLOWING   IS   A   COPY   OF   A   CURIOUS   ENTRY   IN   THE   MIRFIELD 
PARISH   BEOISTEB,    RELATING   TO   LEDOARD   BRIDGE. 


Let  it  be  known  for  the  time  to  come,  of  the  many  suits  and 
troubles  that  were  between  Robert  Ledgard  and  the  parishioners 
of  Mirfield,  about  his  bridge  called  Ledgard  Bridge. 

1627. 
Robert  Ledgard,  about  the  year  of  our  Lord  1627,  did  lay  a 
pain  in  the  General  Quarter  Sessions,  on  the  inhabitants  of 
Mirfield,  of  1001,  to  repair  the  said  bridge,  and  by  the  advice  of 
John  Armytage,  Esquire,  and  Mr.  George  Thurgarland,  there 
were  eight  or  ten  of  the  oldest  men  in  Mirfield  provided  to  go 
to  the  Sessions,  who  entered  a  traverse  of  the  same,  and  by  the 
testimony  of  Thomas  Beaumont,  Richard  Lee,  Henry  Rhodes, 
and  others,  who  could  remember  the  first  foundation  of  the 
said  bridge,  and  that  Ledgard's  elders  did  build  it  only  for  the 
use  of  their  Mill,  and  that  before  ever  it  was  built,  they  kept  a 

'  We  are  indebted  to  Mr.  Nevin  and  Mr.  Chadwick,  for  the  Mirfield  Notes 
contained  in  the  following  pages. 


188  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

boat,  and  the  close  where  the  boat  was  is  called  still  Boat- 
houses,  and  so  he  was  cast  in  his  own  action,  and  when  he  saw 
he  could  not  prevail,  he  presently  after  set  on  workmen  and 
felled  timber  of  his  own,  and  begs  some  trees  of  others,  and 
also  begs  money  of  some,  who  made  use  of  his  Mill,  and  like- 
wise got  some  gatherings  in  neighbouring  parishes  for  it. 

1650. 
And  in  the  year  1650  he  brings  it  into  the  General  Sessions 
again,  and  the  Justices  flung  it  out  and  would  not  hear  him. 

1655. 
And  in  the  year  1655,  he  brings  an  information  against  the 
inhabitants  of  Mirfield  in  the  name  of  the  Lord  Protector,  and 
Mr.  Shaw,  his  Attorney,  returns  the  writ  again,  and  so  the 
town  was  fined  for  not  appearing,  and  11  and  odd  money  camo 
in  issues,  which  the  town  paid  before  they  knew,  and  they  then 
retained  Mr.  Peoples,  who  put  in  an  appearance,  and  it  came 
to  an  issue  at  Lammas  following,  and  there  he  was  non-suited. 

1656. 

And  he  brought  it  on  again  at  the  next  Lammas  Assizes 
following,  which  was  anno  1656,  and  was  also  cast  there  by  the 
testimony  of  Eichard  Beaumont,  of  Liversedge,  who  made  a 
relation  of  the  first  Session's  business. 

And  presently  after  the  Assizes,  the  said  Robert  Ledgard, 
and  Edward  Hep  worth,  together  hire  Joseph  Senior  and  his 
man  to  repair  and  prop  it,  and  also  found  wood  and  paid  them 
their  wages. 

1657. 

And  again  in  the  year  1657,  after  the  death  of  Robert 
Ledgard,  John  Ledgard,  his  son,  and  some  others,  adjacent 
neighbours  of  their  own  accord,  and  especially  for  their  own 
ends,  did  amend  and  repair  that  remaining  at  the  far  end,  and 
sent  Hirsts'  wife  of  Snake  Hill,  and  Will  Walker's  wife,  to  go 
about  to  beg  money  where  they  thought  they  could  get  enough 
to  pay  wages  with. 

These  are  the  particulars  of  the  several  lawsuits  about  Led- 
gard Bridge  in  the  17th  century,  inserted  in  the  Parish  Register 
for  a  memorandum  to  posterity. 


Note — The  Mr.  Peoples,  above  mentioned,  will  most  probably  l>e  Mr. 
John  Peobles,  or  Peebles,  who  wan  a  Barrister  and  some  time  Clerk  of  the 
Peace  for  the  West-Riding.  He  was  first  Steward,  and  afterwards  by 
purchase,  Lord  of  the  Manor  of  Dewsbnry.  For  his  many  misdeeds  he 
obtained  the  title  of  "the  Devil  of  Dewsbnry."  There  is  a  tablet  to  his 
memory  in  the  Chancel  of  Dewsbnry  Church.  Some  curious  particulars 
about  Mr.  Peebles  may  be  seen  in  Greenwood's  History  of  Dewsbnry,  page 
119,  and  in  note  B  to  Sir  Walter  Scott's  poem  of  Rokeby.  See  also  Oliver 
Heywood's  Diarie*%  where  Mr.  Peebles  is  mentioned  as  taking  part  in  a 
drinking  bout  at  Nunbrook. 


YORKSHIBE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  189 

This  biidge,  in  1714,  was  only  a  footbridge,  and  the  ford  was 
called  Cow-ford.  In  1717  the  sum  of  80/  was  allowed  towards 
repairing  it  by  order  of  Sessions,  as  appears  by  the  Sessions 
Record  book. 

In  1767,  Ootober  7th,  this  bridge  was  taken  down  by  the 
largest  flood  ever  remembered,  with  eleven  neighbouring 
bridges ;  and  at  Pontefract  Sessions,  1768,  Sir  John  Kaye,  of 
Grange,  and  others,  obtained  an  order  there  for  it  to  be  put  on 
Agbrigg  Wapontake ;  and  referred  it  to  Sir  Geo.  Armytage,  and 
others,  to  contract  for  rebuilding  it,  and  agreed  with  Joseph 
Annitage,  and  Henry  Wheatley,  Carpenters,  of  Mirfield,  to  do 
it  for  180/ ;  besides  part  of  the  old  materials.  It  was  finished 
that  year. 

A  stone  bridge  of  four  arches,  for  carriages,  was  commenced 
in  the  Autumn  of  1799,  a  little  above  the  old  wooden  bridge 
above  mentioned,  but  owing  to  the  waters  coming  on,  nothing 
more  than  the  Hopton  end  pier,  and  the  next  one  to  it,  were 
got  up.  The  bridge  was  finished  in  the  year  1800 ;  and  at 
Bradford  Sessions  in  the  year  1818,  one  hundred  yards  of  the 
road  through  Milnfold,  was  indicted  for  non -repair,  and  sub- 
mitted to  by  the  Wapontake,  and  set  with  E Hand-Edge  Stones 
in  December  1818,  and  January  1819. 

The  following  is  a  copy  of  the  original  subscription  list,  for 
snbstituting  a  stone  bridge  in  the  place  of  the  wooden  one. 
The  original  list  was  written  on  parchment  with  a  deed  stamp 
impressed,  and  in  October,  1836,  was  in  the  possession  of  Mr. 
Richard  Hurst,  Maltster,  East-thorpe. 
May,  1798. 

The  Bridge  called  Ledgard  Bridge,  over  the  river  Calder, 
leading  from  Mirfield  to  Hopton,  (and  likewise  the  King's 
Highway  from  Bradford  to  Barnsley),  is  in  a  dangerous  situ- 
ation and  much  out  of  repair,  therefore  it  was  indicted  at  the 
General  Quarter  Sessions,  held  at  Pontefract.  The  present 
bridge  being  only  a  pack  and  prime  bridge,  application  was 
made  at  the  Sessions,  that  it  might  be  converted  into  a  carriage 
bridge,  but  standing  upon  the  Wapontake  as  a  pack  and  prime 
bridge,  the  Court  could  not  so  order  it.  Mr.  Hartley,  the 
Bridge  Surveyor,  produced  an  estimate  of  the  expense  of  the 
repairs  of  the  present  bridge,  which  amounted  to  880/  or  850/ 
(the  figures  being  nearly  illegible  in  the  original,)  likewise  a 
plan  and  estimate  of  a  stone  carriage  bridge,  which  amounted 
1,799/. 

It  appeared  to  the  Court,  that  a  carriage  bridge  would  be 
more  convenient  to  the  public,  than  repairing  the  present  pack 
and  prime  bridge,  but  if  the  same  is  undertook  for  a  carriage 
bridge,  they  have  ordered  that  550/  be  allowed  and  paid  to- 
wards the  building  the  same,  and  farther  gratuity  will  be 
allowed  when  the  bridge  is  completely  finished.     TI19  Court 


190 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


having  so  generously  come  forward  (though  the  remaining  sum 
to  complete  a  carriage  bridge  will  be  1,250/),  it  will  require 
large  subscriptions  for  performing  the  same,  and  without  which 
a  carriage  bridge  can't  be  obtained. 

Therefore,  we,  whose  names  are  hereunto  set,  being  well  per- 
suaded of  the  great  advantage  the  Country  will  derive  from  a 
Carriage  bridge  instead  of  a  pack  and  priine  bridge,  do  hereby 
severally  and  not  jointly,  agreo  to  subscribe  and  to  pay  unto 
Mr.  Joshua  Ingham,  the  treasurer  appointed  for  the  said  bridge, 
the  several  sums  of  money  set  opposite  to  our  respective  names, 
upon  demand  towards  the  making  of  such  a  carriage  bridge. 


G.  Armytage      100 
R.H.Beaumont  100 
R.LumleySavile  50 
John  Lister  Kaye  80 
Wm.  Norris,  as 
Clark  to  the 
Calder    and 
Hebble  Navi- 
gation 


50    0 


£    s. 

31  10 
42  0 
21  0 
21    0 


Joshua  Ingham 
Joshua  Hint 
J.  Stanoliffe 
Richard  Hurst 
Wm.  and  Thos. 

Dawson 
JasMicklethwaitelO  10 
John  and  Thos. 

Wheatley 
Chas.  Wooler 
Josa.  Smith 
Josa.  Haigh 


21    0 


21  0 
21  0 
15  15 
10  10 


Richd.Wheatley 
Thos.  Wheatley 
Wm.  Ledgard 
Thos.  Oxley 
Josh.  Hall 
Richd.  Batley 
Levi  Sheard 


Mr.  Frans.  Sykes  6    5 

Note. — £15  15  0  is  written  in  pencil  opposite  Charles  Wooler's  name,  and 
the  columns  are  cast-up  in  pencil  as  follows : — 


First    - 
Second 
Third    - 


£830 

214 

-     9 


n  f  Being  11  too  little  on  the  supposition  that 
u  (         C.  Wooler  only  paid  £15  15  0. 
0 


County 
More 


553  14  0 

550    0  0 

416  13  4 

£1,620    7  4 


From  a  note  on  the  copy  subscription  list,  from  which  this 
copy  is  taken,  it  appears  that  the  deficiency  in  the  subscriptions 
was  paid  by  the  gentlemen  who  entered  into  the  contract  with 
the  builders  (Luke  Holt  and  another),  the  "  further  gratuity" 
which  was  promised  at  the  sessions  having  been  refused. 

Ledgard  Mill,  adjoining  Ledgard  Bridge,  takes  its  name  from 
the  Ledgard  Family.  The  bridge  and  mill,  and  a  kiln  adjoin- 
ing, were  carried  away  by  a  flood,  10th  Septr.,  1673.  The  mill 
and  kiln  were  rebuilt  of  stone  by  Mr.  Matthew  Wilkinson,  of 
Oreenhead,  in  1678. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  191 

SHEPLEY    BRIDGE. 


This  bridge  appears  to  have  been  first  built  in  the  year  1732. 
Before  it  was  built  there  was  a  ferry  across  the  river  at  the 
place  now  called  Boathouse;  near  Broad  Oaks.  The  bridge  was 
repaired  by  the  Wapontake,  in  the  year  1766,  and  again  in 
1811.  It  is  a  bridle  bridge,  in  connection  with  the  bridle 
roads,  leading  past  Cote  Wall,  and  the  Reformatory,  to  Whitley 
and  Thornhill,  and  past  New  Hall  to  Liley  Lane.  The  neigh- 
bouring Mills,  now  called  Low  Mills,  Were  formerly  called 
Shepley  Mills,  and  both  the  bridge  and  the  mills  are  named 
from  the  Shepley  family,  one  of  whom  named  Edward,  occupied 
the  mills  under  the  Hoptons,  of  Blake  Hall,  in  the  16th 
Century.  By  a  deed  dated  18th  March,  1652,  Christopher 
Hopton,  of  Wortley,  Esq.,  and  John  Hopton,  his  son  and  heir 
apparent,  for  and  in  consideration  of  the  sum  of  200//  sold  to 
Miles  Stapleton,  of  Wighill,  Esq.,  all  the  Manor  or  Lordship 
called  Blake  Hall,  otherwise  Blackall,  or  Hopton  (i.e.  Hopton 
House.)  And  all  those  mills,  situate  and  being  in  Mirfield, 
commonly  called  Shepley  Mills,  in  the  occupation  of  Robert 
Holdsworth. 


Bretton  Hall  Ballad. — It  is  a  mistake  to  state  that  the 
"original1'  Bretton  Hall  Ballad  was  printed  by  J  as.  Watts, 
Heckmondwike.  He  printed  ballads,  songs,  &c,  for  tramping 
hawkers,  and  copy  would  undoubtedly  be  supplied  by  persons 
who  hawked  them.  Spen  Valley. 


Urufs. 

From  a  little  book  called  How  to  write  the  History  of  a  Parish 
we  learn  that  "Royal  Letters  Patent  authorising  collections  for 
charitable  purposes  within  churches,  were  called  « Briefs.' 
Lists  of  them,  from  the  time  of  Elizabeth  downwards,  are 
often  to  be  found  on  the  fly  leaves  of  old  register  books,  or  in 
churchwardens'  accounts.  The  repair  or  re-building  of  churches 
in  post-reformation  days,  until  nearly  the  beginning  of  the 
Catholic  Revival  was  almost  invariably  effected  by  this  method. 
About  the  middle  of  last  century,  owing  to  the  growing 
frequency  of  briefs,  it  was  ordered  that  they  should  only  be 
granted  on  the  formal  application  of  Quarter  Sessions." 

The  following  is  a  copy  of  all  the  entries  relating  to  Briefs  in 
the  Old  Churchwardens'  book,  kept  in  the  Vestry  of  Mirfield 
Parish  Church.  This  book  is  in  a  very  dilapidated  state,  and 
we  venture  to  suggest  that  it  should  be  carefully  re-bound.  It 
contains  many  curious  entries  and  particulars  of  parish  meet- 
ings, commencing  in  the  year  1686:—  April  ye  18,   1690. 


192        YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

Collected  for  the  Briefe  of  East  Smithfield,  in  Midlesex,  the 
sum  of  three  shillings  and  three  half-pence. 

Witnesse  our  hands,  Rich.  Margerison,  Vic. 

«-*—{&  ssr* 

Collected  for  the  Irish  Protestants  by  a  briefe  in  the  f 
Parish  of  Mirfield,  the  sum  of  one  pound  thirteen]   1    13    6 
shillings  and  sixpence.  ( 

Collected  for  the  Briefe  of  Bungay  in  Suffolke,  six  shillings  and 
three  pence. 

These  three  collections  appear  all  to  have  been  made  on  the 
same  day  and  are  all  signed  by  the  Vicar  and  Churchwardens. 

May  the  5th,  1690.     Collected  for  the  Brieve  of  New  Alers- 
ford,  in  Hampshire,  the  sum  of  five  shillings  and  two  pence. 

Signatures  as  before. 

June  ye  8th,  1690.     Collected  for  ye  Irish  Brieve  the  sum  of 
three  shillings,  seaven  pence  halfe-peny. 

R.  Margerison,  Vic. 

Aug.  ye  8rd,  1690.     Collected  upon  ye  Brieve  for  St.  Ives, 
three  shillings,  three  pence  halfe-peny. 

Same  signatures  as  last  brief. 
Aug.  ye  10,  1690.     Collected  upon  ye  Brieve  for  Stafford, 
the  summ  of  two  shillings,  four  pence  halfe-peny. 

Same  signatures  as  last  brief. 
1691.    Collected  upon  ye  Brieve  for  (name  not  legible)  three 
shillings  and  one  peny. 

Signed  by  R.  Margerison  and  Wm.  Hepworth. 
Collected  upon  ye  Brieve  for  Thirsk,  ye  sum  of  two  shillings 
and  two  pence. 

Signed  as  last  brief. 
Collected  upon  ye  Brieve  for  Clayborne,  ye  sum  of  two 
shillings  and  two  pence  and  halfe-peny. 

Signed  as  last  brief. 
April  ye  20th,  1695.     Collected  upon  ye  briefe  for  York,  ye 
sum  of  seven  shillings  and  ten  pence. 

Rich.  Margerison,  Vic. 

SS^E*  }<*■>*■-*- 

September  ye  26,  1694.     Collected  upon  ye  French  Protest- 
ants Briefe,  ye  sum  of  fourteen  shillings. 

Same  signatures  as  last  brief. 
Aprill  ye  14,  1695.     Collected  upon  ye  Briefe  for  nether 
haven  and  Hivelton  (this  name  is  doubtful)  ye  sum  of  three 
shillings. 

Same  signatures  as  last  brief. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  198 

Hhtg's  Urofs. 

The  Churchwardens1  accounts  of  the  parish  of  East  Budleigh, 
Devonshire,  contain  long  lists  of  Collections  for  Briefs.  These 
were  fairly  responded  to  by  the  inhabitants  from  the  date  of 
the  first  recorded  collection  on  Nov.  5,  1669,  until  the  last 
quarter  of  the  18th  century,  when  the  donations  were  few  and 
far  between.  The  following  list  contains  all  that  relate  to 
Yorkshire. 

s.   d. 

"  1684.    Collected  for  Bunswick  in  Yorksheere,      8    6  ob. 

The  record  of  a  collection  made  at  Clent  in 
Staffordshire,  in  the  same  year  (1684)  upon  a  brief, 
gives  full  details  of  its  object  (N.  <£•  Q.  5th  s.,  iv.  449.) 

"  Bunswick.  Collect.  Aug.  8,  upo'  a  Brief  for  ye 
inhabitants  of  Bunswick,  in  ye  North  Biding  of  ye 
cou'ty  of  York,  wch.  sd.  Town  standing  wtin  a  Bay 
on  ye  side  of  a  greate  Hill  wch  opening  about  ye 
middle  ye  town  did  slip  down  from  it.    08.07." 

1685.  Collected  in  the  prish  of  Est  budligh  for 
the  poore  suffers  by  fier  of  Sicklinghall  in  the 
County  of  York*,  the  sume  of  too  shilens  and  one 
half-peny. 

1706.  Colected  within  our  prish  for  and  towards 
Bepear  of  the  Collegiate  Church  of  St.  John  in 
towne  of  Benerley,  in  the  County  of  York,  eighten 
penc  halfpeny. 

1720.  Colected  fore  Ingman  thorpe  and  norton 
vnder  Cannock  Conabor  [Com:  Ebor. ?]  and 
Stafford  fore  fire  ...  ...  ...        0    8 

Colected  fore  Ingman  trop  and  norton  vnd  canock 
in  Com.  Ebor  and  Staford  fore  fire  County  of  York    0    2 

[The  two  preceding  entries  follow  each  other. 
It  is  not  probable  that  one  brief  included  two  places 
so  widely  apart.  Very  likely  the  recorder  muddled 
the  two  collections.] 

Colected  for  Saint  Olaues  Church  near  the  Cyti 
of  York  ...  ...  ...  ...    0    2 

1721.  Collected  a  briefe  for  Eingson  upon  Hull, 
the  sume  of  six  pence. 

1728.  Collected  a  brieffe  for  Yarme  in  the  County 
of  Yorke  the  sume  of  three  pence. 

1780.  Coleted  for  Ouston  Church  in  Com  Ebor 
the  sum  of  three  pens. 

1782.  Jan.  21. — Collectd  a  breefe  for  austerfeild 
in  Count.  York  ...  ...  ...    1     2 

1785.  Octob.  20.— Collectd  a  breefe  for  Empsay 
inCoxnEber  ...  ...  ...  ...    0  10 

Y.N.Q.  K 


194.  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

1759.  For  Tadcaster  Church  in  the  County  of 

York  ...                 ...                 ...                ...  0  4 

1766.  Hail  Storm  in  York  Shier    ...                ...  0  2 

1768.  Walkington  Fire  County  of  York  ...  0  0 

1769.  Inundation  in  York  Share   ...  ...  0  8* 

1784.  March  ye  14.  one  for  East  Coltingwith 
Chaple  in  ye  count  York   ...  ...  ...    0    0 

March  ye  28,  one  for  Saint  Anne's  Chapel  in  ye 
Count  York      ...  ...  ...  ...    0    0 

1785.  febery  27,  one  for  Ecclesall  Chapel        ...    0    0 
The  Remainder  are  headed  in  each  'Annual  List — "  Briefs 

Published  in  East  Budleigh  Church,"  and  the  amounts  appended 
to  each  entry,  are  those  for  which  each  brief  was  issued,  except 
in  the  year  1810,  which  omits  them.  "Nothing  collected"  is 
added  to  most  of  the  entries. 

"  1788.  Bolsterstone  Chapel  in  Com.  York 
1790.  Hemingborough  Fire  in  Com.  York 
1795.     Maultby  Church  in  Com.  York 

1798.  Arncliffe  Church  in  Com.  York 
Boltby  Chapel  in  Com.  York 

1799.  Coley  Chapel  in  Com.  York 

1800.  Felbeck  Mill  Fire  in  Com.  York 
Deanhead  Chapel  in  Com.  York 

1808.     Alne  and  appleton  Boebuok  fire  Yourk  894 

1804.  Ey ton  fire    Yourk 

1805.  Grindleton  Chapel    Yourk 

1806.  Coley  Chapel  in  York 
Kingley  Church  in  Yourk 
Wibsey  Chapel  in  Yourk    ... 

1807.  Luddenden  Church  C.  of  York 
Follifoot  Fire  C.  of  York 

1810.     Wibsey  Chapel,     [collected  0.  0.] 

Haworth  Fire.       [      „        1.  0.] 
1812.     Froston  Church  in  the  County  of  York  750    0    0 

Luddenden  Chapel  in  the  County  of 
York 
1814.    Dean  Chapel  in  Com.  York 

1818.  St.  Ann's  Chapel  in  Com.  York 

[collected]  6d. 
Luddenden  Chapel  in  Com.  York 
[collected!  6d. 

1819.  Saint  John's  Chapel  in  Com.  York 
Deanhead  Chapel  in  Com.  York 
Doncaster  Fire  in  Com.  York 

1820.  Fylingdale's  Church  in  Com.  York 
Thornton  Chapel  in  Com.  York 

1821.  Luddenden  Chapel  in  Com.  York 


£         8. 

d. 

1285  18 

5 

566  0 

0 

1706  14 

1 

567  10 

9i 

878  8 

6 

1161  18 

6 

670  14 

8 

578  12  10 

k894  8 

0 

508  6 

0 

664  8 

0 

1064  10 

8 

2060  2 

12  [sic] 

888  14  * 

9 

1408  18 

0 

806  0 

0 

1255 

15 

0 

580 

11 

4 

989 

7 

9J 

1055 

14 

9 

478 

4 

10 

428 

8 

11* 

6000 

0 

0 

885 

18 

2 

882 

6 

0 

946 

8  10i 

YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  .195 

Woodkirk  in  Com.  York 
SowerbyBridgeChapelinCom.York  4111 
Kettlewell  Church  in  Com.  York 
1828.    Hampthwaste  Church  in  Com.  York 
1£24.    Deanhead  Chapel  in  Com.  York 

Fylingdale's  Church  in  Com.  York 
Drypool  Church  in  Com.  York 
Calverley  Mills  Fire  in  Com.  York 
[collected]  Is. 
1825.    Redcar  Chapel  in  Com.  York 
[collected]  Is. 
Hampswaste  Church  in  Com.  York 
Low  Harrogate  Church  in  Com. York 
[collected]  Is. 
1827.    Longwood  Chapel  in  Com.  York 
It  will  be  noticed  that  when  the  same  place  for  which  a 
Collection  is  sought,  has  had  its  brief  presented  on  several 
occasions,  the  amount  stated  to  be  required  gradually  dimin- 
ishes.   Presumably  the  difference  will  show  the  total  amount 
received  since  the  date  on  which  the  brief  was  formerly  pre- 
sented.    To  those  who  are  interested  in  this   subject  full 
information  will  be  found  in  a  paper  by  the  late  Cornelius 
Walford,  entitled — "  Kings'  Briefs :  their  purposes  and  history,1' 
in  vol.  x.  of  the  Transactions  of  the  Royal  Historical  Society. 
Salterton,  Devon.  J.  N.  Brushfteld,  M.D. 


572  11 

0 

4111  4 

iH 

892  8 

0 

890  10 

0 

249  8 

1* 

661  18 

0 

1990  0 

0 

8856  16 

0 

1700  0 

0 

595  5 

0 

2000  0 

0 

417  5 

3.' 

Backing  ^tcol. 

The  following  note  is  by  the  late  Mr.  Wm.  Turner,  of  Hopton : 
"  There  was  formerly  a  ducking  stool  in  Mirneld.  On  the 
9th  June,  1818,  Mr.  Hirst  and  self  saw  old  Wm.  Swift,  of 
Quarry  Hole  (aged  upwards  of  87),  who  said  he  could  remember 
it  very  well  but  never  knew  it  used.  It  stood  a  little  nearer  to 
the  church  than  where  the  pinfold  now  is.  In  the  accounts  of 
Michael  Sheard,  who  served  the  office  .of  constable  as  deputy 
for  Samuel  Senior  for  a  house  at  the  sheep  ings,  in  Hopton, 
for  part  of  the  years  1719  and  1720, 1  find  the  following  entry: 

'For  the  cuck  stool  repairing 8s.  6d.' 

The  punishment  of  the  ducking  stool  was  formerly  inflicted  for 
correction  and  cooling  of  scolds  and  unquiet  women.  It  was 
also  anciently  inflicted  upon  bakers  and  brewers,*  offending 

*  In  every  Court  Leet  a  person  called  an  Ale-taster  was  formerly  appointed 
to  look  to  the  assize  and  goodness  of  Ale  and  Beer  within  the  Lordship.  In 
the  early  Court  Rolls  of  the  Manor  of  Dewsbury  of  the  time  when  Queen 
Elizabeth  was  Lady  of  the  Manor,  there  are  many  entries  of  persons  having 
brewed  and  sold  Ale  contrary  to  the  assize,  and  who  were  therefore  fined  ijd. 
(2d.)  each.  We  find  no  entries  of  such  persons  having  incurred  the  penalty 
of  the  Ducking  Stool,  but  possibly  a  more  careful  examination  of  the  Rolls 


196  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIE8. 

against  the  laws.  It  was  a  kind  of  chair  or  stool,  fixed  at  one 
end  of  a  long  pole  which  hung  over  a  pond  of  water,  and  swung 
upon  a  bar  or  post  somewhat  like  a  balance,  and  the  party 
punished  was  fastened  into  the  chair  and  immersed  oyer  head 
and  ears  in  the  pond,  and  the  more  offensive  the  water  pus 
and  the  better. 

This  mode  of  punishment  has  been  suffered  to  decay  and  be- 
come almost  obsolete,  though  there  was  one  of  those  engines 
existing  at  the  end  of  Dawgreen,  nearest  to  Dewsbury,  about 
the  place  where  the  dam  or  reservoir  belonging  to  Mr.  Todd's 
oil  mill  is,  within  the  memory  of  many  persons  now  living. 
Mr.  Hirst  of  Hagg,  can  recollect  seeing  it  when  he  was  young." 


(Extracts  from  tfr*  Biarjj  of  ifr*  &*b.  I.  f  smag. 

A  chronological  account  of  some  memorable  events  in  and 
about  Mirfield,  &c. 

1722.    May  18th— Rippon den  Flood. 

1729.    Nov.  19th— Bournans  Flood. 

1786.  An  apple  tree  near  the  Vicarage  blossomed  and  set 
for  fruit  nine  times,  and  produced  ripe  fruit  at  five  different 
times  this  year,  and  what  is  very  remarkable  it  was  in  blossom 
on  Xmas  Day,  and  a  red  rose  full  blown,  in  the  hedge  by  it. 

1788.  Dec.  80th—  An  earthquake  felt  at  Mirfield.  I  per- 
ceived my  bed  to  rock,  and  the  chamber  to  shake,  at  Kirklees, 
where  I  then  lived. 

1789.  Methodism  first  propagated  at  Mirfield,  by  Ben 
Ingham,  clerk. 

A  great  frost  which  began  on  Christmas  Day  and  lasted 
9  weeks. 

1740.  April  26th. — A  riot  began  at  Dewsbury,  where  1,500 
and  upwards  were  assembled,  and  prooeeded  to  Mirfield,  <fec. 
They  mustered  their  crew  and  beat  up  their  drum  by  the 
Vicarage  in  Mirfield. 

1740.  Aug.  25th. — Buried  Ann  Holdsworth,  of  Little  Lon- 
don, aged  102.  She  could  see  to  thread  a  needle,  sew  and  knit 
without  spectacles. 

which  are  very  lengthy  and  difficult  to  read,  may  discover  some  reference  to 
this  now  obsolete  instrument  of  justice. 

A  Court  Leet  is  a  Court  of  Record  with  power  to  punish  offences  against 
the  Crown.  It  is  held  in  some  large  Manors,  as  the  Manor  of  Wakefield, 
and  the  Steward  of  the  Manor  is  the  Judge.  The  Lord  of  the  Leet  ought 
formerly  to  have  had  a  pillory  and  a  Ducking  Stool  to  punish  offenders,  but 
these  Courts  are  now  nearly  obsolete. 

The  word  assize  above  mentioned  means  a  statute  or  ordinance  of  Parlia- 
ment. 

Numerous  acts  of  Parliaments  were  passed  in  former  days  regulating  the 
sale  of  Bread  and  Ale,  and  these  were  commonly  known  as  the  assize  of 
Bread  and  Ale. 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.        197 

In  January,  died  Mr.  John  Philips,  of  Thorner,  near  Leeds, 
in  the  101st  year  of  his  age.* 

1741.  Feby.  4. — A  new  market  begun  at  Dewsbury. 

1742.  June  29th.— £2  lis.  8d.  collected  in  the  parish  of 
Mirfield  for  the  Propagation  of  the  Gospel  in  Foreign  Parts. 

The  Vicarage  of  Mirfield  augmented  a  second  time. 

1748.  June  22nd. — 102  persons  confirmed  at  Wakefield 
from  the  parish  of  Mirfield,  by  Dr.  Thomas  Herring,  Arch- 
bishop of  York,  (now  of  Canterbury.)     • 

Dec.  28rd. — A  very  splendid  comet  was  seen,  in  the  signs 
Aries  and  Pisces,  it  continued  visible  to  Feb.  20th. 

1748.  Dec.  11th. — (ye  shortest  day}  14  persons  were  pub- 
lished in  Mirfield  Church,  and  24  couples  in  ye  year. 

1744.  An  estate  purchased  at  Ribston  in  Craven  for  ye  per- 
petual augmentation  of  the  Vicarage  of  Mirfield. 

Sept.  18th. — The  harvest  flood.  A  late  frost  which  continued 
till  near  Lady  Day.    Fruits  of  all  sorts  in  abundance  this  year. 

1745.  Subscribed  and  paid  by  the  inhabitants  of  Mirfield 
towards  ye  maintenance  of  ye  Yorkshire  Buffs,  £SS  14s.  6d. 

A  dividend  of  12s.  in  ye  pound  was  returned. 

Nine  persons  were  drowned  in  Calder  near*  Mirfield,  from 
Nov.  1789,  to  Dec.  1745. 

Saturday,  Nov.  80th. — Dies  fuit  memorabilia  et  tremebundus, 
commonly  called  runaway  Saturday,  because  a  rumour  was 
spread  thro'  most  towns  in  ye  neighbourhood  yt.  the  Rebels 
were  approaching  them. 

Sunday,  Dec.  1st. — The  people  at  Huddersfield,  Mirfield,  &c, 
were  put  into  a  prodigious  panic  by  ye  Lancashire  Militia 
Officers,  suspecting  them  to  be  Rebels.  A  wonlan  at  Hudders- 
field was  frightened  to  death  with  the  report  of  the  Rebels 
approaching  the  place.  The  coal  pits  at  Mirfield  Moor  and 
other  places  were  stocked  with  clothes  and  provisions,  and  this 
day  few  women  attending  Divine  Service  for  want  of  apparel, 
when  ye  congregation  were  entertained  with  the  finest  notes  of 
a  robin  red  breast  I  ever  heard.  The  bird  was  both  more 
musical  and  familiar  than  at  other  times. 

1745.  Dec.  10th. — A  detachment  of  Marshall  Wade's  army 
proceed  to  Mirfield,  but  are  suddenly  recalled  to  ye  camp  at 
Wakefield  in  order  to  march  back  to  Leeds. 

1745.  Dec.  80.  Carlisle  surrendered  to  the  Duke  of  Cumber- 
land. Dec.  28.  The  cannons  at  Carlisle  heard  to  Mirfield,  6} 
minutes  past  9.     (  !  !  ) 

1746.  Sept. — 15  young  persons  died  of  small  pox  in  Mirfield 
this  month,  and  in  ye  whole  89. 

A  new  tax  upon  windows. 

1747.  Orders  for  cattle  read  in  Churches. 

•  Notice  the  difference  in  age,  tee  p.  186,  Folk-Lore. 


198  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

June  1st. — 86  persons  from  Mirfield  confirmed  at  Wakefield. 

Saturday,  June  18. — Trinity  flood.  This  was  preceded  by  a 
violent  storm  and  lightning. 

August  21st. — Died  at  Kirklees,  Sir  Samuel  Armytage,  Bart,, 
aged  52. 

Fine  harvest  weather  and  a  plentiful  crop,  scanty  of  apples 
and  nut 8. 

1748.  A  new  stone  wall  erected  on  the  north  side  of  the 
Moor.     Locusts  in  Mirfield  and  other  parts  of  this  kingdom. 

July  14th. — A  great  solar  eclipse. 

1742.  August  7th. — An  extraordinary  Aurora  Borealis  at 
Mirfield. 

July  9th. — A  remarkable  whirlwind  near  the  Vicarage. 

1750.  A  violent  storm  of  thunder  and  lightning  at  Mirfield. 
22nd. — A  fiery  meteor.     A  hot  dry  summer  at  Mirfield. 

This  year  has  been  remarkable  for  earthquakes  and  ye  A. 
Borealis. 

February  26th. — A  violent  storm  of  wind  and  rain. 

1751.  A  wet  summer  and  late  harvest. 

1752.  January. — A  great  snow  this  month  for  11  days 
together. 

1758.     March. — A  great  wind  for  8  days  together. 
June. — Riots  about  turnpikes  in  Yorkshire. 

1754.  Feb.  26th.—  A  meteor  seen  at  Mirfield. 

April  19.  The  shock  of  an  earthquake  felt  at  Mirfield, 
Leeds,  York,  &c. 

A  hard  frosty  winter,  a  cold  sharp  spring,  a  wet  summer  and 
a  fine  autumn. 

Chin  cough  And  small-pox  in  Mirfield. 

Eatables  of  all  sorts  extravagantly  dear  in  ye  spring. 

1755.  Multitudes  of  earwigs  about  the  houses  in  Mirfield 
and  other  places.  A  very  wet  and  cold  summer,  harvest  and 
autumn. 

Oct.  15th. — Gave  tickets  to  182  persons  to  be  confirmed  at 
Halifax  by  Dr.  Edward  Keen,  Bishop  of  Chester,  who  confirmed 
2,600. 

Nov. — Several  acres  of  land  in  and  about  Mirfield,  rendered 
too  wet  and  incapable  of  being  sown  with  wheat  this  season. 

1758.  21  children  died  of  small  pox  and  only  2  of  chin 
cough. 

1754.  Of  ye  small-pox  and  chin  cough  11. 

1755.  Nov.  1st. — A  most  dreadful  and  extensive  earthquake 
in  Portugal  and  various  parts  of  Europe. 

Several  ponds  and  lakes  violently  agitated  in  many  parts  of 
England. 

1756.  Tempests,  storms,  hurricanes,  thunder,  lightning, 
and  other  Phenomena  have  never  been  known  so  frequent 
throughout  Great  Britain  as  in  the  winter  1755-6. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  199 

Feb.  6th. — Fast  day  for  the  earthquakes  at  Lisbon. 

Feb.  14th. — Died  Mrs.  Eltoff,  of  Ledstone,  Yorkshire,  aged 
114,  she  retained  her  senses  till  within  a  few  hours  of  her  death. 

Feb.  28th. — Died  6.  Wilcock,  Bishop  of  Rochester,  &e. 

May  8th. — Fairs  opened  in  Yorkshire  for  ye  sale  of  horned 
cattle,  being  prohibited  for  upwards  of  nine  years. 

May  18th. — War  declared  against  ye  French  in  London. 

May  25th. — War  proclaimed  against  ye  French  at  Leeds. 

June  4th. — A  most  violent  storm  of  hail,  &c. 

16th. — War  declared  against  ye  English  by  the  French. 

24th. — Much  lightning  in  ye  evening,  it  continued  for  some 
time  in  a  continual  blaze  at  Mirfield. 

May  28th.— The  Port  of  St.  Philips  in  the  Island  of  Minorca 
surrendered  to  the  French. 

July  5th. — Apple  and  Plum  trees  in  blossom  a  second  time 
this  year  in  my  garden. 

July  22nd. — The  Marine  Society  Instituted  in  London.  The 
price  of  wheat  began  to  advance,  which  occasioned  mobs  to 
arise  in  different  parts  of  ye  kingdom. 

Oct.  7th.  A  very  extraordinary  and  extensive  hurricane 
about  1  in  the  morng. 

Nov.  25th. — Died  Mr.  Thos.  Clarke,  Rector  of  Eirkheaton 
and  Swillington,  aged  81. 

1757.  March  14th. — Admiral  Byng  shot  on  board  ye  Mon- 
arque. 

16th. — A  great  hurricane  of  wind  at  Liverpool,  Chester,  &c, 
by  which  much  damage  was  done  by  sea  and  land. 

19th. — Died  in  ye  Parish  of  Tadcaster,  John  Shepherd,  aged 
109.     He  had  lived  in  a  cave  on  Bramham  Moors  many  years. 

Sept. — Riots  in  several  places  about  the  Militia  Act. 

26th. — A  Comet  appears  about  this  time. 

80th.— Died  at  Bath,  David  Hartley,  M.D.  and  F.R.S.,  aged 
58. 

Sept.  15. — A  great  riot  at  Manchester. 

Oct.  19th. — Died  at  Constantinople,  Sultan  Osman,  Grand 
Bignor  and  Emperor  of  the  Turks. 

Seven  battles  fought  by  ye  King  of  Prussia  this  year,  besides 
ye  siege  of  Prague  and  a  great  number  of  skirmishes. 

A  very  droughty  hot  summer. 

All  sorts  of  grain  and  provisions  at  an  excessive  and  extra- 
vagant price. 

1758.  Jan.  29th. — Died  at  Moor  Town,  near  Leeds,  James 
Goodrich,  aged  104. 

A  new  workhouse  erected  and  opened  in  Mirfield,  in  May. 

An  Act  of  Parliament  obtained,  for  extending  ye  navigation 
of  ye  river  thro'  Mirfield  to  Sowerby  Bridge. 

Aug.  9th.— A  Confirmation  at  Wakefield  by  the  Bishop  of 
St.  Asaph. 


200  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

22nd.  —The  new  Market  house  for  coloured  cloth  was  opened 
at  Leeds. 
*    July  27th. — A  great  flood  about  Wig  ton,  in  Cumberland. 

Nov.  26th. — A  remarkable  meteor  seen  at  Newcastle,  &c. 

Dec.  29th. — A  ball  of  fire  seen  at  Colchester,  moving  N.E. 

Deo.  20th.— Died  at  E aland,  Mr.  Rd.  Detly,  aged  58.  In 
this  memorable  and  glorious  year  we  had  a  plentiful  crop,  and 
have  seen  ye  British  Flag  restored  to  its  Ancient  dignity,  by 
being  victorious  in  almost  every  part  of  ye  world. 

1759.  A  dry  Summer  and  Autumn. 

A  malignant  fever  in  Mir  field,  which  continued  six  years. 

Jan.  27th.— An  Ox  was  lately. killed  at  Lowther  Hall,  which 
weighed  84  stone  and  a  quarter,  and  had  19  stone  of  tallow 
taken  out  of  him. 

July  5th. — A  parhelion  seen  about  the  setting  of  the  sun  at 
Mirfield. 

Sept.  2nd. — Died  at  Thornhill,  Mr.  Samuel  Sandford,  Rector 
of  ye  Church. 

Nov.  4th. — Died  of  a  singular  malady,  Mr.  Wm.  Turner,  of 
Blakehill,  aged  46,  Mirfield. 

Nov.  10th. — An  hurrican  of  wind  at  Mirfield. 

A  dry  Summer. 

Deo.  81st. — A  lunar  iris  observed  from  my  door  at  the  Vicarage 

Great  and  glorious  conquest  made  by  ye  British  Troops  in 
America. 

1760.  Jan.  16th. — A  child  shot  by  an  accident  at  Mirfield. 
A  hot  droughty  summer;  there  was  ye  greatest  mortality 

this  year  in  Mirfield  that  has  happened  since  that  of  1681, 
(?1681),  when  the  plague  raged  in  this  parish.  Many  persons 
were  cut  off  in  their  full  strength,  and  some  in  ye  vigour  and 
bloom  of  their  age,  by  an  eruptive  epidemical  fever,  which 
seized  upon  me  the  5th  September,  and  confined  me  to  my  bed 
for  ye  space  of  ye  14  days,  my  life  being  in  great  danger  from 
ye  violence  of  ye  distemper. 

May  9th. — Died  at  Hermuth  in  Silesia,  Count  Zinzendorff, 
founder  and  head  of  ye  Moravian  sect.  His  son  consecrated 
the  conventicle  at  WeUhouse,  in  Mirfield,  16th  March,  1755. 

Oct.  25th.— Died  E.  George  2nd,  in  the  77th  year  of  his  age, 
and  84th  of  his  reign. 

26th. — K.  George  3rd  proclaimed. 

Sep.  19th. — Effect  of  a  most  surprising  flow  of  water  at 
Brackenthwaite,  in  Cumberland. 

1761.  Jan.  1st.— A  dreadful  hurricane  of  wind  at  the  N.W. 
in  ye  night. 

11th.— Died  of  a  lingering  illness,  Mr.  Joseph  Wheeler,  Vicar 
of  Dewsbury. 

9th.— The  quarter  Sessions  appointed  to  be  held  at  Wakefield 
were  postponed  on  account  of  the  epidemical  distemper  raging 
in  that  town. 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.        201 

29th.— Died  at  Mirfield,  Mr.  Edward  Darly,  Attorney  at  Law, 
aged  84. 

April  80th. — (Ascen.  Day)  I  read  ye  Divine  Service  and 
christened  19  children  at  ye  font  in  Mirfield  Gh.  before  dinner. 

1762.  Feb.  21st. — Shrove  Tuesday.  A  dreadful  tempest  of 
wind  and  snow  p.m.,  by  ye  severity  of  which  many  persons 
perished. 

Jnly  14th. — A  violent  storm  of  thunder,  hail,  &c,  at  Kirklees 
and  its  environs.  The  hailstones  were  as  large  as  pigeon's 
eggs,  measuring  three  or  four  inches,  by  which  great  damage 
was  done  to  corn,  fruit,  and  windows.  An  excessive  droughty 
summer,  this  month  and  last  ye  drought  and  heat  of  ye  season 
was  so  great  that  several  moors  and  peat  mosses  took  fire  and 
burnt  underground  for  many  miles  together. 

An  intense  frost  began  Dec.  28rd,  1762,  and  continued  to 
Jan.  29th,  1768. 

Feb.  10th,  11th,  12th. — A  great  fall  of  snow  with  a  severe  frost. 

Mar.  22nd. — Peace  proclaimed  in  London. 

May  18th.— Do.  at  Mirfield. 

14th. — A  B.  of  York  confirms  at  Wakefield,  and  treats  ye 
clergy.  78  persons  confirmed  from  this  Parish.  Three  floods 
in  Mirfield  in  Christmas*  week. 

1768.     An  excessive  wet  summer. 

Turnpike  road  made  through  Mirfield. 

1764.     The  river  through  Mirfield  made  navigable. 

Feb.  26th,  27th.— A  great  fall  of  snow. 

Mar.  4th. — An  illumination  from  E.  to  S. 

April  1st. — A  great  solar  eclipse. 

May  11th. — A  B.  of  York's  primary  visitation  of  ye  clergy. 
He  treats  ye  clergy. 

Oct.  11th. — The  Archdeacon's  visitation  at  Wakefield. 

1768.  The  yew  tree  now  growing  near  the  south-east  corner 
of  the  churchyard  was  planted  by  Thos.  Sherrd,  clerk,  5th 
Nov.,  1678,  as  appears  by  an  entry  in  the  parish  register. 

The  other  two  (yew  trees)  are  so  very  ancient  that  no  man 
living  can  remember  them  in  a  youthful  state. 


Some  Account  of  the  Parish  of  Mirfield  (by  Mb.  Ismat), 

to  a  Friend  in  Cumberland. 

1756. 

Mirfield,  ager  ad  ericetum,  a  manor  lying  near  a  heath  or 

moor,  as  ager  eboracensis,  Yorkshire.     The  parish  is  situated 

on  the  sides  of  two  hills,  between  which  a  fine  river  runs 

through  it. 

Over  the  river,  which  is  called  Galder,  are  two  bridges,  one 
of  them  stands  on  eight  wooden  piers,  and  measures  above  282 
feet  in  length. 


202  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

There  are  three  corn  mills  here,  and  the  same  number  for 
pulling  of  broad  cloth,  which  is  manufactured  here  and  in  the 
neighbouring  towns.  This  is  a  large  populous  village,  and,  in 
general,  is  well  built.  It  is  bounded  on  the  North  by  the 
parish  of  Birstal,  to  the  South  by  the  parishes  of  Thornhill 
and  Kirkheaton,  and  to  the  East  by  Dewsbury,  and  to  the 
West  by  the  Parochial  Chapelry  of  Hartshead. 

It  is  about  two  miles  in  breadth  from  W.  to  E.,  two  and  a 
half  miles  from  N.  to  S.;  and  in  circumference  near  eight 
miles.  It  is  divided  into  six  hamlets,  and  contains  about  8,000 
acres  of  land,  viz :  2,000  of  arable,  400  of  waste  or  common, 
and  600  of  woodland.  Sir  George  Savile,  of  Rufford,  Notts., 
Bart.,  is  Lord  of  the  Manor.  There  is  a  fair  or  feast  on 
Ascension  Day,  held  near  the  Vicarage.  The  price  of  provision 
is  variable.  Wheat  is  sold  at  present  for  19s.  6d.  per  load,  t.f. 
24  gallons,  which  is  your  Cumberland  bushel.  It  is  sold  at  4s. 
0d.  statute  measure,  three  of  which  makes  your  Wakefield  load. 
Barley  is  at  20s.  per  quarter  ;  Oatmeat  is  £1  ds.  6d.  per  load. 
i.e.  58.  per  bushel,  or  15s.  the  Cumberland  bushel. 

The  load  consists  of  9  strokes,  containing  86  gall.,  which  is 
one  bushel  and  a  half  of  your  measure.  Beef  is  from  2±d.  to 
3d.  per  lb. ;  mutton  and  veal  about  the  same  price  at  different 
seasons  of  the  year ;  butter  from  5d.  to  6d.,  and  cheese  from 
3d.  to  4d.  per  lb. 

The  number  of  houses  are  about  405,  and  allowing  5  persons 
to  each  house,  the  number  of  inhabitants  will  be  2,175.  Land 
is  let  in  general  for  about  30s.  per  acre,  taxes  included.  A 
roasting  pig  is  sold  for  2s. ;  a  turkey  and  goose  at  Christmas 
2s.  6d.  each ;  a  green  goose  Is.  and  Is.  6d.  or  Is.  8d.  at  the 
latter  end  of  the  harvest ;  chickens  4d.  generally ;  a  hen  7d. 
and  ducks  8d.  Agistment  or  pasture  for  cows  and  fat  cattle  is 
35s.  or  £2.  Hay  is  2  id.  or  3d.  per  stone,  or  sometimes  6d. 
Much  Clover  is  grown  in  the  parish  and  made  into  hay.  There 
is  no  copyhold  land,  but  upwards  of  40  freeholders  in  the 
parish.  Day  labouring  men's  wages  is  12d.,  carpenters  and 
masons  Is.  3d.  tailors  6d.  and  their  victuals ;  men  servants  for 
husbandry  7d.,  clothiers  5d.,  maids  about  50s.  per  annum. 
There  are  about  100  pair  of  looms  for  weaving  of  broad  cloth, 
200  persons  employed  in  making  of  cloth,  400  in  carding, 
spinning,  and  preparing  wool  for  the  looms,  consequently  no 
less  than  600  persons  are  employed  in  the  woollen  manufacture 
carried  on  in  this  place. 

The  Church  is  not  large,  but  it  has  two  aisles  and  two 
galleries,  which  in  the  summer  season  can  but  just  contain  ye 
number  of  persons  tbat  attend  divine  worship.  It  was  enlarged, 
and  the  N.  side  new  built  in  the  year  1666. 

It  is  now  74  feet  long  and  89  in  width.  There  is  a  tower 
steeple  47  feet  high,  which  contains  eight  musical  bells,  which 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  208 

were  east  and  hang  about  SO  years  ago.  They  were  increased 
from  three  to  eight  by  Daniel  Heddersley,  in  1725,  and  are 
now  as  fine  a  ring  of  bells  as  any  in  ye  county  of  their  weight. 
The  steeple  is  47  feet  to  the  battlements,  and  57±  ft.  to  the  top 
of  the  pinnacles.  The  mottoes  on  ye  bells  are,  "peace  and 
good  neighbourhood."  "  When  you  hear  me  sound  let  peace 
and  unity  be  found,  1726." 

There  is  an  inscription  in  ye  western  wall  near  ye  font, 
which  shows  that  the  plague  raged  with  great  violence  in  1681. 

There  are  no  remarkable  monuments  of  any  illustrious 
persons  in  the  church.  One  of  ye  Nuns  of  Kirklees  Monastery 
was  interred  here  Feb.  5th,  1561,  as  appears  by  the  parish 
register.  Dr.  John  Hopton,  who  was  made  Bishop  of  Norwich 
in  1554,  was  born  at  Mirfield,  as  we  may  learn  from  ye  history 
of  that  prelate's  life. 

On  a  Table  erected  in  1745,  is  a  list  of  ye  pious  and  charit- 
able benefactions  to  ye  church,  school,  and  poor  of  ye  parish 
of  Mirfield. 

The  arms  of  the  Hoptons,  Saviles,  Mirfields,  &c,  are  curiously 
painted  in  ye  East  Window.  There  is  a  large  candlestick  con- 
sisting of  12  branches,  and  8  more  on  the  reading  desk,  with  a 
carious  font  made  in  1662.  There  are  upwards  of  70  tombs 
and  gravestones  in  church  and  churchyard,  with  sepulchral 
inscriptions  too  long  to  insert. 

The  Church  is  in  the  honour  of  Pontefract,  Diocese  of  York, 
hundred  of  Agbrig  and  the  deanery  of  Pontefract,  dedicated  to 
8t.  Mary,  built  494  years  ago,  and  consecrated  to  be  a  Chapel 
of  ease  under  Dewsbury  in  1261.  It  continued  in  subjection 
to  its  Mother  Church,  All  Saint's,  in  Dewsbury,  (where  it  is 
said  Paulinus,  the  first  Archbishop  of  York,  preached  and 
celebrated  divine  service,)  till  1802,  being  the  space  of  41  years. 
Pope  Urban  4th,  at  the  request  of  Sir  John  Heton,  Kt.,  made 
it  parochial,  and  vested  the  right  of  nomination  in  Sir  John, 
who  presented  his  younger  son  to  the  living.  He  was  the  first 
Rector,  built  the  parsonage  house  or  manse,  and  died  1802. 

Wm.  Cressacre  was  the  2nd  Rector,  who  died  in  1808. 

The  next  we  have  upon  record  is  Wm.  Willinge,  who  died 
in  1402.  After  the  death  of  this  incumbent,  the  predial  tithes 
were  alienated  from  the  church  and  given  to  the  [monks?]  of 
Kirklees  to  pray  for  the  soul  of  John  Burgh.  This  Church 
continued  a  Kectory  for  the  space  of  141  years,  and  then  was 
reduced  to  a  small  Vicarage  to  aggrandize  monkery  and  support 
a  nest  of  drones.  It  remained  in  this  poor  distressed  condition 
for  the  space  of  8  centuries,  till  it  was  relieved  by  a  parochial 
subscription  which  obtained  the  Queen's  Bounty  about  85  years 
ago,  and  invested  in  land  for  a  perpetual  augmentation. 

It  was  augmented  a  second  time  by  a  lady's  benefaction  and 
the  bounty  in  1642,  since  which  time  it  received  £100,  the 


204  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

donation  of  Sir  Geo.  Armytage,  late  of  Kirklees,  Bart.,  and 
about  £7  lis.  per  annum  in  houses  and  land  given  by  ye  late 
Mrs.  Ann  Horsfall,  by  a  deed  bearing  date  Oct.  80th,  1787* 
duly  enrolled  in  Chancery.    It  devolved  to  the  Church  in  1749. 

The  names  of  the  Vicars  as  appears  by  the  registers  are  as 
follows : — Sir  John  Chrissmor,  buried  Feb.  18th,  1668. 

Sir  Richard  Wordsworth,  buried  Nov.  1677. 

Antony  Crowther  inducted  March,  1668,  and  buried  Aug. 
81st,  1628.  He  had  five  sons  and  one  daughter,  and  was  Vicar 
of  Mirfield  60  years. 

Eichard  Senior  inducted  Sept.  1st,  1628,  buried  Oct.  25th, 
1689. 

Eobert  AUenson  inducted  Dec.  21st,  1689,  buried  Dec.  8th, 
1676.  He  enlarged  the  N.  side  of  the  church,  and  was  buried 
at  Cumberworth,  where  he  had  been  Minister.  He  was  87 
years  Vicar  of  Mirfield,  and  had  five  children. 

John  Gibson  inducted  Dec.  12th,  1677,  he  resigned  ye  vicar- 
age for  the  Rectory  of  Kirkby. 

Thomas  Gledhill  succeeded  Mr.  Gibson,  and  was  buried  Dec. 
20th,  1687.    He  left  a  widow  and  two  daughters. 

Richard  Margerison,  A.M.,  was  inducted  June  14th,  1688. 
He  was  baptized  at  Birstal  Church,  and  buried  at  Mirfield, 
where  he  had  been  Vicar  27  years,  on  the  10th  of  Jan.,  1716. 
He  left  three  children  who  all  arrived  to  maturity.  He  died  in 
the  58rd  year  of  his  age. 

Thos.  Hardy  was  inducted  May  16th,  1706,  and  was  buried 
19th  Dec,  1789,  Vicar  28  years.  He  left  a  widow  and  three 
sons,  the  oldest  then  a  student  at  Cambridge,  who  had  a  good 
living  given  him  by  the  Earl  of  Winchelsea,  (Burleigh,  Rutland- 
shire,) but  he  did  not  live  to  enjoy  it.  The  second  son  is  a 
bookseller  in  London,  and  is  in  good  circumstances.  The  third 
has  been  twice  in  the  East  Indies,  and  is  now  with  Admiral 
West  in  ye  English  Navy.  The  widow  is  still  living  at  Mirfield 
and  receives  ye  Bounty. 

The  present  Vicar,  J.  Ismay,  B.A.,  was  inducted  Jan.  28th, 
1789,  O.  8.  in  the  presence  of  his  worthy  patron,  Sir  Saml. 
Armytage,  late  of  Kirklees,  Bart.,  then  High  Sheriff  of  ye 
County.  The  living  is  worth  now  about  £75  per  annum  to  the 
Vicar.  The  present  patron  is  Sir  John  Armytage,  Bart.,  Mem- 
ber of  Parliament  for  ye  City  of  York,  who  is  now  upon  bis 
travels  in  Italy.  He  is  impropriator  or  lay  rector  of  Mirfield, 
and  receives  200  guineas  per  annum  for  tithe  of  corn,  and  of 
money  made  for  hay,  besides  a  considerable  sum  for  tithe  of 
wood  cut  down  in  the  parish. 

The  Parish  Register  began  in  1689,  when  there  were  no 
dissenters  in  the  parish  and  is  continued  in  one  single  parch- 
ment book  to  this  present  year,  1766.  It  escaped  the  confusion 
of  the  civil  wars,  and  is  perhaps  as  perfect  and  complete  as 


YORKSHIBE    NOTES    AND    QUEBIE8.  205 

any  one  register  in  England.  There  are  100  marriages,  889 
christenings,  and  220  burials  in  the  first  20  years ;  296  marri- 
ages, 1,165  christenings,  and  612  burials  in  the  last  20  years 
as  appears  by  the  register. 

On  the  BOth  Dee.,  1788,  a  sudden  and  violent  earthquake 
was  felt  at  Mirfield  and  in  the  neighbourhood.  I  perceived 
my  bed  at  Kirklees  rock,  and  the  chamber  shake  so  much  that 
I  expected  the  whole  house  would  have  fallen.  Being  surprised 
with  the  shock  I  awaked  my  brother  who  lay  with  me  that 
night,  but  he  felt  nothing  of  it. 

From  the  high  ground  in  Hopton,  especially  the  great 
pinnacle,  on  a  clear  day  I  have  seen  into  12  parishes  at  least, 
with  8  Parochial  Chapelery's.  From  thenoe  ye  enclosed  fields 
in  Mirfield  make  one  grand  parterre,  the  thick  planted  hedge- 
rows seem  like  a  wilderness  or  a  labyrinth,  the  houses  inter- 
persed  look  like  so  many  noble  seats  of  gentlemen  at  a  distance. 

The  nature  of  ye  soil  in  ye  parish  being  of  such  different 
kinds  produces  perhaps  as  great  a  variety  of  plants  as  are  to 
be  found  in  any  part  of  Great  Britain  of  the  same  extent.  I 
have  met  with  250  sorts  of  wild  plants  growing  spontaneously 
in  the  wood,  field,  pastures,  and  waste  grounds,  besides  a 
curious  collection  transplanted  into  my  garden  at  the  vicarage 
from  other  parts.  The  poisonous  plants  found  here  are  the 
cicuta  or  the  lesser  hemlock,  the  common  nightshade,  black 
henbane,  cynocrambe,  the  yew  tree,  &c.  The  berries  of  the 
last  are  frequently  eaten  here  without  any  ill  consequence,  but 
the  fatal  effect  of  the  leaves  to  cattle  was  fully  confirmed  on 
Easter  Monday,  1754,  when  2  young  heifers  near  the  vicarage 
were  poisoned  by  eating  them. 

The  front  of  Castle  Hall,  an  old  building  near  the  church,  is 
adorned  with  a  great  number  of  hieroglyphics  curiously  carved 
in  wood,  and  the  letters  T.B.  and  the  numerical  figures  1,022 
about  the  middle  of  the  large  window.  There  is  a  Danish 
Mount  behind  the  house  with  a  plain  piece  of  ground  at  the 
top  69  ft.  in  diameter.  I  can  meet  with  nothing  in  the  whole 
parish  yet  which  wears  the  face  of  antiquity,  besides  8  or  4  old 
studded  buildings,  much  talked  of  by  the  vulgar  for  their  great 
age,  though  without  any  authentic  marks  of  authority  besides 
ancient  tradition  and  the  curious  fragments  of  painted  glass  in 
the  windows  of  one  of  these  old  mansions. 

Here  is  a  free  Charity  School,  founded  by  Mr.  R.  Thorpe, 
late  of  Hopton  Hall,  1667,  at  Knowle  Lane,  with  a  dwelling- 
house  for  the  Master,  and  a  salary  of  about  £12  per  annum. 

Near  the  school  are  the  vestiges  of  a  large  round  entrench- 
ment resembling  that  near  Penrith,  called  King  Arthur's  round 
table. 

Here  is  a  Workhouse  for  the  poor,  though  it  is  only  rented 
by  ye  parish. 


206  Y0KK8HIBE    NOTE8    AND    QUERIES. 

Blake  Hall  is  supposed  to  be  the  ancient  seat  of  the  Hoptons, 
and  Castle  Hall  the  seat  of  Sir  John  Heton,  Kt.,  ye  1st  parson 
of  the  church,  now  the  property  of  Richard  Beaumont,  of 
Whitley  Hall,  Esqre.  Castle  Hall  stands  very  near  the  church, 
whence  that  proverbial  saying: — He  is  John  Armytage's Neighbour, 
i.e.  he  is  dead.  Sir  John  Heton,  Kt.,  married  ye  oldest  daughter 
of  Sir  Alexander  Nevile  de  Mirfield. 

Robert  Hop  ton,  of  Hopton,  Esqre.,  married  Jennet,  daughter 
of  Henry  Savile,  Esqre. 

Robin  Hood's  gravestone,  and  the  ruins  of  a  Benedictine 
Nunnery  founded  anno  1286,  and  dedicated  to  St.  Mary,  are  to 
be  seen  on  ye  N.W.  side  of  the  parish  near  Nun  Brook. 

The  latitude  of  Mirfield  is  58°  42*"  N.,  the  longitude  about 
1°  81"  W.  of  London,  it  stands  about  80  miles  S.W.  of  York. 

The  soil  is  of  various  sorts.  We  have  sand,  clay,  stone,  and 
gravel.  Our  lands  produce  all  sorts  of  grains  to  great  per- 
fection. The  manure  is  dung,  lime  and  ashes ;  rapes,  wolds, 
and  turnips  are  frequently  sown  in  the  parish,  they  with 
potatoes  are  titheable  to  the  Yicar.  There  are  many  good 
quarries  of  hard  durable  stone  for  building,  very  good  earth  for 
bricks,  and  great  plenty  of  coal  which  is  usually  sold  for  2s. 
the  horse  load  at  the  pit  mouth,  and  it  is  common  in  the 
meanest  cot  to  see  a  good  fire.  The  springs  are  generally 
found  at  various  depths  in  the  parish,  and  the  water  is  very 
sweet  and  soft  in  most  places  except  near  ye  coal,  and  there  it 
is  a  little  hard  and  brakish.  We  have,  I  believe,  as  fine  an  air 
as  any  in  England.  It  is  generally  healthy,  and  the  inhabitants 
in  general  live  to  a  great  age,  especially  the  poorer  sort  who 
use  proper  exercise  and  enjoy  the  benefit  of  it. 

The  present  Yicar  has  buried  no  less  than  92  persons  each 
of  them  aged  80  years  and  upwards,  whereof  8  arrived  at  90 
and  upwards,  and  one  at  102. 

There  are  2  dissenting  meeting  houses  in  the  parish,  one  for 
the  Presbyterians  and  the  other  for  the  Moravian  Brethren, 
they  are  both  small  and  inconsiderable.  Mirfield  is  situated 
about  the  middle  of  the  road  between  the  towns  of  Wakefield 
and  Halifax,  but  there  is  yet  no  turnpike.  The  Gentlemen's 
Seats  bordering  on  the  parish  are  Kirklees,  Whitley  Hall,  and 
Grow  Mount.  The  Aurora  Borealis  is  very  common,  and  par- 
ticularly one  on  the  7th  of  April,  1749. 

The  dams  across  the  river  are  in  the  nature  of  cataracts,  and 
are  a  sort  of  catadupes  by  which  the  inhabitants  form  a  prog- 
nostication of  the  weather.  The  river  produces  salmon,  trout, 
smelts,  graylings,  daice,  perch,  eels,  chubs,  barbies,  gudgeons, 
&c,  wild  ducks,  wigeon,  teal,  coots,  and  several  sorts  of  water 
hens  are  seen  about  the  river  in  winter,  especially  in  a  great 
frost. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  207 

The  great  speckled  loon  or  diver  was  shot  here  Sept.  20th, 
1749,  and  was  the  only  one  perhaps  ever  seen  in  this  country. 
When  mists  appear  to  rise  or  fall  on  Whitley  Wood  or  (Swindon 
Hill)  which  stands  npon  high  ground,  the  people  in  Mirfield 
thereby  prognosticate  of  the  change  of  the  weather,  singing 
this  rhyme : — 

If  Whitley  Wood  wears  a  cap 
Balance  Beck  will  smart  for  that, 
If  Swindon  Hill  wears  a  cap 
Balance  Beck  must  pay  for  that. 
When  the  sun  appears  over  ye  temple  of  Swindon  Hill,  it  is 
12  o'clock  at  the  Vicarage.     The  following  inscription  was 
formerly  over  the  door  of  the  Mansion  House  of  the  Hirsts  in 
Mirfield: — "Know  whom  you  trust.     Robert  Hirst,    1656." 
Over  the  door  at  Wellhouse: — G.B.H.   i.e.  God  be  here  or 
about  tins  house.    Hunting,  fishing,  shooting,  add  setting  are 
diversions  mostly  used.     We  have  hares,  woodcocks,  snipes, 
wood  pigeons,   plovers,  quails,   daker-hens  or  the  land-rail, 
water-rails,  red-wings,  fieldfares,  woodpeckers,  jays,  nightin- 
gales, and  most  of  the  small  birds  known  in  England. 

We  have  some  pheasants  in  the  wood,  but  the  breed  is  in  a 
great  measure  destroyed. 

We  have  a  variety  of  plants  in  the  woods,  one  of  which  is 
called  the  Garden  of  Eden.  We  had  a  fiery  meteor  passed  over 
this  place  July  22nd,  1750.  An  earthquake  in  1754,  and  often 
much  damage  done  by  the  floods. 

Yours, 

J.  ISMAY. 


Hamlets  in  the  Parish  of  Mirfield l9 1755. 
Number  of  houses  in  the  parish  of  Mirfield  in  1739  :- 
In  Towngate  Hamlet      -        -        -        058 
„  Leegreen        ,,  -        -        -        108 

„  Northorpe       „  ...        044 

„  Easthorpe       „  -        -  077 

„  Far  Side  Moor  Hamlet       -        -        088 
„  Hopton  „  -         -        082 

Total 452 


Increase  of  houses  in  18  years,  195.  Inhabitants  increased 
at  5  per  house,  695.  Do.  at  6  per  house,  750,  as  appears  by 
my  calculation,  Jan.  27th,  1759. 

J.  ISMAY. 

Sir  Bichard  Weston,  of  Sutton  place,  first  brought  ye  plant- 
ing of  clover  grass  out  of  Flanders  into  England  about  ve  year 
1660. 


208  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

There  generally  dies  in  the  parish  of  Mirfield  one  person  in 
70  annually,  as  appears  by  an  accurate  calculation,  about  one 
marriage  per  annum  among  100  persons. 

The  number  of  christenings  generally  is  double  to  the  burials 
in  the  year,  the  congregation  at  Church  (which  is  made  up 
mostly  of  the  male  kind,  there  being  generally  nine  men  to  a 
woman)  is  much  smaller  in  winter  than  the  summer  season, 
and  especially  in  the  forenoons. 

Hay  seeds  were  sold  in  1766  for  1/6  and  2/-  the  sack.  Rape 
dust  at  2/6  a  quarter  in  1757. 

1755. — Agriculture  in  Mirfield. 

Tillage  is  ye  most  ancient  and  honourable  employment  in  ye 
world.  The  soil  being  of  very  different  natures,  produces  all 
sorts  of  grain.  Wheat  and  rye  called  hard  corn  are  sown  in 
great  plenty,  barley,  oats  of  various  sorts,  peas,  beans,  vetches, 
rapes,  and  turnips,  with  wolds  for  ye  dyers  are  frequently  sown 
in  Mirfield.  Clover  was  introduced  into  this  parish  about  60 
years  ago,  and  turnips  for  the  feeding  of  cattle  began  to  be 
sown  in  fields  much  later,  and  are  great  improvers  of  land ; 
another  good  piece  of  husbandry  here  is  ye  draining  of  wet 
lands,  and  turning  the  water  over  ye  dry  ground  designed  for 
hay  or  pasture ;  in  ye  winter  and  spring  time  some  sour  marshy 
grounds  are  made  arable  by  spading  the  turf  from  the  surface 
and  then  burning  it  in  heaps ;  this  is  called  pairing  or  burning, 
and  generally  yields  a  plentiful  crop  of  wheat  or  rapes  ye  first 
year  without  any  other  manure  than  ye  turf  ashes. 

For  stiff  lands  there  is  no  better  manure  than  lime  and  coal 
ashes,  this  is  looked  on  to  be  an  excellent  compost,  better 
mixed  than  laid  on  separately. 

We  have  very  little  common  field  land.  The  advantages 
arising  from  inclosures  have  been  long  experienced  in  this 
parish.  The  fence  is  white  thorn,  and  thrives  greatly  with  us, 
being  often  cut  and  kept  in  repair. 

The  other  manure  that  we  improve  land  with  besides  cow 
and  horse  dung,  lime  and  cold  ashes,  is  soot,  soap  ashes,  and 
rape  dust,  but  these  last  are  used  only  by  a  few  persons  in  this 
place,  and  that  but  seldom. 

The  room  next  to  the  garden  at  Castle  Hall  is  ceiled  over 
the  top,  with  ancient  plaster  work  representing  variety  of 
figures,  viz.: — fir  cones,  acorns,  flower  de  luces,  roses,  etc., 
with  the  Beaumont's  paternal  coat  of  arms  (about  the  centre) 
quartered  with  another,  charged  with  rabbits  or  coneys,  but  to 
what  family  these  belong  I  know  not. 

I  have  since  found  by  an  MSS.  in  ye  possession  of  my  good 
friend  Richard  Frank  of  Campsall,  Esqre.,  F.S.A.,  that  the 
Turtons  of  Smallhaigh  and  Millhouse  in  ye  parish  of  Penistone, 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

had  for  their  arms  A  8  Conies  sejant  S.     (Sejant  in  heraldry 
means  upright.) 

Northorpe  Hall  was  rebuilt  by  Josiah  Sheard,  Tenant,  in 
1701,  as  appears  by  the  figures  covered  over  the  door ;  here 
are  in  the  windows  some  curious  remains  of  painted  glass,  viz : 
Christ's  presentation  in  the  temple,  with  a  venerable  old  man 
representing  Moses,  etc.  The  house  adjoining  this  ancient 
building  was  rebuilt  by  Edward  Thomas,  as  appears  by  these 
letters  and  figures  over  ye  chimney  piece,  in  ye  kitchen,  £.  T., 
1704. 

Mirfield  is  divided  into  six  hamlets,  each  of  which  has  a 
viacurus  or  surveyor  of  the  highways,  annually  chosen  by  the 
Parish,  A.D.  1755. 

Towngate  Hamlet. 

The  church  parsonage  and  vicarage  stand  in  this  hamlet ; 
an  old  studded  building  near  the  church  called  Castle  Hall, 
built  in  1022-1066,  with  a  Danish  Mount  behind  the  house ; 
Upperhall  the  property  of  Mr.  Richard  Shepley,  who  rebuilt  it. 
The  streets,  lanes,  and  highways  in  Towngate: — Kimlane, 
Dunbottle,  High  Lane,  Church  Lane,  Cross  Green  Lane,  etc. 
Here  are  four  public  houses,  viz: — The  Pack  Horse,  Eight 
Bells,  and  the  Horns,  two  blacksmiths,  and  two  shops  for 
groceries. 

Lee  Green  Hamlet. 

This  hamlet  contains  Lee  Green,  Little  London,  Moorside 
to  Foxroid,  Gibhole,  Wellhouse,  Matchcroft,  Nickhouse,  and 
Oreenside. 

Ways  to  be  mentioned  are  the  great  highroad  over  Mirfield 
Moor  to  Robert-town  nr.  Dewyard  Lane,  Wood  Lane,  and  the 
Lane  between  that  and  Matchcroft,  Water  Boyd  Lane,  etc. 
Here  are  8  public  houses,  viz.: — The  Three  Rungs,  The  Swan, 
and  the  Red  Lion.  Three  Butchers*  Shops,  two  Grocers,  and 
a  Moravian  Meeting  House,  with  a  Workhouse  for  the  poor. 
Northorpe  Hamlet. 

Northorp,  an  old  house  which  has  been  rebuilt,  contains 
some  curious  remains  of  painted  glass  in  the  windows,  and  is 
still  called  Northorp  Hall. 

Shillbank,  here  are  some  good  modern  buildings,  near  which 
is  the  late  Dr.  Bolderstone's,  etc.  Northbar,  Crossley,  Field 
Head,  Pate  Lane,  etc. 

The  roads  are  that  leading  to  Nickhouse,  Shill  Bank  Lane, 
that  from  Crossley,  Dall  Lane,  Gill  Lane,  etc.  Akeroid  Lane 
is  only  a  Bridle  Lane,  and  not  repaired  by  any  public. 

Ravens  thorp  Lane  is  maintained  by  the  parish,  here  are  two 
ale-houses,  a  bowling  green,  a  blacksmith's  shop,  and  one  for 
coffee  and  tea.  There's  a  saddler's  shop  in  Shillbank  Lane, 
and  an  attorney's  office.  The  alehouses  are  the  Hare  and 
Hounds  and  the  Cock. 

Y.N.Q.  N 


210  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

E  as  thorp  Hamlet. 

The  Low  Mill,  Blake  Hall,  a  handsome  new  building,  the 
property  of  William  Turner,  Esq.  Easthorpe  Lane,  consisting 
of  Water  Hall,  an  ancient  studded  building.  Flash  House* 
another  old  fabric,  and  several  modern  ones.  Fold  Head, 
Legard  Mill,  Littlemoor,  Snakehill,  and  Eastcliffe  Bank,  Knowl 
Lane,  Knowl  School,  and  Knowl.  The  ways  are  the  great 
Low  Road,  Knowl  Lane,  etc.  Here  are  three  alehouses,  viz: — 
The  Black  Bull,  ye  Horse  and  Jockey,  and  the  Cock  ;  two  corn 
and  fulling  mills,  two  grocers  and  drapers,  an  apothecary,  the 
free  school,  and  around  the  entrenchment  vulgarly  called 
Kirkstead  by  it.  Easthorpe,  Villa  arabilis. 
Far  Side  Moor  Hamlet. 

Nabstocks  Bank,  West  Mills,  Cinderhill  (built  by  Thos.  Sharp 
in  1638),  Bracken  Hall,  Nunbrook,  near  it  is  Robin  Hoods 
Sepulchral  Monument,  and  the  ruins  of  a  Benedictine  Nunnery. 
Yew  Tree,  an  old  studded  building.  Mock  Beggar  and  Roe 
Head,  two  good  farm  houses,  the  long  range  of  houses  is 
called  Ratton  Row.  The  Warren  House  stands  upon  a  high 
spot  of  ground,  near  which  appears  ye  butts,  which  were  much 
resorted  to  when  ye  long  bow  was  in  use  in  England.  Here  is 
one  road  to  Leeds,  two  to  Wakefield,  besides  a  cross  causeway 
to  ye  mill.  Here  are  three  alehouses,  viz.:  — The  8  Nuns,  a 
Wooden  Head,  and  the  Virgin's  Inn;  one  blacksmith,  one 
butcher,  and  a  grocer's  shop  with  linen  and  woollen  drapery. 
Hopton  Hamlet. 

Liley,  Windy  Bank,  this  house  stands  upon  ye  highest 
ground  in  Hopton,  except  the  great  pinnacle,  Cuckoo  Hill, 
New  Hall,  Row  Houses,  Brier  Knowles,  Hagg,  Hunger  Hill, 
terra  sterilis,  Threaproyd  i.e.  terra  lilis,  Boat  House,  Sheep 
Tug,  Tithe  Laithe,  Han  Bank,  Hollin  Hall,  Hopton  Hall 
Galverts  Clough.  This  hamlet  consists  of  a  great  number  of 
odd  houses  interspersed  among  the  woods,  hills  and  valleys, 
some  of  which  retain  their  old  names  as  above  mentioned. 

The  roads  consist  mostly  of  lanes,  thro'  different  parts  of  ye 
hamlet.  Here  is  a  Presbyterian  Meeting  House  commonly 
called  a  Chapel,  two  blacksmiths,  three  grocers,  one  butcher, 
and  one  alehouse. 

There  are  40  pairs  of  looms  for  weaving  of  white  broad  cloth 
in  the  hamlet  only. 

There  are  a  great  many  springs  and  woods,  viz.: — Oliver 
Car,  Jordan  Roid,  Liley  Wood,  Gregory  Spring,  Whitley  Wood, 
Hagg  Wood,  Balance  Wood,  Briery  Bank,  Chadwick  Wood, 
Crow  Wood,  Little  Hagg,  Liley  Range,  Hepworth  Wood,  Ac. 
These  woods  produce  such  a  number  of  medicinal  plants,  that 
one  of  them  has  got  the  denomination  of  the  Garden  of  Eden. 

Here  is  employment  for  the  Botanist  in  summer,  and  game 
for  the  Sportsman  in  the  winter  season. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  211 

The  nature  of  the  soil  is  various,  here  is  sand,  clay,  stone, 
gravel,  Ac.  The  lands  consist  of  woods,  arable  pasture, 
meadow,  &c,  some  of  which  are  firm  and  some  fenny  or 
moorish. 

As  to  the  appearance  of  this  Hamlet,  it  is  mostly  hilly, 
rocky,  or  mountainous,  except  the  land  near  the  river.  There 
are  some  excellent  springs,  plenty  of  coal,  stone,  and  oak  wood. 
The  clay  in  Mirfield  is  generally  of  a  yellowish  colour,  hut 
there  is  Borne  at  the  bottom  of  Mr.  Turner's  quarry  in  Hopton, 
of  a  blueish  colour  and  exceedingly  fine  grain.  It  is  remark- 
able that  the  Vicar,  Churchwardens,  Master  and  Scholars  of 
the  Free  School,  &c,  in  Mirfield,  walk  thro'  the  middle  of  a 
garden,  yard,  and  barn,  belonging  to  a  farm  house  in  Kirk- 
heaton  Parish,  in  their  perambulations  in  Kogation  Week, 
when  it  is  customary  to  go  round  the  bounds  and  limits  of  the 
parish  to  beg  a  blessing  on  the  fruits  of  the  earth,  and  preserve 
the  rights  and  properties  of  their  parish. 

The  men  and  the  boys  in  Hopton  employ  themselves  in  the 
Christmas  holidays  in  hunting  the  squirrel,  which  gives  them 
violent  exercise  in  the  woods,  and  affords  them  excellent 
diversion. 

The  dwellings  at  and  about  Hopton  Hall  are  increased  in 
less  than  40  years,  from  three  to  eloven ;  inhabitants,  from  17 
to  80,  as  appears  by  an  exact  calculation  of  a  person  who 
formerly  lived  there,  and  is  now  (1755)  in  the  82nd  year  of  his 
age. 

Some  boggy  wet  ground  in  Hopton,  consisting  of  black  earth 
upwards  of  12  ft.  deep. 

The  following  inscription  is  painted  in  red  character  over 
the  north  door  at  Hopton  Hall,  with  the  order  of  letters  and 
the  words  inverted,  and,  as  in  Hebrew,  read  from  right  to  left : 
Jehovah  Nisi,  i.e.  The  Lord  my  banner,  1695,  Ex.  17,  15. 

Buddie  or  red  chalk  found  in  a  quarry  near  New  Hall,  in 
Hopton. 

About  2  years  ago  only  8  families  lived  on  ye  N.  side  of  Lee 
Green  (between  Gibhole  and  Little  London,)  but  now  the 
number  of  families  amount  to  28,  and  more  new  buildings  are 
about  to  be  erected. 

Crawfish  in  a  small  brook  by  Briery  Bank  in  Hopton. 
Jackroid,  this  affords  an  extensive  prospect  as  well  as  ye  great 
pinnacle  and  Windy  Bank  before  mentioned. 


Btomxfs  ftorksljire  8*nttr*s. 

Thomas  Blount  was  a  barrister  of  the  Temple,  who  lived  in 
the  seventeenth  century.  He  was  a  voluminous  writer,  his 
works  being  chiefly  connected  with  his  profession.  His  best- 
known  work  is  called  "Fragmenta  Antiquitatis,  or  Jocular 


212  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

Tenures;1*  it  was  first  published  in  1679,  a  new  edition  was 
published  in  1784,  edited  by  Josiah  Beokwith,  another  in  1815, 
edited  by  Hercules  Malebysse  Beck  with,  son  of  the  former 
editor;  a  fourth  edition  was  published  in  1874,  edited  by  Mr. 
W.  Carew  Hazlitt,  of  the  Inner  Temple,  Barrister-at-Law. 

Aislaby. — Richard,  son  of  Wyde  de  Aslabie,  holds  two  earn- 
cates  of  land  by  the  service  of  teaching  one  hare- dog  (liverius) 
belonging  to  the  King. 

[M.S.  penes  Sam.  Roper,  arm.]  Hare-dog,  "  canem  liveri- 
um,"  perhaps  the  same  with  "  leporarium,"  from  the  French, 
lievre.  J.  Beckwith. 

Athwick-(Adwicx)-upon-Deakne. — William  Clarell  formerly 
did  fealty,  and  acknowledged  that  he  held  the  Manor  of 
Adthwyk,  and  paid  every  two  years  towards  keeping  the  castle 
(of  Tick  hill)  each  year  seven  shillings  and  fourpence,  and  every 
third  year  eight  shillings,  and  ten  shillings  to  keep  a  hawk ; 
and  he  said  that  Hugh  Carson,  every  third  year,  paid  fourteen- 
pence  for  his  tenement  in  Athewyk. 

[Ex.  vel.  Rot.  Feodar,  Honoris  de  Tickhill,  penes  F.  F. 
Foljambe,  arm.]  Hawke,  "  osterer."  Probably  miscopied  for 
"ostercum,"  a  gos-hawk,  and  observe,  that  Francis  F.Foljambe, 
esq.,  is  now  seized  of  a  rent  of  4s.  8d.  issuing  out  of  lands  at 
Mexbrough,  the  adjoining  township,  every  third  year,  by  the 
name  of  "  Hawk-silver."  H.  M.  Beckwith. 

Bainton. — In  the  second  year  of  King  Edward  II.,  Peter  de 
Mauley  was  found  to  be  seized  of  the  Manor  of  Bainton,  with 
the  advowson  of  the  church,  by  the  service  of  finding  two 
knights  and  four  esquires  in  the  King's  army  for  forty  days  in 
time  of  war,  and  to  provide  a  steward  to  do  suit  for  him  at  the 
King's  Court  at  York,  from  six  weeks  to  six  weeks. 

[Escalt.  8.  Ed.  II.,  no.  84.] 

Babnby. — Dionysis,  daughter  and  heiress  of  Robert  de  Cropp- 
ing, holds  one  toft  and  four  oxgangs  of  land,  with  the  appurten- 
ances, in  Barneby,  near  Pocklington,  by  the  service  of  finding 
part  of  one  archer  (partem  unius  sagitt')  within  the  King's 
Castle  of  York,  for  forty  days  in  the  time  of  war. — 11  Richard 
II. 

[De  term.  Hil.,  ann.  11.  Ric.  II.,  rot.  1.] 

Bently. — Richard  Scrope  holds  the  manor  of  Bently,  with 
its  members,  for  four  knight's  fees,  and  pays  yearly,  at  the 
Feast  of  St.  Thomas  the  Apostle,  for  castle-guard,  twenty 
shillings;  and  at  the  Purification  of  the  Blessed  Mary,  six 
shillings  and  eightpence ;  and  at  the  Feast  of  Easter,  for  meat 
to  the  watchmen,  eightpence,  and  aid  to  the  Sheriff,  two 
shillings  and  sixpence ;  and  at  the  Feast  of  the  Nativity  of  St. 
John  the  Baptist,  for  castle-guard,  twenty  shillings ;  and  at  the 
Feast  of  St.  Michael,  for  meat  to  the  watchmen,  eightpence, 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  218 

and  for  aid  to  the  Sheriff,  two  shillings  and  sixpence ;  and  does 
suit  to  the  Count  from  three  weeks  to  three  weeks. 

[Ex  prcedicto  Eot.  Feodar.] 

This  manor  afterwards  belonged  to  Adam  de  Newmarch ;  and 
19th  Eliz.,  1577,  to  Francis  Wyndham,  Esq.,  and  was  held  by 
the  same  services. 

[Betnrn  of  a  Commission  to  enquire  concerning  the  Honor 
of  Tickhill,  dated  28th  June,  19  Eliz.] 

The  heirs  of  John  Annesly  hold  one  knight's  fee  of  the  said 
four  knight's  fees,  and  pay  to  the  Castle  of  Tickhill,  at  the 
Feast  of  the  Purification  of  the  Blessed  Mary,  twelve  pence, 
and  more  eightpence  half-penny. 

[Ex  prcedicto  Rot.  Feodar.] 

Bradford. — This  manor  belonged  to  John  of  Gaunt,  who 
granted  to  John  Northrop  of  Manningham,  an  adjoining  village, 
and  his  heirs,  three  messuages  and  six  bovates  of  land,  to  come 
to  Bradford,  on  the  blowing  of  a  horn  on  St.  Martin's  Day  in 
winter,  and  wait  on  him  and  his  heirs,  in  their  way  from 
Blackburnshire,  with  a  lance  and  hunting-dog  for  thirty  days, 
to  have  for  yeoman's  board,  one  penny  for  himself  and  a  half- 
penny for  his  dog,  &c,  for  going  with  the  receiver  or  bailiff  to 
conduct  him  safe  to  the  Castle  of  Pontefract.  A  descendant  of 
Northrop  afterwards  granted  land  in  Horton  to  Bushworth,  of 
Horton,  another  adjoining  village,  to  hold  the  bound  while 
Northrop's  man  blew  the  horn.  These  are  called  "Hornman" 
or  "Hornblow  "  lands,  and  the  custom  is  still  kept  up :  a  man 
coming  into  the  market-place  with  a  horn,  halbert  and  dog,  is 
met  by  the  owner  of  tbe  lands  in  Horton.  After  proclamation 
made,  the  former  calls  out  aloud,  "  Heirs  of  Bushworth,  come 
hold  me  my  hound,  whilst  I  blow  three  blasts  of  my  horn,  to 
pay  the  rent  due  to  our  "  Sovereign  Lord  the  King."  He  then 
delivers  the  string  to  the  man  from  Horton,  and  winds  his 
horn  thrice.  The  original  horn,  resembling  that  of  Tutbury  in 
Staffordshire,  is  still  preserved,  though  stripped  of  its  silver 
ornaments. 

[Gough's  Camd.  Brit.  edit.  1789,  vol.  iii.,  p.  45.] 

Braithweix. — In  the  seventh  year  of  the  reign  of  King 
Richard  II.,  1888,  William  Cownall  held  a  tenement  in  Braith- 
well,  by  homage,  fealty,  Ac,  and  suit  of  court  to  the  manor  of 
Conisborough,  and  by  finding  one  footman  ( hominem  peditum J 
to  guard  the  Castle  for  forty  days,  in  time  of  war,  at  his  own 
proper  costs.  At  the  Court  held  at  Conisborough  the  24th  of 
August,  18  Hen.  IV.,  1412,  William  Eylmyn  did  fealty  to  the 
Lord,  and  acknowledged  that  he  held  of  him  one  messuage, 
one  toft,  and  nineteen  acres  of  land,  in  Braithwell,  in  right  of 
his  wife,  lately  belonging  to  William  Cresey,  by  homage,  fealty, 
and  the  service  of  ten  shillings  a  year  rent,  and  by  suit  of  court 


214  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

to  the  Court  of  Conisborough,  from  three  weeks  to  three  weeks, 
and  by  suit  to  the  Lord's  mill  at  Conisborough,  &c. 

[Ex.  Cop.  Rot.  Cur.  penes  edit.  H.  M.  B.] 

Brook-house. — A  farm  a  Brook-house,  in  Langsett,  in  the 
parish  of  Penis  ton,  pays  yearly  to  Godfrey  Bosville,  Esq.,  ft 
snowball  at  Midsummer,  and  a  red  rose  at  Christmas. 

[Extracted  from  the  writings  of  Godfrey  Bosville,  of  Gun- 
thwaite,  Esq.,  and  communicated  to  the  editor  (H.  M.  B.)  by 
John  Wilson,  of  Broomhead,  Esq.] 

Brotherton. — Not  far  from  the  church  of  Brotherton  is  a 
place  of  twenty  acres,  surrounded  by  a  trenoh  and  wall,  where, 
as  tradition  says,  stood  the  house  in  which  the  Queen  of 
Edward  I.  was  delivered  of  a  son.  The  tenants  are  still  bound 
to  keep  it  surrounded  by  a  wall  of  stone. 

[Gough's  Camd.  Brit.,  edit.  1789,  vol.  iii.,  p.  46.] 

Carlcoats. — Two  farms  at  Carlcoats,  in  the  parish  of  Peni- 
stone,  pay  to  Godfrey  Bosville,  Esq.,  the  one  a  right-hand,  and 
the  other  a  left-hand  glove,  yearly. 

[From  the  writings  of  Godfrey  Bosville.] 

Carlton -juxta-Rothwell. — William  Hunt,  of  Carlton-by- 
Bothwell,  holdeth  freely  from  all  services  and  demands  (except 
one  rose  in  the  time  of  roses,  if  demanded)  in  Carlton  aforesaid, 
one  capital  messuage,  six  curtilages,  four  cottages,  two  carneals 
(carucates)  of  land  and  meadow,  and  six  assarts  inseparable  at 
all  times  in  the  year,  with  their  appurtenances,  of  the  Earl  of 
Lincoln  (Henry  de  Lacy),  as  of  his  manor  of  Both  well,  and  the 
same  William  and  his  heirs  shall  have  and  for  ever  enjoy,  in 
the  manor  of  the  said  Earl  there,  without  the  park  there,  a 
leash  of  greyhounds  and  six  hounds,  and  the  said  William  and 
his  heirs  shall  be  ready  and  prepared,  when  they  shall  be 
required  by  the  forester  there  for  the  time  being  of  the  afore- 
said Earl  and  his  heirs,  with  the  greyhounds  and  hunting- 
hounds  aforesaid,  to  hunt  and  kill  fat  venison  of  the  aforesaid 
Earl  and  his  heirs  in  venison  season  in  the  said  park. 

[Ex.  Record,  18  Edward  vi.] 

Cotingham.— Margaret,  Duchess  of  Clarence,  one  of  the 
sisters  and  heirs  of  Edward,  late  Earl  of  Kent,  held  the  manor 
of  Cotingham  of  the  King  by  grand  serjeantry,  viz.,  by  the 
service  of  finding  one  horseman,  or  esquire,  sufficiently  armed, 
to  carry  the  coat  of  mail  (Inricam)  of  our  Lord  the  King,  in  his 
war  with  Wales,  at  her  own  proper  costs,  for  forty  days,  if 
there  should  be  a  war  in  Wales. 

[De  term.  Mich.,  ann.  4  Hen.  vi.  Harl.  MS.  Brit.  Mus.  84, 
pp.  488,  489.1 

[Note. — The  words  here  translated,  "  horseman  or  esquire,'* 
are  "  unum  armigerum  equitem."  It  would,  I  think,  be  more 
correct  to  translate  "one  horse  soldier,"  or  perhaps,  "one 
mounted  esquire  "  would  be  better  still. — W.P.B.] 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.        215 

Cuckwold. — Sir  Thomas  Colevyle,  Knight,  holds  the  manor 
of  Cuckwold,  of  Thomas,  late  Lord  de  Mowbray,  as  of  his 
manor  of  Threke  (Thirsk),  rendering  one  target  or  shield,  with 
the  arms  of  the  said  Lord  painted  thereon,  yearly  at  Whitsun- 
tide. 

[Escalt.  6  Hen.  vi.  no.  48.] 

Danegate. — John  Thwaytes,  and  Joan,  his  wife,  held  the 
manor  of  Danegate  ("Danygate  "),  in  the  county  of  York, 
called  the  Prison  of  the  Lardonary,  with  the  appurtenances,  of 
our  Lord  the  King,  by  the  service  of  keeping  the  King's  gaol  in 
his  forest  of  Galtres,  receiving  every  year  of  our  Lord  the  King 
and  his  heirs  for  keeping  the  said  gaol  £1  12s.  Id.  by  the  hands 
of  the  Sheriff  of  the  county  aforesaid,  for  the  time  being,  at 
Easter  and  Michaelmas,  by  equal  portions,  and  two  oaks  every 
year  in  the  forest  aforesaid,  and  one  buck  in  summer  and  one 
doe  in  winter  every  year  within  the  said  forest,  and  with  liberty 
to  hunt  foxes  and  hares  in  the  said  forest  at  all  times  in  the 
year. 

[De  term.  Hil.,  ann.  4  Hen.  vi.,  Harl.  MS.  Brit.  Mus.  84, 
p.*441.] 

Doxgasteb. — At  this  place,  on  the  5th  November  yearly, 
whether  it  happens  on  a  Sunday  or  any  other  day  of  the.  week, 
the  town  waits  play  for  some  time  on  the  top  of  the  church 
steeple,  at  the  time  when  the  congregation  are  coming  out  of 
church  from  Morning  service,  the  tune  of  "God  Save  the  King." 
This  has  been  done  since  1700  at  least,  and  very  possibly  ever 
since  the  5th  November  has  been  a  festival,  except  that  form- 
erly the  tune  played  was  "Britons  Strike  Home.1'  The  waits 
always  receive  from  the  churchwardens  sixpence  apiece  for  this 
service.  [Letter  from  the  Bev.  Mr.  Scott,  of  Doncaster,  dated 
17th  November,  1780.] 

Elmsaix. — John  Besett  gave  to  the  King  eight-pence  for  his 
relief  for  forty-eight  acres  of  land  in  Elmesale,  which  John,  his 
father,  held  of  the  King  by  the  service  of  paying  at  the  Castle 
of  Pontefracc  one  pair  of  gloves  furred  with  fox's  skin,  or  eight- 
pence  yearly. 

[De  term.  Mich.,  ann.  2  Edw.  iii.  Harl.  MS.,  Brit.  Mus. 
84.  p.  96.] 

[An  heiress  of  Bissett  brought  this  estate  to  a  branch  of  the 
Wentworth  family.  See  Tong's  Visitation  of  Yorkshire. 
W.P.B.] 

Gowthobp,  Billingley,  and  Swinton. —  Our  Lord  the  King 
had  eighteen  bovates  of  land  and  a  half  in  Goul thorp,  Billinge- 
lay,  and  Swinton,  which  were  his  escheats,  and  he  gave  them 
to  Daniel  Pincerna,  by  the  service  of  one  sextary  of  wine,  with 
the  flaskets,  to  be  rendered  at  London  at  the  Feast  of  St. 
Michael.    The  land  was  worth  five  marks. 


216  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

[Testa  de  Nevil,  p.  875.]  Sextary,  about  a  pint  and  a  half, 
sometimes  more.  Blount.  Flasket,  flaskettum,  a  kind  of 
basket.  Blount.  Probably  a  small  bottle  covered  with  basket- 
work,  a  "  twiggen-bottle,"  Othello,  act  ii,  sc.  8. 

Gunthwaite. — In  the  year  1588  the  following  rents  were 
paid  to  Francis  Bosville,  lord  of  this  manor,  ancestor  of  Godfrey 
Bosville,  Esq.,  viz. : — 

George  Blunt,  gent.,  paid  two  broad  arrows  with  heads. 

James  Bilcliffe  paid  a  pair  of  gloves. 

Thomas  Wardsworth,  for  Boughbanks,  paid  a  thwittle. 

[From  the  writings  of  Godfrey  Bosville.] 

Halifax. — Mr.  Hazlitt  gives  an  account  of  the  Gibbet,  from 
Watson's  History  of  Halifax,  p.  214,  et  seq. 

Hunshelf. — A  farm  called  Unshriven  Bridge  (vulgo  Unsliven 
Brigg),  in  Hunshelfe,  in  the  parish  of  Penistone,  pays  yearly  to 
Godfrey  Bosville,  Esq.,  of  Gunthwaite,  in  the  same  parish,  two 
broad-headed  and  feathered  arrows. 

[From  the  writings  of  Godfrey  Bosville.] 

Hutton-Conyers. — Near  this  town,  which  lies  a  few  miles 
from  Rip  on,  there  is  a  large  common,  called  Hutton-Conyers 
Moor,  whereof  William  Aislabie,  Esq.,  of  Studley  Royal  (Lord 
of  the  Manor  of  Hutton-Conyers),  is  lord  of  the  soil,  and  on 
which  there  is  a  large  coney  warren  belonging  to  the  Lord. 
The  occupiers  of  messuages  and  cottages  within  the  several 
towns  of  Hutton-Conyers,  Melmerby,  Baldersby,  Bainton, 
Dishforth,  and  He  wick,  have  right  of  estray  for  their  sheep  to 
certain  limited  boundaries  on  the  common,  and  each  township 
has  a  shepherd. 

The  lord's  shepherd  bas  a  pre-eminence  of  tending  his  sheep 
on  any  part  of  the  common,  and  wherever  he  herds  the  lord's 
sheep  the  several  other  shepherds  are  to  give  way  to  him,  and 
give  up  their  hooiing-place  so  long  as  he  pleases  to  depasture 
the  lord's  sheep  thereon.  The  lord  holds  his  court  the  first 
day  in  the  year,  and  to  entitle  those  several  townships  to  such 
right  of  estray,  the  shepherd  of  each  township  attends  the 
court,  and  does  fealty  by  bringing  to  the  court  a  large  apple 
pie  and  a  twopenny  sweet  cake,  except  the  shepherd  of  Hewick, 
who  compounds  by  paying  sixteenpence  for  ale  (which  is  drunk 
as  after-mentioned)  and  a  wooden  spoon ;  each  pie  is  cut  in 
two  and  divided  by  the  bailiff,  one-half  between  the  steward, 
bailiff,  and  the  tenant  of  the  coney  warren  before-mentioned, 
and  the  other  half  into  six  parts,  and  divided  amongst  the  6ix 
shepherds  of  the  before-mentioned  six  townships.  In  the  pie 
brought  by  the  shepherd  of  Rain  ton  an  inner  one  is  made 
filled  with  prunes.  The  cakes  are  divided  in  the  same  manner. 
The  bailiff  of  the  manor  provides  furmety  and  mustard,  and 
delivers  to  each  shepherd  a  slice  of  cheese  and  a  penny  roll. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  217 

The  furmety,  well  mixed  with  mustard,  is  put  into  an  earthen 
pot  and  placed  in  a  hole  in  the  ground,  in  a  garth  belonging  to 
{he  bailiff's  house,  to  which  place  the  steward  of  the  court,  the 
bailiff,  the  tenant  of  the  warren,  and  the  six  shepherds  adjourn, 
with  their  respective  wooden  spoons.  The  bailiff  provides 
spoons  for  the  bteward,  the  tenant  of  the  warren,  and  himself. 
The  steward  first  pays  respect  to  the  furmety  by  taking  a  large 
spoonful,  the  bailiff  has  the  next  honour,  the  tenant  of  the 
warren  next,  then  the  shepherd  of  Hutton-Conyers,  and  after- 
wards the  other  shepherds  by  regular  turns ;  then  each  person 
is  served  with  a  glass  of  ale  (paid  for  by  the  sixteen -pence 
brought  by  the  Hewick  shepherd),  and  the  health  of  the  Lord 
of  the  Manor  is  drunk ;  then  they  adjourn  back  to  the  bailiffs 
house,  and  the  further  business  of  the  court  is  proceeded  with. 

[From  a  letter  addressed  by  Mr.  Henry  Atkinson,  of  Eipon, 
to  the  editor  H.  M.  Beckwith,  dated  19th  January,  1778.] 

In  addition  to  the  above  account,  which  the  editor  received 
from  the  steward  of  the  court,  he  learned  the  following  par- 
ticulars from  a  Mr.  Barrowby,  of  Dishforth,  who  has  several 
times  attended  the  court,  and  observed  the  customs  used  there : 
He  says  that  each  pie  contains  about  a  peck  of  flour,  is  about 
16  or  18  inches  in  diameter,  and  as  large  as  will  go  into  the 
mouth  of  an  ordinary  oven;  that  the  bailiff  of  the  manor 
measures  them  with  a  rule,  and  compasses  them  into  four  equal 
parts,  of  which  the  steward  claims  one,  the  warrener  another, 
and  the  remainder  is  divided  amongst  the  shepherds.  In 
respect  to  the  furmety,  he  says  that  the  top  of  the  dish  in 
which  it  is  put  is  placed  level  with  the  surface  of  the  ground ; 
that  all  persons  present  are  invited  to  eat  of  it,  and  those  who 
do  not  are  not  deemed  loyal  to  the  lord ;  that  every  shepherd 
is  obliged  to  eat  of  it,  and  for  that  purpose  is  obliged  to  take  a 
spoon  in  his  pocket  to  the  court,  for  if  any  one  of  them  neglects 
to  carry  a  spoon  with  him  he  is  to  lay  him  down  upon  his 
belly,  and  sup  the  furmety  with  his  face  to  the  pot  or  dish  ;  at 
which  time  it  is  usual,  by  way  of  sport,  for  some  of  the  by- 
standers to  dip  his  face  into  the  furmety;  and  sometimes  a 
shepherd,  for  the  sake  of  diversion,  will  purposely  leave  his 
spoon  at  home. 

Lanowath. — On  the  18th  of  the  Calends  of  January  (20th 
December),  1279,  the  Chapter  of  St.  Peter  of  York  granted  to 
farm  to  J.  S.  all  their  Hay  of  Laugwath,  with  the  soil  of  the 
same  Hay,  heath,  marsh,  and  all  other  appurtenances,  render- 
ing therefor  yearly  to  them  in  the  buck  season  one  buck,  and 
in  the  doe  season  one  doe. 

[Ex  ipso  autographo.] 

Lbtwell. — Thomas  de  Lettewelle  holds  one  acre  of  land  in 
Lettewelle  by  serjeanty,  and  he  is  to  receive  one  hound  at  the 
Nativity  of  the  Blessed  Mary,  and  to  keep  it  the  whole  winter, 


218  YOBKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

and  to  have  every  day  for  keeping  it  threepence  half-penny. 
It  appears  in  the  book  of  fees  that  eight  oxgangs  of  land  were 
held  of  the  Honour  of  Tickhill  by  the  same  service. 

[Ex  prcedicto  Rot.  Feodar.] 

Levington. — Adam  de  Br  us,  lord  of  Skelton,  gave  in  marriage 
with  his  daughter  Isabel,  to  Henry  de  Percy,  eldest  son  and 
heir  of  Joceline  de  Lovain,  the  manor  of  Levington,  for  which 
he  and  his  heirs  were  to  repair  to  Skelton  Castle  every  Christ- 
mas Day,  and  lead  the  Lady  of  the  Castle  from  her  chamber  to 
the  chapel  for  mass,  and  thence  to  her  chamber  again,  and, 
after  dining  with  her,  to  depart. 

[Circ.  temp.  Ric.  I.  vel.  Joh.  Regis.  Great  Percy  chartulary, 
fo.  60.     Collin8's  Peerage,  vol.  2,  pa.  97,  edit.  5.] 

Mexbobough. — The  tenants  of  the  land  of  Roger  Bacon  did 
fealty,  and  acknowledged  that  they  held  in  M  ex  borough  four 
oxgangs  of  land,  and  paid  every  two  years  for  keeping  the 
Castle  (of  Tickhill),  in  each  year,  two  shillings  and  four  pence, 
and  the  third  year  they  paid  nothing ;  and  they  came  to  the 
two  great  courts. 

[Ex  proedict.  Rot.  Feodar.] 

Query  if  this  was  not  the  famous  friar,  Roger  Bacon ;  for 
there  is  a  tradition  that  he  was  a  native  of  this  part  of  York- 
shire, and  that  his  brazen  head  was  set  up  in  a  Held  at  Roth- 
well,  near  Leeds,  where  the  editor  was  born.       J.  Beckwith. 

[Note. — Roger  Bacon  is  said  to  have  been  born  near  Ilches- 
ter,  co.  Somerset,  in  1214.  I  do  not  understand  what  is  meant 
by  the  allusion  to  the  brazen  head,  and  should  like  an  expla- 
nation.—W.  P.  B.] 

Newbiogin. — The  Knights  of  St.  John  of  Jerusalem  in  Eng- 
land, had  at  Newbigging  thirteen  oxgangs  of  land  of  assize  held 
by  these  men — Baldwin  held  one  oxgang  for  two  shillings  and 
a  half,  and  two  hens,  and  twenty  eggs,  and  four  days'  work  in 
autumn,  with  one  man,  to  plough  twice,  to  harrow  twice,  to 
mow  once,  to  make  hay  once,  and,  when  necessary,  to  repair 
the  mill-dam,  and  carry  the  mill-stones,  and  to  wash  sheep  one 
day,  and  to  shear  them  another ;  Bertram  and  Osbert,  for  one 
oxgang  of  land,  paid  thirty  pence,  and  did  service  as  aforesaid, 
&c.  And  be  it  known  that  all  cottagers  ought  to  spread  and 
cock  hay  once,  and  to  wash  and  shear  sheep,  and  repair  the 
mill-dam,  as  those  which  held  one  oxgang  of  land. 

[Inquis.  capt.  ann.  1185.     Mon.  Aug.  torn,  ii,  pa.  589.] 

North  Gyneldale. — Thomas  de  Walkingham,  son  and  heir 
of  John  de  Walkingham,  gives  to  the  King  six  marks,  for  his 
relief,  for  tenements  in  North  Gyneldall  and  East  Gineldale, 
which  he  held  by  the  service  of  finding  one  balistar  towards 
fortifying  the  castle  of  York  in  time  of  war.     80  Ed.  I. 

[De  term.  Hil.  ann.  80  Edw.  I.  Harl.  MS.  Brit.  Mas.,  84. 
pa.  24.]     Now  Great  and  Little  Givendale.    W.P.B. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  219 

Okston  and  Dalton. — Anketil  Malore  holds  certain  lands 
and  ten  shillings  rent,  in  Oketon  and  Dalton,  by  serjeanty  to 
the  King  by  archery  (per  archeriamj  which  land  the  King  gave 
to  the  said  Anketil  in  marriage  with  the  daughter  and  heir  of 
William  de  Muletorp ;  and  he  holds  the  aforesaid  land  of  one 
archery  for  finding  one  servant  towards  the  guarding  of  the 
Castle  of  York  in  time  of  war,  for  forty  days,  at  his  own  proper 
charge.  He  has  also  to  find  a  servant  to  conduct  the  treasure 
of  our  Lord  the  King  throughout  the  whole  county  at  his  own 
proper  charge,  and  out  of  the  county  at  the  charge  of  our  Lord 
the  King. 

[Plac.  coron.  15  Hen.  III.     Ebor.  rot.  i,  dors.] 

Oxspbing. — In  the  year  1572,  John  Waynwright,  Wytwell 
Hall,  in  Hallamshire  (in  the  manor  of  Bolsterstone),  paid  to 
Godfrey  Bosvilie,  Esq.,  Lord  of  the  manor  of  Oxspring,  "  two 
grett  brode  arrows  well  hedyd,  and  barbyd  ordrly." 

[From  the  writings  of  Godfrey  Bosvilie.] 

Poluhoton. — The  Manor  of  Pollington,  near  Snaith,  is  copy- 
hold, and  the  custom  is  there  that  if  a  copyholder  dies  seised  of 
lands,  having  no  issue  male,  but  having  daughters,  and  does 
not  surrender  it  to  them  in  his  lifetime,  the  same  shall  escheat 
to  the  Lord  of  the  Manor,  and  the  daughters  shall  not  inherit. 
Sir  Henry  Savile,  of  Methley,  Baronet,  purchased  this  manor 
of  Sir  Thomas  Metham,  Knight,  and  John  Savile,  of  Methley 
aforesaid,  Esq.,  now  enjoyeth  the  same,  1674. 

[Ex.  MS.  in  Bibliotheca,  Monast.  Ebor.] 

Ripon. — There  are  the  remains  of  a  very  ancient  custom 
once  generally  observed  here  by  the  inhabitants.  On  Mid- 
summer Eve,  every  housekeeper  (i.e.  householder)  who  has  in 
that  year  changed  his  residence  into  a  new  neighbourhood 
(there  being  certain  limited  districts  called  neighbourhoods), 
spreads  a  table  before  his  door  in  the  street  with  bread,  cheese, 
and  ale,  for  those  that  choose  to  resort  to  it,  where,  after  stay- 
ing awhile,  if  the  master  is  of  ability,  the  company  are  invited 
to  supper,  and  the  evening  is  concluded  with  mirth  and  good 
humour.  The  introduction  of  this  custom  is  immorial,  but  it 
seems  to  have  been  instituted  for  the  purpose  of  introducing 
new  comers  to  an  early  acquaintance  with  their  neighbours ;  or 
it  may  have  been  with  the  more  laudable  design  of  settling 
differences  by  the  meeting  and  mediation  of  friends.  The 
feast  of  St.  Wilfrid,  celebrated  annually  at  this  place,  continues 
nearly  a  week.  On  the  Saturday  after  Lammas  Day  an  effigy 
of  the  Prelate  is  brought  into  the  town,  preceded  by  music  ;  the 
people  go  out  to  meet  it  and,  with  every  demonstration  of  joy, 
commemorate  the  return  of  their  former  patron  from  exile. 
The  next  day  is  dedicated  to  him,  being  here  called  St.  Wilfray's 
Sunday. 

[Hist,  of  Ilipon,  pp.  46,  47.] 


220        YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

Sheffield. — [What  follows  is  a  revised  translation  of  the 
title  of  a  roll,  as  given  by  •'E.G."  in  a  letter  to  the  Gentleman's 
Magazine,  vol.  84,  p.  829.] 

From  the  office  of  the  Escheator,  89,  Edw.  III.,  after  the 
death  of  Thomas,  Lord  de  Furnival,  comity  of  York ;  the  Castle 
and  Lordship  of  Sheffield,  with  its  members  and  appurtenances, 
are  held  of  our  Lord  the  King  in  capite,  as  of  his  crown,  by 
homage  and  fealty,  and  by  the  service  of  one  Knight's  Fee,  and 
by  the  service  of  paying  to  the  King  and  his  heirs  yearly  two 
white  greyhounds  ( leporarios )  on  the  Feast  of  the  Nativity  of 
St.  John  the  Baptist. 

(There  is  a  long  note  here  as  to  whether  the  correct  reading 
is  •'  lepores"  hares,  or  "  leporarios"  greyhounds.  The  various 
editors  of  Blount,  and  others,  have  given  their  opinions,  which 
are  mostly  in  favour  of  "hares."  With  great  deference,  I 
venture  to  say  that,  in  my  opinion,  the  greyhound  theory  is 
much  more  likely  to  be  correct.— W.P.B.) 

At  this  place  there  was  a  custom  formerly  used,  that  those 
persons  who  held  lands  of  the  Manor  of  Sheffield,  by  Knight's 
service,  met  yearly  in  the  Wicker,  near  that  town,  on  Easter- 
Tuesday,  dressed  in  armour  and  on  horse-back,  and  were  there 
drawn  up  by  a  captain,  and  proceeded  from  thence  to  the  Town 
Hall  and  back  again ;  after  which  parade  they  had  a  dinner 
provided  for  them  by  the  lord's  steward.  The  person  whose 
duty  it  was  to  act  as  captain  of  this  company  was  John  Wilson, 
Esq.,  of  Broomhead,  who  for  soveral  years  employed  one 
Thomas  Bam  forth,  a  scissor-3inith,  as  his  deputy,  to  officiate 
for  him,  to  whom  he  used  to  lend  his  horse  and  sword  for  the 
day;  and  this  Bamforth,  by  leading  up  the  men  in  that  manner 
for  several  years  acquired  the  name  of  Captain  Bamforth. 

In  the  pleadings  upon  a  writ  of  Quo  Warranto  brought 
against  Thomas  de  Furnival,  before  John  de  Yallibus  and  other 
Justices  Itinerant,  at  York,  7  Edw.  I.,  1279,  he  claimed  to 
cause  an  assembly  of  all  his  men  in  Hallamshire  to  be  held 
every  year  after  Easter,  for  the  confirming  of  the  peace  of  the 
King,  in  the  place  of  the  Great  Tourne.  This  account  was  had 
by  Josiah  Beckwith,  the  editor  of  the  1784  edition,  from  John 
Wilson,  Esq.,  of  Broomhead,  a  gentleman  well  skilled  in  the 
science  of  antiquities,  son  to  the  Mr.  Wilson  whose  deputy, 
Captain  Bamforth  was.  Mr.  Wilson  says  he  does  not  know  how 
his  ancestors  came  to  head  up  the  men,  as  there  were  gentlemen 
of  more  landed  property  in  the  manors,  which  comprehended 
Sheffield,  Hands  worth,  Whiston,  Treeton,  &c,  but  thinks  it  took 
rise  from  Adam  Wilson,  of  Broomhead,  his  ancestor,  who  was 
shield-bearer,  or  esquire,  to  the  said  Lord  Furnival,  and  had 
lands  given  him  in  Wigtwisle,  near  Broomhead,  which  Mr. 
Wilson  still  possesses,  for  his  good  services  in  the  wars  against 
the   Scots ;   in  which  grant   Thomas  de  Furnival  calls  him 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  221 

"  scutiger  mens,"  and  gives  him  the  lands  "pro  bono  servitio 
sno  in  guerram  contra  Scotos."  This  custom,  Mr.  Wilson 
says,  was  kept  up  till  the  year  1715  or  1716,  when  it  was  quite 
dropped,  but  for  what  reason  he  knows  not,  unless  the  Duke  of 
Norfolk,  who  was  then  lord  of  the  district  of  Hallamshire,  and 
was  a  Roman  Catholic,  thought  it  prudent  so  to  do,  lest  some 
hundreds  of  his  tenants,  so  arrayed,  should  give  offence  to  the 
Govenment,  especially  at  that  time.  Mr.  Wilson  further  says 
he  was  told  by  Mr.  Andrew  Wade  and  Mr.  Thomas  Eadford, 
two  old  master  cutlers,  who  could  remember  this  custom 
several  years,  that  it  was  usual  to  hang  a  large  bag  filled  with 
sand  upon  the  bough  of  a  tree  in  the  wicker,  with  a  number  of 
small  rings  fastened  to  it,  at  which  they  tilted  full  gallop  with 
their  swords  drawn ;  if  they  missed  running  their  swords  into 
one  of  the  rings,  the  bag  came  back  with  such  force  that  it 
knocked  them  off  the  horse's  back,  which  was  good  sport  for 
the  bystanders. 

According  to  a  writer  in  the  Builder,  March  26 bh,  1870,  there 
is  a  custom  here  of  granting  leases  for  800  years. 

Softley. — A  farm  at  Softley,  in  the  parish  of  Penistone,  pays 
yearly  to  the  Bosvilles  of  Gunthwaite  a  whittle. 

[From  the  writings  of  Godfrey  Bosville.] 

Strafpobd  Wapentake. — Thomas  Garnifex  holds  of  our  lord 
the  King,  in  capite'  the  manor  of  R  (sic)  by  the  sergeanty  of 
finding  for  him  in  his  army  in  Wales  one  horse,  one  bill,  one 
pin,  (brochiam)  and  one  sack,  &c. ;  and  the  aforesaid  Thomas 
was  amerced  for  the  unjust  detention. 

[Plac.  Coron.  7  Edw.  I.  Ebor.] 

Swinton. — William  FitzDaniel  holds  four  oxgangs  and  a  half 
of  land  in  Swinton,  paying  therefor  yearly  one  flasket,  &c. 

[Plac.  Coron.  15  Hen.  III.  Ebor.  rot.  17.]  Vide  under 
Goulthorp. 

Two  farms  lying  in  this  township  which  belong  to  Earl  Fitz- 
william,  late  in  the  occupations  of  John  Mercer  and  Richard 
Thompson,  every  year  change  their  parish  ;  for  one  year,  from 
Easter-day  at  twelve  noon  till  next  Easter-day  at  the  same 
honr,  they  lie  in  the  parish  of  Mexborough,  and  then  till  the 
Easter-day  following  at  the  same  hour  they  are  in  the  parish 
of  Wath-upon-Dearne,  and  so  alternately.  These  farms  con- 
sist of  about  802  acres. 

[H.  M.  Beckwith,  1815.] 

Tinsley. — William  de  London  holds  Tinneslowe  by  serjeanty, 
and  he  is  to  receive  a  hawk  at  the  feast  of  St.  Michael,  and  to 
train  and  teach  it  custodire  the  whole  winter,  and  to  have  for 
training  it  sevenpence  halfpenny  every  day  out  of  the  lord's 
purse  for  his  service ;  and  his  horses  were  to  be  appraised  if 
they  died  in  the  same  service,  and  the  lord  was  to  pay  him  the 
price. 


222  Y0BK8HIRE    N0TE8    AND    QUERIES. 

William  Wyntworth  holds  his  tenements  in  Tynneslowe  by 
the  service  of  training  and  teaching  custodiendum  a  hawk,  as 
above ;  and  Thomas  Denman  holds  the  other  moiety  in  Tynnes- 
lowe by  the  same  service. 

[Ex  prcediot.  Rot.  Feodar.] 

Ulf's  Lands. — About  the  time  of  King  Canute  the  Dane,  Ulf, 
the  son  of  Thorold,  a  prince  of  that  nation,  governed  in  the 
western  part  of  Deira,  that  division  of  the  ancient  kingdom  of 
Northumbria  which  was  bounded  by  the  river  Humber  south- 
wards, and  to  the  north  by  the  Tyne,  which  continued  so  dis- 
tinguished under  the  Danes,  but  is  now  better  known  by  the 
name  of  Yorkshire,  and  the  five  other  northern  counties  of 
England.  "This  prince,  by  reason  of  a  difference  like  to 
happen  between  his  eldest  son  and  his  youngest,  about  his 
estate  after  his  death,  presently  took  this  course  to  make  them 
equal ;  without  delay  he  went  to  York,  and  taking  with  him  the 
horn,  wherein  he  was  wont  to  drink,  he  filled  it  with  wine,  and 
kneeling  upon  his  knees  before  the  altar,  bestowed  upon  God 
and  the  blessed  St.  Peter,  Prince  of  the  Apostles,  all  his  lands 
and  revenues."  [Camd.  Brit.  tit.  Yorkshire,  West  Biding.] 
The  figure  of  which  horn,  in  memory  thereof,  is  cut  in  stone 
upon  several  parts  of  the  choir,  but  the  horn  itself,  about  King 
Edward  VI's  time,  is  supposed  to  have  been  sold  to  a  gold- 
smith, who  took  away  from  it  those  tippings  of  gold  wherewith 
it  was  adorned,  and  the  gold  chain  affixed  thereto ;  it  is  certain 
that  it  was  remaining  among  many  other  ornaments,  and  pre- 
sented in  the  Sacristy  at  York  in  the  time  of  King  Henry  VIII. , 
some  time  before  the  Reformation ;  where  it  lay  from  the 
time  of  King  Edward  VI.  till  it  fortunately  came  into  the  hands 
of  Thomas,  Lord  Fairfax,  General  of  the  Parliament  Army, 
there  is  no  account ;  but  he  being  a  lover  of  antiquities,  took 
care  to  preserve  it  during  the  confusions  of  the  civil  wars ;  and 
dying  in  1651,  it  came  into  the  possession  of  his  next  relation, 
Henry,  Lord  Fairfax,  who  restored  it  again  to  its  first  re- 
pository, where  it  now  remains  a  noble  monument  of  modern 
as  well  as  ancient  piety. 

As  to  its  present  condition,  its  beauty  is  not  in  the  least  im- 
paired by  age,  it  being  of  ivory,  (of  an  eight-square  form) — the 
carving  is  very  durable,  and  it  is  ornamented  in  the  circum- 
ference, at  the  larger  extremity,  with  the  figures  of  two  griffins, 
a  lion,  unicorn,  dogs,  and  trees  interspersed  in  bas  relief,  and 
where  the  plates  are  fixed,  with  a  foliage  after  the  taste  of  those 
times. 

Lord  Fairfax  supplied  the  want  of  the  plates,  which  anciently 
embellished  this  horn,  honoured  in  all  probability  with  the 
name  of  the  donor,  (the  loss  of  which  original  inscription  can 
only  be  lamented,  not  retrieved)  and  substituted  the  present 
one,  with  the  chain  of  silver  gilt. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

CORNY  HOG  VLPHV8,  IN  OGCIDENTALI  PARTE  DEIRAE  PRINCEPS, 

YNA  GVM  0MNIBV3  TERRJS  ET  REDDITI3YS  SYIS 

OLIM  DONAYIT: 

ADMISSYM  YEL  ABREPTVM 

HENRICY8  D«  FAIRFAX  OEMYM  RE8TITVIT  DEC.  ET  CAP  OE  NOVO 

ORNAVIT.  AN.  DOM.  1675. 

[Arclucologia,  vol.  i.,  p.  168,  et  seq.] 

[The  following  lands  are  mentioned  in  Doomsday  Book  as 
having  formerly  belonged  to  Ulf,  and  now  (1087)  belonging  to 
the  Archbishop  of  York. 

Biding  not  specified. 

Langtoft,       1  Manor,  9  Carucates. 
Gotham,        1       „         9  ,, 

Nobth  Biding. 

Salt  on,  2  Manors,  9  Carucates. 

Brawby,  2  ,,  6          „ 

Barugh  \    q  qj 

AliaBarughj  *  "  ** 

Nawton  4  ,, 

Malton  1  ,,  1          ,, 

Wimbleton  1  ,,  1          „ 

Pockley  1  „  1          ,, 

Ampleford  1  ,,  8          ,, 

Flaxton  1  ,,  6  oxgangs. 
Morton 


'Baschebi" 
Coulton 


2 J  carucates. 

6  ,,  and  1  oxgang. 

4* 


Stonegrave  6  oxgangs. 

W.P.B.] 
Wadslky. — Josiah  Beckwith  (editor  of  the  1784  edition)  was 
informed  by  his  correspondent,  Mr.  Wilson,  of  Broomhead,  that 
he  has  heard  old  men  speak  of  an  ancient  custom  in  the  Manor 
of  Wadsley  which  was  that  the  lord  or  owner  of  Wadsley  Hall 
always  maintained  twelve  men  and  their  horses  at  free  com- 
mons twelve  days  in  Christmas,  and  when  they  went  away 
every  one  stuck  a  large  pin,  or  a  needle,  in  the  mantle  tree. 

Wakefield. — John,  Earl  of  Warren  and  Surrey,  granted  to 
one  John  Howson  a  messuage  in  Wakefield,  the  said  Howson 
paying  the  annual  rent  of  a  thousand  clusters  of  nuts,  and  up- 
holding a  gauntlet  firm  and  strong. 

[Watson's  Memoirs  of  the  Earls  of  Warren  and  Surrey,  Vol.  1, 
pa.  264;  from  a  deed  in  French,  dated  7  Edw.  I.,  late  in  the 
possession  of  Mr.  Thos.  Wilson,  of  Leeds.] 

To  be  continued.  W.P.B. 


224 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

Saltan*, 


Sir  Titus  Salt,  Bart. 
Saltaire,  as  will  bo  seen  from  the  plate  herewith,  is  a  modern 
town,  with  a  newly-invented  name.  It  is  the  grand  design  of 
a  noble  mind.  The  Founder  of  Saltaire  was  the  son  of  Daniel 
Bait  and  Grace,  his  wife,  daughter  of  Isaac  Smithies,  of  Mor- 
ley.  He  was  born  September  20th,  1808,  and  named  after  his 
grandfather,  Titus  Salt,  of  Hunslet.  Soon  after  his  birth, 
which  took  place  at  the  old  Manor  House,  Morley,  the  family 
removed  to  a  farm  at  Crofton.  Whilst  Titus  was  at  Heath 
Grammar  School,  Wakefield,  his  father  removed  to  Bradford, 
and  commenced  busiuess  as  a  woolstapler,  and  was  joined  in 
due  time  by  his  son,  the  firm  becoming  known  as  Daniel  Salt 
and  Son.  During  the  partnership  with  his  father,  he  intro- 
duced the  Russian  Donskoi  Wool  into  the  worsted  trade. 
About  1880,  ho  first  became  acquainted  with  Alpaca,  and  the 


3 


YORKSHIBE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

business  outgrew  the  Bradford  accommodation.  It  is  said  that 
8ir  Titus  intended  to  form  a  new  establishment  east  of  Brig- 
house,  but  falling  to  agree  with  Sir  George  Armytage  about 


Saltaire  Congregational  Church, 
the  land,  he  procured  a  site  at  Shipley,  and  in  1851  commenced 
the  erection  of  the  model  factories  and  town,  now  known  as 
Saltaire,  from  the  founder  and  the  river* 

Y.N.Q.  0 


226  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

We  need  not  repeat  the  oft-told  story  from  Dickens'  HoiueluM 
Words  of  the  purchase  of  the  "frowsy  nondescript  stuff/'  Alpaca 
wool,  in  1886,  nor  the  growth  of  this  beautiful  little  town, 
whose  praise  has  reached  the  four  quarters  of  the  globe.  In 
Abraham  Holroyd's  booklet — "  Saltaire,  and  Its  Founder/*  the 
grand  conception  and  its  ultimate  development  is  minutely 
traced.  The  whole  story  stands  forth  more  like  an  idea  worked 
out  by  some  Utopian  novelist  than  an  accomplished  fact  in 
these  pushing  times.  We  have  the  romantic  incidents  of  the 
opening  of  the  works  on  the  Founder's  fiftieth  birthday,  Sep- 
tember 20th,  1858.  The  workpeople,  2500  in  number,  were 
conveyed  by  special  train  from  Bradford,  and  rubbed  shoulder 
to  shoulder  with  Yorkshire's  aristocracy,  including  the  Lord 
Lieutenant  of  the  County,  the  Earl  of  Harewood,  in  the  unpar- 
alleled rejoicings  of  that  day.  Not  content  with  a  large  mill 
and  first-class  cottage  houses,  each  succeeding  year  saw  some 
magnificent  structure — literary  or  religious,  or  purely  philan- 
thropic— such  as  Infirmary  and  Alms-houses,  added  to  the  at- 
tractions of  the  town,  but  public  houses  were  rigidly  suppressed. 
The  Literary  Institute  and  the  Park  crowned  the  unique  design, 
and  the  Queen  and  her  subjects  were  of  one  mind  in  the  be- 
stowal and  approval  of  a  Baronetcy.  Sir  Titus  had  yielded  his 
seat  as  Member  of  Parliament  for  Bradford  for  more  congenial 
labours  in  local  philanthropy.  He  must  have  looked  with 
great  satisfaction  and  thankfulness  on  the  accomplishment  of 
his  noble  purpose.  Sir  Titus  died  at  Crow  Nest,  Lightcliffe, 
but  was  brought  to  the  Congregational  Church  at  Saltaire, 
which  he  had  himself  founded,  to  be  interred,  and  a  beautiful 
mausoleum  was  added  to  the  structure.  Since  his  death,  royal 
pageants  reminding  us  of  the  days  of  Queen  Elizabeth  have 
been  seen  at  Saltaire, — the  first  when  the  Prince  and  Princess 
of  Wales  stayed  over-night  at  Milner  Field,  Mr.  Titus  Salt's 
residence,  and  again  in  the  Jubilee  year  when  the  Princess 
Beatrice,  accompanied  by  her  husband,  opened  the  Exhibition 
at  Saltaire.  Hardly  had  the  Exhibition  come  to  a  close  when 
Mr.  Titus  Salt  was  suddenly  struck  down  by  heart  disease,  and 
he  too  was  interred  amongst  the  people  with  whom  he  had 
spent  his  life's  labours. 

Of  Sir  Titus  Salt's  ancestors  we  know  nothing,  save  that  his 
grandfather  died  at  Hunslet  Foundry,  August  21st,  1827. 


COINS  STRUCK  IN  YORKSHIRE. 

By  the  Rev.  G.  F.  Cbowtheb,  M.A.,  Member  of  the  Numismatic 
Society,  and  Author  of  a  "  Guide  to  English  Pattern  Coins." 

In  a  description  of  coins  struck  in  Yorkshire  our  attention  is 
limited  to  only  a  small  number  of  towns.    In  fact,  with  the 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES.  AND    QUERIES.  227 

single  exception  of  York  itself,  no  Yorkshire  mint  long  retained 
the  privilege  of  issuing  coins.  Edward  I.  established  a  mint  at 
Kyngeston  upon  Hull,  and  we  have  silver  pennies  of  his,  bearing 
on  the  reverse  the  inscription,  vill  kyngeston.  But  these  pen- 
nies of  Edward  I.  are  by  no  means  common,  and  they  are  the 
only  coins  that  were  ever  issued  from  the  Kyngeston  mint. 

During  the  Civil  War  various  pieces  of  necessity,  or  siege 
pieces,  were  struck  at  Scarborough  and  at  Pontefract.  At  the 
last  named  town  the  Governor  of  the  Castle,  Colonel  John 
Morris,  held  out  against  the  rebels  for  seven  weeks  after  the 
death  of  King  Charles  I.  During  that  period  he  coined  some 
shillings  of  an  octagonal  shape,  inscribed  on  the  obverse,  post  : 
mortem  :  patbis  :  pro  :  filio  ;  and  on  the  reverse,  carol  :  ii  :  d  : 
g:  mao:  b:  f:  et:  h:  rex. 

The  only  other  coins  struck  in  Yorkshire  are  those  which 
were  issued  from  the  York  mint.  The  earliest  known  coins 
which  can  undoubtedly  be  attributed  to  York,  date  from  the  end 
of  the  eighth  century:  from  which  time  to  the  end  of  the  seven- 
teenth century,  the  York  mint  was  worked  almost  without 
interruption.  It  is  probable  that  the  coins  of  Ecgfrith,  King  of 
Northumbria  (670-685),  were  struck  at  York:  and  there  can  be 
no  doubt  that  most,  if  not  all  the  small  copper  coins,  known  as 
"styctf,"  issued  by  the  Archbishops,  E  an  bald  (796),  Yigmund 
(887-854),  and  Yulfhere  (854-900;,  also  owe  their  origin  to  the 
city  of  York. 

The  number  of  early  coins  still  extant,  which  were  struck  in 
this  city,  bears  witness  to  the  wealth  and  power  of  Northumbria; 
and  shews  that  the  second  city  of  the  kingdom  was  at  one  time 
no  mean  rival  of  London  itself.  Although  I  have  not  sought 
for  coins  of  the  York  mint,  my  collection  furnishes,  amongst 
others,  the  following  examples  : — 

A.D.  887-854.     Styca  of  Vigmund,  by  the  moneyer  hvnlap. 
877-894.     Silver  penny  of  Cnut,  or  Guthred,  reading  on 

the  reverse,  ebraice  ctvita  ••• 
circa  905.    Silver  penny  of  S.  Peter,  with  sword  to  left. 
1016-1038.    Silver  penny  of  Cnut  the  Great,  with  name 
of  moneyer  and  mint  on  reverse,  pvlnod  m.o 
eof.,  i.e.  Wulnoth  monetaries  Eoferwic. 
But  to  give  a  list  of  the  York  coins  in  my  collection  would  be 
tedious  to  your  readers.*    It  is  enough  to  add  that  coins  were 
struck  there  by  Aethelstan,  Eadmund,  Eadvig,  Eadgar,  Aethel- 
raedlL,  Cnut,  Harold  I.,  Edward  the  Confessor,  Harold  II., 
William  I.  &  II.,  Henry  I.,  Stephen,  Henry  II.  &  III,,  Edward 
L,  H.  &  HI.,   Bichard  H.,   Henry  V.  &  VI.,  Edward  IV., 
Bichard  HI.,  Henry  VII.  &  VIII.,  Edward  VI.,  Charles  I.,  and 
William  IH. 

•  We  trow  not.— Ed. 


228  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

With  respect,  however,  to  the  coins  of  Edward  VI.,  your  cor- 
respondent is  in  error  in  attributing  to  the  York  mint  those 
which  bear  the  mint  mark  Y.  This  letter  has  reference  to  Sir 
John  Yorke,  who  was  master  of  the  Southwark  mint,  where  all 
pieces  of  Edward  VI.  with  this  mint  mark  were  coined.  The 
York  coins  of  Edward  VI.  have  for  mint  mark  a  pierced  mullet. 
Of  these  we  have  sixpences  and  threepences  of  fine  silver,  with 
the  King's  bust,  full  faced,  on  the  obverse ;  and  on  the  reverse,  a 
shield  of  arms  divided  by  a  cross,  with  legend,  civitas  ebobaci  : 
and  a  penny  of  base  silver,  with  a  Tudor  rose  on  the  obverse, 
and  legend  e.d.o.  rosa  sine  spi.,  the  reverse  bearing  a  shield  of 
arms  divided  by  a  cross,  with  legend,  civitas  ebobaci. 


Blount's  Yorkshire  Tenures. — Continued. 

Wakefield. — In  ejectment  for  copyhold  lands,  held  of  this 
manor,  it  was  admitted  at  a  trial  at  bar  that,  by  the  custom  of  the 
manor,  copyhold  lands  might  be  entailed ;  and  that  the  custom  to 
bar  such  entails  is  for  the  tenant  in  tail  to  commit  a  forfeiture ; 
and  then  after  three  proclamations  made,  the  lord  of  the  manor 
may  seize  for  such  forfeiture,  and  regrant  the  lands  to  the 
copyholder  and  his  heirs,  by  which  means  he  hath  an  estate  in 
fee,  and  by  consequence  the  estate  tail  is  gone;  but  that 
another  custom  to  bar  such  entails  is  for  the  tenant  in  tail  in 
possession  to  make  a  surrender  to  a  purchaser  and  his  heirs, 
and  then  such  purchaser  is  to  commit  a  forfeiture,  for  which 
the  lord  of  the  manor  is  to  seize,  and  to  regrant  to  the  pur- 
chaser,  and  by  this  means  the  issue  in  tail  are  barred,  though 
the  tenant  in  tail  did  not  join. 

[1  Sid.  814 ;  Pilkington  v.  Stanhope] 

[Under  Wakefield  Manor  it  is  customary  to  make  surrender 
by  yielding  a  straw,  and  occasionally  a  straw  may  be  found 
affixed  to  the  deed.    J.H.T.] 

Whitby. — In  the  fifth  year  of  the  reign  of  King  Henry  II., 
after  the  conquest  of  England  by  William,  Duke  of  Normandy, 
the  lord  of  Uglebarmby,  then  called  William  de  Bruce,  the  lord 
of  Snaynton,  called  Ralph  de  Percy,  and  a  gentleman  free- 
holder, called  A  Hot  son,  did,  on  the  16th  day  of  October,  meet 
to  hunt  the  wild  boar,  in  a  certain  wood  or  desart  called  Esk- 
dale-side :  the  wood  or  place  did  belong  to  the  Abbot  of  the 
Monastery  of  Whitby,  who  was  then  called  Sedman,  and  Abbot 
of  the  said  place. 

Then  the  aforesaid  gentlemen  did  meet  with  their  hounds 
and  boar-staves  in  the  place  aforesaid,  and  there  found  a  great 
wild  boar ;  and  the  hounds  did  run  him  very  hard  near  the 
chapel  and  hermitage  of  Eskdale-side,  where  there  was  a  monk 
of  Whitby,  who  was  a  hermit ;   and  the  boar  being  so  hard 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.        229 

pursued,  took  in  at  the  chapel  door,  and  there  laid  him  down 
and  died  immediately,  and  the  hermit  shut  the  hounds  out  of 
the  chapel,  and  kept  himself  at  his  meditation  and  prayers,  the 
hounds  standing  at  a  bay  without,  the  gentlemen  in  the  thick 
of  the  wood,  put  behind  their  game,  in  following  the  cry  of  the 
hounds,  came  to  the  hermitage,  and  found  the  hounds  round  the 
chapel ;  then  came  the  gentlemen  to  the  door  of  the  chapel, 
and  called  on  the  hermit,  who  did  open  the  door,  and  then  they 
got  forth,  and  within  lay  the  boar  dead,  for  which  the  gentle- 
men in  a  fury,  because  their  hounds  were  put  out  of  their 
game,  run  at  the  hermit  with  their  boar-staves,  whereof  he 
died ;  then  the  gentlemen  knowing,  and  perceiving  that  he  was 
in  peril  of  death,  took  sanctuary  at  Scarborough ;  but  at  that 
time,  the  Abbot,  being  in  great  favour  with  the  King,  did  re- 
move them  out  of  the  sanctuary,  whereby  they  came  in  danger 
of  the  law,  and  not  privileged,  but  like  to  have  the  severity  of 
the  law,  which  was  death.  But  the  hermit,  being  a  holy  man, 
and  being  very  sick,  and  at  the  point  of  death,  sent  for  the 
Abbot,  and  desired  him  to  send  for  the  gentlemen,  who  had 
wounded  him  to  death ;  so  doing,  the  gentlemen  came,  and  the 
hermit,  being  sick,  said,  "  I  am  sure  to  die  of  these  wounds :  " 
the  Abbot  answered,  "  They  shall  die  for  it ; "  but  the  hermit 
said,  "  Not  so,  for  I  will  freely  forgive  them  my  death,  if  they 
are  content  to  be  enjoined  this  penalty  (penance)  for  the  safe- 
guard of  their  souls :  "  the  gentlemen  being  there  present,  bid 
him  enjoin  what  he  would,  so  he  saved  their  lives :  then  said 
the  hermit,  "  You  and  yours  shall  hold  your  land  upon  (of)  the 
Abbot  of  Whitby  and  (his)  successors  in  this  manner ;  that 
upon  Ascension-day  even,  you,  or  some  of  you,  shall  come  to 
the  wood  of  Stray  heads,  which  is  in  Eskdale-side,  and  the 
same  day  (Ascension-day  at  sun-rising),  and  there  shall  the 
officer  of  the  Abbot  blow  his  horn,  to  the  intent  that  you  may 
know  how  to  find  him,  an4  deliver  unto  you,  William  de 
Bruce,  ten  stakes,  eleven  strut  stowers,  and  eleven  yadders,  to 
be  cut  with  a  knife  of  a  penny  price ;  and  you,  Ralph  de  Percy, 
shall  take  one  and  twenty  of  each  sort,  to  be  cut  in  the  same 
manner ;  and  you,  Allotson,  shall  take  nine  of  each  sort,  to  be 
cut  as  aforesaid,  and  to  be  taken  on  your  backs,  and  carried  to 
the  town  of  Whitby,  and  to  be  there  before  nine  o'clock  of  the 
day  before  mentioned ;  and  at  the  hour  of  nine  o'clock,  if  it  be 
fall  sea,  to  cease  their  service,  as  long  as  till  it  be  low  water ; 
and  at  nine  o'clock  of  the  same  day,  each  of  you  shall  set  your 
stakes  at  the  brim  of  the  water,  each  stake  a  yard  from  another, 
and  so  yadder  them  with  your  yadders,  and  to  stake  them  on 
each  side  with  strut-stowers,  that  they  stand  three  tides,  with- 
out removing  by  the  force  of  the  water;  each  of  you  shall  make 
at  that  hour  in  every  year,  except  it  be  full  sea  at  that  hour, 
which  when  it  shall  happen  to  come  to  pass  the  service  shall 


280  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

cease :  you  shall  do  this  to  remember  that  yon  did  slay  me,  and 
that  you  may  the  better  call  to  God  for  mercy,  repent  yourselves, 
and  do  good  works.  The  officer  of  Eskdale-Side  shall  blow, 
Out  on  you !  Out  on  you !  for  this  heinous  crime  of  yours :  if 
you  or  your  successors  refuse  this  service,  as  long  as  it  shall 
not  be  a  full  sea,  at  the  hour  aforesaid,  you  or  yours  shall  forfeit 
all  your  lands  to  the  Abbot  or  his  successors ;  this  I  do  intreat, 
that  you  may  have  your  lives  and  goods  for  this  service,  and 
you  to  promise  by  your  parts  in  heaven,  that  it  shall  be  done 
by  you  and  your  successors  as  it  is  aforesaid  " :  and  then  the 
Abbot  said,  "  I  grant  all  that  you  have  said,  and  will  confirm 
it  by  the  faith  of  an  honest  man  "  :  then  the  hermit  said,  "  My 
soul  longeth  for  the  Lord,  and  I  as  freely  forgive  these  gentle- 
men my  death,  as  Christ  forgave  the  thief  upon  the  cross";  and 
in  the  presence  of  the  Abbot  and  the  rest,  he  said  moreover 
these  words,  "In  manus  tuas,  Domine,  commendo  spiritual 
meum,  a  vinculisenim  mortis  redemisti  me,  Domine  veritatis." 
(Into  Thy  hands,  0  Lord,  I  commend  my  spirit,  for  Thou  hast 
redeemed  me  from  the  bonds  of  death,  0  Lord  of  truth.)  And 
the  Abbot  and  the  rest  said  "Amen."  And  so  (the  hermit) 
yielded  up  the  ghost  the  8th  day  of  December.  Upon  whose 
soul  God  have  mercy,  Anno  Domini,  1160. 

[From  a  printed  copy  published  at  Whitby  a  few  years  prior 
to  1816.] 

N.B. — This  service  is  still  annually  performed.     H.M.B. 
[The  Lord  of  Whitby  Manor,  as  successor  to  the  abbots, 
about  half  a  century  since  offered  to  dispense  with  the  cere- 
mony, but  the  proprietor  of  the  remaining  lands  held  by  this 
remarkable  tenure  declined  it.     N.  &  Q.,  3rd  ser.,  ii.  pa.  88. 

The  feudal  system  of  the  Penny  Hedge  was  duly  observed  on 
Wednesday  Morning  (Ascension  Eve),  by  Mr.  Herbert,  in  the 
presence  of  Mr.  Pennock  and  others.  Whitby  Gazette,  May 
81,  1862.     W.P.B.] 

Whorlton. — Nicholas  de  Menyll  held  the  Manor  of  Whorlton, 
&c,  of  the  Archbishop  of  Canterbury,  by  serving  the  said  Arch- 
bishop of  Canterbury  on  the  day  of  his  consecration,  with  the 
cup  out  of  which  the  Archbishop  was  to  drink  that  day. 
[Escaet.     16  Edw.  III.,  no.  87.] 

I  [Bradford  Horn,  see  p.  218.  UlfsHorn, 
York,  see  pp.  222,  223.  Poulson  gives  the 
arms  of  Ulf,  the  Danish  Lord  of  Aldbrough, 
and  other  East  Biding  Manors,  as  shewn 
herewith,  and  &tates  that  he  died  in  the 
reign  of  the  Confessor,  and  that  the  fifth 
in  descent  from  him  married  in  1228  the 
daughter  of  Thomas,  Lord  of  Greystock, 
and  the  later  Barons  of  Greystook  take  the 
Forno  and  Ulf  arms  quarterly.] 


Y0BK8HIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


281 


York. — Philip  le  Lardiner  claims  to  be  salesman  (venditor) 
for  our  Lord  the  King  in  fee,  within  the  county  of  York,  of  all 
things  to  be  sold  for  debt  owing  to  the  King,  and  also  for  Queen - 
gold  fproauro  Regime).  In  this  manner — viz.,  that  he  or  his 
certain  attorney  should,  at  the  command  of  the  Sheriff,  go  from 


282       Y0RK8HIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

place  to  place  within  the  county  at  his  own  charges  to  make  the 
said  sales,  and  should  take  for  every  such  sale  for  his  fee  xxxij. 
pence.     [Quo  Warr.  Ebor.  temp.  Edw.  I.] 

Which  tenure  was  afterwards  seized  into  the  King's  hands 
for  the  abuse  thereof,  as  appears  by  the  Great  Roll  of  the  Pipe, 
2  Ed.  II. 

David  Lardinar  holds  one  piece  of  land  in  York  by  the  service 
of  keeping  the  gaol,  and  of  selling  the  cattle  which  were  taken 
for  the  debts  of  our  Lord  the  King,  and  it  is  worth  yearly  6 
shillings. 

[Testa  de  Nevil.  868.] 

William  de  Malehovers  holds  one  piece  of  land,  and  the  ad- 
vowson  of  the  chapel  of  St.  Mary  Magdalen,  by  the  service  of 
finding  benches  for  the  county  court. 

iibid.] 

The  1st  of  August  is  said  to  be  called  Lammas,  quasi  Lamb 
Mass,  because  on  that  day  the  tenants  that  held  land  of  the 
cathedral  church  of  York,  which  is  dedicated  to  St.  Peter  ad 
Yincula,  were  bound  by  their  tenure  to  bring  a  live  lamb  into 
the  church  at  high  mass  on  that  day. 

[Blount's  Law  Diet,  in  verbo.] 

Before  the  Enclosure  Act  came  into  effect,  a  large  portion  of 
the  land  in  the  immediate  vicinity  of  York  was  held  by  a  rather 
peculiar  tenure.  The  owners  of  the  fields  were  entitled  to  keep 
them  enclosed,  and  have  the  exclusive  enjoyment  of  the  land 
during  the  summer  half-year;  but  on  Michaelmas  Day  the 
fences  were  thrown  down,  and  certain  freemen  of  the  city  had 
the  right  of  turning  on  their  cattle  to  depasture  for  the  ensuing 
six  months. 

[Extracts  from  the  York  Records,  by  Robert  Davies,  1848, 
pp.  186,  198.] 

London.  W.  Paley  Baildon. 


Washbdrn  Place  Names. — I  should  be  extremely  obliged  by 
the  notes,  etymological  and  otherwise,  of  correspondents  upon 
the  following  place-names,  all  occurring  near  the  head- waters 
of  the  Washburn,  some  on  the  high  moors,  some  on  the  rocky 
slopes  of  the  dells,  and  some  as  names  of  brooks,  &c.  The 
spelling  is  that  of  the  Ordnance  Survey.  The  portion  in  italics 
is  the  portion  of  the  word  to  which  attention  is  drawn— Hood- 
stnrth,  Whams  ("  The  Whams,"  "  White  Whams,"  &c.) ;  Slade 
(Hangon  Slade);  CapelshtLW,  or  Cappish&vr;  Lifo'shaw;  Brandrith, 
or  BrandrrtA;  RedfwA ;  Fleets  (on  the  moor);  Iioclianl  Dyke; 
Maukin  Gro68 ;  Pan  Head ;   Yaud  Bones  Ridge ;  /WAstones. 

A   FORESTEB. 


YOBXBHIBE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES.        288 

Domestic  State  Papers,  James  I.,  Vol.  XXXVII,  No.  107. — 
An  undated  and  an  unsigned  State  Paper  being  a  description  of 
the  Manors  of  Wakefield,  Pontefract,  Knaresborough,  and  Tic- 
kell  in  Yorkshire,  belonging  to  the  Duchy  of  Lancaster,  and  of 
others  in  Lincolnshire,  according  to  a  recent  survey  with  entries 
of  the  nature  of  the  tenures,  the  occupation  and  character  of 
the  inhabitants,  and  the  feasibility  of  obtaining  increased  rents. 
About  November,  1608. 

Ducatus  Lancaster. — Wakefeild. 

The  Manor  of  Wakefeild  is  neare  800£  of  copihold  rent, 
rented  generally  at  iiijd.  the  acre. 

The  most  of  it  inclosed  ground,  meadow  and  pasture  worthe 
Eight  or  Tenn  shillings  an  acre,  p.  ann. 

Their  fynes  upon  deathe  or  alienacon  arbitrable. 

The  proffitts  of  Courts  are  in  lease. 

The  Stewards  make  great  proffit. 

The  better  sort  of  tenants,  there,  desire  to  be  made  free  and 
thinck  fourescore  years  fyne  no  great  rate. 

The  Tenants  generally  riche  and  traders  in  clothe,  most  of 
them  peaceable  and  quietly  disposed. 

Therefore  I  think  this  Lordshipp  may  be  made  a  worthie  ex- 
ample of  proffitt  to  many  other  of  like  tenure,  for  I  verily  think 
they  may  be  drawen  with  some  circumstances  to  very  high  rates. 
Pountfrett. 

The  Honor  of  Pountfrett  consists  of  eightene  Manors  whereof 
fowre  of  the  best  are  in  Joincture  to  the  Queen,  therefore  not 
surveyed  by  me.  The  Copihold  rent  of  the  rest  amounts  to  £400 
or  thereabouts. 

The  rents  are  rated  Higher  than  Wakefeild. 

Their  fynes  arbitrable  as  Wakefeild. 

The  soile  nor  Tenants  so  riche,  yett  well  disposed  and  may 
be  drawen  to  convicons  annswerable  to  their  abilities  and  the 
benefitt  they  shall  receave. 

Knaresbroughe. 

The  manor  and  forest  of  Knaresbroughe  in  Copihold  rent  is 
about  £200. 

The  soile  good  and  inclosed,  the  tenants  generally  riche. 

The  one  half  of  this  rent  is  in  the  forest  where  all  their  land 
is  rented  at  vjd.  an  acre,  their  measure  is  so  great  as,  one  with 
another,  they  hold  fowre  acres  for  one  throughout  the  forest. 

They  observe  their  Customs  curiously  and  stand  upon  it  that 
their  fynes  are  certein  upon  alienacon,  and  so  are  they,  for 
anything  I  could  either  see  or  learne. 

They  are  the  most  headstrong  people  in  that  country,  there- 
for preparatives  must  be  there  used  before  the  mayne  service  be 
in  band. 

There  neither  is  nor  hath  been  (within  memory)  any  deare 
in  the  forest,  nor  any  woods  to  make  account  of. 


284        YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 

Great  store  of  sheep  are  kept  in  the  forest  which  are  no  forest 
goods. 

In  this  Lordship  are  moch  and  good  demesnes  claymed  and 
holden  by  Copie,  the  Tenants  whereof  are  willing  to  give  fortie 
yeares  fyne  to  be  made  free,  thoughe  their  rent  farr  exceed  the 
forest  rent  ratably. 

Tickhull. 

In  the  manor  of  Tickhull  is  about  100£  Gopihold  rent. 

The  fynes  arbitrable  but  the  rents  highly  rated. 

The  Tenants  nor  soile  so  good  or  riche  as  in  other  places, 
yet  will  the  Tenants  intertayne  their  freedome  at  a  reasonable 
highe  rate,  in  respect  they  think  their  Steward  useth  them 
hardely  thoughe  the  King's  proffitt  be  small  therein. 

Some  other  small  manors  there  are  in  Yorkshire  of  like  state 
and  nature  as  Tickhull,  but  the  rents  of  them  all  amount  not 
to  100£. 

Lincoln. 

All  the  Duchie  Manors  in  this  countie  I  have  surveyed  and 
fynd  the  Copihold  rents  there  amount  near  to  500£. 

Their  fynes  generally  uncertaine,  except  the  Manors  of  Gree- 
tham  and  Waddington,  which  are  but  small  things. 

The  rents  of  the  Manors  of  Long  Sutton  and  Ingoldemeales 
are  about  200£.     The  Soile  very  good  and  inclosed. 

The  Tenants  riche  and  great  reason  to  hope  to  raise  as  moch 
proffit  to  His  Matie.  in  these  two  manors  as  in  Wakefeild. 

The  rest  in  Lincolnshire  are  not  so  riche  tenants  nor  soile  so 
good,  yett  may  they  easily  be  drawen  by  example  of  their 
neighbours  to  what  their  abilities  will  beare. 

So  the  whole  Copihold  rent  in  theis  two  Counties  (which  I 
have  onely  yett  surveyed)  comes  to  about  1500£. 

In  Lancashire,  Staffordshire,  Derbishire,  Leicestershire  and 
other  Counties  within  my  office  are  very  great  store  of  Copihold 
rent  which  I  shall  willingly  survey  upon  direccon. 

Transcribed  by  Dr.  F.  Collins,  York. 


Yorkshire  Collections  on  Briefs  from  the  Parish  Records 
of  Denston,  Suffolk.  £     Bm  <j# 

1665.     It.  Collected  to   a   Breife   Oct.  15,  for 
Shelling  ffleete  in  the  East  Ridinge  of  Yorkeshire  2    1 

1691.  Aug.  16,  for  Thirske  (Poor  Persons  in  N. 

Riding  of  Yorks.    Arch.  Cant.  xiv.  211.) 1    0 

1692.  For  Hedon  in  Yorkshire  1     1 

1805.    June  16,  Coley  Chapel,  co.  York,  charges  106  10    8 

*     „     28,  Kighley  Church,       „  „      2620  12    9 

Collected  nothing. 

•  This  is  written  Kinjley  in  \\>rki.  Notei  an  I  Queriei.     p.  194. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

1805.  +  Nov.  24,  Wobsey  (?)  Chapel,  co.  York. 

Collected  nothing.  Charges  888  14    9 

1806.  June  15,  Lnddenham  Chnrch,  co.  York. 

Charges  1418  18    0 

1807.  July  19,  Thornwaite  Chpel.  co.  York. 

Charges  258  11     5| 

1807.  Aug.  9,  Folly  foot  Fire,  co.  York.        „       806    0    0 

1808.  July  17,  Fewston  Church  in  co.  York. 

Charges  719  16     5£ 
Sep.  18,  Pudsey  Mill  Fire  co.  York. 

Charges  128  14     0 
From  Proceedings  of  Suffolk  Institute  of  Archaology,  VI.  p. 
425-9.    1888.  F.  R.  F. 


Weeping  Cross. — I  am  collecting  materials  for  the  history  of 
the.  Weeping  Cross  (Crux  lacrymansj,  to  illustrate  the  phrase 
"coming  home  by  Weeping  Cross  ";  and  shall  be  much  obliged 
to  you  if  you  can  contribute  any  information  from  unpublished 
sources.  W.  H.  8.,  Yaxley,  Suffolk. 

Inscriptions  on  Early  English  Pottery. — Believing  that  not 
a  few  collectors  would  appreciate  a  list  of  the  names,  initials, 
inscriptions  and  dates  occurring  on  pieces  of  English  pottery  of 
the  Mrlier  fabriques,  I  am  collecting  information  with  a  view  to 
publication.  I  have  already  notices  of  such  specimens  as  are 
to  be  found  in  the  public  and  larger  private  collections,  but  am 
desirous  of  including  as  many  as  may  be,  of  those  in  private 
hands,  and  my  object  in  asking  you  kindly  to  insert  this  letter, 
is  to  encourage  possessors  to  communicate  with  me.  The  prin- 
cipal varieties  of  pottery  which  I  propose  to  include  in  my  list 
are  the  following : — Slip  Ware,  including  Toft.  Maroud  Ware. 
Lambeth,  Bristol  and  Liverpool  Delft.  Salt  Glazed  Ware. 
Jackfield.  Nottingham.  Fulham  and  Lambeth  Stone  Ware. 
Porcelain  and  the  later  descriptions  of  pottery  such  as  Leeds 
and  Wedgewood  are  outside  the  scope  of  my  enquiries. 

Replies,  stating  size  of  specimens  and  giving  full  particulars 
of  the  Inscriptions  or  Dates  will  be  gratefully  received  by 

Childwall,  Bichmond-on-Thames.  J.  Eliot  Hodgkin. 

A  Regiment  of  Yorkshire  Militia  before  1815. — I  should 
be  glad  if  any  of  your  readers  could  give  me  information  re- 
specting a  regiment  of  Militia  which  was  raised  some  time 
before  the  battle  of  Waterloo,  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Halifax, 
when  there  was  a  scare  about  an  impending  French  invasion. 
Is  there  any  account  of  same  in  any  Yorkshire  books,  giving  a 
list  of  officers,  etc.  W.  A.  T. 


t  Wibsey.    Ibid. 


286  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

[Several  sketches,  including  one  in  YorksJdre  Costumes,  have 
appeared  respecting  the  83rd  Regiment,  alias  Haver-cake  Lads. 
Notices  of  Halifax  Volunteer  Regiments  appeared  in  the  Local 
Portfolio,  a  series  of  papers  in  the  Halifax  Guardian.  A  list  of 
Officers,  &c,  will  oblige. — Ed.] 


Notes  from  Silkstone  Registers. 
Marriages. 

1655.  Nov.  22.  John  Moksone  and  Jane  Wardsworth. 
1661.  Feb.  14.  Josias  Wardsworth  and  Elizabeth  Harison. 
1668  or  9  qy  month  80.  Thomas  Wordsworth  &  Anne  Burdett. 
1670.  Oct.  27.  John  Wordsworth  and  Jane  Heap. 

1676.  May  25.  Francis  Wodsworth  and  Mary  Smith. 

Nov.  7.  Francis  Wardsworth  and  Martha  Samson. 
1680.  Oct.  7.  Francis  Wordsworth  and  Sarah  Pollard. 
1702.  Dec.  81.  William  Wadsworth  and  Mary  Roberts,  both  of 

Hoy  lands  waine. 
1702.  Oct.  12.  George  Womersley  and  Mary  Wordsworth. 
1710.  Apr.  18.  Robert  Wadsworth  and  Anne  Bramha. 
1718.  Oct.  27.  Jeremy  Kenerley  and  Martha  Wardsworth. 

1714.  Aug.  81.  Robert  Wordsworth  and  Anne  Harper,  of  ye 

p'ish.  of  Darfield. 

1715.  Apr.  22.    Edward  Wilkinson,   of  Peniston,   and   Sara 

Wadsworth  of  p'ish  of  Tankersley. 
The  5th  Vol.  of  Registers  containing  entries  up  to  1788  is  so 
full  of  notes  of  Wordsworths,  I  had  not  time  to  extract  them. 
I  also  observed  numerous  entries  of  Wordsworths  in  the  2nd 
Vol.,  that  is  during  the  period  anterior  to  1598.  There  is  a 
note  in  Vol.  8  as  follows : — "  There  is  a  deficiency  in  these 
Registers  of  55  years,  from  1598  to  1658.  Note  this  Vol.  com- 
mences with  a  single  Baptism  in  1651." 

Baptisms. 

1656.  Dec.  21.  Robert,  s.  Adam  Wardsworth,  of  Stainborough. 
7.  July  4.  Elizabeth,  d.  Cristopher  Wardsworth,  of  Healey 

in  Hoyland. 
1659.  Apr.  11.  Mary,  d.  John  Wardsworth,  of  Thurguland. 
1664.  Aug.  14.  William,  s.  Adam  and  Anne  Wadsworth. 

5.  Mar.  4.  Adam,  s.  Adam  and  Anne  Wadsworth,  of  Stain- 
brough. 
1669-70.  Jan.  8.  Amos,  s.  Thomas  and  Anne  Wordsworth. 
71.  Aug.  12.  Mary,  d.  John  and  Jane  Wod worth. 
75.  Feb.  6.  William,  s.  John  and  Jane  Wod  worth. 

77.  July  10.  Francis,  s.  Francis  and  Sarah  Wadsworth. 

78.  July  11.  Mary,  d.  Richard  Wordsworth. 
71.  Jan.  8.  Joshuah,  s.  John  Wordsworth. 

Feb.  11.  Anne,  d.  John  Wordsworth. 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  23V 

1679.  May  15.  Sarah,  d.  Francis  Wordsworth. 

Sep.  5.  Elizabeth,  d.  of  Mr.  Richard  Wordsworth. 

80.  Jan.  11.  Susanna,  d.  Mr.  Richard  Wordsworth,  of  Folth- 

wait. 

81.  July  28.  John,  s.  Francis  and  Sarah  Wordsworth,  of 

Stainborough. 
168}.  Mar.  22.  Joseph,  s.  Johnathan  Wordsworth,  of  Thurgo- 
land. 
88.  May  27.  William,  s.  Mr.  Richard  Wordsworth,  of  Faw- 
lethwaite. 

84.  Oct.  0.  Elizabeth,  d.  Johnathan  Wordsworth,  of  Thurgo- 

land. 
Dec.  26.  Joseph,  s.  Francis  Wordsworth,  of  Thorgoland. 

85.  Sep.  8.  Hanna,  d.  Robert  Wordsworth,  of  Thorgeland. 
8i.  Jan.  19.  Thomas,  s.  Mr.  Richard  Wordsworth,  of  Fawlett 

87.  Sep.  20.  Jonathan,  s.  Robert  Wordsworth,  of  Thorgoland 

88.  Sep.  18.  Johnathan,  s.  Johnathan  Wordsworth,  of  Thur- 

guland. 
91.  May  21.  Benjamin,  s.  „  „  Thorgoland. 

99.  July  16.  William,  baseborn  son  of  Martha  Wadsworth, 
of  Thurgoland. 
1708.  Sep.  28.  Adam,  8.  William  Wadsworth,  of  Hoylandswaine 

}.  Jan.  15.  Jonathan,  8.  John  Wadsworth,        „        ,, 
1704.  Oct.  8.  John,  s.  Josias  Wordsworth  (altered  from  Wails- 
worth),  of  Thurgoland. 

5.  May  8.  Martha,  d.  Matthew  Wadsworth,  Brettain. 
June  6.  Sarah,  d.  Jo.  Wordsworth,  Hoylandswaine. 

6.  April  29.  Jonathan,  8.  Wm.  Wordsworth,        „ 

7.  „     11.  John,  s.  John  ,,  „ 

June  4.  Jane,  d.  Josias  „         of  Thurgoland. 

9.  Dec.  81.  Sarah,  d.  William  Wadsworth,  of  Hoylandswaine 
10.  Apr.  19.  Joseph  &  Benjamin,  s.  of  Robt.  &  Anne  Wods- 
worth,  base  begotten,  of  Hoylandswaine. 
171?.  Feb.  2.  Josias,  s.  John  Wodsworth,  of  Hoylandswaine. 

BUBIALS. 

1658.  Nov.  11.  Elizabeth  Wardsworth,  of  Silkston. 
57.  May  7.  Robert,  s.  Adam  Wardsworth,  of  Stainborough. 
68.  April  16.  William  Wardsworth,  of  Wrathhouse,  in  the 
p'ish  of  Peniston. 

60.  Mar.  25.  WUlem,  s.  Wilem  Wardsworth,  of  Stainbrough* 
Oct.  26.  Anne,  wife  „  ,,  „ 

Dec.  8.  Richard,  s.  John  Wardsworth,  of  Thurgoland. 
„    21.  Elizabeth,  d.  John        „  „ 

61.  July  17.  Christopher  Wardsworth,  of  Hoylandswaine. 

65.  Apr.  4.  Richard,  s.  Mr.  Willm  Wadsworth,  of  Fawfet. 

66.  Oct.  8.  Christopher,  s.  Jane  Wadsworth,  of  Hoola. 
11.  Jane,  d. 


Dec.  28.  William,  s. 


288  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

166?.  Mar.  5.  William  Wordsworth,  of  Falthwaite. 

79.  Aug.  29.  Ann  Wordsworth. 
Sep.  1.  John  ,, 
Oct.  10.  Mary  „ 

80.  Aug.  11.  Mary  ,,  of  Thurgoland. 

81.  June  7.  Adam  „  of  Stainborough. 

82.  Feb.  18.  Sarah  Wordsworth,  of  Thurgoland. 

82.  Nov.  7.  Sarah,  d.  John  Wordsworth,  of  Thurgoland. 
88.  Oct.  1.  Sarah,  d.  Francis  Wordsworth. 

84.  Apr.  10.  John  Wordsworth,  of  Thurgoland. 

85.  July  6.  William  Wordsworth,  of  Stainborough. 

87.  Aug.  7.  Mary,  wife  of  Francis  Wordsworth,  of  Thurgoland 
98.  Dec.  11.  Mary,  d.  Bobert  Wordsworth,  of  Thurgoland. 
1707.  Nov.  25.  Jane,  d.  Josias  Wordsworth,  of  Thurgoland. 

10.  Ap.  29.  Joseph  and  Benjamin,  ss.  of  Bobert  and  Anne 

Wadsworth. 

11.  July  18.  Joshua,  s.  Bobert  Wodsworth,  of  Thurgoland. 
4i.  Jan.  28.  Bobert  Wodsworth,  of  Thurgoland. 

if.  Feb.  14.  A  still  born  child  of  John  Wadsworth's  of  Hoy- 

landswaine. 
London.  J.  T.  Squibe. 


Ancient  Sessions  Notes  Extracted  fkom  the  Originals. 

Alehouse. — Upon  a  good  certificate  now  prsentd.  at  Corte 
vnder  the  hands  of  Sir  George  Cook  Barrt.  John  Mawhood 
Clerk  Vickar  of  Arksey  and  eighteen  more  substantyall  Inhi- 
tants  there,  as  alsoe  by  the  oath  of  two  witnesses  now  sworne 
in  corte  it  is  made  appeare  That  Bobte  Carver  and  Anne  his 
wife  of  Stockbridge  within  the  pish,  of  Arksey  aforesaid  who 
kepes  a  comon  Alehouse  or  Tipleing  house  are  psons  much 
debauched  in  their  lives  amongst  their  neighbors  for  cheateing 
and  deceiving  all  whom  they  converse  with,  haveing  heretofore 
suffered  for  Thefte  and  doe  uniustly  sue,  vex  and  trouble  many 
psons  at  Law  without  any  iust  cawse  and  sevall  other  misde- 
meanors all  wch  the  Corte  now  takeing  into  seryous  considera- 
cion  doe  think  fitt  and  accordingly  order  That  the  said  Bobte 
Carver  for  the  reasons  above  said  be  for  future  supprest  for 
keeping  any  Alehouse  or  tipling  house  any  longer,  and  if  hee 
continue  to  doe,"  &c.  then  to  be  sent  to  York  Castle.  Don- 
caster,  1677. 

A  Leeds  Wedding. — The  Information  of  Jane  Streaker  taken 
before  Thomas  Fairfax,  Esq.,  March  8,  1685,  Who  saith,  That 
she  did  goe  to  Leeds  old  Church  to  be  marryed  about  ffoure 
yeares  agoe  with  one  John  Streaker  and  they  did  both  then  say 
part  of  the  words  required  by  the  Church  of  England  in  Matri- 
mony but  did  not  say  all  that  should  compleat  their  marryage. 
After   living   sometime  with  her  husband  she  ran  away  to 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES.  289 

London,  returning  to  Yorkshire  to  know  if  her  husband  was 
dead  so  that  she  could  marry  Mathew  Holdsworth,  servant  to 
a  stapler  in  Sotherick  (Southwark)  att  the  signe  of  the  plume 
of  ffeathers."    Pontefract,  April  1686. 

Scene  in  Bradford  Church. — Sarah  Hurd  on  Sunday,  7th 
March  1674  (O.8.),  in  a  very  disorderly  and  seditious  manner 
com'd  into  the  Church  of  Bradford  in  time  of  divine  service, 
and  did  then  and  there  by  some  indecent  and  clamorous 
speeches  disturb  the  minister  in  his  prayer  and  the  whole  con- 
gregation in  their  devotion.     She  was  a  qnakeress. 

Witchcraft. — The  Information  of  Laurence  Slater  of  Idel, 
W.  R.  Yorks,  Salter,  taken  upon  oath  the  27th  August,  1690, 
That  he  was  by  and  prsent  with  James  Booth,  Martha  Thorn- 
ton Junr.,  and  John  Thornton  of  Idel  his  neighbours  about  a 
fortnight  since  in  the  dwellinghouse  of  Anthony  Baistricke  of 
Idel  aforesaid  in  the  parlour  there  (drinking  ale)  when  the 
aforesaid  Martha  Thornton  and  James  Booth  began  to  differ  in 
words  in  his  hearing,  and  James  Booth  said  to  Martha  Thorn- 
ton What  do  my  children  call  thee,  and  she  answered  They  call 
me  Witch.  And  he  said  What  art  thou  but  a  Witch.  She 
answered  Ye  have  not  such  a  one  to  set  by  me.  And  he  said 
again,  I  had  a  daughter  but  thou  hast  destroyed  her  by  Witch- 
craft. Vpon  wch  the  said  Martha  Thornton  did  catch  the  said 
Jamefl  Booth  by  the  hair  of  the  head  and  dasht  his  head  against 
a  cupboard  but  afterwards  they  were  quieted.  Before  Walter 
Calverley,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Esholt.     Wakefield,  Oct.  1690. 

Hearth  Tax. — "John  Simpson,  of  IdeD,  yeoman,  Constable, 
gave  information  Oct.  18th,  1686,  before  Walter  Calverley  Esq., 
J.P.,  that  Anthony  Sclater,  of  Idell,  yeoman,  in  February  last 
did  assault  him  when  assisting  Mr.  Joseph  Holden  to  collect 
the  hearth  money  there;  and  set  his  mastine  dogg  upon  them." 
Settlements. — The  Churchwardens,  Overseers  and  Inhabi- 
tants of  Idell,  1686,  petition  the  magistrates,  reciting  that  Luke 
Sutcliffe,  in  order  to  gain  a  settlement  had  pretended  to  take  a 
farm  of  William  Hillhouse  of  £10  rent  per  annum,  assisted  by 
James  Hobson,  of  Eccleshill,  they  pray  for  his  removal  to  his 
own  town,  Laurence  Bucke,  of  Idel,  churchwarden,  Jas.  Booth, 
Thomas  Slater,  Joseph  Vicars. 

There  was  some  disturbance  about  the  settlement  of  Jeremy 
Ffield  at  Idel  in  1699,  but  the  previous  order  giving  him  a  set- 
tlement, was  confirmed.  [I  have  traced  the  Fields  from  1280, 
when  they  were  owners  of  land  at  Fieldhouse,  in  Sowerby,  a 
branch  settling  at  Hipperholme  about  1580.  This  Jeremy  was 
of  the  Hipperholme  family,  and  progenitor  of  the  Fields,  Lords 
of  the  manor  of  Shipley,  now  represented  by  Lady  Kosse.] 

Roads. — At  Pontefract  Sessions,  1695,  two  magistrates  certi- 
fied that  Wrose  Bank  bad  been  placed  in  good  repair. 


240  YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 

In  1699  the  inhabitants  of  Idel  petition  to  be  freed  from  an 
expensive  service  laid  upon  them,  by  the  main  road  passing 
over  a  narrow  strip  of  the  township  at  Apperley  Bridge. 

To  the  Bight  Worppfull  His  matyes  Justices  of  the  Peace  at 
Wakefield  Sessions  in  January  1699. 

The  Humble  Petioon  of  the  Con[sta]ble  &  other  Inhitants  of 
Idel  Sheweth 

That  the  High  Boad  leading  from  Bewick  vpon  Tweed,  New- 
castle vpon  Tyne  and  seu'all  other  places  in  the  north  to  Hallifax 
Manchester  Leverpool  Chester  Wales  and  other  places  adjacent 
lyeth  from  Otley  to  Carleton  and  from  thence  to  Yeadon  and  so 
down  a  long  lane  called  Apperley  Lane  in  the  Constablerys  of 
Yeadon  and  Bawdon  to  Apperly  Bridge  and  thence  in  a  little 
track  or  neck  of  land  by  the  Biver  Ayre  not  above  one  hundred 
yards  in  length  within  the  Gontblery  of  Idel  aforesaid  and  no 
further  within  that  Contblery  but  then  up  a  Long  Lane  called 
Eccleshill  Banke  to  Eccleshill  Town  and  so  through  Gontblery 
of  Eccleshill  to  Bradford  And  though  the  town  of  Idel  lyeth  a 
mile  backwards  from  the  said  Bridge  out  of  the  Boad,  yet  by 
reason  of  the  said  little  neck  of  Land  in  their  Gonblery  through 
wch  the  Boad  passeth,  the  Gonbles  of  Yeadon  Bawdon  and  Ec- 
cleshill aforesaid  do  daily  bring  passengers  to  the  Conble  of  Idel 
aforesaid  to  be  passed  to  or  fro  (as  occasion)  on  the  said  Boad 
to  the  manifest  grievance  of  yor  Peticoners  and  the  great  hin- 
drance of  such  passengers  on  their  Boad,  for  by  that  means 
they  are  put  a  long  mile  and  a  half  at  least  out  of  theire  way 
besides  the  badness  and  inconveniency  of  the  Byroad.  And 
though  the  Gonbles  of  Yeadon  Bawdon  and  Eccleshill  doe  know 
and  have  been  often  informed  that  they  might  more  convenient- 
ly and  for  quicker  conveying  of  the  said  passengers  bring  them 
from  one  to  another  without  going  out  of  the  said  way  to  Idel 
yet  they  p'tend  they  cannot  do  it  by  reason  of  the  said  little 
neck  of  land  lying  in  Idel  without  an  order  of  these  sessions 
for  it. 

Yor  Peticoners  therefore  humbly  pray  that  yor  Wor'pps 
would  be  pleased  to  grant  them  an  Order  that  the  said  Conbles 
of  Yeadon  Bawdon  and  Eccleshill  may  convey  passengers  from 
one  to  another  on  the  said  Boad  without  going  out  of  the  way 
to  yor  peticoners  And  that  upon  notice  of  the  said  Order  they 
yield  Obedience  therevnto. 

And  yor  Peticoners  shall  ever  pray,  &c. 
[An  Order  to  be  pursuant  to  this  Petition.    Becite  the  whole 

matter.] 

Tobacco. — Order  requiring  the  law  suppressing  the  planting 
of  tobacco  in  England  to  be  more  rigidly  enforced.    1675. 
J.  H.  T. 

T.  HARRISON,  M  INTRA.  ROCKRINDRR.  AC,  RtNttkRY. 


$n&*£  jSominum- 

(Yorkshire  Notes  d-  Queries.) 

[Compiled  by  Mr.  G.  F.  Tudor  Shebwood,  88  Museum  Street, 
Oxford  Street,  W.] 


Abbott,  112. 
Adam,  109,  111. 
Adamson,  167,  168,  170 

Mb. 
Aethelraed,  227. 
Aethelatan,  227. 
Aislabie,  6,  212,  210. 
Akroyd,   12,   16,  17  p., 

18  bis.,  54. 
Albermarle,  48. 
Alderburae,  63. 
Alderalaye,  114, 171  bis. 
Aldenon,  162. 
Algetor,  161, 162,  164  p. 
AUenson,  204. 

Alline,  109. 

AUotson,  228,  229. 

Axnandus,  87. 

Ames,  53. 

Amyas,  90  bis. 

Aneram,  5. 

Anderson,  26  bis. 

Andrews,  Andros,  And- 
roys,  97,  98  p. 

Annesley,  213. 

Aqmtaine,  90. 

Archer,  109. 

Arderne,  90. 

Argyll,  181. 

Armitage,  Axmytage,  20 
p.,  27,  49,  76,  101  p., 
105,  138,  152,  187, 
189,  190,  198,  204  p., 
206,225. 

Armstrong,  178, 179. 

Arnold,  39 

Arundel,  5, 109. 

Ashe,  166, 167  bis.,  168. 

Ashley,  28. 

Ashton,  115. 

Ashworth,  125. 

Askew,  136. 

Aspiner,  117,  118,  167, 
169, 170, 172. 

Atberskme.  68. 

Atkins,  48  bis. 

Atkinson,  82  p.,  48,217. 

Aodland,  31. 

Aorelianus,  160. 
T.H.Q. 


Austwicke,  108,  109  bis., 
Ill,  112,  113,  115  p., 

116,  117,  118,  166, 
167  bis.,  168  bis.,  169, 
170, 171  p.  172,  p. 

A'Wood,  7. 
Azacher  (?),  166. 

Bacon,  218  p. 

Baildon,  64. 

Bailey,  96,  41,  50,  176, 

177, 184  bis. 
Baines,  32  p. 
Balamany,  183. 
Baldwin,  218. 
Ball,  162. 
Bamforth,  220  p. 
Banks,  79. 
Barber,  37,  141. 
Barghe,  113. 
Barker,   110    bis.,    167, 

175,  192. 
Barkeston,  87. 
Barnebnrgh,  89. 
Barnebnrn,  87. 
Barnes,  15. 
Barras,  52. 
Barrowby,  217. 
Barton,  27. 
Barwic,  54. 
Bate,  75  bis. 
Batley,  190. 
Batt,  12, 13. 
Batty,  25, 79  bis.,  81  bis., 

82,  161. 
Baynes,  74, 163. 
Bayntnn,  22  bis.,  23. 
Baytman,  171 
Beaumont,  Bemond,  88, 

94, 187,  188,  190, 206, 

208.' 
Beckit,    44,    109,    110, 

111  bis.,  113, 114  bis., 

117,  167, 168, 172. 
Beckwith,  97,  212  bis., 

217,218,220,221,228. 
Bedforthe,  172. 
Beet,  115. 
Beilly,  47. 


Bell,  111  p  ,  112,   114, 

115  bis.,  118,  170. 
Benson.  30. 
Bent,  96. 
Bentley.    Bentlaye.    27, 

170, 171  bis.,  172. 
Benton,  162. 
Benyon,  125. 
Berry,  29,  39,  42,  175, 

176,  180. 
Bertram,  218. 
Beverlaye,  109,  111,  112, 

116,  117. 
Bewlay,  110. 
Bigleskirke,     108,     116, 

167,  168,  169  p.,  170 

p.,  172. 
Bigmore,  42. 
Bileliffe,  216. 
Billington,  39. 
Binglaye,  168. 
BinnB,  96. 

Birtwhistle,  150,  160. 
Besett.  Bissett,  215. 
Blackburn,   40,   41,   92, 

96,  170bis.,  171. 
Blacketer,  41. 
Blackett,  1,  4. 
Blaize,  42. 
Blakeley,  38. 
Blakeling,  31  bis.,  32  p. 
Bland,  27,  47. 
Blunt,  216. 
Blythman,  48. 
Bcehler,  66,  67  bis. 
Bolderstone,  209. 
Boiling,  94. 
Bollon,  51. 
Boniface  Pope,  91 
Booth,  239  p. 
Borlase,  142. 
Bosril,   214  p.,  216  p., 

219  bis.,  221  bis. 
Boswell,  120. 
Bourne,  163. 
Bousfield,  80. 
Bower,  168. 
Bowling,  40. 
Bowser,  73. 


242 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


Boyes,  138. 
Boynton,  28. 
Bradley,  24. 
Bramha,  236. 
Bramhall,  76  big. 
Bramham,  167  bis.,  168. 
Brand,  89  bis.,  188. 
Brandon,  183. 
Branthwaite,  32. 
Brathwaito,  110, 116,169. 
Braddell,  11. 
Brayshaw,  28. 
Brears,  Bryers,  169, 170 

bis. 
Breman,  167. 
Brigge,  Briggs,  11,  37. 

109,  110,  111  bis.,  113 

bis.,    117.,    167,   168, 

170  bis.,  171. 
Bright.  42. 
Bristoe,  177. 
Britton,  55  p. 
Broadbent,  162. 
Broadlaye,  110,  111  p., 

116  p.,  117  bis.,  118, 

171,  173. 
Broadrick,  162  bis. 
Broadhead,  168. 
Brooke,  Brook,  Brooke, 

28,  39,  51  bis.,  87,  96 

p.,  98,  99,   113,    115, 

116,117,141,169,171. 
Brooks,  94. 
Brooksbank,  29. 
Brownbrigg,  108,  109. 
Brace,  61,  228,  229. 
Bras,  218. 

Book,  26,  48, 118.  289. 
Burd,  27. 
Bnrdett,  236. 
Burgh,  90,  203. 
Burnett,  114,  115. 
Burnleye,  115. 
Burnouf ,  59  bis. 
Bnrrell,  40. 
Barrow,  52. 
Barrows,  75. 
Barton,  78, 169  bis. 
Bushel,    116,    117    bis., 

168, 169, 170  bis.,  171 

bis.,  172. 
Butler,  94  p.,  96  p. 
Byng,  199. 

Calamy,  124. 
Calcraft,  165. 
Calthom,  89. 
Calverley,  60,  78  p.,  239 
bis. 


Cam,  31. 
Caney,  73. 

Canterbury  Aby.,  230. 
Carnifex,  221. 
Carr,  42, 184. 
Carter,  5,  43. 
Carver,  238  bis. 
Casson.  72  p.,  81. 
Cavendish,  20,  21  p. 
Cawbord,  49. 
Cawood,168.169,170p., 

171  p.,  172. 
Cawthron,  163. 
Chadwiok,  116,  187. 
Chaloner,  22  bis. 
Chamber,  93,  98. 
Chappell,  65  bis.,  56. 
Chatburne,  109  p.,  110, 

111  bis.,  112, 113, 114. 

117. 
Chauncy.  161,  162. 
Chauntrve,  109,  171  bis. 
Child,  116. 
Childers,  165  bis. 
Chippendale,  26. 
Chorlton,  125  p. 
Chrissmor,  204. 
Clapham,  110  bis ,  111, 

113,  117. 
Clarell,  212. 
Clarence,  214. 
Claridge,  16. 
Clarke,  162,  199. 
Clarkson,  96, 192. 
Clay,  49. 
Clayton,  10  bis.,  11  p., 

12  p..  13  p.,  14  p.,  15 

p.,  98,  99,  171. 
Clayworth,  85. 
Clif,  Clyfe,  88,  109  bis., 

169,  171  bis.,  172  bis. 
Clifford,  29,  48. 
Clifton,  88. 
Cioughe,  110  bis. 
Cnut,  227  p. 
Coates,  Coyts,  113,  138 

bis..  176. 
Cockin,  74, 125, 127, 128. 
Cookshott,  94,  96. 
Cordington,  6. 
Collres,  117. 
Coldwell,  42. 
Colevyle,  215. 
Collins,  138. 
Collyer,  96  bis.,  184. 
Coltass,  96. 
Comber,  53. 
Conder,  51. 
Constantino,  48. 


Cooke,   22  p.,   44,    73, 

165,  182,  238. 
Cope,  42. 
Copeland,  30. 
Copley,  12,  13,  28,   48, 

79  p. 
Coppindale,  81. 
Corlrige,  108,  109,  111, 

16ft 
Corker,  113,  114  p..  115 

bis.,   116  p.,   117  p., 

118,  167,  168, 169. 
Cornewell,  75. 
Corney,  32. 
Cornish,  182  bis. 
Costable.  111. 
Cotton,  124,  160. 
Coward,  125. 
Cowell,  50,  51. 
Cownall.  213. 
Cowper,  99  bis.,  100. 
Cowpland,  47. 
Crabtree,  10  p.,  14  bis., 

75. 
Crawshaye,  167. 
Cropping,  212. 
Cresey,  213. 
Cressacre,  203. 
Crew,  53. 
Cric,  122. 
Crigan,  18. 
Croft,  17,  82,  47, 138. 
Crofts,  17. 
Crosley,  18  bis. 
Cromwell,  140. 
Crowther,  204. 
Cumberland,  197. 
Cumming,  56. 
Cunningham,  125. 
Carson,  212. 

D'Abernoun,  63. 
D'Arcy,  5  bis. 
Dalkeith,  5. 
Dalton,  88. 
Darby,  201. 
Darwin,  139. 
Davenport,  122. 
Davidson,  108. 
Davies,  43,  232. 
Davis,  133. 
Davison,  110. 
Dawney,  5. 

Dawson,  29, 89, 177, 190. 
Dealtry,  79.  82. 
Dean,  175  bis. 
Deane,  27. 
Deighton,  81. 
De  Lacy,  214. 


INDEX    NOMINUM. 


248 


Delamere,  183  bis. 
Dent,  32. 
Denton,  46,  47. 
Derby,  71  bis.,  73  bis., 

78. 
Detley,  220. 
Dewsberry,  120. 
Dickinson,     Dickinson, 

19,  29,  32. 
Dickson,  125. 
Digby,  89. 
Dobeon,   117,  118,  167, 

170. 
Doddridge,  125, 177, 186. 
Dodgson,  110,  111  bis., 

117,  167,  168  p.,  169 

bis.,  170, 171  bis.,  172. 
Dodson,  51, 113,  114. 
Dodsworth,  28,   49,    74 

bis,  83. 
Donlrin,  115,  116. 
Dorker,  113,  115. 
Downe,  5,  25. 
Dowoit,  120. 
Draper,  17  bis., 
Drurye,  170,  171. 
Dugdale,  80. 
Duncombe,    6,    21    bis., 

138  bis. 
Dnndas,  21  bis.,  22  p., 

23. 
Dunnill,  44. 
Dvight,  119  bis.,  120. 
Dyghton,  100. 
Dyson,  43. 

Eidgar,  227. 

Eadmund,  227. 

Eadyig,  227. 

Eanbald,  227. 

Ecgfrith,  227. 

Edmunds,  73. 

Edward  Confessor,  227. 

Elgood\37. 

Eliot,  168. 

Ellis,  27,  115,  169. 

Elmsall,  81. 

Eltoff,  199, 

Empson,  28, 167. 

England,  68  p. 

Eoferwic,  227. 

Ergnm,  89. 

Erwin,  74  bis. 

Esh,  112,  116,  117  bis., 

118, 167, 168  bis.,  170 

P.,  171. 
Essex,  179. 
Encker,  165. 
Everingbam,  43,  111. 


Eyre,  45. 
Eylmyn,  213. 

Fairfax,  20  bis.,  45,  48, 

222  p.,  238. 
Farrand,    13,    115,    116 

Mb.,  117, 167. 
Farrer,  12,  13,  51,  138. 
Fawcett,  32. 
Fawconer,  111,  112. 
Fawkes,  41. 
Fayle,  52. 

Fearnlaye,  169  bis  ,  171. 
Fenton,  40. 
Field,  79,  81,  239. 
Fieldhouse,  96. 
Finch,  5. 
Firth,   176  p.,  177  bis., 

184  p.,  185,  186. 
Fitz-Bardolph,  174. 
Fitz-Daniel,  221. 
Flamevill,  87. 
Flandrensis,  88. 
Fleming,   83,  87,  88  p., 

105. 
Fletcher,  86. 
Foljomb,  212  bis. 
Foolde,    Foulds,   Folds, 

108,    110,    116,    117, 

166,  167  p.,  168,  169 

bis.,  170  p.,  171  bis. 
Foores,  117,  168. 
Forno,  230. 
Forster,  163,  166. 
Fox,  5,  20,  30  bis.,  31  p. 
Frances,  116. 
Franke,  118,  208. 
FrankJand,  6  bis.,  124  p. 
Fricklaye,  108,  110  bis., 

113,  117  bis.,  169  bis., 

170. 
Frilend,  63. 
Fuller,  93,  98. 
Fnrnival,  72  bis.,  220  p. 
Fyshe,  114. 

Galway,  6  p.,  21  bis. 
Gargrave,  100. 
Garner,  172. 
Gaunt,  213. 
Gaythorne,  74. 
Gee,  110,  bis. 
Geffirason,  112. 
Gennings,  96. 
Gerard,  183  p. 
Geryas,  25  p. 
Gibson,  27,  49,  73,  204 

bis. 
Gilbert,  87. 


Gill,  26,  42. 
Gledhill,  29,  204. 
Glover,  166. 
Godartins,  53. 
Golding,  32. 
Goldsbrough,  96. 
Goodrich,  199. 
Gosling.  162. 
Gott,  172. 
Gough,  105, 118. 
Gourd,  39. 
Graham,  39. 
Graunt,  81. 
Gray,  32, 179, 183. 
Greaves,  41. 

Green,  20  bis.,  61,  54,  56, 
111  bis.,  112  bis.,  114, 

115,  116,    117,    118, 
123,  167  bis.,  169. 

Greens,  54  bis.,  55,  56. 
Greenwood,  32,  38,  49, 

81,  86,  110  bis.,  Ill 

bis.,  187. 
Gregg,  73. 
Gregory,  44. 
Grenfield,    113,  115  p., 

116,  118  p.,  166,  168, 
169,  170,  172. 

Grenegate,  88. 
Grey,  183. 
Greystock,  230. 
Griffith,  162. 
Grosvenor,  72  p. 
Gutch,  104. 
Guthred,  227. 
Gyles,  53. 

H.,  62. 

Habergham,  74. 

Hague,  47  bis. 

Haigh,  190. 

Hailes,  75. 

Hailstone,  123. 

Hainsworth,  55  bis. 

Hakebourne,  63. 

Halilaye,  Helilaye,  118, 
167, 168  bis. 

Hall,  37  bis.,  108,  110 
bis.,  Ill  bis.,  112,  113 
p.,  115,  116,  117,  138, 
167  bis.,  175  bis.,  176 
p.,  17*  bis.,  185, 190. 

HaUey,  124  bis. 

Halliday,  40,  46,  47  bis. 

Hambden,  183. 

Hammond,  161,  162  bis. 

Hancock,  46. 

Handasyd,  5. 

Hanson,  160,  175. 


244 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


Hardacres,  47. 
Hardcastle,  175. 
Harde,  167. 
Hardy,  204. 
Harewood,  226. 
Hargraves,  43. 
Harold,  227  bis. 
Harper,  40,  236. 
Harris,  165. 
Harrison,  32,   76,    118, 

236. 
Hartley,  24,  54  p.,   55, 

56,  67,  123,  189,  199. 
Hartyndon,  108. 
Hasse,  66  bis.,  68. 
Hattersley,  43. 
Hauptman,  67. 
Haveweldun,  88. 
Hawke,  21  p. 
Hawkswortb,    94,    116, 

117  bis.,  118, 167, 169, 

170,  171  bis. 
Hazlitt,  212,  216. 
Heald,  38,  39,  40. 
Heap.  236. 
Heard,  239. 
Hearne,  151. 
Heatb,  81. 
Heather,  170. 
HeatoD,  10  bis.,  114  bis., 

115  bis.,  116, 118, 167 

bis.,  168  bis.,  169  bis., 

203,  206  bis. 
Heddersley,  203. 
Hemingway,  27. 
Heptinstall,  108,  112. 
Hepworth,  41,  113,  116, 

188,  192  bis. 
Herbert,  230. 
Herring,  197. 
Hewett,  47. 
Hewley,  129. 
Herwood,  46  p.,  81, 124, 

175,  177  bis.,  180, 184. 
Hickman,  124  p. 
Hicks,  85. 
Hill,  6,  85,  125. 
Hillhoupe,  239. 
Hinchliffe.  45,  109  bis., 

114,  116,  117  p. 
Hirst,  27,  113,  188,  189, 

190,  195, 19fr,  207. 
Hitchin,  125. 
Hobkirk,  105. 
Hobson,  170,  289. 
Hodgson,  32,  40,  51,  70, 

81. 114, 115  bis.,  116  p. 
Holderness,  75, 161. 
Holdon,  94bie,96p,239. 


Holdroyd,  28. 

Holdsworth,  191,  196, 
239. 

Hollinworthe,  111. 

Holloway,  77. 

Holme,  32. 

Holmes,  29,  66,  96,  163. 

Holroyd,  226. 

Holt,  190. 

Hood,  82,  103,  105,  206. 

Hop,  63. 

Hopkins,  161. 

Hopkinson,  108,  109, 
110  p.,  Ill  bis. 

Hopton,  87,  191  p.,  203 
bis.,  206  bis. 

Hopwood  72  bis. 

Hornby,  71  bis. 

Horncastle,  113,  114  p., 
115, 116, 118, 167, 168 
bis.,  169. 

Horner,  109  bis.,  Ill  bis., 
118,  114,  169. 

Horsfall,  29,  204. 

Horsley,  160. 

Horton,  26,  70  p  ,  71  p., 
72  p.,  73  p.,  74. 

Hotham,  130. 

Houghton,  45, 54, 119  p. 

Howard,  165,  181,  183. 

Howden,  22  bis. 

Howet,  Hawet,  J 09  bis., 
110  p.,  Ill  bis.,  112 
bis.,  113,  114  bis.,  115 
bis.,  116,117, 118  bis., 
166,  167  p.,  168,  169 
p.,  171  bis.,  172  bis. 

Howgill,  31,  bis. 

Howson,  223, 

Hudson,  94  p.,  96. 

Hugh,  171,  172. 

Hulme,  177,  186. 

Humble,  54. 

Hunlaf,  227. 

Hunt,  41,  214. 

Hunter,  51,  81, 105  bis., 
124  bis. 

Hnntingden,  110,  112 
biB  ,  113,  114,  115  p., 
HObis.,  117  bis.,  167 
169,  171  bis.,  173  bis. 

Huntington,  118. 

Hurst,  190. 

Hurstwood,  121. 

Hutchinson,  109,  111. 

Huthwaite,  177. 

Hutton,  47  bis. 

Hyrst,  192. 

Hyrd,29. 


Ibbotson,  20. 
Illingworth,  28. 
Ingham,    66    bis.,    101, 

190  bis. 
Ingram,  6  bis.,  74. 
Irwin,  6. 

Ismay,  84, 85  bis.,86, 204. 
Isat,  168. 
Izat,  115,  116  bis.,  117 

bis.,  171,  172. 

Jackson,  49,  110  bis., 
Ill,  112  p.,  113  p., 
114  bis.,  115, 117, 133, 
166,  168,  169, 171  bis. 

Jagger,  50,  51. 

Jarcks,  168. 

Jecorngill,  13. 

Jefferey,  180, 182. 

Jefferson,  112,  139  bis., 
141. 

Jenkins,  20  bis. 

Jenkinson,  115  bis,  116 
bis.,  117  bis.,  170. 

Jennings,  29,  177. 

Jessop,  11. 

Jewit,  120, 122. 

Jollic,  124  bis.,  177. 

Jolliff,  20,  166  bis. 

John,  87. 

Johnson,  120  bis.,  135, 
168,  169. 

Jowett,  49. 

Eaye,  20  p.,  26,  27,  43, 

48  bis.,  76,  117,  171, 

172,  189,  190. 
Kean,  41,  77. 
Keen,  198. 
Keith,  138. 
Kemp,  41. 
Kendall,  40. 
Kenerley,  236. 
Kent,  43,  161,  162  bis., 

163,  164,  165  p.,  214. 
Kenyon,  75. 
Kepast,  Kepax,  Keps,  86, 

87. 
Kerfoot,  73  bis. 
Kerr,  5. 
Kershaw,  76. 
Kighley,  99,  181  bis. 
Kirkby,  78,  125  p. 
King,  183. 
Kitson,  29. 

Lake,  168. 

Lambe,  112,  167,  170, 
171, 172. 


INDEX    NOMINUM. 


245 


Lambert,  50, 161,  174. 

Lancaster,  27. 

Lane.  20  p.,  21. 

Langdale,  47, 68  bis.,  70. 

Langton,  32  big. 

Langwith,  96. 

Larthner,  231,  232. 

La9celle3, 5  bis.,  6  bis. 

Latham,  125. 

La  Trobe,  65,  67,  68. 

Law,  28. 

Lawson,  52. 

Lawton,  80. 

Ledgard,  187  bis.,   188 

p.,  190  bis. 
Lee.  39,  52, 93, 108, 172, 

187. 
Lees,  133. 
Legh,73bis.,  74. 
Lepton.  88. 
Le  Strange,  183. 
Lethall,  118. 
Letteron,  111   bis.,   112 

bis.,  113  bis.,  114. 
Lettewelle,  217. 
Lewis,  80. 
Lillington,  163. 
Linfield,  111. 
Linnecar,  39. 
Lister,  6, 19  p.,  29,  160, 

175  bis.,  176, 177, 178, 

179,  184  p.,    185  p., 

186  p. 
Litchford,  165  bis. 
Lbyd,  71  p.,  73  p.,  75. 
Lobley,  94. 
Lockley  96. 
London,  221. 
Long,  96. 
Longley,  51. 
Longstaff,  174. 
Lorraine,  43. 
Lothian,  5. 
Louther,  12. 
Lorain,  218. 
Lowther,  23,  43,  74. 
Ludlow,  166  p. 
Lund,  26  bis. 
Lyard,  167. 
Ljwegge  89  P- 

Macan,177. 
MariU,  41  bis. 
Makin,  109. 
Malhaos,  24. 
MalhoTors,  232. 
Mtlhom,  89  bis. 
MaUerye,  167,  168,  169 
bis. 


Mallinson,  169. 
Malore,  219. 
Manners,  5. 
Manser,  169. 
Marchlund,  116. 
Margerison,  192  p.,  204. 
Margison,  109  bis. 
Marriott,  72  bis. 
Marryatt,  123. 
Marsden,  176,  177  bis., 

184. 
Marshall,  81. 
Martin,  106. 
Maser,  169. 
Mason,  32, 117, 162, 163, 

168  bis.,  169. 
Matthews,  41. 
Maude,  40,  41,  96  bis,, 

106. 
Mauley,  118,  212. 
Mawhood,  238. 
Mawson,  109. 
Maxfield,  182. 
Maylins,  75. 
Medhurst,  39. 
Medope,   109,    115    116 

bis.,  117  bis.,  118. 
MenyU,  230. 
Mercer,  221. 
Meteyard,  122. 
Metham,  89,  219. 
Mexbro',  138  p. 
Miall,  47,  124  bis. 
Micklethwaite,  103,  190. 
Midleton,  168,  169,  170. 
Milner.  20  p.,  21  p.,  22 

p.,  29, 51,  75, 112, 163. 
Milnerson,  111,  113, 114. 
Milnes,  21  p. 
Mirfield,  89  p.,  90,  203. 
Modestus,  159. 
Moidre,  112. 
Moisier,  18,  53. 
Moksone,  236. 
Molt,  24. 
Monkhouse,  40. 
Monkton,  6  Mr.,  47. 
Monmouth,  179, 181  bis., 

182. 
Monson,  5. 
Montgomery,  68. 
More,  100, 171. 
Morley,  76,  112,  169. 
Morris,  38,  227. 
Morritts,  48. 
Moseley,  72. 
Mostyn,  5,  6,  72  p. 
Mounger,  88. 
Mounteney,  90  bis. 


Mowbray,  215. 
Moxon,  51. 
Muletorp,  219. 
Muller,  59. 
Munket,  168. 
Murray,  5,  53. 
Musgrave,  138. 

Naylor,  37  bis.,  79. 

Neai,  122,  177. 

Nelson,  82,  111,  113, 
114,  169,  171. 

Ness,  176,  177,  184. 

Nettleton,  81  bis. 

Neuell,  12,  13. 

Nevill,  74,  76,  206. 

Nevin,  187. 

Newall,  110. 

Newby,  94,  96. 

Newmarch,  213. 

Newnham,  6. 

Newton,  161. 

Nichols,  41,  44. 

Nightingale,  127. 

Noble,  124, 169, 177, 184. 

Norfolk,  221, 

Norris,  190. 

Northrop,  213,  p. 

Norton,  109  p.,  110  bis., 
Ill  p.,  112,  113  p., 
114,  115,  116,  117  p., 
168,  169,  170  p.,  171, 
172  p.,  173. 

Nowell,  11. 

Nussey,  38. 

Nut,  172. 

Oastler,  68. 
Ockershausen,  67. 
O'Conner,  43. 
Oddie,  28,  41. 
Oglethorp,  81. 
OUerton,  23,  24. 
Orde,  138. 
Osbert,  218. 
Owen,  125. 
Owens,  162. 
Oxley,  190. 

Padget,  110,  111,  112, 
113, 114, 117  bis.,  118, 
168  bis.,  169, 170. 

Palin,  19. 

Palmes,  74. 

Pape,  26. 

Park,  114,  117, 171, 174, 

Parker,  11,  27,  50,  169, 
170. 

Parkinson,  118, 172, 


246 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


Parrott,  82. 
Parsons,  54,  79. 
Paslaye,  117,  118,  168, 

172  bis. 
Payler,  73. 
Pearson,  11,  29  bis.,  108, 

111,112,113,116,117. 
Pease,  75. 
Peirse,  6. 
Peoples.Peobles,  Peebles, 

188 
Peel,  112  bis.,  113,  116, 

117,  168. 
Pelham,  6. 
Pemberton,  13. 
Pennock,  230. 
Percy,  218,  228,  229. 
Perke,  172. 
Perkins,  162. 
Perrot,  17. 

Peter,  87, 118. 

Petre,  22  bis. 

Philips,  197. 

Philipson,  75. 

Pickering,  81,  109  bis., 
110,  111,  112  bis.,  113, 
114,    115,    116,    117, 

118,  167,  168  bis. 
Pighels,  10,  11  bis.,  14  p. 
Pilkington,  6, 49, 97  bis., 

228. 
Pincerna,  215. 
Pitt,  Pitts,  6,  44. 
Place,  52,  53  p.,  54  p., 

119  p.,  121. 
Planohe,  120. 
Plantagnett,  81. 
Pollard,  28,  236. 
Popplewell,  99. 
Popelay,  89. 
Portington,  74. 
Poulson,  230. 
Powell,  74. 
Preston,  119,  122. 
Price,  177. 
Prickett,  163. 
Priestley,  71  bis.,  72 bis., 

98,  125. 
Priestman,  96. 
Prince,   116,    117,    167, 

168,  170,  172  bis. 
Proctor,  114. 
Pyke,  171. 
Pyman,  114. 

Qnincy,  175. 
Qninciano,  174. 

Raistracke,  239. 


Ramsden,  6,  42,  48,  49, 

97  p.,  98,  100  p.,  114. 
Ranolde,    Renold,    116, 

118,  168  p.,  169  bis., 

170. 
Rather,  42. 
Raven,  166. 
Bawling,  118  bis.,  167. 
Rawson,    72    bis.,    108, 

115  p.,   116  p..    117, 

118  bis.,  166, 168, 171. 
Ray,  81. 
Reame,  111. 
Redman,  109,  111,  113, 

114  bis.,  115, 116, 168, 

170. 
Reresby,  73. 
Reyner,  Rayner,  Rainer, 

26  bis.,  27,  29,  47  bis. 
Rhodes,  26,  187  p. 
Rich,  45,  46  p. 
Richardson,  28,   37,  38 

bis.,  81,  124,  138. 
Ridgnal,  118. 
Ridiall,    118,    167    bis., 

168  bis.,  169,  170  bis. 
Rikysbere,  93. 
Ripon  Bp.,  96. 
Rish worth,   43,  44  bis., 

166. 
Ritson,  104. 
Roades,  113. 
Robart,  14  Mb. 
Roberts,  39  bis.,  81, 109, 

110,113,114  bis,  115 

p.,  116,  117,  169,  236. 
Robertson,  177. 
Robinson,  5,  17,  20  p., 

30,31,  32,  41, 112  bis., 

113  bis.,  115, 161  bis., 

163  p.,  164,  168  bis. 
Robson,  40,  138  Mb. 
Rockingham,  21. 
Rodwell,  108,  110,  111. 
Roeley,  88. 
Roger,  109,  110,  111  p., 

115. 
Rogers,  39. 
Rokeby,  28. 
Roods,  169. 
Rooks,  180,  181  bis. 
Rooks,  87. 
Root,  176  bis. 
Roper,  173,  212. 
Rose,  39. 
Rotherham,  125. 
Royes,  Royds,  112,  113, 

171. 
Rumsey,  183  bis. 


Rushworth,  213. 

Raskin,  1. 

Russell,  179  p.,  180, 182. 

Rastbie,  109. 

Rutland,  5, 

Ryan,  40. 

Ryche,  93. 

Rycroft,  46  Ms. 

Ryther,  177,  184. 

St.  Asaph,  Bp.,  199. 
St.  George,  80. 
8t.  John,  of  Beverley,  7. 
Salt,  96,  224  p.,  226  p. 
Saltershall,  87. 
Saltonstall,  68  p. 
Samson,  236. 
Sandall,  29,  90  bis. 
Sanderson,  45,  173. 
Sandford,  200. 
Sandson,  168. 
Saunder,  168. 
Savile,  5,  48,  76,  79,  97 

p.,  100,  160,  190,  202, 

203,  206,  219  Ms. 
Scatcherd,  38,  79  p. 
Scales,  125. 
Schliemann,  59. 
Scholaye,  109,  110  bis.. 

Ill  p.,  114  bis.,  115, 

116,  117  bis.,  167, 168, 

170  bis. 
Scholayn,  167. 
Scholefteld,  39. 
Scorer,  172. 
Scott,  44,   125  p.,    126 

Ms.,  127  p.,  129,  215. 
Screvyn,  85. 
Scroope,  Scrope,  91,  212. 
Scruton,  96. 
Scryvyner,  169  bis. 
Seaton,  138. 
Sedgwick,  37. 
Sedman,  228. 
Seebohn,  68. 
Segar,  181. 
Senhouse,  138. 
Senior,  87,  88  p.,  188, 

195,  204. 
Seyvill,  85  bis.,  89. 
Shackleton,  29,  40. 
Shaftsbury,  179. 
Sharp,  24  p.,  29  bis.,  40, 

44. 
Shaw,  40,  47,  72  bis.,  79 

p.,  81,  117,  167,  168 

Ms.,  171. 172,  188. 
8haye,  167. 
Sheard,  190,195,201,209 


INDEX    N0M1NUM. 


247 


Shepherd,  115, 199. 
Shepley,  191,  209. 
Shildon,  48. 

Shillito,   111  bis.,   114, 
115, 116, 117, 167  bis., 
171, 172  bis. 
Short,  29. 
Shaft,  26,  182. 
Sigston,  50,  51. 
Sill.  52. 

Simson,  Simpson,  109 
bis.,  110  p..  Ill  bis, 
112, 113  bis.,  167, 168, 
169  p.,  170,  171,  172, 
239. 
Slack,  73. 
Slater,   Sclater,    28,   94 

bis.,  239  p. 
Slingsby,  5. 
Smallwood,  177. 
Smith,  9  bis.,  10  p.,  11 
p.,  12  p.,  13  p.,  14  p., 
16  p.,  17,  28,  39,  51, 
87,  96,  110,  121,  166, 
167,    168,    175,    176, 
177, 178, 179, 180  bis  , 
184, 190,  236. 
Smithies,  224. 
Bmithson,  74, 173. 
Smythe,  81,    118,    169, 
171  bis.,  172  bis.,  173. 
Snawden,  50. 
Soetzler,  67. 
Somerscales,  118. 
Bonthcoat,  41. 
Sonthwood,  Sawood,  99 

bis. 
Spangenberg,  67. 
8parke,  98  bis.,  99  bis. 
Speight,  32. 
Spencer,  116, 118. 
Spode,  122. 
8tagge,  116,  172. 
Btancliffe,  190. 
Stanhope,  48  p.,  228. 
Stansfeld,  42,  86. 
SUpleton,  191. 
Stapyltoc,  5. 
Steade,  112. 
Stephenson,  138. 
Sterne,  63. 
Stevens,  84. 
Btileman,  27. 
8tiUinge,109p.,110bis., 
Ill,    112,    113,    114, 
168, 171  bis. 
Stock*,  43. 
Stones.  82,  99. 
Btopforth,  176,  178. 


Stopler,  164. 
Stormont,  5. 
Strange,  78. 
Strangways,  96. 
Strawbenzee,  41. 
Streaker,  238  bis. 
Stretton,  129. 
Stringer,  48,  74  bis. 
Stuart,  166. 
Stnbbs,  52,  88. 
Staynton,  85  p.,  103, 105. 
Sogden,  116  p. 
Sunderland,    68  p.,   69, 

81,  169. 
Surrey,  83. 
Sutcliffe,  239. 
Swaine,  29,  96. 
Swallow,  167,  168. 
Swift,  46  bis.,  195. 
Swinbunke,  51. 
Sykes,22p.,75bis.,162, 

163,  190,  192. 

Taptou,  113. 

Tarlton,  85. 

Tasbnrgh,  100. 

Tattershnll,  87. 

Taylor,  Tayler,  Tailior, 
10  bis  ,  11  bis.,  14  p., 
15, 31,  44.  79, 125, 169 
170  bis.,  172,  180. 

Terry,  39. 

Tester,  78. 

Thacker,  115,  116  bis., 
117, 118, 168, 170, 171 

Thackrah,  29,  39,  167. 

Thirnbeck,  32  bis. 

Thomas,  209. 

Thomlinson,  81. 

Thompson,  Thomson.  20 
p.,  82  p.,  42,  53,  94, 
96  p.,  114,  163,  172, 
221. 

Thoresby,  51, 52,  53  bis., 
122. 

Thornbory,  1. 

Thornhill,  69. 

Thornton,  5, 20  p.,  239  p. 

Thorold,  165  p.,  222. 

Thorp,  45,  205. 

Thnrgarland,  187. 

Thwaytes,  215. 

Tillitson,  12. 

Tindall,  51 

Tiplinge.  109,  169. 

Todd,  196. 

Toeltschig.  66  bis.,  67. 

Toothill,  125. 

Topcliffe,  86. 


Toir,  86, 167. 

Townley,  74. 

Tradley,  184. 

Trnvis,  163. 

Treichard,  26, 179. 

Troos,  110. 

Trotter,  32. 

Troughton,  117. 

Turker,  170. 

Turner,  Tornar,  1, 9  bis., 
10, 14  p.,  15,  20  bis., 
21  p.,  31,  40,  51,  105, 
135,162,175,195,200, 
210,  211. 

Tnrton,  208. 

TweUall,  110  bis. 

Tyas,  87. 

Tyler,  88. 

Tyreinan,  52. 

Uffett,  177, 
Ulf,  222,  223,  230. 
Upperdale,  42. 
Usher,  1671 
Utley,  52. 

Vallibus,  220. 
Vavasor,  47. 
Venables,  161. 
Verelot,  161  p.,  162  p., 

163  bis..  164  p.,  166. 
Verity,  133. 
Vernon,  5. 
Vestris,  42. 
Vicars,  239. 
Victoria,  43. 
Vigmund,  227  bis. 
Vint,  127. 
Vulfhere,  227. 

Wade,  13,  28,  48,  197, 
221. 

Wadsworth,  124,  125, 
236  p.,  237  p  ,  238. 

Wardsworth,  216. 

Wager,  168. 

Wailes,  44. 

Wainwright,  24,  40,  54 
bis.,  55  bis.,  219. 

Wakefield,  27. 

Walbank,  76. 

Wales,  177,  180. 

Walker,  32  p.,  71  p.,  72, 
94  bis.,  96  p.,  109  bis., 
110  bis..  113  bis.,  114 
p,  115  bis.,  116  p.,  117 
bis.,  118,127,138,169 

Walkingham,  218  bis. 

Wall,  120. 


248 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


Walpole,  52  bis.,  54. 
Warbnrton,  55  bis. 
Ward,  31,38,70,72,116 

168,  170  big.,  172. 
Waringe,  166,  168. 
Warren,  83,  223. 
Warton,  173. 
Waterton,  74. 
Watkin,  111. 
Watson,  5,  68,  151  bis., 

154,  159  bis.,  167,  223 
Watteville,  67. 
Watts,  72  bis.,  168,  191. 
Waun,  169. 
Webber,  41. 
Wedgwood,  54,  121. 
Wells,  73. 
Wentworth,  19,  20  bis., 

21.  41,  78  p.,  215. 
Wesley,  66. 
Westbie,  Westabye,  113 

bis,. 
Wester-man,  44. 
Weston,  207. 
Wetherhead,    110   bis., 

Ill  p.,  113,  115,  116, 

118,  167. 
Whalleye,  115. 
Wharncliffe,  42. 
Wharton,  48,  188  bis. 
Wheatley,  189, 190  p. 
Wheeler,  200. 
Whit,  12,  13. 
Whitaker,  Whiticars,  79, 

83  bis.,  85,  103,  115, 

116, 117, 159, 166, 167, 


168,169,171,177,183, 
184,  186. 

White,  40,  76,  78,  110, 
113. 

Whitehead,  24,  169. 

Whitehurst,  176,  177. 

Whittingdale,  137. 

Widap,  16. 

Wilbye,  112. 

Wilcocke,  108,  199. 

Wilkinson,  6,  26,  109, 
169  p.,  170  bis.,  171 
bis.,  172  p.,  190,  236. 

Williams,  129. 

Williamson,  170,  171  p., 
172. 

Willinge,  203. 

Willis,  86,  90. 

Wills,  171  bis. 

Wilson,  22,  27,  29,  32 
bis.,  45,  51,  52  bis., 
112,116,117,118,167 
bis.,  169,  170  bis.,  172, 
173,  214,  220  p.,  221 
bis.,  223  bis. 

Winchester,  5. 

Winckley,  73  bis. 

Windebanke,  117. 

Windham,  213. 

Winn,  32. 

Wintringham,  81. 

Woderone,  90  bis. 

Wommersley,  192,  236. 

Wood,  42,  47,  114,  118, 
167,  172. 

Woodhouse,  26  bis. 


Woofenden,  27. 
Wooilin,  52. 
Woolner,  190  bis. 
Wordsworth,  45  p..  46, 

161  p.,  162  p.,  163  p., 

164  p.,  165  p.,  166  p., 

204,    236  p.,  237  p.. 

238  p. 
Wormald,  112  bis.,  169, 

170,  171. 
WormaU,  109  bis,  110  p, 

111  p,  113  p,  114  p, 

115, 116, 117  p. 
Wortley,  6. 
Wraith,  187  bis. 
Wray,  94. 
Wright,  47, 110,  111,  113 

Mb,  114, 117  bis,  171. 
Wrightson,  138. 
Wrigley,  99. 
Wnlnoth,  227. 
Wyndham,  58. 
Wyntworth,  222. 
Wyse,  169. 
Wyvill,  22  bis. 

Yarbnrgh,  28,  73. 

Yordas,  137. 

York,  Abp.,  76, 115, 118, 

201  bis.,  223. 
Yorke,  5,  186,  228. 
Young,  77. 

Zinzendorf,  67  bis.,  200. 
Zoust,  53. 


|nb*£  Eocorum. 

[Compiled  by  Mr.  G.  F.  Tudor  Sherwood,  88,  Museum  St., 
Oxford  Street,  W.] 


Abberforth,  144. 
Abbotside,  173, 174. 
Acaster,  144. 
Ackworth,  52,  108,  129, 

146,  166. 
Addingham,  149. 
Adlingflete,  146. 
Adwalton,  80. 
Adwyke,  149. 
Agbrigg,  75,  76, 142, 189 
Airedale,  127. 
Airton,  142. 
Akeroid  Lane,  209. 


Alcot,  72. 
Aldborongh,  6. 
Aldebnrgh,  148. 
Aldfleld,  147. 
Alersford,  192. 
Alford,  24. 
Alkley,  148. 
Allaneley,  143. 
Allerton,  142,  144,  145, 

178  p.,  179. 180. 
Allerton  Gledhow,  143. 
Allerton  Mauleverer,  5, 

147. 


Almondbury,  48,  75,  99. 

142,  145. 
Alne,  194. 
Alnwick  Castle,  61. 
Altofts.  142, 146. 
Alton,  148. 
Alum  Pot,  138. 
Alverthorpe,  39. 
Amonderness,  12. 
Ampelford,  223. 
Amthoyre,  148. 
Aneoates,  72. 
Anderness,  166. 


INDEX    LOCORUM. 


249 


ApperlftT  Bridge,  240  bis. 
Apperley  Lane,  240. 
Appleby,  6.  31. 
Appleion,  144,  194. 
Apyltreweke,  149. 
Ardsley,  78,  79  p.,  80  p., 

81  p..  82,  142,  146. 
Ardyslowe,  145. 
Arksey,  238. 
Armrne,  146. 
Arncliffe,  149,  194. 
Arthington,  144. 
Ashton,  148,  163. 
A&ke,  5. 

Askrigg,  174.  175. 
Askwyth,  147. 
Aston,  161,  162  p. 
Atheriawe,  147. 
Atherton,  47  bis. 
Atsham,  144. 
Atwick,   149,   157,   158, 

212  p. 
Attercliffe,  124. 
Aughton.  75.  162. 
Ansterfeild.  198. 
Auston,  146,  148. 
Awsthorpe,  148. 
Awstwyke,  150. 
Ajkton,  145. 
Ayre,  R.  240. 
Ayrton,  149. 

Backstone  Gill  Hole,  135 
Badenham,  17. 
Badsworth,  28,  146. 
Baildon,  64,  66,  68,  94, 

96,  143. 
Balaton,  118,  212  bis. 
Balance  Beck,  207  bid. 
Balmce  Wood.  210. 
Baldersly,  216. 
Ballye,  148. 
Bansted,  166  bis. 
Barghe,  147. 
Barkerend,  24. 
Barkeston,  87,  144. 
Barley,  144. 
Barmby,  148. 
Bannston,  i9. 
.  Barnbrogh,  148. 
Barnby-upon-Dunn,  74. 
Bamsley,  1.  26  bis.,  41, 

42,  64, 146,  189. 
Banland,  142. 
Barugh,  223  bis. 
Barwick,  12,  47  p.,  143. 
Baschebi.  223. 
Baiedale,  85. 
Baihame,  150. 


Bath,  60,  199. 

Batley,  17  bis.,  11,  27, 
37,  38,  48,  89  bis.,  100 
bis.,  142,  144. 

Battersea.  166. 

Bawtry,  52,  148. 

Baysfield,  162. 

Beall,  146. 

Bedal,  6,  29. 

Beezley  Falls,  135. 

Beiston,  142. 

Bell  Hill,  142. 

Benthame,  150. 

Benthon,  46. 

Bentley.  148,  212. 

Bergh,  89. 

Berrey,  47. 

Benton,  145. 

Bettain,  237. 

Beverley,  6  bis.,  53, 153, 
193. 

Bewick-upon-Tweed,  240 

Billingley,  215  bis. 

Bingley,  55,  152,  184. 

Birchwaye.  89. 

Birdoswald.  61. 

Birstall,  125,  202,  204. 

Blacker  Hall,  42. 

Blacwell  Hall,  19. 

Blake  Hall,  101, 191  p., 
206,  210. 

Blakehill,  200. 

Blakeiai  a,  83. 

Blakstou.  148. 

Bleak  Low  Lane,  83. 

Blea  Moor,  137. 

Boathonse,  191,  210. 

Bollinge.  112,  145. 

Holsterstone  Chapel,  194 

Boltby  Chapel,  194. 

Bolton.  142, 145, 149  bis. 

Bolton  Percy,  29. 

Boroughbridge.  5,  6. 

Boston  Spa,  72. 

Bournans,  196. 

Bousland,  145. 

Bow,  120. 

Bowling,  23. 

Bowton,  47. 

Bracken  Hall,  210. 

Bracken  Hall  Glen,  106. 

Brackenthwaite,  200. 

Bradfeld,  148. 

Bradford,  8  bis.,  9,  10, 
16, 24  p..  29, 42,  47  bis. 
48,68.77,80,142,153, 
176,  181,  189  bis.,  213 
bis.,  224,225,  226  bis., 
230,  239  bis.,  240. 


Bradforth,  13,  23,  145, 

150. 
Bradforthdale,  12. 
Bradley,  149. 
Bradley  Hall,  151,  160. 
Bradley  Wood,  49. 
Bradsburton  Cross,  166. 
Bradsworth,  149. 
Braithwell,  218  p. 
Bramcroft,  146. 
Bramham,  144  bis.,  199. 
Bramham  Park,  5,  20. 
Bramley,  142,  145,  148. 
Bramton,  148  p. 
Bramwyth,  146. 
Braswell,  149. 
Brawby,  223. 
Brawell,  148. 
Brearley,  146. 
Brearton,  148. 
Brememium,  61. 
Bretton  Hall,  1,  191  bis. 
Breton.  144,  145. 
Brier  Knowles,  210. 
Briery  Bank,  fclO/211. 
Brig  Flat,  30,  31. 
Brighouse,  74,  160,  225. 
Bristol,  45,  120, 132. 
Brockwell,  72. 
Brode  Ynge,  92. 
Brook  House,  214  bis. 
Broomhead,  214,  220  p., 

223. 
Brotherton,  144  bis.,  214 

bis. 
Bronghton,  146,  149. 
Bruges,  186. 
Brussels,  186. 
Buerley,  18. 
Bulden,  150. 
Bu'lhouse,  40  p ,  46  p., 

47. 
Buhner,  167. 
Bungay,  192. 
Burgwallis,  49,  146  bis. 
Burgbrigge,  148. 
Burley,  144. 
Burlington  Key,  47. 
Burne,  144. 
Burnsall,  27  bis.,  149. 
Burstall,  28. 
Burton,   144,   145,   148, 

150. 
Burton  Constable,  154  bis 
Burton  Agnes,  29. 
Burton  Grange,  163, 164, 

165. 
Burton-lane-head,  45. 
Butterington,  114. 


250 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


Byachworth,  146. 
Byerley,  144. 
Byland,  85. 
Byllome,  148. 
Byngeley,  144. 
Byram,  6,  144. 
Byrkyii,  144. 

Cadebie,  148. 

Calder,  R..  43,  152,  197, 

201. 
Calfe  Crofte,  92. 
Calton,  149. 
Calverley,  78,  142,  144, 

195. 
Calverts  Clough,  210. 
Cambodunum,  152,  159. 
Cambridge,  17  bis. 
Campsall,  14C,  208. 
Cams-gill,  31. 
Cantley,  148. 
Carhousc,  148. 
Carlcoats,  214  bis. 
Carlisle,  197. 
Carleton,   76,  143,  114, 

146,  149,  214  p.,  240. 
CaBtilfelde,  92. 
Castlefurth,  146. 
Castle  Hall.  205, 206, 208 
Castley,  147. 
Cattal,  5. 
Cawode,  144. 
Cawthome,  76,  147. 
Chadderton,  70,  71,  72. 
Chadwick  Wood,  210. 
Chalons,  84. 
Chamber,  73. 
Chancery  Lane,  164. 
Chapel-le-Dale,  135. 
Chapel  Wells,  86  bis. 
Charter  He  use,  163. 
Chelsea,  120. 
Cherry  Burton,  29. 
Chester,  45, 132, 199, 240 
Chette,  146. 
Church  Lane,  209. 
Cindcrhill,  210. 
Citeaux  or  Cisteaux,  84 

bis. 
Clapdale  Beck,  137. 
Clapham,  137,  150. 
Claro,  147. 
Clayborne,  192. 
Clayhouse,  49,  74. 
Clayton,  89,145. 146, 148 
Cleckheaton,  142,  144. 
Clent,  193. 
Clifford,  144. 
Clifton,  51,  83,  88,  97 


bis.,  100  bia.,  142,145. 
Clifton  Flat,  92. 
Clitheroe,  6. 
Clothorme,  147. 
Cloughbank,  10. 
Clyent,  147. 
Colchester,  61,  62,  200. 
Coley,  70,  152,  194  bis., 

234. 
Collinge,  149. 
Collingham,  144. 
Collyston,  144. 
Colne,  R.,  83. 
Colthorpe,  147. 
Conington,  160. 
Coni6borough,   148,  213 

bis.,  214  bis. 
Constantinople,  199. 
ConyBton,  149  bis. 
Cote  Flat.  92. 
Cote  Wall.  191. 
Cotham,  223. 
Cotingham,  214  bis. 
Coulton,  223. 
Cowe-forde,  92,  189. 
Co  wick,  5. 
Crakeowe,  149. 
Craven,  197. 
Credlinge,  146. 
CreKjlston,  142,  145. 
Crofton  93,  324. 
Cros*  Greon  Lane,  209. 
Cross  i'th  'Dean,  152. 
Crossland.  152, 145, 152. 
Cross-leigh.  152. 
Crossley,  209  bis. 
Cross-stone,  152. 
Croston,  142,  145. 
Crow  Mount,  206. 
Crow  Nest,  71,  72,  226. 
Crow  Wood,  210. 
Crynglington,  150. 
Cuckoo  Hill,  210. 
Cuckwold,  215  bis. 
Cudworth,  26. 
Cnllingworth,  87,  93. 
Cumberworth,  142,  145, 

204. 

Dalc-bech,  135  bis. 
Dale  Graingo,  174. 
Dull  Lane,  209. 
Dalton,142,145,219bis. 
Danbye  Grange,  93. 
Danegate,  215  bis. 
Danish  Mount,  205. 
Dartield,  29,  148,  236. 
Dariogton.  146. 
Darton,  64,  93. 


Daventry,  47, 125. 
Dawgreen,  196. 
Dean  Chapel,  194. 
Deanhead    Chapel,   194 

bis.,  195. 
Dearham,  60. 
Delft.  70. 

Deuby,  98,  99, 146, 149. 
Dent,  32,  150. 
Denston,  234. 
Denton,  147  bis. 
Derby,  120. 
Derton,  89. 
Derwent  Edge,  45. 
Dewsbory,    27,   39,  42, 

142.  145,  187.  188  p.. 

195, 196  bis.,  197, 2UO, 

202,  203  bis. 
Dowyard  La.,  209. 
Diusdale,  53. 
Dirtcar,  43. 
Dishforth,  216,  217. 
Diss,  47. 
Doddington,  6. 
Dodworth,  146. 
Doe,  R.,  136,  137. 
Don,  R..  45  bis. 
Doncaster,    26,  62.  75, 

82,  148,  194,  215  bis. 
Dorking,  165. 
Douk  Cave,  137. 
Dowkers,  99. 
Downton,  6. 
Dranwell,  31. 
Drax,  144. 

Drighlingtont29, 142, 145 
Droughton,  149. 
Drypool  Church,  195. 
Dunbottle,  209. 
Duncombo  Pk.,  6. 
Dunford  Bridge,  45. 
Dun  Keswyke,  147. 
Dunster  Court,  164. 
Duntford,  147. 
Durham,  53. 
Dusthorpe,  124. 

Ealand,  49,  50,  74,  200. 
Earlsheaton,  26, 75, 133. 
Easegill  Force,  135  bis.  I 
Eastbridleigh,  192,  193, 

194. 
Eastcliff  Bank.  210. 
East  Coltingwith.  194. 
Easthorpe,  189,  207, 210 

bis. 
East  Horsley.  5. 
East  Smiihfield,  192. 
East  Oxe  Pasture.  92. 


INDEX    LOCORUM. 


251 


Eaton,  72. 
Ecclesall,  142,  194. 
Ecdesfield,  26,  73, 148. 
EccleshiU,  49,  145,  239, 

240  p. 
Edgoott,  162. 
Edghill,  48. 
Edinburgh,  7. 
Edlington,  148. 
Edworth,  146. 
ERburgh,  146. 
Eland,  142,  144. 
Elletrye  Flat,  92. 
Elmsall,  215. 
Elreton,  85. 
Emley,  145. 
Emsey,  142, 149,  193. 
Erinden,  142. 
Erkcndale,  148. 
Esholt,  77,  85,  239. 
Eskdale-aide,    228    bis., 

229,  230. 
Esthtou,  149. 
Estkeswyke,  143. 
Esyngton,  149. 
EweU,  166  p. 
Exeleye,  97. 
Exeter,  39,  132. 
Eyton,  194. 

Fairfield,  68. 

Fairweather  Green,  152. 
Farebnrne,  144. 
Farnham,  5.  • 
Farnley,   41,    101,    142 

bis.,  145. 
Farseley,  145. 
Far  Bide  Moor,  207,  210. 
Fawlett,    Fawlethwaite, 

237  p..  238. 
Felbeck  MiU,  194. 
Fenton,  48, 144. 
Femhill,  149. 
Fernley,  145,  147. 
Fernnam,  148. 
Ferrybridge,  6. 
Fetberston,  146. 
Fewston,  25,  26,  235. 
Fieldbead,  125,  209. 
Fieldhoose,  239. 
Filey,  41. 
Findern,  125. 
Firbank,  31. 
Firbeck,  75. 
Fixby,  69, 151. 
Flanders,  207. 
Flanahaw,  39. 
PUpley,  147. 
Rub  House,  210. 


Flaxbye,  149. 
Flaxton,  223. 
Flekesby,  145. 
Flintshire,  6. 
Flockton,  142,  145. 
Fokerbye,  146. 
Fold  Head,  210. 
Folly  foot,  25,  147, 194, 

235. 
Forbrigge  Flat,  92. 
Fors  Abbey,  173. 
Forsdale,  174. 
Fountains,  85,  97,  104. 
Foxroyd,  209. 
Frewell,  92. 
Frickley,  148. 
Fryston,  144,  146. 
Fulneck,  65,  66,  67,  68, 

119, 120,  123. 
Fylingdales  Cb.,  194, 195 
Fysbelake,  148. 

Gallows  Moss,  45. 
Gaping  GUI  Hole,  137. 
Garfartbe,  144. 
Gargrave,  149. 
Gatefurth,  144. 
Gatebill,  144. 
Gatekirk  Cave,  137. 
Gawthorpe  Hall,  5. 
Gaynes  Hall,  5. 
Ghent,  186. 
Gibhole,  209. 
Gilling,  29. 
Gill  Lane,  209. 
Gingle  Pot,  135. 
Gingling  Cave,  137. 
Gisburne  Park,  6. 
Glasgow,  70. 
Gloucester,  41. 
Glysburne,  149. 
God's  bridge,  135. 
GoldhaU,  146. 
Goldsbnrgbe,  147. 
Gomersal,   66,   68,  142, 

145. 
Gowthorp,  147,  215  bis. 
Grace  Hall,  67. 
Grainge,  174,  189. 
Grantley,  147. 
Grassington,  173. 
Great  Tonrne,  220. 
Greenhead,  190. 
Greenside,  209. 
Greetham,  234. 
Greetland,  49,  159  bis. 
Gregory  Spring,  210. 
Grenehamton,  147. 
Gresbrooke,  149. 


Greta,  B.,  135  bis. 
Grisedale,  32. 
Grindleton  Chapel,  194. 
Grimston,  144. 
Gnnthwaite,  146. 216  bis. 
Gygleswyke,  149. 
Gyreington,  149. 
Gysburne,  149. 
Gyseley,  143. 

Haddockstones,  74. 

Haddyl,  144. 

Hadesley,  144  bis. 

Hagg,  196,  210  bis. 

Haigh  Pk..  42. 

Halgton,  89. 

Halifax,  10,  12  bis.,  13, 
24  bis.,  27,  29,  43,  46, 
48,  49,  50,  68,  70,  73, 
74,  127,  143, 145, 152, 
158,  161, 198,  206,  216 
bis.,  235,  236,  240. 

Hallcroft,  87. 

Halsome-moore,  47. 

Halton,  148,  149  bis. 

Hamelton,  144. 

HameBworth,  148. 

Hampole,  85. 

Hampthwaste  Ch.,  195 
bis. 

Hampton,  107,  149. 

Handsworth,  220. 

Hanercrofte,  147. 

Hanging  Banks.  162. 

Harden,  152. 

Hardenbeck,  180. 

Hardrow  Soar,  174. 

Hardwicke,  162  bis. 

Harewood,  43, 144. 

Harrigate,  28. 

Hartcliff,  45. 

Harthill,  148. 

Hartsbead,  27, 82, 83  bis. 
89,  93,  100  bis.,  142, 
145,  152,  202. 

Haslewood,  144. 

Hatefeld,  148. 

Hathweyte,  87. 

Hathermire,  133. 

Haw  Bank,  210. 

Hawdonbye,  146. 

Hawes,  135,  175. 

Hawkeswyke,  149. 

Hawksworth,  143. 

Hawnlytbe,  149. 

Haworth,  10,  12,  13, 15, 
142,  144,  194. 

Hayke,  99. 

Hazlehead,  45. 


252 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


Healey,  236. 
Heath,  224. 
Heaton,  29,  142. 
Hebden,  149. 
Hecke,  146. 
Heckmondwike,  29,   49, 

68.  93,  94,  99,  125  p, 

126,  127, 143, 145, 191 
Hcdensley,  83,  87. 
Hedingley.  144. 
Hedon,  5,  153,  154,  234. 
Heghome,  89. 
Heirthlington,  149. 
Hellifield,  49,  149. 
Helliwell,  158. 
Hemingborough,  194. 
Hemsworth,  43. 
Hensall,  146. 
Heptonstail,  76,  143. 
Hepworth  Wood,  210. 
Hereden,  87. 
Hermutb,  200. 
Hessye,  144. 
Heton,  88,  94,  148, 149. 
Hewick,   144,   147,   216 

bis,  217. 
He j ton,  145  bis. 
Higham  Ferrers,  6. 
High  Lane,  209. 
High  Stubbinge,  92. 
Hiph  Sunderland,  68, 70, 

71. 
Hillome,  144. 
Hipperholme,  50,  75, 143 

145,  239  bis. 
Hivelton,  192. 
Holbeck,  50,  74. 
Holland,  146,  148. 
Hollin  Hall,  210. 
Holmefirth,  143,  145. 
Holy  Well,  158,  164. 
Hoola,  237. 
Hopton,  189  bis,  191  bis, 

195  bis,  205  bis,  207, 

210  p,  211  p,  213  bis. 
Hopwood,  72. 
Horbury,  24,  39,  42,  44, 

142,  145. 
Hornsea,  155  p. 
Horsford,  143. 
Horsham,  6. 
Horton,  24,  29, 125, 143, 

145,  149, 150. 
Hoton.  18,  149. 
Honndhill,  70. 
Howke,  146. 
Howley.  76,  81, 143, 145. 
Hoyland,  236. 
Hoylandswaine,    237   p, 


238. 
Hoy  ton  Pannell,  148. 
Huddle  Cross,  158. 
Huddersfield,  41,  49,  76, 

93,  97,  99,  100,  143, 

145,  152  bis,  197  Mb. 
Hudleston,  144. 
Hnkrode,  92. 
Hall,  44,  129,  163,  181 

bis. 
Hull  Pot,  138. 
Hulton,  17  bis. 
Hnnburton,  148. 
Handyshelfe,  146. 
Hnnger  Hill,  210. 
Hunnesworth,  142,  145. 
Hnnshelf,  216  bis. 
Hansinghome,  147. 
Hunslet.    73,    121,   143, 

145,  224,  226. 
Huntington,  18. 
Hunt  Pot,  138. 
Huret,  144. 
Hurtle  Pot,  135. 
Hutton  Conyers,  216  p, 

217. 
Hygheholland,  146. 
Hyghemelton.  149. 
Hykylton,  148. 
Hvmsworth,  146. 
Hyndeley,  147. 

Idel,  15,  29,  127,  148, 
145,  239  p,  240  p. 

Ilkley,  144. 

Illingworth,  46. 

Ingleborough,  135,  187 
bis. 

Ingleton,  134,  185,  137 
bis,  150. 

Ingmanthorpe,  193  bis. 

Ingoldemeales,  234. 

Ingraththorpe,  147. 

Inner  Temple,  212. 

Jenkin  Beck,  135. 
Jervaulx,  85,  178. 
Jordan  Roid,  210. 

Kelder,  R.,  83. 
Keldon,  85. 
Kellyngton,  146. 
Kensing  Ch..  63. 
Kendal,  77,  125. 
Kepaxe,  148. 
Kettering.  40. 
Kettlewell,  149,  195. 
Kezburgh,  89,  93, 146. 
Keyingham,  158,  155. 


Kighley,  10,  13,  15,  27, 
149,  234. 

Killington.  32  bis. 

Kilnsey,  25,  154  p. 

Kimlane,  209. 

Kingley  Ch.,  194. 

King's  Cross,  152. 

Kingsdale  Beck,  137. 

Kings  Manor  House,  1S8 

Kingston -upon -Hull,  5, 
47, 163  p,  193, 227  bis. 

Kippax,  39,  73. 

Kipping,  128,175  p,  176  p, 
177  p,  178  p,  179  p,  180 
p,  181  p,  182  p,  183  p, 
184  p,  185  p,  186  p. 

Kirby  Lonsdale,  32. 

Kirby  Misperton,  29. 

Kirby  Moorside,  16. 

Kirby  Overblow.  25. 

Kirk  Burton,  76, 142. 

Kirkby,  144, 147,  204. 

Kirkheaton,  97, 124, 142, 
199,  202,  211. 

Kirkleatham,  20. 

Kirklees,  82,  83,  84,  85 
bis,  86,  87,  90,  91,  93, 
97,  98  p,  100, 151, 196, 
198,  201,  203  bis,  204 
bis,  205,  206. 

Kirkstall,  68,  85. 

Kirkthorpe,  39,  40. 

Knapton,  144. 

Knaresborough,  5, 27, 74 
78,  147,  148,  283  p. 

Knightsbridge,  163. 

Knottyngley,  146. 

Knowl,  205,  210  p. 

Krymsfurth,  148. 

Kuthales,  83. 

Kuthelagam,  83. 

Kyldwyke,  149. 

Kyllinghall,  147. 

Kymberworth,  148. 

Kyndall,  147. 

Kyrbye,  147. 

Kyrbye  Cattail,  148. 

Kyrkbie,  147,  149. 

Kyrkefaenton,  146. 

Kyrkhamton,  147. 

Kyrk  Sandall,  148. 

Kytton,  149. 

Lamlyffe,  149. 
Lambs  Hill,  67. 
Langefeld,  143, 145. 
Langhton,  149. 
Langsett,  146,  214. 
Langtoft,  223. 


INDEX    LOCORUM. 


258 


Langthwate,  148. 

Langwath,  217  bis. 

Lardonary,  215. 

Laughton,  75, 149. 

Laweton,  77. 

Leapool,  47. 

Ledgard  Bridge,  187  bis, 
188,  169,  190. 

Ledgard  Mill,  190,  210. 

L*dsham,  144. 

Ledstone,  143, 199. 

Leeds,  18,  20,  23,  24  p, 
27  bis.  28, 29, 37, 40  p, 
42  p,  44,  48,  49  bis, 
53,  54,  74,  75,  76, 121, 
122  p,  144, 177  bis,  178 
bis,  197  Ms,  198,  199 
bis,  200,  210,  222,  238 
bis. 

Leegreen,  207,  209,  211. 

Lepton,  143, 145. 

Lester,  77. 

Letwell,  217  bis. 

Leven,  29, 156,  158. 

Levington,  218  bis. 

Lewknor,  63. 

Leyden,  178. 

Leythley.  147. 

Ltghtcliffe,  66,  226. 

Laey,  191,  210  p. 

Lincoln,  234. 

Linton,  27. 

Lisbon,  199. 

Lisle,  186. 

Little  Don,  R.,  45. 

Little  Hag,  210. 

Little  Horton,  68. 

Little  London,  196,  209. 

Littlemoor,  210. 

Liverpool,  199,  240. 

Liversedge,  83,  89  bis, 
93,  94,  98,  99,  143, 
145, 188. 

Lofthouse,  39,  76, 144. 

London,  7, 12, 45, 50, 53, 
66,  72,  132,  165,  166, 
182, 183,  185,  215. 

Lonkester,  11. 

Longley,  97, 100  bis. 

Long  Mareton,  17,  18. 

Long  Preston,  49. 

Long  Sntton,  234. 

Longwood  Chapel,  195. 

Londenden,  10. 

Loversall,  148. 

Low  Harrogate  Ch.,  195. 

Low  Mills,  191,  210. 

Low  Road,  210. 

Lowther  Hall,  200. 


Lnddenden,  194  p,  235. 
Lune  R.,  31,  135. 
Lyndley,  147. 
Lyon  Roode,  93. 
Lynton,  147,  149. 

Magna  Cattail,  147. 
Magna  Usbrirne,  148. 
Mallame,  149. 
Maltby,  75, 149. 
Malton,  6,  222. 
Manchester,  45,  71,  125 

bis,  152, 159, 199,  240. 
Mankynholes,  151. 
Man,  Ifle  of,  56. 
Manningham,    24,    143, 

145,  213. 
Manor  Ho.,  52,  53  bis, 

54  bis,  119. 
Mansfield,  177,  184  bis. 
Marebrigge  Flat,  92. 
Mark  Lane,  164. 
Marledoore,  92. 
Marre,  149. 
Marscoate,  96. 
Marsden,  49. 
Marsheden,  143. 
Marsheland,  146. 
Mareton,  16,  17,  18. 
Marton,  87. 
Matchcroft,  209  bis. 
Manltby  Ch.,  194. 
Meagill,  28. 
Meaux  or  Melsa,  85. 
Medhope,  149. 
Medleton,  147. 
Medley,  143,  145. 
Meklefeld,  144. 
Melmerby,  216. 
Melthaxn,  73, 143,  145. 
Menston,  143. 
Merkynton,  147. 
Merton,  144. 
Merton  Coll.,  63. 
Methley,  5,  219. 
Mexbrongh,  148, 212, 218 

bis,  221. 
Middleton,  32,  74,  123, 

143. 
Migeley,  143. 
Mile-end,  125. 
Mill-bridge,  126. 
Mill-house,  208. 
Milner  Field,  226. 
Milnfold,  189. 
Mincing  Lane,  164. 
Minorca,  199. 
Mirfield,  82  bis,  83  p,  84, 

86,  90,  91,  93,  94,  97, 


100,  101  bis,  143  144, 
187  p,  188,  189  bis, 
191  bis,  192, 195,  196 
p,  197  p,  198  p,  199  p, 
200  p,  201  p,  203  f>, 
204  p,  205  bis,  206, 
207  p,  208  p,  209,  211 
bis. 

Mixeuden,  177,  180. 

Mock  Beggar,  210. 

Molesme,  84. 

Monkton,  144.  147. 

Montier-la-Celle,  84. 

Moor  House,  40. 

Moorside,  209. 

Moor  Town,  199. 

Moravia,  66. 

Morkar,  74. 

Morlev,  75,  76  bis,  79, 
124,  142,  143,  145, 
224  bis. 

Morton,  144,  223. 

Moss  Farm,  96. 

Mostyn,  72. 

Mount  Sorril,  53. 

Mydleton,  145. 

Myghley,  145. 

Mynskyppe,  148. 

Mytton,  150, 

Nabstocks  Bank,  210. 
Naustrope,  74. 
Nawton,  223. 
Nesfeld,  147. 
Netherneld,  45. 
Nether  Hall,  79. 
Nether  Thong,  43. 
Netherton,  143. 
Nettlested,  78. 
Newall,  147. 
Newbiggin,  218  bis. 
Newbye,  147. 
Newcastle,  7,  200,  240. 
New  Close,  92. 
New  Hall,  191,  210,  211. 
New  Miller  Dam,  76. 
Newsoin,  143,  149. 
Newthorpe,  144. 
Newton,  149,  150. 
Newton  Kyme,  144. 
Newton  Wallys,  144. 
New  Wood,  93. 
Nickhouse,  209  bis. 
Nidderdale,  23. 
Norland,  50. 
Normanton,  143, 145. 
Northallerton,  5,  6,  107. 
Northampton,  40. 
Northbar,  209. 


-254 


YORKSHIRE  NOTES  AND  QUERIES. 


North  Birley,  143. 
Northcroft,  87. 
North  Crossland,  145. 
Northdighton,  147. 
North  Elmsall,  146. 
North  Frodingham,  155. 
Northgate,  40. 
North  Gynedale,  218  p. 
Northorpe,     187,     207, 

209  p. 
Northowram,  19,  47,  50, 

127,    143,    145,    177, 

184  bis,  185. 
Norton,  146,  193  big. 
Norwich,  132. 
Nostell,  97,  146. 
North  Stanley,  147. 
Nottingham,  48. 
Notton,  146. 
Novou,  15. 

Nun  Appleton,  22,  85. 
Nunbanke,  93. 
Nunbrook,  82,  83,   188, 

206,  210. 
Nunkeeling,  157, 158. 
Nnnmonkton,  20, 73, 147. 
Nunwood,  97. 
Nun  Wyk,  147. 
Nydd,  147. 

Oakham,  63. 
Ockbrook,  68. 
Okenshaw,  158. 
Oketon.  219  bis. 
Oliver  Car,  210. 
Onchan,  56,  60. 
Osgodcrosse,  146. 
Osmonderbye,  147. 
Ossett,  43,  75,  143, 145. 
Oswestry,  125. 
Otley/39, 143,  240. 
Otterburne,  149. 
Ouse-bridge  Hall,  21. 
Ousterfeld,  148, 
OuBtoh  Ch.,  198. 
Ovenden,  143,  145,  174. 
Overard,  186. 
Oxford,  17. 
Ox  Lane,  166. 
Oxspringe,  146,  219  bis. 
Oxthorpe,  148. 

Padeham,  11. 

Paper,  or  Papist   Hall, 

86  bis. 
Parkgate,  26. 
Pate  Lane,  209. 
Pathorn,  149. 
Pecca  Falls,  135. 


Pendle  Hill,  30. 

Penistone,  45,  46  p,  146, 
162,  164,  208,  214. 

Penny  Hedge,  230. 

Penrith,  205. 

Peterboro\  6. 

Petersfield,  166. 

Petrosslanus,  83. 

Pickworth,  178. 

Pimbledow,  72. 

Plompton,  147. 

Pockley,  223. 

Pollington,  74,  144,  146, 
219  bis. 

Pomfret,  146. 

Pontefract,  6  bis,  12,  24 
bis,  25  bis,  26,  27,  46, 
47,  48,  49,  54,  74,  75, 
76  bis,  90,  98,  133, 
146, 189  bis,  208,  218, 
215, 227, 233  p,  239  bis. 

Poole,  119,  148. 

Popleton,  144  bis. 

Postern  Gate,  163. 

Potternewton,  121,  143. 

Prague,  198. 

Preston,  12,  143,  146, 
149. 

Pudsey,  29,  143,  145, 
180,  285. 

Pygburne,  148. 

Quarmbv,  27, 143, 145. 
Quarry  Hole,  195. 
Queenborongh,  6. 
Quick,  143. 

Rainton,  216  bis. 
Ranfeld,  148. 
Rastriok,  143, 145, 152. 
Rathmel,  124  bis. 
Ratton  Row,  210. 
Ravenspurn  Gross,  153, 

154. 
Ravensthorpe  Lane,  209. 
Ravenwray,  135. 
Rawoliffe,  148. 
Rawden,  144,  240  p. 
Rawmarshe,  148. 
Rawthy,  R.,  29. 
Redbonrn,  5. 
Redear  Chapel,  195. 
Rednesse,  146  bis. 
Reinsley,  147. 
Remyngton,  149. 
Reyll,  146. 
Reylston,  149. 
Ribston,  197. 
Richmond  -  on  -  Thames, 


235. 
Richmond,  Yorks,  5. 
Rigton,  143. 
Ripley,  23, 147. 
Ripon,  5,   29,   147  his, 

216,  217,  219  bis. 
Ripponden,  196. 
Rise,  158. 
Rishforth,  143. 
Risingham  Station,  61. 
Rivaulx,  85. 
Road  End,  45. 
Roall.  146. 
Robert  Town,  2^9. 
Roche,  85,  97. 
Rochester.  199. 
Roclyffe,  146. 
Roebuck,  194. 
Roehead,  210. 
Roodes,  76. 
Rosington,  148. 
Rothemell,  149. 
Rotherham,  47,  75,  127, 

148,  162. 
Rothwell  Haigh,  40,  41, 

42,76,81,143,145,218. 
Roughbanks,  216. 
Row  Houses,  210. 
Rowley,  29. 
Rowting  Cave,  187. 
Royston,  140. 
Rufford,  202. 
Runswick,  193  p. 
Rushford  Farm,  94. 
Rygton,  147. 
Rykston,  147  Ms. 
Ryllyingley,  148. 
Ryshworth,  146. 
Ryther,  144. 

Saddleworth,  94  bis,  99. 
St.  Ann's  Chapel,  194  bis. 
St.  Ives  192. 
St.  John's  Chapel,  194. 
St.  Mary's  Abbey,  85. 
St.  Miohrcl  de  Tounerre, 

84. 
St.  Olave's,  Ch.,  193. 
St.  Philip's  Cross,  153. 
St.  Philip's  Well,  153. 
Sallay,  85,  147. 
Saltaire,  224  p,  225,226 

p,  289. 
Saltersbrook,  45. 
Salterton,  195. 
Salton,  223. 
Saltwood,  17. 
Sandall,    43,    143,  145, 

148. 


INDEX    LOCORUM. 


255 


f 


Sandford  Park,  17 

Sandsend,  153. 

Saxton,  144. 

Scaleber  Force,  133. 

Scarboro',  5,  6,  53,  138, 
227,  229. 

Scarcroft,  144. 

Scavrgbye,  149. 

Scladburne,  149. 

Scoles,  15,  93,  99  bis. 

Scothorpe,  149. 

Scrathayks.  99. 

Screfyn,  148. 

Scyrcotte,  144. 

Secroft,  143. 

Sedbergh,  29,  30,  31,  32. 

Sedgbige,  150. 

Selby,24bis,44,47,144. 

Selesden,  149. 

Settle,  133,  149. 

Settrragton,  29. 

Shadwell,  144. 

Shafton,  U6. 

Sharbore,  147. 

Shariesto*,  143, 145. 

Sheep  To/,  210. 

Sheffield,  8,  28,  29,  148, 
163,  lf5,  220  p. 

8helfe,fc,87,93,98,99, 
144. 

Shelley,  143,  145. 

Shepefeycarre,  99. 

ShepK,   U3,  145,  187, 
tfiris. 

Bhfeurne,  144. 

mien  Hall,  19  bis. 

ShUnk  La,  86,  209  p. 

%ley,    49,    105,   143, 
44,  225,  239. 

Slrclif ,  90. 

litlington,90,143,145. 

faewsbury,  125. 

huckden,  178  p,  179  bis, 

181  p,  182,  184. 
Sicklinghall,  25, 193. 
Silkstone,  236,  237. 
Sindall,  143. 
Sitiningthwait,  85. 
Skeffling,  156. 
Skellbrooke,  146. 
Skellowe,  146. 
tikelton,  147,  218. 
Skimlthorpe,  146. 
Skipton,  24,  25  p,  28  bis, 
48,  49,  52,  149. 

Skircote,  50,  143. 

Skybdcn,  149. 

Slaok,  152, 159  bis. 

Slaithwaite,  94,  143, 145 


Slate  quarries,  135. 
Sleeford,  178. 
Smallhaigh,  208. 
Smeaton  parva,  146. 
Snaith,  25.  146,  219. 
Snake  Hill,  188,  210. 
Snaynton,  228. 
Sneaton  Castle,  22. 
Snydall,  145. 
Softley,  221  bis. 
South  Dighton,  147. 
South  Elmesall,  146. 
Southfield,  127,  128. 
Southgate,  155. 
South  Kirkby,  73,  146. 
South  Mylefurth,  144. 
Southowram,  27, 50, 143, 

145. 
South  Stanley,  148. 
Sonthwark,  48,  239. 
Sowerby.   50,   143,  145, 

195,  199,  239. 
Soytyll,  145. 
Spennymoor,  118. 
Spofforth,  29, 147. 
Sprodburgh,  148. 
Stafford,  192. 
Stainborongh,    236    bis, 

237  p,  238  bis. 
Stainclif,  149. 
Staincrosse,  146. 
Stainland,  143,  145,  150, 

151. 
Stainley,  6,  145. 
Staintou,  125, 149. 
Stakford,  92. 
Stanbury,  9,10p,  11, 13, 

14  bis,  15  p. 
Stanhope,  29. 
Stanley,  41,  49. 143, 148 
Stansfeld,  52,  75, 143. 
Stapylton,  146. 
Statton,  144. 
Staynburne,  147. 
Staynfeld,  145. 
Staynfirth,  148,  149. 
Staynsall,  149. 
Steton,  149. 
8teynburghe,  146. 
Stockbridge,  238. 
Stokesley,  138. 
Stonegate,  121. 
Stonegrave,  223. 
Stonehouses,  99. 
Stoynfeld,  149. 
Strafford,  75  bis,  148, 221 
Strawberry  Hill,  54. 
Stubbes  hampoll,  148. 
Stubbes  Walden,  146. 


Stubbynge,  92. 
Studley,  5,  147. 
Stump  Gross,  152. 
Styrton,  149. 
Sutcliffe,  239. 
Suttell,  143. 
Sutton,   144,   148,    149, 

163.  209. 
Sutton  place,  207. 
Swillabottom,  135. 
Swillington  Ho.,  43,  143, 

199. 
Swindon,  149,  207  p. 
Swine,  85, 155  bis. 
8wine  pasture,  92. 
Swinfleet,  75. 
S  win  ton,    149,   215  bis, 

221  bis. 
Sylkstone,  146. 
Synclynghall,  147. 

Tadcaster,  47,  144,  194, 

199. 
Tankersley,  146,  236. 
Temple,  211. 
Thanet,  162. 
Thirsk,  6  bis,  192,  215, 

234. 
Thome,  73.  148. 
Thornell,  143. 
Thorner,  197. 
Thornhill,  29,  145,  191, 

200,  202. 
Thornnour,  143. 
Thornton,    6,    29,    128, 

143,  145, 147, 149, 160 

176,  182,  185,  194. 
Thornton  Force,  134, 137 
Thornwaite  Chapel,  235. 
Thorp  Arch,  72. 
Thorpawdleybye,  146. 
Thorpe,  28,  74,  79,  147. 
Thorpsalvyn,  148. 
Thorp  Stapleton,  144. 
Thorpsup'monte,  143. 
Thorpwillingbye,  144. 
Threaproyd,  210. 
Thrownstone,  148. 
Thryberg,  138. 
Thurguland,   .146,    236, 

237  p,  238  p. 
Thurlstone,  45,  147. 
ThurscroBse,  147. 
Thurstonland,  143, 145. 
Tickell,  75  bis,  148,  149, 

162, 213  bis,  233, 234  p. 
Tinmouth  Castle,  53. 
Tinsley,  221  bis. 
Tithe  Laithe,  210. 


256 


YORKSHIRE    NOTES    AND    QUERIES. 


Tockboles,  125. 
Toddwyke,  148. 
Tong,  28,  51,  143,  145. 
Topgrave,  147. 
Tore  R,  173. 
Towcrosse,  150. 
Towngate,  207,  209  bis. 
Towton,  144. 
Tresfeld,  149. 
Treton,  148,  220. 
Trougill  gorge,  137. 
Turnbridge  24  bis,  27. 
Tutbury,  213. 
Twickenham,  6. 
Twiselton  Soar,  135. 
Tymkill,  147  bis. 
Tynslowe,  149,  222  bis. 

Uglebarmby,  228. 
Ulf's  Lands,  222. 
Ulley,  148. 
Undercliffe,  127. 
Unshriven  Bridge,  216. 
Upperhall,  209. 
Upper  Wortley,  68. 
Upton,  146. 
Uakett,  146. 
UskUl,  144. 
Uskorne,  147. 

Victoria  Cave,  133. 

Waddington,  150,  234. 

Wadsley,  26,  223  p. 

Wadsworth,  143,  145, 
149,  161,  162,  163  p, 
164  p,  165. 

Wagestan,  83. 

Wakefield,  1,  11, 12  bis, 
13  bis,  24  p,  26  bis,  27, 
37,  39  p,  40  p.  41  p,  42 
p,  43  p,  44  p,  49  p,  50, 
61,  52,  70,  71,  72,  74 
p,  75  bis,  80  p,  98, 143, 
145, 162  bis,  163, 196, 
197  bis,  198, 199,  200, 
201  bis,  202,  206,  210, 
223  bis,  224,  228  bis, 
233  p,  234,  239,  240. 

Waicot,  5. 

Walkingtdn,  194. 

Walles,  148. 

Walton,  74,  83, 143, 145, 
152  bis. 

Warley,  50, 148, 145. 


Warmefeld,  143,  145. 
Warmsworth,  148  bis. 
Warren  House.  210. 
Warrington,  125,  126. 
Washburn  Place,  282  bis. 
Water  Hall,  45, 163, 164 

bis,  210. 
Waterloo,  235. 
Water  Royd  Lane,  209. 
Wath,  148  bis,  221. 
Wekeleye,  93. 
Wellhouse,  66,  68,  200, 

207,  209 
Wenning,  R.,  137. 
Wensley,  29. 
Wensleydale,    30,    173, 

175. 
Wentworth,  26, 148. 
Wentworth  House,  43. 
Westbretton,  89,  146. 
Westchestre,  78. 
West  Ella,  163. 
Westgate,  42,  96. 
Westhalton,  49. 
Westhaye,  89, 93, 97, 98, 

99. 
Westhonse,  137. 
West  Mills,  210. 
West  Oxe  Pasture,  92. 
Weston,  147. 
West  Strodes,  99. 
Westwike,  147. 
Wetecroft,  87. 
Wethercote,  135. 
Wetherby,    27,    28,  47, 

147. 
Whalley,  78, 152. 
Wharfe,  R.,  1. 
Wheat-hey,  148. 
Wheatley,  22,  176. 
Wheldall,  146. 
Whernside,  137. 
Whetlye,  146. 
Whiston,  25  bis,  148, 220 
Whitby,  153,  158,  228  p, 

229  bis,  230  bis. 
Whitecross,    156,    157, 

158. 
Whitehaven,  125. 
Whitgyfte,  146. 
Whitley,  94,    145,   191, 

206,  207  bis,  210. 
Whittington,  73. 
Whitwood,  143, 145. 
Whorlton,  230. 


Whyxley.  147. 

Wibsey  Chapel,  194  bis, 

285. 
WighiU,  191. 
Wigles worth,  49. 
Wigton,  144,  200. 
Wigtwisle,  220. 
Wike,  28,  49,  66,  68, 143 

bis,  144, 145. 
Willoughby,  47. 
Wimbleton,  223. 
Windy  Bank,  210. 
Winwick,  71. 
Wifitow,  144. 
Wodersley,  143. 
Wodesom,  143. 
Wolley.  89,  90, 146. 
Wombewell,  148. 
Woodchurch,  78,  79,  80. 
Woodhouse,  160. 
Woodkirk,  81.  195. 
Woodlane,  209. 
Woodlesford,  41,  76. 
Wooley  Park,  41. 
Worcester,  120. 
Wornesloy,  146. 
Wortley.  6,  53]  119, 143, 

146, 191.       \ 
Wospurne,  147  A 
Wrangbrooke,  1U6. 
WroseBank,  2] 
Wyokham,  85. 
Wyghton,  147. 
Wygylsworth,  149)i 
Wykerley,  145,  147, 148. 
Wyntercett,  147. 
Wytwell  Hall,  219.  I 

Yarme,  193. 

Yeadon,  143,  240  p. 

Yew  Tree,  135,  210. 

Yordas  Cave,  137. 

York,  5, 7, 11, 18  bis,  J 
22,  24  bis,  26  bis,  23 
29,  32.  33,  34,  35,  36\ 
37,  39  p,  41,  42,  43, 
46,  52,  53,  121,  122, 
132,  181  bis,  182, 184, 
186  p,  192. 193  p,  194 
p,  197,  198,  203,  212, 
218,  220,  227  p,  228, 
230,  231  bis,  232  p, 
234,  235. 


T.  Harriion,  Printer,  Bookbinder,  Ac.,  Queen  Street,  Bingiey. 


/IS  G*+sUo    (O-Jt-^j     CZZ^GL 


^Ut^^^f^4t/t 


Sulk-fait   Inurnal: 

With  Notes  Comical  and  Dialectic. 


THIRTY    ILLUSTRATIONS. 


Edited   by    J.    HORSFALL    TURNER, 
Idel,    Bradford. 


Vol.  I. 


$)rinteb  for  ilj*  ©Mtor 

By  T.  Harrison,  Queen  Street,  Bingley. 

1888. 


T'-V.:.-.  '     . 

63796 


\i 


Mother  Shipton  1,  81,  82. 

Witches — Hares,  Broom- 
sticks 2,  25,  98,  94,  209. 
Spiders     -         -         -  2, 22. 
Charms — Sore  Mouth    -       21. 
Potato       ...       48. 
Kincough  -         -         -     282. 
Selling  Warts        -         -  2, 21. 
Robin  Hood  Gravestone  2. 
Haunted  Houses,  2,  22,  88,  45, 
70,  286. 
Holy  Wells      8,120,191,194, 
196,  200. 
Children's  Games        8,  22,  45, 
46,  214. 
Prophet  Wroe    5,  6,  7, 17,  210. 
Anecdotes        8,  67,  69,  78,  91, 
99, 167,  215,  225. 
Popular  errors : 
Cromwells          -         -         9. 
Romans    -         -         -       73. 
Abbotside     -         -         -  9, 25. 
Hardrow  Scar  (Poem)   -       11. 
Poor  Man's  Bane             12,  78. 
Calder-vale  Dialect,  12,  22,  78, 
87, 109, 122. 
Burials  in  Woollen        -       17. 
"  Duck "  threat     -         -       21. 
Frxis  jingle  -         -         -       21. 
Arkengarthdale     -          22, 66. 
Fair  Imogene        -          22, 45. 
Ballads,   22,  23,  25,  42,  45,  46, 
99,  102,  117,  119,  146,  151, 
165, 170,  180,  183, 184,  186, 
187,  188,  204,  211,  229. 
Christmas  Customs,  25, 29, 210. 
York  Waits            -         -       27. 
Wassailing             -         28, 178. 
Devil's  Knell         -         -       29. 
Boiling  Ghost        -         -       88. 


Superstitions       48,  45,  88,  96, 
98,  229. 
G.  Daniel's  Poem  -       45. 

York  Minster  Screen  (North 

Riding  Dialect  -         -       49. 
Centenarians,    55,  57,  66, 188, 
186,  168,  192,  194,  280. 
Henry  Jenkins      -         57, 169. 
Strike  luck  66. 

Yorkshire  Charac^a,     67,  69, 

120,  122, 189, 167, 171, 174, 

207,  208,  222,  228,  225,  240. 
Paper  Hall  Ghost  -       70. 

Lope  Hoil  -       78. 

Births,  &c.  -  -  -  78. 
Darney's  Hymn    -  74. 

Wife  Sales  -  -  87, 189. 
Aerial  Phenomena  88,  92. 

Batley  Legend  -  -  89. 
Dewsbury  Legend  -       89. 

Tenure  Custom  -  -  91. 
Golden  Ball  Legend  -  94. 
Hull  Corporation  Arms  104. 
Cruel  Unkle  Legend  -  115. 
Palm  Sunday  -  -  120. 
Tibby  Tinkler  -  121, 166. 
Yorkshire  Bite  -  121, 166. 
Local  Preachers  -  122, 189. 
Peace  Egg,  F.axterFjm,  127,140. 
Yorkshire  Speyks,  181,217,225. 
Clothier's  Vain  Wife  -  186. 
Soothill  Legend  -  -  140. 
Yorkshire    PI  ace -Name 

Rhymes     -       141, 143,  144. 
Robin  Hood  -      146, 147. 

Whitby  FisherLad  Ballad,  151. 
Nursery  Rhymes  -  -  152. 
Sprotbro'  Hospitality  -  166. 
Ribston  Song  -  -  170. 
Hal  of  Kirklees      -         -     174. 


Contents — continued. 


Herbert  Knowles  - 

180 

PAGE. 

,182. 

Yorkshire  Wit  &  Humour 

PAGE 

225 

All  Fool's  Day      - 

- 

185. 

Delivering  a  Sod  - 

281 

Parkin 

- 

186. 

Runswick  Charm  - 

282. 

Whig  and  Tory     - 

189 

,190. 

Whitby  Legend     - 

234. 

Gabriel  Hounds    - 

- 

201. 

York  Castle  Custom 

284 

Hal  of  Bradford    - 

- 

207. 

Bradford  Waits     - 

284 

Pyrah  the  Prophet 

- 

208. 

Horn -blowing 

286. 

Semerwater  Legend 

46 

,211. 

Simeon  Rayner     - 

289 

Burial  Customs     - 

- 

212. 

Index  Nominum    - 

241. 

" Stand  a  York  drop' 

' 

214. 

Index  Locorum     - 

248. 

Mischief  Night 

215. 

Simeon  Rayner 
Boiling  Hall 
Hull  Arms 


PAGE. 

Frontispiece. 

-  89.. 

-  105. 


PAGE. 

Witches  -  -  2,88,209. 
Prophet  Wroe's  Birthplace,  17. 
Woollen  Burial  Certificate, 

18, 19. 
Boiling  Hall  -         -       39. 

44  Pity  Poor  Bradford"  -  41. 
A  Yorkshire  Post  -  -  67. 
Paper  Hall,  Bradford  -  71. 
Senior  the  Hermit  -     102. 

Hull  Seals  (6)        -         -     105. 


Cruel  Unkle 
John  Phillips,  gent. 
Bradford  Legend  - 
44  Prophet  Wroe  " 
Typical  Yorkshiremen,  22 
Runswick 
Whitby  Abbey       - 
Bradford  Waits     - 
Tasker  the  Grave-digger 
Bentley  the  Bellman     - 


PAGE" 

117. 
192. 
196. 
210. 
2,228. 
232. 
288. 
235. 
240. 
240. 


With  Notes  Comical  and  Dialectic. 


Fabricated  "  Ancient  Prediction.  (Entitled  by  popular  tra- 
dition— 'Mother  Shipton's  Prophecy,'  published  in  1448, 
republished  in  1641.) 

"  Carriages  without  horses  shall  go, 

And  accidents  fill  the  world  with  woe. 

Around  the  earth  thoughts  shall  fly 

In  ttie  twinkling  of  an  eye. 

The  world  upside  down  shall  be, 

And  gold  be  found  at  the  root  of  a  tree. 

Through  hills  men  shall  ride, 

And  no  horse  be  at  his  side. 

Under  water  men  shall  walk, 

Shall  ride,  shall  sleep,  shall  talk. 

In  the  air  men  shall  be  seen, 

In  white,  in  black,  in  green. 

Iron  in  the  water  shall  float, 

As  easy  as  a  wooden  boat. 

Gold  shall  be  found  and  shown 

In  a  land  that's  not  now  known. 

Fire  and  water  shall  wonders  do, 

England  shall  at  last  admit  a  foe. 

The  world  to  an  end  shall  come 

In  eighteen  hundred  and  eighty-one.,, 

This  alleged  "prediction"  has  been  published  in  several 
newspapers,  &c,  during  the  past  few  years,  and  having  very 
strong  doubts  regarding  its  authenticity  I  forwarded  a  cutting 
of  it  to  Notes  and  Queries,  with  the  enquiry  "  Where  was  it  first 
published,  and  is  it  considered  genuine  ?  "  It  appeared  in  (4th 
8.,  vol.  X.,  p.  450,  Dec.  7,  72,)  and  replies  appeared  at  page 
502;  and  vol.  XI.,  pp.  60  and  206,  from  the  Rev.  W.  W.  Skeat, 
Mr.  J.  C.  Cox,  Dr.  Rimbault,  and  Mr.  Wm.  Andrews.  The 
answers  were  to  the  effect  that  there  were  very  great  doubts 
regarding  its  authenticity,  and  that  the  date  1448  could  not  be 
correct,  as  the  accounts  of  "  The  Life  and  Prophecies  of  Mother 
Shipton,"  generally  say  that  she  died  in  1661,  aged  78,  so  that 
her  birth  would  be  about  1488.  However,  the  matter  was  com- 
pletely set  at  rest  by  the  following  note  by  the  editor  in  "  Notices 
to  Correspondents,"  at  page  855,  4th  S.,  vol.  XI.,  Notes  and 
Queiies: — 

Y.F.  B 


2 


YORKSHIRE    FOLKLORE. 


Mother  Shipton's  Prophecies. — Mr.  Charles  Hindley,  of 
Brighton,  in  a  letter  to  us,  has  made  a  clean  breast  of  haying 
fabricated  the  Prophecy  quoted  at  page  450  of  our  last  volume, 
with  some  ten  others  included  in  his  reprint  of  a  chap-book 
version,  published  in  1862."  Simeon  Bayneb. 

Witches  and  Broomsticks. — I  have  an  old  Mother  Shipton 
chap-book  bearing  on  the  title  page  a  woodcut  as  follows : — 


Can  any  reader  favour  me  with  the  origin  of  the  broomstick 
notion  ? 

Spiders. — The  other  day  I  knocked  a  spider  from  my  face, 
and  a  little  girl,  standing  by,  remarked,  "  You  are  going  to  have 
a  fortune." 

Selling  Warts. — My  little  boy's  hands  were  covered  with 
warts  a  few  months  ago,  and  a  bottle  I  got  from  the  doctor 
containing  some  liquid  to  rub  them,  seemed  to  be  ineffective  in 
removing  them.  A  neighbour  woman  seeing  the  disfigurements 
told  the  boy  to  go  to  her  house  and  sell  them.  She  paid  him  a 
half-penny," wrapped  in  paper,  and  told  him  to  place  it  carefully 
away  till  the  warts  disappeared.  In  a  month  his  hands  were 
clear,  and  the  coin  is  still  wrapped  up.  Ho  has  not  had  one 
since  September.  This  is  a  fact ;  whether  the  doctor's  lotion 
took  effect  afterwards  I  cannot  say.  Mary  Stead. 

Robin  Hood's  Gravestone. — Not  only  is  this  old  stone  sur- 
rounded by  high,  iron  railings,  but  the  top  has  been  also 
protected  by  iron  bars,  because  the  rustics  stole  into  the  grounds 
and  climbed  the  rails,  to  chip  a  little  off  the  stone  as  a  charm  for 
toothache.  J.H.T. 

Haunted  House. — Mayroid,  the  old  home  of  the  Cockrofts, 
at  Hebden  Bridge,  was  formerly  reported  to  be  haunted ;  and 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE.  S 

no  wonder  such  statements  should  arise,  if  all  that  Oliver  Hey- 
wood  and  others  tell  of  their  debauchery  is  true.  Persons  now 
living  have  heard  many  unaccountable  noises  in  the  roof,  but 
my  chief  object  in  writing  is  to  report  that  the  knockings  have 
ceased  since  we  bored  holes  in  the  under-drawing.  There  is  a 
fine  coat  of  arm's  over  the  side  door,  of  the  Gockroft  family, 
with  a  Cock  for  crest.  W.H. 

Holy  Wells. — A  descriptive  list  of  these  interesting  relics 
will  be  acceptable.  We  have  accounts  of  three  to  hand,  viz.: 
Alegar  Well,  near  Kirklees,  Holywell  at  Stainland,  and  Helliwell, 
in  Lightcliffe.  Ed. 

Ancient  Village  Sport. — In  the  XortJuimptonshire  Notes  and 
Queries  for  April,  188$,  is  a  Note  which  we  transcribe  as  it  cor- 
responds with  a  favourite  game  now  played  in  Shipley  district, 
under  the  name  of  A  Farmer's  Life.  My  daughter  has  given 
me  the  following  rendering,  retaining  the  bad  grammar : 

Oats,  and  beans,  and  barley  corn, 
You,  nor  I,  nor  any  one  knows, 
You,  nor  I,  nor  any  one  knows, 
Where  oats,  and  beans,  and  barley  grows. 

First  the  farmer  sows  his  seed, 
And  then  he  stands,  and  takes  his  ease, 
Stamps  his  foot,  and  clasps  his  hand, 
And  turns  him  round  to  view  the  land. 

Waiting  for  a  partner ;  waiting  for  a  partner, 

Open  the  ring,  and  take  one  in, 

And  piok  the  fairest  of  the  ring. 
Now  you're  married  you  must  obey, 
You  must  attend  to  all  I  say, 
You  must  be  kind,  you  must  be  good, 
And  help  your  wife  to  chop  the  wood. 

We  make  a  ring  by  joining  hands,  and  a  boy  goes  into  it,  and 
we  begin  to  sing.  At  the  proper  time,  he  picks  a  girl  he  likes 
the  best.  He  then  kisses  the  girl,  and  goes  out  whilst  she 
remains  in  and  picks  a  boy.  Ed. 

"Having  been  recently  invited  by  the  kind  Vicar  of  Eaunds, 
to  join  the  annual  Christmas  Entertainment  of  the  Eaunds 
Church  Choir,  I  noticed  that  a  very  favourite  pastime  of  the 
evening  was  one  which  I  shall  call  "  Choosing  Partners,"  and 
this  I  will  go  on  to  describe,  as  being  in  all  probability  a  sport 
which  has  come  down  by  tradition  from  very  remote  times,  and 
possibly  has  not  before  been  noticed  in  print.  The  game  is 
played  thus.  The  young  men  and  maidens  join  hands  indis- 
criminately, and  form  a  ring ;  within  the  ring  stand  a  lad  and 
bus ;  then  they  all  step  round  the  way  the  sun  goes,  to  a  plain 
tune  and  the  following  words : — 


4  YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 

"  Does  you,  or  I,  or  anie  one  knowe 
Where  oates  and  beanes  &  barlie  growe  f 

Where  oates  and  beanes  and  barlie  growe  ? 
The  farmer  comes  and  sowes  ye  seede. 
Then  he  standee  and  takes  hys  ease 
Stamps  hys  foote,  and  slappes  hys  hand 
And  turnes  hym  rounde  to  viewe  ye  lande." 

During  the  singing  of  the  two  last  lines  they  all  disjoin  hands, 
stop,  and  stamp  their  feet,  and  clap  their  hands,  and  turn  right 
round — all  in  time  and  tune ;  and  then  join  hands  again,  and 
proceed:— 

"  Waiting  for  a  partner 
Waiting  for  a  partner 
Open  the  ringe  and  take  mee  in 
Make  haste  and  choose  your  partner." 

The  two  in  the  middle  here  choose  each  of  them  a  partner  of 
the  opposite  sex  out  of  the  ring,  which  they  do  by  pointing  to 
the  one  chosen ;  then  they  continue  the  dance  round  to  the 
words  below,  the  two  pairs  of  partners  crossing  hands, — first 
right  and  then  left, — and  revolving  opposite  ways  alternately. 
The  march  round  is  temporarily  suspended  for  choosing  part- 
ners : — 

"  Now  you're  married  you  must  obey 
Must  bee  true  to  alle  you  saye 
Must  bee  kinde  and  verie  goode 
And  helpe  your  wyfe  to  choppe  ye  woode." 

The  partners  then  salute — or  rather  each  lad  kisses  his 
chosen  lass,  with  the  proper  amount  of  reluctance  on  her  part, 
and  the  first  two  partners  go  out ;  the  game  continues  as  before, 
being  repeated  ad  infinitum;  until  every  one  in  the  ring  has 
chosen,  and  been  chosen ;  and  consequently  every  lad  has 
saluted  every  lass,  which  is  lovely. 

The  antiquity  of  the  pastime  is  evidenced  by  its  not  mention- 
ing wheat;  wheat  was  in  remote  times  an  exceptional  crop. 
The  village  people  lived  on  oatmeal,  and  barley  bread,  and 
were  none  the  less  strong  and  happy  for  that. 

It  also,  possibly,  points  to  a  period  when  most  of  the  land 
lay  in  grass.  Portions  of  the  open  fields  were  cultivated  in 
turn,  and  after  a  few  years  of  merciless  cropping  were  laid  down 
again  to  recuperate. 

The  advent  of  a  young  bachelor  farmer  to  a  parish  would 
cause  a  flutter  among  the  girls ;  and  in  the  winter  time  when 
this  eligible  individual  had  nothing  to  do  but  walk  over  his 
land  and  slap  his  hands  to  keep  them  warm,  then  was  the  time 
to  choose  a  partner  to  grace  his  lonely  hearth  and  warm  his 
heart. 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE.  5 

One  good  joke  to  be  noticed  is  the  ignorance  calmly  professed 
by  each  maiden,  and  recognised  as  the  correct  thing,  as  to  the 
whereabouts  of  the  farm  in  question.  "  Do  yon  or  I  or  anyone 
know?'*  No,  of  coarse  we  don't  know,  who  ever  thought  we 
did? 

When,  at  length,  the  farmer's  heart  has  been  entangled,  and 
the  knot  securely  tied  by  the  good  Priest  of  St.  Peter's ;  then 
the  triumphant  Baunds  damsel,  in  secure  possession  of  the 
ring,  quite  forgetful  of  the  marriage  service,  proceeds  to  say  or 


"  Now  you're  married  you  must  obey,"  &c.  &c. 

"  Helping  to  chop  the  wood  "  recalls  the  time  when  coal  was 
not  known  as  fuel. 

There  are  many  other  local  village  pastimes  still  existing 
with  quaint  rhymes  attached  to  them,  which  ought  to  be  pre- 
served from  possible  extinction  by  being  recorded  in  "  N.N.  &  Q." 

Will  your  readers  say  whether  they  have  met  with  "  Choosing 
Partners,"  or  other  sports  of  a  like  kind  ? 

I  am  indebted  for  the  correct  words  of  the  above  to  a  Baunds 
maiden,  Miss  Bertha  Finding,  a  native  of  the  village,  who 
kindly  wrote  them  down  for  me.  Bob.  S.  Baker. 

Hargreave.     Hon.  Local  Sec.  of  the  Soc.  Antiquaries,  London. 

The  same  game  is  played  at  the  school  feast  at  Maxey ;  but 
the  words,  as  I  have  taken  them  down,  vary  from  those  given 
above.  We  have  no  mention  of  any  crop  except  barley,  which 
18  largely  grown  in  the  district ;  and  the  refrain,  repeated  after 
the  second  and  sixth  lines,  is 

"  Waiting  for  the  harvest." 

A  lady  suggested  to  me  that  the  two  first  lines  of  the  conclu- 
sion are  addressed  to  the  bride  of  the  game ;  and  the  two  last, 
which  in  our  version  run 

"You  must  be  kind  and  very  good," 
apply  to  the  happy  swain.  Ed.,  N.  N.  &  Q. 


Pbopbet  Wboe. — The  following  is  a  copy  of  a  placard  in  my 
possession  which  was  posted  in  this  neighbourhood  fifty  years 
ago,  and  will,  no  doubt,  be  interesting  to  your  readers ; — 

The  public  are  respectfully  informed 

that 

John  Wboe, 

will  be 

Publicly  Baptised 

in  the  Biver  Aire, 

near  Idle  Thorpe, 

At  half-past  one  o'clock 

on  Sunday,  the  29th  day  of  the  2nd  month,  1824, 


8  YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 

TAKE  NOTICE 
to  facilitate  said  parties  in  their  search  for  proof,  I  do  hereby 
agree  to  furnish  them  with  my  Public  writings  for  the  past  8 
years,  and  furthermore,  I  will  agree  to  be  examined  Mentally, 
before  any  number  of  Clergymen  of  the  Church  of  England,  or 
be  examined  Physically  by  any  number  of  Doctors,  or  Morally 
by  any  number  of  Lawyers. 
Given  under  my  Hand  this  25th  day  of  April,  1861,  in  Wakefield, 

DANIEL  MILTON. 

Copy  of  a  letter  from  Lawyer  Barratt,  to  the  parties  that  I  have 
hired  the  field  from  to  Lecture  in,  and  to  expose  a  most  Gigan- 
tic and  Outrageous  Swindling  Company  : 

"  I  do  hereby  give  you  and  each  of  you  Notice  that  every 
person  who  shall  knowingly  permit  or  suffer  any  congregation 
or  assembly  for  Beligious  Worship  of  Protestants  to  meet  in 
any  place  occupied  by  him  until  the  same  shall  have  been  certi- 
fied as  required  by  Law,  shall  forfeit  not  exceeding  Twenty 
Pounds.  You  are  therefore  hereby  required  to  take  Notice  that 
if  you  permit  any  person  or  persons  or  any  congregation  or 
assembly  to  meet  in  or  on  your  premises  on  Sunday  next,  or  at 
any  other  time  for  the  purpose  aforesaid,  proceedings  will  be 
taken  against  you  to  recover  the  said  forfeiture." 
Dated  this  Nineteenth  day  of  April,  1861. 

Yours  &c, 

B.  BABBATT, 
Attorney  at  Law,  Wakefield. 
To  Jane  Bamsden,  Thos.  Bamsden,  1 
and  each  of  them.  ) 

W.  B.  Hall,  Machine  Printer,  Free  Press  Office,  Wakefield. 

CW. 


Anecdotes. — In  the  early  days  of  Moravianism  in  Yorkshire, 
1742,  a  German  Preacher  was  sent  to  Gomersall,  bnt,  being 
overtaken  by  darkness,  managed  to  slide  down  one  of  the  top- 
shafts,  or  surface  coal  pits,  on  Hartshead  Moor,  where  he  was 
fortunately  discovered  next  morning  by  a  collier,  who  hearing 
a  call,  looked  down,  and  heard  the  marvellous  question,  "  Is 
this  the  way  to  Gomersall  ?  "  the  only  words  of  English  the 
foreigner  had  been  taught. 

A  Bradford  girl  of  tender  years,  hearing  the  Coffee  Tavern 
movement  highly  praised,  expressed  a  strong  desire  to  go  into 
a  Toffee  Cavern. 

The  Bev.  Canon  Hulbert  being  shewn  Tillotson's  Sermons, 
three  folio  volumes,  chained  to  the  Communion  Table  at  Lyd- 
gate  Unitarian  Chapel,  Holmfirth,  where  David  Clarkson's 
Works  had  formerly  kept  them  company,  expressed  his  earnest 


YOBKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE.  9 

desire  they  should  be  released  from  their  captivity  and  elevated 
to  the  Pulpit.    Well  done! 

Mr.  Slugg's  Woodhouse  Grove  School  records  an  instance  of 
juvenile  revolt.  A  boy  had  seen  the  porridge  ladle  in  the  «  swill* 
tab.  All  vowed  they  would  touch  no  more  porridge  until  they 
had  taught  the  governor  their  sense  of  indignation.  Most  of 
the  boys  refused  their  porridge  morning,  noon,  night ;  but  next 
morning,  when  they  should  have  joined  in  the  Lord's  Prayer, 
they  were  mute,  except  in  responding  to  one  sentence,  which 
they  thundered  out  with  more  indignation  than  devotion — 
"  Give  us  this  day  our  daily  bread." 

Cbomwells — Thomas  and  Oliver. — It  is  amazing  to  find  the 
amount  of  confusion  that  obtains  regarding  these  two  Gromwells. 
Thomas,  to  nine-tenths  of  the  people,  is  a  name  unknown,  and 
his  acts  are  added  to  those  of  the  more  recent  Oliver.  The 
latter  has  the  credit,  like  Robin  Hood  in  a  former  day,  of  all 
the  marvellous  feats  and  wicked  pranks  of  giants.  In  the 
popular  mind,  it  was  Oliver  that  planted  his  cannon  against 
Bolton,  Kirklees,  Kirkstall,  and  all  our  old  abbey  ruins,  and 
a  line  or  two  may  be  of  service  to  your  readers  in  calling 
attention  to  the  anachronism,  that  they  may  rectify  this  wide- 
spread notion.  Y. 

Notes  on  Township  of  High  Abbotside. — Libraries,  News- 
papers, Beading  Boom,  Booksellers, — nil.  Education  is  under 
control  of  3chool  Board.  New  Schools  (two),  one  at  Hardrow, 
one  at  Lunds  (Hell  Beck  Lunds).  Curate  was  formerly  school- 
master. The  Fawcetts  were  curates  and  schoolmasters  for 
three  generations.  The  Bev.  John  Fawoett,  the  last  curate- 
pedagogue,  is  said  to  have  been  the  author  of  many  poems,  the 
M8.  of  which  is,  I  believe,  in  the  hands  of  the  Bev.  Bichard 
Fawcett.  I  was  fortunate  enough  to  obtain  copies  of  two  of 
the  poems,  said  to  be  the  composition  of  the  above  reverend 

rtleman,  which  I  enclose.  The  poems  have  never,  so 
as  I  am  aware,  been  published  in  book  form,  although  I 
am  given  to  understand  such  a  thing  has  been  contemplated. 
The  Church  is  new,  having  been  opened  in  1880.  It  was  built 
by  the  Bt.  fionble.  the  Earl  of  Wharncliffe,  who  is  owner  of  by 
for  the  largest  portion  of  the  Township ;  the  villages  of  Hardrow, 
Sedbusk,  Shaw,  and  Cotterdale  being  almost  wholly  his 
property.  There  are  no  remarkable  epitaphs  in  the  Church 
Yard,  but  the  names  most  numerous  are  those  of  Stuart 
(formerly  one  of  the  principal  land-owners  of  the  distriot); 
Metcalfe  (whose  original  home  was  Bear  Park,  Aysgarth), 
Taylor,  Moore,  and  Johnson ;  the  latter  three  do  not  seem  to 
be  original  natives,  but  of  comparative  recent  importation. 
Bell,  Ineson,  and  Mason  are  also  very  common  names  in  the 


10  YORKSHIBE    FOLK-LORE. 

District.  Dinsdale  was,  I  believe,  the  original  owner  of  the 
Simonstone  estate,  but  as  a  tombstone  in  memory  of  George 
Dinsdale,  of  Simonstone,  states — "In  the  Dale  had  lived 
and  died  his  forefathers  for  800  years.  And  in  him  passed 
away  the  last  who  made  it  his  dwelling-place,  beloved  and 
honoured  fax  as  he  was  known."  George  Dinsdale's  mother 
was  a  Stuart.  There  are  tombstones  to  the  Stuarts  from  1768, 
one  signed,  Firmadge,  Fecit,  Leicester,  is  a  most  beautiful 
specimen  of  caligraphy,  on  a  Lias  flag,  to  Guthbert  Stuart, 
Esq.,  of  Simonstone,  who  died  in  1768. 

Customs. — Hen  Silver  at  Weddings,  spent,  with  additions,  in 
feasting  and  drinking. 

Begging  Collops,  i.e.  begging  slices  of  bacon  on  the  Monday 
(i.e.  Collop-Monday)  before  Shrove  Tuesday.  This  custom 
is  almost  extinct. 

Barring  Out  the  Schoolmaster  on  the  5th  of  November,*  is  still 
encouraged  by  the  elders  as  it  was  by  their  forefathers. 

Peace-egging  or  Mumming  at  Xmas. 

The  Church  bell  is  rung  at  8  a.m.  each  Sunday  to  inform  the 
people  there  will  be  Morning  Service,  and  at  4  p.m.  to  in- 
form them  there  will  be  Evening  Service. 

Words,  &c. — Bad  with  you,  injurious  or  detrimental  to  you. 

Good  with  you,  beneficial  or  of  service  to  you. 

Thummel  tea  bo,  the  ball  of  the  big  toe. 

Formel,  to  order  for  any  person  what  he  or  she  might  require 
from  a  shop,  &c,  i.e.  to  forward. 

Garth,  a  small  field,  as  Mill  Garth,  the  field  in  which  the  mill 
either  stands  or  stood. 

Scar,  a  waterfall,  as  "  Hardrow  Scar." 

Fobs,  fors,  or  force,  a  waterfall,  as  Colter  Force,  Aysgarth 
Force. 

Ghyl,  a  ravine,  as  Shaw  Ghyl,  Hell  Ghyl. 

Beck,  a  small  river  or  beck. 

Sett,  against : — generally  a  village  set  against  or  opposite  to  a 
hill,  as  Burtersett,  Countersett,  Appersett. 

Ware,  to  spend. 

Gan,  to  go, 

Gane,  gone. 

Lile,  little. 

Car,  care.  Hardrow,  Aug.  25, 1885. 

[Our  friend  has  omitted  to  mention  that  grand  sight  of  some 
winters  back,  when  Hardrow-force  was  one  mass  of  ice.  Photo* 
graphs  were  taken  of  it.] 

•  This  was  (and  slightly  lingers  still,)  the  custom  in  various  parts  of  York- 
shire on  Shrore  Tuesday,  at  11 1 


YORKSHIRE    FOLKLORE.  11 

HARDROW    SCAR. 
A  Descriptive  Poem  by  Rev.  J.  Fawcett. 


While  modern  bards  depict  the  scenes  of  war, 

The  rival  muse  resorts  to  Hardrow  Scar, 

A  strange  hiatus  formed  in  nature's  mould, 

A  striking  portrait  wondrous  to  behold. 

On  first  approaching  this  romantic  place. 

Majestic  rocks  the  op'ning  prospect  grace, 

A  humble  cottage  at  the  foot  appears, 

Above,  a  towering  hill  its  summit  rears. 

A  scene  of  grandeur  meets  the  ravished  eye, 

Here  rocks  impend,  there  moss-grown  fragments  lie, 

While  round  the  top  or  elms  or  ashes  grow, 

And  form  an  ombre  o'er  the  gulf  below. 

Amidst  the  rocks,  and  near  the  centre,  stands 

A  curious  pile  as  if  composed  with  hands ; 

Ingenious  nature  here  displays  a  part 

That  seems  to  rival  all  the  traits  of  art. 

Yet  what  excites  our  wonder  most  of  all 

Is  the  renowned  Cascade — the  water-fall. 

When  low  the  river,  and  the  day  is  bright, 

The  stream  descending  forms  a  brilliant  sight ; 

A  thousand  colours  beauteously  display 

The  various  power  of  Sol's  reflective  ray, 

While  o'er  the  top  a  pond'rous  rock  impends 

In  awful  grandeur,  as  the  stream  descends ; 

But  if  incessant  rains  have  swelled  the  rills 

That  pour  spontaneous  from  the  neighbouring  hills, 

And  these  united  in  one  common  course 

Rush  down  the  precipice  with  rapid  force, 

From  the  deep  gulf  the  raging  flood  recoils 

And  hideous,  roaring,  like  Cb&rybdis  boils. 

The  gazing  trav'ller,  with  uplifted  hands, 

In  dread  amazement  at  a  distance  stands, 

8truck  with  the  scene  he  contemplates  it  o'er, 

And  tries  the  work  of  nature  to  explore ; 

Then  tired,  at  last,  he  quits  his  nice  surveys 

And  on  the  Scar  betows  his  meed  of  praise. 


12  YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 

The  Poob  Man's  Bane  and  Antidote. 

Poverty,  begone !  thou  dread  source  of  my  care, 
Thou  parent  of  sorrow  and  nurse  of  despair ; 
Through  thee  life's  a  portion  embittered  with  gall 
I  trust  there's  a  Providence  careth  for  all. 

I  find  with  regret  the  old  adage  too  true — 
When  Fortune  deserts  us  our  friends  are  but  few, 
Yet  blessed  with  content,  though  my  pittance  is  small, 
I  know  there's  a  Providence  careth  for  all. 

To  numberless  ills  so  [oft  subject]  *  are  we, 
From  suffering  and  sorrow  no  mortal  is  free. 
Distress  was  entailed  on  our  race  through  the  fall 
Yet  still  the  same  Providence  careth  for  ail. 

What  though  I  am  plunged  in  misfortune  and  woe, 
And  mis'ry  and  want  are  my  portion  below, 
Joy  beams  on  my  soul  which  no  grief  can  appal 
From  the  trust  that  a  Providence  careth  for  all. 

Then  why  should  I  fret  and  in  anguish  despair, 
Since  man  still  is  Heaven's  peculiar  oare, 
This  anchor  of  hope  shall  my  spirit  console 
A  firm  trust  that  a  Providence  careth  for  all.      per  J.G. 
•  Obnoxious,  in  copy. 


Yorkshire  lialetts. 


Each  of  the  numerous  Yorkshire  valleys  has  its  own  peculiar 
words  and  modes  of  pronunciation ;  nay,  there  is  frequently  a 
marked  difference  on  opposite  sides  of  a  valley,  and  between  the 
dwellers  in  the  upper  and  lower  dales.  By  the  aid  of  oar 
philological  friends,  we  hope  to  register  the  dialectic  peculiar- 
ities of  each  district ;  and  we  commence  with  a  list  compiled  a 
dozen  or  twenty  years  ago  of  words  and  pronunciations  common 
to  Galder  Yale,  from  the  source  of  the  river  to  Wakefield.  It 
need  scarcely  be  added  that  omissions— few  or  many — will  be 
thankfully  inserted  as  supplied.  Some  of  the  words  are  recog- 
nized as  good  English,  and  found  almost  throughout  the  country, 
but  we  give  the  list  in  its  entirety. 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LOREL  18 

Aaae-verae,  a  '  spell '  on  a  house,  to  prevent  its  being  burnt,  or 

to  keep  off  witchcraft. 
Aboon,  above,  more  than. 
Abaht,  about. 
Abide,  tolerate. 
Ackerons,  ackerils,  acorns. 

Addle,  to  earn ;  addlins,  earnings.     "  Savin'  's  gooid  addlin'." 
Afore,  before. 

Agate'ards,  to  accompany  part  of  the  way. 
Agait,  get  agate,  begin. 

Agate,  annoying;  "Agate  o'  sumdy,"  (somebody.) 
Ah,  oi,  I ;  ah-ther-say,  I  dare  say. 
Aht,  out ;    ahted,  put  out ;    ahtin,  outing  or  excursion  ;   aht  o' 

t'gate,  out  of  the  way,  or  dead. 
Ait,  eat ;  Saxon  aete. 
Aight,  ought,  or  owed;    "handed  down  to  us  by  our  Saxon 

ancestors."    Watson's  Halifax. 
Akst,  banns  of  marriage  published. 

Aks,  ax,  ask,  from  acsian.    Used  by  Chaucer  and  other  writers. 
Alegar  (Elliker)  Well,  near  Kirklees,  a  noted  <  holy  well." 
Aleker,  elliker,  vinegar. 

Alehoof,  ground  ivy,  used  in  brewing,  formerly. 
Amang,  among ;  Saxon  gemang. 
Ample,  a  corruption  of  amble. 
A  nod  glass,  a  nuther,  a  nahnce ;    an  odd  glass,  an  other,  an 

ounce. 
All-hallow-tide,  All  Saints'  day,  November  1st. 
All  aht,  entirely ;  all  nowt,  nothing ;  all  ta  nowt, 
Alley,  passage,  also  aisle. 

All  theare,  self-possessed ;  not  all  theare,  short  of  intellect. 
Anent,    opposite ;    we  hear    "  opposite    anent " ;    sometimes 

"  ower  anent." 
Apprun,  apprum,  apron. 
Ammut,  am  not. 
Arr,  vicious,  as,  arr  toad. 
Arless,  an  earnest  penny.  (Watson's  Halifax.) 
A-e,  though  now  considered  a  vulgar  and  indecent  word,  is 

frequently  used  without  any  intention  of  being  indecent. 

It  is  found  in  old  writings,  particularly  ballads.     Saxon, 

breach  or  fundament. 
[Cart- a-e]  behind  a  cart,  tied  behind  a  cart. 
Ar-e-smart,  water  pepper-plant. 
Arran,  a  spider ;  Latin. 
Arrandweb,  spider's  web. 
Arrant,  downright,  monstrous,  arrant  rogue. 
ABsart,  to  grub  roots  up,  land  cleared  of  roots. 
Ask,  keen,  piercing,  as,  an  ask  mruh 
Asteead,  instead. 


14  YOBKSHIRE    FOLK-LOBE. 

Askerd,  "  dry  askerd,"  a  land  lizard ;  "  watter  askerd,"  a  newt. 

Ass,  ashes,  cinders. 

Assemever,  how-so-ever,  however. 

"  Tremmle,  (tremble)  like  an  aspin  leaf,"  trembling  poplar. 

At,  t/tat :  probably  a  Danish  habit. 

Aumery,  a  provision  cupboard. 

An-all,  also ;  but  really  is  and  all ;  l  him  an-all "  means  "  him 

also." 
Aumust,  almost. 

Awand,  a  warrant,  as,  I'll  awand  tliee. 
Awms-haases,  owms-hahses,  alms-houses. 
Awf,  elf;  also  a  sly  fellow.     "  Awf- Houses  "  in  Hipperholme, 

"Half,"  or  "Elf"? 
Awther,  ayther,  either.     Saxon  awther. 
Anparcy,  and  parcel,  &o.     "  x,  y,  z,  and  parcel,  goa  ta  bed." 
Arridge,  edge  or  ridge,  in  front  of  the  horse  shoe. 
Arvil-cake,    bread  given  to  poor  people  at  funerals.     Now  a 

Savoy  biscuit  is  given. 
At-after,  afterward. 
Assoyl,  absolve.     On  a  gravestone  found  in  Ilkley  Church. 

Obsolete. 
Avver-breead,  oat-cake. 
Awfish,  sickly,  neither  ill  nor  well ;  half-ish. 
Aye,  eea,  ah ;  yes. 
Aye  Marry,  Ave  Mary,  Hail  Mary !  yes,  surely. 

B  thru  a  bull  fooit,  one  who  does  not  know  the  alphabet ;   an 

illiterate. 
Baarns,  children.     Saxon-baeran,  to  bear. 

"  The  blissful  Barne  that  bought  us  on  the  rode."  [  Cross.] 

Shakespeare  and  other  old  writers  use  it. 
Bang-full,  bank-full,  brim-full. 
Balack-handed,  left-handed,  gauchy. 
Bahn,  going.    Where  are  ta  balm  *      |Tm  bahn  to  go,    I  am 

going  away.] 
Bain,  near,  convenient.     (Watson). 
Bat,  bundle  of  straw.      "  The  straw  of  two  wheat-sheaves." 

(Watson.) 
Bat,  speed,  to  go  at  a  great  bat. 
Bat,  a  knock  on  the  head. 
Bad,  a  cricketer's  bat. 
Bawson,  ugly,  brutish  fellow. 
Bauk,  a  beam,  joist. 
Bauk,  to  disappoint,  disappointment. 
Badger,  flour-dealer. 
Baarly,    barly,    a  truce  when  boys  are* at  play;    "parley;" 

"by  your  leave." 
Bas,  a  doormat.     German — ajruslu 
Beade,  a  prayer ;  obsolete. 


YORKSHIRE    FOLKLORE.  15 

Beck,  a  brook.    Scandinavian — a  small  stream. 

Beass,  beasts,  cows. 

"  Begin  at  t'beginnin,'  like  t'clark  o*  Beeston." 

Beest,  firstjnilk  after  the  cow  has  calved.     It  was  formerly 

distributed  among  the  customers  gratuitously,  and  a  rich 

Yorkshire  pudding  made  from  it. 
Bezzlt,  drunken,  tipsy. 
Bensel,  to  soundly  beat,  thrash  a  person. 
Bene,  beneson,  blessing. 

Belive,  in  the  evening,  quickly,  immediately.     (Watson.) 
Bell,  belling,  bellowing. 
Benin,  burying,  funeral. 

Birk,  birch;  Saxon-berc,  "Birk-hill,"  "American  birk." 
Bildering,  levelling  the  ground,  breaking  the  clouds ;  billing. 
Bid,  to  invite ;  bid  to  burying. 
Bigging,  a  building;  big,  to  build.     (Watson.) 
Blags,  blackberries,  fruit  of  bramble,  one  of  the  sweetest  of 
fruits,  and  makes  a  delicious  preserve.  "Bumblekites,"  N.R.Y. 
Blade,  slang  term  for  a  sharp,  cutting  fellow. 
Bleared,  besmeared,  sticky  substance;  "bleared  to  th'  een." 
Blether,  bladder :  "  as  a  full  bleddere,"  Piers  Plowman,  1890. 

Welsh,  dd  and  th  often  interchange. 
Blether-eead,  a  wrong  head,  an  empty  head ;  like  a  bladder. 
Blether,  blethered,  blethering,  roared,  wept. 
Bluthered,  bellowed,  roared,  wept. 
Blink,  evade. 

Bloke,  a  name  of  contempt  applied  to  persons. 
Boadle,  half-farthing.  We  were  well  pleased  formerly  if  we  got 

a  boadle-worth  of  spice,  [sweets.] 
Boken,  nauseate,  inclination  to  vomit. 
Bother,  trouble. 
Bonny,  beautiful. 
Bosm,  bosom.    Saxon-bosm. 

Botch,  a  novice  at  workmanship,  a  jobber,  but  not  a  cow-jobber. 
Boggard,   ghost,  common  to  Northern  languages.     "Be  not 

afraid  of  the  bugs  (terrors,  evil  spirits)  by  night."     One 

scarcely  dare  stir  out  on  dark  nights  before  gas  lights  were 

common  for  fear  of  boggards. 
Boh,  to  frighten;  "Boh,  son  of  Odin." — Fosbroke. 
Bolster,  bowster  drawer,  pillow-case,  pillow-beer. 
Bolster,  a  boy  against  whom  another  places  his  head  at  the 

game  "  Ships." 
Brackle,  broken,  unsettled;  " brackle  weather." 
Brackens,  fern.    Used  still  for  bedding  for  cattle  during  winter, 

instead  of  straw. 
Brah,  brow,  bank  of  a  hill.     ?  Brea  in  Over  Brea. 
Braidy,  foolish.     (Watson.) 
Bran-new,  brand  new,  burnt  new,  quite  new.  * 


16  YORKSHIBE    FOLK-LOBE. 

Brake,  broken. 

Brag,  boasting. 

Brades,  resembles,  acts  like. 

Brat,   a  pinafore,  coarse  apron.    Used  by  Chaucer.  *  Brat '-ft 

child,  is  seldom  used  in  Calder  Vale. 
Breet,  bright;  Saxon-breoht. 
Brander,  Brandrith,  an  iron,  over  the  fire  place,  to  set  a  vessel 

upon.    Also  an  iron  frame  on  which  Yorkshire  puddings 

are  baked. 
Bray,  to  beat,  to  pound,  to  hammer,  to  break. 
Brig,    bridge;    Saxon-brig,    "Brighus  for  Brighouse,  Brigg, 

Briggs."     Used  by  old  writers. 
Briggs,   a  two-forked  branch  of  a  tree,  similar  to  Y,  placed 

across  the  brewing  tub,  on  which  was  placed  the  hop-seive, 

and  all  the  liquor  '  strained '  through  it.  Recent  legislation 

on  '  home  brewing  *  will  render  this  description  necessary 

for  the  next  generation. 
Brocks,  old  name  for  badgers  or  pates ;  used  by  the  Bev.  Oliver 

Heywood. 
Brocks,  cuckoo  spit,  an  insect.  "  Sweat  like  a  brick,1'  properly, 

"  Sweat  like  a  brock."  the  little  fly  which  envelopes  itself 

in  '  spit '  for  self-defence,  found  by  thousands  on  the  grass 

on  road  sides  in  spring.   The  spit  is  locally  called  "  cuckoo 

spit." 
Brief,  a  funeral  club.    Probably  the  name  is  derived  from  the 

briefs  granted  by  magistrates  authorizing  collections  in 

places  of  worship  for  persons  &c,  suffering  from  fires,  ship* 

wrecks,  floods,  before  the  days  of  Insurance  Societies. 
Bridle  sty,  a  road  for  horses  but  not  for  vehicles. 
Breward,  braward,  the  rim  of  a  hat. 

Broached,  broiched,  a  spire  steeple,  (Watson) ;  tapping  a  barrel. 
Brust,  burst. 
Bukth,  bulkth,  great  size. 
Bun,  bound,  bond. 
Bur,  to  stop  a  boy's  marble ;  to  put  a  block  or  stone  behind  a 

cartwheel ;  to  prop,  as  a  bur-wall ;   to  burrow ;   a  rabbit's 

bur. 
Buck-hummer,  used  as  an  invective ;   "  Go  to  Buck-hummer, 

where  there's  nother  winter  nor  sunagner." 
Butty,  partnership,  rendering  mutu&Hielp,  often  surreptitiously. 
Butter  and  Cheese,    the  tender  leaves  of  the  thorn.     Some 

children  are  fond  of  eating  them. 
Butts,  abuttals,  (French^,   boundaries.    Used  also  as  a  verb. 

Also  for  the  place  where  archers  met  to  shoot  at  a  mark. 
Buokstick,  a  smart  or  brave  fellow. 
By,  in  place  names,  is  found  at  Sowerby.    Danish. 
Byerlaw,  by-law,  b6rough-laws. 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 


17 


Pbophst  Wbob. — Bonks,  in  his  "Walks  in  Yorkshire,'* 
records  that  Wroe's  house  at  Wrenthorpe  was  broken  into  by 
burglars  in  1842,  and  in  consequence  of  false  statements,  made 
by  Wroe's  son,  daughter,  and  servant,  three  innocent  persons 
were  transported  for  ten  years  but  released  at  the  end  of  five 
years,  as  it  had  been  discovered  to  be  the  work  of  others,  and 
the  servant  declared  she  had  given  her  statements  under  com- 
pulsion. The  three  convicts  returned  home  to  find  their  homes 
ruined.  Prophet  Wroe's  mansion,  otherwise  Melbourne  House, 
was  built  in  1866-7,  at  a  cost  of  £9,000.  It  is  two  storeys 
high,  Doric  in  style,  and  has  a  frontage  of  about  ninety  feet 
toward  Wakefield.  This  temple  for  the  Israelites  was  left' by 
his  will  to  his  grandchildren.  The  old  house  at  Bowling, 
where  the  prophet  was  born,  is  still  standing,  and  we  give  an 
excellent  sketch  of  it  made  by  Mr.  W.  Scruton. 


Wroe  began  his  mission  in  1822,  issued  his  Southcottian 
writings  about  1828 ;  travelled  in  Spain,  Italy,  Germany,  Scot- 
land and  Wales ;  was  mobbed  in  Bradford  and  Ashton-under- 
Lyne  in  1881,  settled  in  and  near  Wakefield  about  1882,  visited 
America  and  Australia — the  latter  several  times,  and  died  at 
Melbourne  in  that  colony,  in  1864. 

Burials  in  Woollen. —  Two  witnesses  were  required  to 
certify  on  oath,  immediately  after  any  funeral  ceremony  took 
place,  that  the  deceased  person  was  buried  in  woollen.  Entries 
in  our  parish  registers,  referring  to  this  custom,  are  not  in- 
frequent. Generally  the  woman  who  "  laid  out "  the  body,  and 
a  relative,  took  the  oath.  The  following  is  a  copy  of  the 
printed  certificate,  9}  inches  by  7J,  and  is  worthy  of  insertion 
in  the  pages  of  Y.  N.  d  Q.f  because  (1)  of  its  great  scarcity ; 

T.F.  C 


18 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 


(one  in  the  possession  of  Mr.  W.  Scruton  being  the  only  one  I 
have  ever  seen),  (2)  it  bears  a  local  Bookseller's  name,  and  (8) 
its  pictorial  embellishments  are  admonishing  if  not  charming* 
A  monument  at  Otley  bears  a  sculptured  alto-relief  copy  of  * 
winding  sheet,  with  the  face  uncovered. 


of  the  Parish  of 

in  the  of  make  Oath,  That 

of  the  Parish  of 

in  the.  of 

lately  Deceased,  was  not  put  in,  wrapt, 
or  wound  up, 

or  Buried,  in  ant/  Shirt,  Shift,  Sheet,  or 
Shrowd,  made  or  mingled  with 

Flax,  Hemp,  Silk,  Hair,  Gold  or  Silver, 
or  other  than  what  is  made  of 

Sheep  s   Wool  only:    Nor  in  any  Cojfin 
lined  or  faced  with  any  Cloth,  Stuff, 

or  any  other  thing   whatsoever   made  or 
mingled  with  Flax,  Hemp,  Silk, 

Hair,    Gold   or   Silver,    or   any    other 
Material,  contrary  to  the  Act  of 

Parliament  for  Burying  in   Woollen,  hut 
Sheep  s   Wool  only. 

Dated  the  of 

year  of  the  Reign  of  our  Sovereign  Lord, 
Charles  the  Second,  King  of  England, 
Scotland,  France  and  Ireland,  Defender 
of  the  Faith.  And  in  the  year  of  our 
Lord  God,  16 

•Sealed  and  subscribed  by  us 
who  were  present,  and  Wit- 
nesses to  the  swearing  of 
the  abovesaid  Affidavit- 


YORKSHIKE    FOLK-LORE.  19 


do  hereby  Certifie,  that  the  Day  and  Year  abovesaid,  the  said 
came  before  me,  and  made  such  Affidavit  as 
is  above  mentioned,  according  to  the  said  late  Act  of 
Parliament,  Intituled,  An  Act  for  Burying  in  Woollen. 
Witness  my  Hand  the  Day  and  Year  above-written. 
London :  printed  for  John  Penrose,  Bookseller  in  Leedes. 


By  tlte  SO  Curl.  #.,  St.  1,  c  S. — For  the  encouragement  of  the 
Woollen  Manufactures,  and  prevention  of  the  exportation  of 
money  for  the  importing  of  linen,  it  is  enacted  that  no  corps 
(sic)  of  any  person  shall  be  buried  in  any  shirt,  shift,  sheet  or 
shroud,  or  any  thing  whatsoever  made  or  mingled  with  flax, 
hemp,  silk,  hair,  gold  or  silver,  &c,  in  any  stuff  or  thing,  other 
than  what  is  made  of  sheep's  wool  only ;  on  pain  of  £5. 

And  all  persons  in  holy  orders,  deans,  parsons,  deacons, 
vicars,  curates  and  their  substitutes,  shall  take  in  account  and 
keep  a  register  of  every  person  buried  within  their  respective 
precincts,  or  in  such  common  burial  places  as  their  respective 
parishioners  are  usually  buried  ;  and  one  of  the  relations  of  the 
party  deceased,  or  other  credible  person,  shall  within  eight 
days  next  after  the  interment,  bring  an  affidavit  in  writing 
under  the  hands  and  seals  of  two  or  more  witnesses,  and  under 
the  hand  of  the  Magistrate  or  Officer  before  whom  the  same 
was  sworn  (for  which  nothing  shall  be  paid),  to  the  minister  or 
person,  that  the  said  person  was  not  put  in,  wrapt  or  wound 
up  or  buried,  in  any  shirt,  shift,  sheet  or  shroud,  made  or 
mingled  with  flax,  hemp,  silk,  hair,  gold  or  silver,  or  other 
than  what  is  made  of  sheep's  wool  only ;  or  in  any  coffin  lined 
or  faced  with  any  cloth,  stuff,  or  any  other  thing  made  or 
mingled  with  flax,  hemp,  &c,  or  any  other  material  but  sheep's 
wool  only;  And  if  no  relation  of  the  party  buried  or  other 
person  shall  bring  an  affidavit  as  aforesaid,  to  the  parson  or 
minister  within  the  time  aforesaid,  then  the  goods  and  chattels 
of  the  party  deceased  shall  be  liable  to  the  said  forfeiture  of  £5, 
to  be  levied  by  way  of  distress  and  sale  thereof,  by  warrant  of 

*  This  Capital  I  is  adorned  with  a  flowering  plant  on  each  side. 


20  YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 

the  chief  Magistrate  in  a  town  corporate,  or  any  Justice  of  the 
Peace ;  or  in  default  thereof,  by  like  distress  and  sale  of  the 
goods  of  the  person  in  whose  house  the  party  died,  or  of  any 
that  had  a  hand  in  putting  such  person  into  any  shirt,  shift, 
shroud  or  coffin,  contrary  to  the  act,  or  did  order  or  dispose 
the  doing  thereof;  and  in  case  such  person  were  a  servant,  and 
died  in  the  family  of  his  master  or  mistress,  the  same  shall  be 
levied  on  the  goods  of  such  master  or  mistress,  and  if  such  per- 
son died  in  the  family  of  his  father  or  mother,  then  the  same  to 
be  levied  on  the  goods  of  such  father  or  mother ;  which  said 
forfeiture  shall  be  levied,  paid  and  allowed,  out  of  the  estate  of 
the  deceased  person  before  any  statute,  judgment,  debt,  legacy, 
or  other  duty  whatsoever. 

The  said  Affidavit  to  be  made  before  a  Justice  of  the  Peace, 
or  Master  of  Chancery,  Mayor,  or  other  Chief  Officer  of  the  city, 
borough,  corporation,  or  market  Town  where  the  party  was 
buried,  who  shall  administer  the  said  oath,  and  attest  the  same 
under  their  hands  upon  such  Affidavit  gratis.  And  if  no  such 
Affidavit  shall  be  brought  to  the  minister  where  the  party  was 
buried  within  eight  days,  such  Minister  shall  forthwith  give  or 
cause  notice  to  be  given  in  writing  under  his  hand  to  the 
churchwardens  or  overseers  of  the  poor  of  such  parish,  who  ' 
shall  within  eight  days  after  such  notice,  repair  to  the  chief 
magistrate  in  a  town  corporate,  if  such  party  was  buried  there, 
or  else  to  any  justice  of  the  peace,  who  upon  the  certificate 
thereof  from  such  minister,  shall  forthwith  grant  a  wan-ant  for 
the  levying  the  forfeiture :  Half  of  which  forfeitures  shall  be  to 
the  poor  of  the  parish  where  the  party  shall  be  buried,  and  half 
to  him  that  shall  sue  for  the  same  ;  to  be  recovered  by  warrant 
of  the  chief  Magistrate  or  any  justice  of  peace  in  the  city,  town 
corporate,  or  county  where  such  party  was  buried. 

Then  follows  a  clause  setting  forth  that — If  any  Minister 
shall  neglect  to  give  notice  to  the  churchwardens  or  overseers 
of  the  poor,  or  not  give  unto  them  a  note  or  certificate  that  such 
affidavit  was  not  brought  to  him  within  the  time  limited ;  or  if 
the  churchwardens,  or  overseers  of  the  poor,  shall  not  within 
eight  days  after  the  receipt  of  such  certificate,  repair  to  such 
chief  Magistrate  or  justice  of  the  peace  with  such  certificate  and 
demand  his  warrant  thereupon  for  levying  the  forfeiture ;  and 
if  such  magistrate  or  justice  of  the  peace  shall  neglect  his  duty 
in  not  issuing  his  warrant  for  levying  the  same,  he  shall  forfeit 
£5,  to  be  recovered  by  him  that  shall  sue,  with  full  costs,  so  as 
the  suit  be  commenced  within  six  months ;  one  fourth  to  the 
King,  two  fourths  to  the  poor  of  the  parish  where  the  offender 
shall  dwell,  and  one  fourth  to  him  who  shall  sue. 

The  Minister  of  every  parish  to  keep  a  register  in  which  he 
shall  keep  an  account  of  all  burials  within  his  parish,  and  of  all 
affidavits  brought  to  him  as  aforesaid. 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE.  21 

Provided  that  no  penalty  shall  be  incurred  by  reason  of  any 
person  that  died  of  the  plague.  W.6. 

Cubes  fob  Wabts. — Your  note  on  SeUiny  Warts  in  No.  1,  re- 
minds me  of  a  few  "  Notes  "  made,  Captain  Cuttle  like,  some 
years  ago  when  I  heard  the  cures  mentioned: — If  you  have 
warts  that  you  want  to  be  rid,  try  some  of  the  following 
remedies,  which  I  have  been  told  are  never  failing  cures.  Hell 
them  to  some  one,  a  friend,  and  then  wrap  up  the  money  re- 
ceived, be  it  a  penny  or  more,  and  hide  it,  not  looking  at  it 
again,  and  you  will  soon  lose  your  warts ;  so  my  informant,  a 
woman,  told  me,  and  she  had  it  done,  and  successfully  too,  she 
said.  Other  remedies  are — Rub  them  with  raw  beef,  and  then 
bury  the  beef  somewhere,  and  as  the  flesh  decays  so  will  your 
warts  die.  Tie  a  piece  of  silk  round  the  warts  cutting  off  the 
ends  of  the  silk  after  tieing :  wrap  up  the  ends  and  lose  them, 
and  you  will  soon  lose  your  warts,  not  knowing  how  or  when : 
so  my  informant  did,  (again  a  woman,)  and  she  lost  her  warts, 
and  never  knew  how.  Bub  them  with  a  cinder  and  then  throw 
the  cinder  over  your  head.  This  reminds  me  of  a  practice 
we  used  to  perform  when  I  was  a  boy  at  school.  When  we 
found  one  of  these  long  haired  or  downy  snails,  or  caterpillars, 
which  are  generally  found  in  hedge  bottoms  and  which  we 
called  "  Tommy  Tailyers,"  we  used  to  throw  them  over  our 
heads  for  luck.  S.B. 

Our  readers  will  remember  the  instance  of  wart-cure  by  cut- 
ting notches  off  a  stick  in  Tom  Bmwn's  Schooldays.     Ed. 

A  woman  here,  a  noted  Methodist,  cures  warts  regularly 
simply  by  looking  at  them.  The  usual  advice  is  "  Go  to  Mrs. — 
and  let  her  look  at  them."  B. 

Cure  fob  a  Sobe  Mouth. — A  woman  was  going  recently  to 
a  medical  man  with  her  child  who  had  a  sore  mouth,  with  a  view 
to  have  it  cured,  and  meeting  on  the  way  with  an  old  woman 
whom  she  knew,  told  her  her  errand.  The  old  woman  said  to 
her  go  back  home,  and  obtain  a  live  frog  and  put  it  into  the 
child's  mouth ;  then  pull  it  out  by  the  legs  and  the  child  would 
be  cured,  and  not  only  that,  but  ever  afterwards,  any  person 
who  might  be  suffering  from  a  sore  mouth  might  also  be  cured, 
if  her  child  should  blow  its  breath  into  the  mouth  of  the  person 
so  afflicted.  S.B. 

Duck. — "  The  duck  will  come  and  lay  you  if  you  don't  behave," 
was  the  expression  used  by  a  poor  woman,  whose  child  would 
not  keep  quiet  when  my  wife  called  on  her.  What  is  the  mean- 
ing of  the  word  "  duck  "?  G.  W. 

Botherham. 

Finis.— Who  does  not  remember  his  wonderful  school-boy 
feat  of  F.  for  fig,  and  I.  for  jig  and  N.  for  nigny  no  ne,  I.  for 
John  the  Waterman  and  S.  for  Sally  Stoney  ?  and  still  the 
wonder  grew  how  I.  rather  than  J.  should  stand  for  John. 


22  YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 

Arkengarthdale. — A  great  majority  of  the  Christian  names 
of  the  people  here  are  Scriptural.  When  I  came  here,  ten 
years  ago,  I  had  in  the  School  a  Matthew,  a  Mark,  Luke  and  a 
John.  Obadiah,  Reuben,  and  Benjamin  are  not  uncommon 
names.  There  is  a  peculiar  custom  here  with  regard  to  the  use 
of  Christian  names — a  custom  which  is  even  more  prevalent  in 
the  neighbouring  dale  (Swaledale).  An  illustration  will  make 
plain  the  custom  to  which  I  refer :  There  is  a  person  living  in 
the  dale  named  Win.  Slack,  whose  father's  name  was  Andrew. 
.  He  is  almost  invariably  called  Andrew  Will.  Sometimes  three 
and  occasionally  four  Christian  names  are  connected  in  this 
way,  the  surname  being  omitted.  In  White's  "  Month  in 
Yorks."  you  will  find  a  reference  to  this  custom.  The  principal 
Inn  in  this  dale  is  called  the  C.B. — the  initials  it  is  said  of 
Charles  Backhouse,  the  person  who  discovered  lead  in  the  dale 
more  than  two  centuries  ago.  H.G. 

Prison  Bars,  or  Run-out  Scotch. — This  is  an  old  game  for 
boys,  and  a  great  favourite.  It  was  a  royal  amusement  in  1549. 
It  seems  to  have  originated  with  the  Scotch  depredations.  The 
boys  take  opposite  sides,  and  one  of  set  A  runs  or  ventures  out 
as  scout,  and  is  followed  in  hot  haste  by  one  of  set  B,  who  is 
again  followed  by  one  from  A,  and  he  is  also  pursued.  The 
first  may  elude  all  his  opponents  and  get  back  safely  to  his  den. 
Any  that  are  caught  by  opponents,  who  left  the  den  after  they 
departed,  are  sent  to  prisons.  A's  prison  is  at  some  distance 
opposite  B's  den,  and  B's  prison  opposite  A's  den.  One  of  As 
lot  can  release  an  imprisoned  countryman  if  he  can  manage  to 
touch  him  before  a  B  touches  the  gallant  rescuer.  The  game 
is  really  up  when  all  are  caught  save  one,  or  if  a  den  is  totally 
abandoned.  The  enemy  leaps  over  the  line,  and  raises  a  jubilant 
shout  of  victory.  If  tjie  armies  are  face  to  face  the  prisons  are 
kept  in  the  enemies'  dens,  and  all  the  skirmishing  is  between 
the  dens,  with  the  greatest  latitude  commandable.  This  is 
called  "  Short  Scotch."  E.R. 

Shipley. 

Fair  Imogene. — Where  can  I  find  a  poem  beginning:  "A 
warrior  so  bold  and  a  maiden  so  bright "  ?  M.T. 

Spiders.— It  is  said  to  be  unlucky  to  kill  spiders.  The  very 
small  spiders  we  see  suspended  by  a  thread  of  web,  are  known 
as  money-spinners,  and  are  said  to  betoken  good  fortune  to 
those  they  visit.  I.B. 

What  is  the  Ghost  Story  of  Woodsome  Hall  ?  J.H.I. 

The  Bretton  Ballad  cannot  be  very  old,  from  the  substitu- 
tion of  beer  for  ale,  and  the  common  use  of  gla*$e&,  not  cups  or 
horns.  I.B. 

.    Obnoxious. — "  The  Poor  Man's  Bane  and  Antidote,"  page  12, 
should  properly  be — "To  numberless  ills  vlmoxiou*  are  we." 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LOJtE.  2a 

The  word  obnoxious  has  two  meanings  the  older  one  is  "liable/* 
the  later  one  is  "disagreeable,  repulsive,  offensive,"  &c,  and 
any  good  dictionary  will  give  both  forms.  I.B. 

Alegab,  is  not,  correctly  speaking,  vinegar.  Alegar  was 
formerly  made  from  stale  ale,  vinegar  from  wine,  or  grapes. 
The  latter  word  has  been  improperly  adopted  in  both  cases.  I 
can  remember  when  it  was  otherwise,  at  least  in  Manchester. 

LB. 


fjorksljir*  Sallabs. 

The  following  ballad,  communicated  by  the  Rev.  J.  L.  Say- 
well,  F.R.H.S.,  F.S.Sc,  (London),  was  written  by  a  lady  on 
the  occasion  of  the  Duke  of  Gloucester's  visit  to  Ackworth  in 
October,  1828  :— 

"  I  trust  my  muse  will  not  refuse 

To  celebrate  the  happy  day 
When  Gloucester's  Duke  his  court  forsook, 

And  to  the  Country  hied  his  way. 

T'was  Gantley  Hall  which  first  of  all 
Received  this  most  illustrious  guest ; 

What  there  befell  I  cannot  tell, 
I  must  proceed  to  speak  the  rest. 

All  in  the  dark  to  Kippax*  Park 

The  royal  stranger  sped  amain, 
Perchance  that  he  disliked  to  see 

On  Pomfret's  wall,  the  bloody  stain. 

All  danger  past,  arrived  at  last, 

He  finds  a  noble  party  there, 
The  welcome  said,  the  board  is  spread 

With  fish,  and  soup,  and  viands  rare. 

And  fowl  and  game,  both  wild  and  tame, 

Were  all  in  tasteful  plenty  given, 
And  fruit  so  fine,  and  choicest  wine 

From  every  country  under  heaven. 

Each  day  and  night,  with  rapid  flight 

In  gay  succession  sunk  and  rose ; 
The  time  is  flown  the  Duke  is  gone, 

I  must  pursue  him  as  he  goes. 


Jm!*  objeet  of  the  Duke's  visit,  was  to  stand  sponsor  to  the  twelfth  child 
of  Thomas  Davidson  Bland,  Esq.,  of  Kippax. 


24  YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 

A  friendly  call  at  Hundhill*  Hall 

Impedes  him  in  bis  hasty  coarse ; 
He  there  would  stay  the  Sabbath  day, 
•  That  day  of  rest  for  man  and  horse. 

Then  in  the  morn  to  Ghurchf  he's  borne, 

But  not  in  car  of  royal  state  ; 
To  lay  aside  all  thoughts  of  pride, 

Full  well  becomes  the  rich  and  great. 

The  Rector's]:  seat,  as  (h)is  most  meet, 
Receives  him  with  a  train  of  friends ; 

The  bells  have  rung,  the  hymn  is  sung ; 
The  congregation  mute  attends. 

"  God  save  the  King,"  or  some  such  thing, 

Is  sung  with  ready  glee  and  art ; 
Then  out  they  pour  forth  from  the  door, 

And  for  the  Quaker's  school  depart.  § 

All  in  amaze,  with  steady  gaze, 

The  assembled  crowd  astonished  stare, 

Take  a  last  look  at  Gloucester's  Duke, 
Then  to  their  several  homes  repair. 

The  school  is  seen,§  so  neat  and  clean ; 

The  boys  and  girls  prepare  to  eat ; 
The  dinner  brought,  the  grace  is  thought,  || 

Who  would  not  relish  such  a  treat  ? 

The  meal  is  done,  the  clock  strikes  one, 

The  noble  party  onward  passed ; 
T'was  pleasure  all  at  Hundhill  Hall 

That  even,  but  it  was  the  last. 

The  noble  guest  awakes  from  rest, 

And  takes  his  leave  with  grief  so  true  ; 
The  coach  and  four  are  at  the  door 
.  Adieu,  Adieu,  Adieu,  Adieu ! " 

The  caJigraphy  of  the  original  MS  is  very  obscure,  and  al- 
though several  hiati  are  apparent,  the  rhyme  is  a  good  specimen 
of  the  Yorkshire  ballad. 

*  The  residence  of  Mrs.  Bland,  mother  of  T.  D.  Bland,  Esq.,  and  two  or 
three  unmarried  daughters.  It  was  said  that  she  had  been  kind  to  the  Duke 
when  he  was  a  young  officer  in  the  army,  hence  his  intimacy  with  the  family 
J.L.S. 

t  Ackworth  Church.  J  Rev.  W.  R.  Hay,  M.A. 

{  The  writer's  chronology  is  doubtful.  The  visit  to  Ackworth  8ehool  took 
place  on  Monday  morning,  the  festivities  on  Monday  evening,  and  the  depar- 
ture on  Tuesday  Morning. 

i|  After  the  manner  of  the  Quakers. 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LOBE.  25 

In  the  Ballad— "  The  History  of  Sir  John  Elland  of  Eland, 
and  his  Antagonists,"  given  in  "  Whitaker's  History  of  Leeds," 
one  Verse  has  been  omitted.  The  ballad  as  given  in  "  Watson's 
Halifax  "  consists  of  124  verses,  but  Whitaker  has  only  given 
128,  having  omitted  verse  no.  116  which  is  as  follows : — 

"  And  then  they  slew  him  out  of  hand, 

Dispatch'd  him  of  his  pain  ; 
The  late  death  of  their  Lord  Eland 

Inforced  them  certain." 

It  will  perhaps  be  as  well  to  give  the  115th  verse  in  order  to 
understand  the  above. 

"  When  Eland  men  returned  home 

Thro  Aneley  Wood  that  day, 
Then  they  found  Quarmby  laid  alone, 
Scarce  dead,  as  some  men  say." 

Batlbt.  W.  Colbeck  Dyson,  F.S.A.  (Scot). 

Witches  axd  Broomsticks  (vol.  1,  p.  2). — Perhaps  the  follow- 
ing remarks  will  not  be  unacceptable  to  your  correspondent : — 
The  notorious  besom  or  broomstick  is  an  instrument  in  the 
operations  of  witchcraft  common  to  all  the  Aryan  nations. 
According  to  the  "  Asiatic  Register,"  for  1801,  the  Eastern,  as 
well  as  the  European  witches,  "practice  (sic)  their  spells  by 
dancing  at  midnight,  and  the  principal  instrument  they  use  on 
such  occasions  is  a  broom."  It  is  regarded  as  "  a  type  of  the 
winds,  and  therefore  an  appropriate  utensil  in  the  hands  of  the 
witches,  who  are  wind  makers  and  workers  in  that  element." 
Traditions,  Superstitions,  and  Folk-Lore,  by  C.  Hardwick,  1872, 
p.  116.  F.  C.  Bibkbeck  Terry. 

Notes  on  Township  of  High  Abbotside,  (vol.  1,  p.  9). — The 
explanation  of  "  formel"  given  by  your  correspondent  is  incorrect. 
The  word  has  nothing  at  all  to  do  with  "  forward,"  but  is  from 
the  A.  8.  "fur-mtBl,"an  agreement,  a  treaty,  &c;  hence  the  verb 
means  to  bespeak,  order,  &c.  Again,  "  Scar  "  never  means  a 
"waterfall,"  but  a  rock  from  Icelandic  "sker,"  isolated  rook, 
and  is  cognate  with  "  share."  "  Sett "  has  nothing  to  do  with 
the  meaning  of  "  against,"  but  probably  means  "  seat,"  "  settle- 
ment," "  possession." 

It  may  be  as  well  to  mention  that  Hardraw  Force  was  frozen 
in  January,  1881,  an  event,  I  believe,  which  had  never  occured 
since  the  great  frost  of  1789-40.  F.  C.  Bibkbeck  Terry. 

Christmas  Observances  at  York  in  the  Olden  Time. — The 
ceremony  of  "  the  Sheriff's  riding  "  used  to  be  one  of  the  greatest 
observances  in  the  city  of  York,  but.  is  now  discontinued.  The 
riding  day  was  usually  on  Wednesday,  eight  days  after  Martin* 
mas,  but  they  were  not  strictly  tied  to  that  day;  any  day 
betwixt  Martinmas  and  Christmas  would  serve  for  the  ceremony. 


26  YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 

They  then  appeared  on  horseback,  apparelled  in  their  black 
gowns  and  velvet  tippets.  Their  horses  were  in  suitable  costume, 
and  each  sheriff  carried  a  white  wand  in  his  hand,  a  badge  of 
his  office,  and  there  was  a  servant  to  lead  his  horse,  who  also 
carried  a  gilded  truncheon.  Serjeants-at-mace,  attorneys,  and 
other  officers  of  their  court  then  came  on  horseback,  in  their 
gowns,  preceded  by  the  city  waits  in  their  scarlet  liveries  and 
silver  badges,  playing  all  the  way  through  the  streets,  one  of 
these  wearing  on  his  head  a  red  or  pink  tattered  cap  or 
badge.  They  then  went  at  the  toll  of  the  bell  to  Allhallows' 
Kirk,  in  the  Pavement,  to  hear  a  mass  of  St.  Thomas.  When 
the  mass  was  over,  they  made  a  proclamation  at  the  Pillory  of 
the  Yoole-Girthal  in  the  form  that  follows : — "  0  yes,  &c.  We 
command  in  our  liege  lord's  behalf,  the  King  of  England,  whom 
God  save  and  keep,  that  the  peace  of  the  King  be  well  kept 
within  this  city,  by  night  and  by  day,  with  all  manner  of  men 
both  gentle  and  simple,  &c.  Also  we  command  that  the  bakers 
of  the  city  bake  good  bread,  and  that  no  baker  nor  huckster 
put  to  sale  any  manner  of  bread,  unless  that  it  be  sealed  with  a 
seal  delivered  from  the  sheriffs,  also  that  the  brewers  of  the  city 
brew  good  ale  and  wholesome  for  man's  body,  &c.  Also  that 
all  manner  of  thieves,  diceplayers,  and  all  other  unthrifty  folks 
be  welcome  to  the  town,  whether  they  come  late  cr  early,  at  the 
reverence  of  the  high  feast  of  Yoole,  till  the  twelve  days  be 
passed.'*  After  this  proclamation,  the  four  sergeants  shall  go 
and  ride  whither  they  will,  and  one  of  them  shall  have  a  horn 
of  brass  of  the  Toolbooth,  and  the  other  three  sergeants  shall 
have  each  a  horn,  and  so  go  forth  to  the  four  Bars  of  the  city 
and  blow  the  Yoole -girth,  &c.  The  origin  of  this  custom  is  said 
to  be  as  follows  : — "  William  the  Conqueror  in  the  third  year 
of  his  reign  (on  St.  Thomas's  day)  laid  siege  to  the  city  of  York, 
but  finding  himself  unable  either  by  policy  or  strength  to  gain 
it,  raised  the  siege,  which  he  had  no  sooner  done,  but  by  acci- 
dent he  met  with  two  Fryers  at  a  place  called  Skelton  not  far 
from  York,  who,  being  examined,  told  him  they  belonged  to  a 
poor  Fryery  of  St.  Peter's  in  York,  and  had  been  to  seek  relief 
for  their  Fellows  and  themselves  against  Christmas,  the  one 
having  a  wallet  full  of  victuals  and  a  shoulder  of  mutton  in  his 
hand,  with  two  great  cakes  hanging  about  his  neck,  the  other 
having  bottles  of  ale  with  provisions  likewise  of  beef  and  mutton 
in  his  wallet.  The  King  knowing  their  poverty  and  condition 
thought  they  might  be  serviceable  to  him  towards  the  attaining 
York,  wherefore  (being  accompanied  by  Sir  George  Fothergill,* 
General  of  the  field,  a  Norman  baron),  he  gave  them  money  and 
promised  that  if  they  would  let  him  and  his  soldiers  into  their 
Priory  at  a  time  appointed  he  would  not  only  rebuild  their 

•  Who  ever  heard  of  General  Fothergill  before?  Where  has  the  writer  got 
his  information  ? 


YORKSHIRE    FOLKLORE.  27 

Priory,  but  endow  it  likewise  with  large  revenues  and  ample 
privileges.  The  Fryers  easily  consented  and  the  Conqueror  as 
soon  sent  back  his  army,  which  that  night,  according  to  agree- 
ment, were  let  into  the  Fryery  by  the  two  Fryers,  by  which  they 
immediately  made  themselves  masters  of  all  York,  after  which 
Sir  Robert  Clifford,  who  was  Governor  thereof,  was  so  far  from 
being  blamed  by  the  Conqueror  for  his  stout  defence  made  the 
preceding  days  that  he  was  highly  esteemed  and  rewarded  for 
his  valour,  being  created  Lord  Clifford,  and  there  knighted  with 
the  four  magistrates  then  in  office,  viz.  Howngate,  Talbott, 
Lassels,  and  Erringham.  The  arms  of  the  city  of  York  at  that 
time  were  Argent,  a  cross  Gules,  viz.  St.  George's  Cross.  The 
Conqueror  charged  the  cross  with  five  lions  passant  gardant  or 
in  memory  of  the  five  worthy  captains  magistrates  who  governed 
the  city  so  well  that  he  afterwards  made  Sir  Robert  Clifford 
governor  thereof  and  the  other  four  to  aid  him  in  counsel,  and 
the  better  to  keep  the  city  in  obedience  he  built  two  castles  and 
double  moated  them  about,  and  to  show  the  confidence  and 
trust  he  put  in  these  old  but  new  made  officers,  he  offered  them 
freely  to  ask  whatsoever  they  would  of  him  before  he  went,  and 
he  would  grant  their  request,  wherefore  they  (abominating  the 
treachery  of  the  two  Fryers  to  their  eternal  infamy)  desired  that 
on  8t.  Thomas's  day  for  ever  they  might  have  a  Fryer  of  the 
Priory  of  St.  Peter's  to  ride  through  the  city  on  horseback  with 
his  face  to  the  horse's  tail  and  that  in  his  hand  instead  of  a 
bridle  he  should  have  a  rope  and  in  the  other  a  shoulder  of 
mutton,  with  one  cake  hanging  on  his  back,  and  another  on  his 
breast,  with  his  face  painted  like  a  Jew,  and  the  youths  of  the 
city  to  ride  with  him,  and  to  cry  and  shout  ( Yoole !  Yoole ! ' 
with  the  officers  of  the  city  riding  before  and  making  proclam- 
ation that  on  this  day  the  city  was  betrayed.  Their  request 
was  granted  them,  which  custom  continued  till  the  dissolution 
of  the  said  Fryery  and  afterwards  in  imitation  of  the  same  the 
young  men  and  artizans  of  the  city  on  the  aforesaid  St. 
Thomas's  day  used  to  dress  up  one  of  their  companions  like 
the  Fryer  and  call  him  Yoole,  this  being  done  in  memory 
of  betraying  the   city   by   the    said  Fryers   to  William  the 

Conqueror."  

Thb  York  City  Waits. — On  the  1st  December,  1571,  it  was 
ordered  and  agreed  that  the  common  waits  of  the  city  of  York, 
"for  divers  good  causes  and  considerations,  shall  from  hence- 
forth use  and  keep  their  morning  watch  with  their  instruments 
accustomed,  every  day  in  the  week  except  only  Sundays,  and  in 
the  time  of  Christmas  only,  any  custom  or  usage  heretofore  had 
and  used  amongst  them,  or  others  before  them  to  the  contrary, 
notwithstanding."  But  on  the  2nd  of  February,  1770,  another 
order  was  made,  which  is  read  to  them  on  their  several  appoint- 
ments, as  follows : — "  You  shall  be  obedient  to  the  Lord  Mayor, 


28  YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 

or  his  Deputy  for  the  time  being,  and  shall  attend  and  play 
upon  such  musical  instruments  as  you  are  best  masters  of,  in 
all  service  of  the  Corporation  when  required  by  him  or  his 
Deputy.  You  shall  attend  the  Sheriffs  of  this  city  in  their  public 
oavalcade  to  read  the  proclamation  on  or  about  Martinmas,  as 
also  each  Sheriff,  on  the  day  he  makes  an  entertainment  for  the 
Lord  Mayor  and  Aldermen,  for  which  service  you  shall  receive 
from  each  Sheriff  one  guinea,  but  if  the  Sheriffs,  or  either  of 
them,  require  your  further  attendance  for  the  entertainment  of 
their  friends  after  the  aforesaid  days,  then  you  shall  be  paid  as 
such  service  may  deserve.  You  shall  call  the  city  from  the 
Monday  after  Martinmas  to  the  end  of  February,  that  is  every 
Monday,  Wednesday,  and  Friday  in  the  morning,  (Fast  dayB 
and  Christmas  week  excepted)/'  Thos.  Haxuy. 

Wassailing. — In  nearly  all  parts  of  Yorkshire,  the  week 
after  Christmas,  children  go  from  house  to  house  with  a  box 
containing  two  dolls,  one  to  represent  the  Virgin  Mary  and  the 
other  the  child  Jesus,  and  various  ornaments.  They  sing  the 
following  primitive  verses :  — 

Here  we  come  a  wassailing, 

Among  the  leaves  so  green ; 
Here  we  come  a  wandering, 

So  fair  to  be  seen. 

Uwrwt. — Love  and  joy  come  to  you, 
And  to  your  wassail  too ; 
And  God  send  you  a  happy  new  year ; 

A  new  year ; 
And  God  send  you  a  happy  new  year. 
Our  wassail  cup  is  made  of  the  rosemary  tree, 
So  is  your  beer  of  the  best  barley. 

We  are  not  daily  beggars 

That  beg  from  door  to  door, 
But  we  are  neighbours*  children, 

Whom  you  have  seen  before. 

Call  up  the  butler  of  this  house. 

Put  on  his  golden  ring ; 
Bid  him  bring  up  a  glass  of  beer, 

The  better  that  we  may  sing. 

We  have  got  a  little  purse, 
Made  of  shining  leather  skin ; 

We  want  a  little  of  your  money 
To  line  it  well  within. 

Bring  us  out  a  table, 

And  spread  the  table-cloth ; 
Bring  us  out  a  mouldy  cheese, 

And  some  of  your  Christmas  loaf. 


YORKSHIBE    FOLK-LOBE.  2fr 

God  bless  the  master  of  this  house, 

Likewise  the  mispress  too ; 
And  all  the  little  children, 

That  around  the  table  go. 

Good  master  and  mistress, 
While  you're  sitting  by  the  fire, 

Pray  think  of  us  poor  children 
Who  are  wandering  in  the  mire. 

[The  following  is  the  Chorus  in  Calderdale : 

For  it  is  at  Christmas  time 

Strangers  travel  far  and  near, 
So  God  bless  you,  and  send  you 

A  happy  now  year : 
So  God  bless  you,  and  send  you 

A  happy  new  year. 

The  Carol  was  formerly  sung  on  New  Year's  day  only,  and 
chiefly  by  girls,  who  carried  a  holly-bush  decorated  with  ribbons 
and  dolls,  and  having  apples  and  oranges  suspended  from  the 
branches.    The  jingle  ran  as  follows : 

d-r  m-f  s-m  r- 
s,  d-t,  d-m  r- 
r  m-r  d-t,  d-r  Da- 
rn r-t,  1,-t,  d.- 

Chorus— 1,-t,  d-d  d-1,  t,- 
d-1,  8,-fe,  s,-l,  t,- 
s,-l,  t,-m-r  d-1,- 
d  m-d-d-d- 
8,-1,  t,-m-r  d-1,- 
d  m-d-d-d.  ] 

Devil's  Knell. — At  Dewsbury,  Yorkshire,  it  is  the  custom 
to  toll  the  bells,  as  at  a  funeral,  every  Christmas  Eve,  which 
ringing  is  called  the  "  devil's  knell/'  meaning  that  the  devil 
died  when  Christ  was  born. 

Chkistmas  Customs. — Christmas  has  again  come  round  with 
its  accompanying  customs  and  feastings.  Some  of  its  customs 
we  of  high  antiquity,  and  very  generally  diffused.  It  will, 
perhaps,  not  be  out  of  place  to  record  them  as  we  find  them  in 
our  day.  The  history  of  each  custom  would  form  an  article  of 
itself,  so  we  must  confine  ourselves  to  a  bare  recital  of  them. 

Our  good  dames  of  the  olden  type  are  still  very  anxious  to 
stcnre  a  yule  log,  which  some  term  a  '  unionclog.'  The  word 
'yule'  leads  our  thoughts  back  to  days  of  heathenism,  and 
reminds  us  that  our  Christ's  Mass  is  founded  on  the  ancient 
heathen  yule  feast.  A  superstitious  notion  still  obtains,  that 
H  is  unlucky  to  light  a  fire  either  on  Christmas  or  New  Year's 


80  YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 

mornings.  Whilst  the  yule  log  is  blazing,  groups  of  young 
men,  and  sometimes  youpg  women,  (chiefly  composed  of 
Sunday  Scholars  or  Chapel  Choirs,)  sing  the  well-known 
Christmas  Hymn — 

"  Christians,  awake !  salute  the  happy  morn/' 
To  the  tune  called  '  Yorkshire.'     They  have  generally  a  bass, 
flute,   concertina,   or  harmonium,   to  play  the  prelude   and 
interlude — 

*  "  Tom,  torn,  the  roddi  diddi, 
Diddi  diddi,  hey  ow  om." 
The  local  brass  band  is,  of  course,  the  chief  musical  body,  and 
plays  the  same  tune. 

We  people  of  Brighouse  are  apt  to  think  that  this  hymn  and 
tune  is  common  over  the  wide  English  world,  and  nearly  as  old 
as  Christianity ;  but  the  contrary  is  the  fact.  By  five  o'clock 
in  the  morning,  the  night  carolling  has  mostly  subsided,  and 
young  boys  prowl  from  door  to  door  to  "let  Christmas  in," 
which  they  announce  in  the  following  strain : — 
"  I  wish  you  a  merry  Christmas, 

And  a  happy  New  Year, 
A  pocket  full  of  money, 

And  a  cellar  full  of  beer, 
And  a  great  fat  pig 
To  kill  every  year." 
For  these  good  wishes  they  expect  a  penny  or  a  half-penny. 
Sometimes  either  through  ignorance  or  desire  to  obtain  a  larger 
donation,  they  construe  this  nomeny  into — 
"  A  cellar  full  of  money, 

And  a  pocket  full  of  beer, 

And  two  fat  pigs 

To  kill  every  year." 

The  ridiculous  superstition  that  boys  with  black  hair  are  the 

lucky  ones,  still  clings  to  the  benighted  minds  of  some  persons. 

Breakfast  time  comes,  when  the  rich  Christmas  or  spice-cake 

is  brought  out.     The  carollers  and  musicians  pay  their  second 

visit,  not  merely  to  play  'Yorkshire,'  'The  Last  Wish/  and 

'  Hail,  Smiling  Morn,'  but  to  receive  cash,  bread,  cheese,  and 

beer,— the  last-named  article  to  such  an  extent,  sometimes,  as 

to  drive  both  music  and  devotion  out  of  their  soul.    Breakfast 

being  finished,  the  male  part  of  the  family  adjourn  to  the  lanes, 

fields,  and  ponds,  to  divert  themselves  with  the  bracing  games 

of  foot-ball,  skating,  sliding,  &c;  whilst  within,  the  good  ladies 

are  busily  preparing  dinner— Christmas  dinner,  remember  !— 

such  fare  as  only  comes  once  a  year,— prime  roast  beef,  or  it 

*  Key  D.    m.  s.  f.  m.      I  r.  rr.  r.m.  f.r.      I  m.  m.m.  m.  r.  m.f. 

|  Tom  torn  |  Tom  torn 

a.  8.8.  s.  1.  t.  d\      j  d.  d.  d.  d.  r.  m.  f.  I  8. 1.  s.  f.  m.  r.  d. 

Tom  torn  |  Tom  torn  |  Biddy  Diddy 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE.  31 

may  be  goose,  turkey,  &c,  &c,  and  the  jolly-looking  plum 
padding,  and  other  et  cetera*  too  numerous  to  mention.  Dinner 
over,  oat-door  games  are  resumed,  or  families  gather  round 
their  respective  hearths,  and  spend  the  afternoon  in  pleasant 
conversation.  Christmas  is  especially  the  season  of  family 
gatherings, — when  the  absent  ones  join  their  family  circle,  to 
spend  a  "  merry  Christmas  "  at  home.  Evening  brings  with  it 
an  abundance  of  public  and  private  parties,  with  their  varied 
attractions,  from  the  gay  ball  to  the  little  '  toffy '  party.  This 
is  the  time  for  in-door  enjoyments,  and  this  evening  is  perhaps 
the  most  enjoyable  one  of  the  year.  During  the  day,  deputies 
from  the  various  trades  solicit  Christmas  boxes  (though  they 
are  not  particular  about  the  box,  now-a-days,  if  they  only  get 
the  money)  from  the  firms  with  whom  their  firm  does  business. 
These  deputies  visit  the  neighbouring  towns,  and  divide  the 
proceeds  on  their  return. 

St.  Thomas'  Day  ( 21st  December)  was  till  recently  the  great 
alms-giving  day,  and  a  few  years  ago  each  boy  and  girl  that 
went  to  Crow  Nest,  Toothill,  &c,  received  a  penny. 

The  last  evening  of  the  year  is  devoted  to  mumming,  or 
disguising,  but  its  devotees  claim  a  few  nights  before  and  after 
the  chief  night.  Boys,  and  even  young  men  and  women,  dis- 
guise themselves,  blacken  their  faces,  or  wear  grotesque  masks, 
dress  in  the  costume  of  the  opposite  sex,  and  obtain  admittance 
to  houses  mostly  by  deception.  Having  entered,  they  *  play  the 
nigger,'  sing  and  dance ;  but  formerly  they  cleaned  the  fireirons 
and  fender.  The  fire  must  be  kept  in,  particularly  through  the 
last  night  of  the  year.  "  Letting  the  New  Year  in,"  or  the 
"first  foot,"  as  the  Scotch  term  it,  is  of  more  importance  than 
Christmas  day  with  many  old  ladies.  It  has  become  common 
at  some  chapels  to  hold  a  *  watch  night/  or  prayer  meeting,  at 
12  p.m.,  December  81st.  The  old  people  have  long  been  ac- 
customed to  sit  up  and  see  the  New  Year  in. 

New  Year's  Day  is  the  proper  day  for  the  Wassailers,  chiefly 
girls,  who  sing  the  ancient  ballad — 

44  Here  we  come  a-wassailing 
Among  the  leaves  so  green," 
or  as  some  say,  4  amongst  the  Lucy  Green ! '  They,  like  the 
mummers,  see  the  disadvantage  of  coming  last  for  the  money ; 
bo  they  have  recently  begun  on  Christmas  Day,  and  had  a  week's 
carolling.  The  decorated  holly-bush  has  degenerated  into  a 
decorated  herring  box. 

Motheb  Shipton. — "  Carriages  shall  go  without  horses,"  was 
quoted  as  an  old  prophecy  of  Mother  Shipton's  when  I  was  a 
child,  long  before  the  Brighton  Bookseller  published  his  fabri- 
cation ;  and  even  then  it  was  a  prophecy  after  the  fact,  the 
Manchester  and  Liverpool  railway  having  just  been  .opened.    I 


32  YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 

have  had  a  copy  made  of  the  prophecy  preserved  in  the  Percy 
family,  and  referred  to  as  by  Mother  S.  but  it  neither  bears  her 
name,  nor  has  any  connection  with  her.  I.B. 

MOTHER    ShIPTON'8   LlFE    AND    CURIOUS    PROPHECIES. — VarioUS 

have  been  the  conjectures  of  mankind  in  this  part  of  the  world 
concerning  our  famous  prophetess.  Some  have  reported  her 
father  was  a  famous  necromancer,  and  her  mother  a  witch,  so 
she  had  the  Black  Art  by  succession ;  others,  of  a  more  exalted 
turn,  pretend  that  her  mother,  being  left  an  orphan  about  the 
age  of  sixteen,  took  a  walk  into  the  fields,  and  sitting  down 
upon  a  green  bank,  under  a  shade,  to  soothe  her  melancholy,  & 
Demon,  in  the  shape  of  a  handsome  young  man,  appeared  before 
her,  and  enquired  the  cause  of  her  distress  ;  she  answered  him 
her  parents  and  friends  were  dead,  and  she  despaired  of  a  live- 
lihood, upon  which,  under  a  pretence  of  being  a  person  of  figure 
and  fortune,  he  gave  her  to  understand,  if  she  would  comply 
with  his  desires,  he  would  preserve  her  above  the  reach  of  want 
as  long  as  she  lived ;  she  readily  consented,  received  him 
into  her  apartment,  and  entertained  him  as  a  gallant ;  in  return, 
he  bid  her  sweep  the  floor  once  every  day  after  his  departure ; 
she  punctually  observed  his  directions ;  and  nover  failed  finding 
a  quantity  of  ninepences,  three  pences,  and  other  odd  kind  of 
pieces  sufficient  for  all  her  occasions.  At  length  the  embraces 
of  her  infernal  gallant  produced  a  pregnancy,  and  at  the  time  of 
her  delivery,  such  a  terrible  storm  of  thunder  and  lightning  ap- 
peared, that  houses  were  beat  down,  trees  shattered,  and  the 
very  features  of  the  child  were  so  warped  and  distorted,  that  it 
appeared  the  very  masterpiece  of  deformity. 

But  these,  and  many  other  reports  of  the  like  nature,  are  as 
romantic  as  the  fabulous  intrigues  of  the  Heathen  Gods  and 
Goddesses.  The  genuine  account  is,  she  was  born  in  July,  1488, 
in  the  reign  of  King  Henry  7th,  near  Enaresborough  in  the 
County  of  York ;  she  was,  like  the  rest  of  female  infants,  her 
mother's  daughter  by  a  man ;  and  was  baptized  by  the  Abbott 
of  Beverley  by  the  name  of  Ursula  Sonthiel ;  her  stature  was 
larger  than  common,  her  body  crooked,  her  face  frightful,  but 
her  understanding  extraordinary.  The  vulgar  relations  of  her 
life  and  actions  are  equally  extravagant  with  those  of  her  birth 
before-mentioned,  but  as  those  legends  are  so  ridiculous  and 
trifling,  the  ingenious  reader  will  excuse  us  if  we  pass  'em  by, 
and  proceed  to  more  probable  and  authentic  information. 

'Tis  generally  held  by  most  of  the  first  quality  and  best  judg- 
ment in  the  County,  that  she  was  a  person  of  an  ordinary 
education,  but  great  piety;  and  that  she  was  supernaturally 
endowed  with  an  uncommon  penetration  into  things,  for  which 
she  became  so  famous,  in  time,  that  great  numbers  of  all  ranks 
and  degrees  resorted  to  her  habitation  to  hear  her  wonderful 
discoveries. 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE.  88 

We  find  nothing  particularly  remarkable  of  her  until  she  ar- 
rived at  the  age  of  twenty  four  years,  when  she  was  courted  by 
one  Toby  Shipton,  a  Builder,  of  Skiptan,  a  village  situate  four 
miles  north  of  the  City  of  York,  who  soon  after  married  her ; 
and  from  this  match  she  afterwards  derived  the  name  of  Mother 
Shipton.  After  her  marriage  her  fame  increased  more  than 
ever ;  the  events  proved  the  truth  of  her  Predictions,  and  many 
began  to  commit  them  to  writing. 

The  first  remarkable  Prophecy  recorded  of  her's  is  that  upon 
Cardinal  WoUey ;  the  story  runs  as  follows. .  She  was  told  the 
Cardinal  intended  to  remove  his  residence  to  York  (that  being 
his  Archbishoprick),  upon  which  she  publickly  gave  out  "he 
should  never  reach  the  city/1  This  report  coming  to  the  Cardi- 
nal's ear,  he  sent  three  gentlemen,  or  lords  of  his  retinue  to  her 
to  enquire  the  truth  of  it,  and  to  menace  her  if  she  persisted  in 
it.  These  three  came  disguised  to  a  village,  a  mile  west  of  the 
eity,  called  Dring  Houses,  and  leaving  their  horses  they  took  a 


From  an  old  Mother  Shipton  Chap-book, 
guide  to  direct  them  to  her  house ;  upon  their  knocking  at  the 
door  'tis  said  she  called  out  from  within,  "  Come  in  Mr.  Beasly 
(that  being  the  name  of  the  guide)  and  the  three  noble  Lords 
with  you."  This  discovery  very  much  surprised  them;  but 
when  they  were  enter'd  she  called  each  by  his  name,  and  pre* 
sented  'em  with  cake  and  ale.  They  signified  to  her,  if  she  knew 
their  errand  she  would  hardly  treat  'em  so  handsomely.  "  You 
gave  out,"  say  they,  "  the  Cardinal  should  never  see  York." 
"No,"  she  replies,  "I  said  he  might  see  it,  but  never  come  to  it." 
They  return,  "  When  he  does  come  he'll  certainly  burn  thee." 
Then,  taking  her  linen  handkerchief  off  her  head,  "  If  this  burn," 
says  she,  '<  so  shall  I ;"  and  casting  it  into  the  fire  before  'em, 
she  let  it  lie  in  the  flames  a  quarter  of  an  hour  and  taking  it 
out  again  it  was  not  so  much  as  singed ;  which  very  much 
astonished  'em.  One  of  them  asked  her  what  she  thought  of 
him;  she  answered  " The  time  will  come,  my  Lord,  when  you 

Y.F-L.  D 


84  YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 

shall  be  as  low  as  I  am,  and  that  is  low  indeed."  This  was 
judged  to  be  verified  when  Thomas  Lord  Cromwell  was  beheaded. 

The  Cardinal  coming  to  C  a  wood,  ascended  the  Castle  Tower, 
and  taking  a  prospect  of  the  city  of  York,  at  eight  miles 
distance,  he  vowed,  when  he  came  there  he  would  burn  the 
Witch;  but  e'er  he  descended  the  stairs,  a  message  arrived 
from  the  King  to  demand  his  presence  forthwith;  so  he  was 
obliged  to  return  directly,  and  being  taken  with  a  violent  loose- 
ness at  Leicester,  he  gave  up  the  ghost  in  his  journey,  which 
verified  the  prophecy. 

Several  others  she  delivered  to  different  persons,  one  of 
which  was : — 

"Before  *Ouze-Bridge  and  Trinity  Church  meet,  what  is  built 
in  the  day  shall  fall  in  the  night,  till  the  highest  stone  in  the 
Church  be  the  lowest  stone  of  the  Bridge." 

This  came  to  pass ;  for  the  Steeple  was  blown  down  by  a 
tempest,  and  the  Bridge  broke  down  by  a  flood  occasioned  by 
the  storm ;  and  how  it  came  to  pass  we  can't  learn,  that  what 
they  built  in  the  day  fell  down  in  the  night ;  but  'tis  generally 
asserted  it  was  so ;  and  it  is  certain  that  the  top-stone  of  the 
former  Steeple  is  the  foundation  stone  of  that  part  of  the 
Bridge  then  rebuilt.  The  second  of  this  kind  runs  thus:  "Time 
shall  happen ;  a  ship  shall  sail  upon  the  river  Thames,  till  it 
reach  the  city  of  London,  the  master  shall  weep  and  cry  out, 
Ah !  what  a  flourishing  city  was  this  when  I  left  it,  unequalled 
through  the  world !  but  now  scarce  a  house  is  left  to  entertain 
us  with  a  Flaggon."  This  was  terribly  verified  when  the  city 
was  burnt,  September,  1666,  there  being  not  one  house  left 
from  the  Tower  to  the  Temple. 

We  now  come  to  the  prophecies  that  occasioned  this  publi- 
cation, and  which  appear  far  to  exceed  everything  of  the  like 
nature  extant. 

A  copy  of  them  was  lately  found  amongst  other  valuable 
manuscripts  the  property  of  a  gentleman  deceased,  with  this 
title — "  A  copy  of  a  collection  of  prophecies  delivered  to  the 
Abbot  of  Beverley,  etc." 

The  greatest  part  of  what  has  been  hitherto  published  under 
the  title  of  "  Mother  Shipton's  Prophecies,"  plainly  appears  to 
be  no  more  than  imperfect  bits  and  scraps  of  this  collection, 
carried  away,  perhaps,  in  the  memory  of  such,  as  might  some- 
time have  the  opportunity  of  seeing  it  in  the  noble  family  where 
it  was  deposited.  The  whole  seems  entirely  to  point  at  the 
great  events  that  already  have  happened  and  yet  may  happen 
to  both  Church  and  State  in  this  and  the  neighbouring  nations. 

Explanation  of  the  different  prophecies — 

The  first  thirty  verses  seem  to  relate  to  the  disasters  thai 
should  befal  great  part  of  Europe,  during  the  time  of  King 

*  A  large  stone  Bridge  over  the  River  Ouse,  within  the  city  of  York. 


Y0RE8HIRE    FOLK  LORE.  35 

Henry  8th,  for  the  29th  and  80th  verses  terminate  in  his  reign, 
and  are  the  last  wherein  that  reign  can  be  understood  to  be 
hinted  at. 
Verse  29. — "  And  when  the  cow  shall  ride  the  bull." 
This  seems  to  have  been  fulfilled  when  Henry  8th  married 
Lady  Anna  Bullen  ;  for  he,  as  Duke  of  Richmond,  placed  the 
cow  in  his  arms,  and  the  crest  of  her  family  was  a  black  bull's 
head. 
Verse  80. — "  Then  motley  priest  beware  thy  skull." 
Presently  after  the  king's  marriage,  the  seizure  of  Abbey 
Lands,  etc.,  and  the  dissolution  of  monasteries  ensued ;  where- 
by the  skull  or  head-piece  of  the  priesthood  (i.  e.  gain)  was 
miserably  broken. 
Verse  81. — "  For  a  sweet  pious  prince  make  room." 
By  this,  doubtless,  is  meant  King  Edward  VI.,  a  part  of 
whose  character  is  thus  given  by  the  learned  Dean  Echard,  in 
his  History  of  England ;  "  He  was  truly  just  and  merciful  in 
his  disposition ;  and  took  special  care  of  the  petitions  that  were 
given  him  by  the  poor  and  oppressed.    But  his  zeal  for  religion 
crowned  all  .the  rest;  which  did  not  proceed  from  an  angry 
heat,  but  from  a  real  tenderness  of  conscience,  founded  on  the 
love  of  God,  and  his  fellow  creatures." 
Verse  82. — "And  for  the  *Kirk  prepare  a  broom." 
This  alludes  to  the  beginning  of  the  reformation;   when 
many  superstitions  were  swept  out  of  the  Church. 
Verse  88. — "  Alecto  next  shall  seize  the  crown." 
Alecto  was  one  of  the  fabulous  furies  of  the  heathen  ;  whose 
employment  was  to  kindle  war  and  distress  mankind.     She  is 
here  placed  for  Queen  Mary  I.,  in  whose  reign,  as  alluded 
to  in  the   84th  verse,  the  blood  of  the  glorious  Protestant 
Martyrs  was  plentifully  shed  in  Smithfield. 
Verses  85  &  86. — "A  maiden  Queen,  full  many  a  year, 

Shall  England's  warlike  scepter  bear." 
By  these  are  meant  Queen  Elizabeth,  who  reigned  44  years, 
4  months  and  6  days,  upon  whom  Andrew  Marvel  has  left  the 
following  lines : — 

"  The  other  day,  said  Spencer,  I  did  bring, 
In  lofty  notes  Tudor's  bless'd  race  to  sing ; 
How  Spain's  proud  powers  her  Virgin  Arms  controulTd, 
And  golden  days  in  peaceful  order  rolTd ; 
How  like  ripe  fruit,  she  dropp'd  from  off  her  throne, 
Full  of  grey  hairs,  good  deeds,  and  great  renown." 
Verses  87  &  88.—"  The  Western  Monarch's  Wooden  Horses 
shall  be  destroyed  by  a  Drake's  forces." 

The  Western  Monarch  is  supposed  to  mean  the  King  of 
Spain,  whose  country  lies  on  the  west-side  of  the  Continent, 
and   his  Wooden   Horses,   his    fleet    of   ships,    or  Armada, 

#  A  North-country  word  for  Church 


86  YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 

vanquished  by  the  brave  Admiral  Drake  and  the  rest  of  the 
Queen's  forces,  in  the  year  1588. 
Verses  89  &  40. — "  The  Northern  Lion  over  Tweed, 

The  Maiden  Queen  shall  next  succeed." 
The  Northern  Lion ;  i.  e.,  King  James  I.,  born  in  Scotland. 
A  Lion  is  the  principal  figure  in  the  British  Arms;  whence 
the  King,  as  the  principal  person  in  the  realm,  metaphorically 
takes  the  name. 

Verses  41  &  42. — "  And  join  in  one,  two  mighty  states, 

Then  shall  Janus  shut  his  gates." 
The  first  bears  an  allusion  to  the  uniting  of  the  two  Crowns 
of  England  and  Scotland  in  one,  in  the  person  of  King  James. 
And  the  second  points  out  the  peaceful  reign  of  that  Monarch, 
by  shutting  the  gates  of  Janus ;  who  was  one  of  the  Hehthen 
Gods,  and  the  gates  of  whose  temple  were  never  shut  but  in 
time  of  peace. 

Verses  43  and  44  seem  to  hint  at  some  great  calamities  that 
should  befall  this  nation  before  the  deposition  of  Episcopacy,  in 
the  reign  of  the  Republican  Anarchy,  under  the  usurper  Oliver 
Cromwell. 
Verses  46  &  46. — "  False  Ireland  contrives  our  woe, 

But  zealous  Scotland  .doth  not  so." 
Doubtless  these  intended  the  execrable  massacre  in  Ireland 
in  the  reign  of  King  Charles  I,  and  the  loyalty  of  the  Scotch  in 
not  joining  the  Irish  rebels  but  suffering  with  the  English. 
Verses  47,  48,  49  and  50— 

"  Bough  Mars  shall  rage  as  he  were  *woo'd, 
And  earth  shall  dark'ned  be  with  blood. 
Then  will  be  sacrificed,  C 
And  not  a  King  in  England  be." 
This  was  verified  in  the  time  of  the  grand  rebellion,  and 
most  unnatural  civil  war,   when  the  nation    was   torn  and 
pillag'd,  the  laws  broken,  the  constitution  overturned,  the  king 
and  monarchy  most  execrably  slain  together. 
Verses  51,  52,  58  and  54— 

"  But  death  shall  snatch  the  Wolf  away, 
Confusion  shall  give  up  the  sway, 
And  fate  to  England  shall  restore 
A  King  to  reign  as  heretofore." 
If  we  can  guess  right,  the  first  of  these  verses  alludes  to  the 
death  of  the  usurper  Oliver  Cromwell,  who  is  very  properly 
depicted  as  a  Wolf,  and  the  other  three  to  the  restoration  of 
King  Charles  the  Second. 
Verses  55  <fe  56. — "  Triumphant  death  rides  London  thro*, 

And  men  on  tops  of  houses  go." 
The  first,  in  all  appearance,  points  out  the  terrible  plague 
that  raged  in  London,  a.d.  1665.     The  second  circumstantially 

*Mnd. 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE.  87 

alludes  to  the  fire  in  the  year  following ;  signifying  that  people 
should  be  obliged  to  run  from  one  house  to  another,  over  the 
tops  of  the  houses,  to  save  themselves,  and  all  their  effects. 

Verse  57. — "  J.  R.  shall  into  saddle  slide." 

J.  B.,  t.  «.,  James  Bex,  or  King  James  2nd,  who  ascended 
the  throne  upon  the  death  of  King  Charles  II. 

Verse  58. — "  And  furiously  to  Borne  shall  ride." 

Scarcely  was  he  seated  Upon  the  throne  before  he  went  to  Mass 
publickly;  and  by  pursuing  imprudent  and  illegal  measures, 
was  the  cause  of  the  verification  of  Verses  69  and  60 — 
"  The  Pope  shall  have  a  fatal  fall, 
And  never  more  distress  Whitehall." 

His  mis-government  led  to  his  abdication,  and  his  son-in- 
law  King  William,  and  Queen  Mary  II,  were  placed  upon  his 
throne. 

Verse  61. — "  A  Queen  shall  knit  both  north  and  south." 

This  seems  to  refer  to  the  union  of  England  and  Scotland  in 
the  reign  of  Queen  Anne. 

Verse  62.— "And  take  away  the  Luce's  tooth." 

This  likewise  seems  to  relate  to  her  extraordinary  victories 
over  Lewis  14th,  King  of  France ;  who,  we  judge,  is  intended 
here  by  the  Luce,  which  by  way  of  allusion,  might  here  be  put 
for  Fleur  de  luce ;  the  arms  of  that  monarchy. 

Verses  68  &  64. — "  A  Lion-Duce  shall  after  reign 

And  of  the  whiskers  clear  the  main. 

What  is  meant  by  the  Lion  Duce  may  be  matter  of  amuse- 
ment to  the  curious ;  but  as  the  word  Duce  sometimes  represents 
the  number  two,  so  two  in  this  ambiguous  phrase  may  intend 
the  familiar  word  second ;  and  our  present  gracious  sovereign* 
being  the  second  Lion  (or  English  Monarch)  of  his  name,  it  is 
far  from  being  unlikely  that  he  may  be  the  Prince  here  pointed 
out  who  shall  clear  the  main  of  the  whiskers,  which  is  a 
northern  term  for  mustachioes,  and  doubtless  alludes  to  the 
Spanish,  whose  fashion  it  has  been  for  many  centuries  past  to 
wear  them.  But  as  this  appears  to  relate  to  the  present  age, 
we  leave  it  to  the  skilful  and  ingenious. 

Whether  the  prophecy  of  the  Lilly  be  Mother  Shipton's  or 
no,  we  can't  certainly  determine,  but  as  it  has  been  attributed 
to  her,  and  is  writ  in  a  peculiar  sublimity  of  sense  and  style, 
we  think  it  would  be  very  improper  to  omit  it. 

It  runs  as  follows :  A  curious  Prophecy. — The  Lilly  6hall  re- 
main in  a  merry  world;  and  he  shall  be  moved  against  the 
seed  of  the  Lion  ;  and  he  shall  stand  on  one  side  of  his  country 
with  a  number  of  ships.  Then  shall  come  the  son  of  man,  having 
a  fierce  Beast  in  his  arms ;  whose  kingdom  is  the  land  of  the 
Moon,  which  is  dreaded  throughout  the  whole  world.     With  a 

*  The  explanation  of  the  above  verse  was  taken  from  an  edition  of  Mother 
Bhipton'g  Prophecies  printed  in  the  reign  of  King  George  the  Second. 


88  YORKSHIRE    FOLKLORE. 

number  of  people  shall  he  pass  many  waters  and  shall  come  to 
the  Land  of  the  Lion,  looking  for  help  of  the  Beast  of  his 
country.  And  an  eagle  shall  come  out  of  the  East,  spread  with 
the  Beams  of  the  Son  of  Man,  and  shall  destroy  Castles  of  the 
Thames ;  and  there  shall  be  battles  among  many  kingdoms : 
that  year  shall  be  the  bloody  field,  and  Lilly,  F.  K.  shall  lose 
his  crown ;   and  therewith  shall  be  crowned  the  son  of  man 

K.  W.  and  the  fourth  year  shall  be  many  battles  for  the 

and  the  Son  of  Man  with  the  Eagle  shall  be  preferred,  and 
there  shall  be  an  universal  peace  over  the  whole  world,  and 
there  shall  be  plenty  of  fruits,  and  then  shall  he  go  to  the 
land  of  the  cross. 

-  Whether  the  accomplishment  of  the  above  prophecy  be  past 
or  to  come,  we  cannot  ascertain.  It  appears  to  be  very  deep  and 
mysterious;  we  therefore  leave  it  to  persons  of  profounder 
penetration  and  superior  judgment. 

We  are  informed,  the  last  prediction  of  our  famous  prophetess 
was  concerning  the  time  of  her  own  death ;  which  'tis  said,  she 
declared  to  several  who  visited  her  in  her  advanced  age  ;  and 
when  the  time  approached,  she  called  her  friends  together, 
advised  them  well,  and  took  a  solemn  leave  of  them,  and  laying 
herself  down  on  her  bed,  she  departed  with  much  serenity, 
a.  d.  1651,  being  upwards  of  seventy  years  of  age;  after  her 
death  a  monument  of  stone  was  erected  to  her  memory  in 
the  high  north-road  betwixt  the  villages  of  Clifton  and  Shipton, 
about  a  mile  distant  from  the  city  of  York.  The  monument 
represents  a  woman  upon  her  knees,  with  her  hands  closed 
before  her,  in  a  praying  posture,  and  stands  there  to  be  seen 
to  this  day.  I.  B. 

o 

Bolling  Hall  and  its  Ghost. — For  fully  five  hundred  years 
the  storm-beaten  walls  of  this  fine  old  mansion  have  withstood 
the  ravages  of  time,  and  to  day  the  ancient  fabric  is  in  a 
wonderful  state  of  good  preservation,  such  as  few  of  the  monu- 
ments of  feudal  times  in  Yorkshire  can  boast.  The  architecture 
of  the  south  part  of  the  Hall  may  be  taken  as  fairly  represent- 
ative of  the  different  periods  of  its  history.  It  would  seem  to 
have  been  the  work  of  at  least  four  separate  builders,  the  two 
ancient  wings  taking  us  back  to  the  time  of  the  Boilings, 
while  the  central  portion,  with  its  deeply  embayed  windows, 
and  large  central  window  of  three  tiers,  unmistakeably  tells  of 
the  Tudor  period— when  the  Tempests  came  in— which  brought 
with  it  a  more  luxurious  and  domesticated  order  of  things. 
The  modern  mercantile  period  is  but  too  faithfully  written  in 
that  piece  of  vandalism,  the  bay  window  next  to  the  entrance 
tower.  Our  copper-plate  illustration,*  which  shows  the  south- 
front  of  the  hall,  happily  does  not  perpetuate  this  hideous 

#  Part  2. 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 


89 


distortion.  Of  the  very  few  historic  relics  of  which  Bradford 
can  boast,  Boiling  Hall  is,  next  to  the  Parish  Church,  the 
most  interesting.  It  is  a  spot  "  familiar  with  forgotten  years/' 
and  the  history  of  "  olden  times  "  is  written  in  its  very  walls. 
The  present  owners  have  done  everything  to  render  it  con- 
venient and  comfortable  as  a  place  of  residence  without 
sacrificing  its  ancient  aspect,  and  the  hnll  is  bo  leas  fortunate 
in  its  present  occupant,  Mr.  James  M.  Tankard,  who  is  proud 
of  the  place,  and  sparea  no  pains  in  sustaining  its  ancient 
character  and  reputation. 


Boiling  Hail,— NoUk  View. 

large  central  hall  has  been  furnished  by  Mr.  Tankard 
with  curious  old  oak  furniture,  which  is  in  keeping  with  the 
old  oak  balcony  on  the  northern  side  of  the  room,  and  the 
wainscotting  and  cornice,  which  are  also  of  black  oak. 

This  noble  apartment  possesses  many  features  of  attraction, 
among  which  may  be  mentioned  its  fine  central  window  looking 
on  to  the  lawn,  its  collection  of  ancient  relic3  in  the  shape  of 
crossbows,  pikes,  helmets,  mail-shirts,  battle  axes,  and  other 
implements  of  warfare,  and  its  portraits  of  warriors  clad  in 
armour,  ladies  in  Elizabethan  costume,  feudal  lords  and 
titled  gentry.     Worthy  of  special  mention  among  these  are  the 

Srtraits  of  General  Fairfax,  Prince  Rupert,  Mary  Queen  of 
sots,  Sir  Francis  Gresham,  and  Sir  Charles  Lucas. 
The  view  from  the  top  of  the  old  western  tower  amply  repays 
thS  scramble  up  its  narrow,  winding  staircase.  Here  is 
abundant  scope  for  drawing  pretty  largely  upon  one's  imagin- 
ation, and  painting  no  end  of  fancy  pictures.  History  tells  us 
of  a  far-off  time  when  Boiling  Hall  was  surrounded  by  a  wall 


40  YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 

and  a  moat  for  purposes  of  defence,  when  men  loved  the 
dangers  and  excitements  of  war  rather  than  the  refining  in- 
fluences of  peace  and  civilization.  It  also  tells  of  a  more 
recent  period,  when  it  was  encompassed  by  an  extensive  park, 
well  wooded  and  stocked  with  deer.  The  wall,  the  moat  and 
the  deer  have  long  since  disappeared,  but  a  portion  of  the 
park  has  been  recently  restored,  and  set  apart  for  the  benefit 
of  a  toiling,  industrious  population,  who  resort  hither  in 
search  of  that  "  breath  of  unadulterated  air  "  which  they  can- 
not find  in  the  streets  and  workshops  where  they  spend  their 
lives. 

It  does  not  fall  within  the  scope  of  the  present  sketch  to 
trace  the  history  of  Boiling  Hall.  Indeed,  this  has  been 
already  done,  (though  not  so  fully  as  we  could  wish,)  by  Mr. 
James,  in  his  History  of  Bradford.  We  are  now  only  concerned 
with  the  traditional, — the  folk-lore  association  of  this  fine  old 
mansion,  and  fortunately  it  is  not  lacking  in  this  respect.  It 
has  its  ghost  story,  as  a  house  of  such  antiquity  and  import- 
ance ought  to  have.  Thanks  to  that  best  of  local  chroniclers, 
Joseph  Lister,  we  can  tell  the  tale  of  it  with  all  the  gravity 
and  mystery  which  every  good  ghost  story  demands. 

It  was  after  the  battle  on  Adwalton  moor,  at  which  the 
Roundheads  had  met  with  a  sad  defeat,  that  the  Earl  of  New- 
castle, the  Royalist  Commander,  turned  his  face  towards 
Bradford,  and  taking  up  his  quarters  at  Boiling  Hall,  began 
what  is  known  as  the  second  siege  of  Bradford.  The  command- 
ing position  of  this  spot  doubtless  attracted  the  military  eye  of 
the  Earl,  and  from  this  standpoint  he  at  once  set  about  invest- 
ing the  town.  He  took  three  or  five  days  in  doing  this, 
although  there  were  no  batteries  to  raise,  as  the  hills  surround- 
ing Bradford  were  near  enough  to  render  such  unnecessary. 
He  placed  his  guns  in  two  positions,  and  opened  a  heavy  fire 
which  was  returned  by  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax,  who  was  defending 
the  town,  with  volleys  of  musketry.  But  this  time  the  odds 
were  sadly  against  the  Bradfordians,  brave  fighting  men  though 
they  were.  Reduced  to  the  extremity  of  possessing  only  one 
barrel  of  powder,  but  no  match,  Sir  Thomas  saw  that  he  must 
either  cut  his  way  through  the  Royalists,  or  surrender  with  the 
town.  He  adopted  the  former  course,  and  by  this  step  all  hope 
of  saving  Bradford  from  falling  into  the  hands  of  the  enemy 
was  abandoned. 

41  Oh !  what  a  night  and  morning  was  that  in  which  Bradford 
was  taken,"  says  Joseph  Lister,  "  what  weeping  and  wringing 
of  hands — none  expecting  to  live  any  longer  than  till  the 
enemy  came  into  the  town;  the  Earl  of  Newcastle  having 
charged  his  men  to  kill  all,  man,  woman  and  child,  in  the 
town,  and  to  give  them  all  Bradford  quarter,  for  the  brave 
Earl  of  Newport's  sake,  (who  was  said  to  have  been  barbarously 


YORKSHIRE    FOLKLORE. 


41 


slain  here  daring  the  first  siege.)  However,  God  so  ordered  it, 
that  before  the  town  was  taken,  the  Earl  gave  a  different  order, 
viz — "  that  quarter  should  be  given  to  all  the  townsmen." 

And  then  the 
narrative  goes  on 
to  tell  how  it 
came  about  that 
the  Earl  had  so 
suddenly  changed 
his  mind.  While 
he  was  sleeping  in 
one  of  the  rooms 
of  the  hall, (known 
as  "the  ghost 
room'1  unto  this 
day,)  on  the  eve 
of  the  day  that 
was  to  witness  the 
destruction  of  the 
town,  a  lady  in 
white  appeared, 
pulled  the  clothes 
off  his  bed  several 
times,  and  cried 
out  with  a  lament- 
able voice,  "  Pity 
poor  Bradford ! " 
on  which  he  sent 
out  his  orders 
that  neither  man, 
woman,  nor  child, 
should  be  killed  in 
the  town,  where- 
upon the  appa- 
rition which  had 
so  disturbed  his 
slumbers  left  him 
and  went  away. 

Of  course,  in 
these  days  of 
science,  lectures, 
and  Board  Schools,  a  story  like  this  has  not  the  ghost  of  a 
chance  of  gaining  credence,  hence  some  will  have  it  that  in  the 
carousals  of  the  soldiers,  in  anticipation  of  the  carnage  that  was 
to  take  place  on  the  following  day,  the  wine  had  flowed  a  little 
too  freely,  and  that  the  Earl,  in  a  restless,  broken  sleep  had 
conjured  up  some  weird,  unearthly  shape  in  his  dreams,  which 
in  a  superstitious  age,  would  readily  be  taken  as  some  spectre 


Facsimile  of  an  old  print. 


42  YORKSHIRE    FOLKLORE. 

from  the  spirit  land.*  Others  again,  have  gone  the  length  of 
regarding  it  as  the  clever  performance  of  some  brave  Bradford 
lass,  who,  afraid  lest  anything  should  happen  her  relatives,  or 
perhaps  her  lover,  boldly  assumed  this  ghostly  guise  in  order 
to  frighten  the  Earl  from  his  cruel  purpose.  For  ourselves,  we 
prefer  to  take  the  legend  simply  on  its  merits,  and  without 
offering  any  apology  for  it  whatever.  It  is  enough  to  know 
that  the  Earl  gave  final  orders  that  the  good  people  of  Bradford 
should  be  spared,  and  that  he  speedily  withdrew  his  troops  from 
the  town,  to  the  no  small  joy  and  relief  of  many  who  were 
quaking  with  fear,  believing  that,  verily,  they  were  in  the  jaws 
of  death. 

I  have  recently  come  across  the  following  verses  and  quote 
them  in  full,  not  for  any  poetic  excellence  they  possess,  but 
because  they  relate  to  the  subject  of  my  contribution.  I  should 
like  to  know  when  and  by  whom  they  were  written  ?  They  are 
entitled — 

The  Earl  of  Newcastle's  Vision. 

The  shades  of  night  began  to  fall, 

Enveloping  with  sable  pall, 

The  precincts  of  Old  Boiling  Hall 

Where  proud  Newcastle  lay. 

His  angry  eye,  and  brow  of  gloom, 
Told  plainly  of  poor  Bradford's  doom, 
As  he  passed  to  his  lonely  room 
To  wait  the  coming  day. 

A  day  that  should  to  sword  and  fire 
Give  that  fine  town ;  both  son  and  sire, 
He  vow'd  should  midst  the  flame  expire 
For  arming  against  their  King. 

His  plumed  helm  a  table  graced, 
His  trusty  sword  was  near  him  placed, 
The  cuirass  that  his  bosom  braced 
Upon  the  floor  was  flung. 

Then  on  the  couch  he  threw  him  down, 
His  thoughts  were  on  tbat  doomed  town 
And  on  his  dearly-bought  renown, 
When  Fairfax  lost  the  day. 

A  day  that  saw,  'midst  seas  of  gore, 
The  Royal  standard  proudly  soar 
Triumphant  on  Adwalton  Moor — 
That  long-contested  field. 

•Was  it  the  vanishing  female  portrait,  still  dimly  traceable  on  a  panel 
over  the  fireplace. — Ed. 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE.  48 

The  night  was  still,  serene  and  clear, 
He  dreams,  or  surely  does  he  hear — 
When  soft,  a  yoice,  low  whispering  near, 
Said,  "  Pity  poor  Bradford." 

Upstarting  with  a  sudden  bound, 
He  oast  a  sudden  glance  around, 
And  with  astonishment  he  found 
A  female  near  him  stand. 

Mournful  she  seem'd,  tho'  young  and  fair ; 
She  clasp'd  her  hands  as  if  in  prayer, 
And,  sighing,  said,  "  In  pity  spare 
Our  poor,  devoted  town." 

Newcastle  was  as  brave  a  knight 
As  e'er  spurred  charger  into  fight ; 
But  who  can  say  that  solemn  night 
He  was  devoid  of  fear  ? 

The  ranks  of  war  he  oft  had  led — 
Had  seen  the  field  with  slaughter  spread, 
Yet  never  felt  he  so  much  dread, 
As  at  that  lonely  hour. 

To  call  for  aid  he  vainly  tries, 
His  tongue  its  wonted  use  denies, 
And  when  again  he  raised  his  eyes, 
The  visitant  had  fled. 

And  whither  fled,  no  one  could  say, 
The  guards  had  watch'd  till  dawn  of  day, 
But  no  one  ever  crossed  their  way, 
They  all  and  each  declared. 

But  changed  was  Newcastle's  vow, 
The  gloom  had  vanished  from  his  brow, 
He  spoke  in  mercy's  accents  now 

"  Let  Bradford  town  be  spared." 

W.S. 


Folk-Lobe. — The  following  superstitions  still  linger  in  York- 
shire, and  may  elicit  from  the  readers  of  "  Notes  and  Queries" 
additional  information  on  the  subject.  To  turn  away  the  first 
*' vessel-cup"  singer  without  reward,  is  to  forfeit  the  good 
fock  of  the  ensuing  year.  Query — Is  the  word  "  vessel "  a 
corruption  of  wassail  ? 

A  niece  of  the  yule-log  is  preserved  until  the  following  Christ- 
mas by  each  prudent  housewife,  to  secure  the  house  from  fire 
doting  the  year.  Query — What  i6  the  origin  of  this  superstition? 


44  YORKSHIRE    FOLKLORE. 

The  yule-candle  must  on  no  account  be  snuffed  after  being 
lighted,  and  it  is  accounted  very  unlucky  to  cut  into  the  cheese 
before  supper  on  Christmas-eve.    Query — Why  ? 

No  person  must  presume  to  go  out  of  doors,  or  even  to  open 
it,  until  the  threshold  has  been  consecrated  by  the  entrance  of 
the  lucky  bird  of  New  Year's  day.  Query — What  is  the  origin 
of  the  superstition  respecting  the  complexion*  of  the  first  visitor 
on  New  Year's  morning  ? 

Those  who  have  not  the  common  materials  for  making  a  fire, 
on  New  Year's  Day,  generally  sit  without  one,  for  none  of  their 
neighbours,  although  hospitable  at  other  times,  will  allow  them 
to  light  a  candle  at  their  fires ;  nay  not  even  to  throw  out  the 
ashes,  or  sweep  out  the  dust !  If  they  do,  it  is  said  that  one  of 
the  family  will  die  within  the  year.  Query — Can  any  reader  of 
"  Notes  and  Queries  "  supply  any  additional  information  con- 
cerning this  strange  superstition  ? 

The  first  new  moon  in  the  year  is  looked  upon  by  the  fair 
sex  with  great  adoration.     Query— Why  ? 

On  Easter  Sunday,  in  Yorkshire,  females  are  seized  by  boys 
and  young  men,  who  take  off  their  shoes,  which  have  to  be 
redeemed  by  money.  On  the  following  Monday  afternoon  and 
Tuesday  morning  females  snatch  off  the  youths'  caps,  which 
have  to  be  redeemed  in  like  manner.  Query — Do  these  customs 
prevail  elsewhere,  or  any  modification  of  them  ? 

" Poor  Robin's  Almanac  "  for  1760,  contains  the  following: 
"  The  first  of  April  some  do  say, 
Is  set  apart  for  All-Fool's  day ; 
But  why  the  people  call  it  so, 
Nor  I,  nor  they  themselves  do  know." 
Query — Can  anyone,  better  informed  than  "  Poor  Robin,"  supply 
the  readers  of  "  Notes  and  Queries "  with  an  answer  to  the 
above  poetical  query  ? 

The  following  lines  respecting  the  tradition  of  St.  SwithhVfl 
Day,  is  supposed  to  be  a  Yorkshire  production : 
44  Better  it  is  to  rise  betime, 
And  to  make  hay  while  sun  doth  shine, 
Than  to  believe  in  tales  or  lies 
Which  idle  monks  or  friars  devise." 

Query — Author  wanted. 

For  a  wedding  party  to  be  in  Church  when  the  clock  strikes, 
is  said  to  be  a  sure  sign  that  either  the  bride  or  bridegroom  will 
not  long  survive.  Query — Are  there  any  authentic  coincidences 
on  record  ? 

Friday  weddings,  births,  and  baptisms  are  considered  very 
unlucky.  Query — Why  ?      J.  L.  Saywell,  f.b.hist.s.,  f.s.sc. 

*  A  red-haired  boy  is  absolutely  feared  by  many  people  as  their  4  first  foot,' 
and  a  black-haired  boy  is  frequently  bespoken  to  ( let  Christmas  and  New 
Year  in.'    Can  we  trace  antipathy  to  Scandinavian  Nationality  in  this.— £4* 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE.  45 

Fair  Ikogsne. — "  A  warrior  so  bold  and  a  virgin  so  bright," 
is  from  a  ballad  by  Matthew  Gregory  Lewis  (Monk  Lewis),  and 
will  be  found  probably  in  his  "Wonderful  Tales,"  or  his  "Tales 
of  Terror."  J.H.L 

'•  Alonzo  the  Brave  and  the  Fair  Imogene  "  will  be  found  in 
"Tales  of  Wonder,"  by  M.  G.  Lewis,  Esq.,  author  of  "The 
Monk,"  8  vols.,  12mo.,  Vienna,  1806.  W.C. 

I  have  it  in  an  excellent  selection  called  "The  Poetical  Com- 
mon Place  Book" ;  Edinburgh,  John  Anderson,  1822.  C.A.H. 

Fire  Wobship. — Sometime  about  the  year  1860,  when  I  lived 
in  Bradford,  there  came  to  lodge  with  me  and  my  wife,  a  young 
woman  who  had  been  born  and  brought  up  at  Cowling  Head,. 
(Cowen  Heead)  near  Skipton.  Her  purpose  in  coming  was  to 
learn  to  weave  in  the  factory.  Whenever  either  I  or  my  wife 
meddled  with  the  fire,  to  mend  it,  or  blow  it  with  the  bellows, 
she  seemed  horrified,  and  would  flee  to  the  back  of  the  house. 
She  would  tell  us  that  it  was  a  great  sin  to  blow  the  fire,  or  to 
touch  it,  by  stirring.  Was  this  a  relic  of  Fire  worship,  or 
some  kind  of  superstition.  Stobbs. 

The  Bretton  Hall  Ballad,  was  printed  first  about  fifty  years 
ago,  and  the  original  broadsheet  bears  on  it,  at  the  bottom, 
"James  Watts,  Printer,  etc.,  Heckmondwike."  He  was  the 
father  of  Mr.  J.  S.  Watts,  Postmaster  of  Shipley.  Stobbs. 
Mr.  John  Wood,  of  Penistone,  has  published  an  edition.  Ed. 
Gborge  Daniel,  of  Beswick. — I  should  be  glad  to  know  how 
or  where  I  can  find  a  poem  by  George  Daniel,  of  Beswick, 
entitled  "A  Vindication  of  Poetry."  I  have  what  I  believe  to  be 
the  first  verse  of  the  poem,  which  begins  thus, — 

"  Truth  speaks  of  old  the  power  of  Poesie ; 
Amphion,  Orpheus  stones  and  trees  could  move ; 
Men  first  by  verse  were  taught  Civilitie ; 
'Tis  known  and  granted ;  etc. 
I  think  there  is  mention  of  it  in  the  Rev.  Joseph  Hunter's 
Works,  but  I  have  not  access  to  them.  Stobbs. 

Woodbome  Hall  Ghost. — The  story,  as  given  by  the  late 
Mr.  Nowell  to  Mr.  Hobkirk,  will  be  found  in  the  «' Annals  of 
Almondbury,"  p.  184.  The  Bev.  Thomas  Lees  is  able  to  give 
a  good  account  of  it.  C.A.H. 

Hop-Scotch. — No  mention  is  made  of  this  form  of  the  Prison- 
Bars  game,  p.  22.  It  is  like  Short  Scotch,  but  a  much  rougher 
game,  for  the  combatants  can  hop  out  when  they  please,  and, 
with  folded  arms,  knock  down  any  of  the  opposite  set. 

Girls  have  a  game  called  hop-scotch,  in  which  they  hop  over 
the  joints,  or  nicks,  of  flagstones,  kicking  before  them  a  small 
stone,  or  potsherd  (spotscar,  they  pronounce  it,)  one  flag  at  a 
time.  E.B. 


46  YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LOBE. 

Bbistol,  a  Game. — Bristol  is  a  very  interesting  game,  and 
not  only  keeps  us  warm  in  cold  weather,  bat  teaches  us  activity. 
Why  it  is  called  Bristol,  I  do  not  know.  We  call  out  "  first," 
"secky,"  "third,"  "fourth,"  &c,  and  then  foot  in  the  same 
order.  The  first  and  second  foot,  that  is,  stand  a  dozen  yards 
apart  and  each  puts  one  foot  before  his  other  until  they  meet, 
and  the  one  whose  foot  is  beneath  the  other's  toe  is  down.  He 
foots  next  with  number  three,  and  the  loser  foots  again  with 
number  four,  and  so  on  until  all  have  footed.  The  last  loser 
goes  between  two  dens,  and  the  rest  run  backwards  and  forwards 
past  him,  shouting,  Bristol !  He  catches  first  one  and  then 
another,  his  prisoners  helping  him,  until  all  are  caught.  The 
first  he  caught  has  then  to  start  the  game  again  by  taking  his 
place  in  the  middle.  E.B. 

— — o 

Lake  Seemebwateb. — A  Legend  of  Wensleydalb. 
Green  grows  the  fern  on  Fleetmoss  Wold, 

And  brown  the  mantling  heather, 
The  harebells  blue  and  furze-bloom  gold 

Blend  sweetly  there  together, 
And  Nature  spreads  with  flowery  pride 

The  robes  which  Peace  has  brought  her, 
Where  Bain's  untroubled  wavelets  glide 

Down  to  Lake  Seemerwater. 
The  breeze  through  ash  and  birchen  bowers 

Blows  soft  when  day  is  closing, 
And  rocks  the  lily's  waxen  flowers 

Upon  the  tide  reposing. 
Gay  with  the  blackbird's  echoing  tones 

And  calm'd  by  dusk  of  even, 
The  twilight  star  looks  down  and  owns 

'Tie  almost  fair  as  Heaven. 
Yet  legends  say  the  peaceful  scene 

Is  but  of  late  creation, — 
That  erst  these  grassy  glades  have  been 

A  waste  and  desolation ; 
They  tell  how  once  a  busy  town 

Stood  where  these  waves  are  flowing, 
The  Btreets  are  hidden  where  far  down 

The  lily  roots  are  growing. 
One  day  a  poor  and  aged  man 

Passed  through  the  thriving  city, 
And  meekly  ask'd  of  those  he  saw 
_  For  food  and  rest  in  pity ;  * 

*  This  inhospitable  spirit  seems  to  remain  still,  judging  by  the  Editor'* 
experience.  Accompanied  by  two  friends,  he  reached  the  village  overlooking 
the  lake  and  enquired  for  food  at  three  cottages  unsuccessfully,  and  had  to 
cross  to  the  other  side  before  he  came  to  the  house  of  a  Malcolm. 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE.  47 

Bat  all  so  cold  their  hearts  had  grown 

With  cares  and  fashions  splendid, 
The  homeless  man  pass'd  on  alone, 

Faint,  worn,  and  unbefriended. 

Outside  the  town  a  cottage  stood, 

The  house  of  shepherd  Malcolm, 
Who  took  him  in  and  gave  him  food, 

And  rest,  and  warmth,  and  welcome. 
Next  morning,  standing  at  the  door, 

He  looked  toward  the  city, 
And  raised  his  hand,  and  murmur' d  o'er 

The  words  of  this  strange  ditty : — 

"  Seemerwater  rise !     Seemerwater  sink ! 

And  bury  the  town  all  save  the  house 
Where  they  gave  me  meat  and  drink !  " 

And  straightway  then  the  water  rose, 

From  out  the  brown  earth  gushing, 
From  where  the  river  Bain  now  flows 

Came  heavy  billows  rushing, 
And  buried  all  the  stately  town, 

And  drown'd  the  helpless  people ; 
"  Full  fathoms  five  "  the  waters  flowed 

Above  the  great  church  steeple ! 

And  still,  when  boating  on  the  lake 

When  sunset  clouds  are  glowing, 
The  roof  and  spires  may  yet  be  seen 

Beneath  the  blue  waves  showing. 
But  on  the  shepherd's  house,  they  say, 

The  old  man  left  his  blessing, 
And  so  they  prosper'd  every  day, 

With  flock  and  herds  increasing. 
Nor  did  it  rest  with  them  alone, 

But  reached  to  son  and  daughter, 
Until  the  land  was  all  their  own 

About  Lake  Seemerwater. 

Can  any  reader  of  your  very  interesting  Notes  and  Queries 
tell  me  the  name  of  the  author  of  the  above  ?  A.W. 


Talismanic  Cures. — With  all  our  boasted  progress  in  know- 
ledge and  enlightenment,  we  may  yet  come  across  some  pitiable 
examples  of  credulity  and  superstition,  and  that  without  going 
into  out-of-the-way  corners,  in  search  of  the  same.  I  was 
recently  acquainted  with  a  man  at  Bradford,  whom  I  had 
always  regarded  as  possessed  of,  at  least,  an  ordinary  share  of 
common  sense.    He  was  a  tall,  well  built,  and  elderly  person, 


48  YORKSHIRE    FOLKLORE. 

but  was  sadly  tormented  with  rheumatism,  often  being  obliged 
to  take  to  his  bed  before  he  could  be  "  brought  round"  again. 
I  met  him  once  after  his  immediate  recovery  from  one  of  these 
attacks,  and  he  was  in  high  spirits.  On  enquiring  the  cause  of 
his  jubilant  frame  of  mind,  he  told  me  that  he  had  at  length 
discovered  a  cure  for  his  rheumatism ;  one  that  would  rid  him 
of  his  old  enemy  "  at  once  and  for  ever."  Having  assured  him 
of  my  sincere  congratulations,  I  was  surprised  to  see  him  pro- 
duce from  each  of  his  trousers'  pockets — a  potato !  looking,  from 
their  having  been  rubbed  and  handled  so  much,  as  if  they  had 
been  black-leaded.  He  said  (and  I  am  sure  believed)  that  60 
long  as  he  carried  these  in  his  pockets  the  rheumatism  would 
never  again  come  near  him.  This  was  the  secret  of  the  poor 
man's  freedom  from  his  tortures  of  rheumatism;  this,  the 
philosopher's  stone  that  gave  him  exemption  from  one  of  the 
most  grievous  ills  that  "  flesh  is  heir  to." 

I  was  so  much  struck  by  this  instance  of  present-day  super- 
stition that  I  communicated  the  fact  to  the  columns  of  a  local 
journal.  Conceive  my  surprise  when  it  called  forth  the  following 
reply  from  one  of  its  readers : — 

"Dear  Sir — I  have  read  with  great  interest  the  Article  by 
'W.S.'  in  your  journal,  but  being  unwilling  that  any  native  of 
our  loved  county  should  be  unjustly  held  up  to  ridicule,  permit 
me  to  say  that  I  have  known  several  instances  in  which  persons 
troubled  with  rheumatism  have  found  relief  and  ultimate  ex- 
emption from  its  pains  by  carrying  a  potato  in  the  trousers' 
pocket.  My  own  brother  has  carried  one  for  years  with  benefit, 
until  it  is  now  as  hard  as  a  stone,  up  to  a  short  time  ago.  I, 
like  'W.S.,'  looked  upon  this  proceeding  as  ( a  pitiable  example 
of  credulity  and  superstition,"  but  now  think  there  is  *  method 
in  this  madness,'  for  I  find  that  atropine,  a  homoeopathic 
remedy  for  rheumatism,  which  has  been  hitherto  obtained 
from  belladonna,  is  now  extracted  from  the  *  eyes '  of  potatoes, 
which  are  cut  out  at  a  certain  stage  of  their  growth,  and  sub- 
jected to  a  process  which  extracts  the  identical  remedy  whose 
source  has  been  previously  belladonna.  I  have  heard  of  people 
who  have  taken  the  water  in  which  potatoes  have  been  well 
boiled,  and  experienced  relief  from  rheumatic  pains.   Yours,  Ac, 

M.  M.  8. 

The  Editor's  comment  on  the  above  curious  correspondence 
will  perhaps  form  the  most  fitting  conclusion  to  the  present 
communication — 

44 Can  any  of  my  readers,"  he  asks,  "learned  in  matters 
medical,  throw  more  light,  scientific  light  I  mean,  on  this  sub- 
ject ?  I  have  not  the  slightest  doubt  that  as  excellent  curative 
properties  may  exist  in  the  potato  as  in  the  roots  of  other  plants 
more  usually  connected  with  the  druggist's  shop.  But  that  the 
mere  carrying  in  one's  pocket  of  a  couple  of  tubers  will  impart 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE.  49 

their  medicinal  virtues  into  tbe  person  who  hugs  them  along 
with  him  seems  to  me  a  very  different  matter.  However  the 
subject  is  worth  ventilating."  W.S, 


||0rh  Jffiinsta:  %tmn: 

A  Specimen  of  the  Yorkshire  Dialect  as  spoken  in  the  North 
Riding.  [Such  is  the  title  of  a  pamphlet  just  published  by  Mr. 
W.  H.  Allen,  18,  Waterloo  Place,  London,  and  which  Yorkshire 
Bibliophiles  will  be  anxious  to  secure.  A  peculiar  mystery  as 
to  the  origin  and  authorship  is  shrouded  in  the  Epistle  Dedica- 
tory, and  we  are  informed  in  the  same  Epistle  that  the  profits 
will  be  given  to  a  Yorkshire  family  needing  help.  It  is  said  to 
have  been  put  in  type  fifty  years  ago,  and  "was  probably 
written  at  Nunnington  Rectory.1 '  At  the  suggestion  of  a  Lady, 
and  by  leave  of  "  the  Great  Unknown,"  we  present  our  readers 
with  this  tasty  piece.] 

Scene — Goodram  Gate,  York. 

"  Mike  Dobson  is  standing  still  in  the  street  leaning  on  his  stick, 
Bob  Jackson,  on  horseback,  rides  quickly  past  him." 


Mike.    Hollo,  Bob  Jackson,  owr'ta  the  plagues  thee  boon,b 
Ganging  at  sike  a  pe'ace  as  that  thruff  't  toon. — 
Stop  mun,  let's  touch  thee  flesh,o— -what  is  tha  blinnd, 
Or  wadthad  wish  te  trot  owr  an  o'ade  frinnd  ? — 
There's  nowther  sense  nor  mense  in  sike  a  pe'ace, 
It  leaks  as  thoff  thoo  dossent  show  thee  fe'ace ; 
A  gayish  nag*  that  leaks,  at  thoo's  asthrarde, 
Ah's  seer  it  diz,  is't  good  te  owt  te  rarde  ? 

Bob.      The  best  that  ivver  put  a  fe'at  on  t'  ro'ad, 

And  will  be  bet'ther,  he's  noot  twe'a  yeer  o'ad. 

Mike.    Bood,  what  brings  thee  te  York  this  tarme  o't  yeer, 
Ah's  seer  it  diz  yan  good  te  see  ye  heer ; 
Hestha*  browt  owt  to't  market,  owr's  thee  te'ame  ? 
Are  all  thee  bairns  quite  fresh  at  yam,  and  t'  de'ame  ? 
Ah  sud  ha1  thowt  you'd  all  been  thrang  at  t'  farm 
Mang  t'hay  and  coorn,  for  this  is't  thrangest  tarme. 

GLOSSARY. 
«  Where   b  bound   e  shake  hands   d  would  you    e  old    *  have  you. 

*  No  dialogue  strictly  characteristic  ever  took  place  between  Yorkshiremen, 
the  subject  of  which  did  not  begin  and  end  with  "  a  hoss  "—the  present 
therefore,  in  this  respect  at  least,  will  be  found  correct. 

T.F-L.  E 


50  YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 

Bob.       Wi'  some  foo'aks  it  may  be,  bood  bairn,  may  hay 

Hez  all  been  stack'd*  and  theack'db  this  monny  a  day ; 

And  as  t' wheat  weant  be  ripe  a  fotnith  yit, 

And  glooaring0  at  it  winnot  mak  it  fit, 

Ah've  coom  te  York  te  weastd  an  hoor  or  se'a,- 

Since  ah  had  nowt  partick'ler  else  te  de'a  ; 

And  man,  for  soom  tarme  past  Ah've  re' ally  been 

Just  crazed  te  knaw  aboot  this  "  Minsther  Screen" 

T'newspapers  used  te  talk  of  nothing  else, 

It  mead  mair  noise  thon  yan  o't  Minsther  bells, 

And  sea  ah've  coom'd  te  see  what  it  be  like, 

Diz  thoo  knaw  owt  at  all  aboot  it  Mike. 

Mike.     Thoo  mood  ha'  seerched  all  t'  coontry  sarde  to  see, 
A  chap  at  knaws  yah  hauf*  as  mich  as  me — 
Put  up  thee  hossf  mun  heer  i't  Minsther  Yard, 
And  then  we'll  gang  and  hey  a  leak  in  sard. 

Bob  here  gives  his  horse  to  Mr.  Moss's  hostler,  with  sundry 
directions  respecting  the  treatment  of  him,  &c. 
They  then  enter  the  Minster. 

Bob.       Bon !  its  a  strange  gre'at  pie 'ace,  and  dash  it  Mike, 
It  maks  a  chap  feel  desprit  lahtle*  like  ;* 
Ah'  feels  all  iv  a  trimmle,h  with  the  dre'ad 
Lest  ony  bad  thowt  now,  sud  fill  mah  he'ad. 
Bood,  show  us  owr  this  Screen  is  te  be  foond,1 
Is't  summat  up  o't  re'afj  or  doon  o't  groond  ?k 

Mike.    Whah'  sootha,  lootha,  leakstha,1  there  it  stands, 
The  bonniest  wark  ere  me'ad  by  mottal  hands ; 
That  thing  all  clairmedm  wi  lab  tie  dolls  is  't  screen, 
Aboot  which  all  this  noise  and  wark  hez  been, 
And  if  thoo'l  whist  a  minnit  mun  or  se'a, 
Ah'l  sean  insenstha11  into  t'  yal  te  de'a.0 
Thoo  sees  when  Martin  wiv  his  crackbrained  tricks, 
Set  fire  t'  Minsther  like  a  he'ap  o'  wicks,P 
Fooaks*  frev  all  pairts*  o't  coonthry  vary  se'an, 
Clubbed  bras8  te  pay  for  reeting*  it  age'an ; 
Se'a  Ah,  mang  t'  rest  o't  quality,  put  doon 
(For  iv'ry  lahtle  helps  thoo  knaws)  a  croon. 

a  Stacked  b  thatched  c  staring  4  spend  •  half  *  horse  g  little  k  tremble 
1  found  i  roof  *  ground  1  60otha,  lootha,  leakstha ;  see,  look,  behold — these 
words  are  always  used  together,  m  Covered  over  n  explain  to  you  •  t'  yal  to 
de'  a — the  whole  to  do — the  whole  affair  p  quick  grass,  twitch,  q  folk  *  parts 
■  clubbed  brass — subscribed  money    t  repairing. 


*  Sentiments  of  the  deepest  awe  and  veneration  cannot  fail  to  strike  any 
person,  however  otherwise  insensible,  on  entering  so  sublime  a  structure  as 
York  Minster,  and  it  was  no  doubt  as  much  with  a  view  to  excite  such  sensa- 
tions, as  in  honour  of  the  Deity,  that  such  magnificent  edifices  hare  been 
erected. 


YORKSHIRE    FOLKLORE.  51 

Noo  se'an  as  t'  brass  was  gotten,  afore  lang, 
Prev  iv'ry  pairt  a  soort  o'  chaps  did  thrang : 
Ste'an  me'asins,*  airchitecks,  and  sike  like  straight, 
All  clusthered  roond  like  menniesb  at  a  bait, 
Boom  te  leak  on  and  give  advice,  and  Bob, 
Ne'a  doot  soom  on  em  com  te  latec  a  job. — 
Bood  when  te  leak  thruff  t'  Minsther  they  began, 
They  started  te  finnd  faut  weet  tiv'  a  man ; 
This  thing  was  ower  big,  that  ower  small, 
While  t'other  had  ne'a  business  there  at  all. — 
If  ivver  thoo  did  tiv  a  cobler  send, 
A  pair  of  sheund  he  did  not  mak,  to  mend, 
Thoo's  heerd  what  scoores  o'  fauts  he  vary  seun, 
Wad  start  to  finnd  oot  wiv  tha  poor  o'ad  sheun ; — 
"  T'  sowing  wad  be  bad,  and  se'a  wad  t'  mak,e 
And  t'  leather  goad  te  nowt  at  all  bood  crack." 
Just  se'a  the'as  chaps  foond  faut  wi'  ne'a  pretense, 
Bood  just  'at  ple'ace  was  noot  belt'  by  theirsens ; — 
Noo  when  they  com  to  t'  screen,  it  strake  em  blinnd, 
For  noot  yah  singel  faut  weet  could  they  finnd, 
Until  yah  cunning  chap  te  show  his  teaste, 
Threaped*  oot  like  mad  at  it  wur  wrangly  pleaced. 
He  said  "  it  sud  ha'  been  thrast  fodtherh  back, 
For  t'  Ne'ave*  leak  ower  lahtle  it  did  mak, 
And  that  it  se'a  confarned  his  view  o'  t'  ple'ace, 
Te  let  it  bardJ  wad  be  a  sair  disgre'ace." 

Bob.      Wha  sike  a  feal  as  that  sud  nivver  stop 

Doon  heer  beloe,  but  gang  and  gloore  fre'  t'  top ; 
Ah  mood  as  weel  dingk  mah  back  deer1  of  t'  creaks,™ 
And  then  tell  t'  wife  at  it  confarned  mah  leaks ; 
Mah  wod !  she'd  se'an  confarn  mah  leaks  for  me, 
Wiv  what  Ah  weel  sud  merit,  a  black  ee.n 

Mike.    "  Yah  feal  maks  mony,"  is  a  thing  weel  knawn, 
And  t'  truth  of  it  was  heer  me'ast  truly  shown ; 
A  soort  o'  chaps,  at  scarcely  could  desarn, 
The  dif  rence  twixt  an  oad  chetch0  and  a  barn,* 
Fre' t'  coonthry  sarde  all  roond  aboot  did  thrang, 
And  aware  it  sud  be  shifted  reet  or  wrang ; 
Noo  de'ant  thoo  think  that  Ah  had  nowt  te  say, 

*  stonemasons  b  minnows  o  seek  a  shoes  «  make  *  built  g  insisted 
b  farther  i  the  nave  i  bide,  remain  *  thrown  off  l  door  m  hinges  n  eye 
o  church. 


*A  difference,  by  the  way,  not  so  very  easily  to  be  distinguished. — I 
myself,  with  shame  be  it  spoken 4  have  seen  many  an  antique  church  in 
Yorkshire  so  like  an  old  barn  with  a  dove  cote  on  the  top  by  way  of  a  steeple, 
that  it  would  hare  puzzled  my  namesake  himself  to  have  discovered  at  a  little 
distance—"  which  was  which."  Printer**  DeviL 


52  YORKSHIRE    FOLKLORE. 

Bood  just  did  let  em  hev  their  o'an  fond  way ; 

Nay — hundhreds,  bairn,  of  foo'aks  agreed  wi  me 

That  stoored*  it  owt  noot,  and  sud  nivver  be. — 

Disputes  and  diffrences  that  had  ne'a  end 

Began  te  start,  friend  quarrelled  sean  wi  friend. — 

Mair  nonsence  te'a,  aboot  it,  bairn,  was  writ, 

Than  ivver  hez  been  fairly  read  thruff  yit ; 

For  mony  a  feal  his  help  each  way  to  lend, 

Gease  quills  and  fealscap  we' as  ted  without  end. 

Meetings  were  held,  men  spak  till  they  gat  hoo'arse, 

And  barley- seagerb  raise  in  price  of  coo' arse, 

While  soom  foo'aks  to  their  friends  said  se'a  niich  then, 

Yah  wod°  togither  they've  noot  spokken  sen.d  * 

Bood  tho'  se'a  despritly  they  talked  and  fowt,° 

Ne'an  o'  theas  meetings  ivver  come  te  owt  : 

At  last  they  did  resolve  te  call  anoother, 

Te  settle  t'  queshun'  at  yah  way  or  t'oother, 

When  efther  beals  and  shouts,  and  claps  and  gre'ans, 

Eneaf  to  wakken  t'  vary  tonpike?  ste'ans 

The  queshun  to  t'  subscribers  there  was  poot, 

Whether  it  sud  be  shifted,  or  sud  noot. — 

We  gat  it,  man,  as  se'af  as  se'af  could  be, 

For  ivry  man  o'  sense  did  vo'at  wi  me ; 

When  lo !  t'  o'ad  chairman  frev  his  pocket  beuk 

A  lot  o'  vo'atsh  lapt  up  in  paper  teuk,t 

With  which  in  spite  of  all  at  we  could  say, 

He  turned  the  queshun  clean  the  t'oother  way, 

And  thus  desarded1  it  sud  shifted  be, 

Bood  shifted  t'  nivver  was,  as  thoo  may  see. 

For  perhaps  they  thowt  in  spite  of  all  their  wits 

T*  screen  wad,  if  stoo'ared.J  ha'tummeled*  all  te  bits. — 

Nea  doot  thoo  knaws  t*  oad  riddle  of  an  egg, 

I've  knawn't  sen  Ah  was  boot  V  book1  o*  my  leg, — 

•  Stirred   b  sugar  o  word  d  since  o  fought   *  question  g  turnpike  *  votes 

i  decided    J  stirred   k  tumbled    l  bulk,  size. 

•  To  such  a  pitch  was  the  discussion  respecting  the  screen  carried  on  in 
York  about  this  time,  that  nothing  else  was  heard,  spoken,  or  thought  of.— 
Footmen  picking  up  scattered  arguments  in  the  dining  room,  debated  together 
furiously  in  the  servants'  hall ;  while  in  the  kitchen  the  cook,  house  maid, 
and  scullion,  were  all  engaged  in  the  dispute.    At  a  dinner  party,  given  by 

Mr.  G ,  a  gentleman,  who  sat  with  his  back  to  the  fire,  feeling  rather 

cold  requested  a  servant,  whose  head  was  full  of  the  argument,  to  "remove  thf 
screen  "—meaning  that  one  at  the  back  of  his  chair — John  started  from  his 
reverie  at  once,  and  quite  forgetting  where  he  was,  called  out,  ho  would  be 
d— d  if  it  should  be  stoored  for  any  man. 

f  By  "  Voats  lapt  up  in  paper " — Mike  means  votes  by  proxy.— What  a 
great  effect  the  speeches  and  arguments  at  any  meeting  must  have  upon  those 
who  have  given  their  votes  by  proxy  three  or  four  days  before  the  meeting 
takes  place  1 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE.  58 

Its  "  noompty  doompty  sat  upon  a  wall, 
"  And  hoompty  doompty  gat  a  desprit  fall, 
"  And  all  t'  king's  bosses  there,  and  all  t'  king's  men, 
"  Could  neer  set  hoompty  doompty  reet  agen." 
Se'a  they  consated*  if  they  rarved  this  screen 
Bood  yance  fre't  ple'ace  in  which  t'  had  awlus  been, 
Like  hoompty  doompty,  it  could  neer  age'an 
Be  set  te  reets  let  what  pains  wad  be  te'an. — 
Bood  there  thoo  sees  it  stands,  yal  and  compleat, 
And  that's  because  theyv'e  nivver  de'an  nowt  weet : 
A  bonny  thing  like  that,  is  bonny  still, 
Put  it  in  whatsumivver  ple'ace  you  will, 
And  as  t'  was  weel  while  nowt  was  at  it  dea'n, 
They've  just  de'an  weel  in  letting  weel  ale'an. 
Bood  what  did  seam  to  me  uncommon  hard, 
And  vexed  me  se'a,  Ah  knew  noot  how  te  bard,b 
Was  that  mah  money,  dash  it,  sud  be  te'an 
Te  de'a  that  with,  Ah  wished  sud  noot  be  de'an, — 
Could  Ah  hev  getten  mah  croon  back,  Ah  sware 
That  egg  or  shell  oa't  they  sud  noot  see  mair. 

Bob.      Thah  keasc  joostd  maks  me  think  o'  Jamie  Broon, 
T'  oad  dhrunken  carpenther  of  our  toon. — 
Thoo  sees  yah  day  to  Jamie's  hoose0  Ah  went, 
And  fand  he'd  getten  t*  bailiersf  *  in  for  rent, 
His  wife,  poor  thing,  was  awmeast  flay'ds  te  de'ad, 
And  rarvedh  off  t'  hair  by  neavesful1  frev  her  he'ad, 
And  tT  bairns  all  roo'red  te  see  their  moother  roore, 
Ah  niwer  i  my  life  seed  sike  a  stoore. — 
Oa'd  Jamie  he  was  set  in  t'  ingle'  neuk, 
Glooaring  at  t'  fire  wiv  a  hauf  fond  leuk ; 
Yah  hand  waz  iv  his  britches  pocket  thrast, 
While  t'other  picked  his  nooask  end  desprit  fast ;  t 
For  him  thoo  sees  Ah  cared'nt  hauf  a  pin, 
For  drink  had  browt  him  te  t'  state  he  was  in, 
Bood  mah  heart  warked1  te  see  t'  poore  bairns  and  t' 

de'ame, 
And  se'a  Ah  moontedmt'  meern  and  skelped0  off  he'ame, 
And  there  Ah  teuk  fahve?  poond,  pairt  ov  a  hoo'ard,* 

•  Conceived  b  bear  e  case  A  just  •  house  *  bailiffs  g  frightened  n  rived, 
tore  i  handsfol  J  fire  side  *  nose  l  ached  m  mounted  n  mare  o  scampered 
P  fire  q  hoard.  

*  Bailiffs. — "  The  Sheriff  being  answerable  for  the  misdemeanors  of  these 
BaffiUs,  they  are  usually  bound  in  an  obligation,  with  sureties,  for  the  due 
execution  of  their  office,  and  thence  are  called  bound  bailiffs,  which  common 
people  have  corrupted  into  a  much  more  homely  appellation."  Blackitone's 
Con.  Book  i.  p.  345. 

t  The  nose  of  an  habitual  drunkard  (haud  ignarus  loquor)  is  always  afflicted 
with  a  tickling  and  tormenting  heat — in  fact  that  member  seems  constantly 
itching  to  be  in  the  flagon. 


J 


54  YORKSHIRE    FOLKLORE. 

Ah'd  feltin  t'  babble*  te  be  out  o't  ro'ardb  * 
(For  All's  yan  o'  thor  chaps  ats  ommust  se'af9 
To  spend  all  t'  bras  ats  handy  te  my  ne'af,)d 
And  sent  it  tiv  him  by  our  dowther6  Nance, 
At  he  mood  pay  off  t'  bailiers  at  yance.f 
Wad  yon  believe,  as  se'an  as  t'  brass  he  gat, 
He  off  te  t'  public  boose,  and  there  he  sat, 
And  sat  and  smeuk'd,*  and  smeuk'd  and  drank  away, 
Fra  two'alveh  o'clock,  te  two'alve  o'clock  next  day, 
Just  then  Ah  enthered  t'  hoose  as  Ah  past  by, 
Te  get  a  dhrink,  for  Ah  was  desprit  dry, 
And  there  Ah  fand  t'  oad  raggil1  te  be  seer, 
Stritched  on  his  back,  dea'd  dhrunk,  o't  palour  fleer.— 
Ah  thrast  mail  hand  intiv  his  pocket  neuk, 
And  back  agean  mah  fahve  poond  noo'ate  Ah  teuk, 
For  when  Ah  gav  him't,  it  was  mah  intent, 
That  he  sud  de'a  nowt  weet  bood  pay  his  rent. 
Just  se'a,  Ah  think  thoo  had  a  reet  to  tak 
T'  croon  thoo  subscrarbed  cud  thoo  ha*  getten't  back, 
Since  they  te  whom  t'  was  geenJ  had  ne'a  reet 
Te  de'a  owt  else,  bood  what  t'was  geen  for,  weet. 
Mike.     Thoo's  reet,  thoo's  reet,  Ah'd  seaner  had  that  croon, 
Te  we'ast  in  blash  and  dhrink  like  Jamie  Broon, 
Than  they  ha'  getten't,  for  then  mun  at  le'ast 
Ah'd  ple'ased  mah  oan,  and  not  anoother's  te'ast. 

Bob.       Pray  whe'ah  belt  Minsther  ?  for  it  se'anis  te  me 
He  kenned  far  best  ju6t  whor  this  screen  sud  be, 
What  tho*  theas  chaps  may  talk  a  he'ap  o'  blaah,k 
Ah  wad'nt  give  a  haup'ny1  for  their  trash, 
Unless  te  pre'avem  his  joodgment  good,  some  yan 
Builds  sike  a  spot  as  t'  Minsther  here,  and  than, 
And  noot  till  than  thoo  sees  a  body  may 
Be  called  upon  te  heed  what  he  may  say. 

Mike.    And  noo  Ah  thinks  Ah've  telled  thee  all  Ah'  ken, 
And  mead  thee  just  as  wise  mun  as  my  sen, 
Se'a  coom  thoo  yamn  wi  me  and  see  t'  oad  lass, 
And  get  a  bite  o'  summut  and  a  glass, 
For  Ah'se  se'a  hungered  tonned°  Ah  scarce  can  barde, 
Ah've  getten  quite  a  wemlingy  in  t'  insarde. 

•  Bible    *  road    «  sure    d  hand    •  daughter    t  once    g  smoked  b  twebe 
i  rascal  J  given  *  trash  l  halfpenny  m  prove  a  home  °  turned  pyearniag. 

*  Country  folks  hide  their  money  in  strange  places— old  jars,  bottles,  bed- 
steads, and  tea-pots  have  occasionally  been  the  emporia  of  hidden  treason)  — 
By  Bob  having  hid  his  money  in  the  bible  to  be  out  of  the  road,  we  «*J 
without  much  hesitation  imply,  that  that  worthy  character  did  not  often  make 
the  sacred  volnme  the  subject  of  his  perusal.  Sir  Walter  Scott  makes  one  of 
bis  characters  hide  bank  notes  in  a  bible,  under  the  impression  thai  it  ww 
the  most  unlikely  place  for  a  thief  to  pry  into. 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE.  66 

Bob.      Ah've  ne'a  objection,  boon  afore  Ah  wag 
A  single  leg,  Ah's  tied*  te  see  mah  nag. 

Mike.    Thoo  need'nt  man,  in  Moss's  yard  hes  seaf 
All's  warrant,  he'll  get  hay  and  coorn  eneaf, 
His  is'nt  t'  inn  where  rogueish  hostlers  che'at,* 
And  grease  't  boss'  mouths  te  set  'em  past  their  me'at, 
Nay,  Moss's  man  will  tak  mair  tentb  o'  t'  be'ast, 
Than  ony  moother  of  her  bairn  awme'ast. 

Bob.      Nea  doot,  neat  doot  he'll  tent  it  well,  bood  bon,° 
Ah  mood  as  well  just  see  how  he  gets  on, 
He  may  ha'  slipped  his  neither4  wiv  a  tug, 
Or  getten  yah  leg  owr  't  te  scrat  his  lug.f 

Mike.    Aweel,  leak  sharp,  and  dean't  be  owr  lang, 

Or  yam  bedoot8  thee  Ah'se  be  foorced  te  gang. 

Bob.      Yah  minnit  for  me,  bairn,  thoo  need'nt  stop, 
For  Ah'll  be  back  in  t'  cracking  ov  a  lop.*  J 

»  Obliged    b  care    °  burn    d  halter    e  without     *  flea. 

^  *  A  knavish  hostler,  in  the  presence  of  an  inexperienced  traveller,  will  give 
his  horse  a  very  large  feed  of  oats,  and  as  soon  as  the  gentleman's  back  is 
turned  he  will  subtract  from  the  manger  all  the  corn  but  a  few  handfuls, 
and  then  grease  the  horse's  teeth  with  a  candle  which  will  effectually  prevent 
the  animal,  for  some  time  at  least,  from  touching  his  food. — When  the 
traveller  returns  and  sees  some  oats  still  remaining  in  the  manger,  he  liberally 
rewards  the  hostler  for  giving  his  horse  more  than  he  can  eat !    Printer'*  Devil. 

t  Many  a  horse  has  got  a  leg  over  the  halter  in  scratching  his  ears  with 
the  hind  hoof,  and  hath  thus  hung  himself.  An  ingenious  farrier  named 
Snowden,  near  Kirbymoorside  has  invented  a  very  clever  halter  to  prevent 
Eoch  accidents. 

{  Reader !  didst  thou  ever  behold  thy  dog  Tray,  suddenly  starting  from  a 
pound  nap  on  thy  hearth  rug,  curl  himself  up  and  begin  to  sniff  and  snap 
through  his  hide  from  head  to  tail,  if  so,  thou  hast  seen  "  the  cracking  of  a 
lop." 

c— — 

YORKSHIRE  CENTENARIANS. 
The  writer  of  this  article  has  recently  heard  it  gravely 
asserted,  more  than  once,  that  the  term  of  human  life  has 
reached  its  climax  of  brevity,  and  is  now  gradually  widening 
out  the  nearer  we  approach  the  Millennium.  And  indeed, 
there  would  seem  to  be  some  degree  of  truth  in  the  statement, 
for  we  can  scarcely  take  up  a  newspaper  which  does  not  record 
the  death  of  a  centenarian.  Of  course  the  increase  of  popu- 
lation would  produce  a  relative  increase  in  the  number  of 
centenarians,  but  putting  that  on  one  side,  why  should  it  seem 
a  thing  incredible,  or  inconsistent  with  the  laws  of  nature,  that 
human  vitality  should  have  its  ebb  and  flow,  and  that  human 
degeneracy  having  reached  its  furthermost  point  of  retro- 
gression, should  now  advance  towards  that  point  of  longevity 
attained  by  the  patriarchs  ? 


56  YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 

A  Yorkshire  clergyman  has  expressed  his  opinion,  that  in 
every  million  of  our  countrymen,  there  are  at  least  two  living, 
who  have  passed  their  hundredth  year.  It  was  Professor 
Hufeland's  opinion  that  the  limit  of  possible  human  life  might 
be  set  at  200  years,  and  this  on  the  general  principle  that  the 
life  of  a  creature  is  eight  times  the  years  of  its  period  of  growth. 
The  Professor  backs  up  his  opinion,  by  several  authentic 
instances,  and  his  roll  of  centenarians  includes  many  remark- 
able cases  of  human  and  animal  longevity.  An  able  article  on 
centenarianism  appeared  in  the  "  Daily  Telegraph"  of  February 
12th  ult.,  in  which  Mr.  W.  J.  Thoms,  the  author  of  the  cele- 
brated brochure,  entitled  "  Human  Longsvity:  its  Fads  and 
Fictions?  (1878)  is  somewhat  severely  handled,  and  his  incre- 
dulity proved  to  be  nescience.  Sir  George  Cornewall,  Lewis 
is  another  sceptic,  and  boldly  affirms  all  cases  of  centenarianism 
to  be  hypothetical,  and  for  the  most  part  antediluvian.  The 
writer  of  the  article  in  question,  vigorously  attacks  the  casuistry 
of  Mr.  Thorn 8,  and  Sir  George,  and  quotes  M.  Kohl  on  "Russian 
Longevity  "  to  support  the  theory  of  contingent  duration. 

The  following  list  of  Yorkshire  Centenarians,  verified  in  each 
instance  from  the  registers  of  their  respective  parishes,  will  be 
of  interest  to  the  readers  of  "  Yorkshire  Notes  and  Queries,"  some 
of  whom  will  be  able  to  extend  the  list. — 

Henry  Jenkins,  of  Ellerton-on-Swale,  born  1501,  )      1AQ 
died  1670.*  Aged  J     l™ 

Elizabeth  Gkay,  a  pensioner  on  the  Wilsons  of  West- )      -M 
brook,  buried  at  Ecclesall,  December  8,  1848.     J 

Ann  Stringer  of  Northallerton,  born  1618,  died  1721.    108 

George  Lumley,  of  Northallerton,  born  1697,  married 
1788  to  Mary  Dunning,  aged  19;  (Date  of 
death  unknown.)! 

Mary  Hollindrake,  born  at  Alderscholes,  near  Brad-] 

ford,  January  5th,  1785,  died  at  Shipley,  March  -     101 
20th,  1886.  j 

Denis    Sykes,   born  February   10th,   1717,   died 
November  20th,  1819.  { 


i 


104 


102 


*  Buried  in  the  Parish  Church  of  Bolton-on-Swale.  The  parish  register 
contains  the  following  entry—"  1670,  December  9th,  Henry  Jenkins,  a  very 
aged  and  poore  man,  of  EUerton,  was  burred  here."  Besides  the  stone  monu- 
ment over  his  grave  in  the  churchyard,  there  is  another  of  black  marble  inside 
the  Church,  erected  to  the  memory  of  the  "  oldest  Yorkahireman."  Both 
monuments  boar  an  appropriate  inscription,  the  latter  written  by  Dr.  Thomas 
Chapman. 

f  Vide  "  Gentleman's  Magazine."  The  Wedding  was  performed  by  the 
Rev.  Thos.  Wilkinson,  Curate,  and  the  witnesses  were  Thomas  Robeon,  and 
W.  M.  Gibson. 

}  Mary  Sykes,  sister  of  Denis  Sykes,  died  February  11th,  1810,  aged  99 
years,  and  8  months. 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE.  57 

105 


Ann  Ykardley,  wife  of  Joseph,  of  Sheffield  Park/ 
died  December  25th,  1807.     Buried  in  Tankers-  • 
ley  Churchyard,  aged 
(Thomas,  their  son,  died  Jan.  22, 1841,  aged  91.) 

William  Sturdy,  of  Romanby,  near  Northallerton, 
born  1785,  died  1885. 

Elizabeth  Bulmer,  of  West  Acklam,  died  June  20th, 
1884.     Buried  at  Acklam. 

Barbara  Bbownbridoe,  buried  in  Eastrington  church- 
yard, January  16th,  1885. 

Mary  Wilson,  of  Glaisdale,  buried  at  Glaisdale, 
December  29th,  1880. 

Jane  Garbutt,  buried  at  Welbury,  December  12, 1854.     109 

Mary  Benton,  of  Yarm,  buried  at  Elton,  January  7,)      +*» 
1858.  ) 

Matthew  Law,  buried  at  Sandhutton,  nearThirsk,i     lnn 
Nov.  14,  1814,  aged  I      1UU 

According  to   statistics,   more  females  reach  the  age  of  a 
hundred  years  than  males,  and  no  one  I  think  will  doubt  it. 

J.  L.  Saywell,  f.r.h.s. 


100 
100 
100 
100 


We  have  before  us  an  ordinary  black-edged  funeral  card, 
bearing  the  following  inscription  : 

"  Death  of  a  Matriarch. 

Elizabeth,  the  wife  of  the  late  Ely  Whiteley, 

of  Ri8hworth, 

Who  died  on  the  8th  of  May,  1852,  aged  100  years. 

She  had  had  18  children,  119  grandchildren,  189  great-grand 

children,  and  28  great-great-grandchildren  ;  total,  849.     Six  of 

her  children  were  at  her  funeral,  of  whom  the  eldest  is  79  years 

of  age,  the  next  77,  and  the  third  75. 

She  married  at  21,  was  a  wife  70  years,  and  a  widow  9." 
Mrs.  Neale,  of  Bawtry,  died  on  September  12th,  1885,  aged 
100.  An  old  East  Anglian  ex-soldier,  named  Coe,  who  had 
carried  a  bullet  in  his  arm  for  many  years,  died  last  year  at 
Norristhorpe,  near  Heckmondwike,  the  residence,  of  his  daughter. 
He  had  nearly  completed  his  101st  year  when  we  saw  and  had 
a  pleasant  chat  with  him,  some  weeks  before  his  death. — Ed. 


HENRY    JENKINS. 

In  the  York$hira  Gazette  a  series  of  articles  on  Bolton-on-Swale 
is  appearing,  from  which  we  cull  the  following,  by  leave  of  the 
Editor. 

"  We  now  come  to  a  tablet  which  to  the  general  reader  will 
possess  more  interest  than  any  other  in  the  church.  This  is 
the  slab  of  black  marble  which  commemorates  the  existence  of 
the  man  who  probably  lived  more  years  than  any  Englishman 


56  YORKSHIRE    FOLKLORE. 

of  whom  there  is  any  certain  record.     This  was  the  celebrated 
Henry  Jenkins,  who  undoubtedly  lived  to  the  extraordinary  age 
of  169  years.     The  inscription  runs  as  follows : — 
"  Blush  not,  marble,  to  rescue  from  oblivion  the  memory  of 
Henry  Jenkins,  a  person  obscure  in  birth,  but  of  a  life  truly 
memorable,  for  he  was  enriched  with  the  goods  of  nature 
if  not  of  fortune,  and  happy  in  the  duration  if  not  the 
variety  of  his  enjoyments :  And  though  the  partial  world 
despised  and  disregarded  his  low  and  humble  state,  the 
equal  eye  of  Providence  beheld  and  blessed  it  with  a  patri- 
arch's health  and  length  of  days,  to  teach  mistaken  man 
these  blessiugs  are  entailed  on  temperance,  a  life  of  labour, 
and  a  mind  at  ease.    He  lived  to  the  amazing  age  of  169 ; 
was  interred  here  December  6,  1670 ;  and  had  this  justice 
done  to  his  memory.     1748." 
There  is  also  in  the  churchyard  a  monument  to  the  memory 
of  Jenkins,  consisting  of  an  obelisk  of  squared  freestone  11  feet 
high,  standing  upon  a  pedestal  4  feet  6  inches  in  height  and  4 
feet  4  inches  square.     On  the  east  side  of  the  pedestal  is  the 
following  inscription : — 

41  This  monument  was  erected  by  contribution  in  ye  year  1743 
to  ye  memory  of  Henry  Jenkins." 
On  the  west  side  also  are  cut  the  name  and  age  of  the 
patriarch. 

Few  things  are  more  interesting  than  the  investigation  of 
such  a  case  as  this,  for  so  closely  does  the  question  of  life  and 
death  touch  us  all  that  we  are  to  a  man  more  or  less  attracted 
by  the  abnormal  strangeness  of  a  life  prolonged  so  enormously 
beyond  the  usual  allotted  space.  The  late  vicar  of  Bolton,  the 
Bev.  A.  Cumby,  was  at  great  pains  to  collect  and  arrange  the 
evidence  bearing  upon  the  case,  and  he  seems  to  have  exhausted 
every  possible  source  of  information. 

The  principal  evidences  that  prove  or  corroborate  the  age  as- 
signed to  Henry  Jenkins  by  the  inscription  on  his  monument 
and  by  common  report  are  given  in  various  publications,  and 
most  completely  in  Clarkson's  History  of  Richmond ;  but  no- 
where is  a  sufficient  distinction  drawn  between  those  which 
seem  to  be  merely  traditional  and  those  which  rest  on  better 
authority.  In  these  notes  the  credibility  of  the  witnesses  and 
the  possibility  of  the  fact  which  they  assert  are  examined : — 

I.  In  Clarkson's  History  of  Richmond  (note  p.  396)  we  are 
told  of  "  A  Commission  out  of  the  Court  of  Exchequer,  dated 
12  Feby.  19  Charles  II.,  authorising  George  Wright,  Joseph 
Chapman,  John  Burnett,  and  Richard  Faucett,  gents.,  to  ex- 
amine witnesses  as  well  on  the  part  of  the  plaintiff  as  defendant 
in  a  tythe  cause  between  Charles  Anthony,  vicar  of  Catterick, 
complainant,  and  Calvert  Smithson,  owner  and  occupier  of 
lands  in  Kipling,  in  the  parish  of  Catterick ; 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE.  69 

Depositions  taken  in  the  house  of  John  Stairman,  at  Catterick, 
co.  Ebor :  on  the  15th  April,  1667  :— 

Henry  Jenkins,  of  Ellerton-upon-Swale,  labourer,  aged  157, 
or  thereabouts,  swore  and  examined,  says,  "  that  he  has  known 
the  parties  seven  years,  that  the  tithes  of  lambs,  calves,  wool, 
colts,  chickens,  goslings,  pigs,  apples,  pears,  plums,  flax,  hemp, 
fruit,  and  multure  of  mills  were  paid  in  kind  by  one  Mr. 
Calvert,1  the  owner  of  the  lordship  or  manor  of  Kipling,  to  one 
Mr.  Thriscroft,  above  threescore  years  since  the  vicar  of  Catte- 
rick, and  were  so  paid  in  kind  during  the  time  of  his  the  said 
Mr.  Thriscroft's  continuance ;  and  after  the  tithes  of  Kipling 
were  paid  in  kind  to  one  Richard  Fawcett,  deceased,  for  many 
years  together  as  vicar  of  Catterick;  and  that  this  deponent 
never  knew  of  any  customary  tithes  paid  by  any  of  the  owners 
or  occupiers  of  the  lordship  or  manor  of  Kipling,  or  any  other 
of  the  towns  or  hamlets  within  the  said  parish  of  Catterick, 
but  all  such  particulars  named  in  the  interrogatories  were  ever 
paid  in  kind  to  the  vicar  there  for  the* time  being." 

This  document,  Mr.  Clarkson  adds,  was  copied  in  Sept.,  1819: 
II.  From  the  Philosophical  Transactions  of  the  Royal 
Society,2  (Abridgment,  vol.  iv.,  p.  92) :— "  On  the  great  age  of 
Henry  Jenkins ;  in  a  letter  from  Mrs.  Anne  Savile*  to  Dr. 
Tancred  Robinson,  F.R.S.,4  with  his  remarks  upon  it.  No. 
221,  p.  266. 

"  When  I  first  came  to  live  at  Bolton  it  was  told  me  that 
there  lived  in  that  parish  a  man  near  150  years  old ;  that  he 
had  sworn  as  a  witness  in  a  cause  at  York  to  120  years,  which 
the  judge  reproving  him  for,  he  said  he  was  butler  at  that  time 
to  Lord  Conyers,6  and  they  told  me  that  it  was  reported  his 
name  was  found  in  some  old  register  of  the  Lord  Conyers' 
menial  servants.     Being  one  day  in  my  sister's  kitchen,  Henry 

1  Geo.  Calvert,  Esq.,  of  Kiplin,  was  created  Baron  Baltimore  of  Baltimore, 
in  the  county  of  Longford,  a.d.  1624. 

Henry  Tbriscroft  was  vicar  of  Catterick  from  1594  till  1G03,  and  Richard 
Fancett  from  1603  till  1660,  when  he  was  succeeded  by  Charles  Anthony. 

a  In  the  year  1809  the  Philosophical  Transactions  of  the  Royal  Society 
from  the  year  1665  to  1800  were  abridged  and  republished  by  Drs.  Chas, 
Hntton,  Geo.  Shaw,  and  Richard  Pearson.    We  quote  from  the  Abridgement. 

3  John  Savile,  Esq.,  of  Methley,  a  direct  ancestor  of  John,  first  Earl  of 
Mexborough,  had  several  daughters,  among  whom  were  Anne,  the  author  of 
this  letter,  and  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Leonard  Wastell,  Esq.,  of  Bolton-on-Swale. 
Both  these  ladies  were  residing  with  Mr.  Wastell  at  the  time  of  his  death, 
a.d.  1665,  in  which  year  the  interview  with  Henry  Jenkirs  took  place. 

*  Tancred,  second  son  of  Thomas  Robinson,  Esq.,  and  own  brother  to  Sir 
William  Robinson,  Bart.,  (direct  ancestor  of  Thomas,  first  Lord  Grantham) ; 
he  was  M.D.  and  F.R.8.,  and  was  knighted  on  his  appointment  as  physician 
to  George  I.  A  list  of  his  works  is  given  in  Watts'  Bjbliotheca  Britannica, 
They  consist  of  seven  papers  published  in  the  Transactions  of  the  Royal 
Society,  and  show  that  he  was  the  friend  of  Ray  and  other  distinguished 
utaralists,  and  bad  visited  Italy  for  scientific  purposes. 

s  Of  Hornby  Castle,  ancestor  to  the  Duke  of  Leeds. 


60  YORKSHIRE    FOLKLORE. 

Jenkins  coming  in  to  beg  an  alms,  I  had  a  mind  to  examine 
him.  I  told  him  that  he  was  an  old  man  who  must  soon  expect 
to  give  an  account  to  God  of  all  he  did  or  said,  and  I  desired 
him  to  tell  me  very  truly  how  old  he  was ;  on  which  he  paused 
a  little,  and  then  said  to  the  best  of  his  remembrance  he  was 
about  162  or  168.  I  asked  him  what  kings  he  remembered  ?  he 
said  Henry  VIII.  I  asked  him  what  public  thing  he  could 
longest  remember  ?  he  said  Flodden  field.  I  asked  whether  the 
king  was  there  ?  he  said  no,  he  was  in  France,  and  the  Earl  of 
Surrey  was  general.  I  asked  him  how  old  he  might  be  then  ? 
he  said  he  believed  between  10  or  12,  "for,"  says  he,  "I  was 
sent  to  Northallerton  with  a  horse- load  of  arrows,  but  they  sent 
a  bigger  boy  from  thence  to  the  army  with  them."  I  thought 
by  these  marks  1  might  find  something  in  histories,  and  looking 
in  an  old  chronicle  I  found  that  Flodden  Field  was  about  152 
years  before,  so  that  if  he  was  10  or  11  years  old,  ho  must  be 
162  or  163,  as  he  said  when  I  examined  him.  I  found  that 
bows  and  arrows  were  then  used,  and  that  the  earl  he  named 
was  then  general,  and  that  King  Henry  VIII.  was  then  at 
Tournay,6  so  that  I  don't  know  what  to  answer  to  the  consis- 
tencies of  these  things,  for  Henry  Jenkins  was  a  poor  man,  and 
could  neither  write  nor  read.  There  were  also  four  or  five  in 
the  same  parish7  that  were  reputed  all  of  them  to  be  100  years 
old,  or  within  2  or  3  years  of  it,  and  they  all  said  he  was  an 
elderly  man  ever  since  they  knew  him,  for  he  was  born  in 
another  parish  and  before  any  register  was  in  churches  as  it  is 
said ;  he  told  me  he  was  butler  to  the  Lord  Conyers,  and  re- 
membered  the  Abbot  of  Fountain's  Abbey  very  well,  who  used 
to  drink  a  glass8  with  his  lord  heartily,  and  that  the  dissolution 
of  the  monasteries  he  said  he  well  remembered. 

"Ann  Saytle." 
"This  Henry  Jenkins  died  Dec.  8,  1670,  at  Ellerton-on- 
Swale.     The  battle  of  Flodden  Field  was  fought  on  the  9th  of 
Sept.,  1513.     Henry  Jenkins  was  12  years  old  when  Flodden 

6  Both  Hollinshed  and  Hail  repeatedly  mention  the  siege  of  Tournay  by 
Henry  VIII.  as  contemporary  with  the  battle  of  Flodden ;  it  was  probably 
one  or  other  of  these  historians  whose  chronicle  Miss  8avile  consulted. 

7  During  the  interval  between  the  year  1664  and  1684,  the  register  of 
burials  at  Bolton-on-Swale  is  carefully  kept  and  in  the  handwriting  of  Chas. 
Anthony,  vicar  of  Catterick.  He  notices  fifty-five  persons  as  "aged"  or 
"  ancient,"  and  three  as  "  very  aged."  Among  these  is  ••  1670,  Decern,  9. 
Henry  Jenkins,  a  very  aged  and  poore  man  of  EUerton."  In  the  same  year 
fourteen  others  are  noticed  as  "  aged,"— the  exact  age  is  never  given  for  about 
a  century  afterwards.  In  1668  Jenkins  seems  to  have  lost  his  wife,  and  these 
two  entries  are  the  only  ones  where  the  name  of  Jenkins  occurs  in  the  Bolton 
registers. 

8  Jenkins  might  have  used  this  very  word,  for  drinking-glasses  though 
little  used  in  England  before  the  dissolution  of  monasteries,  were  common  in 
the  reigns  of  Elizabeth  and  James  I.  Bee  Shakesp.  2nd  part  of  E.  Hen.  IV. 
Act  II.,  8c.  1. 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE.  61 

Field  was  fought,  so  that  he  lived  169  years.  Old  Parr  lived 
152  years. and  9  months,  so  that  Henry  Jenkins  outlived  him 
by  computation  16  years,  and  was  the  oldest  man  born  on  the 
ruins  of  this  po6t-diluvian  world."9         % 

"  This  Henry  Jenkins,  in  the  last  century  of  his  life,  was  a 
fisherman,  and  used  to  wade  in  the  streams.  His  diet  was 
coarse  and  sour,  but  towards  the  latter  end  of  his  days  he 
begged  up  and  down.  He  has  sworn  in  Chancery  and  other 
courts  to  above  140  years'  memory,  and  was  often  at  the  Assizes 
at  York,  whither  he  generally  went  a-foot,  and  I  have  heard 
some  of  the  country  gentlemen10  affirm  that  he  frequently  swam 
in  the  rivers  after  he  was  past  the  age  of  100  years. 

IH.  Miss  Savile  sent  a  copy  of  her  statement  to  Sir  Richard 
Graham,  of  Norton  Conyers ;  a  transcript  of  this  was  afterwards 
given  to  Roger  Gale,  of  Scruton,11  by  Sir  Reginald  Graham, 
with  the  following  note  from  himself : — 

"  Sir, — I  have  sent  you  an  account  of  Henry  Jenkins  as  I 
find  it  in  my  grandfather's  Household  Book — the  time  of  his 
death  is  mentioned  under  the  letter  as  I  have  set  it  down ;  it 
seems  not  to  have  been  the  same  hand ;  he  must  have  lived 
some  time  after  Mrs.  Savile  sent  this  account  to  Sir  Richard ; 
1  have  heard13  Sir  Richard  was  sheriff  when  Jenkins  gave  evi- 
dence to  six  score  years  in  a  cause  betwixt  Mr.  How18  and  Mrs. 
Wastell14  of  Ellerton.  The  judge  asked  him  how  he  got  his 
living  ?  he  said  '  by  thatching  houses  and  fishing/ 

I  am,  sir,  your  most  humble  servant, 
Norton,  26  Aug.,  1789-40.  .  R.  Gbaham." 

9  This  sentence  seems  to  be  from  the  pen  of  Dr.  Robinson,  and  it  is  difficult 
to  say  what  he  means  1>y  it ;  the  ages  of  the  post-diluvian  patriarch  are  given 
infra. 

10  At  this  time  within  three  or  four  miles  of  Bolton,  no  less  than  eighty 
hall-houses  were  occupied  by  their  owners  or  by  wealthy  tenants,  and  at 
greater  distances  in  the  same  proportion ;  among  those  latter  we  may  mention 
Scrnton,  the  residence  of  the  most  learned  man  of  his  day,  Dr.  Thomas  Gale, 
Dean  of  York,  and  Greek  Professor  in  the  University  of  Cambridge. 

U A  very  learned  antiquary,  son  of  a  Dean  of  York.  He  received  this  letter 
in  1740,  and  the  monuments  at  Bolton  were  erected  in  1743  ;  it  is  therefore 
not  improbable  that  he  may  have  been  a  contributor  towards  them. 

13  Sir  Reginald  has  been  misinformed.  Richard,  the  first  of  the  Yorkshire 
branch  of  the  Graham  family  was  Sheriff  for  the  first  time  in  1680,  ten  years 
after  Jenkins*  death. 

13  John  Grubham  Howe,  Esq.,  brother  to  the  first  Viscount  Howe ;  he  was 
M.ft  for  Gloucestershire  in  the  reigns  of  William  and  Mary,  and  also  of 
Qneen  Anne,  who  made  him  a  Privy  Councillor ;  he  died  in  the  year  1722, 
and  his  Yorkshire  estates,  including  the  manor  of  Ellerton,  were  sold  to  Mr. 
Chr.  Crowe. 

U  Mrs.  WastelTs  husband  died  in  1671,  the  year  after  Jenkins'  death ;  but 
she  continued  to  reside  at  Ellerton  for  several  (perhaps  many)  years,  and  was 
perhaps  better  known  as  a  widow,  so  that  Sir  Reginald  calls  her  so,  though 
the  suit  must  have  been  commenced  in  her  husband's  life-time.  Her  husband 
was  one  of  the  Bolton  family,  and  Ellerton  Manor  was  a  jointure  house. 


62  YORKSHIRE    FOLKLORE. 

Then  follows  a  transcript  of  the  letter  already  given,  and 
then  the  following  postscript : — 

44  This  letter  is  without  date,  but  appears  to  have  been  written 
by  Mrs.  Bavell  in  the  year  1661  or  1662  by  what  she  says  of 
the  time  when  she  examined  the  old  man  compared  with  that 
of  Flodden  Field,  and  was  eight  or  nine  years  before  he  died, 
for  I  found  his  burial  in  the  register  of  Bolton  Church  thus — 
4  December  the  9th,  1670,  Henry  Jenkins,  a  very  old  poor  man/ 

And  was  also  showed  his  grave.15 

B.  Gbaham." 

These  papers  were  sent  by  Mr.  Gale  to  Dr.  Lyttleton,  Bishop 
of  Carlisle,  who,  in  the  year  1766,  read  them  before  the  Anti- 
quarian Society,  of  which  he  was  president.  They  are  given  by 
Mr.  Clarkson,  Appendix  No.  XLV. 

IV.  Prideaux  Connection,  Book  V.,  p.  278,  of  8vo  edition, 
speaks  of  Parr,  who  lived  to  the  age  of  152,  and  Jenkinson  to 
that  of  160.  It  is  clear  that,  notwithstanding  the  misnomer, 
Henry  Jenkins  is  the  person  here  intended.  The  possibility  of 
attaining  such  an  age  somewhat  invalidates  the  Dean's  argu- 
ment respecting  an  important  prophecy  contained  in  the  Book 
of  Daniel,  and  he  meets  the  objection  on  other  grounds,  without 
questioning  the  169  years,  which  he  regards  as  an  admitted 
fact.     The  book  was  published  in  1715. 

V.  More  than  seventy  years  after  Jenkins'  death  a  subscrip- 
tion was  set  on  foot  for  the  erection  of  a  monument  to  his 
memory  in  Bolton  Church.  We  are  unable  to  say  who  proposed 
the  subscription,  what  sum  was  raised,  or  who  were  the 
subscribers. 

The  inscriptions  on  the  tablet  in  the  church  and  on  the 
monument  in  the  churchyard  we  have  already  given. 

VI.  In  the  year  1752  Thomas  Worlidge  engraved  a  head  of 
Jenkins.  It  professes  to  be  "  taken  from  an  original  painting 
done  by  Walker/'  Robert  Walker  died  in  the  year  1658.  He 
was  painter  to  the  Protector,  and  his  pictures  of  him  and  his 
generals  are  numerous  and  very  valuable.  Jenkins  seems  to 
have  been  little  known  before  the  year  1660,  and  it  might  be 
thought  unlikely  that  he  should  have  attracted  the  notice  of  a 
great  court  painter ;  but  we  have  other  proof  of  the  existence 
of  a  portrait  of  him.  M.  de  Bomare,  a  distinguished  French 
naturlist,  in  his  Dictionary  of  Natural  History,  vol.  iv.  p.  441 
(Dictionnaire  raissonne  universel  de  THistoire  Naturelle,  pay  M. 
Valmont  de  Bomare,  Paris,  8vo,  1764),  mentions  the  great  ago 
of — 1st,  Henry  Jenkins,  an  Englishman,  who  died  in  1670, 
aged  169  years ;  2nd,  John  Bovin,  born  at  Czatlova-Carants- 
Bitcher,  in  the  Bannat  of  Temeswar,  who  lived  172  years,  and 

15  Sir  Reginald  does  not  say  in  what  year  he  visited  Bolton  Churchyard, 
bat  it  was  certainly  prior  to  the  year  1740 ;  the  tomb  would  therefore  doubt- 
less be  erected  on  the  Bpot  previously  known  as  Jenkins1  grave. 


YORKSHIRE    FOLKLORE.  68 

his  wife  164.  They  lived  together  147  years,  and  at  the  time 
of  Rovin's  death  their  grandson  was  99  years  old.  Also,  8rd, 
Peter  Zorten,  a  peasant  in  the  same  district,  who  died  in  the 
year  1724,  at  the  age  of  185  years.  Fall  length  portraits  of 
these  three  centenarians  are  in  the  library  of  Prince  Charles  at 
Brussels :  So  far  M.  de  Bomare.  Prince  Charles  of  Lorraine, 
brother  to  the  Emperor  Francis  I.,  was  governor  of  the  Nether- 
lands from  1745  to  1781 ;  he  was  rich  and  a  great  favourite 
with  the  Empress  Maria  Theresa,  his  sister-in-law ;  after  his 
death  in  the  year  last  named  his  library  and  pictures  were  sold 
by  auction.  Worlidge's  print  is  a  mere  head,  and  the  Prince's 
picture  is  said  to  have  been  full  length ;  but  it  appears  at  least 
that  a  portrait  of  Jenkins  did  exist  at  the  end  of  the  last  century. 

VII.  At  the  foot  of  the  engraving  is  a  copy  of  the  inscription 
on  the  monument  in  Bolton  Church,  together  with  a  short 
account  of  Jenkins,  taken  it  would  seem  from  Dr.  Robinson's 
publication,  and  adding  that  in  the  King's  Remembrancer's 
Office  in  the  Exchequer  is  a  record  of  a  deposition  made  by 
Jenkins  in  the  year  1665,  in  a  cause  between  Anthony  Clark 
and  Sniirkson,  taken  at  Kettering,  in  Yorkshire.  This  is  per- 
haps a  mistaken  account  of  the  deposition  already  mentioned 
as  taken  in  1667,  at  Catterick,  in  a  cause  between  Charles 
Anthony,  Clerk,  and  Calvert  Smithaon. 

The  records  in  the  Queen's  Remembrancer's  Office  have  been 
transferred  elsewhere,  and  though  search  has  been  made  in  their 
new  repository  we  have  not  succeeded  in  finding  either  docu- 
ment ;  but  that  mentioned  by  Mr.  Clarkson  as  copied  in  1819 
may  obviously  be  relied  on  as  being  then  in  existence. 

Records  of  the  Assize  Courts  at  York  are  said  to  be  preserved 
in  London,  but  they  merely  give  the  cause  tried  and  the  decision 
of  the  Court,  without  stating  any  particulars  of  the  evidence  or 
the  names  of  the  witnesses. 

There  seems  to  be  three  distinct  instances  mentioned  of 
Jenkins  giving  evidence  in  a  court  of  justice — (1)  That  mentioned 
by  Miss  Savile,  where  he  asserted  that  he  had  been  Lord  Con- 
yew*  butler  120  years  before ;  this  may  have  taken  place  in 
1655,  when  he  was  146  years  old ;  the  point  in  dispute  according 
to  Mr.  Clarkson  was  a  right  of  way.  (2)  The  deposition  made 
at  Catterick  in  166716  when  he  was  157  years  old.  (3)  The  trial 
at  York,  where  he  was  witness  on  the  part  of  Mrs.  Wastell,  of 
Ellerton,  (see  Sir  Reginald  Graham's  letter). 

It  is  of  this  last  trial  that  Mr.  Clarkson  gives  the  account 
that  Mrs.  WastelTs  agent  found  at  Ellerton  a  son  and  grandson 

H  Some  of  the  printed  accounts  mentioned  also  a  trial  in  the  year  1667 
between  the  vicar  of  Catterick  and  John  and  Peter  Mawbank,  in  which 
Jenkins  deposed  as  a  witness.  Clarkson  does  not  mention  it.  Two  farmers 
Peter  and  William  Wawbank  (i.e.,  Walbank)  were  living  at  Uckerby  at  that 
time. 


/ 


/ 


64  YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 

of  Henry  Jenkins,  both  of  whom  were  much  more  infirm  in 
memory  and  in  body  than  the  patriarch  himself;  but  the 
registers  above  cited  make  it  probable  that  no  one  of  the  name 
except  Henry  Jenkins  and  his  wife  was  buried  at  Bolton  6ince 
the  year  1658,  when  those  registers  commence. 

VIII.  The  law  suits  in  which  Jenkins1  depositions  were  ad- 
mitted show  that  the  Court  thought  he  had  no  intention  to 
deceive,  and  that  his  assertion  might  be  allowed  as  evidence  of 
ancient  usage  to  the  extent  of  eighty  or  a  hundred  years.  The 
principal  evidence  of  the  169  years  is  Miss  Savile's  examination 
and  letters ;  her  integrity  and  judgment  are  beyond  dispute ; 
her  account  tells  us  what  Jenkins'  own  assertion  and  belief 
were,  and  the  reasons  he  gave  for  them ;  the  letters  with  other 
corroborative  proofs  establish  the  fact  that  Jenkins  was  fre- 
quently talked  to  and  questioned  about  his  age,  not  by  his  own 
poor  neighbours  only,  but  by  well-informed  persons  able  to 
detect  an  anachronism  or  contradiction  of  known  historical 
facts. 

Jenkins1  fame  in  his  own  neighbourhood  would  be  kept  up 
and  maintained  by  the  paper  read  before  the  Royal  Society ;  that 
society  was  then  popular  and  fashionable,  and  Dr.  Robinson,  a 
distinguished  naturalist  and  court  physician.  The  notice  in 
Prideaux'  Connection  sufficiently  shows  how  extensively  Jenkins 
was  credited  at  the  beginning  of  the  last  century ;  some  of  the 
things  told  of  him  may  be  proved  impossible  or  false,  but  this 
does  not  invalidate  the  truth  of  what  had  already  been  com- 
mitted to  writing,  while  they  certainly  show  that  the  main  fact, 
his  great  age,  was  very  universally  admitted. 

The  publication  of  Miss  Savile's  letters  and  the  erection  of 
the  monument  in  Bolton  Church  would  be  a  sort  of  double  test 
and  challenge  to  all  who  might  be  inclined  to  dispute  the  matter. 
The  gentlemen  who  remembered  Jenkins  could  scarcely  all  of 
them  have  been  ignorant  of  Sir  Tancred  Bobinson's  publication, 
and  would  have  contradicted  it  either  publicly  or  privately  had 
they  believed  it  false  in  any  essential  point ;  yet  the  sons  of 
these  men  must  have  known  and  some  of  them  contributed  to 
the  monument  erected  in  1748.  At  that  time  the  residents  in 
the  parish  seem  to  have  been  as  numerous  and  respectable  as 
they  had  been  seventy  years  before.17  The  church  registers 
furnish  no  evidence  either  way;  and  if  the  assertion,  "my 
father  knew  and  conversed  with  Jenkins  and  believed  what  he 
said  of  himself,"  had  been  met  by  a  counter  assertion,  "  my 
father,  or  uncle,  had  conversed  with  Jenkins,  and  gave  no  credit 
to  what  he  said,"  in  this  case  the  subscription  for  a  monument 
could  never  have  succeeded — public  opinion  would  have  been 
on  the  side  of  the  doubters. 


J  7  In  the  parish  of  Bolton  were  Chr.  Crowe,  Leonard  Bower,  and  John 
Wright,  Esqa.,  and  the  Bev.  John  Noblo,  Master  of  the  Grammar  School. 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE.  65 

The  history  of  the  portrait  is  not  wholly  satisfactory,  and 
does  not  bear  directly  on  the  question  of  Jenkins'  age ;  we  have 
seen  that  he  attended  the  York  Assizes  in  1655  or  earlier.  A 
great  provincial  metropolis  where  many  distinguished  Yorkshire 
families  had  houses  and  resided  a  part  of  the  year,  might  well 
be  visited  by  a  portrait  painter,  and  the  remarkable  face  which 
the  engraving  exhibits  would  be  as  likely  to  attract  his  notice. 
Prince  Charles  would  scarcely  buy  an  inferior  picture  or  an 
imaginary  portrait ;  the  facts  certainly  tend  to  show  that  belief 
in  Jenkins'  great  age  was  general  and  well  founded.  The  en- 
graving was  published  ten  years  after  the  erection  of  the 
monument  at  the  price  of  2s. ;  the  publisher  must  have  reckoned 
upon  a  very  extensive  sale  to  make  such  a  price  remunerative. 

The  publication  of  the  engraving  may  serve  also  to  show  that 
the  subscription  for  the  monument  ten  years  before  was  not 
got  up  through  the  caprice  or  money  of  a  single  individual. 
Had  it  been  so,  it  would  have  been  regarded  either  with  indiffer- 
ence or  with  ridicule;  whereas  we  find  the  inscription  published 
in  the  Gentleman's  Magazine  in  1749,  and  ten  years  later 
Scott,  the  great  commentator  on  the  Bible,  seemed  to  think 
that  Jenkins  and  his  monument  had  made  Bolton  famous.  (See 
Scott's  life,  p.  6.) 

The  evidences  we  have  collected  show  clearly  that  those  who 
questioned  Jenkins  were  satisfied  of  the  truth  of  his  statements, 
that  they  were  numerous  and  some  of  them  well-informed  per- 
sons, of  judgment  and  intelligence,  able  and  willing  to  detect  a 
falsehood ;  still  the  fact  of  his  great  age  rests  primarily  on  his 
own  assertion,  nor  under  the  circumstances  could  it  easily  have 
rested  on  any  other.  But  the  improbability  of  his  passing 
successfully  examinations  to  which  he  was  subjected  is  on 
several  accounts  very  considerable.  He  had  no  access  to  any 
written  records,  and  the  old  chronicles,  consulted  by  those  who 
questioned  him,  abound  in  minute  particulars  of  time,  place, 
and  persons,  precisely  the  kind  of  things  that  would  be  likely 
to  remain  in  his  memory  if  he  really  remembered  them,  and  to 
puzzle  and  confute  him  if  he  did  not.  We  can  fancy  only  two 
ways  which  promise  any  chance  of  success  in  such  an  imposture 
—either  that  he  was  somewhat  younger,  ten  or  fifteen  years 
perhaps,  than  he  asserted  himself  to  be,  and  that  he  told  as  of 
himself  things  which  as  a  boy  he  remembered  hearing  talked  of; 
or  that  he  had  been  for  several  years  the  friend  and  associate 
of  some  intelligent  old  man  greatly  his  senior,  and  afterwards 
told  his  friend's  reminiscences  as  if  they  were  his  own  and  had 
happened  to  himself.  Let  any  person  of  education  endeavour 
on  such  data  only  and  without  the  aid  of  books  to  arrange  and 
execute  an  imposture,  and  then  let  him  imagine  how  far  a 
footman,  or  butler,  unaccustomed  to  the  study  of  history  or 
fiction  would  be  likely  to  succeed  in  the  same  attempt. 

T.F-L.  p 


66  Y0RK6SIRE    FOLK-LORE. 

The  statements  which  the  other  old  people  of  Ellerton  and 
Bolton  made  to  Miss  Savile  respecting  Jenkins  would  be  little 
to  the  purpose  unless  they  had  meant  that  he  was  an  old  man 
when  they  were  young,  ie.,  about  the  year  1600,  for  they  were 
about  100  years  of  age  in  1664,  the  time  of  which  Miss  Savik 
speaks;  they  imply  also  that  he  had  resided  in  or  near  the 
parish  of  Bolton  ever  Bince  they  knew  him ;  if  so  he  must  have 
told  his  stories  about  Flodden  and  the  reign  of  Henry  VIII. 
from  the  year  1600  to  1664  without  having  been  convicted  of 
falsehood. 

We  ought  also  to  bear  in  mind  that  he  lived  during  the 
[Reformation  and  through  the  great  Rebellion ;  whichever  party 
he  sympathised  with,  whether  Popish  or  Protestant,  Cavalier 
or  Roundhead,  he  would  have  the  importance  of  religion  and 
the  obligation  of  an  oath  strongly  brought  before  him,  and  this 
applies  especially  to  his  depositions  as  a  witness  in  trials 
respecting  property." 

o— — 

Abkenoabthdale. — As  an  illustration  of  Christian  names 
derived  from  the  Bible,  allow  me  to  mention  that  a  few  years 
ago  I  married  in  the  Church  of  this  place  a  couple  whose 
Christian  names  were  respectively  Obadiah  and  Tabitha.  Many 
of  our  Christian  names  are,  however,  derived  from  medieval 
and  other  sources,  as  Anthony,  George,  Edward,  Robert, 
Richard,  William,  Ambrose,  Sylvester,  Margaret,  Catharine, 
Ann,  Vincent,  Cuthbert,  Leonard,  Hugh,  Lancelot.  At  the 
present  time  "fancy"  names,  as  the  people  here  call  them,  seem 
to  be  in  favour ;  thus  one  boy  has  been  baptized  among  the 
Wesleyans  in  the  name  of  Oliver  Cromwell,  another  Admiral. 
With  regard  to  the  initials  C.  B.,  (p.  22,)  the  sign  of  the  chief 
inn  in  the  dale,  they  stand  for  Charles  Bathurst,  Esq.,  who  in 
the  18th  century  had  large  share  of  the  ownership  of  the  Manor, 
with  its  lead-mines.  These  mines  were  worked  in  the  reign  of 
King  John,  if  they  were  not,  as  is  very  probable,  worked  by  the 
Romans.  J.T. 


Striking  thx  Luck.— What  was  the  nature  of  the  custom  of 
dealers  in  horses  striking  the  luck  of  the  guinea  when  horses 
were  sold.  My  grandfather,  Thomas  Busby,  native  of  Holme, 
Yorkshire,  bought  a  horse  at  a  fair  at  some  Common  and  struck 
the  luck  of  a  guinea  and  lost  it.  The  next  year  he  bought 
another  horBe  at  the  same  place  and  was  asked  to  strike  the 
luck  of  a  guinea.  He  said,  "  No,  this  day  twelve  months  ago, 
I  bought  a  horse  at  this  very  place,  and  struck  the  luck  of  a 
guinea  and  lost  it,"  the  same  time  poking  with  his  stick  in  the 
ground  he  recovered  the  lost  guinea. 

M.  T.  Mobball,  Matlock. 


YORKSHIRE    FOLKLORE. 


67 


INTRODUCTORY. 

One  of  the  most  in- 
teresting books  in  the 
Annals  of  Scottish  liter- 
ature is  Dean  Ramsay's 
''Reminiscences  of 
Scottish  Life  &  Charac- 
ter ," — a  work  chiefly 
composed  of  anecdotes, 
ho  arranged  as  to  throw 
a  flood  of  light 
upon  the  vari- 
ous   phases   of 
Scottish  charac- 
ter, of  which  the 
compiler  treats. 
A     similar 
work  to  thiB  is 
wanted  on  be- 
half  of   York- 
shire, a  county 
brimful       of 
humorous, 
quaint  and  ec- 
centric charac- 
ter,   and    with 
abundant    ma- 
terial scattered 
here  and  there 
in  its  folk-lore 
and   literature. 

When  the  Rev.  S.  Baring-Gould  first  contemplated  his  work  on 
"  Yorkshire  Oddities,"  a  friend  of  his  assured  him  that  he  little 
knew  the  gravity  of  the  task  he  had  undertaken,  "for,"  said  he, 
"every  other  Yorkshireman  you  meet  is  a  'character'."  The 
work,  however,  was  carried  to  a  successful  completion,  and 
although  it  only  touches  upon  some  curious  and  out-of-the-way 
phases  of  Yorkshire  Character,  yet  it  remains  an  interesting 
and  valuable  contribution  to  the  subject. 

This  is  more  than  can  be  said  of  Mrs.  GaskelTs  attempt  (in 
her  "  Life  of  Charlotte  Bronte,")  to  paint  the  Yorkshireman  as 
he  is  supposed  to  exist  in  certain  wild  and  isolated  corners  of 
the  broad  county.  The  grim  and  uncivilised  creature  that  she 
has  painted  (based  upon  a  few  extravagant  stories  she  has 


68  YORKSHIKE    FOLK-LOBE. 

picked  up)  is  no  more  the  typical  Yorkshireman  of  the  moors 
and  mountains,  than  is  the  idiotic  lampoon  depicted  upon  the 
London  stage — the  "  John  Chawbacon  "  sort  of  fellow  that  most 
Cockneys  believe  him  to  be. 

In  giving  some  illustrations  of  Yorkshire  Character  by  means 
of  Anecdote,  in  these  pages,  no  attempt  at  classification  or 
arrangement,  will  be  made.  The  compiler  will  simply  confine 
himself  to  incidents  that  come  within  his  own  knowledge  and 
for  the  truth  of  which  he  can  in  most  instances  vouch.  Were 
he  to  overstep  the  bounds  of  this  restriction,  the  resources  of 
his  portfolio  of  "  Yorkshire  Anecdote,"  might  fill  untold  pages 
of  the  Yorkshire  Notes  and  Queries. 


Some  years  ago  there  lived  in  Bradford  two  men,  respectively 
named  Hirst  and  Lister,  who  were  remarkable  for  their  size  and 
build.  To  appear  in  the  streets  in  open  day  was  quite  enough 
to  draw  a  small  crowd  about  them. 

They  were  once  sent  to  London  to  give  certain  evidence 
before  a  Committee  of  the  House  of  Commons. 

On  their  entering  the  room  where  the  gentlemen  sat,  the 
Chairman,  struck  by  their  portly  appearance,  and  wishing  to 
crack  a  joke  at  their  expense,  asked  if  he  might  take  them  as 
a  fair  sample  of  Yorkshiremen,  "0,  dear  no  I "  replied  Hirst 
very  coolly,  "we  are  mere  shrimps  compared  to  some 'of  'em." 
The  hearty  laughter  that  followed  somewhat  disconcerted  the 
Chairman,  who  felt  that  the  joke  was  not  all  on  his  side. 


I  have  heard  my  father,  who  came  from  near  York,  vouch  for 
the  truth  of  the  following  story. — 

Some  years  ago,  when  hanging  for  sheep  stealing  was  in 
vogue,  a  farmer  who  lived  within  a  few  miles  of  York,  was 
charged  with  having  committed  a  crime  of  that  sort  and  con- 
demned to  be  hanged.  On  the  day  previous  to  his  execution 
his  wife  came  to  see  him  and,  with  an  eye  to  the  progress  of 
business  matters  at  home,  asked  him  where  the  beans  were  to 
be  sown  in  the  coming  spring.  After  a  moment's  reflection  the 
poor  man  exclaimed,  "  I  really  don't  know,  lass,  sow  'em  where 
tha'  likes,  I  never  was  so  grieved  in  my  life." 


How  delightfully  innocent  was  the  mistake  made  by  an  old 
woman  in  Wensleydale,  when  entering  a  Church  for  the  first 
time  in  her  life.  Even  then  she  somehow  contrived  to  be  late, 
and  the  people  were  just  rising  to  sing.  Struck  by  this  mark 
of  respect  (as  she  took  it)  to  her,  she  exclaimed,  holding  up  her 
hands,  "Neay,  neay,  sit  ye  down  agean;  its  nobbut  Betty 
Bates  aat  o'  Swaledale ;  sit  deown,  preya ! " 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE.  69 

I  have  heard  another  story  hailing  from  Wensleydale,  of  a 
certain  old  lady,  who,  on  hearing  one  of  two  benighted  travellers 
whom  she  had  taken  in  for  the  night  from  stress  of  weather, 
read  aloud  from  his  pocket  Shakespeare,  exclaimed  "  Ay,  well, 
it  fair  does  one's  heart  gooid  to  hear  t'  Scripter  read  so  nicely." 

The  Bradford  and  Wakefield  Chronicle  of  October  15,  1825, 
records  a  wonderful  instance  of  fortitude  in  the  case  of  a  boy, 
who  was  then  working  in  the  coal  mines  at  Bowling,  near 
Bradford.  The  poor  lad  had  the  misfortune  to  have  one  of  his 
toes  cut  off  by  the  fall  of  a  large  stone.  He,  however,  managed 
to  stop  the  bleeding,  and,  wrapping  up  the  toe  in  a  bit  of  brown 
paper,  pursued  his  work  till  night.  He  then  came  down  to 
Bradford  and  applied  to  a  Surgeon  to  have  it  set  on  again, 
coolly  producing  it  out  of  his  waistcoat  pocket  where  it  had 
been  for  nearly  eight  hours.  Bravo,  Son  of  Iron  1  Here  was 
Bowling  metal  of  the  genuine  ring.  W.S. 
o 

I  was  waiting  at  a  junction  near  Leeds  to  day  for  a  train, 
when  a  working  man  amused  the  score  of  people  that  were 
present  by  affirming  that  he  knew  a  man  with  a  wooden  leg, 
who  was  in  the  habit  of  poking  the  shod-end  into  the  fire  to 
warm  his  toes, — the  toes  that  he  had  lost  some  years  before ; 
and  this  not  as  a  mere  habit  or  sentiment  but  to  quell  the 
'Imaging'  in  his  thigh.  Disrelishing  the  laugh  that  followed 
this  narration,  our  entertainer  affirmed  further  that  a  woman 
in  their  village  had  her  foot  amputated,  and  at  certain  seasons 
felt  the  pangs  of  a  horrid,  old  corn  that  was  buried  with  her 
lost  member.  He  seemed  not  only  to  believe  it  himself,  but  to 
gain  credence  with  some  of  the  rustics.  On  my  expostulation, 
he  suited  me  by  saying  he  would  rather  believe  it  than 
experience  it.  *  *  * 


Two  Oxford  scholars  meeting  on  the  road  with  a  Yorkshire 
ostler,  they  fell  to  bantering  him,  and  told  the  fellow  that  they 
would  prove  him  to  be  either  a  horse  or  an  ass.  "Well," 
said  the  ostler,  "and  I  can  prove  your  saddle  to  be  a  mule." 
"A  mule,"  cried  one  of  them;  "  how  can  that  be?"  "Because," 
said  the  ostler,  "it  is  something  between  a  horse  and  an  ass." 

*  *  * 


The  following  appears  in  a  Liberal  newspaper  of  recent 
date:  Mr.  Robert  Leake,  sen.,  of  Pringle  House,  Normanton, 
is  dead.  Weighing  twenty-six  stone,  he  was  sketched  in  a 
London  illustrated  journal  as  "a  specimen  of  a  Yorkshire  Con- 
servative," on  the  occasion  of  a  Nostell  Priory  demonstration. 
Tory  though  he  was,  he  had  grown  fat  on  Free  Trade  bread. 

*  *  * 


70  YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 

Jin  (Bib  Wousb  anit  its  (Sfrast- 


Paper  Hall,  Bradford. 

Of  the  few  remaining  links  connecting  Bradford  as  a  very 
small  market  town  in  bygone  times,  with  Bradford  as  a  large 
commercial  metropolis  as  we  see  it  to  day,  the  on.ce  stately  old 
mansion  in  Barkerend,  known  as  the  Paper  Hall,  is  about  the 
last  that  is  deserving  of  notice.  But  even  this  relic  of  "  the 
olden  time  "  has  been  so  hacked  and  beaten  out  of  its  former 
shape  and  semblance,  that  it  will  cost  but  few  pangs  of  regret 
when  it  shall  become  necessary  to  remove  it  out  of  sight  al- 
together. 

The  few  traces  that  remain  of  its  original  appearance  suffice 
to  show  that  it  has  been  one  of  Bradford's  finest  mansions.  It 
was  one  of  several  old  houses  of  the  Bradford  Aristocracy  that 
once  clustered  around  the  Parish  Church.  The  long  streets  of 
cottages,  and  small  huckster's  shops  that  are  now  plentiful 
enough  in  this  locality,  were  never  so  much  as  dreamt  of  when 
the  Paper  Hall  was  built.  Green  fields  bordered  both  sides  of 
.the  road,  then  the  only  highway  to  Leeds.  In  front  of  the  hail 
lay  the  glebe  lands  of  the  church,  which  after  changing  hands 
a  great  many  times,  came  into  the  possession  of  the  late  Mr. 


YORKSHIRE    FOLKLORE.  71 

Peekover,  on  a  portion  of  which  he  built  the  mansion  known  as 
Eastbrook  House. 

The  Paper  Hall  stood  then,  as  it  does  now,  with  its  retiring 
oentre  and  its  projecting  wings  to  the  east  and  west.  The 
only  entrance  to  it  was  at  the  front,  and  a  well-dressed  flower 
garden  bloomed  on  each  side  of  its  main  entrance.  All  around 
it  was  a  spacious  Court-yard,  with  all  the  a4junots  for  a  mansion 
of  such  pretensions. 

How  the  place  came  to  be  called  the  Paper  Hall,  or  the  pre- 
cise year  when  it  was  erected,  we  do  not  know,  but  we  do  know 
that  it  was  built  by  William  Bookes,  of  Boyds  Hall,  near 
Halifax,  who  died  on  the  25th  of  October,  1661.  From  the 
Bookes  it  came  by  purchase  into  the  possession  of  the  Bowers, 
one  of  the  oldest  and  most  respectable  of  Bradford  families. 

The  next  stage  in  the  history  of  the  Paper  Hall  is  as  curious 
as  it  is  interesting.  Towards  the  close  of  last  century  it  was 
occupied  by  Mr.  James  Garnett,  and  it  was  during  the  residence 
here  of  that  worthy  soul  that  the  first  spinning  machine  in 
Bradford  was  set  up.  Some  years  ago,  an  old  overlooker  named 
John  Hutton,  formerly  engaged  in  the  factory  of  Mr.  Wm. 
Garnett,  (grandson  of  the  above  named  James)  made  the 
following  statement, — "  I  am  seventy  years  of  age.  When  about 
ten  years-  old  I  went  to  school  in  Barkerend  and  remember 
spinning  machines  being  used  in  the  Paper  Hall  by  Mr.  James 
Garnett,  who  employed  in  the  work  ten  or  a  dozen  hands.  The 
machines  (spinning  mules)  were  turned  by  hand/' 

Mr.  Garnett  resided  in  one  portion  of  the  hall,  while  he  plied 
his  trade  in  the  other  portions  of  it.  In  the  early  struggles  of 
the  Independent  Church  in  Bradford,  the  engagement  of  a  room 
suitable  for  public  worship  was  a  matter  of  no  little  difficulty. 
Until  better  provision  could  be  made  James  Garnett  generously 
offered  the  use  of  one  of  the  large  rooms  in  the  Paper  Hall, 
which  was  gladly  accepted.  Among  those  who  then  composed 
the  small  Independent  community  in  Bradford,  were  the 
honoured  names  of  James  Garnett  and  Eleanor  his  wife,  worthy 
founders  of  a  family  which  in  more  recent  times  has  attained  a 
prominent  position  in  the  Worsted  trade. 

Even  in  the  days  of  James  Garnett,  the  Paper  Hall  could 
boast  of  much  of  its  ancient  splendour.  The  good  man  took  a 
pride  in  making  its  fine  old  oak  glitter  with  the  bees'  wax  and 
oil  with  which  it  was  constantly  rubbed.  To  day,  alas  I  its 
appearance  is  the  very  contrast  of  this,  the  hall  has  been  put 
to  such  "base  uses,"  and  has  been  so  mutilated  and  defaced 
that  it  is  difficult  to  form  a  conception  of  what  it  was  like  in 
bygone  days.  Such  is  its  solidity  however,  that  some  portions 
of  the  building  seem  to  defy  the  ravages  of  time  itself.  In  the 
disturbed  times  of  the  Revolution,  for  the  Paper  Hall  was  com- 
pleted during  the  Commonwealth,  an  Englishman's  home  had 


72  YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 

literally  to  be  his  Castle ;  hence  the  doors  of  the  hall  are  so 
constructed,  being  studded  all  over  with  nails,  and  provided 
with  huge  draw-bars  at  the  back*  as  to  be  capable  of  resisting 
any  attempt  on  the  part  of  the  enemy  to  intrude  upon  the 
privacy  of  the  owner.  All  the  floors,  both  upper  and  lower, 
are  of  solid  old  English  black  oak,  and  every  beam  and  rafter 
is  of  the  same  material,  and  so  also  are  all  the  old  mantel  pieces 
of  the  fire-grates.  What  was  once  the  principal  sitting-room  is 
panelled  from  the  floor  to  the  roof,  the  latter  having  a  carved 
black  oak  cornice  all  the  way  round. 

And  now  having  said  so  much  about  the  old  hall  and  its 
former  owners,  it  is  time  that  we  should  speak  of  its  ghost 
Without  this  its  traditional  history  would  be  quite  incomplete. 
We  have  not  seen  the  ghost  ourselves,  but  we  have  it  on  the 
authority  of  the  blacksmith,  whose  workshop  is  just  behind  the 
hall,  that  it  may  be  both  seen  and  heard.  "  A  pair  of  large 
staring  eyes,  belonging  to  a  face  of  *  gashly '  aspect,  may  often 
be  seen  looking  out  of  the  windows,'*  says  the  smith,  "  and  at 
dead  of  night  mysterious  sounds  are  heard  in  the  old  staircase, 
as  of  someone  treading  restlessly  up  and  down,"  such  sounds 
betokening  the  use  of  a  wooden  leg,  which  is  believed  to  be  that 
of  a  certain  old  admiral  who  was  murdered  here  at  some  time 
or  other,  and  whose  spirit  refuses  to  be  "laid,"  ad  all  good 
spirits  should.  It  is  not  quite  clear,  however,  whether  the  face 
that  is  seen  at  the  window  is  that  of  the  old  admiral ;  but  the 
smith  "  of  large  and  sinewy  hands,"  can  swear  to  having  dis- 
tinctly heard  the  "  dot  and  carry  one  "  tread  of  his  ghost  in  its 
nightly  perambulations.  The  thing  is  therefore  beyond  all 
question.  If  any  of  our  readers  do  not  believe  the  story,  we 
have  only  to  say  that  as  the  old  Paper  Hall  is  yet  in  existence, 
and  the  blacksmith  is  still  "  swinging  his  heavy  sledge,  with 
measured  beat  and  slow,"  in  his  "  stithy"  behind,  they  are  at 
liberty  to  investigate  the  matter  for  themselves.  They  will  find 
the  smith  to  be  a  chatty,  communicative  soul. 

We  must  not  forget  to  mention,  (on  the  blacksmith's  au- 
thority) the  existence  of  a  subterranean  passage  leading  from 
the  hall  to  the  Parish  Church,  but  for  what  purpose  such  a 
means  of  intercommunication  between  these  places  was  made 
we  cannot  very  clearly  make  out.  The  redoubtable  smith  how- 
ever assured  us  that  he  has  not  only  fathomed  its  depths,  but 
has  even  discovered  a  skeleton  in  it  with  a  rusty  sword  at  its 
side,  but  whether  it  was  the  skeleton  of  a  man  or  woman  he  is 
not  quite  clear.  He  was  much  too  frightened  to  make  necessary 
investigations  on  this  point.  W.  Sobutoh. 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE.  78 

A  Methodist  Preacher  at  Skipton  in  Graven  recently  prayed: 
"  0  Lord,  at  this  critical  juncture  of  events,  be  pleased  to  grant 
that  Mr.  Gladstone  and  his  supporters  may  hang  together ; " 
whereupon  a  well-known  Tory  exclaimed,  "Amen!  Amen!" 
To  remedy  matters  the  minister  continued:  "  0  Lord,  I  mean, 
may  they  in  accord  and  concord  hang  together."  "Amen! 
Amen  1 "  retorted  the  Tory,  "  any  sort  of  cord  so  long  as  they 
hang  in  it."  *  *  * 

Bomans  and  Roman  Catholics. — Tour  reference  to  the  con- 
fusion that  obtains  regarding  the  identity  of  the  two  Cromwells, 
Thomas  and  Oliver,  induces  me  to  call  attention  to  another 
popular  error,  the  confounding  of  the  Roman  occupation  and 
the  Roman  Catholic  religion.  Our  Abbeys  are  frequently  said, 
by  the  common  people,  to  have  been  built  by  the  Romans. 


Low  Countbt  Lopb-hoil. — What  is  a  Low  Country  Lipe, 
Lahpe,  or  Lope  Hoil?  A  wide  mouth  is  said  to  be  like  one.    T. 


Populab  Rhymes.  Births. 

Monday's  Bairn  is  fair  of  face, 
Tuesday's  Bairn  is  full  of  grace, 
Wednesday's  Bairn's  the  child  of  woe, 
Thursday's  Bairn  has  far  to  go, 
Friday's  Bairn  is  loving  and  giving, 
Saturday's  Bairn  works  hard  for  a  living ; 
But  the  Bairn  that's  born  on  a  Sabbath  day, 
Is  lucky  and  bonny  and  wise  and  gay. 

Marriages. 
The  Woman  that  changes  Jier  name  and  not  the  first  letter, 
ifl  all  for  the  worse  and  none  for  the  better. 

The  Children  here  play  the  game : — When  you  are  married 
be  sure  and  be  good,  and  help  your  wife  to  chop  the  wood. 

Matlock. 

Poob  Man's  Bane,  and  Antidote,  (p.  12). — We  find  this  poem 
appeared  in  the  Lonsdale  Magazine,  1820,  where  it  bears  the 
signature  "Pauper,"  Sedbusk,  8th  August,  1820.  Two  poems 
u  the  same  volume  appear  from  the  pen  of  the  Rev.  E.  Fawcett, 
8edbii8k,  near  Hawes.  They  are  entitled  "  The  Seasons,  Analo- 
gous to  Man/9  and  "  Reflections  on  Human  Life."  Ed. 


Giammab  of  Yorkshire  Dialects. — Dr. — ,  M.A.,  Professor  at 
a  German  University,  suggests  that  this  desirable  object  should 
b  at  once  attempted.    Assistance  invited. 


74  YORKSHIRE    FOLKLORE. 

Militant  Barnes  Ifcmttt. 

"  Not  made  so  proper  for  singing  as  reading." 

Of  William  Darney,  alias  "  Scotch  Will,"  the  pedlar  preacher, 
nothing  is  recorded  prior  to  1742;  when  in  the  preface  to 
Hymn  162  of  his  hymn  book  he  says,  "In  the  year  of  our  Lord 
1742,  after  I  had  begun  preaching,  (sometime  when  I  was 
under  great  affliction  both  of  body  and  mind)  I  began  te 
question  my  call  to  the  ministry,  altho'  I  had  a  clear  call  in 
October  before.  The  words  were  impressed  upon  my  mind 
which  I  put  in  verse  after  as  followeth." 

1.  "  When  thus  the  second  time  that  He, 

My  loving  Ood  and  Lord, 
Was  pleased  for  to  reveal  to  me, 
That  I  should  preach  His  word. 

2.  As  a  defenced  city  He, 

Did  promise  me  to  make  ; 
And  as  an  iron  pillar  strong 
Which  never  none  could  shake." 

continued  to  ten  stanzas. 

Of  the  locality  of  his  birth,  early  life,  conversion,  and  the 
commencement  of  his  ministry,  nothing  is  known.  He  is 
traditionally  stated  to  have  preached  at  Bradford,  Manningham, 
Eeighley,  and  intermediate  places,  about  the  year  1744.  In 
1745,  the  Bev.  William  Grimshaw  went  to  hear  him  preach  at 
a  house  in  the  ginnel  nearly  opposite  the  Church  gates  at 
Haworth,  in  order  to  confute  his  arguments,  but  he  was  con- 
vinced that  Darney  was  right,  and  after  several  private  conver- 
sations with  him,  conceived  it  to  be  his  duty  to  assist  in  the 
work  in  which  he  was  engaged ;  and  shortly  after  began  to  visit 
"Darney's  Societies,"  as  learner  and  instructor.  These 
societies  were  founded  and  visited  by  Darney ;  they  were  also 
called  "  Darney's  Bound,  because  he  went  regularly  round  in 
succession  preaching  and  holding  conversational  meetings  with 
the  members. 

His  round  included  a  number  of  places  in  the  neighbour- 
hood of  Heptonstall,  Todmorden,  Rochdale,  Ooodshaw  Chapel 
in  Bossendale,  Bacup,  Padiham,  Pendleforest,  Colne,  &e.  His 
societies  were  visited  by  the  Revs.  John  and  Charles  Wesley,  in 
1747.  Darney  at  this  time  carried  his  pedlar's  pack,  sold  his 
wares,  and  preached  a  free  gospel.  In  1748,  he  was  received 
at  the  Leeds  Conference  as  an  itinerant  preacher,  and  appointed 
by  Mr.  Wesley,  at  Mr.  Grimshaw's  request,  to  the  Haworth 
round. 

The  following  entries  occur  in  the  cirouit  account  book — 
Oct.  10— Gave  Wm.  Darney  1/7. 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE.  75 

Jan.  10, 1749— To  Wm.  Darney'e  wife  £1  10s. 

Do.  A  pair  of  boots  for  Wm.  Darney  14/- 

April  8,  1749— To  Wm.  Darney's  wife  £2  2s. 
July  11,  1749— Do.  do.  £1  10s. 

He  several  times  receives  money  "  for  horse  shoeing.1' 
In  October  1749,  Darney  brings  the  quarterage  6/6,  from 
Menstou,  (Otley.)    The  quarterly  meetings  were  discontinued 
until  1754. 

In  1750  and  1751,  he  laboured  in  the  Leeds  and  Sheffield 
circuits. 
In  tins  latter  year  he  published 

A     COLLECTION 

OF 

HYMNS. 

By    WILLIAM    DARNEY. 

In  four  Pabts. 

Lbbdes : 
Printed  by  James  Lister,  1751. 

Each  part  has  a  separate  Title  page.  Part  II.  has  Leedes 
printed  by  James  Lister,  at  New-Street-End. 

A  large  proportion  of  the  hymns  have  passages  of  Scripture 
prefixed  indicative  of  the  subject;  some  have  special  titles — "A 
penitential  hymn;"  "Hymn  for  sanctifying  grace,"  &c;  others 
have  titles  pointing  out  the  circumstances  under  which  they 
were  written.  Hymn  7,  "  The  progress  of  the  gospel  in  divers 
parts  of  Great  Britain/'  (not  made  so  proper  for  singing  as  for 
reading.)"  Hymn  74,  "A  hymn  first  made  for  the  little 
societies  in  the  North  of  Yorkshire."  Hymns  102  and  108, 
"  Funeral  Hymns,  first  made  for  William  and  Mary  Calbert,  a 
young  couple  who  lay  sick  together,  and  died  on  one  bed,  Au- 
gust, 1750."  "Rev:  14-18."  Hymn  116,  "A  Hymn  first  made 
for  the  Bough  Lee  Society." 

In  1755,  he  published  at  Glasgow,  a  treatise  on  the  Funda- 
mental Doctrines  of  the  Holy  Scriptures. 

At  a  special  conference  of  preachers  held  by  the  Rev.  Charles 
Wesley,  at  Leeds,  in  1751,  Darney  was  examined,  and  written 
instructions  were  left  with  William  Shent,  that  unless  he — 
Darney — "would  abstain  from  railing,  begging,  and  printing 
nonsense,  he  should  not  be  allowed  to  preach  in  any  of  the 
Methodist  Societies  and  preaching  houses."  He  would  have 
been  excluded  from  the  list  of  preachers  but  for  an  appeal  on 
Kb  behalf  by  Mr.  Orimshaw.  In  1758  he  was  in  Wales,  and 
afterwards  in  Scotland,  but  appears  to  have  had  no  regular 
appointment  for  several  years.     At  the  Bristol  Conference, 


s 

/ 


76  YOBKSHIBE    FOLK-LOBE. 

1758,  among  other  questions  in  the  minutes  in  reference  to  the 
preachers  is  the  following:  "Can  we  receive  Wm.  Darney?" 
"  Not  till  we  are  fully  assured  that  he  does  not  rail,  print,  or 
sell  wares,  without  a  license.**  He  received  no  appointment, 
but  was  employed  by  Mr.  Grimshaw  as  an  evangelist  in  the 
neighbourhoods  of  Haworth,  Halifax,  &c.  He  remained  in  the 
Haworth  Circuit  or  Bound  until  1764,  when  he  was  stationed 
in  Cornwall.  He  continued  in  full  circuit  work  at  different 
places  until  1769,  when  he  settled  at  Barley,  near  Pendle  Hill, 
continuing  to  labour  as  a  local  preacher,  and  supporting  him- 
self by  travelling,  but  a  man  of  deep  piety,  strong  sense,  and 
burning  zeal,  with  a  courage  that  fearlessly  defied  all  opposition. 
There  was  a  rich  vein  of  evangelical  truth  in  his  preaching, 
often  delivered  with  the  quaintness  of  the  old  Puritan  preach- 
ers, which  pleased  and  profited  many.  Perhaps,  too,  his 
popularity  was  not  lessened,  by  his  frequently  at  the  close  of 
his  sermon  giving  out  an  extemporary  hymn,  adapted  to  the 
subject  upon  which  he  had  been  discoursing.  The  poetry  of 
these  extemporaneous  effusions  was  not  indeed  of  the  first- 
class,  but  it  interested  the  people,  and  his  preaching  was  made 
the  power  of  God  to  the  salvation  of  many." 

Darney  stands  forth  like  a  comet  in  the  religious  history  of 
Yorkshire,  and  probably  more  credit  is  due  to  him  than  has 
yet  been  recorded  in  Methodist  histories.  That  he  was  an 
illiterate  man  may  easily  be  seen,  but  his  genius  and  unflinch- 
ing boldness  and  eloquence  enabled  him  to  wield  a  powerful 
influence  amongst  the  uneducated  people. 

C.  D.  Habdcastle. 

THE    PBOGBESS    OP    THE    GOSPEL    IN    DIVEBS 
PLACES*    OP    GBEAT-BBATAIN    (Sic.) 

1.  In  mercy  guard  thy  little  Flock,  which  do  in  Hawnby  meet; 
0  build  them  up  upon  the  Book,  and  keep  them  at  thy  Feet. 

2.  When  they  were  persecuted  sore,  for  owning  thy  great  name; 
Thou  did  defend  them  by  thy  Power,  and  thou  remains  the 

same. 
8.  0  keep  them  from  the  foe  within,  (for  he  more  subtile  is) 
Their  own  besetting  Bosom  Sin,  and  we  thy  name  shall  bless 

4.  On  Silton  and  Osmotfierly,  in  mercy  Lord  look  down ; 
Bemember  likewise  Ingleby,  thou  blessed  Holt  One. 

5.  0  keep  them  from  the  Enemy,  unite  them  more  in  Love ; 
O  help  them  all  to  trust  in  Thee,  and  never  from  Thee  more. 

6.  Thou  knows  how  weak  and  frail  they  are,  and  easy  turned 

aside; 
0  guard  them  by  thy  mighty  Power,  in  Jesus  to  abide. 

7.  In  Cleveland  and  in  Stokesley  Town,  where  Satan  keeps  his 

Seat; 

•Haying  readers  "  in  divers  places  of  Great  Bratain,"  we  eopy  the  whole.  Bi. 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE.  77 

Come  0 !  our  God  and  oast  him  down*  for  Thou  art  very 
great. 

8.  But  in  the  midst  of  all  the  Town,  thou  know*st  a  lot  doth 

dwell; 
With  all  his  House  Him  do  thou  own,  for  He  doth  love  thee 
well. 

9.  He  loves  Thee,  for  thou  first  lov'd  him,  when  he  was  gone 

astray; 
And  brought  him  to  thy  self  again,  out  of  the  evil  Way. 

10.  0  keep  him  and  his  Family,  and  all  that  with  him  meet ; 
That  they  may  Thanks  give  unto  thee,  whose  Love  is  very 

great. 

11.  Open  a  Door  to  preach  thy  Word,  in  spite  of  Satan's  Power ; 
From  Satan's  Power  pluok  Sinners,  Lord  t  before  he  them 

devour. 

12.  In  Martain,  thou  hast  called  a  few,  who  in  thy  Name  do 

meet; 
0  Lord  do  their  Hearts  renew,  and  keep  them  at  thy  feet. 

13.  They  are  in  Danger  now  of  Pride,  that  they  shall  never  fall; 
0  keep  them  Savioub  by  thy  side,  and  then  they  never  shall. 

14.  Remember  Think,  and  Towns  around,  in  Mercy  and  in 

Love; 
Some  do  obey  the  Gospel  Sound,  0  help  them  from  Above. 

15.  Help  them  to  keep  their  garments  clean,  thy  Name  for  to 

adore; 
That  others  unto  thee  may  tufti,  and  praise  thee  evermore. 

16.  In  Holme  there  are  some  gracious  souls,  who've  tasted  of 

thy  Grace ; 
But  Satan  doth  throw  in  Gontrouls,  his  Power,  O  Lord, 
deface. 

17.  That  they  may  all  agree  in  one,  to  meet  and  serve  the 

Lord; 
In  Unity  of  Spirit  join,  according  to  thy  Word. 

18.  In  Bishopbridge  and  Stockton  Town,  the  Gospel  now  do  speed ; 
In  Barnard  Castle  up  and  down,  some  are  raised  from  the 

dead. 

19.  Newcastle,  in  Northumberland,  a  Church  there  planted  is ; 
Which  by  the  Grace  of  God  shall  stand,  his  Holy  Name  to 

praise. 

20.  Her  Branches  now  around  doth  spread,  the  Country  Towns 

all  o'er  ; 
They  reach  to  Berwick  upon  Tweed,  upon  the  Scottish  Shore. 

21.  In  Whitehaven,  we  now  do  hear,  a  glorious  Work's  begun ; 
Bide  on  thou  glorious  Conqueror,  thy  Work  there  carry  on. 

22.  Our  dear  Bedeemer  is  at  Work,  the  Country  all  around ; 
And  in  the  City  now  of  York  the  Gospel  trump  we  sound. 

28.  In  Rufforih  and  in  Accomb  Town  our  Saviour  hath  a  few ; 
Who  do  give  Glory  to  his  Name,  for  Mercies  ever  new. 


r 


78  YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 

24.  Likewise  to  Selby>we  do  go,  God's  Mercies  to  proclaim ; 
And  warn  the  people  there  also,  to  trust  in  Jesus  Name. 

25.  And  to  that  pop'lous  Place  called  Hull,  where  People  far 

and  near, 
On  the  Account  of  Ships  that  sail,  oome  to  buy  foreign  Ware. 

26.  And  now  the  Gospel- Ship  is  come,  rich  laden  from  Above ; 
The  Sailor's  (8k)  cry  in  Jesus  Name,  the  Riches  of  his  love. 

27.  Here  is  good  Ware  that  will  enrich,  all  those  who  it  receive. 
The  Poor  and  Needy,  and  all  such  are  welcome  who  believe. 

28.  Repent,  believe,  and  take,  who  will,  now  of  this  heavenly 

Store; 
Here  now  is  plenty  foryou  all,  make  Rich  for  ever  more. 

29.  But  if  you  now  our  Wares  refuse,  and  feed  on  Husks  like 

Swine; 
Towards  another  Coast  we'll  cruise,  where  they'll  receive 
our  Wine. 

80.  And  in  that  Day  when  we  sail  home,  up  to  our  Port  above; 
Our  Captain  will  bid  you  be  gone,  for  trampling  on  his 

Love. 

81.  Then  will  ye  all  repent  too  late,  his  Mercy  ne'er  shall  know, 
0  dismal  then  will  be  your  Fate,  to  burn  in  endless  Woe. 

82.  In  Leedes  and  many  Towns  around,  the  Work  goes  sweetly 

on; 
There's  many  hear  the  Gospel  Sound,  and  to  the  Bavioub 

turn. 
88.  0  may  the  Number  xnord  increase,  to  feel  the  sprinkling 

Blood ; 
Which  do  thy  People  all  refresh,  to  praise  thy  Name  O  God. 

84.  In  Birstal  and  in  Towns  that's  near,  have  long  Time  heard 

the  sound, 
Of  thy  sweet  Gospel  Savioub  dear;  let  much  Fruit  there  be 
found. 

85.  0  purge  thou  them  from  Biggotry,  likewise  from  spiritual 

Pride, 
And  make  them  simple,  set  them  free  in  Jasus  to  abide. 

86.  0  do  thou  them  restore  again,  0  God,  to  their  first  Love ; 
Then  shall  they  cheerfully  go  on,  And  never  from  thee 

move. 

87.  On  Wakefield  cast  a  pitying  Eye,  for  it  hath  long  withstood; 
And  did  thy  Messenger  defy.    O  turn  thou  them  O  God. 

88.  On  Bradford  likewise  look  thou  down,  where  Satan  keeps 

his  Seat; 
Come  by  thy  Power  Lobd  him  disthrone,  for  thou  art  very 
great. 

89.  In  Windall*  and  in  Baildon  Town,  thy  Children  simple  be: 
In  Yeadon  and  in  Menston-green,  some  truly  mourn  for  thee. 

40.  In  Ecclesall,*  they're  stiff  and  proud,  and  few  that  dwell 
therein, 

•  Windfall!,  EocleahilL 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK  LOBE.  79 

Do  shew  they've  any  fear  of  God,  or  hatred  unto  Sin. 

41.  0  let  them  feel  thy  mighty  Power,  before  that  they  do  die ; 
And  save  them  from  their  hellish  Gore,  on  Jesus  to  rely. 

42.  In  Keighley,  by  thine  own  right  Hand,  a  Church  is  planted 

there; 
0  help  them  Sayioub  all  to  stand,  thy  Goodness  to  declare. 

48.  Haworth't  a  place  that  God  doth  own,  with  many  a  sweet 

smile; 
With  Power  the  Gospel  preach'd  therein,  which  many  one 
doth  feel. 

44.  Both  far  and  near  they  hither  come,  their  hungry  souls  to 

feed: 
And  God  from  Heaven  sendeth  down,  to  them  the  living 
Bread. 

45.  There's  many  go  rejoicing  home,  in  praising  of  their  God  ; 
And  want  their  Neighbours  for  to  come,  and  taste  the 

heav'nly  Food. 

46.  But  while  the  Strangers  do  receive,  the  Blessing  from  above, 
There's  many  near  the  Church  that  starve  for  want  of 

Jksus  Love. 

47.  They  do  content  themselves  like  Swine  to  feed  on  Husks 

and  Dirt ; 
For  all  their  pleasure  is  to  Sin,  and  live  in  carnal  Sport. 
46.  At  Bradforddale,   near    Thornton   Town,   and  Places  all 
around; 
And  at  Lingbob  sometimes  at  Noon,  the  Gospel  trump  we 
sound. 

49.  There  are  some  few  that  do  obey,  our  dear  Redeemer's  call ; 
And  by  his  Grace  they  daily  pray,  that  Christ  may  be  their  All. 

50.  In  Bradshaw  and  in  Maxinden,  our  Saviour  hath  a  few ; 
Who  sweetly  of  his  Love  can  tell,  which  doth  their  Souls 

renew. 

51.  At  Booth  and  Sowerby  here  and  there,  Christ  hath  a  little 

flock; 
0  keep  them  from  the  Wolf  and  Bear,  and  hide  them  in 
the  Bock. 

52.  In  HaUfax,  and  Sktrcoat-green,  some  precious  Souls  there  be ; 
Which  are  now  saved  by  Faith  alone,  and  bring  forth  Fruit 

to  thee. 
58.  In  Qreetland  and  at  Bradley-Hall,  and  Lamb-coat  there  axe 

some; 
SaUenden-noak  and  Gowker-hill  who  seek  to  know  the  Lamb. 
64.  In  Htptonstall,  the  Parish  flirough,  the  Gospel  fftill  doth 

spread; 
And  here  and  there,  there  are  a  few  which  on  the  Savioub 

feed. 
56.  Near  Todmorden  our  blessed  Lord,  a  Church  hath  planted 

there : 


/ 


80  YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 

The  Pillars  stand  firm  to  his  Word,  his  goodness  they 
declare. 

56.  The  Gospel  of  our  Lobd  doth  spread,  likewise  in  Rottendall: 
In  NewhaU-hay  and  Oakney-wood,  Chkist  is  become  their  Ail. 

57.  In  Mercy  Lobd  t  0  look  thou  down,  on  those  about  Good- 

sIulw  ; 
For  many  of  thy  Lambs  are  torn,  by  Wolves  who  cunning 
be. 

58.  These  cunning  Wolves  the  Truth  in  part,  hold  in  un- 

righteousness ; 
But  do  not  feel  within  their  heart,  the  dear  Redeemer's 
Bliss. 

59.  For  Faith  that's  true  it  works  by  Loye,  and  doth  the  Heart 

renew ; 
It  sets  the  Mind  on  things  Above,  to  witness  God  is  true. 

60.  Our  dear  Redeemer  doth  declare,  the  Tree's  known  by  the 

Fruit : 
Of  the  true  Vine  Believers  are,  in  Jesus  they  take  Root. 

61.  The  Mind  of  Chbist  implanted  is,  in  each  Believer's  Heart; 
Which  makes  them  sing  their  Savioub's  Praise  who  is  their 

happy  Part. 

62.  0  bring  thou  back  these  wand'ring  Sheep,  thou  loving 

Savioub  dear. 
And  in  thy  Fold  them  do  thou  Keep  by  thine  Almighty 

Power. 
68.  On  Pendleforest,  from  above  0  God  do  thou  look  down ; 
Please  to  restore  to  their  first  love,  thy  People  there  again. 

64.  In  Harden,  and  in  Simons  tone,  and  Higham  there's  a  few ; 

0  that  thy  Love  may  melt  them  down,  and  all  their  Hearts 
renew. 

65.  At  Sherfanside  and  Brimincroft  the  Work  it  is  begun ; 
And  Satan's  Soldiers  they  do  fight  for  fear  we  take  Black- 
burn. 

66.  To  Chipping,  and  to  Wycoler,  we  go  each  fortnight  day : 

1  wish  we  could  see  Fruit  appear,  for  that  we  still  do  pray. 

67.  At  Deinliead  also  at  Bank- House,  and  other  places  near ; 
They  now  do  long  for  Jesus  bliss,  our  God  to  love  and  fear. 

68.  In  ShackerUy,  and  in  Bolton,  likewise  in  Harewood-Lee  ; 
Our  Savioub  his  Grace  dropt  down,  and  set  his  children  free. 

69.  And  others  he  is  calling  still,  and  many  they  do  mourn ; 
And  long  the  Savioub's  Power  to  feel,  for  to  remove  their 

Sin. 

70.  In    Manchester,    that    Populous   Place,  where  trade  hath 

flourished  long ; 
In  worldly  Riches  they  increase,  which  fills  both  Heart 
and  Tongue. 

71.  Yet  with  all  Art  and  cunning  Skill,  they  cannot  make  one 

Robe, 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE.  81 

To  Cloath  a  naked  troubled  Soul,  who  feels  the  Wrath  of 
God. 
72.  But  now  of  late  good  News  we  bring,  to  all  who  give  an  Ear ; 
Here  are  fine  Robes  which  make  them  sing  who  do  the 
same  now  wear. 
78.  But  if  you  ask  me  when  it  was,  that  these  fine  Robes  were 
spun; 
It  was  when  Christ  did  bear  our  Curse,  and  died  for  our  Sin. 

74.  Come  therefore  now  each  naked  Soul,  put  on  this  wedding 

Dress ; 
Believe    and    Chbist    shall  be  your  All,   the  Lobd   our 
Righteousness. 

75.  Therefore  0  Manchester!  return,  this  Call  it  is  for  you ; 
8eek  to  be  saved  by  Grace  alone,  this  Doctrine  is  for  you. 

76.  True  Grace  thro'  Faith  will  bring  good  Fruit  and  make 

your  Hearts  rejoice ; 
In  the  true  Vine  when  you  take  root  and  glorifie  his  Grace. 

77.  In  Cheshire  still  the  work  doth  spread,and  Jesus  gets  the  Day: 
0  praise  him  all  ye  faithful  Seed,  still  do  ye  watch  and  pray. 

78.  All  ye  at  Holme  likewise  Botlibank,  Warburton,  Oldjield-brow* 
Go  on  dear  Souls,  and  never  shrink  for  Jesus  pleads  for  you. 

79.  In  Cluster,  and  in  Alpraham,  there's  some  that  can  rejoice ; 
Their  Hearts  do  dance  at  Jesus  Name,  who  sav'd  them  by 

his  Grace. 

80.  How  many  places  here  and  there,  do  long  to  hear  the 

sound ; 
And  Multitudes  in  Derbyshire,  have  the  Redeemer  found. 

81.  Come  now  dear  Reader,  let  us  take  a  turn  another  where, 
As  far  as  Syke-house  and  Fishlake,  which  joins  to  Lincolnshire. 

82.  There  are  a  few  who  do  believe,  in  our  Redeeming  Lord ; 
And  in  their  Hearts  they  do  receive  the  Blessings  of  his 

Word. 
88.  There  is  Rotherham  and  Sheffield,  and  likewise  Barley -hay ; 
0  let  thy  Power  defend  and  shield,  them  from  their  foes 
alway. 

84.  There  is  Barley-liaU  and  High-green,  0  Lord  do  not  forget ; 
Help  them  to  conquer  every  Sin,  and  worship  at  thy  Feet. 

85.  In  Epwortft- Ferry,  West-wood-side,  still  let  thy  Blessings  flow ; 
The  tender  Lambs  of  Cloweth  hide,  within  thy  skirts  alway. 

86.  Preserve  all  those  in  Misterton  who  call  upon  thee  there, 

0  save  them  from  each  Bosom  Sin  and  all  their  Hearts 
Lobd!  chear. 

87.  Bless  Hainton  and  sweet  Conningsby,  and  make  their  Hearts 

rejoice ; 
And  all  that  do  with  them  draw  nigh,  unto  the  Throne  of 
Grace. 

88.  There  is  brother  Toft  and  Wrangle,  of  late  they  have  begun 
To  seek  let  them  never  strangle ;  but  thy  Work  carry  on. 

y.p-L.  g 


82  YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 

89.  0  dearest  Saviour  oast  an  eye,  on  Ludbrough's  little  Flock; 
On  thy  pure  bosom  let  them  lye,  and  hide  them  in  the  Rock. 

90.  The  few  tender  Lambs  in  Tliorsby  O  bear  them  in  thine 

Arms; 
And  thy  precious  sheep  in  Tetney  keep  them  from  Satan's 
Charms. 

91.  Remember  Lobd  thy  tender  Vine,  which  thy  Right  Hand 

did  plant ; 
Thy  little  Church  in  Grimsby  Town,  supply  their  every  want. 

92.  On  Lasby  few,  and  KilUngholm,  still  let  thy  Mercy  flow ; 
And  at  AUcbrough  and  Winterton,  thy  paths  teach  them  to  go. 

98.  In  Bilton-Elland,  and  Garthorp,  these  Towns  within  the 
Isle; 
Dear  Jesus  carry  on  thy  work,  by  thy  own  power  and  skill. 

94.  In  Birmingham  and  Staffordshire,  Shrewsbury,  Dudley  Town : 
And  all  the  Places  joining  near,  thy  Work  still  carry  on. 

95.  In  EvWsham,  London,  and  in  Kent,  and  Essex  all  around ; 
0  keep  thy  People  who  repent,  within  thy  Gospel  sound. 

96.  Sometimes  from  Wales  good  news  we  hear,  which  makes 

our  Hearts  rejoice ; 
That  many  do  believe  and  fear,  and  sing  redeeming  Grace. 

97.  Likewise  the  Tinners  in  Cornwall,  which  did  play,  drink  and 

swear ; 
They  now  the  Saviour's  Grace  do  feel;  his  Holy  Namb  they 
fear. 

98.  In  Bristol,  Bath,  and  in  Kingswood,  Chbist  hath  been  long 

at  Work ; 
And  now  the  sound  of  Jesus  Blood,  hath  reached  unto  Cork. 

99.  The  Gospel  now  doth  spread  we  hear,  much  in  the  Irish 

Nation. 
And  many  Souls  the  Lord  do  fear,   and  in  Christ  find 
Salvation. 

100.  In  Scotland,  0  Lord,  in  Mercy,  thy  Work  do  thou  revive; 
And  purge  thou  them  from  Biggotry,  that  they  to  thee 

may  live. 

101.  There's  many  Places  up  and  down,  whereof  I  do  not  know; 
That  many  unto  God  return,  and  love  his  Will  to  do. 

102.  Gird  on  thy  Sword  upon  thy  Thigh,  0  thou  most  mighty 

God. 
In  Glory  and  in  Majesty,  with  Garments  dipt  in  Blood. 
108.  Bide  on,  ride  on,  the  Nation  thro'  and  conquer  them  all 
o'er; 
That  they  to  Jesus  Name  may  bow  and  the  Godhead  adore. 
104.  Make  all  the  Nations  fear  thy  Name,  And  Anti-Christ  to 
fall; 
Then  shall  we  ever  Praise  the  Lamb  our  God,  our  All  in 
All. 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE.  88 

8upbb8tition8. — Whilst  turning  over  the  pages  of  an  old 
prose  epitome  of  extracts,  published  in  1792,  I  crime  upon  a 
humorous  article  oh  the  above  subject,  by  "  A  Connoisseur ; " 
so,  thinking  it  might  be  interesting  to  readers  of  local  folk-lore, 
I  followed  Captain  Cuttle's  advice,  and  have  made  a  "note 
on't."  Here  it  is,  with  the  spelling  civilised,  [?  modernized] 
but  otherwise  verbatim : — 

"You  must  know,  Mr.  Town,  that  I  am  just  returned  from 
a  visit  of  a  fortnight  to  an  old  aunt  in  the  North,  where  I  was 
mightily  diverted  with  the  traditional  superstitions,  which  are 
most  religiously  preserved  in  the  family,  as  they  have  been 
delivered  down,  time  out  of  mind,  from  their  sagacious  grand- 
mothers. When  I  arrived  I  found  the  mistress  of  the  house 
very  busily  employed,  with  her  two  daughters,  in  nailing  a 
horse-shoe  to  the  threshhold  of  the  door.  This  they  told  me, 
was  to  guard  against  the  spiteful  designs  of  an  old  woman,  who 
was  a  witch,  and  had  threatened  to  do  the  family  a  mischief 
because  my  young  cousins  laid  two  straws  across  to  see  if  the 
old  hag  could  walk  over  them.  The  young  lady  assured  me 
that  she  had  several  times  heard  Goody  Cripple  mutter  to  her- 
self, and  to  be  sure  she  was  saying  the  Lord's  Prayer  back- 
wards. Besides,  the  old  woman  had  very  often  asked  them  for 
a  pin,  but  they  took  care  never  to  give  her  anything  that  was 
sharp,  because  she  should  not  bewitch  them.  They  afterwards 
told  me  many  other  particulars  of  this  kind,  the  same  that  are 
mentioned  with  infinite  humour  by  the  Spectator ;  and  to  con- 
firm them  they  assured  me  that  the  eldest  miss,  when  she  was 
little,  used  to  have  fits,  till  the  mother  flung  a  knife  at  another 
old  witch,  whom  the  devil  had  carried  off  in  a  high  wind,  and 
fetched  blood  from  her.  When  I  was  to  go  to  bed,-  my  aunt 
made  a  thousand  apologies  for  not  putting  me  in  the  best  room 
of  the  house,  which,  she  said,  had  never  been  lain  in  since  the 
death  of  an  old  washerwoman,  who  walked  every  night  and 
haunted  that  room  in  particular.  They  fancied  that  the  old 
woman  had  hid  money  somewhere,  and  could  not  rest  till  she 
had  told  somebody ;  and  my  cousin  assured  me  that  she  might 
have  had  it  all  to  herself,  for  the  spirit  came  to  her  bedside  one 
night,  and  wanted  to  tell  her,  but  she  had  not  courage  to  speak 
to  it.  I  learned  also  that  they  had  a  footman  once,  who 
hanged  himself  for  love ;  and  he  walked  for  a  great  while,  till 
they  got  the  parson  to  lay  him  in  the  Bed  Sea.  I  had  not  been 
here  long  when  an  accident  happened  which  very  much  alarmed 
the  whole  family.  Towzer  one  night  howled  most  terribly, 
which  was  a  sure  sign  that  somebody  belonging  to  them  would 
die.  The  youngest  miss  declared  that  she  had  heard  the  hen 
crow  that  morning,  which  was  another  fatal  prognostic.  They 
told  me  that  just  before  uncle  died  Towzer  howled  so  for 
several  nights  together  that  they  could  not  quiet  him ;  and  my 


84  YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 

aunt  heard  the  death-watch  tick  as  plainly  as  if  there  had  been 
a  clock  in  the  room ;  the  maid,  too,  who  sat  up  with  him,  heard 
a  bell  toll  at  the  top  of  the  stairs  the  very  moment  the  breath 
went  out  of  his  body.  Daring  this  discourse  I  overheard  one 
of  my  cousins  whisper  the  other  that  she  was  afraid  their 
mamma  would  not  live  long,  for  she  smelt  an  ugly  smell,  like 
a  dead  carcase.  They  had  a  dairymaid  who  died  the  very  week 
after  a  hearse  had  stopped  at  the  door  on  its  way  to  church ; 
and  the  eldest  miss,  when  she  was  but  thirteen,  saw  her  own 
brother's  ghost,  who  was  gone  to  the  West  Indies,  walking  in 
the  garden ;  and  to  be  sure,  nine  months  after,  they  had  an 
account  that  he  died  on  board  the  ship  the  very  same  day,  and 
hour  of  the  day,  that  miss  saw  his  apparition.  I  need  not 
mention  to  you  the  common  incidents,  which  were  accounted 
by  them  no  less  prophetic.  If  a  cinder  popped  from  the  fire 
they  were  in  haste  to  examine  whether  it  was  a  purse  or  a 
coffin.  They  were  aware  of  my  coming  long  before  I  arrived, 
because  they  had  seen  a  stranger  on  the  grate.  The  youngest 
miss  will  let  nobody  use  the  poker  but  herself,  because  when 
she  stirs  the  fire  it  always  burns  bright,  which  is  a  sign  that 
she  will  have  a  brisk  husband ;  and  sho  is  no  less  sure  of  a 
good  one,  because  she  generally  has  ill-luck  at  cards.  Nor  is 
the  candle  less  oracular  than  the  fire ;  for  the  squire  of  the 
parish  came  one  night  to  pay  them  a  visit,  when  the  tallow 
winding-sheet  pointed  towards  him,  and  he  broke  his  neck 
soon  after  in  a  fox  chase.  My  aunt  one  night  observed,  with 
great  pleasure,  a  letter  in  the  candle,  and  the  very  next  day 
one  came  from  her  son  in  London.  We  knew  when  a  spirit 
was  in  the  room,  by  the  candle  burning  blue ;  but  poor  cousin 
Nancy  was  ready  to  cry  one  time,  when  she  snuffed  it  out,  and 
could  not  blow  it  in  again  ;  though  her  sister  did  it  at  a  whiff, 
and  consequently  triumphed  in  her  superior  virtue.  We  had 
no  occasion  for  an  almanack  or  weather-glass,  to  let  us  know 
whether  it  would  rain  or  shine.  One  evening  I  proposed  to 
ride  out  with  my  cousin  the  next  day  to  see  a  gentleman's 
house  in  the  neighbourhood ;  but  my  aunt  assured  us  it  would 
be  wet,  she  knew  very  well,  from  the  shooting  of  her  corn. 
Besides,  there  was  a  great  spider  crawling  up  the  chimney,  and 
the  blackbird  in  the  kitchen  began  to  sing ;  which  were  both  of 
them  as  certain  forerunners  of  rain.  But  the  most  to  be 
depended  on  in  these  cases  is  a  tabby  cat,  which  usually  lies 
basking  on  the  parlour  hearth.  If  the  cat  turned  her  tail  to 
.the  fire,  we  were  to  have  a  hard  frost ;  if  the  cat  licked  her  tail, 
rain  would  certainly  ensue.  They  wondered  what  stranger 
they  should  see,  because  puss  washed  her  face  over  the  left  ear. 
The  old  lady  complained  of  a  cold,  and  her  eldest  daughter 
remarked  that  it  would  go  through  the  family;  for  she  observed 
that  poor  Tab  had  sneezed  several  times.    Poor  Tab,  however, 


YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE.  85 

once  flew  at  one  of  my  cousins ;  for  which  she  had  like  to  have 
been  destroyed,  as  the  whole  family  began  to  think  she  was  no 
other  than  a  witch.  It  is  impossible  to  tell  you  the  several 
tokens  by  which  they  know  whether  good  or  ill  luck  will  happen 
to  them.  Spilling  the  salt,  or  laying  knives  across,  are  every- 
where accounted  ill  omens ;  but  a  pin  with  the  head  turned 
towards  you,  or  to  be  followed  by  a  strange  dog,  I  found -were 
very  unlucky.  I  heard  one  of  my  cousins  tell  the  cook-maid 
that  she  boiled  away  all  her  sweethearts,  because  she  had  let 
her  dish-water  boil  over.  The  same  young  lady  one  morning 
came  down  to  breakfast  with  her  cap  the  wrong  side  out;  which 
the  mother  observing,  charged  her  not  to  alter  it  all  day,  for 
fear  she  should  turn  her  luck.  But  above  all  I  could  not  help 
remarking  the  various  prognostics  which  the  old  lady  and  her 
daughters  used  to  collect  from  almost  every  part  of  the  body. 
A  white  speck  upon  the  nails  made  them  as  sure  of  a  gift  as  if 
they  had  it  already  in  their  pockets.  The  eldest  sister  is  to 
have  one  husband  more  than  the  youngest,  because  she  has 
one  more  wrinkle  in  her  forehead ;  but  the  other  will  have  the 
advantage  of  her  in  the  number  of  children,  as  was  plainly 
proved  by  snapping  their  finger-joints.  It  would  take  up  too 
much  room  to  set  down  every  circumstance  which  I  observed  of 
this  sort  during  my  stay  with  them.  I  shall  therefore  conclude 
my  letter  with  the  several  remarks  on  other  parts  of  the  body, 
as  far  as  I  could  learn  them  from  this  prophetic  family ;  for,  as 
I  was  a  relation,  you  know  they  had  less  reserve.  If  the  head 
itches,  it  is  a  sign  of  rain.  If  the  head  aches,  it  is  a  profitable 
pain.  If  you  have  the  toothache,  you  don't  love  true.  If  your 
eye-brow  itches  you  will  see  a  stranger.  If  your  right  eye 
itches,  you  will  cry ;  if  your  left,  you  will  laugh ;  but  left  or 
right  is  good  at  night.  If  your  nose  itches,  you  will  shake 
bands  with  or  kiss  a  fool,  drink  a  glass  of  wine,  run  against  a 
cuckold's  door,  or  miss  them  all  four.  If  your  right  ear  or 
cheek  burns,  your  left  friends  are  talking  of  you ;  if  your  left, 
your  right  friends  are  talking  of  you.  If  your  elbow  itches, 
yon  will  change  your  bedfellow.  If  your  right  hand  itches, 
you  will  pay  away  money ;  if  your  left,  you  will  receive  some. 
If  your  stomach  itches,  you  will  eat  pudding.  If  your  back 
itches,  butter  will  be  cheap  when  grass  grows  there.  If  your 
aide  itches,  somebody  is  wishing  for  you.  If  your  gartering 
place  itches,  you  will  go  to  a  strange  place.  If  your  foot  itches, 
yon  will  tread  strange  ground.  Lastly,  if  you  shiver,  somebody 
is  walking  over  the  place  of  your  grave." 

Now  we  cannot  by  any  stretch  imagine  all  these  events  to 
have  occurred  in  one  family  during  the  space  of  a  fortnight ;  so 
that  it  must  be,  as  the  title  explains,  an  enumeration  of  the 
superstitions  then  prevalent.  Were  Mr.  Connoisseur  now 
living  he  would  find  that  the  descendants  of  his  relations  had 


86  YORKSHIRE    FOLK-LORE. 

not  derogated  one  tittle  from  the  customs  impressed  on  them 
by  their  "  sagacious  grandmothers.'*  There  are  many  more 
curious  sayings  and  customs  yet  existing,  which  the  Connois- 
seur doubtless  missed.  These  I  shall  not  now  detail,  but  as  to 
the  nature  and  origin  of  superstitions,  I  shall  perhaps  haye 
something  to  say  in  a  future  Note. 

Great  Horton.  Jbssb  Mitchell. 

In  the  above  enumeration,  the  Editor  can  corroborate  from 
his  own  observation  many  of  the  superstitious  notions.  In  Idel 
there  are  still  to  be  found  horse-shoes  nailed  on  cottage  doors 
(three  cases  at  least),  and  one  under  a  wooden  pig-trough. 
Most  children  have  "  crossed  the  rainbow  out "  by  placing  two 
sticks  across,  until  some  youngster  has  reproved  them  for 
"  crossing  Christ's  name  out."  In  order  to  make  assurance 
doubly  certain,  a  boy  will  say  to  his  mate— "If  thou  art  sure 
and  certain,  cross  thy  sen,"  that  is,  make  a  sign  of  the  cross 
with  the  finger  on  the  forehead  or  breast.  Several  old  people 
here  believe  that  the  Airedale  College  Students  of  sixty  years 
ago  most  effectually  laid  a  troublesome  ghost.  I  can  give  the 
man's  name,  and  a  few  of  his  personal  characteristics,  but  as 
his  spirit  is  now  quiet  I  refrain.  A  very  noted  Wiseman  lived 
here  not  long  ago,  and  his  books  are  in  the  hands  of  a  relative. 
An  old  woman  now  lives  here  who  is  greatly  feared  by  a  few 
"  believers."  Haworth  and  Southowram  have  had,  in  the 
present  century,  highly  reputed  Wisemen.  "A  whistling  woman 
and  a  crowing  hen*  are  neither  fit  for  God  nor  men,1'  is  a  com- 
mon saying.  An  old  lady  and  her  middle-aged  son  were 
greatly  alarmed  at  the  ticking  of  a  death-watch.  I  relieved 
their  anxieties  by  shewing  them  that  it  was  my  watch  that  I 
had  placed  on  a  shelf,  but  I  did  not  remove  their  belief  in 
death-watcheB.  The  death-watch,  that  is,  the  insect  so  called, 
may  be  frequently  heard  during  hot  summers  in  the  damp  old 
house  at  Idel,  made  historic  by  the  residence  of  the  Revs. 
Joseph  Dawson  and  William  Vint.  Unaccountable  knocks  are 
certain  signs  of  deaths,  and  many  who  try  to  disbelieve  other 
death-signs,  stand  mute  before  these.  The  flakes  of  soot  on 
the  bars,  the  cinders  cast  out  of  the  firegrate,  the  stalk  swimm- 
ing in  the  tea-cup  indicate,  with  more  or  less  credence,  a  visit 
from  a  stranger,  a  gift  or  coffin,  and  a  letter  by  next  post.  A 
few  greatly  fear  the  evil  result  of  blowing  or  snuffing  a  candle 
out  accidentally,  and  eagerly  puff  the  red  embers  into  a  flame 
if  possible.  I  have  learnt  by  experience  that  there  is  truth  in 
the  relationship  of  corn  shooting  and  bad  weather.  So  may 
those  who  suffer  from  chilblains  on  the  hands.  Some  greatly 
desire  the  good  luck  ensured  by  having  a  cricket  singing  on  the 
hearth,  and  the  cat  would  be  severely  punished  that  killed  this 
good  visitor.  If  puss  sits  with  her  back  to  the  fire  there  will 
be  bad  weather,  and  she  must  make  an  alteration  in  her 

*  "  Will  fetch  the  Devil  out  of  his  den." 


YORKSHIBE    FOLK-LORE.  87 

position,  or  there  will  be  discontented  minds.  If  she  runs  wild 
after  her  tail  a  great  storm  is  near.  Spilling  salt,  crossing 
knives,  a  couple  of  persons  when  shaking  hands  crossing  the 
hands  of  another  couple  doing  the  same,  thirteen  persons  at 
table,  these  bring  anxieties  to  some  who  fear  there  may  be 
truth  in  the  old  sayings.  If  your  right  ear  burns  someone  is 
praising  you;  if  the  left,  you  are  being  scolded  or  blamed. 
Perhaps  the  commonest,  and  yet  least-believed,  is  that  the 
cracks  caused  by  pulling  each  of  the  ten  fingers  indicate  the 
number  of  sweethearts.  In  conclusion,  please  to  remember 
that  if  the  ball  or  hollow  of  the  hand  tickles  you  will  have 
some  money  left. 

Wipe  Sales. — From  a  copy  of  the  Leeds  Mercury  for  June 
1st,  1889,  we  glean  the  following  items  of  local  interest: 
William  Farrar  of  Stanningley,  better  known  by  Duke  Farrar, 
took  his  wife  to  the  market  cross  in  Bradford,  on  Monday 
morning  last,  at  a  little  after  four  o'clock,  and  sold  and 
delivered  her  in  the  presence  of  a  witness,  named  Hainsworth, 
to  a  man  from  the  same  place,  called  Green,  for  the  sum  of  5s., 
2s.  6d.  of  which  was  given  to  the  witness  for  his  wages.  The 
parties  went  from  Stanningley  to  Bradford  market-cross,  under 
the  idea  that  the  transfer  would  then  be  legal. 

Amongst  the  popular  errors  which  have  existed  in  the  minds 
of  the  most  ignorant  of  the  population  may  be  classed  the 
strange  belief  that  the  marriage  tie  could  be  dissolved  by  the 
sale  of  the  wife  by  public  auction ;  and  a  good  deal  of  surprise 
was  felt  in  many  villages  of  ignorant  peasantry  at  the  result  of 
a  trial  at  the  West  Biding  Sessions,  June  28th,  1837,  where  a 
man  named  Joshua  Jackson  was  convicted  of  selling  his  wife, 
and  sentenced  to  imprisonment  for  one  month  with  hard 
labour.  In  1858,  in  a  beershop  in  Little  Horton,  Bradford,  a 
man  named  Hartley  Thompson  put  up  his  wife,  described  by 
the  local  journals  at  the  tintt  as  "  a  pretty  young  woman,"  for 
6ale ;  he  even  announced  the  sale  beforehand  by  means  of  a 
crier  or  bellman  ;  he  brought  her  in  with  a  ribbon  round  her 
neck,  by  way  of  halter.  These  two  persons  had  lived  unhappily 
together  and  both  e